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The Gospel Messenger 



"SET FOR THE DEFENSE OF THE GOSPEL.'— Philpp. 1: 17. 



Vol. 63. 



Elgin, 111., January 3, 1914. 



No. 1. 



AROUND THE WORLD 



Arbitration Treaty with Denmark. 

The administration at Washington has put the seal of 
its approval upon the general principle of settling, by ar- 
bitration, all questions of dispute that may arise between 
nations. This is shown in the favorable attitude it has 
taken, looking to a general arbitration treaty between 
America and Denmark. The new treaty makes no reser- 
vations whatever in the subjects to be submitted to arbi- 
tration; not even questions affecting .national honor are ex- 
cluded. , We see no reason why similar treaties could not 
be made by our ctmntry with all other nations, not already 
arranged for. Nothing could possibly be lost by such an 
agreement, and much good would accrue to all concerned. 
By all means, let us cherish the " things that make for 

peace." 

" Seeing the Gospel." 

We note, in a recent report of work among the Chinese, 
that a native eagerly came to a missionary, expressing 
his desire to become a Christian. Naturally the missionary 
asked him where he had heard the Gospel. He was told 
by the anxious inquirer that he had not heard it, he had 
seen it. He then explained himself further. A poor man 
at Ningpo, afflicted with a most ungovernable temper, and 
known as a most debased opium user, had become a Chris- 
tian. His whole life was transformed. He bad given up 
his opium, and had become loving and amiable. " So," 
continued the Chinaman, " I have seen the Gospel and I 
want to be a Christian too." Not only in China, but in 
a|l other lands, do we need the sort of Christianity that 
can be seen, — luminous because it is a direct reflection of 
the Great Light above. 



A Newspaper Man's Idea of the Hereafter. 
Undoubtedly the fiery ordeal of persecution has demon- 
strated, most conclusively, the great sincerity and zeal 
of Korean Christians. Their evangelistic fervor is truly 
apostolic, and their implicit faitli in the power of prayer is 
most remarkable. They consecrate their property, their 
talents and their time very much as the early .Christians 
did. The latest evidence of their consecration is seen in 
the sending of a Korean missionary to China. While the 
Christians of Korea might well employ the argument, 
often urged, " that millions of their otvn countrymen are 
as yet unsaved," they are willing to obey the Master's 
"Go ye" to reach the unsaved of other lands. Out of 
their poverty they provide the means required for the 
sustenance of their foreign missionary ,— a noble exam- 
ple to Christians everywhere. 



Guarding Against Undesirable Immigrants. 
Government authorities are laying plans according to 
which the immigrants of the future are' to be scrutinized 
more strictly than ever before. Such a move is altogether 
desirable, as, in times past many undesirable characters 
have been admitted. Hereafter revolutionists of other 
countries will lind that " Uncle Sam " does not care to have 
them on bis premises. Some ha-ve deplored the fact that 
such an attitude will close the doors to the persecuted of 
other lands, and that the United States will no longer be 
the asylum of the oppressed.. It should be remembered, 
however, that chronic trouble-makers and malcontents are 
the persons objected to, and it is these disturbers of peace, ' 
with clearly anarchistic tendencies, that are to be strictly 
barred out. Ours is a land of liberty, but it is liberty along 
rightful and noble pursuits only. 



Missionary Activity. 
In computing the full value of missionary activity, it 
should be remembered that it manifests itself in many 
phases little noticed by a busy world, and still less so by 
their sinister critics. Taking the one matter of Bible trans- 
lation, we find that missionaries have translated the Bible 
into about seven-tenths of the world's languages, and that 
in many cases the uncouth languages of savage tribes had 
to be systematized and otherwise improved before intelli- 
gent use could be made of them. Many of these people, 
therefore, owe to the missionaries not only the transla- 
tion of the Bible into their own language, but the patiently- 
achieved reconstruction and adaptation of their peculiar 
idioms to the uses of literature. Turning to the matter of 
geographic knowledge, missionaries have given to the 
world a wealth of accurate data, concerning countries but 
little or imperfectly known, unsurpassed by any other 
class of people. The museums of the world are indebted 
to missionary activity for many of the choicest specimens 



"\ plants, animals and products of distant countries. Thus 
we might continue to enumerate the many way-, in which 
the entire world is benefited because the missionary pene- 
trates to the uttermost parts of the earth. In the words 
of a noted writer, " The missionary is humanity's greatest 
asset in the progress of the race throughout the world." 

A Newspaper Man's Idea of the Hereafter. 
Popular opinion "i the average secular newspaper man's 
religious views is, as a rule, not very nattering, but a re- 
ccnt expression by a well-known writer clearly shows that 
some, at least, have linn convictions along rigln Inn--.: 
" Do I believe in a hereafter? Just as much as 1 believe hi 
the next session of Congress. There's too much 'unfin- 
ished business' on the docket. Think of the Auaniases 
t! at get through the meshes of the law here! There surely 
must be liner nets farther on." This writer has seen just 
enough of tlie seamy side of life,— its corruption and sin 
in high places as well as low,— to realize the stern jus- 
t,ce of the Divine Decree, by virtue of which each man 
is to "receive the things done in his body. 'according to 
that he fiath done, whether it be good or bad." Yes, 
" lliere are liner nets farther on." 



Cherishing the Weak and Infirm. 
Humanity at its best has a tender and loving regard for 
the weak and infirm. This noble trait, unknown in hea- 
then lands, but so commonly seen in Christian nations, 
manifests itself along various avenues. The city of De- 
troit, Mich., makes a special appropriation of nearly 
$7,0CO to educate its crippled children who, without this 
special assistance in their weak and infirm condition, 
would i>e doomed to remain at-home, forever debarred of 
the privileges available for them in the public schools. 
Tenderly these unfortunates are, by special means of trans- 
portation, conveyed to the schools, the expense being 
borne by the city. While thinking about this most re- 
markable manifestation of altruism in this matter-of-fact 
age, we were wondering whether the church is showing 
equal solicitude for those who are " weak and sickly." As 
in the days of the apostles, we have among us those who 
need the tender care of the strong and the well-established. 
"We then that arc strong," says Paul, "ought to bear the 
infirmities of the weak, and not to please ourselves." 



A Fallacious Argument. 
Recent press reports quote General Wocid, Brigadier 
General of the United States Army, as saying, " It is noth- 
ing short of cold-blooded murder to send a lot of half- 
trained men and half-trained officers to war." He made 
this statement to support an argument in favor of more 
trained soldiers, but a closer analysis of his line of thought 
evinces a noticeable weakness, — the general said exactly 
what he did not wish to say if you carry his argument to 
its logical conclusion. If "half-trained men and half- 
trained officers " are unable to defend themselves as thor- 
oughly as they should, to escape annihilation by the enemy, 
it follows that well-trained men and well-trained officers 
can hot only defend themselves but can slaughter the en- 
emy right and left, and the murder will be even greater. 
In whatever way we may look at war, it is, — as some one 
expressed it, — " legalized murder," and the one most 
proficient in the art of war is the most accomplished 
" legalized murderer." Be it remembered, however, that 
all this work is neither part nor parcel of the loving spirit 
of the meek and gentle Christ. 



Another Instance of Rome's Arrogance. 
While "The Hague Tribunal," as an arbiter of interna- 
tional disputes, is recognized as a valuable adjunct to the 
cause of peace, its further permanency would be seriously 
impaired if Archbishop Glennon should succeed in his 
plan, recently promulgated, of having the Pope serve as 
the sole adjudicator of troubles between nations. Why 
should the ecclesiastical head of Catholicism, the " Pris- 
oner of the Vatican," presume to settle the affairs of this 
mundane sphere, when Christ so distinctly averred, " My 
kingdom is not of this world " ? Should the official board 
of any other religious body presume to exercise such a 
function, there would be an undisguised and outspoken re- 
monstrance on the part of our Catholic friends. Arch- 
bishop Glennon, when devising the plan as outlined abu\e, 
was dreaming, perhaps, of this and other possibilities, de- 
voutly wished for, though unattained as yet. But, surely, 
he can hardly expect Protestants to accept the dogma of 
papal infallibility, upon which he doubtlessly based his 
most astounding proposition to have the Roman Pontiff 
serve as a final adjuster of pending international diffi- 
culties. 



An Interesting Find. 
Of chief interest among the relics of .he Scott antarctic 

expedtt.on, recently placed in the Natural History Museum 
at South Kensington, England, are the few pieces of coal 
Found by Captain Scott's party in latitude 85 degrees in 
the middle ol the frozen plateau that stretches from King 
Edwards Land way beyond the south pole The few tiny 
fragments of coal, Mewed in the Ijght of science tell a 
wonderful story. If it is true, as these specimens seem to 
indicate, that there is a deposit of coal at the south pole, 
ifiere must have been, al some remote period, forests grow- 
ing in this wind-swept, ice-covered land, Stored „,, m u u . 
I'l'le Ints of coal is the heal from a tropical sun which 
ages ago shone over the then vcrdanl hills and valleys of 
King Edwards Land, now a desolate, icy waste Truly 
il-ere are mysteries in this earth of ours that human inge- 

nuity has not yet solved. 



When the Unexpected Happens. 

When. Dee. 24, a number of the striking miners and 

their families had gathered in a hall at Calumet, Mich., for 

a C hnstn.as celebration, an unknown miscreant, by a false 
alarm of fire, threw ihe wl,..lc assembly into a wild panic 

Ihe weaker were trodden under font until the ghastly 
mil of the dead numbered seventy-two, and all this be- 
cause a false report had robbed the entire gathering of 

serf-possession and sound judgment when must needed. 

Just ..ne ray of sunshine pierces the gloom which the great 
Calamity, at this spctial season, has cast over the entire 
State and even beyond,— the evident desire of all parties 
to bring to an end the bitter labor war of the striking 
copper miners and their employers, And thus the Christ- 
mas message of "peace oil earth, good will to men" may. 
after all, prove its potency, in this time of dire distress, by 
reuniting the warring factions. 



Helping the Prisoners. 

Mo .lass of men, perhaps, is in greater need of intelli- 
gent cooperation, in all thai is good, than the convicts in 
our penitentiaries, and still further help is needed by them 
upon their discharge from confinement. Under the aus- 
pices of Thomas Mott Osborne, chairman of the New York 
State Commission for Prison Reform, a Prisoners' Aid 
League has been urbanized among the convicts of Auburn 
Prison, This society is supplemented by men from ihe 
outside, acting as a hoard of visitors. These coworkers 
endeavor, without sentimental impulses, to bring the hu- 
man touch to tlie isolated men. advising them in personal 
matters, and keeping watch fur opportunities t<< obtain 
positions for men who seek parole. As opportunity per- 
mits, these visitors also fill the place of relatives among 
those convicts whose friends are too far away. It is 
planned to extend the benefits of this movement to all the 
penitentiaries of our land, and soon there will be ample 
opportunity fur all who wish t<> be helpful to "those in 
prison,"— an act ..f loving-kindness fur which the Mas- 
ter's " Well done " is so graciously promised. 



A Brighter Day Ahead. 
Pessimists, who persist in ever looking at the dark side 
<>l things, can undoubtedly lind much, nowadays, to dis- 
courage them most thoroughly, hut it is well to take a 
wider look, and weigh the other side of the question. Look- 
ing at things in general, at this opening of another year of 
renewed opportunities, one is especially struck with the 
fact that open and avowed attacks upon Christianity, such 
as were waged by the far-famed Robert G. Ingersoll and 
Others in years gone by, have practically ceased. Men 
are beginning to revolt at the materialism of the age. and 
are reluming to the old Bible truths that have stood the 
test of ages. A notable demonstration of this is seen 
among the leaders of the religious world of Germany. 
Many of the men who in former years were ultra-liberal 
in their religious views, are now declaring themselves in 
favor of the Old Book just as it stands. While, in our own 
land, there are many social and moral questions of gravest 
import,'— problems that like uncharted rocks of the ocean, 
threaten the welfare of church and state, — we may well 
rejoice that never before were there as many lighthouses, 
warning the mariners on life's tempestuous sea. The great- 
est need of Christianity today, perhaps, is a keener sense 
uf lie wardship, — a just appreciation of our whole duty 
to God as well as man. But even this is receiving more 
attention than ever before. More and more are men ap- 
preciating the full measure of their obligations to God as 
well as their fellow-men, and the gracious fruitage of this 
deeper consecration manifests itself in renewed lives and 
w..rk- of beneficence as never before. 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 3, 19i4. 



ESSAYS 



Study to shew Uiyself approved unto Cod, a workman that needeth 
not to be aahamed, rightly dividing the Word of Truth 



A New Year. 

BY B. F. M. SOURS. 
Another year? O let its joy or sorrow * 

Be borne to him who knowcth aii our needs. 
Another year? I know not of the morrow, 

Unt he who every little sparrow feeds, 
Looks down on me with love's solicitation; 

I know lie holds me in his quenchless love 
The while lie gives me heaven's consolation. 

And leads my steps to holy heights above. 

Another year? I know not what may hover. 

Rut this 1 know, no harm can come to me. 
If 1 safe rest beneath the wings that cover 

My heart, like silent currents of the sea, 
On. on will sweep, in glorious contemplation, 

In triumph claiming all thai may be mine, 
Safe, safe all days, no matter what my station, 

Ever safe folded in the Arms Divine. 

Another year? Yes, cornel I fear no danger. 

I rest me on the bosom of his love — 
His love who lay a Babe in Bethlehem's manger 

That all the world should seek the heaven above. 
O Son of God, the holy, holy vision 

Quenches all fear of darkness or of pain, — 
No foe, no fear can pierce my heart's decision, 

Nor drive my faith back to the gloom again. 

A happy year? Red clovers will, as ever. 

Be honey-sweet; wild roses pink and fair 
Will feed the bees; and harvests falter never, 

Nor cloud nor rainbow cease their hues to wear. 
And this I know, — Love's stores are unwithholden, 

God overbends our hearts of child-like faith 
And gives us visions of a future golden — 

Beyond thee, — year, — thai lauglrat time and death. 
Mechanicsburg, Pa. 



1/ Christ-Minded. 

BY J. E. MILLER. 

" Let this mind be in you which was also in Cliri.sc 
Jesus" (Philpp. 2: 5). 

We all admire a person with fine build, pleasing 
personality, good looks, and commanding stature. Fer- 
liaps we place too much stress on the physical at times. 
We all know that the man with a healthy, well-pro- 
portioned body lias the advantage, other things being 
equal, over the man who is physically abnormal. The 
intellectual, the spiritual rise above the physical, and 
Paul had that in mind when he penned this letter. 

Christ is the ideal, the perfect model for all men in 
all times and in all conditions. Saul of Tarsus be- 
came Paul the Apostle because he had grasped this 
great idea and had made the mind of Christ his own 
mind. In the beginning God breathed into man the 
breath of life; he placed his own spirit within man so 
that man was part of God. Jesus came to make God 
manifest to us. He came that we might be " complete 
in him." Paul had learned to say, " Not I, but Christ," 
and in that thought he transformed his life. What 
were some of the characteristics of the mind of Christ 
that Paul would have his hearers imbibe ? 

We always watch in children for early tendencies. 
Somehow we think from these we can detect a proph- 
ecy of the future. At twelve, when Jesus was left 
behind in the temple, we have a glimpse of his mind. 
Even the doctors of the law were astonished at his 
wisdom. The burden of his message was simply this : 
" I must be about my Father's business." I would call 
your attention to that one little word, MUST. It 
speaks volumes. You may have overlooked it in 
your former studies. Jesus felt a restraint, a neces- 
sity, laid upon him, and only as he met these condi- 
tions could he do his duty. Let us look at a few 
MUSTS in his life. 

" 1 must preach the kingdom of God." " I 'must 
work the works of him that sent me." "The Son of 
man must suffer many things." " This which is writ- 
ten must yet be accomplished in me." " The Son of 
man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men." 
" And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold : 
them also must I bring." Interpret his life in the light 
of these "musts," and you will understand why he 
was so different from mere men. No man can come 
to true greatness who does not feel that necessity is 



laid upon him and that there are certain obliga- 
tions which he must discharge if he would be true to 
himself and his trust. Whether in public or private 
life, in secular or religious affairs, it is well to inquire 
whether the man you are dealing with recognizes any 
MUST in his dealings with others. 

Another characteristic of Christ's mind was this: 
" He made himself of no reputation." We all have 
our ambitions. We set up a goal and towards the at- 
taining of this we bend every energy. Often we pause 
to consider whether, after all, we may not be pardoned 
for stepping aside just a little when there seems to be 
something so much better in sight than what we had 
been aiming at. When a man teaches for a thousand 
dollars a year, that he may serve his own church and 
people, while a position paying four times that amount 
is open to him ; when a man prefers to stay by a small 
country church and minister to it when a large city 
church with a handsome salary is waiting and beckon- 
ing for him ; when a missionary in a foreign field 
works for a mere living when he could live at ease and 
make money, — these are instances where men have 
seen fit to make themselves of no reputation that they 
might prove true to the trust they believed was theirs. 
Yes, the crux of life is to give up your own ambi- 
tions that you may live that larger life, — larger in the 
sight of God, though it may be smaller in your own 
sight and in the sight of your fellow-men. God bless 
those men and women who, like their Master, have 
" made themselves of no reputation " ! 

Again ; " He became a servant." All his teaching 
was to the end that men should serve, that he came to 
serve, that the stronger and greater and better a man 
was the more was it necessary that he should become 
a servant. Yes, the mind of Christ was that service 
is divine, that labor is honorable, and that both 
he and his followers should be known by the works 
they do and the service they render. " By their fruits 
ye shall know them." 

" He humbled himself." A thousand are willing to 
exalt themselves where one is willing to humble him- 
self. Jesus knew this. He also knew that the real 
road to success was through the gateway of humility. 
" He that humbleth himself shall be exalted." In 
these days of strife and rivalry in all avenues of life 
it is refreshing to know that Jesus pointed out a better 
way to reach a high position than the way that men 
usually pursue. 

" He became obedient." He was willing to take 
orders. Are you ? Does it grate on your nerves to be 
told what to do? Then you are not measuring up to 
your highest opportunities. He came not to do his 
own will, but the will of him that had sent him. 
Whose will are you doing ? When the disciples needed 
food and were surprised that he had not been as hun- 
gry as they, he said, " My meat is to do the will of 
him that sent me." Have you ever been so deeply in- 
terested in your work that it was a pleasure even to 
go without food? Then you lived a life that led you, 
through obedience, to find pleasure even in denying 
yourself for the sake of something better. 

Let me mention but one more characteristic of his 
mind : He was willing to stand alone. Obedience to 
his trust led him to the cross, and on the cross he stood 
the test alone. Hear him as he cries out in the agony 
of the suffering that came to him as he bore the sms 
of the world : " My God, my God, why hast tho'u for- 
saken me?" And" do not imagine that those 
were merely idle words. No; they came down deep 
from his heart, for he and not God was bearing the 
sins of the world. Only as you will be willing to stand 
alone, even if it should call for your death, can you 
claim to have that mind of Christ which would not 
swerve nor falter even on the cross. 
Mt. Morris. III. 



Some Attributes of God's Elect. 

BY JOHN' R. SNYDER. 
V. A Fruitful People. 
" Herein is my father glorified that ye bear much fruit " 

(John 15: 8). 

God never chose us, redeemed us, gave us a name 
or called us out from the world to sit about in laziness. 
He expected his elect to be up and about their " Fa- 



ther's business." With too many professed Christians 
church membership has resolved itself into a sort of a 
palace car, with reserved seats and porters to wait 
upon them at their beck and call. The idea of service 
or labor seems never to have entered their mind, and 
they are content to go on, day after day, barren and 
unfruitful. But God has planned it different. He 
means that every true follower of his should be a 
fruit-bearer. To those who were either barren or un- 
fruitful, he gave drastic instructions for their destruc- 
tion and there was to tie no compromise. 

The fifteenth chapter of John is the " Vine chapter" 
and three different phases of the vineyard are illus- 
trated. These three phases represent three persons. 
First, the husbandman, second, the Vine, and third, the 
people who represent the branches. Proper coopera- 
tion, on the part of these three, will result in fruit. A 
lack of fruit shows that something is wrong. 

Christ, in the discourse to the disciples, makes plain 
his meaning. He says he is the true Vine. God, the 
Father, is the Husbandman. " Ye," speaking to the 
disciples, "are the branches." We are all familiar 
with the attributes of the vine. We know that unless 
the branch has vital connection with the vine, it will 
die and, in the nature of the case, it can not bear fruit. 
Unless it " abides," there can be no return for labor, 
and all is lost. Many people, in these degenerate days, 
are working in their own strength, and endeavoring 
to bring forth fruit in their own strength. Of course 
they fail. Others claim vital connection with Christ, 
but there is no fruit to prove that connection. Christ 
distinctly says that if the connection is there, there will 
be fruit. If there is no fruit, then the branch is cut 
off, — cast away to be burned. Awful consequence! 
Nothing but leaves, nothing but leaves ! God help the 
branch that has no fruit upon it. Brother, sister, have 
you been bearing fruit? Has your influence gone far 
enough to cause your own children to be grafted into, 
the true Vine? Do your neighbors know that you are 
a part of the Vine? Are you abiding in Christ and is 
his life flowing through you to his glory and honor? 

"Must I go and empty handed? 
Must I meet my Savior so? 
Not one soul with which to greet him. 
Must I empty-handed go?" 

Belief antaine, Ohio. 



What Should Be the Amount of Our Faith? 

BY I. S. LONG. 

Missionaries have been at work in India, in a 
small way, for two centuries, and in a far larger way 
for one century. At present, counting all the Chris- 
tian workers engaged in one way or another, both na- 
tive and foreign, we have the enormous host of about 
fifty thousand, — booksellers, village school-teachers, 
catechists, preachers; and missionaries from abroad. 
All, with one mind and purpose, are making onslaught 
against the powers of darkness, and are prevailing ! 

Something over a million portions of the Bible are 
sold yearly in India. Besides, hundreds of thousands 
of religious tracts and booklets, in addition to Chris- 
tian newspapers, are scattered into every nook and 
corner of the land. Moreover, the Christian colleges 
are doing an important work in leading India's intel- 
ligent youths into the light. In short, India's mil- 
lions are gradually becoming saturated with the mes- 
sage of Christianity. It may seem to some of you 
that the leaven lies hidden in the measure of meal a 
long time,— which is true, due largely to caste hin- 
drance; but the dawn of India's redemption, — praise 
the Lord! — seems to be drawing nigh. 

" In 1891, in the Punjab," one of the Northwestern 
provinces, " there were 19,780 Indian Christians ; in 
1901 there were 37,695; but in 1911 the number rose 
to 1(54,994." These figures show a movement with a 
fast-growing momentum toward Christ. The main 
reason for turning Christward is the " desire for so- 
cial betterment and the craving for a freer, fuller life." 
In several missions of the Punjab, the " movement 
has far outrun the organization and resources of the 
missions." For instance, in one mission there are 10,- 
000 baptized Christians living in 130 villages, to teach 
whom are only twenty-three Indian workers and twen- 
ty-four village schools. That is, there is one worker 



tHE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 3, 1914. 



for every 435 and one school-teacher for every 400 

Christians, far, far too few for the needs. In another 

mission of 56,000 Christians, there are only about 300 
workers, all told. 

One well able to judge of the probable future thinks 
these 160,000 will in the next five years swell to 300,- 
000, and in ten years to half a million. 

And the Punjab is not the only district in this great 
peninsula ripe for the harvest. A certain Methodist 
missionary writes that in 1906 at Vikarabad there 
were only 720 Christians, while there are at present 
10,000, and that last year he baptized 4,270, who rep- 
resent only a fraction of those who might be gathered 
in. " In the same district there are tens of thousands 
of people who can be reached by us, and who are 
ready to embrace Christianity as soon as the message 
is brought to them." 

Another writes that in a district near Benares there 
are 900,000 who could be gathered into the church in 
the near future. The missionary there within the last 
seven months has baptized about a thousand, but finds 
it impossible to take advantage of the many openings' 
because of a lack of workers and funds. 

A third missionary writes that in and around Delhi 
there is a big movement on among 350,000, such that 
ten years promises to be quite long enough for reach- 
ing the 100,000 of one caste, not to mention the 250,- 
* 000 of the second caste who are equally accessible. 
In short, in this one mission in three districts, as 
per their own requests for teaching and baptism, there 
are one and a half million ready to embrace Chris- 
tianity. 

Certainly, there are hosts at home who, with us, 
have been in much prayer that the day might soon 
dawn when a nation would be born in a day. In the 
above, I have merely hinted at the answer to prayer 
in behalf of four different mission fields. One writes, 
" Who would have supposed that when the prophecy, 
— a nation born in a day, — began to be fulfilled, we 
should be at our wits' end to know what to do, and 
should find ourselves more distressed than were out- 
fathers because it took ten years to gather enough con- 
verts to organize a congregation? Who could have 
foreseen that, instead of holy joy for the mighty tri- 
umphs of the Gospel, we should have agony and 
strong cryings because of the inability of the church 
to accept the multitudes who stand knocking at her 
door? " 

This Methodist church has done a wondrous work 
the world around in evangelizing the heathen; but 
now, when the results of fifty years of labor and sac- 
rifice spell masses and masses for Christ, the church 
is wholly unable to take advantage of her opportunity. 
In other words, the church, that in all her foreign 
fields has labored for fifty years in gathering a half 
million converts, might now within ten years, appar- 
ently, gather into her field two million more; and yet 
she stands dumb in the face of this tremendous bless- 
ing. Before all this, too, there is no increase in the 
amount of appropriations or in the number of mission- 
aries sent forth, by said church. What a pity ! What 
a pity ! 

What shall zve learn from the above? First, that 
we ought, one and all, to pray, for and soon expect a 
great forward movement in our own India work. In 
several of our districts, even now, the people may be 
said to be ready, but we are not, confessedly. We^ 
could not handle a mass movement i f the Lord 
heard our prayer and granted it. The fact is, some 
of us are not praying much for such a movement to- 
ward Christ. Why? Merely because we do not have 
the teachers and shepherds to handle such a tide of 
blessing ! 

Then what? May the Lord of the harvest open 
our understanding as to how most quickly to raise 
up a host of workers! This be our first and one 
thought. For, in the nature of the case, the people, 
being gradually saturated with the truth of Christian- 
ity, will, like a flood, press over our heads, if we are in 
the way, into the kingdom of God. Will the church 
support us in gathering into our several stations the 
boys and girls willing to come, to the intent that we 
may prepare a host of intelligent teachers? The more 
teachers the better! It will take fifteen years thor- 



oughly to prepare them for successful service. Mean- 
while, what is your hope for your India mission? 
How much faith have you? Brethren, we have a very 
good field, and they will come to us by hundreds even 
now, and by thousands later, if we will get ready to 
receive them. If I had not by faith foreseen this I 
should not have wished to return to India. 

And is the China work less hopeful ( than this? By 
no means ! Perhaps it is even more hopeful ! Our 
church is small, and laborers seem few. In view 
of the evident real opportunities in both India and 
China, where they know not God, and in view of our 
little strength, apparently, is it tvise, I ask, to open 
more missions in other lands? Nearly half the human 
race is in " Egyptian " darkness in these two coun- 
tries, in which our little church could spend and lose 
herself times over. May we be guided by the Spirit, 
and not by mere sentiment, as we seek to do his will, 
to " the uttermost parts of the earth " ! 
Vyara, India. 



consummated at last, when Jesus shall come as the 
King of Glory, and " before him shall be gathered all 
the nations, and he shall separate them one from an- 
other, as the shepherd divideth his sheep from the 
goats." The internal separation which has been grow- 
ing and widening between different persons will then 
be confirmed publicly by our Lord. He will pass judi- 
cial sentence upon all, consigning the wicked to ever- 
lasting punishment, and receiving the righteous into 
life eternal. The time period during which all this 
will take place is called, in the Scriptures, the " day 
of judgment, " upon which the present advent season 
once more calls us to meditate. 

May the Lord help each individual to consider the 
great future that is awaiting him, that he may apply 
his heart to wisdom and set his house in order, so that 
when the Lord shall come with a shout and the angels 
with him, he may be fully ready for the great test. 

Glade, Pa. 



The Judgment Day. 

BY H. A. STAHL. 

The root idea of the judgment day is thai, of final 
and complete separation. This comes to view in the 
word which is used by all the New Testament writers, 
when referring to the subject. The term, as used by 
them, mean6 " crisis." The final judgment will be the 
last crisis in the world's history, brought about by 
forces and powers that have gone before, and have 
been active for thousands of years. It will be the last 
conflict between sin and righteousness, light and dark- 
ness, holiness and iniquity. It will be the time when 
the ultimate issue between the contending forces of 
good and evil shall have been reached. Evil being 
completely overcome and subdued, the two powers 
will forever separate, and thus the contest between 
good and evil will be settled and decided for all eter- 
nity. 

The time of the judgment will be the day appointed 
by the Almighty, called the " last day," or the " day of 
judgment." Now, although the Bible speaks of this 
time as the " day of judgment," this expression does 
not necessarily mean a period of twenty-four hours, 
for the term " day " is not restricted to this meaning 
in the Word of God. We read, for example, of the 
day in which Jehovah made the heavens and the earth. 
In this instance the word includes the time elsewhere 
spoken of as the six days of creation. So also in 
the Epistle to the Hebrews, the sacred writer refers 
to the Israelites' forty years' sojourn in the wilder- 
ness as the day of temptation. Then, there is also the 
familiar passage: " Behold, now is the accepted time; 
behold, now is the day of salvation." From these ex- 
amples it is evident that the term " day " is sometimes 
used in the Bible to define a given period of time with- 
out any reference to its length. The expression, " the 
day of judgment," designates the time period, whether 
longer or shorter, in which the last things in God's 
kingdom on earth will be accomplished, — the con- 
cluding period in which the last crisis of the world's 
history will be reached. 

This crisis, we are told by our Lord, will come sud- 
denly, as the lightning's flash, and unexpectedly as a 
thief in the night. Such, however, it will he only in 
its outward manifestation. As to its producing causes, 
these run through a series of premeditations. The 
Gospel of the Son of God works toward this crisis 
throughout the entire history of the world. All along 
its course there are subordinate judgments, which are 
premonitions of the final one, and true preliminary 
parts of it. Such, for instance, was the destruction of 
Jerusalem, as referred to by our dear Lord himself. 
The city was ripe for destruction, and accordingly 
fell to pieces when Titus laid siege to it, and the na- 
tion henceforth was separated from the course of his- 
tory. So also was the Reformation of the sixteenth 
century a judgment on the civil and religious affairs 
of Europe. The same thing is true of the French Rev- 
olution and the Napoleonic Wars. 

While these, and similar events, constitute epochs 
in the world's history, the grand movement of sifting 
and separation is ever going forward, and will be 



' Count the Cost." 



An Address Delivered by Bro. W. 

dredth Anniversary of the First 



rice at the One Hun- 
ch or Philadelphia. 



David, poet and king of Israel, while thinking of 
the splendid achievements of his nation, and reviewing 
their triumphal progress from age to age, reverently - 
exclaimed, " For thou, Jehovah, hast made me glad 
through thy work; we have heard with our ears, O 
God, our fathers have told us, what work thou didst in 
their days, in the days of old." 

The king counted the cost of Israel's progress in 
many a struggle; the past was full of the noise and 
tumult of battle : nevertheless, each age was crowned 
with a jubilee of increasing national freedom. 

David had experienced the joy of victorious strug- 
gle; he understood the spirit of the ancient heroes, 
and entered into their labors with a sympathy so deep, 
thai his heart overflowed with praise. 

The Church of the Brethren rejoices to inherit the 
revered institutions of our fathers; but the intensity of 
our joy will be measured by our ability to see the same 
visions, and the sacrifices we are willing to undergo, 
to make them real in our common life. We do not 
honor the great heroes of our faith by a formal ob- 
servance of these institutions, without realizing the 
spiritual struggle that gave them birth. Did David 
mount from the sheepfold to the throne without pass- 
ing through a baptism of fire? Was it not this last 
' that made him the poet of the heart, and comforter 
of all generations? 

" Sure I must fight if I would reign, 
Increase my courage, Lord; 
I'll bear the toil, endure the pain', 
Supported by thy Word," 

Two hundred years ago, in Europe, the religion of 
the state was supposed to be the religion of the citizen. 
Our brethren paid a heavy price for dissenting from 
this opinion. Religion, for them, was not a set of 
rules or enactments to be changed with the king. Jesus 
came into the world that we might have life; and this 
life was the eternal and unchanging substance of 
Christianity. Men might differ from age to age in the 
form in which they apprehended it; but the reality 
itself would not change with shifting opinions. The 
stars in heaven would not cease to shine, whatever 
our astronomical theories might be. 

They believed, therefore, that Christianity was not, 
primarily, doctrine; not a system of precepts to be 
obeyed; not even a subjective experience; but a new 
creative life in the soul, that comprehended all these. 
In the preface to the Gospels, in the Berleberg Bible, 
they center their faith in these great statements of 
Paul: " If any man be in Christ, he is a new crea- 
tion " ; " Christ in you, the hope of glory." 

On the other hand, let it be said, to the honor of 
Alexander Mack, that he was not willing, with the ex- 
treme mystics and pietists of his day, to resolve this 
life into a spectacular spirituality in which each man 
was a law unto himself. For him, Jesus was the truth 
. and the way, as well as the life. 

Dr. Harris relates an interesting legend from the 
Scandinavian mythology. One of the gods was chal- 
lenged to a race, and was outrun. He afterward 
learned that his competitor in the race had bcem " hu- 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 3, 1914. 



man thought." Jesus has been tested in the race with 
human thought for nineteen centuries, and has always 
been found in advance. Il is not surprising, there- 
fore, that our fathers, who inquired so deeply into the 
mind of the Master, should have entertained some 
social and religious ideals in advance of the opinions 
of their day. Their protest was made, however, at a 
heavy cost, but they willingly paid the price, though it 
meant the galley, imprisonment, and even deatji ! 

Jesus said to Pilate, "To this end was I'born, and 
for this cause came I into the world, that J should 
bear witness unto the truth." The strength and virility 
of the faith of (he church has been manifest in this, — 
thai for two hundred years our people have always 
been steadfast in their testimony to social and reli- 
gious ideals in advance of public opinion. For a hun- 
dred years before the .appeals of Wilherforce were 
effective in England, a hundred and fifty years before 
the eloquence of Wendell Phillips struck the shackles 
from the negro in America, the Church of the Breth- 
ren resolutely refused to sanction slavery. And let it 
be said to the credit of our Brethren in the South, that 
for a hundred years previous to the Civil War, they 
never wavered in their testimony to universal free- 
dom. 

From universal freedom, there was but a step to 
universal brotherhood. In Europe, when war was the 
fashion, and peace the exception, they courageously 
advocated universal peace and amity. The best schol- 
arship of today is advocating universal peace for pre- 
cisely the same high moral reasons, and when a par- 
ticularly strong argument is produced, the author is 
bailed as a public benefactor and awarded the Nobel 
prize. In the time of our fathers a profession like theirs' 
was considered not only impractical, but heretical; and 
the position of our Brethren was construed as danger- 
OUS lo the public welfare, subjecting them to fines and 
the confiscation of their property. 

At a time when the public was more tolerant of 
alcoholic liquors, they branded them as noxious and 
destructive of social order. 

Forty years before Robert Raikes gathered his boys 
from the streets of Gloucester, Christopher Saur 
printed the texts for the Sunday-school conducted by 
Ludwig Hoecker in the Brethren church at German- 
town. Might it not be a legitimate inference that the 
love and reverence for the Holy Scriptures, inculcated 
ill this Sunday-school, was later responsible for the 
ability of Kid. Peter Keyser, the first bishop of the 
Philadelphia church, to repeat the entire New Testa- 
ment from memory? 

If these God-fearing, spiritually-minded men were 
permitted to sit in this interesting assembly today, and 
hear the recital of the fulfillment of their dreams; if 
they could see that every civilized nation on earth has 
banished slavery forever; that the wealth and wisdom 
of the world are uniting their forces to establish peace 
and good-will among men ; that thirty millions of 
American citizens are living in saloonlcss territory; 
that the Emperor of their Fatherland is earnestly en- 
deavoring to inculcate total abstinence; that the little 
press at Germantown has been multiplied a thousand- 
fold, sending religious literature to the ends of the 
earth ; that, with increasing zeal, the church is prose- 
cuting her educational and missionary work, while re- 
maining true to the principles of the fathers, — were 
they permitted to behold the unfolding of their vision, 
at first, like Elijah's cloud, the size of a man's hand, 
now overspreading the heavens, and descending with 
blessings on the heads of the nations, would they not, 
for a time, forget the tears, the prison, and the galley, 
and join with us in a song of praise, — " O, Jehovah, 
thou hast made us glad through thy work ! " 

Royersford, Pa, 



humanity of the statement came to me with deeper 
meaning than f bad ever appreciated. Jehovah was in- 
structing the people as to how they should remember 
his influence in their affairs. He meant for them to 
know that he had a direct relation to the produce of 
their fields. He said their baskets should be blessed. 
Why baskets? Why not grain bags? Why not wag- 
ons? Because the baskets represented something to 
those addressed. They used baskets and knew at 
once what was meant. 

I saw some Filipinos being blessed in their baskets 
the other day. A company of men and women were 
in the field gathering the rice harvest. Rice grows up 
something like wheat or barley, — a straw with fodder 
on it and a head of grain on the top. These people 
were picking the heads, almost one by one, and depos- 
iting them in the basket, which was worn in front, 
tied around the waist. The baskets hold about a peck 
or a peck and a half. They are made of bamboo, of 
which immense quantities grow all over the Philip- 
pines. In every community will be found old men 
who are expert makers of bamboo baskets. Some of 



the baskets are trimmed with black vines and embroid- 
ered around the edges. They are real works of art. 

When God told the people of Israel that they should 
be blessed in their baskets they understood exactly 
what he meant, — blessed in their harvests. I have 
heard people 'say that God cares nothing about whether 
the harvests are good or not. It is noticeable, how- 
ever, that when a country is threatened with a time 
of starvation,— due to lack of harvests, — those people 
wonder why the Lord does not send rain and relieve 
the suffering. He sends the rain on the just and on 
the unjust alike, but the just and the unjust do not 
always turn to say " Thank you," for it, alike. Giv- 
ing of our harvests to the Lord does not in any. way 
remunerate him. He has no debt against us for the 
rains which he sends. But the man who gives of his 
substance makes himself more of a man by the very 
act of doing " Thank you." 

Remember to do your gratitude to the Lord, and 
your baskets will not go empty and your bread pans 
shall have enough for your needs. 

Cuyo, Palawan, P. I. 



Thoughts on the Sacraments 

A Series of Discussions 

By H. J. Harnly 



Baskets. 

BY W. O. BECKNER. 
Number One. 
Deuteronomy 28: 5 contains this short but beau- 
tiful statement : " Blessed shall be thy basket and thy 
kneading-trough." 1 was struck with the singular sig- 
nificance of this, recently, in watching some native 
Filipinos harvest rice. Something of the realness and 



No. 1. — Introduction. 

Jn this scientific, somewhat materialistic age, — a 
time when knowledge of all kinds multiplies rapidly, 
and wdien men's faith and beliefs are being shaken to 
the very foundation, requiring constant readjustment, 
— it has become necessary to examine anew our faith 
and doctrine. Lament it as we may, with many think- 
ing persons it no longer suffices to show that this or 
that is commanded in the Bible, for the very founda- 
tions of the Bible itself are questioned. 

Formal religion, especially, is suffering, because 
obedience has been based upon authority rather than 
reason, and observance of forms has been too often 
barren of fruits. This is a practical age, a pragmatic 
age. Men are continually asking, " What difference 
does it make? How will I be different by believing 
this or that philosophy, by observing this or that ordi- 
nance ? " Many of us have come to the place where 
' we must be shown that there is more in the sacraments 
than we have been accustomed to see, if they are to be 
perpetuated by us. We all know that they are in the 
Bible. ■ From that standpoint it has been proven, again 
and again, that they ought to be observed; but the 
question, " What difference does it make? " is becom- 
ing more and more frequent. A new apology for the 
ordinances has become imperative. 

1 'shall undertake to show that the sacraments, in the 
light of twentieth century science and psychology, are 
scientific and psychological, and consequently practi- 
cal, and that, therefore, they have a place in a practical 
religion. 1 shall show that the sacraments are perfect 
symbols, suggesting the most fundamental principles 
of the kingdom of God, and that, by keeping them, 
by meeting the conditions of the law of the sacrament, 
there comes new life and strength for the practical 
affairs of life and the church, and through these activ- 
ities real growth in character and spiritual power. 
This is a most critical period in the history of forms 
and symbolism in the church. The issue is not, Are 
they or are they not taught in the Bible? Any one 
who reads may know. The real issue is as to, whether' 
they' are really worth while. Do they pay expenses? 
I purpose? to show that the sacraments are perfect 
symbols, adapted to suggest the most fundamental 
principles of the kingdom of God, and, through sug- 
gestion, to change us through and through, so that we 
will have powers of service and sacrifice and piety, 
which wc could not have had otherwise. I purpose to 
show that we may do the ordinances formally without 
receiving an increase of spiritual power; that the 
efficacy lies in the doer meeting and fulfilling the law 
of the ordinances, and that if the blessing does not fol- 
low, it is not because the ordinance has become obso- 
lete, but because the doer has not studied the ordinance 



sufficiently to discover its law, and in failing to meet 
the law has failed to receive the blessing. 

It is not my purpose to raise the question as to what 
are sacraments, or how many; nor is it my purpose to 
prove, by the Scriptures, that certain ordinances and 
sacraments, that are not universally kept by religious 
bodies, must be kept. It is my purpose to assume the 
pertinency of the ordinances of the New Testament, 
as kept by the Church of the Brethren, and to show 
that they are adapted to our wants and needs, and that, 
in the keeping of them, there is great reward. 

I am not interested in those who are seeking how 
little they may do and be and still be saved. I am in- 
terested in those who desire the highest and largest 
possible Christian powers and development. 

At times and in places the ordinances have become 
too much of a fetish. The mere doing of them has 
been made meritorious, a tendency towards Catholi- 
cism, arfd so, in part, they have lost their power and 
have come into disrepute. 

I shall not raise the question whether one may 
be saved without keeping the sacraments. That is not 
my business. It is my business to show that the sacra- 
ments may be made a real factor in the development 
of the religious life and character, — that they are real 
means of grace. 

It is fundamental that we should have an under- 
standing of what we mean by " science," — " to be sci- 
entific," — "by the scientific method." The scientific 
method is a rational method of procedure in the search 
for truth. It demands, first, honesty and integrity. 
In a scientific search we can not take sides. We must 
lie free from bias and prejudice. We must be willing 
to follow truth where it leads. Are we afraid to have 
our faiths or beliefs put to the severest tests ? There 
must be some doubt of their validity and an unwilling- 
ness to give them up, should they fail to stand the test. 
Truth never suffers by the most critical searchings and 
testings, but stands out all the clearer for the testing. 

Science is not, necessarily, based upon proofs, but 
postulates, axioms, facts, perceptions, intuitions. 
These the mind accepts of necessity. Nor does sci- 
ence solve all mystery. The most tremendous mystery 
in the world is life, and the most tremendous life is 
Christ. Would it be scientific or rational to deny life 
because of its mystery ? r No more rational is it to 
deny Christ or the sacraments. Nor can we rule faith 
out of the scientific method. In fact, science and the 
scientific method are impossible without faith. The 
very order and sequence, the constancy of the sequence 
is accepted by faith. 

Experiment, — putting hypotheses, theories and laws 
to the most careful tests, — is fundamental in the sci- 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 3, 1914. 



entific method. So Christ is scientific when he says: 
" If any man will do his will, he shall know of the doc- 
trine, whether it be of God, or whether I speak of my- 
self." Not denying Christ, but putting him to the 
test ; not denying the sacraments, but putting them to 
the test; not a priori denial, but practical testing is 
scientific. 

In science the competent witness and authority is 
the one who has put the principle, the law, the form- 
ula, to the practical test. Just so in scientific religion, 
tlje competent witness is .the one who has put Christ 
and his teachings to the practical test. Practical testi- 
mony is authoritative and final. If faith in. God and in 
the Christ, living the Christ-life, doing the command- 
ments of Christ, does not produce the highest and sub- 
limest type of life and character, then it will be scien- 
tific to deny Christ. If it can not be shown that the 
doing of the sacraments under test conditions, — that 
is, doing them by meeting the conditions of the law of 
the sacraments, — results in increased spiritual life and 
power, then the sacraments are nonscientific, and can 
have no place in a rational religion. On the other 
hand, if it can be shown that living the Christ-life and 
doing the commandments results in the highest type 
of character, then no one who refuses to do the com- 
mandments, of Christ, and to live the Christ-life, can 
be considered scientific in his practical life, for to be 
scientific, one must conform his life to the law of 
"truth. 

Some Christians, especially the- younger ones, seem 
to fear being considered " behind the times." Now. 
conforming to the law of spiritual life and character 
is to be scientific and fully up with the times, — yes, 
ahead of the times. A scientific sacrament is a practi- 
cal, rational sacrament; one which, as a means, is 
adapted to occasion the end sought. Now the end 
sought is spiritual life and character,— true religion. 
It is our purpose to put the practical, scientific, prag- 
matic test to the sacraments, and by this test to de- 
termine their validity. 
McPherson, Kans. 

Christian Science Versus Christianity. 

BY CIIAS. M. YEAROUT. 
"Prove all things; hold fast that which is good." 

Jesus Christ is the Founder and Lawgiver of the 
Christian 'religion (John 1 : 17; 8: 32; 14: 6). Mrs. 
Mary Eddy is the founder and lawgiver of Christian 
Science. Jesus Christ is the Leader and Commander 
of the Christian church (Isa. 55: 4). Mrs. Eddy is 
the leader and commander of the Christian Scientists. 
The Christians go to God's Word, as revealed in 
Christ, for their faith and practice. The Christian 
Scientists go to " Science and Health, with Key to the 
Scriptures," and other works of Mrs. Eddy, for their 
faith and practice. Many of Mrs. Eddy's interpreta- 
tions of the Bible are directly opposed to the plain 
teachings of God's "Word. Many of the fundamental 
doctrines and principles of the Christian faith, as out- 
lined by the plan of salvation by Christ, are entirely 
ignored in the writings of the founder and leader of 
Christian Science. 

Christian Science literature, written by Mrs. Eddy, 
is being sent all over the world as the Gospel. 
" Through the wisdom and foresight of our revered 
leader, Mrs. Eddy, practical and efficient means for 
obeying the Master's command (' Go ye into all the 
world, and preach the Gospel to every creature ') are 
provided in the Christian Science periodicals." " There 
are numberless instances where those toiling under 
heavy burdens of sickness and sorrow have found a 
sure release through the blessed ministration of Chris- 
tian Science, and the first touch of this - healing Gospel 
came to them through one of the Christian Science pe- 
riodicals."— Christian Science Sentinel, page 02$, un- 
der " Preaching the Gospel." Why not carry the Gos- 
pel plan of salvation, as delivered by Christ to the 
people, instead of the writings of Mrs. Eddy? Yes, 
why not? 

There is no salvation in the proclamations of Mrs. 
Eddy for the people; for we read: "But though we, 
or an angel from heaven, preach any other Gospel unto 
you than that ye have received, let him be accursed " 



(Gal. 1:8,9; Dent. 4:2; 12: .52; 13: .! ; Rev, 22: IS, 
19). 

Jfcsus says, " I am the way, the truth, and the life: 
no man cometh unto the Father, but by me" (John 
14: (»). In denying the material part of God's crea- 
tion, the Christian Scientist denies the clear narrative 
of God's creation of the earth, as given in the Bible. 
" There is no life, truth, intelligence, nor substance in 
matter. All is infinite mind and its infinite manifes- 
tation, for God is All in all." — Science and Health. 
Page' >6S.. 

According to Bible teaching, man is a dual being, — 
body and spirit, outward and inward man. The out- 
ward' or material part of man is just as real and as 
much the creation of God, as is the soul or spiritual 
part. The one part is mortal ; the other, immortal, 
The one is subject to decay, but not to annihilation; 
the other is indestructible, but to stale that " all is in- 
finite mind," is far from the truth. 

Again. Christian Science teaches that "evil is un- 
real." If it is unreal, then evil is only imaginary, and 
does not exist at all, except in the deluded imagina- 
tion. From this conclusion there is no escape. Per- 
haps it would be a blessed thing for the sinful world if 
this false teaching could be true, but it is impossible. 
" Mrs. Eddy founds her teachings upon some certain 
Scriptural axioms, from which she formulates or ad- 
duces her theories or rules, to the practical applica- 
tion of which, in the problems of life, she leaves the 
proof of their truth. The Scriptures declare that God 
made everything that was made; that everything* he 
made was good, ' and without' him was not anything 
made that was made.' These axioms are accepted and 
professed by all Christian churches. Mrs. Eddy, how- 
ever, was the first to deduce from them that if God 
made anything, and made everything good, he there 
fore did not make evil; and, as he made everything 
that was made, evil was not made and therefore docs 
not exist." — Christian Science Sentinel, page p-?5, un- 
der " Unreality of Evil." 

The above certainly seems logical, hut let us in- 
vestigate. It may be that somebody has been meddling 
and tampering with God's creation, since it came pure 
and perfect from his creative power. If everything 
had been left as God made it, it would be pure and 
good today. There was no evil during the time of 
creation, and everything made was good; but a great 
many things exist today that did not exist in creation. 

God made everything good, therefore God never 
made a prostitute, but does tl*at prove that there are 
no prostitutes today? Are they virtuous and is their 
lewdness only imaginary? God made.everything good, 
therefore God never made a liar, but does that prove 
that there are no liars in the world today? God made 
everything good, therefore God never made thieves, 
but does that prove that thieves do not exist today? 
God made everything good, therefore God never made 
a murderer, but does that prove there are no mur- 
derers in the world today? God made everything 
good, therefore God never made the devil, but floes 
that prove that the devil does not exist today? 

God made the women that became prostitutes. God 
made the, men that became liars, thieves and murder- 
ers. God made the angel or being that became the dev- 
il. God never made the drunkard, but men, by drink- 
ing the distilled product of the grain and fruits that 
God originally made, do become drunkards. The 
devil is the author or creator of evil (John 8: 44; 2 
Peter 2:4; Tude 6). Those who commit sin do evil, 
— are under the power and influence of the devil, — and 
.they are brought under his power by obeying him 
rather than God (Gen. 3: 1-6; Matt. 13: 38; 2 Cor. 
11 : 3. 4; 1 John 3: 8). Evil in all its phases is either 
directly or indirectly the result of false teaching and 
bis disobedience, and Mrs. Eddy comes far short of 
teaching all the truth. 

Christian Scientists seem to be more interested in, 
and put forth greater effort to counteract and heal, the 
infirmities and diseases of the body than they do 
those- of the soul. People may go to heaven whose 
bodies are enfeebled and weakened by disease in this 
life, but people whose souls are defiled with sin can 
" not go to heaven. The purification of the soul or 
•' inner man " with the Gospel means, provided in 



Christ, is of far greater value than the healing of the 
physiea] ailments. 

Mrs, Eddy's leachings have a tendency to keep 
her followers from obeying Christ. If she had taught 
the plan of salvation, as delivered by Christ, then she 
would have been an agent of God, leading people to 
follow Christ, Much more good could be accom- 
plished by teaching the people to repent or turn away 
from their sins, than falsely teaching that sin — evil — 
does in>t exist. This false teaching has a tendency to 
cause people to continue in their sins, instead of break- 
ing away from their sins, 

It is evident that while God made no railroads, 
huill uo cities and constructed no ships, he did make 
everything constituting this earth, for we are told that 
" without him was nol anything made that was made," 
therefore railroads, cities and ships do not exist. Is 
not this logical ? But somebody else did make all 
these, and a host of other things that did not exist 
in creation. Mrs. Eddy's writings are doing the peo- 
ple much barm in causing them to follow her, instead 
of following Christ. 



McPHERSON, KANSAS. 

Nov. 23 Eltl. .1. \V. Lear, of Decatur, 111., accompanied 
by Ins wife, came n> conduct a scries of meetings for us. 
He preached twenty-four sermons and officiated at our 
love Feast, held Dec, 13. Nine snuls were added to our 
number by baptism. Among the applicants was tlic wife 
of a promising young minister, who is attending school 
liere. Brother and Sister l.car arc earnest defenders of 
the principles of, the Gospel. Their faithful efforts, while 
in our midst, will result in much good. A word of appre- 
ciation is Aut: Brethren Studebaker and Rowland for the 
excellent manner in which they conducted the song serv- 
ice. 

At a Inisincss meeting, Nov, 24, eight letters of membcr- 
ship were received, "11 Thanksgiving Day we had a 
good sermon by bin. Lear. An offering of $28 was made 
to. the Cliilil Rescue work, On Sunday evening, Dec. 14. 
our Sunday-school, under the efficient leadership of our 
superintendent, Prof. E. I.. Craik, rendered a Christmas 
program, Views <•'. the birthplace and early life of the 
Ohrist-cffild were shown on canvas, accompanied by ap- 
propriate .reading and music, lint the real purpose of this 
service was to afford an opportunity to both old and young 
to exercise the true Christmas Spirit in giving to Christ's 
needy ones. At the close of the exercises a number of 
Imys retired In a room where gifts had been stored, and 
came back with packages of food, clothing, toys, etc. 
These, together with a cash offering of $24.85, were sent 
to the South St. Joseph, Wichita, Hutchinson and Denver 
churches. I. aura E. Folger. 

Mcl'hersnn. Kans,. Dec. 16, 



HUTCHINSON MISSION, KANS. 

Sunday evening, Dec. 14, we closed a two weeks' revival, 
conducted by Bro.. David Pctre, of Hagcrstown, Md. The 
attendance was not large, but Bro. Pctre preached the 
Gospel with convicting power. One young lady desired 
I., unite with the Church of the Brethren, but the folks 
with whom she maizes her home objected emphatically. 
Bro. Petrc gave a number of doctrinal talks which were 
timely and much appreciated. 

One lesson we have already learned in our city mission 
work is patience. There are many problems to solve and 
we can only work them out by Divine Guidance. There 
are about sixteen members scattered through this city of 
20.000 souls. The majority of them are aged people, and 
unable to do active work. Only about six out of this 
number lake a part in Sunday-school work as teachers or 
as superintendent. During the hot weather our Sunday- 
school attendance averaged about forty and now it is 
around seventy. We arc in need of more teachers. In my 
primary class I hail twenty-three last Sunday, and many 
more than that are enrolled. 

l! there are those in the Brotherhood who are looking 
for a place to locate where they can have large opportuni- 
ties, both in Sunday-school and church work, Hutchinson 
is a place for them to come. If a few families of active 
members would move in, it would form a nucleus around 
which to build, and the building up of the church would 
be greatly facilitated. Our Sunday-school is our main 
stronghold here, yet our church attendance has been in- 
greasing slowly during the five months in which we have 
labored at this place. One of the greatest needs is^ a 
strong, permanent worker. There is a large opportunity 
for some one who will locate here and devote his life to 
the upbuilding of the cause of Christ. 

J'ray for our mission at this place. Pray that the Lord 
may seud workers into this needy field. There are also 
many poor who need help. If you are interested further, 
write us and we will gladly give you any information with- 
in our power. R- C. Flory. 
721 East Eighth Street. j 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 3, 1914. 



THE ROUND TABLE 



Love's Chief Work. 

BY J, G, ROVES. 
Love's chief work is lo discover good, not evil. 
One who constantly points out defects in others, even 
though claiming, as is so often the case, that it is done 
" in love," has not yet caught the root principle of love. 
Pointing out evil in others may be love at work, but it 
is love at its worst, not at its best employment, 

It was said of a well-known, saintly Christian work- 
er: "Because love was the contiolling force of his 
life, his energies went out always as a builder, never 
as a destroyer." He destroyed evil, of course, but he 
did it by building up the good. 

To do its building work, love must be able to see. 
and recognize the materials for building, and that is 
just where true love's peculiar power lies. Love sees 
good in others where " unlove," — so to speak, — sees 
only faults. Then love lays hold upon the good it sees 
in such an eager and tactful manner that .the power 
of the good is increased and multiplied under love's 
warmth. Love draws a veil over the faults of oth- 
ers as far as it can, consistent with duty. We do thus 
with our own faults, and love would teach us to do 
thus by the faults of others. 

Love is ever ready to believe the best of every per- 
son, and will credit no evil of any one, but on the 
most positive evidence. It rejoices not in the failings 
of others. Their weaknesses are a grief to the spirit 
of true love. 

When there is no place left for believing good, then 
love comes in with its hope for good. It neither loves 
the wrong nor the fact that the wrong has been done. 
How lovely a something would Christianity appear to 
the world, if those who profess it were more actuated 
and animated by this Godlike grace on which its bless- 
ed Author laid so chief a stress! When true Chris- 
tian love shall occupy its appropriate place in the 
heart of every professed child of God, then this world 
will speedily be com cried to Christ, the Savior of the 
world. 

If we would grow in love, — the kind of love Jesus 
brought into the world, — we must set about building it 
into the lives of our brethren, yea, into the lives of all 
who are round about us. 

" Let brotherly love continue." " In love of the 
brethren, be tenderly affectioncd one to another " (R. 
V.). "See that ye love one another with a pure 
heart fervently." 

Mt. Morris. III. 



Our Prayer Meeting. 

BY CHAS. R. OBERUN. 

Our organization consists of a president and a 
committee of one or three. This committee appoints 
leaders for prayer meetings. They are appointed six 
months in advance. Their names are placed on a slip 
of paper, with the date, on which they are expected 
to lead, opposite their names. One of these lists is 
given to each leader. In the absence of a leader, it 
becomes the president's duty to lead the meeting, or 
appoint some one. We think it is best that all leaders 
should be members of the church. 

We open our meetings by singing and a short pray- 
er. Then we spend thirty minutes or more in the 
study of Cod's Word, aiming to cover one chapter at 
each meeting. Each one present, including our neigh- 
bors and friends, is expected to read. 

After the study of the lesson, we spend a short time 
in making requests for prayer. Then we tarry in 
prayer, bearing up before God these requests, and 
tarry long enough for all who are burdened with the 
spirit of prayer, to raise their voices to God. 

We find that the cottage prayer meetings are a very 
good thing in the city, as well as in the country. In 
this way we get acquainted with more people, and can 
touch some people's lives that we could- not reach 
otherwise. * 

Recently we had prayer service in a home of three 
persons. The son is a member of the church, but the 
father and mother are not members. On account of 



the son belonging to the church, we were invited to 
come into this home and hold one of our meetings. 
The mother comes to church occasionally, but the fa- 
ther never does. When we held our meeting in this 
home, the father heard us sing and pray, and even 
helped to read from God's Word, when called upon. 
We feel sure that we did him a little good, at least. 
We went to him, when he would not come to our 
Sunday-school or preaching services. 

It means much to go and bring the message to the 
'people, in these latter days, in order to advance 
Christ's kingdom on earth, and the cottage prayer 
meeting is a valuable auxiliary to the church. 

R. D. 4, Logansport, fnd. 



A Baptismal Scene of " Youth and Old Age." 

BY AMANDA WITMORE. 

Today our hearts were made to rejoice when three 
more were made willing to step out on the Lord's side. 
Gladly they entered the baptismal font, in order to be 
buried with Christ in baptism. 

Two were but boys, aged eleven and thirteen years, 
respectively. Boldly, however, they took a stand for 
Christ. 

The one was attending our series of meetings when 
he became deeply convicted. He told his grandma 
(where he was staying) that he must go home and see 
his brother (Andrew-like) and ask him to come with 
him into church relationship. 

The homeward journey was a distance of 14 miles. 
When he told his brother of his intentions, he was 
ready to go with him. Joyfully they complied with the 
" Great Teacher's will " and were baptized. 

The other one baptized was an aged lady, who came 
from a near by town. She had been brought up in 
the Brethren faith, yet put off serving Christ until the 
age of seventy. She had often been convicted of her 
known duty, and often deeply impressed, but ban- 
ished the wooings of the Spirit from time to time until 
old age came upon her, reminding her that life was fast 
ebbing away, and that procrastination was the thief 
of time. 

When, finally, she hearkened to the Spirit's wooings, 
she realized that, probably, it was the last call. She 
is now rejoicing over the step taken, yet she is not 
without regrets. Most of all she deplores that her in- 
fluence might have been more helpful to her children. 
Her husband was no help to her, as he was no pro- 
fessor of religion, hence she bore a heavy burden for 
many years alone, until she laid it down at her Mas- 
ter's feet, and in submission meekly bowed to his will. 
Now she is rejoicing in the new life that she has en- 
tered through Christ Jesus, to serve him wholly. 

McPhcrson, Kans. 



Lovers of Self. 

BY IDA M. HELM. 

We can not -serve two masters, and if we are lovers 
of self more than lovers of God, we will be more con- 
cerned about selfish things than the things of God. 
Self-lovers keep before them their selfish desires. 
They seek the applause of the world rather^than the 
approval of God. They gratify their covetous heart 
by seeking and selfishly keeping silver, gold, bonds, 
stocks and land. Living in the culture of pride and 
fashion, bowing to her mandates in dress, and wasting 
the precious hours of life in vain display, in adorning 
the body or in decorating the homes wherein we may 
live but a few short years, at most, are all visible in- 
dications of selfishness. 

Ashland, Ohio. 



The Better Life. 

BY D. J. BLOCKER. 

" Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not 
yet appear what we shall be; but we know that when he 
shall appear, we shall be like him" d John 3: 2). 

The Christian life here is only the beginning. Even 
though we are already the son* of God, this is far 
from what we shall be. When Christ appears, we shall 
be like him. Being able " to abide his presence " 
makes us like unto him. While in this life we could 
not look upon Christ in his effulgent glory, and live, 



but in the other life we can behold him in the express 
image of the Father, and live. With all our toiling 
and serving in this life, we only get started. 

It seems strange that we are now the sons of God, 
and yet are not what we may be, and are to be. But 
the Word says so, and we must believe. Each one 
can say that he is glad that by and by we will be more 
than merely a bundle of human entanglements, strug- 
gling to attain unto perfection. The glorious day is 
coming when we drop this robe of mortality. Then 
we shall see our Lord face to face. Then we will 
have lost all of self, but none of our being. Then im- 
mortality will be ours throughout all eternity. 

Pearl City, III. 



Sunday-School Lesson for Jan. 11, 1914. 

The Mission of the Seventy.— Luke 10: 1-24. 

Golden Text. — It is not ye that speak, but the Spirit 
of your Father that speaketh in you. — Matt. 10: 20. 

Time.— Probably November, A. D. 29. This lesson 
likely falls between the two parts of last lesson. 

Place. — It is likely that the seventy were sent out when 
Jesus was in Perea, the country east of the Jordan River. 
At the time of this lesson he may have been in the 
vicinity of Bethabara, where John first baptized. See 
John 10: 40, 41. 



CHRISTIAN WORKERS' TOPIC 



God's Open Path for Every Soul. 

Rev. 22: 17. 
For Sunday Evening, January 11, 1914. 

Entrance Requirements. — (1) A realization that you are 
lost. (2) A proper conception of the one plan of salva- 
tion. (3) A belief in the efficiency of this plan. (4) A ' 
willingness to accept the plan, which implies a hearing - 
ear, a willing- mind, a receptive heart, a confession of sin, 
being baptized, a prayer of faith, a claim on God's prom- 
ises, and an abiding by his will. 

Entrance Method.— Repentance (Acts 17: 30; Matt. 4: 
17; 12: 41, with Jonah 3). Conversion (Acts 22: 3-16; 
17: 25-34). Regeneration (lohn 3: 1-7; Acts 2: 38; Rom. 
6: 3-10). 

The Journey's Blessing.— Salvation (Mark 16: 16; Acts 
4: 10-12;'Rom. 1: 16). Obedience (Philpp. 4: 13; Matt. 
28: 18-20; John 13: 17). Assurance (1 John S: 13; John 
10: 14; Rom. 8: 14-17). 

The Destiny.— Dwelling place (John 14: 1-3). Its de- 
scription (Rev. 21: 1 to 22: 7). Its rewards (Rev. 7: 9- 
12, 15-17). 



PRAYER MEETING 



A Call to Consecration. 

1 Chron. 29: 5 (Latter Clause). 
For Week Beginning January 11, 1914. 

1. Consecration a Personal Matter. — Each one was to 
consecrate his services unto the Lord. He was to act 
for himself in his God-given ability. True consecration 
implies a SURRENDER OF SELF. "First they gave 
their own selves unto the Lord, and unto us by the will 
of God" (2 Cor. 8: 5). Consecration always means serv- 
ice, and may assume different forms. In the case of the 
Israelites of our lesson it took the form of giving, — a very 
practical demonstration. Then, too, labor was given, as 
shown by the united effort in the building of the temple. 
United service has its value, as much so as personal serv- 
ice. Cooperation, — spiritually as well as temporally, — 
brings results. Doing good to others shows our devotion 
to the Lord (Psa. 51: 17; Rom. 12: 1, 2; Deut. 4: 9, 23; 
Prov. 4: 23, 25, 26; 1 Cor. 16: 13; 1 Peter 1: 13). 

2. Service to Be Rendered Willingly.— God wants VOL- 
UNTEERS; only the free-will offering is acceptable to 
him. "Then the people rejoiced, for that they offered 
willingly; because with perfect heart they offered willingly 
to the Lord 1 ' (1 Chron. 29: 9). The purest joy of the 
heart comes from unselfish service (Psa. 42: 1; 96: 2, 3, 10; 
Matt. 5: 13-16). 

3. Service to Be Rendered Heartily. — David could well 
cite the people to his own example, for he had not given 
to the Lord meager, stinted service. He says, " Moreover 
I have set my affection to the house of my God." ^Con- 
secration to a high aim gives power to a human life, the 
motto being, "THIS ONE THING I DO" (Eccl. 9: 10; 
Dan. 12: 3; 1 Cor. 14: 12; l'Cor. 15, 581. 

4. Something to Be Done at Once.—" THIS DAY,"— 
before the good feeling cools down. Life's supreme mo- 
ment is THE LIVING PRESENT. " Today the Master 
has come and calleth for thee." Eternal issues depend 
upon our immediate decision. Glorious possibilities chal- 
lenge our unremitting consecration. " Choose you this day 
whom ye will serve" (Josh. 24: 15; 1 Kings 18: 21; Rom. 
8: 38, 39; Gal. 5: 1, 10; Eph. 6: 13; Philpp. 1: 27). 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 3, 1914. 



HOME AND FAMILY 



A Hymn for the New Year. 



BY FRANCES RIDLEY HAVERGAL. 
From glory unto glory! Be this our joyous song. 
As on the King's own highway, we bravely march along! 
From glory unto glory! O word of stirring cheer. 
As dawns the solemn brightness of another glad New 

Year. 
From glory unto glory! What great things he hath done. 
What wonders he hath shown us, what triumphs he hath 

won!' 
From glory unto glory! What mighty blessings crown 
The lives for which our Lord hath laid his own so freely 

down! 
The fullness of his blessing encompasseth our way; 
The fullness of his promises crowns every brightening 

day; 
The fullness of his glory is beaming from above, 
While more and more we learn to know the fullness of his 

love. 
And closer yet and closer the golden bonds shall be, 
Uniting all who love our Lord in pure sincerity; 
And wider yet and wider shall the circling glory glow. 
As more and more are taught of God that mighty love to 
know, 
onward, ever onward, from strength to strength we 



Now 



go, 



his fullness 



While grace for grace abundantly shall from I 

flow, 
To .glory's full fruition, from glory's foretaste here. 
Until his very presence crown our happiest New Year. 



The Curtain Falls. 

BY ELIZABETH D. ROSENBERGER. 

In a cave by the seashore lived an old, old woman, 



who was called a sibyl. She was very wise. One day 
/Eneas came to question her. In her cave were many 
leaves on which she wrote with a pen made of an 
eagle's quill. .Eneas read them and found that some 
were warnings for his friends and some foretold 
events. The sibyl placed them in rows on the ledges 
of rock inside the cavern. A fierce wind blew into the 
cave and carried the written leaves away. 
"Save them. O sibyl ! " cried /Eneas. 
" My work is to write, /Eneas. If any man wishes 
his leaf he must come for it before the wind takes it 
away. But no man may have a second leaf. He must 
be here on time." 

"One leaf, one life!" said /Eneas. "I see your 
meaning and go about my work. My ship shall sail 
today. I will rise early each day and be the first in 
all things. Even the winds shall not be quicker than 
I am in the work it is my duty to do." 

This old myth brings to us the lesson .of the dying 
year. One leaf, and one opportunity; if we disre- 
gard it, then it is gone, carried away as the leaves by 
the wind. Not all our searching can bring it back 
again, for it is gone,— gone as are the hours and the 
days of 1913. 

" Now in the end of the flying year- 
Year that tomorrow will not be here. — 
Swiftly and surely, from starry walls, 
Silently downward the curtain falls." 
Slowly the curtain falls over the sorrow, the strife 
and the deeds of weakness, hiding them all from our 
sight. The curtain falls, too, over the gain, the bliss, 
the joy that have made bright the flying hours; all of 
the pageantry of life lies behind this curtain which 
falls at midnight. 

The year is gone as " a tale that is told." and we 
turn away from it with regret. It might have been so 
different ! We look back with vain regret for a time 
and a pleasure which vanished from our sight, for a 
day whose sun has set to rise nevermore. We spent 
many days in misdirected toil ; we had aims which had 
self for their center and scope. Let it go, and begin 
again. But on this last night of the old year we are 
easily discouraged. The shadows of the dying year 
are lengthening over the path at the entrance of the 
new year, and we draw back, half afraid. We are 
still seeking the blu/ bird of happiness, and hoping 
that in some way tomorrow may be better than today, 
but the facts of life are against such a hope. Is it any 



wonder that we linger, half fearing, while the curtain 
of the old year slowly falls? 

" ' I have finished another year," said God, 
' In grey, green, white and brown; 
I have strewn the leaf upon the sod, 
Scaled up the worm within the clod. 

And let the last sun down.' 
'And what's the good of it?' I said." 

Listen to the promise, — it is a certainty,— that, " as 
thy days, so shall thy strength be." And it will hold 
for the coming year. The son of Sirach wrote a re- 
markable verse: " Woe unto him that is faint-hearted, 
for he believeth not and therefore shall he not be de- 
fended." With how many of us is this subtle old He- 
brew's word a truth 1 We do not believe, we do not 
have the all-coriquering faith with which to meet the 
New Year. We are sad and discouraged and we make 
others feel that a danger lurks in the distance. We 
ask, " What is the good of it all ? " The answer to 
this question will not he given in this world. Only 
when we stand before the great white throne and wit- 
ness the blessedness of those who have washed their 
garments and made them white in the blood of the 
Lamb shall we see the good of it all. We are not meant 
to walk with bowed heads and endure an existence of 
dejection, spirit and mind half starved. Believe in 
God and life will mean more and joy will come. Re- 
ligion is that which straightens out the crooked things 
in this world. 

The curtain is falling on the past year. We face 
the new year knowing that some things may be made 
better. Let us say, with .Eneas, " My ship shall sail 
today." Perhaps none of us has risen to our best in 
anything in the past year. We always fell short and 
marred the day or the task by our shortcomings. We 
have but one leaf, one life; let us make it what God 
intended it should be. T.et us set no limits; this is a 
new leaf; make it glorious. In Kipling's verse we 
find the secret of some past failures. We have been 
too easily satisfied ; we stopped too soon. Listen : 

"'There's no sense in going further — it's the edge of 
cultivation.' 
So they said and I believed it— broke my land and 
sowed my crop — 
Built my barns and strung my fences in the little border 
station, 
Tucked away below the foothills, where the trails 
run out and stop, 
Till a voice as bad as conscience rang interminable 
changes 
On one everlasting whisper, day and night repeated— 
so: 
' Something hidden. Go and find it. Go and look be- 
hind the ranges- 
Something lost behind the ranges. Lost and waiting 
for you. Go.' " 
Shall we go and find it? The lost opportunity of 
the past year? We can go forward, and find some- 
thing greater and worthier than we have found in the 
past. Let us do this one thing, " forgetting those 
things which are behind, and reaching forth unto 
those things which are before, press toward the mark 
for the prize of the high calling of God in Christ 
Jesus." 

Covington, Ohio. 



Northwestern Ohio, where I was conducting a school 
of music, one morning I went with the daughter of 
the home into the kitchen. We were singing: 
"Almost persuaded, now to believe; 
Almost persuaded. Christ to receive." 
While singing the direct plea, " Come, come, today," 
I heard a smothered sob, then another, and, looking 
around, I saw tear-drops glistening on the face of 
the girl who was polishing the stove. I looked at her 
a moment, then went over to her and, kneeling beside 
her, said: "Mary, what is the trouble?" Covering 
her face arid weeping, she brokenly replied : " If — 
I — only — could — come — today!" Looking at the 
daughter, we softly resumed our singing. Before the 
stove was completely polished, Mary was " fully per- 
suaded." After a little while her stove shone bright- 
ly, but her face beamed beautifully! 

When sung from hearts beating in sympathy for 
the saving of a hesitating soul, " Almost Persuaded " 
wields a mighty power in aiding that one to clinch 
the decision, almost crystallized into action. 

" I (c who is almost persuaded, is almost saved, and 
to be almost saved, is to be entirely lost," were the 
words with which Mr. Brundage ended one of his 
sermons. P. P. Bliss, the hymn-writer, was in the 
audience and was so impressed with the sentiment 
that his thought quickly resolved itself into this hymn. 
May the Holy Spirit direct those of our Fraternity 
and the: young people in our schools, who are music- 
ally inclined, that they may beautifully consecrate 
their talent in service for Cod. the Author of music! 
Bluffton, Iiul. 



Almost Persuaded. 

BY MARGUERITE BIXLER GARRETT. 

During late years the ministry of gospel song has 
become a telling factor in evangelistic effort. When 
we consider what a precious gift the ministry of 
music is to the church and to the world, we do not 
wonder that wide-awake leaders of evangelism so 
whole-heartedly make definite use of this far-reaching 
missionary agency. 

I believe one reason why my personal work proved 
successful while actively engaged in evangelistic 
song, was the wise and tactful use made of many a 
gospel song, when opportunifjy presented, as well as 
when the opportunity had to be quickly made. Per- 
mit me to state, for the benefit of those who are yet 
"young" in this line of Christian activity, that to 
appear in public, and lead a congregation in song, 
is not the only place in which you can use your talent. 

The following incident may give "courage" to 
some one. While living with a private family in 



Fidelity and Order. 

BY IDA M. HELM. 

The relations, existing in our family life, teach us 
a practical lesson as to the duties involved in our re- 
lations lo Christ. Think of a family in which the 
husband would refuse lo acknowledge his wife, and in 
which he would be ashamed to own his children. 
What about the family in which brother and sister re- 
fuse to acknowledge one another, in which they do 
not work together,- and in which there is no order- 
some working one way, and others in the opposite 
direction? Think of it! In politics,-M>f what value 
is a man who refuses to take a decisive stand, to de- 
clare himself, and to take an aggressive part in the 
struggle? Of what value is a man anywhere who 
will not show his true colors; then, with strong-heart- 
ed fidelity, work out his convictions? 

It is of momentous importance that a professed fol- 
lower of Christ earnestly declare himself; then reso- 
lutely endeavor to uphold the blood-stained banner 
of our King. An empty profession amounts to prac- 
tically nothing. It is as sounding brass. To take a 
determined stand against wrong and unflinchingly 
work for the right, at all times, requires courage, suf- 
fering, and sometimes even death. But Christ made 
it an. indispensable condition of discipleship and, 
whether easy or difficult, we must always be obedient 
to the Divine will. It is a bounden duty we owe our 
Lord always to given unmistakable evidence that we 
are on his side. " For if the trumpet give an uncer- 
tain sound, who shall prepare himself to the battle? 
So likewise ye, except ye utter by the tongue words 
easy to be understood, how shall it be known what is 
spoken ? For ye shall speak into the air. There are, 
it may be, so many kinds of voices in the world, and 
none of them is without signification" (1 Cor. 14: 
8-10). Then, how important that Christians give a 
definite sound in their teaching and their living! 

To all who overcome their timidity, fears and temp- 
tations, and bravely work for Christ, this blessed 
promise is given : " He that overcome* shall thus be 
arrayed in white garments; and I will in no wise blot 
out his name out of the Book of life, and I will con- 
fess his name before my Father, 
gels-" (Rev. 3: 5). Listen, 
shall be ashamed of me and of my words, in this 
adulterous and sinful generation, of him also shall 
the Son of man be ashamed, when he cometh in the 
glory of his Father with the. holy angels " 

38). 
Ashland, Ohio. 



and before his an- 
' Whosoever therefore 



(Mark 8: 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 3, 1914. 



The Gospel Messenger 

Official Organ of tbe Church of the Brethren. 

A Religious Weekly 

Brethren Publishing House 
publishing agent gknf.kal mission hoal(i). 

18 to 24 South Statu Strbht, Elgin, Illinois. 
SUBSCRIPTION '. $1.50 PER ANNUM ,_IN_A I> V A N C ft 

BUITOMfeB, 

Editor, D. L. Miller. „ „ 

Offles Editor. J H Moore. 

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Oomtponaum fcdltors. 

H. B. Brumbaugh Huntingdon, Pa. 

H. C. Early rJ «" n Lalr <U Y. 3 - 

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Business Manager, R. E. Arnold. 

Advisor? Commit tee. 
S. N. McCann, G. W. Lentz, P. R. Keltner. 

WA1I business nnrt communications lutendefl for the paper shuiild 
be addressed to the HKETHKEN PUBLISHING HOUSE. ELGIN, ILL., 
and not lo nny individual connected with it. 

Entered at the Post Office ntElcin. III.. as Second-class Mut ter. 

A Happy New Yeas to all our readers! May 1914 
be fraught with blessings, spiritual and temporal! 

Bro. J. 1-. Guthrie is to lake pastoral charge of the 
Wyandot church, Ohio, beginning his work April 1. 

The District Sunday-school Convention of South- 
em Missouri is to be held in the Cabool church Jan. 
11, at 10 A.M. 

W'irii a corps of able instructors, the Bible Insti- 
tute of Hebron Seminary, Va., will open Jan. 9, and 
continue to Jan. 19. 

The Mission Board of Southern Pennsylvania is 
contemplating the building of a church at Newport, 
where prospects seem to be promising. 

Six souls put on Christ in baptism in the Nettle 
Creek church, Ind., during the meetings held by Bro. 
J. A, Miller, of < iaston, at the White Branch house. 

Bro. George I.. Studebaker is to be with the mem- 
bers of die Donuels Creek church, Ohio, at the New 

Carlisle bouse, in a series of meetings to begin Jan.' 
17. 

Payette Valley church, Idaho, was made to re- 
joice when live of her Sunday-school girls applied for 
church membership. Two members were recently re- 
stored. 

WEST Greentree church, Pa'., secured the services 
of Bro. Jacob L Myers for a revival at Rheems. Six 
made the good confession and others are deeply im- 
pressed. 

" FfVE baptized and one restored " is the report 
from the Kokomo mission, Ind.. where Bro. Elmer 
I'hipps has been conducting an interesting series of 
meetings. 

The members of the Egan church, Cal., are ar- 
ranging to erect a house of worship in the city of 
I lemet in the early spring, and are now endeavoring to 
secure the necessary funds, 

Bro. S. !■.. Decker has been assisting the Williams 
Creek Valley church, Oregon, in a series of meetings. 
So far five have been baptized, and two more are 
awaiting the initiatory rite. 

REFRESHING meetings at the Mount Mope house, 
Chiques congregation, Pa., resulted in six applicants 
for baptism. Brethren A. M. Kuhns and George 
Weaver assisted in these services. 

i In page ten. of ibis issue Bro. D. L. Miller calls at- 
tention to the fact that fraudulent solicitors for alleged 
mission enterprises in the ( )rient are still carrying on 
their work of deception. Be sure to read his article. 
to be prepared for these pretenders, should they visit 
your congregation. 

Of the 3,017 ministers, whose names will be found 
in the Brethren Almanac for 1914, fifty-two reside in 
other countries. Some are in Canada, and others in 
China. India, Denmark, Sweden, Cuba, and the Philip- 
pine Islands. Those in the last named country are en- 
gaged exclusively in teaching. 



Bro. Jos. Amick. at this writing (Dec. 29) is still 
dangerously ill. though a slight improvement is being 
noted, which it is hoped, may continue. 

Cast Sunday we had the pleasure of having with 
us Bro. M. M. Myers, of Bridgewater College, Va. 
I le delivered a much appreciated address at the even- 
ing service. ■ 

A FRUITFUL revival effort in the Oak drove church, 
Okla., was recently carried on by Bro. W. H. Miller, 
of Independence. Kans. Six entered the baptismal 
waters* and two await the initiatory rite. 

The members of the Pleasant Valley church, Ind., 
report an addition of thirteen to their number, during 
the meetings recently held by Bro. David McFadden 1( 
of Smithville, ( >hio, Others are near the fold. 



Bro. Isaac Beery, of Naperville, 111., held a three 
weeks' series of meetings in the town church of the 
North Liberty, Ind., congregation. Six were bap- 
tized, one awaits the rite, and two were reclaimed. 



A SEASON of unusual refreshing has been afforded 
the Markleysburg church, Pa. The riches of everlast- 
ing truth were unfolded by Bro. George Vansickle, re- 
sulting in twenty-nine accessions by baptism and one 
restored. 

The members of the New Salem church, Ind., are 
much gratified with the results of the recent series of 
meetings, conducted by Bro. J. Edson Ulery, of One- 
kama, Mich. Ten enrolled themselves as soldiers of 
the Lord's army. 



Salem church, Ohio, has just closed a most interest- 
ing scries of meetings. By the earnest efforts of Bro. 
Emra Fike, in 1 twenty-one sermons, fourteen were in- 
duced to enter into church fellowship, and are now 
enjoying the favor of pardoning grace. 



Fourteen further accessions to the Sugar Creek 
church, Ohio, are reported, — in addition to the num- 
ber previously noted. This makes a total of thirty- 
three additions during Bro. Berkebile's meetings in 
that congregation. Three of these were reclaimed. 
The members were greatly strengthened. 



It should not be necessary to mention that, as a 
matter of course, all Brethren Sunday-schools should 
use the supplies furnished by the House. They are 
published by authority of Conference, are fully 
adapted to our needs, promotive of our distinctive 
principles, and worthy of the patronage of every 
school. 

We regret to learn that Bro. I. B. Wike, of Hunt- 
ington, Ind., was compelled to suspend his revival ef- 
fort at the Wabash church, same State, owing to a 
serious throat affection. He hopes that proper medi- 
cal treatment may enable him to resume his evangel- 
istic labors, and to fill at least a part of the engage- 
ments previously entered into. 



The installation and consecration services of the 
teachers and officers of the Highland Avenue Breth- 
ren Sunday-school, Elgin, 111., were held last Sunday. 
Mr. Hugh Cork, State Secretary of the "Illinois Sun- 
day School Association, in an able address, impressed 
the salient features of successful work in this impor- 
tant department of church activity. 



At a most successful series of meetings in one of 
the eastern States, the excellent results attained were 
not a matter of chance, but a logical outgrowth of 
well-directed effort." There were fervent prayer meet- 
ings each evening, house-to-house visits by the evan- 
gelist after the apostolic fashion, and personal efforts 
in general. Need we wonder at the spiritual outpour- 



One of the eastern churches, — and not a large one 
at that, — raised over $300 for missions at her recent 
Thanksgiving meeting. This was in addition to the 
Conference offering of over $100. If all churches of 
our Brotherhood could be induced to give with a like 
spirit of liberality, the result would be a mighty up- 
lift for missions, and rich blessings would come to the 
cheerful givers. 



At his recent meetings in Dixon, 111., Bro. W. E. 
West made a strong plea for universal peace. Such 
sermons are always in order and productive of great 
good in moulding sentiment along right lines. 



On Tuesday morning of this week Bro. I. B. Trout 
enters upon his labors in connection with the Bible, 
Missionary and Sunday-school Institute of Western 
Pennsylvania, to be held in the Scalp Level church. 
Jan. 9 he goes to Huntingdon, to assist in a Bible 
Institute, which is to continue until the 17th. 



We are requested to announce that the Bible Term 
of the Elizabeth town College opens Jan. 14, 1914, and 
will continue eleven days. Brethren J. G. Royer and 
T. M. Pittenger will be the special instructors, in ad- 
dition to several members of the college faculty. Bro. 
Jno. Calvin Bright, of Ohio, will preach a series of 
doctrinal sermons. There will be three special pro- 
grams, — Educational, Temperance, Ministerial. 
" Training the Sunday-school Teacher " will be the 
textbook in five classes daily. 



Bro. D. J. Lichty writes us from Riverside Cot- 
tage," Nasik City, India, under date of Nov. 27, as 
follows: "We have now been sojourning here for 
about a mouth, and the Lord has blessed, most won- 
derfully, my recuperation from a severe attack of 
fever. During the first twenty-two days after my 
release from the hospital, I gained twenty-five pounds, 
and my physical strength has improved accordingly. 
It is a great joy to be assured of an early return- to 
the work so dear to our hearts." 



A recent letter from Bro. H. C. Early informs us 
that he and Bro. Royer aimed to leave Shanghai, 
China, Dec. 6, for Colombo, Ceylon. This would 
land them in India by the first of January, if all went 
as expected. Bro, Early says that their six weeks' stay 
in China gave them a good understanding of the needs 
' of our work in that land. As yet we have but two sta- 
tions and a total of thirty-two native members. The 
outlook for the future, however, is encouraging. There 
is great need for, more workers and further equip- 
ment. 

Under date of Dec. 26, Bro. Moore writes us from 

Eustis, Lake Co., Fla., where he is located for the 

winter. He reports that his trip from Elgin to the 

Land of Flowers, last week, was a very pleasant one, 

and that, in our next issue, he may have something to 

say regarding experiences and observations on the 

way. He does not propose to be idle, however, it 

would seem, for he was booked to preach, last Sun- 

i 
day, in Bro. -J. C. Funderburg's neighborhood, a few 

miles out in the country. We trust that the balmy 

clime of Florida may prove congenial to Brother and 

Sister Moore, and bestow upon tnem renewed vigor. 



" Things the District Sunday School Secretary 
Can Do," is the title of the latest booklet published 
by the Sunday School Board. A careful perusal of 
this interesting little treatise will do much .to make 
the work of the District Secretary of greater value to 
the schools within his territory. Many problems that 
puzzle our Sunday-schools can readily be solved by 
the cooperation of. the wide-awake District Secre- 
tary, if he will but equip himself for the work at hand. 
We predict that the booklet will be read with the 
greatest of interest by every Sunday-school worker. 
It is sent free upon application to Brethren Publish- 
ing House, Elgin, III. 



The Temperance Bulletin for the last half of 1913, 
is ready for distribution. It contains twenty-four 
pages, filled with editorials, statistics, questions for 
discussion, recitations, songs, etc., for temperance pro- 
grams, as well as short, splendidly-written messages 
by Brethren D. D. Culler, I. N. H. Beahm, W. H. 
Lichty. Dr. S. B. Miller, Isaac Frantz, S. N. McCann, 
S. S. Blough, Otho Winger, Galen B. Royer, H. C. 
Early. D. L. Miller, Wilbur Stover, T. S. Moherman, 
D. M. Adams and others. The Bulletin is free, and 
all orders will he filled by the Brethren Publishing 
House, here at Elgin. When ordering, enclose post- 
age at the rate of sixty cents for*each hundred copies 
wanted. 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 3, 1914. 



Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow of Our 
Church Paper. 

The opening of a new volume of the Gospel Mes- 
senger gives occasion for a glance at the past, 
thoughts of the present, and hopes for the future. The 
yesterday takes us back to our first church paper, the 
Gospel Visiter, issued in April, 1851. Since then 
two generations have appeared on the stage of human 
action, played well or ill their parts, and have gone to 
the great beyond. The years have fled and we are 
facing the living present today, with increased respon- 
sibilities and ever-widening opportunities for doing 
good in the world. We have enjoyed the manifold 
blessings of Heaven, and, under the fostering and lov- 
ing care of the Great Father, our church paper has 
grown and prospered, its influence for the right has 
increased, its spiritual vision has not grown dim and it 
has become, increasingly, a power for good in the 
world as the yesterdays and todays have merged into 
the tomorrows of life. 

Going back to " yesterday." we find ourselves in the 
loft of an old spring-house, near Poland, Ohio, with a 
floor space of less than 200 quale feet, in which 
were an old-time hand-press, a few cases of type, 
an editorial office and the one man force of the entire 
plant. But that one man had a vision of the future 
and the courage of his convictions of right. In 1849 
ISro. Henry Kurtz sent out circular letters to 
many of the leading members of the church, setting 
forth the importance pf starting a church paper, and 
giving his views on the subject. Some favored and, — 
as is always the case when something new is proposed, 
— others opposed the project. *Tn his first editorial he 
says, " He wished to take file advice of his brethren, 
and the result of the consultation was, that a majority 
of the churches heard from was in favor of the meas- 
ure, or at least a trial, that a respectable number of 
subscribers, more than three hundred, and even pay- 
ment for more than fifty copies was sent in. Thus far 
we felt encouraged." So our good brother, after 
counting the cost, prayerfully considering objections 
and difficulties, and assuming the weighty responsibil- 
ity with high resolve, determined to publish the first 
church paper in our Brotherhood. 

He was impelled to do this from a high sense of 
duty. He shrank from the responsibility, for in re- 
ferring to this he says, " Yet there is one word of God 
staring us in the face, which will deprive us of our 
peace of mind unless we obey it. It is this, ' Therefore 
to him that knoweth to do good, and doeth it not, to 
him it is sin ' (James 4: 17). Consider with us these 
facts. Thousands of presses are daily working in this 
our country, and issuing a multitude of publications, 
' some good, others indifferent, and some, — alas, too 
many, absolutely bad and hurtful. They find their 
way not only into every village but, we may say, into 
every family or cabin of our land. . . . Popular errors 
and the most ingenious counterfeits are brought to our 
very doors, and our children are charmed with the 
same. . . . Should we not use every means in pur power 
to counteract the evil tendencies of our time, and to 
labor, in every possible way, for the good of our fel- 
low-men, and for the glory of- God and his truth as it 
is in Christ Jesus"? For all these years our church 
paper has stood for this high and noble purpose, and 
it is our hope and prayer that for all the tomorrows 
that are to come it may never lower its standard, as 
set up by Bro. Kurtz. 

The mind is so constituted that it realizes size and 
growth only through comparisons and contrasts. Much 
of the New Testament teaching is done by drawing 
contrasts. The following comparisons are made from 
the yesterday and today of our church paper. 

Yesterday there was but a spring-house loft in an 
Ohio country district, with contracted floor space for 
editorial, composing, press and mailing room all in 
one. Today the Brethren Publishing House at Elgin, 
111., has a floor space of 52,000 square feet, with three 
times more space for editorial rooms than was con- 
tained in the whole spring-house loft. 

Yesterday a sixteen-page monthly, one volume con- 
taining barely seven thousand square inches of printed 



matter. Today the Gospel Messenger, with about 
one hundred and twenty-five thousand square inches 
of good, readable articles. 

Yesterday a lew cases of type for all work. Today 
four linotypes, with lingers of steel and brass, pro- 
ducing lines of type more accurately and faster than 
thirty compositors could do the same amount of work. 

Yesterday there was but a one-man hand-power 
press. Today there arc nine great electric power cyl- 
inder presses, capable of making one hundred and 
eighty thousand impressions in twenty-four hours. 

Yesterday one man did all the work of the Publish- 
ing House. Today, during the busy season, as many 
as one hundred and fifty people are employed about 
the work of the House. 

Yesterday there was hut a list of over three hun- 
dred, with fifty paid subscribers. Today there is a 
subscription list of thirty-five thousand names. 

Yesterday but one paper was sent out. Today we 
are sending out ten publications, with a combined cir- 
culation of 220,000 copies. 

Yesterday it required almost five hundred pounds 
of paper lo complete one volume of our church pa- 
per. Today, with our present list, it would take one 
hundred and thirty tons for the Messenger alone for 
a single year. We use fifty-two car loads of paper a 
year for our printing and binding operations. 

Yesterday the entire business of the House almost 
reached the sum of five hundred dollars a year. To- 
day the business of the House overlaps the half million 
dollar mark by a handsome figure. 

Yesterday there was but the one man for editor, 
business manager, foreman, compositor, pressman and 
janitor. Today we have editors, — assistant and asso- 
ciate, — one on the other side of the globe at this writ- 
ing, with stenographers and typewriters, with business 
manager and assistant, and with a foreman in each de- 
partment. 

Yesterday's entire receipts would have to be doubled 
and a few hundred dollars added to pay the salary of 
one of our editors, today. 

Yesterday the House was a private enterprise, un- 
der personal control. Today it is owned and con- 
trolled by the church, and every individual member is 
an equal owner of all the stock of the House. 

Yesterday the profits of the publishing business 
accrued' to private individuals. Today every penny of 
profit goes into two funds, — the missionary and the 
fund to support aged and infirm ministers and mis- 
sionaries. In the last seventeen years these funds 
have received many thousand dollars from the profits 
of our publishing interests.. 

Reading thus far, and realizing, to its fullest extent, 
the growth and development of our church paper and 
our publishing interest, and with it the growth of the 
church, one may well desire to pause right here and 
thank God for what he has wrought through the in- 
strumentality of His people, for it must always be 
borne in mind that to no one man or group of men in 
the church does the credit belong for what has been 
accomplished. The membership of the church, who 
so nobly stood by the enterprise and gave it hearty 
support, are deserving hearty commendation, but 
above all and beyond all is praise due the Lord for 
what he has done for us. " Oh that men would praise 
the Lord for his goodness, and for his wonderful 
works to the children of men." 

And what of tomorrow? That will be what, under 
the blessings of God, the church makes it. If we 
stand united in Christ and in the unity of the Spirit, 
God has great things in store for us. Let there be no 
falling out among ourselves. It is said that two of 
Nelson's officers had a quarrel on the eve of a great 
naval battle. The Commander overheard their bicker- 
ings and, pointing to the enemy's ships, looming up on 
the distant horizon, said, "Yonder is your enemy ; fight 
him and let there be no quarrel among you ! " The 
enemy we have to fight will require all our energy, and 
let none be spent in a quarrel among ourselves. 

The yesterdays brought their changes and the to- 
morrows will bring theirs. The work of the Brum- 
baugh^, Moore and Miller is almost done, as is that of 
those of yesterday, Brethren Kurtz, Quinter, R. H. 



Miller and others, who worked nobly and well in their 
day and generation. Younger and abler men, it' is 
sincerely hoped, are to lake the places of the aged on 
the editorial staff at an early day. Those of us whose 
work is almost done will lay it down, hoping and pray- 
ing that more and better work for the morrows to 
come will be accomplished than was possible in the 
yesterdays now gone forever. 

The constant aim has been in the past, and will be 
in the future, to keep our church paper true to the 
high aim and purpose for which it was founded. " Set 
for the defense of the Gospel." has not been an un- 
meaning phrase in the management of the Messenger. 
It must not become so in the future. There is still 
much work to be done. A great future is spread out 
before the church and her paper. In every line of 
gospel advance the editorial staff is intensely inter- 
ested. The Educational, Missionary, Sunday-school, 
Christian Workers, Temperance and Peace Boards, 
and all other phases of lawful endeavor, carried for- 
ward by the church, have the fullest sympathy and 
support of the MESSENGER and its writers. As these 
different movements arc wisely directed and grow, so 
will (he borders of /ion be enlarged. Neglect the 
proper moulding of these influences, and the church 
must suffer. 

We are a plain people, endeavoring to live and make 
the simple life a practical entity in the world. Shall 
the simple life be maintained in tile church? If so, 
then much leaching will be required. Get the principle 
of the simple life into the hearts of the people and the 
question will be settled for a single generation at least. 
But each generation must be taught anew and so the 
teachings of today must be given again and again on 
all the tomorrows of the future. " For precept must 
be upon precept, precept upon precept ; line upon line, 
line upon line; here a little, and there a little." 1 

The city problems of yesterday have become the 
country problems of today. How shall we save the 
country churches and build up die waste places of 
Zion is one of the live questions of today and it must 
be met. and met wisely and well. Back to the country 
will become the cry of the future. 

Our church paper stands today, as it has stood from 
the first, for the Inspired Word of God. ft has no 
disposition to give place to the so-called New The- 
ology and New Thought of the modem higher de- 
structive criticism, which is leading many of its fol- 
lowers into positive infidelity. The late Dr. James 
Orr, of whom it was said be commenced to turn the 
tide from destructive criticism to conservatism, says: 
" When 1 am asked, as I sometimes am, which of the 
articles of the evangelical faith I am prepared to part 
with al the instance of modern thought, and in the 
interest of a reconstructed theology, I answer, with 
fullest confidence, ' None of them.' . . . This word 
' traditional ' does not alarm me. It is a ' traditional ' 
belief that the sun rises and sets, that the tides ebb and 
flow at regular intervals, that fire burns and water 
drowns "and bread nourishes, that wheat produces 
wheat, and barley, barley : . . . but we are not going to 
change our belief in these things because they have 
been long and commonly believed. The old constella- 
tions in the heaven are ' traditional.' but they will be 
moved from their places as soon as the truths of this 
old Gospel. My ground for this confidence simply is, 
that they are in the Bible, and that the world can 
never do without them." 2 

And so. as we think of the tomorrows to come, we 
have bright hopes for the future of the church and 
our church paper. Its work is only beginning and will 
be carried on to a greater success in the tomorrows 
than has marked its progress in the yesterdays. We 
have trusted God for all the past and we may safely 
trust him for the days yet to come. We thank our 
readers for the hearty support given to all our period- 
icals in the past, and crave their prayers and earnest 
cooperation for the future. Upon your help and 
efforts depends the success of the work. We have the 
confidence that you will help us and our successors 
to carry our work to a higher degree of success than 
has been as yet attained. Let us " highly resolve," as 



'Isa. 28: 10. 

■Sunday School Times. November 29, 



10 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 3, 1914. 



we enter upon the coming year, to make it, under 
God's blessing, one of the very best in our lives, in un- 
selfish service for those about us and for him who 
suffered and died and rose again for us. d. l. M. 



Our Visit to the Foreign Mission Fields. 

No. 5.— Liao Chou— The Work— The Workers. 
Liao Chou is the southern station of the Brethren 
Chinese Mission. It is an old city of about 2,500 in- 
habitants, including the little clusters of buildings out- 
side the wall, all Chinese except our missionaries. 
Many of the buildings show marks of great age; the 
wall, also. It is mostly a dirt wall, and at places it has 
crumbled away until the top is scarcely wide enough 
for a footpath. This we discovered yesterday even- 
ing, when we walked it from the West Gate clear 
around to the South Gate. The city is built in the 
angle of two rivers, whose junction is -on the south- 
west side. On this aide the city is skirted by a strip 
of verdant, low ground, while the beautifully-terraced 
mountains rise in the near distance all around, giving 
an entrancing picture. 

It is a city of temples. Each of the three great re- 
ligions of China, — Confucianism, Taoism, and Bud- 
dhism, — has its temples, so much so that it may be said 
the city is wholly given to idolatry, though the temples 
show neglect and decay. We spent some time in the 
temples, and will have more to say on this subject 
later on. The Confucian Hall of Learning and the 
Confucian Temple were once magnificent buildings, 
with the most splendid courts, but now they are neg- 
lected and falling down. These have no images, or 
gods, only tablets to the memory of their great ones in 
which one of their three souls is thought to abide. It 
is believed that each person has three souls, and after 
death one is in the tomb, one in the tablet (if one is 
provided), and one in hades. In the Confucian Tem- 
ple, in the center of the tablets is a very large one to 
Confucius. The most of the other temples show de- 
cay, also. It is hut an acknowledgment of the on- 
ward inarch of our blessed Christianity. 

The work here is young. It began in June, 1912, so 
that it is only about a year an/1 a half old. It was 
started by Bro. Hilton, with a little help by a native 
brother. Already seven have been baptized, — all men. 
The women are exceedingly hard to reach. 

The work follows several lines. It is the evangelis- 
tic, Sunday-school, boys' school, opium refuge work, 
personal work by the sisters in the homes among the 
native women, and the general personal work. Sev- 
eral other lines are being planned, to be opened later. 
A girls' school is to be opened as soon as Sisters 
Hutchison and Cripe consider themselves ready for it, 
and since this station now has a physician, medical 
work is to be begun. It is planned also to enlarge the 
present lines of work, since the working force on the 
field has been increased. 

Last Sunday we attended first the Sunday- school 
class, composed of about twenty boys, then the preach- 
ing service at eleven. The meetings are held in a 
chapel, seating fifty, probably. It was crowded to an 
overflow. A few seats were in the court, where a 
number sat, Bro. Bright read the first seventeen and 
the last ten verses of Matthew 5, and then preached 
from the last verse. Good attention was given to the 
Word. The natives are so ignorant that it is difficult 
to present the Word within their comprehension, but 
it seemed that Bro. Bright found a point of contact; 
preaching every Sunday, though it could be on any 
other day just as well, so far as the Chinese are con- 
cerned, for they know no Sabbath. 

In the afternoon Bro. Royer spoke to the people 
through Bro. Bright as interpreter, followed by a few 
remarks by myself, which was my first experience in 
talking through some one else. Bro. Royer has had 
considerable experience in it, does it without difficulty, 
and his sermon was much appreciated. He also spoke 
effectually to the congregation at Ping Ting Chou. 

The Boys' School at present has twenty-one boys, 
with two teachers, one of them a Christian, but not a 
member of the Brethren church. It is a pity we can 
not have teachers of our own number, but we must 
wait, and in the meantime do the next best thing. The 



teachers are paid .$7.50 and $4.00 per month, respec- 
tively. The boys are poor, some of them orphans, but 
a number are especially bright looking. The mission 
takes care of them for the most part. A few of them 
pay a small amount monthly, while others are so poor 
that they must be supplied with tuition, board and 
clothing, all free. But here lies the hope of the work. 
It is equally essential that there should be a girls' 
school. The older people are fixed; not many of them 
change; but the children can be trained away from 
idolatry to Christianity. 

The medical work will add greatly to the general 
success of the mission. Just as soon as Bro. Brubaker 
gets the language, regular work will be opened in his 
field. In fact, some medical work will be done while 
he is getting the language. An hour or two a day, at 
a fixed time, may be given to it, and the doctor does not 
object to this plan, I am glad to say. It can easily be 
a relief from the study of Chinese characters. And, 
besides adding greatly to the general interest of the 
cause, it is a protection to the missionaries themselves 
to have a" good physician at the station, for it takes six 
days to get the nearest competent physician to them. 
I am wondering how many of the good people at home 
would be willing for the cause of Christ to live six 
days from a physician, besides other sacrifices. 

Bro. J. Homer Bright and wife and Sisters Winnie 
Cripe and Anna Hutchison have been here two years. 
They have acquired the language so that they are in 
active work, but they are still studying the language. 
Since Bro. Hilton and family have gone home, Bro. 
Bright is doing all the preaching. He speaks readily. 
The sisters are teaching regularly, also, and seem to 
be able to express themselves without difficulty, though 
rhe Chinese language is considered hard to get. 

Much interest centered in the location of the new 
missionaries coming to this field this year, because 
two of them are physicians. It was the sense of the 
workers here that Dr. Brubaker and family should lo- 
cate at Liao Chou, inland from the railroad about 
eighty miles. After due consideration and prayer, the 
doctor gracefully accepted the appointment, his good 
wife fully uniting with her husband. And so, what 
some supposed might be a delicate matter, was settled 
to the full satisfaction of all concerned; and now, all 
are happy, looking forward for the blessing of our 
Father in heaven upon them and their work- And 
may it be so! 

There are now six workers at this station, four of 
them with two years' experience. They are a fine, 
capable set in every way, a band of Christian am- 
' bassadors for whom the home church should thank 
God. And the church can feel that she is well repre- 
sented in this little body of missionaries. h. c. e. 



Some Serious Departures. 

There are those among us who think that the Mes- 
senger is just a little too outspoken in its opposition 
to certain innovations. Let such read how Rev. L. W. 
Munhall, M. A., D. D., in his book oh " Methodism 
Adrift " takes his own people to task regarding their 
departures from time-honored customs and principles. 
We quote from pages 38 and 39: 

" Do not Methodists, in violation of God's Word 
and their own discipline, dress as extravagantly and 
as fashionably as any other class? Do not the ladies, 
and often the wives and daughters of the ministry, 
put on ' gold and pearls and costly array ' ? Would 
not the plain dress, insisted upon by John Wesley, 
Bishop Asbury, and worn by Hester Ann Rogers, 
Lady Huntingdon, and many others, equally distin- 
guished, be now regarded in Methodist circles as 
fanaticism? Can any one, going into the Methodist 
church in any of our chief cities, distinguish the attire 
of the communicants from that of the theatre and 
bail-goers? Is not worldliness seen in the music? 
Elaborately dressed and ornamented choirs, who, in 
many cases, make no profession of religion and are 
often sneering sceptics, go through a cold, artistic or 
operatic performance, which is as much in harmony 
with spiritual worship as an opera or a theatre, 

" Formerly every Methodist attended class and gave 
testimony of experimental religion. Now the class- 



meeting is attended by very few, and in- many 
churches abandoned. Seldom the stewards, trustees, 
and leaders of the church attend class. Formerly 
nearly every Methodist prayed, testified, or exhorted 
in prayer meeting. Now but,very few are heard. 
Formerly shouts and praises were heard; now such 
demonstrations of holy enthusiasm and joy are re- 
garded as fanaticism. 

" Worldly socials, fairs, festivals, concerts, and 
such like, have taken the place of the religious gather- 
ings, revival meetings, class and prayer meetings of 
earlier days. 

" How true that the Methodist discipline is a dead 
letter ! Its rules forbid the wearing of gold or pearls 
or costly array; yet no one ever thinks of disciplining 
its members for violating them. They forbid the 
reading of such books and. the taking of such diver- 
sions as do not minister to godliness, yet the church 
itself goes to shows and frolics and festivals and 
fairs, which destroy the spiritual life of the young as 
well as the old. The extent to which this is now 
carried on, is . appalling. The spiritual death it 
carries in its train will only be known when the mil- 
lions, it has swept into hell, stand before the judg- 
ment." __ — — — 

A Warning. 

It would seem that, after the publication of Bro. 
Galen B. Royer's expose of the methods pursued by 
the Nestorian and Kurdish peoples, in securing funds 
in this country for their own personal use in Persia, 
nothing further would be needed to warn our people 
and others against these pretenders. But it is neces- 
sary to call attention again to the activities of these 
money-getters. 

Last week a pair of them appeared at Mount Mor- 
ris. They were armed with the usual documents and 
had done some work in canvassing the town. They 
had arranged to speak in one of the churches in town, 
but it was not long until they learned that their meth- 
ods were well known here, and they left immedi- 
ately, taking the first train for the West. We warn 
our brethren and friends against these men, who are 
obtaining money under cover of supporting orphan- ' 
ages and, as has been abundantly proven, are using it 
themselves. If you have money to give for such work, 
remember there are regular channels through which 
you can send your money, with the assurance that it 
will be properly used for the purpose for which it has 
been donated. 

Reread Bro. Royer's article on page 709, in Mes- 
senger No. 45, dated Nov. 8. You will find in it suffi- 
cient proof to show how much fraud is being carried 
on under the name of religion. If Bro. Royer's warn- 
ing is heeded, the money saved to the church will pay ■ 
many times the expense of his trip to Persia to in- 
vestigate the doings of the people. Do not give to 
them, and tell your neighbors and friends the true story 
of their work. Knowing the truth yourself, see that 
others get it. You will be doing a favor and an act 
of righteousness by exposing fraud. d. l. m. 



The Exemplary Teacher. 

We are told that in our schools there is a lady 
teacher, not a member of the church, who, at all 
times, and especially when in the school-room, attires 
herself modestly, and not a sign of jewelry can be 
seen about her. She even refuses to adopt the worldly 
style of arranging her hair. In her appearance, in 
every way, she is as plain as the most consecrated 
of our sisters, and in her bearing shows the best of 
culture. When asked why she is so careful in her 
attire, she says that the school belongs to a people 
who believe in plainness, and she does not care to do 
anything that would, in the least, militate against their 
principles respecting simplicity. In fact, her influence 
in the school-room has become recognized, and she is 
looked upon as a power for good among the young 
people. What a blessing it would be to the cause of 
New Testament Christianity if all the teachers in 
our schools, as well as the workers in our Sunday- 
schools, could take the same view of life ! They 
would soon solve some of the problems that are just 
now greatly perplexing the church, 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 3, 1914. 



11 



MISSIONARY DEPARTMENT 



GENERAL MISSION BOARD OF TUB CHURCH 
OF THE BRETHREN. 

D. T,. Miller, Chairman Mt. Morris. HI. 

H. O. Early, Vice-Chairman Penn Laird, Va. 

Galen B, Boyer, Sec. and Treas Elgin. 111. 

Chad. D. Bonsack, Union Bridge, Md. 

J. J. Yoder, McPherson, Kansas. 

©tho Winger North Manchester, Ind. 

Address, 
General Bliaeion Board, Elgin. 111. 



delay of this report but for unavoidable reasons it has been 
delayed. (Sister) J. M. Fisher. 

923 Twentieth Street. Sacramento, Cal., Dec. 12. 



A LETTER TO PRESIDENT WILSON. 

To the Honorable Woodrow Wilson, 

President of the United States of America, 
Washington, D. C. 

The National Peace Committee of the Church of the 
Brethren do hereby give personal expression of their ap- 
proval of the constant and persistent pursuit of peaceable 
methods in the policy of the Honorable Woodrow Wilson, 
President of the United States of America, respecting the 
troubles now existing in the Republic of Mexico. 

It is our prayer, that He who has promised to give to 
all liberally, may bestow alt needed wisdom and guidance 
to President Wilson and his advisors through the em- 
barrassing situation, and that the dignified and honorable 
treatment may result in good to the neighboring and 
troubled country, as well as to the credit of our own 
country and to the promotion and progress of the cause 
of international arbitration and universal peace. 

Eld. J. Kurtz Miller, Eld. W. J. Swigart, Eld. Daniel 
Hays, National Peace Committee, of the Church of the 
Brethren. 

Nov. 24. 

LINCSAY, CALIFORNIA. 

On Sunday, Nov. 2, wc held an all-day Sunday-school 
Meeting, which was enjoyed by all present. Beginning 
at 10 A. M., we took up the work " Model Sunday-school 
Classes," viz., "Primary," "Intermediate," and "Adult." 
With a teacher for each of these, an hour was soon 
passed. At 11 A. M. Eld. Blickenstafr. of McFarland, 
gave us an inspiring and helpful address on " Sunday- 
school Work." The noon hour was enjoyed in a social 
way, and with a basket dinner. 

The afternoon session opened at 2 o'clock. The follow- 
ing subjects were discussed: (1) " How Best Inculcate 
Reverence," (2) "How May the Teacher Have the Great- 
est Influence over the Pupil?" (3) "How May the 
Teacher Be Made to Feel the Need of a Definite Purpose 
in Teaching? " 

We were very glad to have Bro. S. G. Hollinger, our 
District Sunday-school Secretary, with us on that day. 
In the evening we held our Christian Workers' Meeting, 
followed by a sermon from Bro. S. J. Miller. As we 
returned to our homes, we felt we had spent a profitable 
day, and one not soon to be forgotten. 

On Thanksgiving Day we held services at the church. 
An offering was taken, to be sent to the World-wide 
Mission. 

Since our last report Brother and Sister T. F. Hutchi- 
son and family have moved into our midst. We are al- 
ways glad to welcome all who feel like helping in the 
Master's vineyard. Adah A. Brubaker. 

Dec. 5. _^. 

RIO-LINDA, CALIFORNIA. 

On Saturday, Oct. 25, at 7 P. M., a meeting was held at 
the home of Bro. A. M. Whipple at Rio-Linda, Sacramento 
County, for the purpose of organizing a congregation. Eld- 
ers M. E. Andrews and W. R. Brubaker had been author- 
ized by the elders of the District of Northern California 
to perfect the organization. Letters of membership were 
read and accepted, being transferred from the Live Oak 
church, where they had been placed by the members, on 
entering California. Eleven charter members compose 
this congregation. We have two ministers, both in the 
second degree. We also have one deacon. For our elder 
we selected Bro. W. R. Brubaker, of Live Oak, an acU 
joining church. 

Wc decided on a boundary line for our congregation, 
which extends from the Yuba River to- the Feather River; 
from this to the Sacramento River; thence south to the 
northern boundary of Sacramento County; thence west, 
south and east, following the line of Sacramento County, 
back to the Sacramento River again; thence south along 
the Sacramento River to the Calaveras River, following 
this east to the source. Members living inside of these 
boundary lines can correspond with Bro. Michael Blocher, 
addressing him at Sacramento, General Delivery, or write 
to the undersigned, who is the corresponding secretary. 

We decided to hold our regular council meetings quar- 
terly, on Saturday preceding the' fourth Sunday of the 
month, beginning with December, 1913. We named our 
church Rio-Linda, the name of the place platted as a town 
site on the Northern Electric Railway, and here the mem- 
bers are locating. 

We would be glad if brethren, seeking a location in 
California, would locate in our part of the country. The 
climate is ideal, and the scenery beautiful. We regret the 



MUSCATINE, IOWA. 

We met in special council on Sunday afternoon, Dec. 
7. Not much business came before the meeting. Sunday- 
school and Christian Worker officers were elected for 
1914. Bro. W. G. Williams was reelected Suday-school 
superintendent. Sister Bessie Miller was reelected su- 
perintendent of our cradle roll. Sister. William Pasdach 
was selected president of our Christian Workers' Meet- 
ing. Our regular services seem to be taking on new life. 
While we are grieved that some cease to attend serv- 
ices and drop out of the work, we rejoice that others are 
taking up the work. Our audiences are larger at present 
than they had been for some time. Our services are es- 
pecially well attended by the young people and non- 
members of our church. A number of people here seem 
to believe in the doctrine of the Bible as our people do, 
but have not yet become willing to unite with the church. 
Our teachers' meeting, mission study and teacher-train- 
ing classes are quite interesting and helpful, especially 
our teacher-training class. We are studying our new 
book, " Training the Sunday-school Teacher," — a splen- 
did book. Even those in our class who are not mem- 
bers of the church made favorable comments on the 
book. F^E. Miller. 

406 Lowe Street, Muscatine, Iowa, Dec. 8. 



Notes from Our Correspondents. 

The Following Notes, Crowded Out of Last Issue. Are 
Given Space on This Page. 

COLORADO. 

Colorado City. — Since our last report throe certificates of 
membership have been received. On Thanksgiving evening 
the churches of the city met at our church In a union mooting, 
The house was well filled. Rev. Hutchinson, of the Central 
Christian Church, delivered an excellent Thanksgiving ad- 
dress. The donation, ns Is customary at meetings of thla 
kind, was turned over to the board of charities, to bo used 
as needed by the Ministerial Association of the city, to supply 
charity cases. On the evening of Nov. 30 our Sunday-school 
rendered a well-prepared program, after which Bro, Sherfy 
rjave a short, well-prepared talk. We arc glad lo state that 
Bro. Sherfy and family remain with us, In charge of the 
work here, tor another year. They were Riven a reception on 
their return to us, at the homo of Sister Michael. — Rottlc 
Root, 535 Enrich. Street, Colorado City, Colo., Dec, IB, 

ILLINOIS. 

Notice.— .The new ehurchhouse being built 111 the city of 
Champaign, 111., under the direction of the Mission Board, Is 
now about completed, and will bo dedicated on the first Sun- 
day of the new year. Eld. J, W. Lear, of Decatur, III,, will 
deliver the dedicatory address. A revival meeting Is to fol- 
low, which will close with a communion service. The mem- 
bers of adjoining churches are Invited to attend these serv- 
ices. — D. J. Blickenstaff, Oakley, 111., Dec. 20. 

Polo church met in their council Dec. 12, at 10 A. M., with 
Eld. John Heckman presiding. There were thirty-two mem- 
bers .present. The officers for church, Sunday-school and 
Christian Workers" Meeting were elected for the coming year. 
Bro. Allison Reisinger was elected church correspondent. — 
Miss Martha Gilbert, Box 6G9, Polo, 111., Dec. 14. 

INDIANA. 

Audtews. — We met in council Dec. 13 and reorganized for 
the coming year. Our elder, Bro. J. W. Norrls, presided. 
Two letters were received. The election 6t officers resulted 
as follows: Sister Dorotha Ridley, clerk; Sister Jennie Eck- 
man, treasurer; the writer, church correspondent. The Sun- 
day-school superintendent and secretary were reelected. We 
decided to have a Christian Workers' Meeting and prayer 
meeting each week. Sister Freeman was chosen president of 
the Christian Workers" Meeting, and Bro. W. Blglow as lead- 
er of the prayer meeting. — Martha Duncan, Andrews, Ind., 
Dec. 18. 

Union. — Our revival meeting, which began on Sunday, Nov. 
9. closed on Thanksgiving Day. Eld. John KItson, of Syracuse, 
Ind., assisted in the work. Though hindered by Inclement 
weather, the meetings were excellent. We had the very best 
doctrinal as well as practical sermons. The church has been 
greatly strengthened. On Thanksgiving Day,' after listening 
to a very spiritual sermon, an offering was lifted for World- 
wide Missions. Our quarterly council convened Dec. 13. We 
pranted three letters of membership. The Sunday-school 
officers were elected for the ensuing year as follows: Super- 
intendent, Bro. John Webster; secretary, Bro. Cecil Reed. 
The birthday offerings In the Sunday-school are splendid. 
The Sunday-school enrollment Is 175. The Christian Workers' 
Meetings have been somewhat hindered because of Inclement 
weather, much of the time. The Sisters' Aid Society Is doing 
a fine work. — A. Laura Appelman, Plymouth, Ind., Dec. 18. 

Wabash City church met In council Dec. 17, with Eld. J. W. 
Norrls presiding. Wc reorganized our Sunday-school for the 
coming year, with Bro. Dorsa Brubaker as superintendent and 
Bro. Charles Circle as secretary. We elected new officers for 
prayer meeting, with Sister Ida Fosnaugh as leader. We also 
organized an Aid Society, with Sister Ora Dlllman as Presi- 
dent, Sister Myrtle Schlemmer, Vice-president, Sister Charles 
Circle, Secretary, and Sister Henry Bollnger, Treasurer. — 
(Sister) Charles Circle, 437 East Street, Wabash. Ind., Dec. 17. 

IOWA. 
Bag-ley. — Bro. Homer Caskey, of Council Bluffs, Iowa, be- 
tran meetings In the Bagley house Nov. 30, which continued 
each evening until Dec. 17 and closed with a full house. Bro. 
Caskey endeared himself to all who heard him, and many 
regretted that he could not stay longer. He delivered sound 
Gospel sermons. Our members have been encouraged by 
these helpful meetings and will move forward with renewed 
strength. A special offering of $20 was taken for Sister 
Caskey, who cared for the work of the mission, in the absence 
of her husband. — Moses Deardorff. Yale, -Iowa, Dec. 18. 

KANSAS. 
Chapman Creek church met in council Dec. 13. with Kid. 
J. H. Cakerlce presiding. Brethren J. F. Hantz and C. Shank, 
of the Abilene church, were with us and assisted In the meet- 
ing. Five letters of membership were granted. Officers were 
chosen as follows: Elder, Bro. J. H. Cakerlce: clerk, Isaac 
Kauffman; treasurer. J. W. Gorbutt; solicitor, Alice Gorbutt: 
chorister, .Myrtle Derrick; correspondent and Messenger 



agent, the writer. Bro. J. W. Gorbutt Is our Sunday-school 
superintendent, and Bro. M. Sword Is president of the Chris- 
tian Workers" Society. Bro. E. Derrick and Isaac Kauffman 
compose the committee to secure ministers for our series of 
meetings. Our teacher-training close meets weekly. We 
expect Bro. E. F. Sherfy to assist us In a Bible Institute, be- 
ginning Dec. 21. — Annie M. Kauffman, Abilene, Kans., Dec. 16. 

Prairie View. — We just closed a three weeks' series of meet- 
ings. Bro. S. E. Thompson came to us Nov. 24, and commenced 
preaching'. On account of rainy weather we did not have 
many meetings during the first two weeks, but during the 
Inst week we had a good attendance, and there seemed to be 
unusual Interest taken. As a result of the meetings four 
were baptized and one awaits the rite. We held our love 
fenst Dec. 13, which was postponed from a previous date on 
account of bad weather. Bro. Thompson officiated. — Louie 
■Hengst, Shallow Water, Kans., Dec. 16. 

Salem church observed Thanksgiving Day. A number gave 
Depressions of thankfulness. A collection was taken for 
Child Rescue work. Twenty Messengers were sent to differ- 
ent ones on the ten-cent plan. Nov. 30 Bro. J, Edwin Jones, 
of Lamed, Kans., began a series of meetings. He preached 
each evening. The meetings closed Dec. 14. Bro. Jones, our 
elder, gave us splendid sermons. We expect Bro. Ellenberger, 
of Wiley, Colo,, to preach for us In a few weeks.'— Sadie 
Moats, R. D. 2. Box 60, Nickerson, Kans., Dec. 19. 

MARYLAND. 

Baltimore City (Fulton Avenue). — Owing to sickness It 
was necessary to recall our engagement with Eld. J, G. 
Royer. of Mount Morrts, 111., for a ten days' Bible Institute 
the latter part of December. Wo are very much disappointed, 
hut look forward to his coming later on. Our Sunday-school 
Is preparing a special Christmas program. Our Sisters' Aid 
Society Is busy with the special work of the usual Christmas 
preparations. Wo are planning some special line of study 
for our Wednesday evening meetings In 1914. The four 
ministers, located In this congregation, have endeavored to 
feed the flock as best they could, but we have seriously felt 
the need of more pastoral work In the homes. Ministers who 
work six days a week for a livelihood, find It very difficult to 
cope with tho demands of the city congregations, The writer 
hopes to devote more time to pastoral duties In 1914 than 
heretofore. Brother David Utz, our oldest deacon, and his 
wife, who are very faithful workers, have moved to Union 
Bridge. Md. We regret to lose their faithful service and 
wlso counsel in this struggling little church, Any assistance 
from our District to our Sisters' Aid Society will be thank- 
fully received by our missionary, Sister Theresa Schneider, 
1620 North Strieker Street.— J. S. Geiser, 1607 Edmondson 
Avenue, Baltimore. Md., Dec. 17. 

Peach Blossom, — Wo met In council at tho Easton house 
Nov. 26. Eld, S. K. Flke presided. Two letters of member- 
ship were granted, The Easton and Falrvlew Sunday-schools 
were reorganized. Bro. F, H. Rlttenhouse was elected super- 
intendent for the Easton house, and Bro. Martin Hutchison 
for the Falrvlew house. The Christian Workers' Meetings 
for both places wore also reorganized. Several committees 
were appointed. We had a very Interesting memorial and 
Thanksgiving service at the Peach Blossom house. The pro- 
gram consisted of several topics, The history of the work 
of tho church here was given, from tho time It was first 
started until the present time. ThiB was followed by a 
Thanksgiving sermon. An offering of JIG was taken. On tho 
evening of Nov. 29 Bro. J. T, Green, of Lonaconlng, Md,, com- 
menced a series of meetings at the Falrvlew house, which 
continued until the evening of Dec. 14. Bro. Green preached 
the Word with power. The members received many words of 
encouragement, and sinners were warned to forsake sin. 
Our love feast was held. Dec. 13. Bro. Green officiated. — 
Sallle Gelb, Cordova. Md,, Dec. 10. 

NORTH DAKOTA. 

Bertholu church met In council Dec. 6, wllh Eld, S. S. Pctry 
In charge. We also have with us again Eld. H. C- Longancck- 
er and wife, for a short time. Tho best of Interest pervaded 
the meeting. Bro. Noah Petry was chosen as Sunday-school 
superintendent. Our choice for older resulted In a tie vote, 
so we have two elders for the coming year, — Brethren S. S. 
Petry and C. H. Petry. It was also the wish of the church 
that Bro. E. S. Petry be advanced to the second degree of the 
ministry. Bro. Petry and wife were accordingly Installed Into 
office at this meeting. Tho weather here, this fall, has been 
Ideal, — no snow at all, — Mrs. C. H, Petry, Berthold, N. D., Dec. 
16. 

Columbia Sunday-school, — Bro. J, H. Gordon, of Surrey, 
met with us last Sunday, filling Bro, Shorb's appointment, he 
having been called to Montana to hold a series of meetings. 
Bro. Gordon also preached at Dundas on the evening of Dec. 
13. The Sisters' Aid Society meets with the President this 
week. Our little band Is grdwlng both in size and useful- 
ness — Mr«. Harry Row, Brantford, N. Dak., Dec. 17. 

OHIO. 

Eversole church met in council Dec. 4. Eld. Samuel Horn- 
ing presided. Elders John Beeghly and Jonas Horning were 
present. Our members were well represented. Two letters 
of membership were granted. Our Sunday-school officers 
were elected for 1914. with Bro. John Root as superintendent, 
and Bro. Cary Dlehl as secretary. Bro. Celestial Manning 
was chosen trustee, and Bro. Jesse Kroltzer was appointed a 
member of the Finance Committee. On Thanksgiving Day 
Bro. William Swinger gave us a very Inspiring sermon. An 
offering was taken for Home Mission work. On the evening 
of Dec. 2 Bro. PIttenger, of India, delivered a very Interesting 
talk on the need of missionaries, and on the customs of the 
people In India, after which a collection was taken for mis- 
sion work, We are contemplating a series of meetings, to 
begin the middle of January, to be conducted by Bro. S. A. 
Blessing, of West Milton, Ohio.— Clara Erbaugh, R. D. 2, New 
Lebanon, Ohio, Dec. 17. 

Beading. — Our series of meetings began on Sunday evening, 
Nov. 30, with Bro. G. S. Strausbaugh doing the preaching. 
He delivered seventeen sermons to good-sized audiences each 
t-venlng, regardless of the conditions of the weather and the 
roads. The best of attendance and interest were shown. 
Bro. Strausbaugh gave us many good lessons. One was 
baptized at the midnight hour, at the close of our meetings, 
Dec. 14. — Rena Heestand, R. D. 2, Moultrie, Ohio, Dec. 16. 

Richland. — Dec. 14 our series of meetings, conducted by 
Bro. C. L, Wllklns, closed with a full house. The Interest was 
good from start to finish. Bro. Wllklns preached the Word 
with power, and we feel that the church is much strengthened. 
Five were received by confession and baptism. At our Thanks- 
giving service a collection of (27 was taken for District Mis- 
sion work. — Ira E. Long. R. D. 1, Mansfield, Ohio, Dec, 16. 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

Aughwick (Sugar Run Sunday-school.) — We met for our 
regular session Dec. 14. with good attendance and much in- 
terest. After Sunday-school one was received into the church 
Ly baptism. — E. Grace Rohrer, Shirleysburg. Pa., Dec. 17. 

Greenville. — Owing to sickness, Bro. Stahl was unable to 
be with us, as we had expected, to begin a series of meet- 
ings Nov. 29, ending Dec. 14 with a love feast. However, 
Bro. A. Fyock, of New Paris, was with us In our council Dec. 
9. He remained with us throughout the week and preached 
six Interesting sermons. Three accepted Christ, and one was 
reclaimed. A goodly number surrounded the Lord's tables on 
Sunday evening. Dec. 14. We surely have been much bene- 
fited by Bro. Fyock's sermons. — Susie Thomas, R. D. 1, Gram* 
plan. Pa., Dec. 16, 



12 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 3, 1914. 



Notes From Oar Correspondents 



As cold water to a thirsty soul, so is aood news frt 



CALIFORNIA. 

e™, igregatlon met In council. Church and 3 lay- 

,., | officers v. .I-- elected, We petal I our elder and super- 
intended Qui love feaal will be held m time In ihr spring 

Our Bollcltora for funds. t<> i.mi.1 n h»»«- <•{ worship m it..- 

city of He I, reported al a previous meeting, rCnQ we find 

ourselves short of the amount with which we deplred to beg n 
the worh However, the feeling is thai we begin the work in 

the spring trusting thai the Lorti will vide Though we 

have no) been heard from for -<"»< time, little band baa 

hecn dlllgc oto ever] good work and ca a] came ui 

notice The Lord Is bestowing m is both temporal and 

ppirltu leasing*, for which we praise his ni Mary 

Voder, l-Ir t, Cal,, Dec I . n _ „ 

ion? Beach church met In c ill Do. 19, Hi i 30 r. M, 

m,i ] Beotl Snlvely presided (Election of church trustees 

,, auitcd m i i sing Brethren T J Rui Is, J. M, Shlvely 

:i ,„i ,■,.,,,!< Horning IBM. \v. F, Engl""' 

, iii, i foi the coming: 

president • I the Chrli tlan Worker; Mi i 



care, and If 1 cot able. T shall resume the meetings that we 
had 'in progress no! quite on* week. Some nlehts the house 
wis full with the best of attention, and the interest on the 
Increase every night. The doctor thinks I shall he able to 
C n ha<-k in ten .lays or two weeks. As soon as I feel able 1 
shall continue the work. Brethren, pray for me that I may 
,„. a ble to continue. My next revival will he in the Prairie 
Creek church about the last of January, provided I improve 
, anticipated. While I was In the Buck Creek congregation 
In a four weeks' .series of meeting.". I labored with all my 
might Returning home I went Inlo the corn field for three 
weeks; then commenced this meeting I" the Wabash church. 
This breakdown Is the result. I have Improved a little, and 
c flI] U s e my voice somewhat better. T was elected to the 
ministrv in the Buck Creek church twenty-five years ago, 
this coming June I. B. Wike, 001 nine Street. Huntington, 



Ind.. 



21. 



11,,.. H. ii Vanlman was i lei ti d 
ng. with Sister I Ulle 
RoVkiey, secretary arid treasuroi Slater Stella Va.iinum was 
elected church chorister. Last Sunday evening Sister Rebecca 

Ulrkoritin, an Armenian missfonai-j - - a tempe ee 

uik All wore made to feel ilk.' ihimklm: our Heavenly 

Pa.] , i { pe tted to live In a land where we can 

wort him unli -red ai n los Next Sunday the 

children will render their Christinas program.— Mrs. M. H. 
Vanlman 2316 E Sixth Street, Long Beach, Cal.. Dec, 21. 

Morarland church met In council Dec. 13. at 1:30 P. M. 
Ten letters of membership were received, and one was grant- 
,,i \n n, ,. church officers were elected. Bro. Andrew Bllck- 

cn'staff was continued as el In charge Bro. William Noher 

wa8 chosen Sunday-school superintendent: Sister Josephine 
Hnnawall president of the christian Workers' Meeting; Sls- 
,,,. i„,,m. Nehtr, Presidenl of our Sisters' Aid Society. Our 
heating plant will be Installed al onee, The Sunday-school 

,, Dnrlns to give a Christmas program, No date has yet 

heeri sel for our series of meetings.— JacOb NI11, McFarland, 
Cal., i >'"-. IB. 

CANADA. 

Pleasant Valley church met In C II Dec. 13, at 1 P. M.. In 

the home "f Bro. J. Frant*. Rm. Peter Bruhaker presided, 
we had n very pleasant meeting, One sister was received by 
letter Wo decided to have an evergreen Sunday-schooJ. We 
are to have a temperance program Doe. 28. Our services in 

, i,,. various i tea are proving quite satisfactory. — Hannah 

Dunning, Medielne Hat, Box 12B0, Alberta. Canada, Dec. 14. 

COLORADO. 

My Evangelistic Tour.— I closed my meetings at Carthage. 
Mo With good Interest. One was baptized. My next stop 
waa al I3nld, Okla., where l preached once In their Mission 
■house th. nee I nunc to Ames, where 1 visited a few days and 
preached Dnce. My next slop was at CuBter City, where my 
son Dorsey lives, There I preached on Monday nighl to a 
full house of earnest listeners, From here I continued my 
visit to Woodward, Okla., where two of my children are liv- 
ing and where i am now engaged In a very interesting series 
ol meetings. Last Monday four were baptized, and last 
night four more came out to have their names enrolled on 
the book Of life. The prospects are good for others to be 

yathe I fore our revival closes.— N. F. Brubaker, Frulta. 

colo., Dec, "-'. 

IDAHO. 

Twin rall«.--Our congregation met in council Dec. 12. the 
rlectlon of officers for the coming year resulting as follows: 
Bro C Fahrney. elder in charge; Bio. B. D. Kirlin, church 
treasurer! Bro IT. A. Swab, clerk; the writer, correspondent; 
Slstei Fahrney, chorister; Bin. J. S. Flory, Sunday-school su- 
i erintendent; Bro. Ralph Fahrney, secretary; Sister Hazel 
Kasnacht, chorister. Sister Pearl Prough was chosen presi- 
dent Of the ChrlBtlan Workers' Meeting. Our former corres- 
pondent, Sis (it Suie New land, has moved to Buhl. Idaho. 
Throe new Brethren families have moved into our church 
recently. We understand there arc thirteen members among 
them — Alice Swab. Twin Falls, Idaho, Dec. 17. 

ILLINOIS. 

Cherry Grove. — At our recent council Sunday-school officers 
were chosen for the coming year as follows: Bro. Aaron Haw- 
becker, Sunday-school superintendent; Bro. Chas, Shldler, su- 
perintendent "f the home department and also superintendent 
of the Temperance Committee. Bro. G. Snider, of Lima, Ohio, 
closed a three weeks' series of meetings. Owing to bad 
weather, we did not have large crowds, but the interest was 
good at all the meetings. The services were spiritual and 
uplifting. Four young men came out on the Lord's side, and 
. Ihers are near the kingdom. Bro. W. R. Miller is going to 
be with us one week, beginning Jan. Fi, to give us his illus- 
trated Bible talks.— Rosa Shldler, Lanark. 111., Dec. 18. 

Maniflela.— Our church mot in regular council Dec. 2d, with 
Fid. W. T. Heckman presiding. The following officers were 
elet ted for the comlngvyear: Bro. J. J. Swartz. superintendent 
of the Sunday-school; Sister Pearl Clandln. secretary; Sister 
Sadie Swartz. president of our Ciiristian Workers' Meeting; 
F.ld. John Barnhart, correspondent and Messenger agent. 
. in elder, Bro. W. T. Heckman. was retained for the coming 
year The writer lias resigned the pastorate of this place, 
and Will spend some lime at Bethany Bible School.— J. C. 
Llghtcap, Mansfield, 111., Dec. 22. 

Vtrdeu church met In council Dec. 11, with our elder, Bro. 
W. H. Shull. preBlfllng. Two wore received by letter. The 
Sunday-school organization ts as follows: Bro. John L. Bru- 
haker, superintendent. Sister Klma Rinhaker. superintendent 

..." the Primary Department. — Alice M. GIbbel, Glrard. Ill- 
Dec. 20. 

West Branch church held her council Dec. 17. Brethren 
John Heckman and John Lampln. of Polo, presided. Our 
elder. Bro. S. S. Plum, continues In charge of the church. 
Bro. Andrew Butterbaugh was elected and Installed into the 
ministry. Brethren Frank Butterbaugh and William Cordell 
were elected deacons. Sunday-school officers were elected, 
with Sister Jessie Sollenberger as superintendent, and Sister 
F.thel Blnktey as secretary-treasurer. Christian Worker 
officers were also elected, with Bro. L. W. Sollenberger as 
president and Sister Delia Lowery as secretary. Sister Cora 
Miller was appointed Messenger agent, and Sister Mary Fry 
was chosen missionary solicitor. — (Mrs.) Delia E. Lowery. R. 
D. 2, Polo. III.. Dec. 24. 

INDIANA. 
Fountain church met In council Dec. 20. In the absence of 
our elder. Bro. Luther Bedel presided. Officers were re- 
elected, with Bro. Ira Pherlgo as treasurer; Sister Maud 
Pherlgo, clerk; Bro. Jacob Miller, trustee: the writer. Mes- 
senger correspondent, and Bro. Bedel, Messenger agent. We 
decided to discontinue our Sunday-school until April. — (Mrs.) 
Amy Hoppes. R. D. 2, Box 5, Holton, lnd„ Dec. 21. 

Huntington. — Today I am at home, unable to attend serv- 
ices. I was engaged in a revival at the Wabash church, but 
on Friday night a throat affection disabled me from preach- 
ing, just after reading the opening scripture. The members 
then had some special prayers, and we closed without any 
preaching. Since my return home, I am under the physician's 



Xofcomo Mission. — We met in business session Dec. lfi. at 
7: 30 P. M. By the consent of our elder. Bro. J. W. Flora. 
Bro. Chester Poff. of Greentown. had charge of the meeting. 
assisted by Bro, Elmer Phlpps. of Arcadia. Tnd. Bro. Phipps 
closed a series of meetings here Dec. 8. Five put on Christ 
In baptism, and one was reclaimed. Others seem near the 
kingdom. We have preaching each Lord's Day and evening; 
also christian Workers' Meetings, prayer service each 
Thursday evening, and a live Sunday-school. Brethren Phlpps 
and Poff do most of the preaching. When Bro. Phipps is 
engaged In evangelistic work, Bro. Ockerman. a resident min- 
ister, fills the vacancy. The mission has been „ organized 

u t three years, and Is located at the corner of Home and 

Markland Avenues. We would be pleased to have any mem- 
bers, passing through, to stop and enjoy the services with us. 
-Grace Htatt, 710 Valle Avenue. Kokomo, Ind„ Dec. 18. 
Logansport church met In council on the evening of Dec. 
23. The various organizations of the church were reorganized. 
Cor tiie Sunday-school Bro. Marlon Mulllns was elected su- 
perintendent; Sister Hazel Zimmerman, secretary. For the 
Christian Workers' Society. Sister Anna Grafe was chosen 
is president, For the prayer meeting, Sister Josephine Hanna 
was selectea as .lass leader. The Sisters' Aid Society was re- 
i rganlzefl lb follows: Sister Parker. President; Sister Solomon 
Smith, Vice-president; Sister Gertrude Oberlln. Secretary; 
Sister Ellen Mcnke, Treasurer. Bro. Joseph Martin was re- 
elected as church treasurer; Bro. Atlonzo Watt was chosen as 
clerk: Sister Fay Parker, corresponding secretary; Bro. Harry 
Murphv, church chorister. , A young music teacher, of West 
Terre Haute, for the present staying In Logansport. was 
baptized the evening before the council. A series of meetings 
is to commence here. God willing, the second Sunday in Janu- 
ary. Bro. Byerly to do the preaching. — Josephine Hanna. 
Logansport, Ind., Dec. 21. 

Nettle Creek. — Bro. J. A, Miller, of Gaston. Ind., came to 
us Nov. 2f>. and preached twenty-two sermons at the White 
Branch house, which were listened to by all with much in- 
terest. Six souls put on Christ in baptism. Dec. 13 we held 
our council. We elected our superintendents for the year as 
follows: Bro. Oscar Werking. for the Brick house; Bro. John 
l-Ierr for the Locust Grove house; Lewis Himes for the White 
Branch house, and Bro. Frank Sherry for the Olive Branch 
house We appointed a committee to reassess the members 
for church funds.— Charles W. Miller, Hagerstown. Ind., Dec. 
24. 

New Salem church is rejoicing over a series of meetings, 
conducted by Bro. J. Edson Ulery. of Onekama, Mich. The 
meetings began Nov. 30 and closed Deo. 19. Ten made the 
good choice and entered the church by baptism. The attend- 
ance and interest throughout the meetings were good. Sis- 
ler Alma Wise assisted in the song service during the meet- 
[ngs.— Dora A. Stout. Milford, Ind., Dec. 22. t 

Noblesville. — Our church reorganized Its forces for aggres- 
sive work on Sunday morning. Dec. 31, Brethren D. T. Bailiff 
and William Burcham were elected Sunday-school superin- 
tendents, and Sister Edith Bailiff, secretary. A full corps of 
officers and teachers was elected. Prospects look favorable 
for the future. — Lucy E. Roush, East Central Avenue, Nobles- 
vllle, Ind.. Dec. 22. 

Pleasant Valley.— We had our council Dec. 13. Church 
officers were chosen for another year. Bro. J. L. Mishler was 
chosen elder for another year. Bro. Eli Scbrock was chosen 
as our Sunday-school superintendent; - Bro. Thomas 'Nihart, 
president of the Christian Workers' Meeting. In November 
Sister Zuma Heestand, of Wooster. Ohio, conducted a singing 
class, which was a success. All churches desiring better 
song service would do well to secure Sister Heestand. Fol- 
lowing the singing class, we had- a series of meetings, con- 
ducted by Brother and Sister David McFadden, of Smithville, 
Ohio, which continued three weeks. The interest was good 
throughout, although the first week the weather was very 
damp, and the nights were dark. Thirteen were added to 
our church. Eight were heads of families. Ten have been 
baptized and two reclaimed. One awaits the rite of baptism. 
and others have promised to unite with us. Bro. McFatlden's 
talks were convicting and convincing. Everything was proved 
by the Bible.— and will lead us to greater activity. — Orpha 
Mishler, Mhldlebury, Ind., Dec. 24. 

Pleasant View, — We met in council Nov. 29. Bro. Noah 
Krelder was elected Sunday-school superintendent; Bro. 
Chester Pence, secretary; Bro. O. K. Sink, president of the 
Christian Workers' Meeting. Brethren I. B. Book. Ira Kreider 
end Bro. Young were also present. Bro. Landa Kreider was 
ordained to the eldership. The Thanksgiving offering is to 
be used in sending the Messenger to the poor. — O. A. Kreider. 
South Whitley, Ind.. Dec. 22. 

Tippecanoe. — Our church met in council Dec. 20. with Bro. 
F. O. Rlchcreek presiding. Bro. Manly Deeter's time as 
elder having expired, the church chose Bro. Richcreek as our 
elder. The writer was reelected as correspondent. Our Sun- 
day-school and Young People's Meetings are moving along 
nicely. — Joslah Garber, Syracuse, Ind., Dec. 24. 

Washington church has just closed a very successful re- 
vival effort. Bro. Wm. Overholser conducted a two weeks' 
series of refreshing meetings. The Good Spirit was felt in 
the entire community. Sister Viola Overholser was in charge 
of the song services. The meetings closed with one appli- 
cant, and others were almost persuaded. — Myrtle Whitehead. 
Warsaw. Ind.. Dec. 17. 

Yellow River church met in council Nov. 29. Our elder, 
Bro. J. W. Kltson. was with us. Three letters of membership 
were granted. Sister Glada Joseph was .selected Messenger 
agent. Nov. 30 Bro. Reuben Shroyer commenced a very in- 
teresting series of meetings and continued for three weeks. 
Bro. Daniel Boyer, of North Manchester, very ably conducted 
tiie song service, which .was an inspiration to all. Bro. 
Shroyer preached the Word with power, and three made the 
good choice. — Edith Rohrer. Plymouth. Ind,, Dec. 22. 

IOWA. 

Coon River.— My successor. Sister Zona Ott, requested me 
to make this final report as correspondent for the Panoru 
house. Our Sunday-school was organized Dec. 21. by electing 
Wm. Cordis as superintendent, and Sister Beulah Fltz as 
secretary. Sister Cora Haughtelln was chosen corresponding 
secretary-treasurer,.' After the organization of our Sunday- 
school, Bro. O. E. Messamer, of the Panther congregation, 
preached a splendid Christmas sermon from John 3: 1G. He 
gave us some original, elevating thoughts along new lines'. 
He is arranging to go to Bethany Bible School after the Holi- 
days — .1. D. Haughtelln, Panora, Iowa, Dec. 22. 

Explanatory. — Though Coon River Is the largest congrega- 
tion in Middle Iowa, she appears at great disadvantage In 
"The Mirror and Reflector" in the December Missionary Vis- 
itor. Only the Annual Meeting offering there appears, while 



much more has been contributed by individuals, who failed 
to mention their congregation. It is no fault of the Board, 
as credit was given according to the information at hand. 
This year we have contributed about (300 to the support of 
our missionaries in the India field, the entire amount con- 
tributed being for one individual. As such, I suppose, it will 
not appear in " The Mirror and Reflector."— J. D. Haughtelln. 
Panora. Towa. Dec. 22. 

GarriBon. — Our chinch met in council Dec. 20. We elected 
new officers for the Sunday-school and Christian Workers" 
Meeting: also church officers. We expect our District Sun- 
day-chool Secretary, Sister Marie Jasper, to be with us Dec. 
28. — Estella Blough, Garrison, Iowa, Dec. 22. 

Greene church met on Saturday for special council. Bro. 
W. H. Pyle presided. Church officers were elected as fol- 
lows: Bro. W. H. McRoberts, treasurer; Bro. J. D. Shook, 
clerk: Bro. Daniel Shook, trustee; Sister Mary Shook, choris- 
ter: Bro. Earl Flora. Messenger correspondent; Bro. W. H. 
Pyle. Messenger agent: Bro. Edward Eikenberry. Sunday- 
sehflol superintendent. Since our last report two were re- 
ceived by letter, and five letters were granted. We expect 
Bro. J. F. Burton, of Ankeny. Towa. to take up the pastoral 
work here s'oon. — J. F. Eikenberry. Greene, Iowa. Dec. 22. 

Kingsley. — Our pastor closed a series of meetings at the 
West house last Sunday evening. The interest was excellent, 
considering the inclement weather part of the time. Two 
Sunday-school scholars and a young man accepted Christ, and 
received baptism last T.uesday. Bro. Laughrun is an' able 
speaker, and did his work faithfully. He also led in the 
song service, as the one engaged for the work was called 
home In a few days, on account of sickness. Some good im- 
1 resslons were made. — Phcebe Foft. KIngsley. Iowa, Dec. 19. 

Panther Creek church met in council Dec. 20. Bro. J. B. 
Ppurgeon presided. He was reflected elder In charge for two 
years. We reorganized our Sunday-school and Christian 
Workers' Meeting for the next six months. Bro. C. E. Simp- 
son Is our superintendent, and Sister Ida Messamer is secre- 
tary-treasurer. Bro. L. A. Walker is president of our Chris- 
tian Workers' Meeting. — H. A. Messamer, Adel, Iowa, Dec. 22. 
Tale. — Our church met In council to finish all business for 
the year. All officers for the coming year, — ushers, janitors, 
trustees for the cemetery, and choristers for the three 
church houses were chosen. Various committees were also 
appointed for the three places of worship. Bro. Ellis Caslow 
was reelected as our elder for one year. Thirteen letters 
were granted. Bro. Snavely, of Indiana, wilt begin a Bible 
Term at the church north of Panora Dec. 27. The full amount 
of Sister Lizzie Arnold's support for one year, which had 
been pledged previously, was raised In eight minutes, and 
even more than was expected. — Allie Lookingbill, Yale, Iowa, 
Dec. 20. 

Yale. — As Bro. Earl Deardorff expected to leave for Chi- 
cago, to resume his studies at Bethany Bible School, the 
officers for the Christian Workers' Meeting for the coming 
term were elected before he left. Bro. Moses Deardorff has 
finished his work for this year on the field as an evangelist, 
and came here to spend the winter. Wo are glad for. his 
valuable assistance. Few men of much younger years are 
any more active In church work. In general, than he. The 
meetings at this place were discontinued until after the close 
of the meetings at Bagley. Iowa, to be conducted by Bro. 
Homer Caskey, of Council Bluffs. — Allie Lookingbill, Yale, 
Iowa, Dec. 20. 

KANSAS. 
Mont Ida, — Our series of meetings closed Dec. 3, on 'ac- 
count of inclement weather. Our evangelist, Bro. Geo. R. 
Eller. was with us over Thanksgiving Day and preached a 
suitable sermon for the occasion, after' which an offering of 
$21 was lifted. A box of provisions had also been sent to 
Uro. Eller's family, estimated at ten or twelve dollars. This 
was received by them on Thanksgiving morning, much to 
their surprise and joy. — John Sherfy, Box 4G, Mont Ida, Kans., 
Dec. 22. 

Faint Creek church met in council Dec. 20, with Eld. J. F. 
Campbell presiding. A pleasant meeting was enjoyed, and 
the following officers were elected for one year: Sister Annie 
Richard, clerk; Bro. A. C. Buck, treasurer and mutual insur- 
ance agent; Bro. Davis, trustee; Bro. Wm. Part and the writer, 
.solicitors. It was decided to retain the same Sunday-school 
officers for another year. Letters were granted to Brother 
and Sister Spltler, who expect to go to Colorado soon. Bro, 
Campbell preached two very interesting sermons on Sunday 
and Sunday night. We will have preaching again Jan. 2F>. 
Those wishing to change locations are invited to come here and 
investigate this vicinity.— (Mrs.) Annie Richard. R. D-, Union- 
town, Kans.. Dec. 23. 

Washington Creek. — We met in council Dec. 13, with Eld. 
W. A. Kinzie presiding. Sister Clara Postma was chosen su- 
perintendent of the Sunday-school; Bro. Lewis Griffith, presi- 
dent of the Christian Workers' Meeting; Sister Wegie Behrens. 
a member of the Temperance Committee; Bro. W. A, Kinzie, 
elder in charge for 1914; the writer, correspondent. Two 
letters were received, and one was granted. We expect Bro. 
E, H. Eby. of Bethany Bible School, to be with us on the even- 
ing of the 26th. — C. A. Ward, Richland, Kans., Dec. 15. 

KENTUCKY. 

Wolf Creek. — We reorganized our Sunday-school for the 
new year. Eld. R. H. Reed was retained as superintendent, 
and the writer as secretary. We hope 'to see our Sunday- 
school increase in number and efficiency, as the old year 
merges Into the new. Two precious souls, — a sick man and 
his wife,— accepted Jesus as their Savior. But amidst our 
rejoicing there came sorrow, for the afflicted brother lived 
only six hours after his baptism. We sorrow- much that the 
Lord took him away, but we mourn not as those who have no 
hope. At Ills burial a collection or X20.25 was lifted for the 
benefit of his sorrowing wife and children. The church mem- 
bers and friends gave liberally. We rejoice that our elder. 
Bro. R. H Reed, is able to be about his Master's business 
again. Brethren, we need your prayers. — Rufus M. Reed, 
Laura, Ky„ Dec. 21. 

MICHIGAN. 

Harlan IMariMa House). — We were much strengthened by 
another visit from Eld. Aaron Moss, of North Manchester, 
Ind. He gave us eight uplifting sermons. We are always 
glad for messages from our aged elders. — Ota E. Moss, It. 
D. 1, Copemish, Mich., Dec. 22. 

New Haven church met in council Dec. 6. Our elder not 
being present, Eld. J. Roberson presided. Bro. D. E. Cham- 
bers was elected Sunday-school superintendent. Our Aid 
Society was reorganized, with Sister D. E. Chambers as Presi- 
dent, and Sister Nettie Huffman. Secretary-treasurer. Bro. 
Flovd Shrider is president of our Christian Workers' Meeting, 
and Sister Ina Wilkins Is secretary. Eld. D. ,E. Sower, who 
has been visiting his parents here, gave us two very inter- 
esting sermons Dec. 14.— Allie L. Emrlck, R. D. 2, Mid/Heton. 
Mich., Dec. 17. 

MINNESOTA. 

Lewiuton Our council met In session Dec. 11. Eld. D. 

W. Shock, of Minneapolis. Minn., presided. The usual busi- 
ness of tiie meeting was disposed of, to be followed by the 
election of officers for the coming year. Our Thanksgiving 
offering of J35.26 was disposed of as follows: S10 to the 
Minneapolis Mission. 520 to Bethany Bible School, and $5.2G 
lor the remainder) was kept as a reserve fund. Eld. Shock 
was elected as our elder in charge for one year. He has just 
Hosed a very helpful series of meetings, which began Dec. 
i. Unfavorable weather, during the first week of our meet- 
ings, militated against the meetings, to some extent, but the 
second week we had beautiful moonlight evenings and good 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 3. 1914. 



13 



I feel better spirit- 
Man-, Leeton, Mo., 



\ 



>nads. The attendance increased materially, and the inter- . 
est in tli- services was very good. Two made the (food con- 
fession.- — Abbie W. Nettleton, Lewis ton, Minn.. Dee, 15. 
MISSOURI. 

Centervlew.— Our members met in council Dec. 11. with our 
, Ider presiding. Four members were added to our number by 
letter. Eld. D- I*- Mohler. of Leeton; Mo., was chosen as our 
tlder for the ensuing year. — Elda Gauss, Centerview, Mo., 

mineral Creek. — It was my pleasure to be with the members 
lt the Mineral Creek church on the evening of their love feast 
This occasion was very inspiring. The members of this 
church are noted for their courteous treatment of strangers, 
and they are surely demonstrating their religion by their 
I lotlierly love. I am growing In love with the Messenger 
M1 ,l can not say too much in its praise. 
uiillv by reading its pages. — James H. 
pec' 23. 

MONTANA. 

Milk Blver Valley.— Our members met in council Dec. 20. 
-,1 i P. M.. with Bro. J. A. Brumbaugh in charge. We re- 
organized our Sunday-school, with Bro. J. Y. Sollenherger as 
superintendent, and Sister Susie Good as secretary. We are 
arranging to take up tiie teacher-training course this winter. 
Our Christian Workers' Meetings are continuing with good 
interest. Our Thanksgiving Day services were a spiritual 
uplift. We expect to have services on Christmas Day. — Mrs. 
,i Y. Sollenberger, Kremlin. Mont., Dec. 23. 

NEBRASKA. 
Arcadia, church met In council today. Our members are 
scattered over such a large territory that only fourteen were 
present. We had a pleasant meeting. We elected our Sun- 
day-school officers for the coming year: Bro. A. .1. Lybarger, 
superintendent; Sister Elva Stern, secretary. We elected 
Sister Elva Stern, president of Christian Workers ; Bro. 
Charles Tauzer, secretary. As yet our ministerial committee 
ot succeeded in securing a minister to locate liere. — 
Fike, .Arcadia, Nebr., Dec. 13. 

NORTH DAKOTA. 



SaWiffl-— We met in counc11 

present, * " 



Dak.. 



the coi 
i eldei 
agent 
Conn 
helped u 



0. Our elder not being 
o. G. W. Stong presided. We granted two letters. 
ill our Sunday-school officers. Sister Mattie Moore 
no* Vhn^enW Sunday-school superintendent, and Sister 
Matix, secre\a tary -~ A - B ' Ho,llneer ' Starkweather. N. 
"™ n r ]a Mo rantain church met in council Dec. 13. Brethren 
■ M Shain/^ and Jonn Deal were P resem - Church officers Cor 
' '"i,,-/ year were chosen. Bro. A. M. Sharp was reelected 
3 ' charge; Bro. Levi Fisher, treasurer and Messenger 
writer, clerk and correspondent, and Sister Esther 
'lember of the Mission Board. Bro. Sharp and wife 
to organize our Christian Workers' Meting on Sun- 
ith Bro. Levi Fisher as president, We also 
cj^Be'rvices on Sunday at 11 A. M. We have meetings on the 
•Scond and fourth Sundays of each month. — Salana Fisher. 
N. Dak., Dec. 21. 

OHIO. 
Greenville church met in council Dec. 19. Our elder. Bin. 
D. Hollinger. presided. Quite an amount of business came be- 
fore the meeting. Officers were elected as follows: Bro. Hol- 
linger, elder; Bro. Allen Weimer, superintendent of the Sun- 
day-school; Sister Onda Hufford, secretary; Bro. John Miller, 
trustee; Brethren I. N. Royer and Charles Forron, members 
of the Finance Committee; Bro. John Weimer, a member of 

the Christian Workers' Committee. Brethren Charles For 

and Calvin Fryman were elected to the office of deacon, and. 
with their wives, duly installed. Elders B. F. Sharp, Law- 
rence Kreider and Henry Baker assisted in the meeting. We 
had a very spiritual meeting 1 . The children are all busy, 
getting ready for our Christmas exercises, to he held Dec. 22. 
Our young people intend to help with some good spiritual 
songs. — Anna WItwer, Greenville, Ohio, Dec. 22. 

Oak Grove.— We held our council Dec. 13. Our elder, Bro. 
B. F. Snyder, was witli us. Our pastor was chosen leader 
of our C. W. P. M. until next council, and Bro. V. V. Thomas 
was elected trustee. The Lord has been blessing us richly 
in our Sunday-school and preaching services, with a good 
attendance and spiritual interest. — Elma Thomas, B. D. 2, 
Carey, Ohio, Dec. 22. 

Salem church just closed a very interesting series of meet- 
ings, in which Bro. Emra Fike labored most faithfully. He 
delivered twenty-one able sermons. He preached the Word 
with power to large and attentive audiences. Fourteen dear 
ones received the rite of Christian baptism. — Josephine M. 
Folkerth, Union, Ohio, Dec. 22. 

Strait Creek Valley church has just passed through a very 
interesting and. glorious meeting, with Bro. J. O. Garst at the 
helm. The visible results were three additions. The church was 
greatly encouraged and built up. The seed sown will, we 
trust, result in much and lasting good to Christ and the 
church. — Van B. Wright. Sinking Spring, Ohio, Dec. 22. 

Trotwood church met in council on Wednesday evening, 
Dec. IT. Our elder, Bro. D. M. Garver, presided, assisted by 
Elders John Fidler, John Beeghly and A. L. Klepinger. Two 
letters were received and- two granted. Church officers for the 
ensuing year were elected as follows: Bro. Chas. Cart, treas- 
urer; Bro. Thomas Karns, secretary-treasurer; Bro. Alva 
Gump, church clerk; Bro, Isaac Musselman, trustee; Sister 
Amy Kuns, Sunday-school superintendent; Sister Ethel Kuns. 
Messenger agent; the writer, church clerk. A number of 
committees were also appointed. The report of the Mission- 
ary Committee was given and approved.— Ethel Sollenberger, 
Trotwood, Ohio. Dec. 20. 

OKLAHOMA. 
Oak Grove tOkla.).— Dec. 8 I went to the Oak Grove church. 
Okla., to assist in a series of meetings. We closed on the 
evening of Dec. 21. Six were baptized, and two await the 
sacred rite. 1 never visited a more energetic, prosperous 
church than this. They organized a little over a year ago, 
and since then have added nearly one-half to their member- 
ship. Bro F E. Button, of Altoona, Kans., has charge of the 
church, and is very faithful. He was with us the last few 
days and did the baptizing. Brethren O. E. Eoshbaugh and 
XV, F. Foster were advanced to the second degree of the min- 
istry. Dec. 20 they held their love feast, when twenty sur- 
rounded the Lord's tables. The writer officiated, with Br<>. 
Button assisting. A large crowd witnessed the sacred serv- 
ice, and much interest was in evidence. Brethren desiring 
homes in a good stock country will do well to address Bro, 
O. E. Loshbaugh. Hollow, Okla.— W. H. Miller, 320 South 
Eighteenth Street, Independence, Kans., Dec. 24. 
OREGON. 
Myrtle Point, — The members of this place enjoyed a. good 
Thanksgiving feast. Weiiad with us a large, attentive crow U. 
The sisters brought well-tllled baskets for a Thanksgiving 
dinner. At 11 A. M. a splendid program was rendered by tin 
children. At 2 P. M. Interesting round-table talks of live 
minutes each were given. An offering of sll.1T was taken 
and was sent to the General Mission Board. A committee is 
now preparing a Christmas program.— era S. Barklow. 
Myrtle Point, Oregon. Dec. 21. 

Newberg. — Our congregation met at the church on Thanks- 
giving Day, and held a very appropriate Thanksgiving serv- 
ice, in which nearly every person in the house took part. It 
was much enjoyed by all. A collection was taken for World- 
Wide Missions. The council, prior to our love feast, met Dec. 
t, with Bro. S. P. Van Dyke in charge. The membership 
being scattered, it was necessary to visit a .few by letter, 



Which is not a very satisfactory way, yet the report was fair, 
and nearly all are willing (■■ work in harmony with the 

church. One of our ministers and his wife paid a visit to 

Brother and Sister Branch of independence. While there 
they held a love feasl wltli them, as Bro. Branch is an Invalid 
and not able to come '<> il"- church lie has been afflicted for 
about fifteen years, hut Is a model for patience. We held our 
lovi feaal Dec 13 with Bro. ii. n. Bitter, or Mabel, Oregon, 
ini.i • :. C. Carl, or Portland, present. Both of them gave good 
service. Bro. Hither officiated. He also preached for us twice 
the Sunday following. We have a good Sunday-school, su- 
perintended by Sisti i Ell i \i Bro, \iUiur Diinlap Is 

leader of the Christian Workers' Meeting at present. — Sarah 
a Van Dyke, Newbarg, Oregon i lac. ]"•. 

Williams.— 1 an, seventy-six years old today and, like 

si in .-on of old. like to see tin- salvatl r ^ouis through 

chi 1st Jesus, her.' at tin- head of the Williams Creek VaTley. 
Bid. s. v.. Deckor came hero Nov. i!!i and coi need pro- 
tracted meetings »on Sunday. Nov, 30. He preached with 
power. Five came forward I'm Christ. Three have been 
baptized, and two air yet io be baptized. Two an- heads of 
Families, among the leaders . of the community. Tin' meet- 
ings still continue in progress The besl of ordei and atten- 
tion prevail. There surely has Been a great moving among 
the '•dry hones" In this valley. Bro. Decker preached two 
sermons on Sunday and on,- each night th rough the week. 
He also visits in the anytime" ami has personal talks with the 

people. Thus tli.' gOOd work is going on. — Jacob I'. Mo., W, 

Williams, Oregon, Dee, 21. 

Williams. — Our good meetings at Williams CreeH closed 
last night. Bro. S. 10. Decker, of Ashland. ,11,1 Hie preaching, 
He labored faithfully and stirred the hearts of the people In 
tills valley. lie delivered twenty-two gospel sermons. i 
stated In my former article that live had come forward. One 
more has since then confessed Christ, and now ail have been 
baptized. — J. P. Moomaw, Williams, Oregon, Dec, 19, 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

Diuinlngs Creek church met in council Dec. 1 1' In (lie Xi-w 
Paris house. We elected officers for tin- coming year. Bl'O, 
T. B. Michael was reelected Messenger agent; Bro. A. D. 
Rotr/er, treasurer; Brethren Joseph O. Roiizer and Emmanuel 
Calllhan, and sister Mary Smith, were eh cted solicitors. 
The writer was chosen church correspondent. — Levi Rogers, 
.\lum Bank, Pa., Dec. 21. 

Hanover. — Tire writer has been serving as District Evan- 
gelist since Jan. 1. 1913, The mission work at the various 
points seems to be moving along favorably. A number have 
been added to the church. The Mission Board lins been alive 
to the interests of the work. The Treasurer and Secretary 
have visited Newport, and the Board reported favorably 
concerning the building of a house of worship, On Wednes- 
day Kid. J. A. Long, President of the Board, broke ground for 
the foundation of the building. A building will be removed 
from another point and rebuilt, We are now looking forward 
to a rapid development of the work. The present place of 
worship 1 is too small for our church services. We. are hope- 
ful that a working congregation will be established here In 
the future. — W. H, Miller, District Evangelist, South Street, 
Hanover. Pa„ Dec. 13, 

Johnstown (Walnut Grove), — As a result of the personal 
work, in connection with the William A, Sunday evangelistic 
campaign in Johnstown, thirty-four were received into the 
church by baptism, and three were reclaimed, — Mary Berke- 
bllo, G0-J -Franklin SIrcct, Johnstown. Pa., Dec. 17. 

Little Swatara.— i)ui- church held lor council Dec. 8. Eld. 
i M, Wenger presided. One Idler of membership was granted. 
Mm Sunday-school officers wire elected for next year. Bro, 
('. R. Bocshore was chosen superintendent of the Meikey 
Sunday-school; Bro. Ellas Frantss, superintended «r the 
Sllegler school; Bro. A. I.. Light, superintendent of the Union 
school; the writer, superintendent of the Kryslown school. A 
series of meetings will begin at the Meyers house Jan. 3, 
where Bro. Dlller Meyer, of Bare vl lb-. Pa., Is expected to 
a.-slsl. tine dear soul was burled with Christ in baptism 
H. M. Frantz, Myerslown, Pa., Dee. 111. 

Lower Conewago. — Our church converted In council Dec. in 
at the Wolgamuth house. Our elder. Bro. U. Cook, presided. 
Two certificates were received, Bro. Win. Wall was reelected 
trustee of the Wolgamuth house. We have arranged that 
,,iii trustees serve three years, one being elected every year, 
i .lit next council will he at I lie Berinudlan house the last 
Saturday in March, Bro. ffm, Murphy, of Carlisle. Pa., held 
a ten days' revival at the Strinetown Mission church. Breth- 
ren from that part of (he congregation told me that Bro. 
Murphy preached tin- Wind with power, and deep impressions 
weir made, — G. W. Harlacher, Dover. Pa., Dec. Ml. 

Philadelpb'a (Firs! Church ••( the Brethren, Dauphin Street 
above Broad street). — On Sunday evening seven dear ones 
were burled with Christ in baptism, and the following Sun- 
day evening another one made the good choice and entered 
the fob) by baptism. Our mission class on "The New Amer- 
Ica" -'ruled with much regret, for these .studies are Intonsels 
Interesting and Inspiring. There have been requests for an- 
other class, ami we hope, In Die near future, to start another 
mission class.— Mrs. VVm. Ii, B, Schnell, 1D06 N. Park Avenue, 
Philadelphia. Pa.. Dec 19. 

Pleasant Hill church nut In council Dec. 20, with Eld, David 
Ilohf presiding. We decided to have our love feast May 2, at 
4 P. M. We also reorganized our* Sunday-school. Our Thanks- 
giving collection i inted t" J77; — ■ Amanda K. Miller, R. D. 

2, Spring Grove. Pa., 22. 

Union CbapeL— iho. George Vanslckle, In a two weeks' 
series of meetings; preached fourteen sermons. The interest 
was very good, with a .splendid attendance eSCll night. One 
was reclaimed, and twenty-nine received by baptism. Several 
others are counting the eost.— M. W, Fike. Markleysburg, Pa., 
Dec, 22. 

Uoper ConeTCajo church held Thanksgiving services in the 
East Berlin House, and also the Latlmore house, where offer- 
ing a were lifti I Foi both home and foreign missions. Dec. 20 
iv,- met in council al East Berlin. Our eider, Bro C L. 
Baker, pn ided. One letter was granted. The writer was 
,, ■-],-,[.. i superintendent of the Sunday-school at ibis place, 

i,,, the e.vning year. We expect to reorganize fully tl »m- 

|„ g Sunday. Wc decided t" hold our spring love feast al the 

,v ■ , i e May 30 and 31, and the fall love feast at the 

I m ,., ... house Oct, 21 and L'.j. — Andrew Bowser, East Berlin. 
Pa., Dec. 22. 

West G-reentree. — We hegan a series of meetings at Rheems 
Dec. G, which Close I DOC -I. The weather was pleasant nearly 

II ||,,. time. The attendance was good. Bro. Jacob L. Myers 
labored with us. He gave us the Gospel in its simplicity. 

,\ s fi v , :,!,!,■. result of the I tings, six came out on the Lord's 

• i !e. Others seem t" be near the kingdom. We feel en- 
■ ouraged to press on In the Lord's service. — S. R. McDannel. 
Wlizftbethtown, Pa.. Dec. 23. 

Williamson-— Our series of meetings, which began Nov, 29, 
closed Dee, 14, Bro. *'.. E. Voder, of Elk Lick, Pa., who con- 
ducted the meetings, labored very earnestly. He gave a half 
hour's lesson each evening on the Book of Revelation, pre- 
ceding the sermon. Two were baptized at the close of the 
meetings. Others Seem to be near the kingdom. One applied 
for membership since the meetings closed. All feel strength- 
. rod spiritually. — Pearl Heckman, B. D. 1. Williamson. Pa.. 
Ii,-,'. 32. 

Woodbury.— Eld. J. Kurtz Miller, of Brooklyn. N. Y., began 
K Bible Term and evangelistic effort Nov. 30. We took up the 
study Of the Gospel Of John and the Epistles of John, and 
practically completed them by the close of the two weeks' 
term. We feel that these days of special Bible study are very 
helpful to the church, lt is a good thing to bring souls to 



Chrlat, hoi it is illv g I to build them up in Christ. 

I'hese Bible sessions were well attended, and good interest 
prevailed throughout. Bro. Miller also gave us a lecture on 
"The Second Coming of Christ," which was well received and 
njoyed by all. \\ v expeot Bro. Miller to be with us again 
next year.— J. C. Stayer, Woodbury, Pa., Dec, S3, 

VIRGINIA. 

Beaver Creek (Southern District).— Our congregation held 

an ill il.iv Mtssti rj Meeting Dec. 14. An Interesting pro- 
gram was rendered, and some very interesting speeches were 

made in behalf of mission work. A collection of $4.83 was 

taken foi World-Wide Missions.— Richard Reed, Sowers, Va 
Dec. 19. 

Bridgewater congregation met in council Dec. 13 Eld 
Jacob Gllek opened the meeting. Nine members were received 

t,v 'otter, and save n letters were granted. Encouraging 

reports were give ' work done In our West Virginia mis- 
sion tb. ids during the summer months by Sister Ollle Kerlin, 

Bro, M. M Myers and Itro. C <',. Moms,., Eld, H. G. Miller 

woi elected as elder of the congregation for one year. We 
deolded to use (Ifteon dollars In sending the Gospel Messen- 
ger to poor families In the congregation, [do Pry, Bridge- 
water. Va., Dec. 20. 

Elk Bun church mel in council 1 1:1. with Eld. w. H. 

Zlgler presiding, la * home congregation we now have 

one hundred ami seventeen members: al Griffin and Bells 
Valley churahes, ,our two mission points, twenty-four and 

lifts members, respectively. We have 1 ntly purchased the 

Cralgsville Baptist church In the Bells Valley territory. Bro 
s ' '■■ Huffman was reelected si i n de t our Sunday- 
school for the coming year. -Sarah C. Zlgler, Churchville Vo 
Dec, ID. 

Hawklustown. Bi iorge A, Phillips, of Waynesboro, 

\a, came to „nr place DOC i:i and preached for us at Walk- 
ers Chapel tin- nexl day, 11 was his sixty-second birthday 
Ills text was "How obi an thou?" (Gen, 17: 8). He also 

m 'eac 1 al night and on Monday night. He also gave one 

talk In ibe In - of an aged brother in tin- village. On Mon- 

flo-y h" and a brother, seventy-elghl years of age, walked 

over i' ■ miles and called al eighteen homes, Bro, Phillips 

Is not as strong a man -1 ue was at the hospital, a few 

years ago, bul whon able to travel spends part of ids time 
soliciting for the Orphans' Home al Tlmberville, M-- is u 

wer, full of God'a good Spirit, arid much beloved by 

an whom in- meets. Sarah Bauman, Hawklnstown, Va., Dec. 

luray. — A series of meetings, 1 lucted by four of the 

homo ministers al the [do Grove church, assisted by Sister 
Mars E, Martin, of Mount Airy, Md., began Dec, 2 and closed 
Doc, is. Sister Martin is a forcible speaker, ami has done 

'Ii """'I in ' church, I'-or over *vo wooIih she preached 

to full houses, One confessed Christ, ai anj others were 

ler conviction, We hope to have her with us again soon, 

She Is missionary thai iocs her work. B, C, Broyles, Lu- 
ruy, Va., Deo. 22. 

Peier» Creek congregation mel in council Dec. 20. with Eld, 
.1 11. Garst presiding, Two letters of membership were 
granted and one was received, We decided to reorganize our 
Sunday-school and Christian Workers' Mooting on Christmas 
Day.— Ida Showultor, if, D, 8, Rohnoke, Va., Dec, 22, 

Summit.— The Lord's work at this place Is moving along 
nicely. We have .lust piis.-u.il through a spiritual revival. The 
meetings commenced Nbv 20, Bro. John Hess preached two 

I'l-umns and Bro, J, T. Click |.i.-:i<li.-.l our s.'iinon, Later on 

Bl'O, Caleb I g, of Maryland, preached sixteen soul stirring 

• : 0,11s. The lu-lp that Bro, Long and bis wife rendered, 

during these meetings, lias been a gnat id ess inn. Sixteen 
dear bouIb were mado willing to accept Christ. Fifteen were 

baptized and one was recloli 1 One dear lamb was baptized 

n few weeks before the meetings began, making a total of 

seventeen. -Mi bul two were members of ■ Sunday-school. 

lieiiii-ia j, Miller, Bridgewater, Va., Dee. 17. 
Troutvilie.- -Our Thanksgiving service at Troutvllle, Vn„ 
was will attended, The sermon was preached by one of our 

home ministers, wl Bed Tor a text Eph. 5: 20, The offering 

ted to over (36. Of this amount J'-'n was given to the 

church in 1 : 1 1 1 ■ ri . ■ 1 . 1 . \v. Va., and the remainder was applied nn 
the New Bethel church In our own congregation, The fallow- 
ing Sundas evening we organized a Christian Workers' Band 
;■! the Troutvilie church, with Sister Phelps as president. — 

C Ii. IFyltnn, Troutvilie, Va., Dec 22, 

WEST VIRGINIA. 

Crab Orchard congregation convened in council Dec. in. 
Bid, .1. W. Rogers presided. The church decided to get Bro. 
K Fj, '"lower lo uu.ve hen-, U, take charge of the Lord's work 
.mother year. We reorganized our Sunday-school, with Sister 
I tot la Snuffer as superintendent We had our communion 
service on the evening of Oct. 11. Not many communed, but 

we hail a pleasant ting, Brethren J. A. Rlner and E. L. 

Clover officiated, Josle Snuffer, Crab Orchard, w. Va., Dec. 
it. 

Shlloh. - We mel In council Dec. 20.' Our elder, Bro, Obed 
rlamstead, presided, Brethren Albert Wilson, John \V. Bol- 
s.ini and Seldon Poling were elected deacons, They are to 
in' installed later. A husband and wife were reclaimed. A 
series of meetings is to be'held at each point in our congre- 
gatlon, t>m series of meetings will commence at the Shlloh 
house January 31, If we can procure an evangelist at that 

l We decided to get Bro. Ezra Pike, with Bro, obed 

Mamstead to assist hho. L lie R, Bolyard, Kasson, W. Va., 

WASHINGTON. 
East Wenatchoe.— We met for services on Thanksgiving 
\,;x: Each of our ministers gave w short, appropriate talk. 
The Thanksgiving offering, amounting to $7.17, was turned 
over to our local Mission Lniir.i, to lie appropriated as they 
maj deem best Dec, 13 our members met In council, with 
Eld. J. -I. Filbfun presiding. All church officers were then 
elected for the ensuing year, Bro. A, B. Peters was chosen 
elder*! lit" Edward Oenslnger, clerk; Brethren B. F. Ikenberry 
ami Wm. Calllson, trustees; Sister Lottie Sellers. Messenger 
correspondent and agent: Bro. O. V. Sellers, treasurer; Bro. L. 

.), Sellers. Sunday-scl l superintendent; Sister Rosa Davld- 

aon, iu>. si, but of Christian Workers' Meeting. We are now in 
ibe midst of a revival meeting, conducted by Bro. M. F. 
Woods, of Centralis, this Stat.-.— Vlnnie A. Sellers, Wenatchee, 
u ai ii . Dec, 1 7. 



CORRESPONDENCE 



• Write what thoi 



unto the churches " 



SANGERVILLE, VIRGINIA. 
Our love feast of Nov. IS was a very enjoyable oc- 
casion. It was not so largely attended as on former oc- 
casions, on account of the very rainy weather. Bro. 
Luther Miller, of the Cooks Creek congregation, Va., of- 
ficiated. He began a series of meetings at the same place 
Nov. 16, and continued each evening until Nov. 30. The 
meetings were wejl attended. Splendid interest was man- 
ifested, and good order prevailed. The church has been 



14 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 3, 1914. 



built up and strengthened. Eight dear young sisters 
confessed Christ and were baptized. One brother was 
reclaimed. Many good impressions were made, and we 
hope that the good seed sown may yet bring forth much 
fruit. 

Dec. 4 we met in council. Our elder, Bro. J. W. Winr, 
presided. Eld. J. M. Kagey, from the Cooks Creek con- 
gregation, and Eld. A. D. Thomas, from the Beaver 
Creek congregation, were present. Their presence and 
counsel were greatly appreciated. Much business came 
before the meeting and was disposed of pleasantly. One 
letter of membership was received. Sister Annie V. Mil- 
ler was appointed corresponding secretary for the Gos- 
pel Messenger. Brethren A. J. Miller and G. E. Garber 
were appointed superintendents for the Sunday-school at 
the Sangerville house; Brethren S. L. Wine and A. S. 
Driver for the Branch house, and Brethren J. S. Karicofe 
and J. W. Michael for the Emmanuel Sunday-school. 

The Sisters' Aid Society gave their yearly report to 

the church. It was decided to have worship at each of 

our three churchhouses on Christmas. A special collec- 

I tion is to be held that day, for the purpose of donating 

the Gospel Messenger to those who are not members. 

A committee was appointed to confer with some one at 
Bridgewatcr College, in reference to conducting a Bible 
class at the Sangerville house during Christmas week. 

The Missionary Committee reported eighty-seven days 
spent in the mission territory during the year, and sev- 
enty-nine sermons preached. At the beginning of the 
year there were 505 members in the congregation. Dur- 
ing the year nineteen were received by baptism, six by 
letter, and four reclaimed. Twenty-four were given let- 
ters and six have died. At present we have a member- 
ship of 490. There were seventy-one in the mission ter- 
ritory at the beginning of the year, and eight were re- 
ceived by baptism, making a membership of seventy-nine. 

R. D. 2, Bridgewater, Va., Dec. 5. Annie R. Miller. 



said, "But a Christian can not tell a He." "That's so," 
he replied, and quoted the ninth commandment. 

Professor and Mrs. Pratt spent two days with us. They 
are on a tour of India, and were exceedingly pleased with 
what they saw while in our midst. He is teacher of 
philosophy in Williams College, Mass., and is preparing 
to write a book on the " Psychology of Religion." Big 
subject. 

The time of year is good to return to the field,— not 
too hot to begin the winter campaign, nor cool enough 
to feel it. 

Taking hold again makes an old missionary feel glad. 
He knows his job, likes his people, does not need to hes- 
itate to do things, and trusts in God for, results. There 
is but one way open to become an old missionary, Take 
hold of the work that falls to a new missionary. 

Ankleshwer, India. Wilbur B. Stover. 



HAGERSTOWN, MARYLAND. 

Our series of meetings, which began Nov. 12, closed Dec. 
9,— the most successful one ever held in the history of the 
llagerstown church. 

Bro. Geo. W. Flory, of Covington, Ohio, who did the 
preaching, is no respecter of persons. His strong denun- 
ciations of sin and his clear and forceful presentations of 
the Christ strongly appealed to the large and attentive 
audiences present each evening. 

On Thanksgiving Day we met for worship at 10:30. 
This service, together with the baptism of sixteen young 
people, made the day one of thanksgiving indeed. 

On Sunday afternoon, Nov. 30, at 2:30, a men's meet- 
ing was held. The church and Sunday-school auditoriums 
were crowded. About 1,200 men were present. 

Bro. A. B. Miller, our pastor, had charge of the song 
service. His efficiency made this part of the service help- 
ful and inspiring. 

The final results of these meetings can not be counted 
alone by the 166 conversions. Seventy-four of these are 
from the Sunday-school. Ninety-five are young men and 
women under thirty years of age. Among the number are 
twenty-eight husbands and twenty-nine wives. Eighteen 
were restored to church fellowship. Fourteen homes were 
united in church relationship. So far 141 of the applicants 
have been baptized; others await the initiatory rite. We 
rejoice in the coming of Bro. Flory into our midst, but wc 
also realize that there was a faithful band of home work- 
ers, busy in the interest of a great spiritual campaign. The 
result is far beyond dur expectations, but we feel that the 
praise belongs to God. 

Our love feast will be held on Jan. 4, at 5 P. M. 

128 E. Washington Street. Gamma L. Krider. 



THE FIRST WEEK. 

Our return to our field of labor has been one of great 
joy. Sept. 16 is just the time of year to sail, if you like 
smooth seas. Our forty days at sea gave us splendid 
rest 

On the way from Bombay to Ankleshwer, as well as in 
Bombay, we were met by those we know and love, and 
our warm "Welcome home" touched our hearts. 

It was Sunday night. We had been twenty-four hours 
at Ankleshwer. A poor Christian Bhil wanted an inter- 
view with the missionaries. Bro. Holsopple and I sat 
down to listen to the story. A caste man had seized him 
by the throat, had thrown him down, kicked him twice 
and torn his coat. What was it all about? Well, they 
were cutting grass with sickles. He had 52 men at 
work, and they absconded when the fuss was on. But 
what was it all about? " They wanted to make us keep 
right at it, and not stop for dinner, and at two o'clock 
1 said, 'We must eat,' as we were all getting weak." 

This is but part of the story. We all three got down 
on the floor and prayed about it. After the old brother 
had gone, I told Quincy, " Such tales touch my heart." 

But it was interesting to see his growing conscience. 
He had been working on Sunday. They threatened to 
sue him for leaving the job. I asked him what he would 
say to the court if asked if this happened on Sunday. 
He suggested he might say that it was on Saturday. I 



C 



FALLEN ASLEEP 



LORAMIE, OHIO. 

Nov. 9 Bro. Charles Flory, of Pleasant Hill, Ohio, 
began a revival in this congregation, near Dawson, which 
continued two weeks. Each night he preached a soul- 
reviving sermon, and each day made several visits in the 
homes of members, and others not of our faith. Several 
mornings he arose before daylight and made a visit in 
some hor- 1 "/ before breakfast. He delivered fifteen ser- 
mons, an> jnade at least twice as many visits, to explain 
the Scrip res to those who wanted him to. He also 
presided our council, and went with us nine miles to 
baptize t se whom he had the privilege of seeing cornt 
into the urch. He also officiated at our love feast. 

Nov. 2 the last day Bro. Flory was with us, he con- 
ducted our morning worship at 7 A. M., after which 
breakfast was served at the church. At 9:30 A. M. he 
taught the Sunday-school lesson to the entire audience. 
At 10 A. M. he conducted a Children's Meeting, using a 
beautiful object lesson. At 11 A. M. he preached a 
strong sermon, after which dinner was served at the 
church. At one o'clock he conducted a special prayer 
meeting, preparatory to a visit he intended to make in 
the afternoon. After having made his visit, he delivered 
a special sermon at 6 P. M. to the young people. At 7 
P. M. he conducted another preaching service, which 
lasted until 10 P. M. The people here have only good 
words for Bro. Flory's efforts. This kind of work can 
only be accomplished by men who talk much with God. 

Dawson, Ohio, Dec. 9. L. C. McCorkle. 



SISTERS' AID SOCIETIES 



ENGLISH PRAIRIE. IND. — Our society was first organized 
March 30, 1904, with Sister Minnie Brallier as President. 
Our average attendance then was fifteen, and the average con- 
tribution $2.18. The total amount received was $26.22. We 
have been growing steadily until our report for this year Is 
as follows: Fourteen meetings were held, with an average 
attendance of thirty, and an average contribution of J3.80. 
We paid $20 to the China Orphanage, $5 to the Boys' School 
in China, and gave $66.68 to other mission work. The total 
amount received was $50.07. Our work consisted of quilting 
i-ight quilts, sewing about 100 pounds of carpet rags, and 
tying twelve comforters. "We feel much encouraged with 
tur year's work. The following officers were elected for the 
coming year: Sister Jennie Kaub, President; Sister Annie 
light. Vice-president; Sister Nora Burger, Superintendent; 
Sister Nellie Coder, Secretary, and Sister Laura Wolf, Treas- 
urer. — Pearl Agley, Howe, Ind., Dec. 21. 

MORRILL, XAHS.— The report of our Aid Society for the 
year 1913 Is as follows: Sister William Flickinger is our 
Tresident; Sister E. Landes, Vice-president; Sister C. B. 
Smith, Treasurer; the writer, Secretary. We received $38.91, 
paid out $35.38. We sent $5 to McPherson, to help to furnish 
a room. We sent a comforter and sheets to Bethany, amount- 
ing to $5.38. Twice we sent clothing to Kansas City. To 
Sister C, 'B. Smith we sent $15, and to the Kansas City Mis- 
sion $5. We furnished a cap to a sister, at twenty-five cents; 
.p. v sack of flour to another sister, at. $1.20. Underwear and 
outing cost us $1.50; incidentals, $2.05. We held forty meet- 
ings, with an average attendance of seven. During the ex- 
tremely hot weather we had no meetings. — Mrs. H. E. Bowers, 
Secretary. Morrill. Kans., Dec. 19. 

SUGAR creek, ind. — The following is the report of our 
Sisters* Aid Society for the year ending Dec. 5, 1913: During 
the year we held fourteen meetings, with an average attend- 
ance of fifteen. We made twelve garments, quitted twelve 
quilts, pieced and joined three tops, knotted eleven comfort- 
ers, pieced six tops, made and sold twenty-one prayer-cover- 
ings, donated nine prayer-coverings, made and sold one bon- 
net, and donated one bonnet. We also sewed twenty-two pounds 
of carpet rags. During the year we received $123.14. This 
Includes free-will offerings, three sale dinners, sale of com- 
forters, quilts, prayer-coverings and bonnets. Our expenses 
for the year were $105.99. Out of this we bought dishes, 
knives, forks and spoons for the church, which cost $34.98, 
and gave $12.50 for song books for the church. We also gave 
Sister Nora Shively $15 for conducting the singing at our 
revival meetings. Dec. 5 we reorganized our society, with 
Sister Dora Bollinger as President; Sister Amanda Emley, 
Vice-president; the writer, Secretary- treasurer. — Manerva 
Kitch. R. D. 2, South Whitley, Ind.. Dec. 17. 



r~ 



MATRIMONIAL 



' Watt therefore God hath joined together, let not nun jut 



Marriage nottoM ihoald t» tcoompanlad by SO oanta 



Keif or- worn er. — By the undersigned, at the home of the 
writer. Johnstown, Pa., Dec. 1G. 1913. Bro. Harry F. Keifer 
;iiid Sister Jessie M. Horner, both of Johnstown, Pa. — W. M. 
Howe, 1012 Bedford Street, Johnstown, Pa. 

Sloniker-Gnrber. — By the undersigned, at the home of the 
ride's parents, Dec. 17. 1913, Bro. Roy W. Slonlker, o/ 



Franklin Grove, 111., and Sister Martha D. Garbei 
Defiance, Va. — D. M. Glick, Trevilian. Va. 



of Fait 



" Blessed ore the dead which, die 1h the Lord ' 



Baldwin, Zona G., son of L-aban and Mary Baldwin, born 
in Grant County. Ind.. March 3. 1885. died at his home lo 
Summitvllle, Ind.. Dec. 11. 1913. aged 28 years. 9 months and 
5 days. He was united in marriage to Minnie B. Kelley. To 
this union were born two sons. He leaves a wife, two sons, 
his father and mother, three brothers and one sister. He 
went to bed. complaining of a severe headache, and at four 
o'clock in the morning was found dead. Services by the 
writer In the M. E. church, assisted by Rev. M. B. Graham, 
of the Methodist church. Text. Matt. 24: 44. — W. L. Hatcher. 
Summitvllle, Ind. 

Btseg-hly. Bro. David, born in Somerset County. Pa., Sept. 
28. 1832. died at his home In Ashland, Ohio, Sept. 17. 1913. 
aged 80 years, 11 months and 19 days. He moved with his 
parents to Ashland County when twenty years of. age, locat- 
ing near the Maple Grove church, of which church he was a 
devoted member for over fifty years. He was married to 
Sarah S. Rudy Oct. 11, 1863. To this union eight children 
were born, seven of whom survive. One son and the mother 
passed to their reward. In October. 1888. he was married 
to Sister Barbara Saylor, who survives him. Bro. Beeghly 
was the son of John and Catherine Beeghly, and was next to 
the oldest in a family of thirteen children. Services by Eld. 
W. Lt. Desenberg. Interment in Maple Grove cemetery. — J. 
J. Beeghly, Ashland, Ohio. 

Brillliart, Bro. Samuel, born Oct. 13, 1852, died Dec. 7, 1913. 
aged 61 years. 1 month and 24 days. His wife and two sisters 
survive. Death was due to heart trouble. He was a faith- 
ful member of the Church of the Brethren. Services by the 
writer and Eld. Jacob M. Myers at the Codorus house. Text, 
John 11: 25, 26. Interment in the cemetery adjoining the 
church. — J. L. Myers, Loganville, Pa. 

Bryson, Everett, son of Mr. and Mrs. Paul Bryson, died Dec. ^,- 
13. 1913. aged 3 years. The cause of his death was diphtheH" JCJ 
Services at the Mount Union church. — Mary Wolf 
Beechurst Avenue. Morgantown, W. Va. -.^ (Deal) 

Cbxise, Bro. Moses, son of Michael and Nanc- j' ■ dJ ed of 
Chrise, born in Somerset County, Pa„ April 18, lS4il g y?-' Pa., 
liver trouble at his home in Markleysburg, Fayet '' ' " e ^as 
Dec. 15. 1913, aged 73 years, 7 months and 27 dayMn,,' J ° this 
united in marriage to Mahala Chrise Oct. 21, lS6tar. £ e e sons 
union were born five sons and six daughters. 1 nr 1 tw ° 
and three daughters preceded him. His aged wlL -Chrise 
sons, three daughters and one sister survive. Bro , e °- in 
united with the Church of the Brethren many years.v." e was - 
which faith he died. The evening before he died S y °ro. 
anointed. Services at the Pleasant View chufch b0- ln the 
George W. Vansickle. Text, 1 Cor. 15: 22. ( Interment ird*-. 
Thomas cemetery. — Jeremiah Beeghly, Markleysburg, Fa.**ng. 
Courson, Bro. George W.. born in Licking County, Ohio, 
Aug. 10, 1842, died in the Salem congregation, 111., Nov. 23, 
1913, aged 71 years, 3 months and 13 days. His first wife 
died years ago. He was then married to Sarah Hershberger 
Nov. 20, 1881, who, with one daughter, survives him. He had 
been ailing about two years. He united with the Church of 
the Brethren March 12, 1888, and was a member when he died. 
—Jacob Hershberger, Salem, 111. 

rausler, Jacob, son of Emmanuel and Catharine Fausler, 
born Feb. 11, 1839, In Richland County, Ohio, died Dec. 13, 
1913, aged 74 years, 10 months and 2 days. He came to In- 
diana when he was twenty-one "years old, with the family 
of John Lutz, with whom he made his home until Nov. 8, 
1866, when he was married to Mary E. Lehman. To this 
union were born two sons and five daughters. One daughter 
and one son preceded him in death. His wife died Aug. 24, 
1893. Dec. IS, 1896, he was married to Mrs. Margaret Miller, 
and with her resided in the village of Cedar until his death. 
At about the age of twenty-one years he united with the 
Methodist church, but later united with the Church of the 
Brethren at Cedar In 1904. remaining ever faithful. He leaves 
his wife "and the members of her family, five children and 
two brothers. Services by Bro. D. E. Hoover, assisted by 
Bro. J. W. Kitson. — Sadie Ober, Laotto, Ind. 

Frantz, Sister Anna, nee Boeshore, born Aug. 19. 1851, died 
at her home at Bethel, Berks County, Pa., Dec. 5, 1913, aged 
62 years, 3 months and 16 days. She was united In marriage 
to Bro. John G. Frantz. This union was blessed with a son 
and three daughters, who survive her. The husband preceded 
her In death about seven months. She united with the 
church in her youth, and lived faithful. Services by Breth- 
ren E. M. Wenger and Jacob Pfautz at the Frystown meet- 
inghouse. Text, Isa. 40: 1. Interment in the adjoining ceme- 
tery. — H. M. Frantz, R, D. 5, Myerstown, Pa., Dec. 10. 

Gig-ax, Catharine, nee Miller, born at. Archbold, Ohio, Dec. 
28, 1848, died at Grand Junction, Colo., Dec. 10, 1913, aged 
64 years, 11 months and 12 days. She was united in marriage 
to Gottfried Gigax at Elmira, Ohio, 'May 11, 1865. To this 
union were born twelve children, eleven of whom survive her. 
Two sisters and two brothers also remain. She was con- 
certed in her youth and later united with the Church of the 
Brethren, of which she was an exemplary member until her 
death. Faithful to her domestic duties, yet she was ever 
ready to respond to every demand for sympathy and aid. 
Funeral discourse from John 10: 27-31 by the undersigned. — 
S. Z. Sharp, Fruita, Colo. 

Kephart, Bro. George W., born near Hollidaysburg, Blair 
Co., Pa„ May 30, 1836. died Dec. 1, 1913, at his residence, 423 
Fifth Avenue, Altoona. Pa., aged 77 years, 6 months and 1 
day. He had been in falling health for quite a while, his last 
illness extending over a period of three years. In 1870 he 
came to Altoona, where he has since then resided. He was 
employed as welghmaster In the foundries of the Pennsyl- 
vania Railroad Company for a number of years. He was an 
active and consistent member of the Sixth Avenue Church of 
the Brethren for more than forty years. He served as dea- 
con since 1883. being the oldest of the present board of dea- 
cons. Bro. Kephart united with the Church of the Brethren 
injearly life, in what was then the Duncansville congregation. 
When the Altoona church was organized, he was the first 
deacon to take up the work here. Oct. 11, 1883, he was mar- 
ried to Louise A. Engle, who survives with one son. Services 
in the Sixth Avenue Church of the Brethren by Eld. W. S. 
Long, assisted by other home ministers and several from ad- 
joining congregations. Text, Psa. 4: 3. Interment in the 
Carson Valley cemetery, where short services were also held. 
— S. N. Brumbaugh, 2511 Eighth Avenue, Altoona, Pa. 

Klein, Sister Mary M„ died Dec 5, 1913, aged 80 years and 
20 days. She suffered four years, but bore it with Christian 
patience. She had a pleasant disposition and lived a consis- 
tent Christian life. She was anointed several times during 
her illness. Two sons and six daughters survive her. Serv- 
ices at the Locust Grove church by Bro. J. O. Williar, assisted 
by Bro. S. K. Utz. Text, Acts 7: 59.— Maggie E. Ecker, Mount 
Airy, Md. 

Martin, Sister Anna Mary, nee Beckner. wife of Joseph 
Martin, born in Montgomery County, Ohio, .Feb. 18, 1846, died 
at her home near Logansport, Cass Co., Ind., Dec. 15, 1913. 
Dec. 6, 1874, she was united in marriage to Joseph Martin. 
Four sons and four daughters were born to this union. One 
daughter preceded her In death about two years ago. Sister 
Martin united with the Church of the Brethren with her 
husband in February, 1887., She was a faithful and exem- 
plary member. Her husband and seven children survive. 
Services at the residence by Bro. Irvin Fisher, of Mexico, 



md assisted by the 

Luke 14: S.— Chas. B. Ob^rlin, 




THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 3, 1914. 



IS 



Oberlln. Text. 



d Bro. Allen 
!L,ogansport, Ind. 

Brother and Sister Henry 

near Logansport, Ind.. Dec. 16. 

md 22 days. Two days before 

face by a horse, which 



Michaels. Ola, daught 
Michaels, died at their h 
1913, aged 5 years 

ner death ■**** b _ ~"J" '\ [the church in Flora by Eld. 1 

?Tnav h e>. Tex, S ^"Aj "£ ^terment In the Ma P ,< 
? a wn cemetery.-Mattle V^ltyH Flora '. Ind - • 

Ober Levi S.. born Juno Co. »«?* I" Bedford County 
died Dec \ 1313, aged, 77 year, M m . on *>)?_ and _ 1B dtt >" 
was married to Elizabeth 
where they lived until looo. 
County. Ind., where he resided 
To this union were born eight ( 
V ive Sister Ober and one daugr 
united with the Church of the 
of 1904. Last spring, while he ^ 
he realized that his earthly care< 



."-Iters In 1S57 In Pennsylvania. 

■>-^rhen they moved to DeKalb 
until called away by death, 
hildren, seven of whom sur- 
ter preceded him. Bro. Ober 
3rethren during Hie summer 
fas yet able to go to church t 
rould shortly be finished. 



ret_f ■•"-*- "> 
le "therefore, called for the pointing service He "leave 
four daughters and three sons. I l one brother and one slste: 
Services by Bro. J. W. Kltson. (.„, , 

Pratt, Sister Etta Grace, — 
in Shephenson County, III., 
month and 8 days. Sister Pratt u\ 
quite young. She was married to 
16 1888. To this union were born 
with their father, survive. Bro. P 
by the writer, assisted by Bro. I. 
Services In the Baptist church, I 
Carl, 1125 Alblna Avenue, Portl; 

Frnsn, Etta "V., nee Ballow, borr*3* 
at Prosser. Nebr.. Dec. 10, 1913. ag^i" 
in marriage to Andrew D. Prush ^ J 
Nebr. Seven children were born to 
In 1896 Sister Prush united with tl 
at Juniata, Nebr., and remalni'd fa,.' 11 ' 1 ' 

for many years from paralysis. SettY 1 " 3 ** ™e writer. Text, 
Luke 8: 52. Interment In the 
Hargleroad, Hastings, Nebr. 

Bogers, Sister Sadie A., born ^ ijElkhart County Aug. 
1864 died at her home south of 0^«ola Dec. 
years, 3 months and 24 day: 



ted by Bro. D. E. Hoover. 
Ind. 

born March 1. 186(5, 

d £M ec - s - 1913, a 6 e(1 4 " years, 9 

' Sited with the church when 

Edward Wilson Pratt Sept. 

a daughter and a son, who. 

att Is a minister. Services 

H. Fox. Text, Psa. 116:15. 

dmond, Oregon. — Geo. C. 

Oregon. 

In Vermont In 1861, died 

52 years. She was united 

une 16, 1S8G, at Juniata, 

this union. Six survive. 

,e Church of the Brethren 

thful. She suffered much 

/rlter 

jjjuniata cemetery.- 



. 1913. aged 
.She was the daughter of 



April, 



19. 1883, she was united 



Bev . and Mrs Henry Burket ■ ~*£JL r husband , one daughter ; 
-\w o brothel survlvf «<"« Rogers united 



son and 



with the Church of the Brethren in 1892, and was a faithful 
and earnest worker until affliction came upon her. For the 
last "hree years she was unable to leave her home. She man- 
ifested a very patient spirit. Services at the Osceola Breth- 
ren church by Eld. Frank Krelder and the writer. — Bert 
Pontius. B. D. 4. Elkhart, Ind. 

Schwarts, Sister Pearl, daughter of Louis E. and Sister 
Josephine Schwartz, died of diphtheria Dec. 16, 1913. aged 11 
years. S months and 6 days. The demise was sad and very 
unexpected. Her parents and two sisters survive. Services 
liy the writer at the grave. Text. Zech. S: 5.— W. M. Howe, 
1012 Bedford Street, Johnstown, Po. 

Sell, Bro. Joseph, born June 9, 1S40. In Blair County, Pa.. 
•lied near his birthplace Dec. 10, 1913, from diseases Incident 
to advanced age. He united with the church when he was a 
young man and lived a consistent Christian life. His first 
wife. Bachel Smith, died the eleventh day after their mar- 
ilage. His second wife was Catharine Allbrlght. For a num- 
ber of years he lived In Ogle County, III., but later he moved 
to Gage County, Nebr. A few years ago he returned to his 
old home Jn Pennsylvania, He was greatly devoted to the 
church, and while health permitted was in his place at public 
services. He loved his home and his people, nnd It was fitting 
that his last years could be spent with them. In a family of 
eight brothers, he waa the second to pass awny. Bro. George 
Sell, of Missouri, preceded him only a short time. Services 
tn the Leamersvlllo church by Bro. \V, S, Long. Text 1 Cor. 
15: 21.— Jas. A. Sell, Hollldaysburg, Pa. 

Shaffer, Sister Clara Grace, died Dec. 7, 1913, aged 38 years, 
7 months nnd 10 days. She was the eldest daughter of the 
late Eld. Samuel F. and Rebecca Beiman. She was united in 
marrlnge to Eld. J. J. Shaffer on Christmas, 1899. To thorn 
were born three sons and three daughters. The youngest 
daughter Is only ten days old. The mother Is survived by 
her husband, six children, her mother, two brothers and one 
sister. Sister Shaffer united with the Church of the Brethren 
In the Brothers Valley congregation nt the age of ten years, 
and remained faithful. Interment In the cemetery at the 
Pike church. Services by Eld. Win, Howe, assisted by Eld. 
D. H. Walker. — J. C. Beiman, Berlin, Pa. 

Stoner, Sister Elizabeth 1., widow of the late Bro. Joseph 
Stoner, died Oct. 14, 1913, at the home of her son, Bro. C. B 
Stoner, near Hanover, Pa., In her eighty-third year. She Is 
survived by one son. Services at the Meadow Branch church 
by Brethren F. D. Anthony. E. C. Brown and D. II, Baker, — 
W. B. Harlacher, 410 Locust Street, Hanover, Pa. 

Stonerook, Sister Mary, daughter of John A. Putorbaugh, 
born July 6, 1823, died Dec. 8, 1913. She resided In tho vicin- 



ity of Versailles, Darke Co., Ohio, the greater part of her life 
irhe waa married to Daniel Stonerock April 12, 1849. She was 
the mother of ten children. Her husband and five children 
preceded her in death. She was a faithful member of the 
Church of the Brethren over fifty years. She died at the 
home of her son near Phllllpaburg. Ohio, aged 85 years 6 
months and 2 days. She leaves five children. Services in 
the Christian church In Versailles by Eld. Henry Baker and 
the writer. Text, Rev. 2: 10.— William Mlnnlch, Union. Ohio. 

Wetsel, Sister Louisa C, nee Williams, born In Mississippi 
County, Ark- Oct. 21, 1836. died at her home In Greene 
County, Va„ Dec. 5, 1913. aged 77 years. 1 month and 15 
days. She was married to J. H. Wetsel. who preceded her 
eighteen years ago. Fourteen children were born to this 
union. Ten survive. Sister Wetsel united with the Church 
of the Brethren forty years ago, and ever remained faithful 
She called for the anointing service several weeks before she 
pnssed away. She had a kind, motherly disposition, and was 
loved by all who knew her. Interment In the family cemeterv 
Servlces by Bro. H. L. Yager.— S. J. Wetsel. Burnleys, Va. 

Whltsel, Sister Susan, wife of Philip Whltsel, died at her 
home In Hill Valley Dec. 3. 1913, aged 81 years, 7 months and 
1:0 days. She was married sixty-six years ago to Philip 
Whltsel. Fourteen children were born to this union Eleven 
of them survive. Sister Whltsel was a faithful member of 
the Churoh of the Brethren for many years. She was a good 
Christian, nnd a friend to all who knew her.— -E Grace Rohrer 
Shlrleysburg, Pa, 

Wolford, Bro. Jacob Lohr, born March 14, 1840 died Dec 
S. 1913, aged 73 years, 8 months and 24 days. His death was 
due tn an operation. His wife, five sons, one daughter and 
three sinters survive him. He was a member of the Brethren 
church fifty years, and served as deacon for many years He 
was also a leader In church music. He was a kind husband 
end father. Services In the Waterford church by Bro J W 
Sanner. Text, Phllpp. 1: 21,— Luella A. Penrod. B D 2 
Llgonler, Pa. 

Youngblood, Sister Addle, born In Nacogdoches County 
Texas. July 24, 1886, died from the effects of measles Dec. 
1.. 1913. In Angelina County, Texas, aged 27 years, 4 months 
and 12 days, In December, 1900. she moved with her parents 
to Shelby County, and was married to Bro. A. L. Youngblood 
Dee. 8, 1901. March 11, 1910, she was baptized by the writer 
nnd remained a faithful member in the Church of the Breth- 
ren until death, though entirely Isolated from the church. 
Her husband, her parents, three brothers and five sisters sur- 
vive. — J, A. Miller, Manvel, Texas. 




CATCHWORD iP*OT- 
T E B, calendar ' , 

1914. This blott'fl ca ,' 
endar la almll, £klnv- 
makeup to the Bo«? K "£. 
ers' Blotters, ancj ™» 
tains a fine select 80 " « 
friendly sentl^nts, 
hand-lettered, ang. ™ 
produced In minl^ UI £ 
Printed tn twe • ^ ol0 ^ 
on India blotte */•. ■£ 
dainty gift for a _f>™nd 
at an inexpenslx~ KJ ce j 
Size. 3* i& Yet of 
Inches. .^ ie \ packed 
twelve i ttejH>*. *er 
' " brown b. J 25o 



'.At. 



Members of tl f ; e 
Church of thtj 
Brethren ° 

IjJir 
Bear In mind when planning yr le 
trip to the Conference at Seat-iA- 
next June that the UNION P_pf 
CIPIC offers you a number 1 . 
advantages exclusive to this ltneH, t 
Its route lies through the richeiii- 
sectlon on the West, both In agr-y. 
cultural wealth and scenic beaut: is 
A large portion of the line Is 
double tracked; its roadbed ;tn 
ballasted with duBtless Sljermaie 
Gravel, and you are afforded th* c 
protection of Automatic E'lectrUi 
Block Safety SignalB. These am e 
a number of other features havt^ 
given to the Overland Boiite iti 
title .» 

Standard Road of thi' 
West I 

The Union Pacific operates twtj, 
splendidly equipped trains to tn* 
Pacific Northwest every day. The 
latter part of the route lies for 200. 
miles along the majestic Columbia 
Blver which unfolds a constantly, 
changing panorama of unexcelled 
natural beauties. l 

Travelers to the Pacific Northwest- 
may, at a Blight additional cost, 
make a Bide trip from Pocatello' 
to Yellowstone National Park 
where are gathered myriads of 
wonders, a few of which are gey-; 
sers, waterfalls, beautifully-color- 
ed rock formations, bubbling 
pools, hot and cold water in close ^ 
proximity, snow capped mountains 
and other attractions that never 
fail to Interest A complete tour 
ox the Park can be made in 6 days I 
— shorter tours for those who . 
have less time to spare. Park 
season, June 16 to September 16. I 
Visit Denver and Salt Lake City 
en route without additional ex- 
pense. A trip to Estes Park costs | 
but little additional and Is wen ■ 
worth one's while. 
Write for folder giving complete 
description of the route and other 
valuable information relative to 
train service, stopover privileges, 
side trips, etc. 

W. 5. BASINGER 

General Passenger Agent 

Omaha, Nebraska 




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irose and verse. The 
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gift 
Edith 



Church of the Brethren 

Conference 

Seattle, Washington 
Junel8to 28,1914 

The 1914 uonference of the 
Church of the Brethren to be 
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June 18-28. Inclusive, will be 
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Plan to attend the annual conference 
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THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 3, 1914. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 

Editorial, — 

yesterday, Today ami Tomorrow of Our Church Paper 

ID, L. M.) ! 

Our Visit la the Foreign Mission Fields.— No r> £H, C. 

E.) " 

Some Serious Departures " 

A Warning (L>. L. M.J 1( 

The Exemplary Teacher j' 

Ea§ays. — 

riirlst-mlFKled. By .1. 10. Miller ; 

Some Attributes of Gods Elect. — No. S. By John R. 

Snyder ; 

What Should Bi- the Amount of Our Faith? By I. S. 

Long I 

The Judgment Day. By II. A. Stahl ; 

■Count the Coat." By W. S. Price ■ 

Baskets.— No. 1. By W. O. Becknei 

Thoughts on the Sacraments;— No. 1, By H. J. Harnly, 
Christian Sclenoe Veraus Christianity, By Chis. M. 

Yoarout, ' 

The Bound Table, — 

Love's Chief Work.— J. G. Royer. Our Prayer Meeting. 
— OIibh. R. Oherlln. A Baptismal Scene of " Youth and 
Old AgtV— Amanda Wltmore. Lovers of Self.— Ida M. 
II. Im. ThO Belter Life.— D. J. Blocher. Sunday-school 
Lesson for Jan. 11 ' 

Home and rarolly, — 

The Curtain Palls.— Elizabeth D. Rosenberger. Almost 
Persuaded.— Marguerite Bfxler Garrett. Fidelity and 
Order.— Ida M. Helm ' 



NOTES NOT CLASSIFIED 



Joneiboro We met here today for worship. Bro. Robert 

Hilbert occupying the pulpit. We have received contributions 
as follows: Klngsley church, Iowa, $16; Henry Sheeler, $4; 
EJzra Beeghly, Jl; A. M. Laughrun, (5. Many thanks to the 
donors for this help toward building our churchhouse. Any 
members In our State District who wish to aid us, may send 
their donations direct to me, as Chairman of the Building 
Committee. Please note that this money Is for the erection of 
church near Johnson City, a thriving town.— N. T. Lorimer, 
Jonesboro, Tenn.. Doc. 22. 

Bethel church met In council Dec. 13, with Bro. G. 3. Wales 
presiding. Arrangements were made for the District Meet- 
ing, to be held during the Holidays. Bro. Lee Daysman Is 
clerk; Bro J. A. Strohm, treasurer; Bro. Ralph Strohm, presi- 
dent of the Christian Workers' Meeting; Bro. Lee Dadisman, 
Sunday-school superintendent; Sister Pern Strohm, secretary- 
treasurer - , Sister Garret Wales, chorister. Our delegates to 
DtstlCt Meeting are Sister Mollle King and Bro. G. E. Wales. 
Two were received by baptism since our last report. — Leora 
Wales, Kenedy, Texas. Dec. 19. . 

Silver Lake congregation enjoyed n successful series of 
meetings Nov. 2 to Nov. 16, which closed with a love feast, 
Eld, S. /.. Sharp, of Fxuito, Colo., first conducted a two weeks' 
meeting nl Junluta. Then he came here and preached in- 
spiring sermons for us. Three were baptized. Sister Eva 
Teeter, Crom the Bethel church, led the singing. Bro. Ross, 
our returned missionary from India, was With us at our love 
feast on the lfith, and preached on Sunday morning. On 
Monday night he delivered a lecture about his work in India. 
The house was 11 lied each evening, and more than crowded on 
Sunday night. — P. T. QrayblU. Boseland, Nebr., Dee, 24. 



HANCOCK, MINN. 

We have been with the Hancock church now nearly seven 
years. For various reasons we wanted to change lo- 
cation, but were loath to do so until our place could be 
supplied in the ministry. Bro. James F. Swallow, a min- 
ister in the second degree, has been secured, and is lo- 
cated, and promises to do good work, judging by the 
sermons preached thus far. 

We arc glad to be able to leave the church in good 
working order, and provided with at least one minister, 
but since there is no resident elder, and the adjoining 
churches are somewhat distant, we bespeak this place 
for some elder who wishes to be helpful in a small con- 
gregation where he will have good help, and yet will not 
be overcrowding in the least. Since we have, at present, 
two classes of places in the Brotherhood, viz., such as 
support and such a's do not, it is but proper to say that 
this place wants a man who will at least partly support 
himself, and to that end there are good chances here. 
The church will, however," stand by a man who is worthy 
and needs assistance. 

Inquiry concerning such location and opportunities here 
will be cheerfully answered by the writer. The church 
has made first and second choice of elders to preside for 
one year. We earnestly hope that one or the other will 
be able to accept. 

The church and Sunday-school officers were elected at 
a late council. The old officers were nearly all reelected, 
showing that they have given good satisfaction. Bro. 
George Shade is the Sunday-school superintendent. 

By the time our readers will read ' this we will, the 
Lord willing, be located at Astoria, 111., for the winter, 
where our correspondents will please address us until 
further notice. » Wife's father, who lived at Astoria, died 
Nov. 1. Her mother being quite feeble, and almost an 
invalid, it becomes our duty, at her request, to remain 
with her this winter. Samuel Bowser. 

Dec. 11. ^^. 

AMONG THE CHURCHES. 
Upon my arrival at Gettysburg, Pa., Eld. A. H. Hol- 
linger, of the Marsh Creek congregation, met me. Soon 
the miles and miles of smooth battle-field boulevard were 
left behind, and the winding way ended as we stopped 
at the old historic stone church, close by the silvery 
stream, Marsh Creek. 

It was Saturday evening. An audience of eager listen- 

'•- -m hand, and a series of meetings, looked forward 

■e than/ year, began. Eld. C. L. Pfoutz, a man 



of sturdy character, of whom mention was made in the 
Messenger, not long ago, was on hand. He is one of the 
few in the active ministry, above eighty years of age, 
and did not miss a single meeting. 

In spite of some rainy weather, good listeners were in 
attendance at every service, each succeeding evening. Un- 
der more favorable skies, the crowds increased until the 
last Sunday morning and evening of the revival, when 
the audience room was not large enough to accommo- 
date all the interested listeners. This last Sunday, Nov. 
23, was ideal, as we met on the banks of the river. A 
week later a good brother, who stood there at the water, 
penned me these lines: "Bro. Roop, I feel like express- 
ing my joy in having witnessed such a grand 'and 1 glorious 
baptism. There surely was joy in heaven among the 
angels, as well as among the saints." Four precious ones 
were led into the stream by Bro. Hollinger and buried 
with Christ in baptism, their ages ranging from sixteen 
to twenty-eight years. One was restored. 

Bro. Harry Weaver, wife and family opened their 
hospitable home to the Lord's messenger. Pleasant mem- 
ories shall ever linger of open hearts and open homes 
everywhere during this short sojourn. 

After enjoying home privileges for a night or two, 
the writer, at the call of the Chief Executive of the land, 
and according to previous promise, delivered the Thanks- 
giving message to the church in the Long Green Valley. 
This little flock of the Father's kingdom received food 
for the soul, night after night, until Dec. 1. One young 
man, fifteen years of age, chose to walk with the people 
of God, and was baptized. W. E. Roop. 

Westminster, Md., Dec. 3. 



BIBLE INSTITUTE OF JUNIATA COLLEGE BIBLE 
SCHOOL. 

This Institute will he held at Huntingdon, Pa., on the dates 
given below: 

.Friday, Jan. 9. — 9:25 A. M., Chapel. 3:45. Opening Ad- 
dress. — President Brumbaugh, 10: 30. The Book of Romans. 
— A. J. Culler. 11:15, The Minor Prophets.— A. H. Haines. 
2: 00 P. M., The Sunday-school. — I. B. Trout. 21 45. The 
Epistle to the Phlllppians. — T. T. Myers. 3: 30, Nature of 
Jesus' Teaching of the Kingdom. — A. J. Culler. 4: 15, Mis- 
sions. — J. M. Pittenger. 7:30, Sermon. — I. B. Trout. 

Saturday, Jan. 10. — 9: 45 A. M., The Book of Romans. — A, 
J Culler. 10:30, Amos, the Herdsman. — A. H. Haines. 2:00 
P. M., The Sunday-school.— I. B. Trout. 2: 45, The Epistle to 
the Phlllppians. — T. T. Myers. 3:30, Conditions of Entrance 
into the Kingdom.— A. J. Culler. 4 : 15, .Missions. — J. M. Pit- 
longer. 7:30, Sermon. — I. B. Trout. 

Sunday, Jan. 11.-9:15 A. M.. Sunday-school. 10:30. Ser- 
mon.— I. B. Trout. 3:30 P. M.. Missionary Rally.— J. M. Pit- 
tenger. &: 15, Christian Workers' Meeting. — A. J. Culler. 
', : 30, Sermon.— 1. B. Trout. 

Monday, Jan. 12. — 8: 40 A. M„ Library Period. 9: 25. Chapel 
Exercises. 9:45, The Book of Romans. — A. J. Culler. 10:30, 
Rosea, Jehovah's Love for Unfaithful Israel. — A. H. Haines. 
2:00 P. M.. The Sunday-school. — I. B. Trout. 2:45. Philip- 
plans. — T. T. Myers. 3:30, Attitude of God and Man in the 
Kingdom. — A. J. Culler. 4; 15, Missions. — J. M. Pittenger. 
7:30. Sermon. — I. B. Trout. 

Tuesday, Jan. 13. — 8: 40 A. M„ Needs of the Middle District 
of Pennsylvania. — Jas. A. Sell. 9:25, Chapel. 9:45, The 
Book of Romans. — A. J. Culler. 10: 20, Micah, The Peasant 
Prophet of Judah. — A. H. Haines. 11:15, Temperance Round 
Table. — P. J. Blough. 2: 00 P. M., The Sunday-school.— 'I. B. 
Trout. 2:45. Phlllppians. — T. T. Myers. 3:30. Blessings of 
the Kingdom. — A. J. Culler. 4:15, Missions. — J. M. Pittenger. 
7: 30, Sermon. — I. B. Trout. 

Wednesday, Jan.- 14. — 8: 40 A. M., The City Church. — 
Walter S. Long. 9: 25, Chapel. 9:45. The Book of Romans.— 
A. J. Culler. 10:30. Zephaniah, Nahum.— A. H. Haines. 2:00 
P. id., Church Doctrine and Government. — I. B. Trout. 2: 45, 
Phlllppians. — T. T. Myers., 3:30, Doctrine of the Christian 
Life.— A. J. Culler. 4:15, Missions.— J. M. Pittenger. ?: 30, 
Sermon. — I. B. Trout. 

Thursday, Jan 15. — 8:40 A. M., The Country Church. — A. 
G. Crosswhlte. 9:25. Chapel. 9:45. The Book of Romans.— 
A. J. Culler. 10:30 Habakknk, Obadlah.— A. H. Haines. 2:00 
P. M., Church Doctrine and Government. — I. B Trout. 2:45, 
Phillppians. — T. T. Myers. 3:30. Notes on the Primitive 
Church. — A. J. Culler. 4: 15, Educational Meeting.— TV. M. 
Howe' 7:30, Sermon. — I. B Trout. 

Friday, Jan. 16. — 8:40 A. M., Evangelism. — C. O. Beery. 
9:25, Chapel. 9:45. The Book of Romans. — A J. Culler. 
10:30. Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi, Joel. — A. H. Haines. 2:00 
P. M., Church Doctrine and Government. — I. B. Trout. 2: 45, 
I'hllippians.— T. T. Myers. 3:30, Biblical Interpretation.— 
A. J. Culler. 4:15, Report of the Zurich Sunday-school Con- 
\ention. — Ross D. Murphy. 6:45. Illustrated Lecture on 
Palestine. — D. W. Kurtz. S: 00, Sormon. — I. B. Trout. 

Saturday, Jan. 17. — '9: 45 A. M.. The Book of Romans, on 
Preaching Plans that Work. — A. J. Culler. 10:30, Consecra- 
tion Meeting. 

Eld. I. B. Trout will begin the evangelistic preaching serv- 
ices, Wednesday evening, Jan. 7. We invite all, who. can 
possibly do so, to arrange to be, present at Eld. Trout's open- 
ing sermon. 

All should arrange to be present at the opening address by 
President Brumbaugh, at 9:45, Friday morning. 

Special music will be furnished for the evening evangelis- 
tic services. 

The tuition is free. Boarding and room, seventy-five cents 
per day. Single meals, twenty-five cents. Room, twenty 
cents. 

Attention is invited to the regular Bible courses of the Col- 
lege. Juniata emphasizes preparation for missionary and 
Sunday-school work. Our students are active in both fields. 
A year, If no more, in the Juniata Bible School, will make the 
Bible a familiar book, and teach you how to use it. 

A two, a three and a four years' course of Bible study are 
offered. The call for prepared church workers and ministers 
is increasing. We urge preparation, consecration and sacri- 
fice, in order to meet these calls. 



ANNO UN CEMEN TS 



Colorado. 
Jan. 4, Denver. 

Florida. 
Jan. .10, Zlon. 



LOVE FEASTS. 

Maryland. 
Jan. 4, 5 pm, Hagerstown 

Minnesota. 
Jan. 4« Minneapolis. 



•I-r ■$, .;_;«j~{..'*4. .;„;*.;_;. .;„;, .j^JmJ,.;, 



^*G*^ 



LIFE- OF 



Elder R. M. Miller 

Winger 

A .truly great and 
good man's life is a- 
perpetual benediction 
to the world. While he 
lives he makes a record. 
After he leaves this 
stage of action, this 
record, impressed up- 
on the minds and 
hearts of men, and 
passed on from gener- 
ation to generation, 
does inestimable good. 
During the latter part 
of the nineteenth cen- 
tury, Elder Miller's life 
figured largely and 
effectively in the 
affairs of the Church 
of the Brethren. He 
was a strong debateie". a powerful preacher, and 
a great leader. TheJ' author of this has done a 
worthy service in gF'athering into a volume, in 
such graphic detail, I so much valuable informa- 
tion concerning ouif beloved brother's earthly 
career. It is a book fcfu'l of -gratification and com- 
fort for the old and f of education and inspiration 
for the young 269 Jpages, bound in cloth. Price, 
$1.00. Send all ord*rs to 
THE BRETHREIp PUBLISHING HOUSE, 
Eifgin» Illinois. 




Doctrin al Calendar 

With 

Pictoriai'l illustrations 

Compiled and Arranged by I. J. Rosenberger. 



IsoiintAbing out of the or- 



A Calendar which" i 
Jinary. Not intended 
except as it calls 
life, works and teach H _ 

who may have occas| n tjjo look at it. On eacu 
page (one for each)'; noi ith) is an appropriate 



i aSvStising medium, 
intijjon, every "d,ay, to the 
s fof the Master',"^, those 

tfld InnLr at It On a>w& 



illustration, picturing 
or showing his disci_ 
teaching of his Won 
The pages are 11: 
part, 6 x 11 inches. 
inch in height, and c; 
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and illustrations con 
and resurrection of 
treat Baptism, Feet-i'Lash 
The Communion, T'- ■ ri 



?ne in the life" of Christ 
the act of obeying the 

inches, the Calendar 

e figures are ^ of an 

easily discerned across 

iree pages contain texts 

'•rni lg the birth, crucifixion 

|4ris t. The following pages 

ng, The Lord's Supper, 

ristian Salutation, The 



ine Ummunion, lj^: Christian Salutation, The 
Anointing, Church Rj les, The Sunday-school, and 
on the last page are U .e p.ortraits of Elders James 
Quinter, D. P. Sayfi Ir And R. H. Miller; also 
two pictures of " bi^ 1 meetings " in the country, 
held in large barns. E 

The Calendar indicates' the phases of the moon 
jilk cord for hanging on 

a Convenience as a date finder, 

of the life and mission 

d things spiritual which 



and is provided wit 
the wall. 

Besides bein. 



it is a constant rerr.inde 
of the Blessed Lo 1 an 
are dear to the Christian heart. 



BRETHREN 



PUBLISHING HOUSE, 
Elgih, 111. 



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WIILLY And mei kwei 

Servants of the Master 

Ipj Omi Xarn. 



__ book full of trte Missionary spirit as portrayed 

In the lives of two (girls. One is American, the other 

pparently about the same age, 

trials, difficulties and struggles, 

onmente. Each comes to the point 

on to do the apparently Impossible, 

desired end is accomplished. Each 

and both, through faith In God, 



Chinese. They are 
each having he. _ 
peculiar to her envfr 
of making a resolutl 
and In each case the 
has a severe testing 
come out victorious 
The story Is Intel 
read with profit by 
will be of especial 
inspire many of it; 
Missionaries, or to 
take up the work, a 
those who have h 



isely interesting, one that will be 
children and young people; and it 
■ilue to parents. It Is destined to 
readers with a desire to become 
upport those who are willing to 
rid to strengthen the aspirations of 
led the calL 



The importance of doing first, things first is vividly 
shown. Home and Ijorelgn Missionary work are empha- 
sized with equal fHirce. The Imperative need of the 
proper and early teaching of children concerning Mis- 
sionary work is ma'de clearly apparent. 

It la a book for the family, for the Sunday-school for 
the Mission class. 95 pages bound In cloth. Price 
35c per copy. 

BEETHBLN PUBXJSHXBTG HOUSE, 

I Elgin, ruinou. 



The Gospel Messenger 



"SET FOR THE DEFENSE OF THE GOSPEL."— Philpp. 1: 17. 



Vol. 63. 



Elgin, 111., January 10, 1914. 



No. 2. 




AROUND THE WORLD 



Japan's Famine. 
Amid the, abundance of temporal blessings, enjoyed by 
the people of the United States, it is difficult, perhaps, to 
imagine that there can be the utter destitution and abso- 
lute want, so frequently found in the famine-stricken re- 
o-ions. At present Northeastern Japan is being visited by 
a most distressing failure of food supplies. The rice crop 
of that section, usually abundant, was cut short last year by 
the unfavorable weather conditions. Then, too, the fish- 
eries did not yield the usual returns. At this writing 
thousands of persons are reported as being in a starving 
condition. Should the people of Japan be unable to meet 
the urgent plea for help, other nations will have to come 

to the rescue. 

Remarkable Progress in Egypt. 
Whether appreciated or not, there has been a most re- 
markable development in Egypt under the efficient admin- 
istration of British officials. Irrigation projects, sanitary 
drainage systems, well-built roads, etc., have been fac- 
tors in a prosperity never known before. The poorest 
Egyptian now enjoys better health than he ever did before, 
for his physical well-being receives careful attention. 
Mission hospitals have worked wonders in the Land of the 
Nile, and by their gentle ministrations have impressed 
the people with the loving sympathy of Christianity as it 
seeks to uplift and restore. In many parts of Egypt 



for the Mesopotamia n Valley involves the expenditure of 
530,000,000, but it will be money well spent, for by it mul- 
tiplied thousands of acres of the richest land will !><■ once 
more added to the world's arable area. 



wealthy natives are recognizing 



the benefits derived 



Moral Decay in France, 
Among civilized nations of today, France poses as the, 
one startling example of national retrogression iii morals. 
Some of the most sincere of her sociological workers de- 
clare that a brutal appetite for pleasure has stifled the no- 
bler impulses of the nation. Tliey insist that scandals, 
crimes, suicides and mental disorders have multiplied. 
They have posted statements to this effect throughout the 
country, stating that in the past few years more than 
350,000,000 copies of obscene papers and pamphlets, and 
10,000,000 filthy post ca'rds and photographs have been 
circulated in that country. If we add to these the thou- 
sands upon thousands of excitements to debauchery by 
means of perversive music halls, low grade theaters, etc., 
we need not wonder thai the nation is largely without re- 
ligion, and almost wholly given over to pleasure, "As 
a man soweth, so shall he reap." 



Growth in Missionary Giving. 
During the latter part of last week the Student Volun- 
teer Convention— attended by delegates from missionary 
organizations connected with almost every educational 
institution of our land,— began its sessions at Kansas City, 
Mo, At one of the enthusiastic meetings Mr. J. Camp- 
hell White, of New York, general secretary of the Lay- 
man's Missionary Movement, brought out the fact thafthe 
contributions to foreign missions by the people of the 
United States, for the year just ending, are twice the total 
amount contributed to the work eight years ago. While 
the amount raised in 1913— $16,398,000,— may not be as 
much as should and might have been given, it is, never- 
theless, indicative of progress, and as such should be an 
incentive to still greater efforts during the present year. 
The fields, indeed, are "white unto the harvest," but are 
we willing to send the laborers? 



from missionary enterprises, and though not, as yet, be- 
lievers themselves, are generous contributors to mission 
schools, hospitals, etc. 

The Struggle Is On. 
Recent reports from China clearly indicate that the pro- 
moters of Buddhism, Taoism and Confucianism are con- 
scious o$ the serious decadence of their respective cults. 
Accordingly they are making frantic endeavors to regain 
the ground formerly occupied. Societies are being formed 
for the propagation of their respective religions, and, 
judging by present indications, there will be a struggle to 
the bitter end. Opposed to all these, and to Christianity 
as well, are the Atheistic Societies, chief of which is the 
" No-God Society." These bands, fearing neither God nor 
man, are China's greatest danger at this criticaL time. 
May we not hope that the forces of Christianity, fully con- 
scious of the supreme call of the hour, are amply prepared 
to enter the conflict, fully determined to become "more 
than conquerors" in winning China for Christ? 

A Temperance Awakening. 
In addition to the instances of temperance progress in 
German factories, referred to in a previous issue, there 
has been a most remarkable advancement in a number of 
other industrial establishments. Doubtless Emperor Wil- 
liam's commendable attitude has done much to strengthen 
sentiment against the custom of beer drinking. A United 
States commercial agent, on a recent tour of investigation, 
was greatly .surprised to note the general tendency 
throughout Germany, to discourage the use of beer for 
factory employes during working hours. In many 
factories beer is absolutely forbidden, and in the case of 
some, tea is provided as a substitute. Most encouraging, 
however, is the fact that the workers themselves are be- 
coming convinced of the folly of drinking beer, and are 
lending their moral support to any reformatory measures. 

The Rivers of Babylon. 
In previous issues we have referred to pending recla- 
mation projects of the once far-famed Mesopotamian Val- 
ley, the cradle of the human race. Like Egypt and other 
centers of primitive culture, Babylonia owed its promi- 
nence and agricultural supremacy to irrigation. When, 
through negligence and misgovernment, the splendid sys- 
tem of reservoirs and canals was allowed to deteriorate, 
agriculture declined, and with it the prosperity of the land. 
Some time ago the reconstruction of an adequate irriga- 
tion system was begun by the building of a dam at Hindia, 
using the bricks from the tower of Babel. An English 
company, headed by Sir John Jackson, has just enlarged 
this dam into a solid barrage, by which the water level 
of the river will be raised nearly seventeen feet, thus 
bringing under cultivation thousands of acres of fertile 
land. The Hindia barrage is, however, only the first step 
in the gigantic irrigation project, fostered by Sir William 
WUcocks, who has wonderfully added to Egypt's bounty 
by the construction of the Nile dam at Assouan. His plan 



Better Conditions for Palestine. 
Jews throughout the world are interested in providing 
better conditions for Jewish colonists in the land of their 
fathers, and especially are they concerned about the im- 
provement of sanitary conditions in Jerusalem, which are 
said to be deplorably bad. At the recent Zionist Convention 
in Chicago, much stress was laid upon the fact that the 
dream of gathering the Jews from all over the world, to 
establish a Jewish republic, has practically been abandoned. 
Instead of such a visionary scheme, the more sensible 
one of practical colonization of Jewish settlers is being 
urged. Palestine affords a safe refuge for oppressed Jews, 
driven out by the various countries of Europe, and most 
can be done for them by providing the best possible col- 
onization facilities in Palestine. The well-known Yid- 
dish poet, Mr. Bloomgarden, of Chicago, and Mr. Nathan 
Straus, New York's millionaire philanthropist, are pre- 
paring to go to Palestine at their own expense, to look 
after the interests of their fellow-religionists. 



The Heavy Debts of the Nations. 
Concerning a recent item on this page, relating to the 
increasing indebtedness of the world's nations, Bro. J, L. 
Switzer, of Cartcrville, Mo., desirtjs to know how such a 
thing can be possible, and he also wonders from whom 
these vast amounts are borrowed. In reply to the first 
question we would say that not a single nation is wholly 
free from debt, — the total amount of national debts 
throughout the world aggregating $42,000,000,000, having 
doubled in just about four decades. France heads the list 
with $6,284,000,000; England is next with $4,961. 000,000; 
Germany is a close third, with 4,914,000,000. The United 
States is at the foot of the list, with but $1,025,000,000, As 
to Bro. Switzer's second question, concerning the cred- 
itors from whom the large amounts have been borrowed, 
we would here note that large financial syndicates and 
banking-houses provide the desired means, — ample secu- 
rity being given for the eventual repayment. As, how- 
ever, there does not seem to be a prospect of speedy re- 
duction of these vast debts,— saying nothing uf possible 
heavy increases in the near future,— one is really made to 
wonder as to the final harvest from the reckless sowing. 



"Will It Pay?" 
It is a common practice of the business world to apply 
but the one test to every enterprise,— " Does it pay?" 
While such a narrow view may be perfectly proper when 
dealing with the commercial and industrial affairs of this 
life, it would hardly be proper to apply such a test to 
the realm of spiritual interests. And yet, some wonderful 
results have attended the labors of the missionaries dur- 
ing the last fifty years, even from the financial viewpoint. 
One-sixth of the habitable part, of the earth has been 
penetrated by advance guards of missionary influences, 
and the new markets thus opened up to the United States 
and to European countries are said to have increased the 
world's commerce by two billion dollars annually.- Mil- 
lions of heathen are still untouched, as yet, by civilizing 
missionary influences, but the shrewd trader knows that 
not much can be expected from them flntil the missionary 
has first paved the way for commerce. But by far the 
greatest consideration as to the benefits of missions, is 
the overwhelming spiritual gain. "Will it pay" to leave 
the heathen in darkness and despair? "Will it pay " the 
forces of Christianity to ignore the " Great Commission," 
and refuse to go to "all the world"? 



The Penalty of Disobedience. 
Some striking statements are made in the annual report 
of the Interstate Commerce Commission, regarding the 
causes of the many distressing railroad accidents, result- 
ing in an appalling loss of life and serious injury. Diso- 
bedience to orders on the part of employes, and lax disci- 
pline on the part of employers are held responsible for 
seventy-four per cent of the accidents during the period 
covered by the report, and of these the "most disastrous" 
were on those roads that were, theoretically, the best pro- 
tected, The most perfect appliances and most ingenious sig- 
nals all l.i 1 1 id accomplishing their purpose of absolute rail- 
way safely, if the element of human responsibility is lack- 
ing. The some conditions apply to the spiritual realm. The 
Divine Guide Book provides rules and specifications which, 
it obeyed, assure absolute safely, and convey, to the heav- 
enbound pilgrim, the "right to the tree of life," that he 
"may enter in through the gates into the city." On the 
other hand, disobedience always goes contrary to God's 
plans, and leads in Keen disappointment. 



A Hopeful Outlook, 

Usually the average billboard is not conducive to the 
moulding of higher ideals,— especially when the lurid 
scenes of sensational theatrical plays are so gorgeously 
portrayed. A new departure, however, has been started by 
the Poster Advertising Company, which, previous to the 
recent holiday season, displayed throughout the United 
States and Canada, a large poster, nine by twenty feet, 
depicting in twelve colors, richly blended, the scenes of 
Christ's nativity. The text at the bottom was Matt. 2: 11, 
and at the side were the words: "Ask your Sunday-school 
teacher to explain this picture." Twelve thousand of 
these posters were printed, and displayed in 3,700 cities. 
Everywhere the unusual picture aroused general atten- 
tion, and if it was the design of the Poster Company to 
attract the attention of the passers-by to the billboard, 
that object was certainly attained. Other scenes are to 
be exhibited later on, such as " Golgotha," Hofmann's 
" Christ Knocking at the Door," and others. All of these, 
viewed by the passing crowds, may at least arouse some 
soul to a higher conception of spiritual truths and man's 

eternal destiny. 

A Plow Used by Abraham. 

An interesting discovery was recently made in the 
Museum of the University of Pennsylvania. Doctor Clay, 
in attempting to piece together the broken fragments of 
an old-time seal, succeeded in restoring the picture of 
an ancient plow. One man drives the oxen, a second holds 
the handles of the plow, and a third pours seed into a fun- 
nel attached thereto, whence it is conveyed into the 
ground. After the picture had been closely . examined, 
the museum archeologists began a search through an- 
cient writings, to find its origin. The search took them 
back I" Abraham, and the story of the plow was found in 
an ancient Hebrew book, " Midrash on Genesis," written 
two centuries before the Christian era. It seems that be- 
fore the days of Abraham, even, the farmers were visited 
by flocks of crows which ate the grain, newly sown, hence 
the propriety of Abraham's device, as described in the 
book above referred to: " Abraham taught those who made 
implements to construct a vessel above the ground, fa- 
cing the frame of the plow, in order to put seed therein. 
The seed falling therefrom upon the share of the plow, 
was hidden in the earth, and they needed to fear the birds 
no longer." Crude as the device may have been as meas- 
ured by the more perfect standard of modern mechanics, 
the discovery is none the less interesting, giving us, as" it 
does, a glimpse of farm life at a very early stage of the 
world's development. 



18 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 10, 1914. 



ESSAYS 



Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth 
not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the Word of Truth 



Help Somebody. 

BY B. F. M. SOURS. 
Somebody needs a helping hand 

Over a rugged way: 
Have you a kindly deed or word, 

Cheering a heart today? 
Only a lonely wanderer, 

Only a tramp, maybe. — 
Hear in the Day of Recompense. 

" Ye did it unto me! " 

Somebody needs a kindly smile, 

Somebody needs a cheer, 
Somebody struggles hard to drown ■ 

The hosts of sin and fear. 
Arc you a soldier of your Lord? 

Chivalrous would you be? 
Hear in the Day of Recompense, 

" Ye did it unto me! " 

Live lu help somebody every day, 

Over the stormy way. 
What if the clouds are hanging low? 

Give him a happy day! 
Only a prayer and a bit of help, — 

What will it be to thee?— 
Hear in the Day of Recompense, 

•• Ye did it unto me! " 
Mechanicsburg, Pa. 



Settling Difficulties. 

BY D. E. CRIPE. 

As long as we are in the flesh, there will be diffi- 
culties to settle, " For it must needs be that offenses 
come," and all are prone to missteps and to misunder- 
standings. Many of these troubles are of a financial 
character, and are more often caused by looking at 
things from different viewpoints than from any de- 
sire to take advantage of one another. But if they 
are permitted to go oh unsettled, they loom up larger 
and larger. The difference between settling them 
properly and promptly, and letting them drag on, often 
makes the difference between a healthy, growing 
church and a sickly one. 

After a church difficulty has become a matter of 
general knowledge and public gossip, it is no longer 
an " eighteenth of Matthew " case. If the two parties 
can not settle it between themselves, it would be a 
question which of the two should take the next step, 
and even then the one who took with him " one or 
two," would have a decided advantage, for his friends 
would already know all about the matter from his 
viewpoint, and perhaps be prejudiced in his favor. 

Financial troubles should never be permitted to dis- 
turb the peace of a church, but should be settled by 
arbitration. Where both parties can agree, let each of 
them choose a brother of good judgment, and these 
two select another, and these three form a committee 
to investigate the whole matter and make a decision. 
Such a committee has the right to ask the two parties 
to promise to abide by their decision, because a com- 
mittee chosen by the parties has more authority and 
power than the parties themselves. No other com- 
mittee has the right to ask the parties to promise to 
accept the decision before it is definitely decided upon, 
and made known to them. 

When the parties can not agree to select the com-. 
mittee themselves, let each select one brother, and the 
church select or appoint the third, and let them arbi- 
trate between the parties. A committee thus selected 
and sanctioned by the church has no right to ask 
the parties to promise to accept their decision before 
it is made, nor can such a committee refuse to work 
unless this promise is given, for two reasons: (1) 
The church that appointed or sanctioned them, and 
authorized them to do this work, has more power 
than the committee, and may not be satisfied with the 
work herself. She reserves the right to accept or 
reject any work done for her by any 'committee she 
appoints. (2) The right of appeal is a sacred right, 
in the church as well as in the nation, and no one,— j- 
not even a committee from Annual Meeting, — can 
take this right away. Every one, even the most lowly 



member, has the right to appeal to District Meeting, 
and even to Annual Meeting, from the decision any 
irommittee may have made. 

The taking and the weighing of outside evidence is 
often a matter of no little difficulty in investigating 
cases. It is a sound principle in church government 
that no member can be convicted on outside evidence 
alone. If it were otherwise, the best workers in the 
church would be in danger from false witnesses with- 
out. But where the testimony of two members does 
not agree, good evidence from without can be used 
to corroborate the testimony of the one or the other. 
Yet all such evidence should be carefully investigated 
and sifted before it is accepted. 

If any man that is called a brother be guilty of the 
sins and crimes enumerated in the fifth chapter of 
First Corinthians, — be a fornicator, covetous, idolater, 
railer, drunkard, extortioner, — then quick action be- 
comes necessary. To let such cases drag on, in the 
hope that they will develop themselves, works great 
injury to the cause. Paul's instructions are clear, — 
• we are not to have anything to do with him, not so 
much as to eat with him, until the church can take 
action, for he urges, " Put away from among your- 
selves that wicked person." 

In such cases outside evidence and circumstantial 
evidence go far to establish the guilt, especially when 
he " who is called a brother " does not appear in his 
own defense. Court records, unpaid and unsettled 
debts, and notes left, to be paid by him who went se- 
curity, while the accused has gone to other parts, — 
are evidences sufficient for the church to act. The 
church that would stand for integrity and purity, in 
the eyes of the world, can not afford to countenance 
such conduct in her members, and speedy action only 
can free her from all blame. 

Even if we are most concerned about the salvation 
of the erring one, it is not for his good to carry him 
along when he has no longer any spiritual life. Paul's 
method is to " deliver such an one unto Satan for the 
destruction of the flesh, that the spirit may be saved 
in the day of the Lord Jesus." If he has any love 
of the church remaining, or any desire to be in the 
church, prompt action will make him respect her all 
the more, and bring him to repentance quicker, than 
for the church to carry -him along as a dead weight. 
If he has no love and no regard for the church, the 
sooner his case is acted upon the better. 

On the other hand, it may be laid down as a general 
principle that 'no one should be relieved of his mem- 
bership against his pleading. So long as a member 
honestly desires to remain in the church, he naturally 
will be willing to perform any duty the church lays 
upon him. Not many sins are so black that a truly 
penitent child ought not to be pardoned, and permit- 
ted to enjoy the blessings of a home in the fold. 

The purity of the church and the salvation of souls, 
are the two great aims to be kept in view, and the 
first must never be sacrificed for the sake of the lat- 
ter, neither will such sacrifice ever accomplish its end. 
The standard of discipleship should never be degraded 
to the low plane of strife and wrangling, and indul- 
gence in sin. " Now the Lord of peace himself give 
you peace always by all means. The Lord be with 
you all." 

Enid, Okia. __ 

Some Attributes of God's Elect. 

BY JOHN R.. SNYDER. 
VI. A Royal Priesthood. 

" But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an 
holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth 
the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness 
into his marvellous light: Which in time past were not a 
people, but are now the people of God: which had not 
obtained mercy, but now have obtained mercy" (1 Peter 
2: 9, 10). 

So many professed Christians are living below their 
privileges in Christ Jesus! They live as if they had 
never been raised from death unto life; from the 
slough of despond to the hill of Zion. They live as 
if they were still the children of Satan and not joint 
heirs with Jesus-Christ to all the glories of heavenly 
places in Christ Jesus. There is something wrong in 
their experience. If there is any one in the universe 



who has a right to hold up his head and look the 
world full in the face and defy it in all its works 
it is the full-born child of God, and the words of 
Peter, in the text quoted above, give sufficient reason 
why. For hath not God chosen them, redeemed them, 
called them out from all their former estate unto 
great and blessed things through the Gospel? Then 
why stay longer in the slime pits when you can come 
up on the highlands where the air is perfumed with 
the " rose of Sharon " and the " lily of the valley " ? 
Come out into the great open of God's love and see 
what lie has for you. 

Sometimes we hear people excusing themselves 
for their shortcomings by saying, " I'm a poor, weak 
worm of the dust." Well, maybe you are, but I do not 
longer claim relationship with anything of this sort, 
for by the grace of God and through the merits of his 
redemption he has lifted me up and now I am a priest, 
a member of a chosen generation, an heir of God 
and a joint heir with Jesus Christ, and a mansion is 
my inheritance, because he has bought me and re- 
deemed me. No more earthly hovels for me. No 
longer do I cringe and crawl, as once I did, for his 
blood hath bought me and placed my feet on the rock, 
where the gates of hell cannot prevail. 

But what are some of our privileges as a priest, a 
member of the royal priesthood? In olden times 
there was a priesthood family, and none could come 
into that relationship unless from the tribe of Levi. 
Then it wa"s a priest after the order of Aaron; now 
we are priests after the order of Melchizedek. Then 
could we reach God only through the holy place in 
the temple; now the veil has been rent and all have 
access to the throne of grace. No longer must I stay 
outside and be content to hear the sound of the priest 
in the holiest place, but by the blood of Christ I have 
been brought nigh to him. Our sacrifice is now 
threefold : A living sacrifice, holy and acceptable ; 
the fruit of the lips to be offered continually ; and the 
substance with which he has blessed us. And then ( 
again the New Testament priest is an intercessor. 
Oh, what blessings we have " in him " ! Beloved, are 
we living up to our privileges? As God's elect do we 
make our " calling and election sure " ? 

May the Lord help us all to do so for his glory and 
honor ! 

Belief otitaine, Ohio. 



Synopsis of a Temperance Sermon. 

BY J. D. HAUGHTELIN. 

" Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging: and who- 
soever is deceived thereby is not wise" (Prov. 20: 1). 

This text contains three distinct assertions. " Wine 
is a mocker." Webster defines " mocker," " a scorn- 
er ; a scoffer; a derider; a deceiver; an impostor." 
What a growing climax ! 

In Dan. 5 : 1-9 we have a description of a great 
banquet, in which wine is the most prominent feature. 
Verse four says, " They drank wine and praised their 
gods." Under the influence of wine, King Belshazzar 
mocked God in scorn and derision, by the use he made 
of the sacred vessels his father had taken from the 
temple at Jerusalem. Surely " Wine is a mtocker " ! 

An hour later there was a great change. " Then 
was King Belshazzar greatly troubled . . . and his 
lords were astonied " (v. 9). " Strong. drink is rag- 
ing," — "violent; tempestuous" (Webster). The evil 
power of wine and strong drink is alcohol,— the spirit 
that intoxicates. Scientific research, among the En- 
glish soldiers in the Boer War, discovered that alco- 
hol, was the cause of their inefficiency. The report 
said, " Alcohol is a poison. ... Its use should be lim- 
ited and restricted in the same way as the use of 
other poisonous drugs." 

It was clearly proven that one glass of whiskey in- 
toxicates the white corpuscles of the blood, — the 
standing army of protection against disease. Thus, 
intoxicated, they are helpless and easily overcome by 
disease germs. Two men were bitten one day by a 
mad dog. Both were taken to the same hospital and 
received the best treatment available. One was a 
drinker; the other a teetotaler. The drinker soon 
died; the other recovered. Why? 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 10, 1914. 



19 



The British Government and life insurance compa- 
nies, investigating 1 many millions of cases, found that 
at large 1,000 deaths occur annually out of 61,215 pop- 
ulation. Of drinkers, 1,640 die annually out of the 
same number, but of teetotalers only 560. Starting 
at twenty years, the teetotaler averages forty-four 
years yet to live; the light drinker, thirty-one, and the 
heavy drinker only fifteen. 

Coming closer home, the War College, at Washing-? 
ton, D. C, discovered that alcohol kills as many Amer- 
icans every year as all the wars killed in 2,300 years. 
We pride ourselves in the superiority of the white 
race, but alcohol kills five times as many white people, 
annually, as all wars killed in 2,300 years. These are 
astounding facts, well authenticated. " Strong drink 
is raging." 

The closing words of Lincoln's immortal Gettys- 
burg speech were, " That government of the people, 
by the people, for the people, shall not perish from 
the earth." These words were uttered in 1S63, soon 
after our government became a partner in the liquor 
traffic. Before that time the per capita consumption 
of alcoholic liquor was a little over four gallons per 
annum. Now it is about twenty-five gallons, and the 
liquor costs about ten times as much per gallon. 

" Seventy-five per cent of our idiots come from 
intemperate parents; also eighty per cent of the pau- 
pers. Eighty-two per cent of the crimes are com- 
mitted by men under the influence of liquor. Ninety 
per cent of the adult criminals are whiskey made." 
Their offspring are degenerates. In one workhouse 
in England sixteen feeble-minded women produced 
113 illegitimate children. This class of citizens exerts 
a corrupting influence in our government. 

The advocates of the liquor traffic make a great pa- 
rade of the capital invested and wages paid by their 
business. Let us examine the claim. The United 
States spent in one year for intoxicating liquors $1,- 
800,000,000, and for bread and clothing the same 
amount. Liquor employed 62,920 wage earners. 
Bread and clothing employed 493,655, — nearly eight 
to one. Liquor paid $45,252,000 for wages; for bread 
and clothing there was paid $244,196,000, — nearly 
five and one-half to= one. For raw material, intox- 
icating liquor paid $139,199,000; for bread and cloth- 
ing, $744,337,000, — nearly five and one-half to one. 
The influence of bread and clothing is nearly all good ; 
that of liquor nearly all bad. Why tolerate it? Kan- 
sas City is in two States. For money Kansas City, 
Mo., will license a man to sell intoxicating liquor. If 
a citizen has a trade, a team or even a bicycle he can 
not use it in Kansas City, Mo., without a license. In 
Kansas City, Kans., there is no license granted. The 
liquor traffic is not tolerated, and every citizen is pro- 
tected in legitimate employment without license. In 
Missouri one farmer in 100 owns an auto. " Ninety- 
six counties out of 105 in Kansas have no inebriates. 
Six or seven along the Missouri border have them. 
Thirty-nine counties did not send a prisoner to jail last 
year. Fifty-seven counties did not send a pauper to 
the poorhouse last year. The death rate in Kansas is 
less than in any other section in the world, — seven and 
one-half per 1,000 inhabitants. There are 700 news- 
papers in Kansas, and only four carry whiskey adver- 
tisements." How about Missouri? Further, I would 
rather not say. Why? Principally, on account of 
the evil influence of the liquor traffic. 

In conclusion, what is our duty? Suppose the as- 
sessor were required by law to ask every voter this 
question : " Shall liquor license be granted in this town- 
ship? " your answer, " Yes " or " No," to be put on 
paper with your name. What would it be? Some 
may say, " I would rather not dabble in politics. I 
prefer to be neutral." Do you mean a no-account, 
with no influence? Hear what Jesus says: " He that 
is not with me is against me" (Matt. 12: 30). See 
Brethren Temperance Bulletin, Vol. 3, No. 1, page 2. 
"The father who fails to vote against the saloon, 
when opportunity affords, has no right to complain 
when his boy is ruined by it " (page 19). " The bal- 
lot, rightly used, is a sacred obligation and a most pow- 
erful weapon against evil. Government is ordained of 
God, and every child of God has a moral obligation to 
that government to make it the best . - . and thereby 



make it as easy as possible for men to do right and as 
hard as possible for them to do wrong." " For this pur- 
pose the Son of God was manifested, that he might de- 
stroy the works of the devil" (1 John 3: 8). Past 
records and all history cry out in a warning voice to 
us that." this cruel destroyer must be destroyed, or he 
will destroy our nation." 

Gen. Fred Grant said: " If I had the greatest ap- 
pointive power in the country, no man would get 
even the smallest appointment from me unless he 
showed proof of his absolute teetotalism." 

Girls, if a military officer would demand a teeotaler 
for an appointment in the army, would you demand 
less of a gallant or prospective husband? " Wine is a 
mocker, strong drink is raging; and whosoever is de- 
ceived thereby is not wise." 

Panora, Iowa. 



How Do You See? 

BY ORAN S. YOUNT. 

It is said of a Chinese evangelist that the first 
time he went to a Christian missionary, he " took his 
eyes." " I stared at his hat, his umbrella, his coat, 
his shoes, the shape of his nose, and the color or his 
skin and hair; but I heard not a word. The next time 
I took my ears as well as my eyes and was astonished 
to hear the foreigner talk Chinese. The third time, 
with eyes and ears intent. God touched my heart, and 
I understood the Gospel." 

Seeing isn't believing; it's the other way round, — 
believing is seeing. The fact is, those who rely upon 
their eyes will pass through life entirely blind- to the 
mightiest forces of the universe. Our natural sight is 
limited, checked by the farthest horizon, restrained 
by the nearest cloud, blocked by the closest skyline, 

A young man was raised in penury in the great 
city of New York. After working for .several years 
in one of the big offices, blinded as lie was by the four 
walls in which he worked (even in looking out of the 
office window across the street sixty feet away an- 
other wall met his gaze so that his sight was con- 
stantly blocked), he took a visit up State and the nuw 
sights and experiences that were his were so decided 
he never returned to his city work. 

But do we see only the material forms, the evident, 
matter-of-fact, the commonplace, which everybody 
knows? If so, we will not count for much for our- 
selves or our time. 

It is only with the telescope of Faith that we can 
penetrate the cloaked dawn and dissipate the mists 
that mask the promise of hereafter. It was seeing 
by faith that lifted humanity from the estate of 
beasts to civilization. 

A kodak would be wasted on a man who hadn't 
sense enough to press the button. He must let in the 
light before he can get his picture. You will never 
be able to picture the possibilities that He before you 
with shuttered eyes. Your brain can't do its best, — 
you will never come into your own, — you will never 
attain to the extent of your undeveloped abilities until 
you " press the button " and let in the light of faith. 
Faith is the God-spark in man, the light eternal, th,e 
outrider of progress, the seed of deed. 

There comes an hour in every life when cold rea- 
son acknowledges defeat. The darkest brain attempts 
in vain. The Master said, " Perceive ye not yet, nei- 
ther understand? have ye your heart yet hardened? 
Having eyes, see ye not " (Mark 8: 17, 18) ? 

There is a principle of relativity here, and unless 
we encounter flaw or jar or change, nothing in us 
responds; we are deaf and blind, therefore, to the 
grandeur around us, unless we have insight enough to 
appreciate the whole, and to recognize in the woven 
fabric of existence, flowing steadily from the loom of 
an infinite progress toward perfection, the ever-grow- 
ing garment of a transcendent GOD. 

Troy, Ohio. 



Much religious effort is rather an aspiration after 
God than an inspiration from him. But to work for 
God without the Spirit is like a painted fire on a cold 
day, or the running of a clock without hands,— a very 
busy idleness. 



Afflictions — Why? 

BY D. J. LTCHTY. 
"If ye endure chastening, God dealeth with you as 
with sons; for what son is he whom the father chatten- 
eth not" (Heb. 12: 7)1 

Not infrequently it had been our good fortune to 
be the guests of the King of Rajpipla State's Prime 
Minister, a Parsee gentleman who, for many years, 
was not only an able and just administrator of the 
high affairs of the state, but also a true friend of our 
mission. Once, while we were dining at his table, 
the conversation turned to religious questions and 
ended in the great question for all India — the ine- 
qualities of man. "If God is the Loving Father he is 
by some believed to be, the just Ruler and all-power- 
ful, why does he allow so much suffering, poverty, 
sickness and the oppression of man by man? " 

This question was occasioned by the report of the 
frightful, brutal assault and murder of an estimable 
young lady by two ruffians, who entered her private 
railway compartment as she was traveling from Cal- 
cutta to Karachi, where she shortly was to have been 
married to a young officer of the latter port. How 
could a just and loving God allow an innocent, help- 
less girl to be so maltreated by two brutal men ? 

For an answer to this question the Parsee had 
sought the religious books of the Hindoos, Moham- 
medans and his own class, i. e., the Zoroastrians, hut 
failed in his quest. Nor could he see that the Chris- 
tian Scriptures fully answered the question. Among 
other texts we referred him to the one above quoted, 
but at that time he could not get complete relief from 
even this, though he did confess that in his heart he 
believed a day would come when all men would 
clearly sec that God is love and also just. 

This incident caused me to consider the question 
more seriously than ever before. The older I grow 
in years and in experience, — beyond what I had ex- 
pected, — a greater multitude of suffering humanity 
looms up; old, young and middle-aged people of 
every nation in the world. I have been able to dis- 
cover the cause of the suffering of but comparatively 
few out of these countless millions. Such were Jo- 
seph in Egypt, the Israelites in bondage, the Jews in 
Babylon, Jeremiah in the dungeon, Christ on the cross, 
the apostles imprisoned and in chains, and the early 
Christians scattered by fiery persecution. And such 
are a very few of the men and women I know today. 

But if we can know the " reason why " of a lim- 
ited number, why not of the many? May it not be 
for the very reason that there is a reason, and that the 
great majority of afflicted humanity lack the patience 
to allow God's purposes to work out in their lives so 
that the " reason why " neither appears to them nor 
to us? Joseph had to wait in captivity and in prison 
for more than thirteen years to find out why. The 
children of Israel suffered for several centuries, the 
worst forms of oppression and forced labor, and 
even after God delivered them, only a few understood 
why. Christ's disciples forsook him because they 
could not comprehend the mystery of the cross, but 
in a few days they understood the reason for his 
suffering, and became willing to be partakers of it 
and even to rejoice in it. Whether the time required 
was a shorter or longer period, God in the end had 
his way about it and thus we know the reason why. 

Among the many letters of sympathy, received dur- 
ing my long illness with typhoid fever in a Bombay 
hospital, was one from a native Christian worker con- 
taining this selfsame question, "Why?" On recov- 
ering enough strength to reply to this brother I as- 
sured him that neither he nor anyone else could solve 
this problem for me; that for the present it was a 
matter between me and my God; that I had already 
partly found the " reason why," and was trying to 
find out fully, but that some time would be required, 
since I had to search diligently into the history of 
my life and the motives of my heart, this to be ac- 
companied with prayer and the correct interpretation 
of God's Word; that in the meantime I was willing 
to believe that when all will finally be known it can 
be summed up in this: God loved me so and therefore 
allowed me to be afflicted. It was this conviction from 
the first that helped me to pass the days of my illness 



20 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 10, 1914. 



in peace and contentment and " to possess " my " soul 
with patience." It is my present desire to cling to this 
upholding faith, even though I may have to wait 
for old age, or even the next world, to reveal the 
reason why. " Some time we'll surely know." 

The hospital ward, in which I was so graciously 
ministered to by both doctors and nurses, contained 
sixteen cots. Usually all were occupied. Most of 
them were emptied and reoccupied by new patients 
several times before I received my discharge from 
the institution. The majority of the patients were 
men from the commercial marine of most of the Eu- 
ropean and North American countries. It was not 
hard to become fairly well acquainted with those near- 
est my own corner. To some of them I am indebted 
for many a kind act and cheerful word. But I fear 
that most of them were not much burdened with the 
question asked by the Prime Minister of Rajpipla and 
restated by the native brother. Their time principally 



was spent in reading trashy novels, and their minds 
were eased from the consideration of all weighty 
questions by their almost ceaseless use of the little 
while cigarette. A few were really up against the 
problem, but were taking hold of it from the wrong 
side, — the human side, — and so were a sorry lot, and 
to be pitied. Though they were receiving the best of 
care they were out of sorts with God, the hospital 
staff and management, and even with themselves. 
They disobeyed nearly every order of the physicians, 
and of this number there were four deaths. Never 
before had I known the value of an implicit faith 
in God as I learned it during my hospital experience, 
and this alone is worth all the suffering and many 
days of waiting endured. 

God, increase our faith and teach us to run with 
patience the course laid out for us, is my prayer for 
each and all. 

Umalla, India. 



Thoughts on the Sacraments 

A Series of Discussions 

By H. J. Harnly 



No. — Introduction, Continued. 

" Theke are few crises to compare with that which 
appears when the simple childhood religion, imbibed 
at mother's knee and absorbed from early home and 
church environments, comes into collision with a sci- 
entific, solidly-reasoned system, which explains the 
universe, with all its manifold detail, by material law, 
and leaves no place in the scheme for the objects of 
early faith, or for anything which commands worship. 
... At this crisis Drummond found us and spoke to 
our condition. . . . We found at a leap that the two 
worlds could go together, that science and religion 
were not two discordant languages, bringing irrecon- 
cilable accounts of the nature of things, and that all 
that we had learned, or could learn, only added to 
the riches of the knowledge of the glory of God." — 
Jones. 

I shall frequently use the term " law," — the law of 
the thing, the law of the sacrament. By the term 
" law " I mean the conditions which occasion phe- 
nomena ; the sequence of forces, and the related forces 
which condition an event. In this sense it is ordinarily 
considered the cause of the event. Sometimes by law 
we mean a generalized statement of how things act, or 
even a generalized statement of the sequence of 
events. A generalized statement, of "how matter in- 
terests at long range, we call the law of gravitation. 
A generalized statement of the fact that like tends 
to reproduce like in the organic world, we call the law 
of heredity. The laws of health are the conditions 
under which a normal physical body comes into ex- 
istence. So, moral laws are statements of the con- 
ditions according to which character is developed, and 
spiritual laws are generalized statements of the con- 
ditions which bring into existence spiritual life and 
development. 

Now, if we want results in any realm, we must 
meet the law of the thing desired. When all the con- 
ditions of a law have been fulfilled, or, perhaps better, 
with the fulfillment of the conditions of the law of a 
thing, it appears. With the fulfillment of the condi- 
tions of the law of a beautiful rose, the rose has ap- 
peared. So with the fulfillment of the conditions of 
spiritual life and power, they appear. 

We must look upon law as God's way of doing 
things, " and invariable, because his intelligence and 
his purpose change not." " God's superior knowl- 
edge, combined with his righteousness, makes him 
immutable." To know the moral and spiritual law, 
is wisdom; to fulfill' the law, is virtue; to know why, 
is philosophy, and to fulfill in the consciousness of 
the why, is religion. 

There are no exceptions to law. There are those 
who try to make themselves believe they are excep- 
tions to the reign of physical law, but there are no ex- 



ceptions. Nature is no respecter of persons. So there 
are those who try to make themselves believe they are 
exceptions to the moral and spiritual laws, but there 
are no exceptions. God is no respecter of persons. 
" Whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap." 

Each sacrament has its law. Whether or not there 
is power in the sacrament, depends upon whether or 
not we have fulfilled its law. In the kingdom of God 
there are certain principles which are fundamental, 
and without ' which such a realm is inconceivable. 
Just as the physical kingdom is inconceivable without 
the fundamental principles, — gravitation, electricity, 
cohesion, chemical affinity, light, heat, etc., — so the 
spiritual kingdom of God is inconceivable without the 
fundamental principles of love, service, social equality, 
prayer, forgiveness, hope, etc. , 

Now, sacraments are symbols, solemn rites of re- 
ligion, visible suggestions of the fundamental princi- 
ples of the kingdom of God. We must use great cau- 
tion not to confuse the sign or symbol or visible sug- 
gestion with the principle itself. The purpose of the 
sacrament, the solemn religious rite, the symbolism, 
is to suggest these fundamental principles of cleans- 
ing, forgiveness, service, social equality, love, and 
above all the personality of Jesus Christ himself, 
who himself is these principles, in such a way and 
under such conditions that these suggested principles 
become a part of our own life and activity. Thus 
" their permanent and paramount worth lies in the 
significance of the truth for which they stand. In 
noble symbolic form they render these truths objec- 
tively real, and furnish the worshiper a special means 
of subjectively appropriating them to the purpose of 
spiritual upbuilding." — Prof. Shirley I. Case. 

It is my purpose to show that the sacraments, as 
kept by the Church of the Brethren, are, in the light 
of twentieth-century psychology and science, not only 
historically true, but scientifically true; i. e., they are 
perfect symbols, perfectly adapted to suggest the 
most fundamental principles, truth, and the person- 
ality of the kingdom of God, and that if we meet 
the conditions of the laws of the sacraments, the 
moral and spiritual change will be wrought in us. 

I have heard people say, " There is nothing in the 
sacraments," and they are right. There is no more 
of spiritual life in the ordinances for the one who 
neglects to do them under test conditions,— i. e., who 
neglects to meet the conditions of the law of the or- 
dinances, — than there is in the com crop for the one 
who neglects to plant corn, or to meet the conditions 
of the law of a corn crop. There is always a ten- 
dency toward the Catholic view of the sacraments, 
" which is, that the sacraments work ex opere op- 
erato; i. e., by the inherent power of the institution 
or the performance of the act, independent of the 
moral character of the priest and the state of the 



recipient." This is the easier. It requires nothing 
of the recipient. The mere doing is supposed to be 
efficacious, and hence the tendency to depend on the 
sacraments independent of any increase in religious 
life and conduct. 

Unless the doing of the sacrament changes us 
through and through, so that we bear naturally, be- 
cause of the principles incorporated into our charac- 
ter, the fruits of the Spirit, the sacrament has had 
no efficacy; not because the sacrament is not adapted 
to occasion the efficacy, But because the recipient has 
not adapted himself to the law of the sacrament. 

McPhersou, Kans. 



The Lovableness of the Bible. 

BY C. ELLEN HUTCHISON. 

Whittier says, 

"We search the world for truth: 
We cull the' good,- the pure, the beautiful, 
From graven rock and written scroll, 
And all old flower-fields of the soul; 
And weary, speaking of the best, 
We come back laden from our quest 
To find that all the sages said 
Is in the Book our mothers read." 

There is no book so intensely interesting as the 
Bible. As Dr. White says, " Give it a fair chance 
with other books; give it even the time that you 
spend on your newspaper and see what it will yield." 

" You Who like to play at Bible, 

Dip and dabble, here and there. 
Just before you kneel, aweary, 

And yawn 1 through a hurried prayer, 
You who treat the Crown of Writings 

As you treat no other book, — 
Just a paragraph disjointed, 

Just a crude, impatient look. — 
Try a worthier procedure, 

Try a broad and steady view; 
You will kneel in very rapture 

When you read the Bible through!" 

Do you like beautiful literature? That is a taste 
that should be cultivated. Where will you find bet- 
ter material for cultivating such a taste than in the 
Bible? Where in all literature is there more beauti- 
ful language or grander poetic sentiment than in the 
Psalms of David and the prophecies of Isaiah? Where 
will you find more sublimity than in the Sermon on 
the Mount? Where finer logic than in the Epistles 
of Paul ? Where will you find more beauty of imagery 
than is found in many passages of both the Old and 
New Testaments? 

Do you not like a book that makes you think? Dr. 
McCosh says, " The book to read is not the one which 
thinks for you, but the one which makes you think," 
and, he adds, " no book in the world equals the Bible 
for that." 

We should love the Bible because of the light that if 
gives on the duties and problems and meaning of life. 
How would we know how to treat our fellow-beings, 
or how to treat God, if it were not for the Bible? Is 
there one who says that we. would have conscience for 
a guide? You might as well expecf to be guided, nat- 
urally, by your compass when you have no light what- 
ever by which to see your compass, as to expect to 
be guided spiritually or morally by a conscience that 
i has not been enlightened, directly or indirectly, by 
the Bible. Religions other than the Christian religion 
have their so-called sacred books and all of these 
have some good things in them; but, as one who made 
a study of some of these books, says, " They all be- 
gin -with some flashes of true light, and end in utter 
darkness." Ah ! How vastly different from God's 
Book, which causes the pathway of its follower to 
grow brighter and brighter " unto the perfect day " ! 

The Bible is lovable because it enters into the 
heart- experiences of all, irrespective of age, or rank, 
or race. There is in this Book that which meets the 
need and holds the interest of the little child; there 
is here that which is as light in a dark place to the in- 
experienced feet of youth; which is strength and wis- 
dom and courage to manhood and womanhood; which 
is the stay and comfort and hope of old age. This 
Book has been, and will continue to be, the inexhaust- 
ible study and inspiration of men of learning; it is 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 10, 1914. 



21 



to the unlearned a source of wisdom, wisdom far 
transcending all earthly wisdom. This Book offers 
guidance to the rich; it offers consolation to the poor. 
This Book meets alike the needs of the Caucasian, 
the African, the Chinaman, the South Sea Islander, 

" Father of mercies, in thy Word 
What endless glory shines! 
Forever be thy name adored 
For these celestial lines. 

" Here the Redeemer's welcome voice 
Spreads hcav'nly peace around; 
And life and everlasting joys 
Attend the blissful sound." 

The Bible is worthy of admiration and love be- 
cause it will not yield its treasures to those who would 
despise them. 1 Cor. 2: 14 says, " The natural man re- 
ceiveth not the things of the Spirit of God; for they 
are foolishness unto him: neither can he know them, 
because they are spiritually discerned." And when 
the apostle says in that same chapter that " eye hath 
not seen, nor ear heard, neither have en- 
tered into the heart of man, the things 
which God hath prepared for them that 
love him. But God hath revealed them 
unto us by his Spirit," he is not speak- 
ing of the glories of heaven but of what 
God has prepared for his own here on 
earth, " the deep things of God." Is not 
the psalmist speaking on this same sub- 
ject when he says, in Psa. 119: 99, 100, 
" I have more understanding than all 
my teachers: for thy testimonies are my 
meditation. I understand more than the 
ancients, because I keep thy precepts " ? 
Icsus says, " If any man will do his will, 
he shall know of the doctrine, whether 
it be of God, or whether I speak of my- 
self." 

"Light obeyed increaseth light; 
Light rejected bringeth night." 

The reason that some of us bave so 
little vital knowledge of the Bible is that 
we have not allowed the Holy Spirit to 
guide us into all truth. In searching 
the Bible to know our duty we must watch that we 
do not bring to it some previously-accepted notion 
of our own. An old monk once said, " Whoso seek- 
eth an interpretation from this Book shall get an an- 
swer from God. Whoso bringeth an interpretation 
to it shall get an answer from the devil." 

Jesus says, " The words that I speak unto you, 
they are spirit, and they are life." Napoleon said, 
" The Gospel is no mere book, but a living creature, 
with a vigor, a power, which conquers all that opposes 
it." God says, " My word . . . shall not return unto 
me void, but it shall accomplish that which I please, 
and it shall prosper in the thing whereto I sent it." O 
Sunday-school worker, trust not in your own ability, 
but trust in the power of this Word that you uphold; 
this Word that is " quick, and powerful, and sharper 
than any two-edged sword." It was a copy of the 
New Testament, found floating in the Bay of Yeddo, 
that introduced the Gospel into Japan when as yet 
no Christian teacher was allowed, except on pain of 
death, to enter. This Word has cleansed the ways and 
purified the souls of hundreds of thousands. Let in- 
fidelity do its worst: it can never wipe this Book out 
of existence. Why? Because the God who inspired 
this Book imbued it with his own power. " All flesh 
is as, grass, and all the glory of man as the flower of 
grass. The grass withereth, and the flower thereof 
falleth away: but the word of the Lord endureth for- 
ever." 

This Book, so full of precious promises and of un- 
erring counsel, surely deserves to be accepted by all 
as guide and friend and companion. Psa. 119: 165 
says, " Great peace have they which love thy law : and 
nothing shall offend them." -" Open thou mine eyes, 
that I may behold wondrous things out of thy law.'' 

Hurlock, Md. ■ 



Blue Ridge College. 

BY EDWARD C. BI.XLER. 

The past two years have brought many changes 
to Blue Ridge College. First, the cement plant near 
Us grounds, with its dust and blastings, rendered con- 
ditions impossible to continue the school at its old 
location. Union Bridge. Md. Then, after selling the 
buildings to the Cement Company, for ;i time its very 
existence seemed to be at an end. But, after consid- 
ering a number of locations, with their inducements, 
an option was taken on the old New Windsor College 
buildings. 

After securing full control of these buildings and 
grounds, and considering the outlook of the school, 
the trustees decided to remodel the old buildings, im- 
prove the grounds and also to erect a new building, 
in order to accommodate its students in well-equipped 
modern quarters and to provide a good library, mu- 
sic and class rooms, and a suitable auditorium. 



a parlor and two music rooms, ia well-lighted and at- 
tractive auditorium, which will seat about four hun- 
dred people. The second and third floors have been 
fitted out as a home for the young ladies, and will ac- 
commodate about fifty. The basement contains a 
large dining room and kitchen. 
Nciv Windsor, Md. 




One reason why more mountains are not being 
moved by faith, is that so few people are willing to 
begin with mole hills. 



BLUE RIDGE COLLEGE, MD. 



After perplexing problems, delays and disappoint- 
ments, the new building was considered ready for 
dedication, although the dormitory rooms had been 
previously completed and occupied, and Tuesday, 
Dec. 9, was set apart formally to dedicate the building 
for the uses for which it was constructed. Three 
programs were arranged for the day, which were to 
impart educational instruction and inspiration to the 
many friends of the institution and students who as- 
sembled for the exercises. Men who are giving their 
lives to the cause of education, or are strong support- 
ers of education, both public and private, were secured 
to deliver addresses. 

Since the College is receiving State aid, several 
speakers, representing the State Board of Education, 
or State Aid and Charities, emphasized the need the 
State has for the colleges, to supply it with teachers, 
and especially the Christian college, which not only edu- 
cates the mind but also develops the spiritual side of 
man, and sends out teachers who will give the children 
moral as well as mental training. In the evening. Dr. 
C. C. Ellis, of Juniata College, gave an address on the 
" Function of a Christian Education." He emphasized 
•the need of an education under Christian influences 
since the home, public schools and most of the higher 
institutions of learning are neglecting spiritual train- 
ing. 

The addresses were words of encouragement to 
those engaged in the work here, and especially those 
who have given their time and money that this com- 
munity might continue to enjoy the benefits of a 
Christian College of our own church. They were 
made to feel the need of pushing forward in the work, 
in order that our young people might receive an edu- 
cation under the best conditions. 

The new building is a brick structure, trimmed 
with stone, seventy-five feet by forty feet in size. It 
consists of three stories, a basement and a dormer 
story, which has been fitted out as the home of the 
sewing department. The first floor contains besides 



SOUTH ST. JOSEPH MISSION, MO. 
Wc enjoyed a pleasant visit by Brethren T. A and 
Chas. Eisenbise, of Chicago, who stopped over with us Dec. 
-I Bro, I\ A. Eisenbise preached a good sermon for us 
at the forenoon service and Bro. Chas. Eisenbise gave us 
a lecture in the evening. Their visit was appreciated. 
On the day following we buried one of our aged mem- 
bers who bad beeiV a great sufferer. He united with the 
church only a few mouths ago. This makes three of our 
number who have recently died. 

For some years we have been giving a pufclic dinner to 
our people on Christmas Day. This year we only re- 
ceived $3.50 for such a dinner from individuals outside of 
tlie c "- v We - therefore, appealed to the business men, 
nineteen of whom gave us small donations. 
By the help of several of the members we 
served a nice dinner in three rooms nf the 
Mission. It proved a blessing to many 
who only have such a dinner once' a year. 
On Christmas night we had appropriate 
cxerc sev. ;i large audience being present. 
IIh' program lasted almost two hours, and 
was "I,,. ,,[' lie best wc have ever had. It 
lonsisted nf forty recitations, four s.mgs 
and three miaricts. Our council meeting 
enlivened mi the 27ih. al 8 P. M.. with Eld. 
J. S. Kline in charge. The writer was 
elected e'erk for one year, and Sister I.ydia 
Garber, treasurer. Sunday-school and Chris- 
i an Workers' officers were elected for six 
months ;i- follows: Urn. J, li. Carpenter. 
■uperinienilent; Pearl I liiliinan, secretary 
and treasurer; Urn. II. P McOuilg, super- 

hitendcnl of die home department. Hm. 
< laude i arpenter uas elected superintend- 
rnl of Christian Workers, and Sister Millie 
'■ lollowell, treasurer, 

Ai the cbi>e of our morning service, Dec. 
2«, one sister who had left the church, re- 
turned, followed by Iter daughter-in-law, 
who is tin: mother of three of our Sunday- 
school girls. This caused great rejoicing. 
It was the best service we had during the 
holidays, The sister was at once reinstated, and the other 
one was baptized in the afternoon, together with a broth- 
er who will hold his membership in the North St. Joseph 
congregation, Amidst all these blessings wc still have 
many children who arc poorly fed and clothed. 

E. X. Huffman. 
502 Ky. Ave,. St. Joseph, Mo., Dec. 31. 



SPECIAL NOTICE. 



To the Churches and Members Comprising the State Dis- 
trict of North Dakota, Western Canada and Eastern 
Montana: 

Your committee on work relative to the " Home for the 
Aged, Poor and Infirm Members" of our District, begs to 
call your attention to the first paper under "Unfinished 
Business," on page 2 of the Minutes of District Meeting 
of 1913. 

Sec. 1 provides that an assessment, levied on each 
church in the District, be placed in the bands of the com- 
mittee, lo be used by them for immediate needs. This 
should be sent to the writer, who will receipt for it. 

Any church of the District which has those among their 
number who would be entitled to help from said fund, 
may write the undersigned, who will give the information 
necessary, to procure help from the District. 

Sec. 4 empowers us to look for a location for the Home. 
We would like if the churches, interested in having the 
Home located in their midst, would make known the fact 
to the committee, accompanied by a statement of any in- 
ducements they may have to offer. Said information 
should be in the hands of the committee by June 1, 1914. 
Minot. N. Dak.. Dec. 29. D. F. Landis. 



SOUTHERN MISSOURI. 
The District Sunday-school Convention of Southern Mis- 

uiiii is to convene In the Cabool church. Mo.. Jan. 11. at 10 
A. M„ the following program having been arranged: 

(1) In What Way Can the Teacher Present the Lesson to 
Make It Most Impressive and Beneficial? — Lee Jones. A. W. 
Adklns. (2) What Relation Is the Sunday-school to the 
Church? — N. A. Duncan. Lucy Spurlock. (3) How Make the 
Bible More Important in the Sunday-school?— E. D. Brenizer 
P L. Fike. (i) Give Best Ways of Getting Young People In- 
terested in Sunday-school Work.— Edmond Hylton, Addie 
Gray <5> How Best Conduct an Organized Sunday-schoo! 
riass?— Zelia Flke, C. O. Bogart. (6) The Teacher and His 
Bible— Roy Parrott. J. E. Cline. (7) How Reach the Young 
Men and Boys?— J. B. Hylton. I. L. Harris. (8) Essentials of 
I'eachlng.— (a> Know Your Scholars.— A. W. Adkins. (b) 
The Lesson.— Vesta Cline. (c) How Present It?— J. B. Keith. 
John Greenwood. Round Table conducted by A. W. Adkina. 

Zella Flke. Pearl Harris, Committee. 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 10, 1914. 



THE ROUND TABLE 



Baskets. 

BY W. 0. BECKNEU 
Number Two. 
The prevalence of baskets in the Philippines has 
led me to a new appreciation of some of the passages 
in both the Old and New Testaments. Take one 
from Genesis 40: 16. Joseph was in the Egyptian 
prison and was interpreting the dreams of the chief 
butler and the chief baker. " The chief baker . . . 
said unto Joseph, I also was in my dream, and, be- 
hold, three baskets of white bread were on my head: 
and in the uppermost basket there was all manner of 
baked food for Pharaoh." 

" Three baskets of . . . bread were on my head." 
Many times I have seen the natives of the Islands 
carry produce in " three baskets," on top of one an- 
other, as prettily poised on the head as a spinning top 
ever was on the floor of a schoolroom. Baskets arc 
used for everything. I remember when a small boy, 
back in East Tennessee, that my father used to go to 
town on Saturday afternoons and always carried his 
basket of eggs to market. The market-basket in our 
home was as indispensable as the dining-table. The 
basket was the carrying receptacle. Then, too, in the 
winter evenings, when the corn was to be shelled for 
father to take to the gristmill, two or three basketfuls 
of cars, sometimes more, were brought in and piled in 
the middle of the floor, and we children had a jolly 
time shelling corn. The basket was ill-important. 
In latQr years, out in Kansas and Nebraska, we al- 
most forgot the use of baskets. The grain wagon 
box was used. Com was shelled by machinery, hun- 
dreds of bushels in a day. Baskets were too slow. 
Out here in the Philippines all those primitive ways 
conic home to a person. The people are users of bas- 
kets. There are hundreds of small towns scattered 
all over the Islands in which there is a Chinaman 
baker. The bread and cakes are displayed on the 
counter of his little stuffy store in baskets, — big, flat- 
bottomed baskets. Those who sell his goods in other 
stores go to him with their baskets and have them 
piled up full. Two or three baskets are put together 
and all placed on top of the head to carry, just as the 
baker dreamed in Egypt several centuries ago. 

To see these scenes enacted today brings home to 
US the human element in the Bible. It is a record 
of human experiences. There are people in the world 
who arc unconsciously doing exactly what the old 
Egyptians did in the time of Joseph. 
Cuyo, Palawan, P. I. 



A Lesson from the Typewriter. 

BY J. D. HAUGHTELIN. 

Some time ago a friend gave me a typewriter. At 
my advanced age it is more difficult for me, than for 
a young person, to learn to use it. 

I am impressed with a very important les- 
son that was forcibly presented to my mind,- while 
trying to get acquainted with the typewriter. It re- 
cords all my mistakes. No matter Tiow small or how 
great the error, — there it is, recorded, just as I make 
it, regardless of whether it was done through igno- 
rance, forget fulness, or carelessness. 

Then came the solemn thought, — a true record of 
the acts, words, and thoughts of my life, whether 
good or bad, are somehow preserved. 

\\ hen T make a mistake on the typewriter, and can- 
cel it, that part is left out in reading, but the evidence 
of the mistake is still on the paper. So a sin may 
be canceled and forgiven by sincere repentance, but 
it were better that it had never been committed. As 
the canceled error on the typewritten sheet mars its 
contents, so the sins of a child of God, though for- 
given, will mar his happiness. 

The situation is very forcibly presented by Carlisle's 
truthful words, " Every act, every word, every 
thought of our life, affects our future destiny, and 
that through all eternity." Every act, good or bad, 
will tell in eternity. (See Ezek. 18; 9-24.) 



The solemn words of C. Wesley's Judgment Hymn, 
if pondered well, may help us to a more righteous life: 

" And must I be to judgment brought, 
And answer in that day 
For ev'ry vain and idle thought. 
And ev'ry word I say? 

*" Yes, ev'ry secret of my heart 
Shall shortly be made known, 
, And I receive my just desert, 

For all that I have done. 

" How careful, then, ought I to live! 
With what religious fear! 
Who such a strict account must give 
For my behavior here." 

Ponora, loiva. 



The New Year. 

BY IDA M. HELM. 

"Tick-tack, tick-tack," — the moments speed swift- 
ly away. The clock strikes the midnight hour, and the 
old year is gone. We have again written 365 pages 
of our life story, and the recording angel is keeping 
them in the library on high until that great day when 
every thought and deed of our lives shall be made man- 
ifest. Deep questionings and self -communings per- 
vade the minds. Our retrospections discover crooked 
marks and unsightly blots on the pages that came to 
us unsullied from our Maker during 1913, and we fain 
would wipe them out, but that is impossible. A joy- 
ful thought comes : " We can apply the blood of the 
Crucified One and cover them." Thoughtful, earnest 
resolves for the future may be determined upon. 
. The unsullied pages of the New Year are before 
us. Whether we choose to do so or not, — we must 
write our true character on the pages of 1914. As the 
searchlight of God's Word will reveal all sham and 
deception, the best thing we can do is to be earnest, 
sincere, courageous and true. 
R. D. 2, Ashland, Ohio. 



Our Progress for 1914. 

BY RUFUS M. REED. 

Let the whole Brethren church make the year 1914 
a banner year for Sunday-schools! It can be done. 
It should be done, with the many improved Sunday- 
school methods and tire new facilities now available, 
such as teacher-training classes, etc., for these mean 
better teachers, and better teachers are sure to make 
better schools. ' 

I am not finding fault with the past year's work, 
for its achievements are encouraging. Just think of 
the many Sunday-school Conventions that have been 
held by our church, the many fine programs that have 
been rendered, the many new helps, and the many 
good articles that have been written about Sunday- 
schools, and then think of the many earnest, conse- 
crated teachers and Sunday-school workers*! Never- 
theless, there is room for improvement. 

What, if every member of the Brethren church 
should get active in Sunday-school work, and not 
only get active, but stay that way the next year! 
There is no telling what might be done. Let us all 
wake up! Get alive! 

Laura, Ky, 



A Retrospect. 

BY J. A. MURRAY. 

We have reached a season of the year when it is 
natural for us to review the past. Sometimes it is 
the case that we can see only the dark side of the 
picture, but it is well for us to " look on the sunny 
side." It would be a dark picture, indeed, if there 
were no sunny side to it. 

Paul wrote that he knew a man that saw a grand 
picture of the sunny side (2 Cor. 12: 1-6). I know 
a man who, one year ago, was prostrate upon his 
bed, and some of his children, with kind neighbors, 
were standing around watching to see the last ex- 
pression of life on his countenance. But the Lord 
prolonged his life. Although he was confined to his 
house for about four months, about the middle of 
April he was able to attend Sunday-school and church 
services, Since that time he has been one of the con- 



gregation every Lord's Day. He has also attended 
two love feasts, two council meetings, two District Con- 
ferences (one at a Mennonite church), five funerals, 
assisted at two anointings, was at three Sisters' Aid 
Society meetings, two Children's Day meetings, made 
fourteen special visits to the poor, bereaved and af- 
flicted ones, and preached about thirty times, besides 
attending a number of evangelistic services and sup- 
porting a family of three on a ten-acre lot, — all at his 
own expense. 

Will you be surprised when I tell you this man is 
in his eightieth year? Dear brethren, let us not so 
easily be discouraged and seek to be laid on the shelf, 
for we read in the 92d Psalm, " They are planted in 
the house of Jehovah ; they shall flourish in the 
courts of our God. They shall still bring forth fruit 
in old age; they shall be full of sap and green: to 
show that Jehovah is upright." 

The man whose recent experiences have been re- 
lated is the writer. 

Smithville. Ohio. 



Sunday-School Lesson for Jan. 18. , 

The Good Samaritan.— Luke 10: 25-37. 

Golden Text. — Thou slialt love thy neighbor as thyself. 
—Mark 12: 31. 

Time.— Probably November. A. D. 29. 

Place. — Somewhere in the land of Perea, beyond the 
Jordan. 



CHRISTIAN WORKERS' TOPIC 



Prayer. 

Read Luke 11: 1-13. 
For Sunday Evening, January 18, 1914. 

1. Why should we pray (Matt. 26: 41; Luke 18: 1-8)? 

2. Does God hear and answer prayer (John 11: 42)? 

3. Prayer must be spiritual, not formal (Eph. 6: 18). 

4. In' whose name must we pray (John 16: 26)? 

5. Who helps us in prayer (Rom. 8: 26)? 

6. What is the relation of faith to prayer (Mark 11: 22- 
24)? 

7. A pure heart essentia! to true access (Matt. 6: 12-15; 
18: 21-35). 

8. We should pray for one another (James 5: 16). 

9. Should Christians pray for their enemies (Luke 23: 
34)? 

10. Should we pray for the Holy Spirit (Luke 11: 13)? 

11. Private prayer is commanded (Matt. 6: 6*). 

12. Jesus prayed in the morning in a solitary place 
(Mark 1: 35). 

13. Daniel prayed three times each day (Dan. 6: 10). 

14. Jesus spent entire night in prayer (Luke 6: 12). 

15. Proper prayer brings wonderful results (James 5: 16). 



PRAYER MEETING 



Our Need of the Divine Protector. 

2 Cor. 2: 14-17. 
For Week Beginning January 18, 1914. 

1. Man Has No Resources Within Himself. — His con- 
dition is one of absolute dependence. Because of man's 
utter helplessness, Christ undertook the work of redemp- 
tion. " When we were yet without strength, in due time 
Christ died for the ungodly" (Rom. 5: 6). After obtain- 
ing deliverance through Christ, our dependence upon him 
continues. We are kept by his power; we are made 
fruitful through the impartatibn of his life. Christ, as 
the Vine, supplies strength and vigor to the branches. 
Of ourselves we can do nothing (Jer. 2: 22; 10: 23; Prov. 
20: 24; Eccl. 6: 12; Psa. 118: 8; 144: 3). 

2. All That We Lack We Find in God.— He gives " grace 
to help in time of need." When he appoints our tasks, 
he gives us strength to perform them. For our warfare 
he supplies ample equipment. Appalled by the greatness 
of the work before us, hope conquers fear when we re- 
member that the God in whom we trust is sufficient " for 
these things." " I can do all things through Christ," says 
Paul, "which strengtheneth me" (Philpp. 4: 13). "God 
is able to make all grace abound unto you; that ye, hav- 
ing always all sufficiency in everything, may abound unto 
every good work" (2 Cor. 9: 8; Psa. 94: 10; Prov. S: 21; 
16: 1-3; Psa. 36: 6; 145: 15, 16). 

3. The Only Limit to the Coworking of the Grace of 
God Is the Incapacity of the Individual. — The vessel 
which is held up is filled to its utmost capacity. "Ac- 
cording to your faith be it unto you," expresses the Di- 
vine rule of giving. Stephen was "a man full of faith 
and of the Holy Spirit," simply because he was prepared 
to receive an outpouring. We receive to the extent that 
we are prepared to receive. Into the open heart the 
Spirit enters as air enters the open door (Matt 17: 19, 
20j Mark 4: 40; Heb. 4: 2; 1 Tim. 1: 19; Rom. 2: 6-11). 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 10, 1914. 



23 



HOME AND FAMILY 



The Good Shepherd. 

BY JAS. A. SELL. 
•■The Lord is my shepherd; I shall not want. He nmketh 
„„. to lie down In green pastures: he leadeth me beside the 
till water* He restoreth my soul: he leadeth me In the 
nnlhs of righteousness for his name's sake. Yen. though I 
SnVlk through the valley of the shadow of death. I will fear 
no evil- for thou art with me: thy rod and thy staff they 
comfort me. Thou preparest a table before me In the pres- 
ence of mine enemies: thou anolntest my head with oil; my 
cm runneth over. Surely goodness and mercy shall follow 
me all the days of my life; and I will dwell In the house of 
the Lord for ever." — Psalm 23. 

8s and 7s. 
Jesus is a Tender Shepherd. 

To the soul that trusts his care: 

He redeemed us by his sufferings. 

And protects from every snare. 

In his love and great compassion, 

He goes with us every day, 

Chooses out our changes for us, 

Keeps us in the narrow way. 

If we ask him he will feed us 
* With the true and living bread, 

Satisfy our every longing, 

Keep us free from anxious dread. 
We can' rest in peace and comfort, 

In the fullness of his love, 
Lave our soul in sweetest pleasure, 

Foretaste of the bliss above. 
If we sometimes wander from him, 

And by sin are led astray, 
He restores us with his Spirit, 

Leads us in his own right way. 
For such love and condescension 

He shall have our highest praise, 

We'll adore his name most glorious. 

With our songs and solemn lays. 

When our wanderings are completed, 

And we're called from earth away. 

Here's the dark and gloomy valley, 

Which leads out to perfect day. 
Earthly friends must now forsake us, 

As the shadows thickly fall, 
But our Shepherd will go with us. 

Be our comfort, all in all. 
He struck down the king of terrors, 

On the resurrection morn, 
And this joyful, cheering message. 

Unto every soul is borne, 
Now we look on death's dark portals 

As the way that leads to light, 
Out into the fields of glory, 

Where there never shall be night. 
Every one who trusts the Shepherd. 

Shall enjoy a bounteous feast; 
He prepares to make them happy, 
From the greatest to the least. 
He anoints their heads with gladness, 

Till their cup of joy o'erflows, 
Cheers them with his loving presence, 
Keeps them safe from all their fucs. 
And his goodness never faileth, 

Through our changes bright or drear; 
If we trust his precious promise, 

In his heart he holds us dear. 
He provides us with a shelter, 

Where the soul is made secure; 
It will keep us in his presence, 
And forever will endure. 
Hollidaysburg, Fa. 

The New Woman. 

BY KATHRYN LEHMAN. 

; sphere is great, but in woman's hand lies the 



nfluence on mankind 



Man's 
wand that has the greater 

Chiefly upon her depends the development or the de- 
terioration of the entire human race. 

Let us suppose that for the next hundred years 
every woman in-America were really and truly edu- 
cated,— educated in that broad sense which culmi- 
nates in the " New Woman." In no other way could 
such a change have been brought about. Go with me 
anywhere, and especially into our cities, and take no- 
tice. There are no store-box loafers, no poor little 
waifs with tattered garments and dirty faces, not a 
single saloon, not a gambling den, nor any 
body-and-soul destroyer. I hear some one saying, 
possible ! " and I repeat, " It is possible." 

Why have I so" emphasized the education of wom- 
an and have said nothing of the education of man? 
Because hi» education is a natural consequence. 



Would the New Woman many a man far her infc- 
rior? Would she not assume '.lie responsibility of 
educating her children? 

Her influence does not stop with man ; she has the 
power to move nations. No nation can rise above 
what it will allow its women to become. Why have 
India and China, as well as many other nations, made 
such slow progress in development? Simply because 
their home-makers are handicapped; they are not 
considered worthy of an education. Give woman an 
equal chance ; teach her the things she ought to know, 
and in a few generations missionaries to those coun- 
tries would not be needed. 

There are, in the United States alone, twenty-five 
million women. Can you conceive of all the various 
kinds of women that might be found among such a 
large number? How few are ideal! Let us imagine 
that the entire twenty-five million are assembled, and 
you may pass through the crowd and take notice. It 
is absolutely indescribable as a mass. It seems to 
be a conglomeration of colors, feathers, styles and 
no styles, smiles and frowns, misery, squalor and 
wretchedness, all in one seething mass. No type of 
woman can be conceived of that is not represented in 
this body, nor can any new kind of home be pictured 
that is not represented by these women. Some, we 
inust confess, are not worthy of the name woman, 
for that name implies a great deal. 

Suppose that suddenly, as you were walking 
through this peculiar assembly, almost speechless witll 
wonder and sometimes shame, for woman's sake, 
every woman should, by some mysterious revelation, 
be made to realize what the new woman of today 
really ought to be. Notice the change in the faces of 
the many. In some you would see only a more thought- 
ful, unselfish appearance; some would suddenly look 
up into the big, blue sky, with its fleecy clouds, and 
then all about them at the trees and hills and rivers, 
feeling for the first time that all ground is hallowed ; 
some would hide for shame, because of their per- 
sonal appearance; some would feel shocked at their 
ignorance; some would have a most troubled look 
upon their faces as they thought of the misused hus- 
bands and of the poor , little, untaught, uncared-for, 
unloved children at home; others would cry out in an-, 
guish as the inner life of the past loomed up before 
them. 

Would that there might come such a revelation ! It 
would be one grand step toward that standard which 
we call the New Woman. The first step is the vision, 
—and not one who has had this vision but wishes 
some day to attain the ideal. Girls, some one may 
get the vision from you! 

What is this ideal, this New Woman? - She is one 
who is so complete that she is hard to define. It 
would be difficult to enumerate her good qualities in 
a logical order, for they are of almost equal impor- 
tance. 

First of all, she should have her birthright,— and 
what is that? The right to be well born,— physically, 
mentally, morally, socially, and spiritually. Many of 
us are robbed of one or the other of these birthrights, 
thus making it doubly hard to attain the ideal. We 
have a right to a strong body, a capable mind, a clean 
moral nature, an unselfish love for all mankind, and 
a faith in, and a love toward. God. Had we all this, 
we would be half complete; the other half mur.t be 
won by constant effort. Pity that one who must win 
both halves, who has not her birthright! God did 
not intend it to be so,— he is just,— he meant only 
that we should double the talents which we already 



loves nature, the birds, every beast, all mankind, and 
God. She loves books for the sake of knowledge. 
She has a broad sympathy for the aged as well as 
for the younger, for her inferiors and those who do 
not believe as she does; a general utility spirit, that 
causes her to forget self in her desire to be useful 
everywhere and at all times ; she loves music and pos- 
sibly art, and best of all, she loves the common duties 
of housekeeping, or what should be called home-mak- 



ing. 

If all our women were such, where would all the 
men and boys spend the winter evenings? Where 
would all the store-box loafers and the ragged street- 
urchins be? 

The liquor problem is a great one, but solve the 
woman problem and the liquor problem will solve 
itself. 

Bridgcwatcr, Va. 



have 



Walking With God. 

BY KATIE FLORY. 

God wants us to walk with him -for he has said, 
" Take my yoke and learn of me." A yoke suggests 
combined effort. Amos asks, " Shall two walk to- 
gether except they be agreed ? " — as much as to say 
that walking with God can not be done until there has 
been an agreement. There are some who have agreed 
to do this by an expression of the will, and by living 
up to their sacred baptismal vows. 

When going through a dark place, or unknown 
road, how safe one feels when having hold of another's 
hapd who knows all about the dangers of the way! 
And it is ever so much better yet to have Christ walk 
with us through this dark world of sin, and in the 
dark hours of life. " Though I walk through the val- 
ley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil, for 
thou art with me." When we walk with Christ, we 
are walking in the light,—" I am the light of the 
world." " If any man follow me he shall not walk 
in darkness but shall have the light of life." 

When we " walked according to the course of this 
world, according to the prince of the powers of the 
air, of the spirit that now worketh in the sons of dis- 
obedience," we were not walking with God, but with 
Satan and the world. Those of us who are " walking 
in the King's highway " have found it so good and 
pleasant that the old way has become disgusting to us. 
When Jesus says to us, " Follow me," it means 
the giving up of all the past sinful life, a complete 
surrender of self, a dying to sin, and a separation from 
all things that arc worldly. It means the receiving of 
a new creation within, and knowing Jesus in the 
power of the Spirit. 

Walking with' God brings untold happiness and 
blessings, and persecutions as well. It did to Moses 
and many faithful followers of old. This kind of 
walking means activity in religious endeavors and not 
listlessness. 

Much is said as to how our walk here in the world 
is to be. It is to be " by faith, not by sight." " In the 
light," "worthy of the vocation wherewith we have 
been' called," "not as unwise, but as wise; redeeming 
the time, because the days are evil." "Not in the 
counsel of the wicked." 

It is said that Noah and Enoch walked with God. 
Enoch lived so near U- God, that God took him as he 
was, without dying. Is our walk as close to God's as 
was Enoch's? It ought to be, and if it is not we 
should be finding out the reason why it is not. and 
remove everything that hinders such walking. If our 
walk is not as close to God's as Enoch's was, how can 
e expect to be among the number 



vho shall be 



But I hear some girls, who are wide awake with en- cauf ,| lt U p in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air? 

.. , i- :,_:_. l ... • .. .. .. ..... -In,- tlio mind 



other 
Im- 



thusiasm, saying, " Give us something definite in the 
way of attaining that standard of ideal womanhood. 
That is hard to do; no two lives run exactly in the 
same channel, nor is it necessary. Your life may be 
an ideal one, and so may mine, and yet we as indi- 
viduals may be as different as it is possible to be. 

It matters not how we begin or how we proceed. 
Life is a matter of few or many experiences ; the more 
experiences, the richer the life. There are no trifles; 
all things are big to a noble heart. 

Let us picture the ideal-the New Woman. She 



It will do us good often to pray as we sing the good 

old hymn, 

" Oh. for a closer walk with God. 
A calm and hcav'nly frame! 
A light to shine upon the road 
That leads me to the Lamb! 

" So shall my walk be close with God, 
Calm and serene my frame; 
So purer light shall mark the road, 
That leads me to the Lamb." 
Union, Ohio. 



24 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 10, 1914. 



THE (lOSPFJ. MF,SSF,Nr;F R ■ lALL m "»stenal "dp reaches us from the On page twenty-one of this issue we take pleasure 

X IlEl VI UUI _L LUEldOEl^UElK Olympia church, Wash. Who is ready to enter this in presenting to our readers a good view of the new 

onoi.1 Otj_ of tie o__ of tie Br_r.ii. needy field? Bro. M. M. Michael, Olympia. Wash., building erected by Blue Ridge College, Md. Friends 

A RELIGIOUS WEEKLY will supply needed information to any inquirers. of the school, and of our educational interests in gen- 

poblisheo »v ~ —- cral, will rejoice in {his substantial addition to "our 

Brethren Publishing House Bm - ■>• bDWIN Jarboe, of Red Cloud, Nebr., ,s sc hool buildings. 

PUBLISHING agent general mission BOARD. wltn the members of the Swan Creek church, Ohio, 

is to Hi south Stats strsbt, Elgin. Illinois. '" a revival effort. So far nine have openly con- Bro. J. H. B. Williams, who was in attendance at 
SUBSCRimON . $..50 PER ANNUM. .N ADVANCE '"^ ^ S ^° r ' a " d "»■"» are deeply impressed. the recent Student Volunteer Convention at Kansas 

— =i Cl 'y. Mo., the latter part of last week, reports an en- 
Editor, d. l. __ """O" , Bro ^, E ; S - Hollinger, wife and son, of Hollans- thusiastic gathering. Nearly all of our schools were 
omc Editor, j. aMjorj ^ ^ plate burg, Ohio, were with us at our services last Sunday represented by delegates. About thirty of our mem- 
o_.v_4r« Editor.. "' en,n <? and next mining visited the Publishing bers were interested listeners to the many inspiring 

& g-J$g!^.-:::::::::::::$SgT2gb $i T!, ^^T," Mmding the winter term addresses on the a »-™portant theme of missions. * 

Grant Mah an Omaja, Cuba. at OCthany Bible School. 

Business Manager. R. E. Arnold. —. -. . 

Adrt.ory <__«„ „,,„._ „ r . "T^ Tr, ^ t- , ■ Christmas number of Bro. J. F. Graybill's pa- 

s. N. McCanr,, G. w. Len ts, p. r. Keltnor. brethren baien B. Royer and H. C. Early arrived per, Evangcli Budbiirare, has reached our desk We 

_. ln rnd,a somewhat earlier than anticipated. They regret that our very limited knowledge of either the 

|.__L_%;.__S_____^JS:%C were abIe t0 spend Christmas with the members at Swedish or Danish.-both of which languages are 

__ to __ ri _,.o__. .,„,,,. Bulsar, and are now hard at work on a study of the found in the paper,-will not permit us to obtain the 

En!.-™! »t ihc roat onice aisigin, in., .» second-am. Motto-. missionary situation in India. f u ll benefit of all the good things presented, but we 

N,nk baptised and Z» reclaimed is the immediate ^ M L Mahgn recently labored in a four £J% hefting Snal '" ^ ^ ** *° ^ 

result of Mm. I. 11. Pike's revival effort in the Laporte Weeks ser,es of meetings for the Wooster church, ______ • 

church, I. id. ° h '° Thirty-three made the good confession. Eight At the close of well-attended Christmas exercises 

Bro. I. I.. Thomas, of Copemish, Mich., is to lo- , ^ be ™ ,' >ap " zed ; t,,e others sti " await the '"> °"e of the eastern churches, the superintendent 

rale at Kuna, Idaho— a place where his pastoral ef- arm " n,st,atlon of the sacred rite. made - tIse of the sp | endid opportunity afforded him. 

forts are greatly ne eded. The little flock at Rehobeth, Md a mission point '° rCach " ,e pare ' ltS ° f tlie children - B 7 a strong ap- 

n „_ T „ . . , „ , ,. , . of the Denton congregation, has been greatly revived P ' 1C sollclted thelr cooperation for the year 1914, 

During a recent revival effort m the Fredonii, ,, y ^ JJ »™^ ™™ d ,„ realization of the fact that only as Sunday-school 

:":;,::,;,;;: :; c , n,;;- , K Cnst ' f,ve werc g s r -^ *° ** - — £,; LS 1 » _ °t ia,s a, i? tead,ers are tr a,,y aided by the par - 

by colli sion and baptism . ^^ ^ ^j^,.^ of fl]e sacre / rite _ ents, can the most successful resul ts be attained. 

Next week we hope to publish the program for „ T ,„ _ t( „„,:„„ , • , ', ' , , „ 

the Bible Institute or Pa.mera College Lordsburg. , S'"" a ".v -tes and items of church news in general „k , dt n IT W T T" I '"' 

' .it. to be held Fan. 26 lo .11 inclusive l,ave reached " 5 du ™S the last few days that, in spite D ' Slr ' Ct ° f No ' °\ Dak °' a - Westem Ca " ada and East- 

■ of our utmost endeavor to condense them, they have Cr " Montana '? directed to the "Special Notice" on 

Mun. S. E. Thompson, having accepted the pastor- m °re than filled the place at our disposal, leaving a 1>age ' 21 .° f thls ,ssue ' '^ comm 'ttee in charge of 

ate of the Shade Creek church, Windber. Pa., should. number of these communications for next issue. " le ,ocatm K and building of the " Home for the Aged, 

after Jan, IS, be addressed at that place. Poor and Infirm Members," is anxious to start the 

The District Mission Board of the Middle District worl< confided to them at an early date, and to this 

The rededication of the meetinghouse at Rocky of Missouri publishes a bimonthly journal in the in- emi tl,e cooperation of every member in the District 

Ridge, Md., is to occur Jan. 11, at 10:30 A, M., BrO. terest of the work in its own field. No. 6 of Vol. I is solicited. ' 

CD. Bonsack del ivering the dedic atory address. has just come to our desk and indicates a becoming Since Bro. W. Carl Rarick's recent series of meet- 

We are requested to announce that the Bible In- ^'^ ° f Zea ' ^ the m ' ssion interests of the Dis- ings in the Woodland church, Mich., renewed interest 

stitttte, to be conducted by Bro. ]. Edson Ulery in '"^ Seems t0 P e ' n ' ade the membership. In order to do 

the Middlebury church, Ind., will begin Feb. 8. ' S ° ME s P ir itual meetings were recently held by Bro. more aggressive work, it has been decided to organ- 

G. H. Bashor, of Los Angeles, Cal., in the Glendale ize t,le town members into a separate body, thus en- 
1'ive entered the baptismal grave and rose to a church, Arizona. Eight repentant ones vowed alle- a bling them, by proper efforts, to build up a flourish- 
renewed life, as the result of Bro. J. A. Naff's revival g«_e to the Great King. Of these, four were bap- in S congregation in that locality. The country mem- 
eflort at the White Oak schoolhouse, near Naffs, tized and four restored. The members are greatly re- Ders a,s ° are preparing for a campaign of active work 

V 1 - freshed. • in the near future. 

Bro. W. Carl Rarjck returned from the Bible In- The newly-constructed church at Richland Pa is 

stitute in the Four Mile church, Ind., Jan. 2. He re- nearly ready for services, and Feb 1 has been de's'ig struggling western congregation recently decided 

ports excellent interest in the work by those in at- nated as the date for the dedication There will be '° ' 3ke $1 ° fl "° m '' S mea ? er church funds 'hat the 

tendance. three meetirigs.-forenoon, afternoon and evening- Me9se ^er might pay its weekly visits to the home of 

We are glad to note that at this writing (Jan. 6) with a series of meetings to continue for a week 'or ^ the ' r P °° r members ' and ako to reach some 

Bro. Amide's condition seems to have slightly in.- more, if a minister can be secured for the work 7 are ' aS yet ' w,thout the fold - To rais c further 

proved, and it is hoped that there may soon be a de- to that wort hy ™d, it was decided to take a 

cided change for the better. We are rea ,uested to ascertain whether any mem- collection once each quarter. Such a recognition of 

bers are ''ving in the vicinity of Shields, N. Dak., near the helpful influence of the Messenger is sure to be 

Do not fail to note, on last page of this issue, the the Standing Rock Indian Reservation. Sister Mar- rewarded by a glorious fruitage. 

announcement from the Committee on Program, rela- tfaret Kring, who recently located at the place men- 

tive to matters connected with our forthcoming An- tioned above, would like to come in touch with any of ° UR TraCt De Partment has brought out four inter- 

nual Conference at Seattle, Wash. our members residing near her new home Those "''"" am ' ne, P ful tracts, envelope size: 

Tl-IE Sorin^field mission ni,i„ .i c " h ° Ca " g ' Ve the de S"red information will please ad- " Ba P' ism ! <" the Remission of Sins," by Bro. B. E. 

„or»7l ' reCe,Wly fa " dress Si ster Kring at Box 75 Shields N Dak Kesler - Price ' "^ c =nts per hundred. 

vored by a series of meetings, during which, by the S ' eM S ' N ' Uak ' "The Simple Life in Dress." by J. W. Lear Price 

faithful efforts of Bro. R. N. Leathennan and wife, A card from Sister A. R. Cottrell dated Dec 12 " fty "" ts p " hundred - 

of Chicago, seven turned to the Lord. 1913, states the following- "We »rri„„,l ;„ c„ u ' "Christian Citizenship," by A. G. Crosswhitc: Price, 

harbor n,. r, to. n u r Bombay fifty cents per hundred. 

Bro. D. M. Adams having resigned from the pas- q a m Bm' m ,' j c Came ashore next day at "Helps for All, The Way of the Cross," arranged by 

.orate of the Cerro Gordo, 111., church, has accepted d irtted u! to ! ?f .""n T ^ ^ ^ ^ ~ *" C ' aybaUgh ' f " C ' 

a call from the North Manchester city church, Ind., Brother and %L 7 u I™ Tt f ° BulSar ' ThcSe tracts should be wideI y d istributed, for they 

and will enter upon his duties April 1 ' d f , ' a " d S ' Ster R Mar >' Ro >' er will do good. , 

— ' went on to Anklesvar. We are glad to be in India »r t , -, " • 

A series of doctrinal sermons was delivered by Bro. °" r v0 >^ was fine, weather excellent, and all are rk thL°t °Z 7* 7 uT^ T™^ F ™"~ 

A. S. Workman, of North Manchester Ind „ the We ' 1 " , ,' ' ' "° ^ fa " h U ^" wh °' S ° me yearS 

Lima church, Ohio. Of the six who 'responded to Sister Florence Neep. Lordsbur. Cal is now bf hi^lW /"" ITT l"^ "- ^i.™"' 

the gospel invitation, four have been baptized one is read >' to fill all orders for the book recenth oub ished ' ^^r^ , of hea,m e- For a " me the P a " 

to be reclaimed, and one awaits the baptismal rit" " Bro. James M. Neff's Biograpt a d W ti^ ' The c.a msTut .a „ _T ^^ d f "* "T^ 

book is bramH i„ ,-wi, j /• "'""'"S 1 - me claims, but later on he disappeared from public view. 

Through Sister Sadie J. Miller we lean, that Sister Bro Neff's p,i togaph a fe7re iTt T T"' A feW dayS ^ he tUr " ed Up "' Melnphis ' T »"" 

Qumter of Bulsar. India, is to enter the Irish Mission sion efforts, s Says a shor bio ' al SeV ! ra L m ' S - wh ^ the po,i « ° f *« <** ^«" d him wandering 

Hospital at Auand this month, for an operation which $1.00. The book is wel 'worthv . T^^', T "ru""' ab ° Ut the StrCetS in a " a PP are "tIy irresponsible con- 

■s hkely to be very critical. We are sure that the of each of our m mbe I n v h T , I ™i m ° n - Uke a " ° lher men ° f his stahlp ' he flourished 

prayers of the saints will be offered in her behalf. this office. memDers ' " ma y be ordered through for a while, only to sink into oblivion, forgotten by 

even his admirers. 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 10, 1914. 



25 



On page 27 we publish a communication by Bro. 
p, S. Miller, chairman of the Annual Meeting Trans- 
portation Committee. It will be noted that these 
brethren are doing their very best to secure the most 
favorable rates, but that much time will necessarily 
be required in order to accomplish their task. Bro. 
Miller is endeavoring to secure a rate of $60.00 for 
the round trip from Chicago, and hopes to announce 
a definite ruling on that matter, by the railroad asso- 
ciations, at an early date. 

We are informed that in at least some of our con- 
gregations the agents have not, as yet, called upon all 
the patrons within their territory, with a view of hav- 
ing them renew their subscriptions. Our splendid 
Bible offer has induced some subscribers to renew 
without awaiting the call of the agent. Obviously, 
such a state of affairs in a congregation that appoints 
an agent, is uncalled for. If the agent is wide-awake 
and prompt to attend to his appointed work, the mem- 
bers are very likely to respond with an early settle- 
ment for their subscriptions. 



We are requested by Bro. D. Warren Shock, 1210 
Twenty-fifth Avenue, North, Minneapolis, Minn., to 
announce the following: "The work at this place is 
greatly in need of colored picture lesson cards. Many 
of our Sunday-schools have a number of these, left 
over from Sunday to Sunday, which are of no value 
where they are, but which would prove very helpful 
in our Sunday-school work here, if they were but for- 
warded to us." We suggest that any of our schools, 
having lesson cards as referred to, kindly communi- 
cate with Bro. Shock at the address given above. 



That Which Counts. 

There are plenty* of people who. in order to make 
life a success, think they should have everything as 
favorable as possible. They wish good health, a sub- 
stantial income, a finished education, and at least a 
few influential friends. With such helpful conditions, 
it is thought that one should certainly succeed in most 
any undertaking. We presume that the rich man, 
about whom we read in Luke 16, was favored with 
most of these conditions. He was favored with an 
ample income, probably enjoyed good health, may 
have possessed at least a good business education, 
and unquestionably had plenty of influential friends. 
It would seem that one so greatly blessed should 
certainly have made life a success. But the narrative 
given by the Master shows that he made the worst 
kind of a failure. It is said that in the other world 
he lifted up his eyes in hell, being in torments. Help- 
ful environments and conditions in his. case counted 
for nothing. ' And what was true of the rich man may 
prove equally true in thousands of other cases. Men 
of worth do not, as a rule, succeed simply because of 
their helpful environments, but in spite of discourag- 
ing surroundings. Many a young man has made 
himself felt in spite of his poor health and weak body. 
Others, in the start, were handicapped by poverty, and 
yet they succeeded, and made themselves useful. As 
for education, many a poor boy has outstripped the 
rich boy and in the end carried off the prize. The 
young man, be he ever so poor, if he shows by what 
he does, that there is something in him, need not want 
for friends. And, after all, in nine cases out of ten, 
it is what is in one that enables him to make some- 
thing of himself. Helpful environments and promis- 
ing conditions may be desirable, but it is the true 
worth in the heart, head and soul that tells the story 
in the end. _^__^ 

Our Florida Editorial. 

On Monday evening, Dec. 22, we left Chicago for 
the South, and on Wednesday morning dur train, the 
"Dixie Flyer," after making 1,089 miles, pulled into 
Jacksonville, Fla. An afternoon run of 150 miles to 
the South, crossing the St. Johns River twice, brought 
us to Eustis, Lake Co., Fla., and the next evening 
found us domiciled in a large room at a boarding- 
house, where we shall remain for a while at least. 
Here, in the northeast corner of the room, we estab- 
lished our temporary Messenger sanctum, and here 



we shall devote some time each day to such work, re- 
lating to the Editorial Department, as may come to 
our desk. 

On leaving Elgin wc turned the management of the 
MESSENGER over lo our efficient assistant, Bro. L. A. 
Plate, who has had considerable experience in looking 
after the paper during our absence at the Annual 
Meeting and on other occasions. He will dispose of 
all church news, correspondence, and other matters 
demanding early attention. Some of the essays, es- 
pecially those not intended for immediate insertion, 
may be referred to us. Here we pass on them with- 
out delay and then forward the same to the office. It 
is a matter of only a few days between Eustis and El- 
gin. Furthermore, we shall keep up at least a part 
of our editorial writing, leaving the item department, 
however, wholly to Bro. Plate. All of our editorials 
of a personal nature, like the present one, will be fol- 
lowed by our initials. The others will appear as here- 
tofore. 

Along the line of travel, between Chicago and this 
part of the South, one sees much of interest. On 
Tuesday morning we crossed the Ohio River at Evans- 
ville, and entered Kentucky, once famous for its well- 
tilled farms, splendid farm buildings and fine stock. 
Much of the charm of the State was swept away by 
the Civil War. and though nearly fifty years have 
passed since the strife ended, prosperity has not yet 
been fully restored. Rut Kentucky, with all other 
parts of the South, is si niggling for better conditions, 
and in time will become as prosperous as any portion 
of the North. 

It commenced raining soon after wc entered Ten- 
nessee, and continued until wc reached our destina- 
tion. On approaching Jacksonville, wc observed with 
pleasure some promising gardens. Some of them re- 
minded us of early summer in the North. Evergreen 
•trees were in evidence on every hand, and at a few 
points roses were in bloom. We found the large 
Union Depot at Jacksonville congested. In order to 
escape the cold of the North, people by the thousands 
arc rushing to Florida. A few spend the winter 
months in this city, but most of them go farther South. 

We should have liked to stop at Middleburg, about 
twenty-five miles southwest of Jacksonville, and spend 
a few days with the small body of members at that 
point, but circumstances made it necessary to proceed 
on our journey without delay. The heavy rain of the 
afternoon, and the darkness that overtook our train, 
interfered with seeing some of the fine views that we 
were anticipating along the St. Johns River. 

But we are now here to get the best there is out 
of this genial clime. We find Eustis a delightful little 
city of about 1,500 souls. It is situated on the eastern 
bank of a charming lake, and is the center of an enor- 
mous orange and grape fruit industry. In the way of 
fresh vegetables, we are, even at this season of the 
year, in the midst of abundance, and it is of the very 
best. About these things, and some of the conditions 
of Florida generally, we may possibly write later. 

We write this article on Monday morning, Dec. 29, 
while seated in a room, with windows and door wide 
open. Yesterday an automobile took us five miles out 
into the pine woods, where we preached to an atten- 
tive little congregation. Here, on a hill, in the lone 
woods of Florida, may be found a neat little church, 
where the people gather to worship. Years ago the 
house was erected by the Presbyterians, but about one 
year 'ago it was purchased by Bro. J. C. Funderburgh, 
who lives three miles east of Eustis. He has a fine 
orange grove, and it was at his home, almost sur- 
rounded by heavily-laden orange trees, that we took 
dinner. Bro. Funderburgh and wife are conducting 
a Sunday-school at the little church on the hill, and 
are doing a splendid work. 

On Sunday evening we had the pleasure of listen- 
ing to a splendid address by Dr. W. T. Moore, of the 
Disciple church. He is now eighty-one years old, a 
fine-looking man, with a white beard nearly a foot in 
length, but displays as much energy in the pulpit as 
most men of only half his age. He is a man of fine 
scholarship. We have been reading after him for 
thirty years, but this was the first time it was our priv- 
ilege to see him in the pulpit. This was his farewell 



address as pastor of the Eustis congregation. He 
closes his labors, as he said, to make room for a young- 
er and a more active pastor. 

Concerning our people, their work in Florida, and 
the outlook for the Brethren church, we shall have 
something to say at a later date. j. h. m. 



Dress Reform. 

Somk time ago the writer suggested, in an editorial 
in these columns, the starting of a movement that 
would bring into closer union the religious bodies 
who are interested in the much-needed dress reform. 
It was set forth that it would be well for the Annual 
Conference to appoint a special committee to confer 
with other religious bodies who are deeply interested 
in this subject, so that a propaganda might be in- 
stituted to bring about greater simplicity in dress 
throughout the religious world and to stem the tide 
of immodest and ridiculous styles and fashions of 
our times. The world seems to have gone fashion 
mad in these days. 

Onr National Conference, held at Winona Lake. 
Tnd., last June, took up the question, and after an 
interchange of views the following query with its 
answer was passed and a committee of five was 
named, whose duly it will he to report a plan for 
carrying forward the suggestions to our Conference 
at Seattle, Wash., June. 1914: 

Wc, the Bridgcwatcr congregation, petition District 
Mot-ting of the Second District of Virgin!? to ask An- 
nual Meeting of 1013, assembled at Winona Lake. Ind . 
to appoint a committee on' dress reform tn for inn late 
plans and to confer with other religious bodies in an 
effort to bring about greater simplicity in dress through- 
out the religious world. 

Answer: Decided to appoint a committee of five to 
consider this question and report at next Annual Meet- 
ing. 

Committee: J. J. Yodcr, A. S. Thomas. C. D. Non- 
sack, Florence H. Myers, Mary Teeter. 

The action of the Conference was timely and much 
needed, and it is sincerely hoped that tiie able com- 
mittee appointed will present an effective and work- 
able plan lo the Annual Meeting at Seattle that will 
meet the unanimous approval of the Conference and 
be put into immediate action. And why not? Are 
there not needed strenuous efforts to check this grow- 
ing evil? We have peace and temperance committees. 
laboring earnestly and effectively along their separate 
lines of endeavor. At large there is a wide movement 
against the white slave traffic and other evils. Why 
not an earnest effort on dress reform? Why not 
enter upon this question with a determination and 
energy to curb this evil that will mean success? 

It U the general consensus of opinion, expressed in 
the religious and secular press, that the present style 
and mode of immodest and often inderent dress, ex- 
posing the form and parts of the body, is one among 
the most fruitful causes of the downfall of so manv 
women, Tt is the field from which the white slaver 
p-athers his victims for a life of shame. There are 
hundreds of thousands of good, 'pure women who 
would welcome a sensible reform in dress and be 
only too happy to be free from the behests of fashion, 
but they do not have the strength to brave public 
oninion. 

The fashions come and go, the four seasons of 
the year bring their changes and must h* followed, 
and manv a home is impoverished and manv a crime 
committed because men and women must change the 
sfvle as often as the Paris, London. New York and 
Chicago dressmakers determine to line their pockets 
with the ready cash of those who are bound hand and 
foot by custom and fashion, and are not able, unaided, 
to break the yoke. 

An editorial in a recent number of Hamper's Week- 
ly, referring to the changing styles and the rush even 
in the smaller towns to adopt them says: 

" Formerly the garment industry could he regular, be- 
cause after supplying a certain style to the bier centers 
if could keep on manufacturing it for the smaller places. 
This meant steady employment. Now, that four principal 
changes in style every year, and about twenty-six minor 
changes, on every one of many garments, making a total 
of several thousands, have to be supplied for the whole 
country in hot haste, the old evenness of employment 



26 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 10. 1914. 



seems impossible to maintain. The New York firms do 
all they ran to Ret ideas from Paris far enough ahead to 
yive them comfortable time for meeting the American 
demand, but the secrets are so well kept, or the decisions 
so late, that there is a great rush always for our big 
cities, followed with an equal rush for the small places. 
. . . And this will continue until the average woman 
through the country ceases to compete with the New 
York female plutocrat." 

Now that the secular press is taking a leading part 
in condemning the excesses of fashions, when State 
Legislatures and city councils are discussing the pro- 
priety of passing laws and ordinances against im- 
modest dressing, is it not time for Christians every- 
where to wake to the importance of this question? 
And is it not specially fitting that the .Church of the 
Brethren, that for centuries has stood against fash- 
ion's follies, should lake the initiative in this great 
and much-needed reform ? l). L. M. 



Our Visit to the Foreign Mission Fields. 

No. 6. — Trip to Tai Ku — The Congregational Mission. 
The trip from Liao Chou, the lower station of the 
Brethren Mission, to Tai Ku, made by Brethren Roy- 
cr, Bright, Brubaker and myself, was without spe- 
cial interest, except the labor and endurance neces- 
sary. It is a three days' trip, and is possible only by 
donkeys. This is very different from the pleasant 
and quick trips at home. Even the hardest moun- 
tain trips at home are not to be compared with these 
trips. Not at all. 

And the Chinese inn is a proposition hard to en- 
dure. Two nights were spent in these inns on this 
trip. But there is no choice in the matter, if shelter 
is desired. It is the only thing, — this or nothing. It 
is a little burdensome to carry one's own bedding and 
meals, but this is a small matter. In fact, it is to be 
desired. The smoke and gas are the objectionable 
features. You must serve as a sort of chimney to 
carry off these elements from the furnace under the 
kiang on which you sleep, and this furnishes an Amer- 
ican with an experience that he remembers. Gas and 
smoke are a part of the supplies of the hotel, and 
you must have them whether you will or not. It is not 
a part of the order that may be cut out. 

We were reminded by the way, at every turn, that 
we were iti the land of idolatry. Temples, shrines, 
tablets to the memory of the dead, sacred trees. — 
highly decorated, — and such like, were constantly in 
evidence. One neglected temple by the roadside, 
standing alone, impressed me much. There sits a 
large god in the center, not having the look of love 
and compassion, — rather hate and vengeance, — sword 
in hand, which is common, long mustache and goatee; 
a guard at his right, with a long sword, in one hand 
and the other clenched and drawn as if to strike; eyes 
fierce, teeth exposed, and face the expression of 
fun' ; while on the other side is an attendant offering 
the god food. 

Such is a common scene in this country. It shows 
the idea these poor, benighted people have of God. It 
is the saddest picture I have ever looked upon. It is 
sickening. It fills my heart with pity. God bring 
the light to these lost people, and save China ! And 
may he move on the Christian people of the home- 
land to surrender themselves into his hands to this 
end ! 

Our party came to Tai Ku to visit the Congrega- 
tional Mission, operated by the American Board. It 
made us two days out of the way, with small addi- 
tional expetise, for a donkey is hired for a little less 
than fifteen cents a day, and the owner takes care of 
him. It costs about two cents a night to sleep in the 
Chinese inn. So you see! 

We were received most cordially. The work- 
in every line was thrown open. We were invited to 
look into it. The mission is thirty years old. It is 
now in charge of Pastor Paul L. Corbin and wife. 
Pastor Wynn C. Fairfield and wife. Teacher Jesse B. 
Wolf and wife, in charge of the boys' school, Dr. 
Willoughby Hemmingway, in charge of the hospital 
work, Dr. Williams, superannuated, Miss Flora Hee- 
bener, in charge of the girls' school, and the. Misses 
Coffman and Connelway, all from the States, and a 



number of native helpers. The mission embraces, be- 
sides the work at Tai Ku, six out-stations, where the 
work is done in good part by native helpers. 

Though the mission is thirty years old, it suffered 
a dreadful scourge during the Boxer trouble. July 31, 
1900, when this trouble was raging, the six workers 
at this station were massacred, killed outright. First 
they were stoned, then stabbed with the sword, and 
finally their heads were cut off. Some of us stood on 
the spot where this atrocious crime was committed. 
To us the ground was made sacred by the blood of 
these martyrs. Seven also were martyred, during 
this trouble, at Fen Chou Fu, the other station of the 
mission at that time, besides a number of the native 
Christians and workers, leaving the mission without 
workers. But it is said, " The blood of the martyrs 
is the seed of the kingdom." So it seems here. 
Growth since has been remarkable. 

At present there is a local membership of natives of 
about two hundred or more. The mission at this 
point has a compound of sixteen acres, just outside 
the wall of the city, which has a population of about 
20,000. Here are three good dwellings for the mis- 
sionaries, with near by quarters for the servants, the 
girls' school, the hpspital and the chapel, all at an ap- 
proximate cost of $20,000. The boys' school, nearly 
two miles out, was given to the mission as a burving- 
ground for the martyrs, where about thirty of them 
are interred. This now covers some nine acres, hav- 
ing on it a good dwelling for Mr. Wolf, the teacher 
in charge of the school, and an excellent outfit of 
school property. It easily is worth $6,000, so that the 
mission at this station represents an investment of 
between $25,000 and $30,000. It seems a marvel to us 
that so much good property can be had for so little 
money. 

There are 112 boys in school at present. Most 
of them are in their teens, while a good many are in. 
their twenties. An academy course is given. There 
are thirty-six in the girls' school. They are younger 
than the boys, and their studies are more elementary. 
The mission places great emphasis on the work of its 
schools. In this, it is thought, lies the future hope 
of the cause. 

The hospital is. also doing a great service. It is a 
most valuable adjunct to the main work. Dr. Hem- 
mingway. in charge of this, is happily suited to it. 
The new buildings are now well under way, and will 
cost about $8,000 when finished and equipped. Then 
the facilities will be greatly improved. 

It would be interesting to follow the different lines 
of endeavor of the mission, and to speak at some 
length of the fine Christian spirit of those in charge, 
but space forbids. It would be difficult to fall into 
the hands of strangers, if strangers they may be called, 
who give more courteous consideration to visitors. 
This is certain, and I shall always hold in high es- 
teem these of the Tai Ku Mission. 

The interest in the visit lies, for the most part, in 
the fact that the Brethren Chinese Mission has about 
the same conditions to deal with as exist here, and the 
methods of the work are practically the same, only 
the Brethren Mission is younger and not as well 
equipped. A look at the Tai Ku Mission shows the 
needs at Ping Ting Chou and Liao Chou. Workers 
need to be multiplied at each place, and equipment in 
all lines is required. Those at these two stations are 
handicapped for want of equipment. Especially is 
the need great in the line of the school and medical 
branches. And the figures above give an idea as to 
the cost of fitting up a station in a small way. My 
prayer is, that God will open the hearts of the dear 
brethren and sisters of means that the work can be put 
in position to go forward. The means as well as the 
workers are on the home field, and if the home 
churches will live up to their opportunities and re- 
sponsibilities, the work can go forward. But only so. 
It had been our plan to leave the mission this morn- 
ing for Ping Ting Chou, but the city authorities have 
arranged a public reception for our party this after- 
noon at 2 o'clock, and so we are remaining over, ex- 
pecting to travel a good part of the night to cover 
the trip that was planned for the day. This reception 
will mean a good deal for those of our party who 



remain on the field. It was thought, therefore, that 
it could not be declined, even if it does keep us on 
the road the greater part of the night. It shows the 
spirit of the city toward Christian missions. 

— — _— . -—^- = H. C. £. 

Accessions for 1913. 

While increased figures, in and of themselves, are 
not always indicative of church prosperity in its lar- 
gest and best sense, it is gratifying, nevertheless, to 
learn that the Church of the Brethren has, during last 
year, made a gain in membership over the figures of 
the previous year. As in other years, Bro. Edgar M. 
Hoffer, of Elizabethtown, Pa., has kindly tabulated 
the number of accessions, as given week after week 
in the Messenger, and we here give his figures : 

Month. Baptized. 

January 676 

February 647 

March, 708 



April 299 

May, 416 

June 374 

July. 338 

August 531 

September 383 



Month. Baptized. 

October, 660 

November, 633 

December 835 



Total 6,500 

Reclaimed during the 
year 380 

Total baptized and re- 
claimed 6,880 



While these figures, as compared with the 6,415 
accessions by baptism during 1912, show but an in- 
crease of 85 over the number reported then, it should 
be remembered that in the case of many churches the 
showing is not even as favorable, considering the 
relative number of members, and figuring the per- 
centage of increase accordingly. - Then, too, not all 
baptisms and restorations are reported through the 
Messenger. Were they given with absolute accuracy, 
likely the total number baptized and restored would 
reach at least 7,000. Making allowance for the loss by 
death, which according to Bro. E". L. Craik's report, 
given elsewhere, was 1,009, we have 5,871 as the net 
gain in membership. From these figures there would 
have to be a slight deduction for expulsions, but even 
then the figures present a most hopeful showing. 



The Toll of Death During 1913. 

While not, perhaps, the names of all our dead are 
published in the Messenger obituary columns, it is 
of interest, nevertheless, to note the various items of 
the record thus afforded. Bro. E. L. Craik, of Mc- 
Pherson, Kansas, has taken pains to furnish a com- 
pilation as nearly correct as it is possible to make it, 
which we are here giving in full : 

Months Brethren sisters Total 

January 39 55 94 

February 45 50 95 

March 53 61 114 

April 30 52 82 

May 43 61 104 

I"ne 34 49 83 

July 47 51 98 

August 22 S3 75 

September, 21 44 65 

October 31 25 56 

November 36 42 78 

December 27 38 65 

Grand total, 428 581 1,009 . 



On Higher Ground in 1914. 

With all the derision, usually directed against 
New Year resolutions,— as commonly made and too 
readily broken,— there is, after all, abundant reason 
why, with the dawn of a new year, we should try 
to gain higher ground and seek to hold it. One of 
our consecrated brethren suggests a pledge after this 
pattern : "(1)1 will each evening thank God for 
his care and his abounding blessings. (2) I will pray 
for the church and her great work of saving souls. 
(3) I will, by my prayers and best efforts, sustain 
the Sunday-school work in its various activities. (4) 
I will pray for world-wide missions, and support 
them as the Lord has prospered. (5) I will pray for 
universal peace, and promote it in every way pos- 
sible. (6) I will endeavor to enhance, by every means 
at my command, the spirit of loving-kindness that 
makes all mankind component parts of one common 
family, solicitous of each other's welfare." 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 10, 1914. 



27 



MISSIONARY DEPARTMENT 



GENERAL MISSION BOARD OF THE CBOJRCH 
OF THE BRETHREN. 

D. !■■ Miller, Chairman Mt, Morris. 111. 

H. C. Early, Vice-Chairman Penn Laird, Va. 

Galen B. Boyer, Sec. and Treas Elgin. 111. 

Clias. D. Bonsach:, Union Bridge, Md. 

J. J. Yoder McPherson, Kansas. 

Otno Winger, North Manchester, Ind. 

Address, 
General Mission Board, Elgin, 111. 



RAILROAD NOTICE FOR CONFERENCE. 

In behalf of the work of the Annual Meeting- Trans- 
portation Committee, in arranging for going to the An- 
nual Meeting, to be held at Seattle, Wash., next June, I 
will state, that we have been negotiating with the repre- 
sentatives of the various Passenger Associations, on the 
matter of the fare for the round trip, to Seattle, Wash., 
from all points in the several territories. 

This, on account of so many different parties to con- 
sult, and negotiate with, requires much time, in order 
that everything may be fully understood. 

There has been filed, for months, an application for a 
fare of about the same as that which wc had when the 
Annual Meeting was held at Los Angeles in 1907. The 
first reply to tins application was the offer of a tentative 
fare on the basis of about $72.50 for the round trip from 
Chicago, which is considerably more than the 1907 rate. 

After a consideration of this I urged that a fare be 
granted us on the basis of about $60 from Chicago for 
the round trip. To this I am expecting an answer early 
in the new year. Until I receive a reply, no definite 
fare can be announced. However, some of the railroad 
officials interested have written me that they favor grant- 
ing the fare I applied for. As soon, as notice is received, 
same will be published. P. S. Miller, Chairman. 

Roanoke, Va., Dec. 27. 



KANSAS CITY, KANSAS. 

The Mission Board met with us, recently, and planned 
the work for next year. In the evening we had them with 
us in council, which was a very pleasant meeting. The 
undersigned was chosen to continue his pastoral work, and 
to be in charge as their elder. Sister Helen Barker and 
Sister Crist were placed in charge of the Swnday-school. 
Sisters Barker, Utter and Crist were elected officers of 
the Christian Workers' Meeting. Bro. Asa Burket was 
elected church treasurer; Bro. Roy Crist, church clerk; 
the writer, correspondent. At the close of the meeting 
the newly-elected officers took the front seat, and our 
brethren conducted a consecration service. By the help f 
the Lord we hope to do more and better work for him. 

All parts of our church work are in good condition. We 
have received considerable clothing, which is much needed 
(and more will be needed all winter), on account of the 
distress caused by the widespread drouth. Many who 
failed came to the city and are now in great need. In one 
home I asked a little boy what he wanted for Christmas. 
He said, " Two pair of overalls, so I can put on a clean 
pair while my mother washes the dirty ones." One little 
boy wanted shoes, so he might go to school. A little girl 
said she would rather have shoes than anything else, so 
she could go to Sunday-school. Another girl wanted three 
and one-half yards of calico to make a dress. I am sure 
that in one day I could find fifty children who have no 
shoes. We will take cheer into many homes with Christ- 
mas baskets, containing a chicken, bread, pie, butter, jelly, 
cookies and pickles. We thank the churches who sent us 
the chickens. I. H. Crist. ' 

16 North Ferree Street, Kansas City, Kans., Dec. 23. 



MOUNTAIN VIEW, ARIZONA. 

About one year ago our Mission Board of Southern 
California and Arizona sent Bro. L. S. Yoder to us, as our 
pastor for the year. To supply the needs at this place was 
a problem. To start with, wc had a small, very undesirable 
old building in which to hold services and Sunday-school. 
When the house was sold, — it being only a temporary 
building, — we were not able to hold regular services. For 
a few months Bro. Yoder, with a few of the members-at- 
tended an adjoining Sunday-school, in charge of the Chris- 
tian church. He preached for them twice a month, and 
also held several meetings about twenty miles west, in 
the Stronghold schoolhouse, near which we have a few 
members. Later (in time for the fall term of school) our 
new cement school building was erected, but this is so far 
to one side of the church-going community that only a 
few came out to our services. 

We finally reorganized our Sunday-school and young 
people's meetings, and also organized a singing class, 
with Mr. Clark Butler as our leader. We are now going 
forward with greater zeal. Dec. 9 Eld. George Bashor 
came to us from Los Angeles, Cal. Bro. Wm. Stutsman, 
of Elgin, Ariz., came a few days previous. House-to-house 
visits were made, — among outsiders as well as among the 
members. Nearly every family within reach was visited. 

Dec. 11, at 2 P. M., we met in council with Eld. Stutsman 



as chairman, and Bro. Mont Boots as clerk pro tern. Offi- 
cers for the ensuing year were chosen as follows: Eld. Wm. 
Stutsman, presiding elder; Bro. Raphael D. Shearer, clerk; 
Bro. Mont Boots, treasurer; the writer, correspondent and 
Messenger agent. We have $50 in the treasury towards 
the building of our new clnirchhousc, of which we arc 
much in need. 

On the evening of Dec. 11 Bro Bashor preached for us, 
and also on the next evening. The people began to get 
interested, and before Sunday night our large house was 
not able to scat all the people. Spring scats from wagons 
were brought in and temporary benches erected, Many 
of, those in attendance stood up during the entire service, 
which continued until almost 11:30 P. M. The subject dis- 
cussed and illustrated was " The Prayer Veil." Many ques- 
tions were asked and readily answered. Our doctrine is 
new to many people here, but if Bro. Bashor could be with 
us for a few weeks, many might be made to see the truth. 
Some are under conviction. May they get the true light 1 

Pcarce, Ariz., Dec. 22. Mrs. O. S. Pratt. 



Notes from Our Correspondents. 

The Following Notes, Crowded Out of Last Issue, Are 
Given Space on This Page. 

ARIZONA. 
Glen dale — Our three weeks' series of meetings, conducted 
by Eld. George Bashor, of Los Angeles, Cal., closed Dee, 7. 
Four were received Into the church by baptism, and four 
were reclaimed. Our love feast was held Nov. 29, Slxty-nlnn 
members communed. This was the liirgeMi attendance and 
best represented feast ever held In Arizona, At our council, 
prior to our love feast, Nov. 27, three were received by letter. 
Within the past two years our membership has Increased 
from twenty-live to eighty-three, We decided to retain Bro. 
F. F. Durr for another year ns our pastor. — Salome .1, Wood- 
ward, Glendale, Ariz., Dee. 24. 

CALIFORNIA, 
live Oate church - met In council, with Eld, W. R. BrubaUer 
as moderator. The boundary line between iih and the n.wlv 
organized Rio Linda church was established. The District 
Meeting Committee made a report, which showed a balance 
of $9.20. Arrangements were made for the organization of 
a teacher-trnlnlng class. Tho election of officers for the fol- 
lowing year is as follows: Bro. C. W, Davis, elder: Bio. I. L, 

Hylton. treasurer; Bro. J. O. Hartman. trustee for three y ■*; 

Bro, J. O. Hartman. Sunday-school superintendent: Slstar 
Sarah Davis, secretary-treasurer; Bro. W. R, Brubaltor, presi- 
dent of the Christian Workers' Meeting. Teachers Of classes 
were also elected. — A. Crltes, R. D. 1, Live Oak. Cal., Dec. 20. 

FLORIDA. 

Parrish. — With my family, I moved to this place In Novem- 
ber, 1912, and during the past year It has been our privilege 
to attend only one religious service of our own faith. Our chil- 
dren have been regular attendants at church and Sunday- 
school of other denominations, imagine our joy, when, on 
Dec. 21, Brother and Sister H. S. Snnon nnd grandson. Brother 
and Sister H. R. Bender, of East Petersburg, Pa., came to us, 
to spend the day In social and religious Intercourse. Bro. 
Sonon. being a minister, gave us some good exhortations, and 
all present united their hearts in worship. We were much 
encouraged by this visit. These dear members arc spending 
the winter at Manatee, eleven miles From here. Learning of 
our residence here, they came to visit ub. Brethren, while 
spending the winter in Florida, can do much good by visiting 
the isolated members, who are scattered throughout the 
State, only a few at a place.— W. H. Falrburn. R. D. 2, Pal- 
metto. Fla. 

IDAHO.. 

Grand Kaplds. — In mv hist report ' should have said that, 
in the absence of our elder, Bro. J. Edson Ulery, our pastor, 
Bro. C. Walter Warstler, presided. At the close of the regular 
business Bro. S. M. Smith Installed Brethren Reeder and 
Overholt. with their wives, into the deacon's office. — Carrie 
Elliott. 72 St. John Street, Grand Rapids, Mich.. Dec. 26, 

Payette Valley. — We rejoiced today to see five of our Sun- 
day-school girls come forward for baptism. Two have re- 
turned to the fold since my last report. — Mrs. Marvel Bowers, 
Frultland, Idaho, Dec. 21. 

ILLINOIS. 

Champaign. — Since our last report, our new building has 
almost been completed, which gave the Sunday-school an 
opportunity to hold Christmas exercises. A good program 
was rendered. After the program, candy, oranges and nuts 
were distributed. At our regular services, four made the 
good confession. One jjas been baptized, and three await the 
rite. Others are near the kingdom.— C, A, Lewis. GOG East 
Vine Street, Champaign, 111., Dec. 25. 

INDIANA. 

Bethany (Solomon's Creek House).— For one week, begin- 
ning Dec. 15, we had Bro. W. R. Miller with us, giving his six 

illustrated talks on the Bible Lands and other foreign 01 - 

tries. We greatly appreciated the privilege of bearing him. 
His clear descriptions of his views of Bible places give a 
new Interest to the study of the Word. All seemed thoroughly 
to enjoy the meetings. We had a full house. On Sunday 
morning. Dec. 21, he preached an excellent sermon on "The 
Overcoming Life." On Sunday evening he gave us an account 
of the capture of his party by the Arabs. May God richly 
bless our dear brother as he goes on in humble -service for 
him. Yesterday we reorganl/.ed our Sunday-school with Bro. 
Wm. Shellne, superintendent. Bro. Walter Gibson, of the 
Rock Run chureh, preached a good Christmas sermon for us 
last night. — Nettle C, Weybrlght. Syracuse, Ind., Dec. 29. 

Elknart Valley church met in council Dec. 27. Our elder, 
Frank Kreidcr, presided. Eld. I. S. Burns was also with us. 
Bro. Kreider was reelected as elder. We reorganized our 
Christian Workers' Society with Bro. Sam Garber as president 
and Sister Grace Stutsman as secretary. We are also plan- 
ning to start a Sisters' Aid Society —Florence Kulp, R. D. 3, 
Goshen, Ind.. Dec. 29. 

Port Wayne. — Our Sunday-school enjoyed a very Interesting 
Christmas program on Sunday evening. Dee. 21. All enjoyed 
the service of the evening. After the program was concluded, 
a nice trea> of candy ami oranges was distributed. All are 
Interested In the welfare and building up of our school, and 
the Lord's work In general. Our business meeting convenes 
Dec 29, at 8 P- M. at which time we shall reorganize our 
Sunday-school. Officers wilt be elected for one year.— J. 
Ahner, 2346 Anthony Boulevard, Fort Wayne. Ind.. Dec. 23. 

North liberty.— Bro. Isaac Beery, of Napervllle. Ill-, Just 
closed a three weeks' series of meetings at the town church- 
He delivered twenty-six splendid sermons. Sister Almeda 
Miller led the song service. The attendance and interest 
were good throughout. A part of the time the house was not 
large enough to accommodate all the p*»ple. Six were bap- 



tized, one awaits the rite, and two were reclaimed. One 
among those baptized was a mother past seventy years of age. 
The members feel much encouraged to press forward In the 
good work. At our Thanksgiving Meeting an offering of $7.35 
was taken for World-wide Missions. — Dortha D. Foote. North 
Liberty. Ind., Dec, 24. 

White church held a council Dec, 13. Our officers and teach- 
ers were elected for the ensuing year. Bro. Ernest Boohults 
was elected superintendent, and Brother Wesley Stuckey. 
secretary-treasurer. Eld. D. C. Campbell president.— Lellah 
Wall. Clarkshlll. Ind., Dec 27. 

KANSAS. 

Ottawa. — Since our last report Bro. J, W. Lear and wife, of 
Deeatur. Ill,, made a short visit with relatives here. Bro. 
Lear gave us an excellent sermon while at this place. Bro. 
E. H, Eby, our returned missionary from India, came Dec. 
22 and gave us four talks on the customs and needs of the 
India people. It was the first opportunity for our congrega- 
tion to hear a real missionary, and all are very grateful for 
this experience. His talks were not only Interesting and In- 
structive, but convicting. We held our council Dec. 12. Eld. 
G, M. Throne was reelected elder lr, charge; Bro. Fred An- 
derson, treasurer: Sister Olive M. Wheeler, clerk and corres- 
pondent; Sister Martha Puterbaugh. solicitor; Sister Grace 
Eslielman, chorister. Bro. Frank Esheiman was reelected 
superintendent of the Sunday-school,' and Bro. Clarence Ott 
secretary. Bro. H. B, Wheeler was elected president of the 
Christian Workers' Meeting, and Sister Mary McClain secre- 
tary, Brethren W. B, DeS-Ilblss and J. S. Carney compose 
our Temperance Committeo, Our Sunday-school gave an in- 
teresting program 'at the church on Christmas Eve. — Olive 
M. Wheeler, 722 Olive Street. Ottawa. Kans., Dec. 26. 

Wade Branch church was made to rejoice Dec. 11 when two 
precious souls came forward for baptism. — Ada Lauver, Paola, 
Kans., Dec. 24. 

NEBRASKA. 

Silver Lake.— W- met In council Dec. 13. Arrangements 
were made In raise funds Tor rebuilding the Omaha Mission 
buildings, which were destroyed by the cyclone. Four letters 
of membership were granted. We elected a Christian Work- 
ers 1 Committee, A trustee was also elected. — Rose Belle 
Gru,bll1. R, D. 2, Box 21. Rosoland, Nebr., Dec. 20. 

OHIO. 

Canton church met In council Dec. 20. Eld. Samuel Sprankel 
presided. The attendnnce was good, and an excellent spirit 
prevailed. This was the time to elect officers and appoint 
committees fur another year. Bro. Frank Burkhart and Bro. 
Otis Bowman were chosen Sunday-school superintendents; 
Bro. Milton Taylor, president of the Christian Workers' Meet- 
ing; Sister Rachel Mohn. President of the Sisters' Aid Society. 
and also Messenger correspondent for 1911. Three, letters of 
membership were granted and one inemher was reclaimed. — 
A, H, Miller, R. D, 3, Louisville. Ohio, Dec. 23. 

Lima.— Nov. 18 Bro. A. S. Workman, of North Manchester. 
Ind., begun evangelistic services in our church- The meetings 
continued four weeks with unusual Interest. Many began 
to search the Scriptures, as they studied his doctrinal chart. 
We hope lie may be able ,to assist other city churches where 
doctrinal teaching Is needed. Four were Immersed, one sister 
Is to be reclaimed, nnd one awaits Hie rite of baptism. Bro. 
Workman's stay among us was quite a spiritual uplift, and 
the result of his work can not be measured by accessions. 
On Christinas evening a program was rendered by the Sun- 
day-school. The attendance has been very good this last 
quarter. Our members met In council on Friday evening. 
Chureh and Sunday-school, officers were elected, Bro. G. A. 
Snyder was chosen as our elder fo-- the coming year. A com- 
mittee was appointed to secure an evangelist, and also to 
arrange for a pastor for another year. — Mth, S. P. Early, 746 
Wist High Street, Lima. Ohio. Dee. 27. 

Middle Distrlot church met in council Dee. 11. Our elder 
not being present, Eld. D. H. Keller, of West Dayton, presided. 
Three letters were granted. Bro. J. P. Miller was chosen 
church clerk; Bro. S. A, Blessing, elder for one year; Bro. 
Joseph Stark, correspondent; Bro. C. V. Coppock, Sunday- 
school superintendent; Bro. William Karns, church treasurer; 
Bro. Chas, Roberts, trustee. Our series of meetings began 
Dec. C and continued until Dec. 21. Bro. D. H. Keller con- 
ducted the services.— C. V. Coppoek, R. D. 3, Tippecanoe City. 
Ohio, Dec. 25. 

Oakland. — Our series of meetings, which began Dec. 1. con- 
ducted by Bro. S. A. Blessing, closed on Sunday evening. Dec. 
2 1. He preached twenty-three Inspiring sermons, during 
which time one came out on the Lord's side. The attendance 
wh.s excellent, and our members were richly fed. — S. A, Over- 
holser, Uradford, Ohio, Dec. 21. 

Sugar Creek.— Our series of meetings closed on Tuesday. 
Dec, 23. Bro. Berkebile did a good work among us. The 
Spirit was manifestly present, both In the conversion of sin- 
ners and the building up of those already In the church. Four- 
teen were added to the church since our last report, making 
thirty-three In all during the time Bro. Berkebile labored 
among us. Three of these were reclaimed. Services were 
held ;it both ohurohhouses on Christmas. At the Pleasant 
View house a collection of (13.30 was taken for the Messen- 
ger Poor Fund. Part of this amount will be used in sending 
the Messenger to several of our new members, and the re- 
mainder will be forwarded to headquarters for the general 
fund. — Blanche Byerly, Lima, Ohio, Dec. 25. 
OKLAHOMA. 

Mount Hope church met in council Dee. 12. Bro. Joslah 
Lehman was with US, Three letters were granted. Bro. Peter 
Meoka was chosen clerk; the writer, church correspondent and 
Messenger agent. Bro. J. D. Howell and family expect to 
leave us. Then we will he without a preacher. We would 
be very glad If any ministers, passing tills way. would give 
us a few words of encouragement.— R. H, Stuart, R. D. 4. 
Crescent. Okla.. Dec. 28. 

New Oak Grove.— Bro. Miller, of Independence, held a two 
weeks' series of meetings for us. We had good results. Six 
were baptized and two await the sacred rite. On Saturday 
the chureh met In council. Bro. Button presided. Officers for 
the following vear were elected. Bro. Button was chosen as 
.,iii elder for the following year. Other officers remain the 
same as before. Bro. W. F. Foster and Bro. O. E. Losbbaugh 
ivere ;i<lvanced to the second degree of the ministry. We held 
our love feast on Saturday night. Twenty members sur- 
rounded the Lord's table. Bro. Miller and Bro. Button offici- 
ated. We had a spiritual meeting— Iva Foster, Hollow, Okla.. 
Dec. 25. 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

Caiques.— Bro. A. M. Kuhns. of Union Deposit. Pa,, com- 
menced a series of meetings in the Mount Hope house Dee. 
7 which continued until Dec. 18. Then he had to -close the 
meetings on account of hla health. Bro. George Weaver, of 
Manhelm, Pa., then gave us three meetings. Six stood up 
for Christ, and we hope many more will decide to do so.— 
Henry S. Zug. R. D, 1. Mount Hope. Pa., Dec. 24. 

ITew Enterprise.— Bro. C. A. McDowell has Just closed a 
verv Interesting series of sermons. Three came out on the 
Lord's side. At the close of the meeting the church met in 
council. The election of Sunday-school officers resulted as 
follows: Superintendent, W. H. Mentzer; secretary Grace 
Werking; treasurer, J. S. Detwller. We are expecting; Hro 
T T. Myere, of Juniata College, and Bro. A. R. ^ lit, or 
AHoona, to hold a Sunday-school Institute, beginning Jan. l, 
and continuing two days — Margaret Replo«l», Wow Bnttr- 
prlBfl, Pa., Dec. 26, * 



28 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 10, 1914. 



Notes From Our Correspondents 



As cold water to a thirsty soul, bo is good news from a far country 

ARIZONA. 
Phconlx Mission.— Bldt r O. H. Bushor, or Los Angeles, 
closed h ten days' eerles of meetings With us on the evening 
of DGC BB. He preached the Word With power. The Christ- 
um* exercises of our Sunday-school were held Oil Sunday 
morning the 28th. We had a very nice program for our 
small BOhooly— forty-three being present, There were nfnety- 
clghl present a1 the speoJal aorvlce In the evening.— LirlS 0. 
Guthrie, 926 Grunrl Avenue. Phmnlx. Ariz., Dec. 29. 

CALIFORNIA. 

Beedley Church met In council Dec. 13. Our elder, Bro. J, 
.1. Browor, officiated. Two loiters of membership were ac- 
cepted. Church officers were elected for another year, with 
Bro. J. J. Brower as elder In charge. Brother and Sister Fink. 
Bro. Harry Rupert, and Bro. Keller were appointed as mission- 
ary solicitors. Bro. "P. H. Smith was chosen clerk; Bro. Mor- 
ris Keller, treasurer; Bro. Harry Rupert, trustee; Bro. Bru- 
baker, chorister; Sister Furnas, Messenger correspondent; Sister 
Mlnnlch, Messenger agent. Sister Choat was elected for three 
years on the Chinese Mission Committee. — Mrs. H, Furnas, 
Hoedley, Cal.. Dec, 27. 

South LOi Angeles.— On Friday evening, Dec 12, we met 
In council. Officers for the coming year were elected as fol- 
lows- Elder and pastor, Bro. W. H. Wertenbaker; clerk, Bro. 
A .1. Trostle; treasurer, Bro. J. D. Buckwalter. Bro. J, W, 
Clino was elected Sunday-school superintendent, and Bro. 
Arthur Cropper, secretary. Sister Wertenbaker Is our very 
able superintendent of the primary department. Sister J. D. 
Buckwalter was chosen superintendent of the home depart- 
ment; Bm. Merrill Q, Calvert, superintendent of the Christian 
Workers' Meeting; the writer, church correspondent. Sisters 
Wertenbaker and Swank were chosen choristers for all of 
OUT church services. Temperance and Missionary Committees 
were appointed by the elder. Brethren N. J. Brubaker and 
J. VV. Cllne were elected as a permanent committee to arrange 
for our evangelistic meetings during the ^ year. We iflso 
granted our pastor the privilege of holding revivals outside 
of his own congregation. The Sunday-school has made an 
excellent record this winter in attendance, Our primary 
Classes are very much crowded for room, and we are arrang- 
ing to remodel their department in the near future. On Sun- 
day evening, Dec. 21, we gave our Christmas program <>f 
thirty numbers. There were 12r. children In the primary. 
Junior and intermediate departments that took part. The 
attendance was 376. and an dTferlng of $20 was given to assist 
In 1'iirlng for poor families. There were numerous donations 
of food, clothing, etc. The program was rendered oxceptlon- 
„Hv well.— largely due to the faithful work of our pastor's 
wife.— Tjena 1. Swank. 1140 East Forty-seventh Street, Los 
Angeles, Cal., Dec. 24, 

COLORADO. 
Good Hope.— We met In council Dec. 26. Bro. D. B. Miller 
officiated. Bro. David G. Wine was chosen older for one year. 
Minor church officers were also elected. A committee was 
appointed to make necessary arrangements, by which the 
.lunch may petition the Nebraska State District for the an- 
liexatlon of oar church territory to the Nebraska State Dis- 
trict, on account of the distance and inconvenience of travel 
lo reach points In our own District I Northwestern Kansas and 
Northeastern Colorado). — Grace Hiilse, Ilaxlum. Colo., Dec. 26. 

IDAHO. 

Bowmont— Our little church has great reasons to rejoice. 
Bro. J. L. Thomas, of Michigan, preached ten good sermons 
for us. On account of inclement weather our audiences were 
small, but the Interest was good. The members feel much 
built up spiritually. Three Sunday-school scholars accepted 
Christ. Bro. Thomas is looking for a location in the West, 
and talks very favorably of locating with us. Our country is 
new and land is comparatively cheap. Any one deBlrlng 
further Information should address the undersigned. — E. M. 
Wine, Bowmont, Idaho. Dec. 25. 

Madden View.— On Christmas our Sunday-school and day 
school united In giving a special Christmas program, oonsist- 
ing of songs, dialogues, recitations and other exercises. A 
nice treat of nuts, candies and oranges was then distributed 
lo all present. Our congregation >lnet In council Dec. 27. Our 
older being absent. Bro. C. A. Williams presided. A deacon 
and wife were received by letter. Church officers were elected, 
With Bro. S. L. Gross as clerk; Bro. J. W. Bllckenstaff, secre- 
tary; Bro. C. A. Williams, chorister; the writer, correspondent 
and Messenger agent. Sunday-school officers were also elect- 
ed, with Bro. S. L. Gross as superintendent, and Sister Ruth 
Williams as secretary- treasurer. The election of an elder 
was deferred until next council. We are all looking forward 
to the time when Bro. Thomas, of Michigan, will be located 
among us, so we can have regular preaching services. We 
have not hod regular services for a long time, on account of 
Bro. Williams' poor health. — Lanna R. Gross, R. D. 1, Box 
44, Kuna. Idaho, Dec. 27. 

Nampa church met in council Dec 26. Eld. L. K. Keltner 
was chosen as our elder in charge for the coming year; Bro. 
A. E, Riddlebarger, clerk; Bro. D. D. Bllckenstaff, treasurer; 
Bro. C. V. Whallon, reelected Sunday-scliool superintendent.. 
With Sister Hazel Harrison as secretory. Bro. C. A. Walt man 
Is president of our Christian Workers' Meeting. Two letters 
of membership were granted. — Amanda Garber, Nampa, Idaho, 
Deo. 30. 

Weiier church began a series of revival meetings Dec. 2S. 
Bro. Fred A. Flora, of Twin Falls, Idaho, lias charge. While 
the meetings have only begun, yet the prospects seem good 
for an Interesting revival. — I,. 13. Keltner. Weiser, Idaho, Dec. 
29, 

ILLINOIS. 

Decatur. — Dec. 18 we held our council. Bro. J. W. Lear, our 
elder, presided. Eld. D. J. Bllckenstaff assisted at this meet- 
ing, Bro. Lear was retained us our pastor for another year, 
by the unanimous voice of the church, with the privilege of 
spending three months In Bethany Bible School during the 
year. He was also chosen as elder of our church. The Sun- 
day-school was reorganized with a full corps of officers. Sis- 
ter Lear is our superintendent. We have a live Sunday-school. 
The Christian Workers were reorganized by selecting Sister 
Alice Huffaker as president, and Sister Iva Heckman as sec- 
retary, A Temperance and a Missionary Committee were 
also appointed. The writer was chosen corresponding secre- 
tary. Since our last report three have been received bv bap- 
tism.— D. W. Crlpe. 417 Stewart Avenue, Decatur, 111.. Dec. 
27. 

Dixon church met In council Dec. 26. Eld. O. F. Shaw pre- 
sided. Four letters have been granted since our last report. 
The report of the annual visit was very favorable. Eld. O. 
F. Shaw will continue as our elder for 1914. Sister Nora 
Klndlg was chosen secretary of the Christian Workers' Meet- 
ing We held our semiannual love feast Dec. 7, with a fair 
attendance. At the same time our series of meetings, which 
was conducted by Bro. W. E. West and Sister Lulu Fike. of 
Iowa, began and continued until Dec. 21. We had a very good 
attendance throughout the meetings, and splendid Interest, 
was manifested. Two accepted Christ In baptism on Christ- 
mas Eve. We were all greatly helped spiritually. — Mrs. 
Emma Boyd, Dixon, 111.. Dec. ■'-'■<■ 



Mulberry Grove. — Bro. David E. Sower, of Manistee. Mich., 
has been engaged to conduct revival services at our town 
house, to begin the latter part of March. — (Mrs.l Edna G. 
Stauffer. Mulberry Grove, 111.. Jap. 1. 

Pine Creek church met in council Dec." 18. At this meet- 
ing we elected our Sunday-school officers for the coming year. 
Bro. Price Heckman was chosen again as superintendent. 
We also reelected Bro. C. C. Price as our elder for another 
year. Most of the members having with them their dinner, 
remained for the afternoon, to clean the churchhouse. We do 
not look upon this as a task, but as a pleasant social time. 
Dec 21, at the preaching hour, the children gave us a splen- 
did Christmas program. We believe that Pine Creek has 
much to look to in the future. Early in the fall, when Bro. 
Zimmerman conducted a revival for us, two were baptized. 
Two weeks later, on the Sunday following our love feast. Bro. 
S, S. Plum, of the West Branch church, preached an Interesting 
sermon, at the close of which one dear brother came to Christ. 
The next Sunday two more brethren came out on the Lora's 
side, and three were baptized that afternoon. It was a great 
time of rejoicing. Our church seems to be in a prosperous 
condition.— Bertha M. Stauffer, Polo. 111., Dec. 27. 

INDIANA. 

Anderson church met in council Nov. 22. Our elder, Bro. 
D. W. Bowman, presided. Officers for our Sunday-school for 
1914 were chosen, Bro. Clarence Hoover was reelected super- 
intendent. Dec. 21 our Sunday-school and Christian Workers 
rendered a special Christmas program in the evening, during 
the hour of the Christian Workers' Meeting. All present en- 
joyed it.— Curtis Hilbert, 3314 Cols. Ave., Anderson. lnd„ Dec. 
28. 

Nappanee church convened In council Dec 18. Our elder, 
Bro. Metzler, presided. Two were received by letter. Bro. 
Metzler was reelected as our elder in charge for another year. 
We also elected officers for our Sunday-school, with Sister 
Amanda Blosser as superintendent, and Bro. John Metzler as 
secretary. Officers for Christian Workers' Meeting were 
chosen, with Bro. Ivan Hartsough as president. On Christmas 
evening a program was rendered by the children to a full 
house. Nearly 100 were compelled to stand. All gave the 
very best of attention. — B. J. Miller. Nappanee, Ind., Dec. 27. 

Pine Creek church met In council Dec. 20 at the East house. 
Our elder, Bro. Daniel Wysong, presided. Eld. George Swi- 
hart, of Roann. Ind., and Eld. John Markley. of the Bliss- 
vllle congregation, assisted in the work. Five letters were 
granted. Church and Sunday-school officers were elected for 
the ensuing year. Eld. Daniel Wysong. having had the over- 
sight of our church for four years, handed In his resignation. 
Bro. Lafayette Steele was elected as our elder. Bro. Arthur 
Long was reelected clerk; the writer, treasurer, correspondent 
and Messenger agent; Brethren Arthur Long and W. M. Sum- 
mers, superintendents for the Sunday-school; Sister Nora 
Stump, secretary-treasurer. We also elected officers for the 
Christian Workers' Meeting, with Bro. James O. Kesler as 
president. We appointed our love feast for Oct. .11. Our 
next council Mill be March 21 at the West house. 1 — M. K. 
Morris, R. D. 1, Walkerton. Ind.. Dec. 23. 

Bock Bun. — Our series of meetings closed Dec. 14. Bro. 
Walter Gibson, of our congregation, who conducted the meet- 
ings, labored earnestly for the salvation of souls. Three 
were added by baptism. Dec. 20 we met in council, with our 
elder, Bro. J. E. Weaver, presiding. Officers were elected for 
the coming year. Our clerk Is Bro. Anan Ulery; treasurer, 
Bro. FVank Phillips; corresponding secretary. Sister Myrtis 
Weaver: the writer. Messenger agent. Bro. Melvin Swartz 
Is our Sunday-school superintendent, and Bro. George Phillips 
secretary. We decided to start a cradle roll and homo de- 
partment, with Sister Ida Haines as superintendent. SNter 
Myrtis Weaver is president of our Christian Workers' Meet- 
ing, and Sister Gertrude Davenport secretary. — Laverne Day. 
Goshen. Ind.. Dec. 30. 

BosBvllle. — Our church met in council Dec, 27, with Eld. 
David Metzler presiding. Two letters of membership were 
granted. Sunday-school and Christian Worker officers were 
chosen for the ensuing six months. One member was chosen 
on the Finance Committee, and one as a receiver of church 
funds. Eld. Metzler tendered his .resignation as presiding 
officer, and Eld. David Dilling was selected instead. The 
treasurer of the poor fund, the treasurer of the cemetery, and 
the general treasurer made reports, which were acceptei. 
Three members were elected as a Ministerial Committee, to 
work with the home ministry in securi.ig a minister for a 
series of meetings the coming year. The writer was elected 
Messenger correspondent. ^— J. W. Vetter. Rossville, Ind., Dec. 
27. 

Springfield.— Our council passed off pleasantly Dec. 27, 
Our elder, Bro. J. W. Kitson, was present. Sunday-school 
officers were elected for the coming year. Bro. Kitson was 
reelected elder in charge, with Bro. Wm. Hess for the next 
year. The following Sunday we listened to a very interesting 
sermon delivered by Bro. Kitson. After the sermon two sis- 
ters were received into the office of deacon, held by their 
husbands.— Hattie Weaver, Brtmfield. Ind., Dec. 28. 

Pinion. — We recently enjoyed a short series of meetings. 
which began on Christmas night. Our elder, Bro. J. F. Appel- 
man, preached for us until Sunday evening, Dec. 28. These 
services were well attended. Our Sunday-school closed n very 
successful year's work last Sunday. The general average 
attendance for the year was 119. The newly-elected officers 
and teachers were installed into office, and are ready for the 
work of the ensuing year. Fifteen scholars of the school 
were given prizes for regular attendance during the year. — 
A. Laura Appelman, Plymouth. Ind., Dec. 29. 

IOWA. 

Dallas Center. — Bro. C. B. Rowe, who has been in Chicago, 
attending the special term at Bethany Bible School, returned 
home to spend the holidays. During the absence of our home 
minister, Bro. J. E. Moore, of Des Moines, Iowa, he preached 
for us three Sundays, botli morning and evening. Dec. 14 our 
Christian Workers' Society elected officers for 1914. The 
writer was chosen president and Sister Alice Myers, chorister. 
Dec. 21. our Christian Workers' Society rendered a good Christ- 
mas program, in charge of Sister Alice Myers, and on Christ- 
mas Day we had special services. Bro. M. W. Eikenberry 
delivered a very appropriate sermon. — May Runte, Dallas 
Center, Iowa, Dec. 27. 

Des Moines. — A very interesting program was rendered by 
cur Sunday-school pupils at the church on Christmas night. 
On Sunday evening. Dec. 14, Bro. H. O. Berry, of Covington, 
Ohio, preached for us. Rev. Fintel, of the Asbury Methodist 
church, preached for us the following Sunday morning. The 
friends of Sister Lova Brubaker will be pleased to hear that 
she has completely recovered from her recent Illness, and has 
returned to the city to take up her work as city missionary. 
The music for our recent revival services was acceptably 
directed by Bro. Maurice Robinson, of Denver, Colo., who Is 
at present a resident of Des Moines. — (Mrs.) Minnie Wilson, 
4421 Maple Street. Des Moines, Iowa, Dec. 28. ^ 

Muscatine — Last Sunday we were favored with a visit by 
our District Sunday-school Secretary, Sister Marie Jasper. 
She gave us a splendid talk in the forenoon, after the Sun- 
day-school hour. In the evening we held our Christmas pro- 
gram with a full house. The attendance at all our services 
is increasing. — F. E. Miller. 406 Lowe Street. Muscatine, Iowa. 
Dec. 26. 

South Keokuk. — Yesterday, at 10 A. M.. we met in preaching 
services with a good attendance. Our Christmas offering to 
the Ottumwa Mission was $15.86. On Sunday evening. Dec. 
21, the children rendered an e X rellent program to a well-fltled 



house. In my former correspondence I omitted to mention 
our Thanksgiving service at 10 A. M., when a liberal ottering 
was given for World-wide Missions. — D. F. Shelly. Ollie. Iowa, 
Dec. 26. 

KANSAS. 

Altoona. — Our congregation met In council, with Bro. W. 
II, Miller presiding. We selected church officers for the com- 
ing year. Bro. Campbell, of Parsons. Kans,. is our elder in 
charge: Sister Belle Brigner, clerk; Bro. Joel Varner, treas- 
urer; the writer, church correspondent and Messenger agent. 
We also organized our Sunday-school, with Bro. F. H. Boggs 
as superintendent. — F. E. Button. Altoona, Kans.. Dec, 30. 

Bloom Prof. H. J. Harnly, of McPhersnn. Kans.. came to 

us Dec. 26. and remained with us over Sunday. He delivered 
four instructive lectures. With the exception of Friday even- 
ing, these lectures were well attended. We expect Bro. 13. M. 
Studebaker. also of McPherson. to be with us Jan. 17 to Jan. 
20, inclusive, in a series of Bible lessons. — Cassle Martin. 
Bloom, Kans.. Dec. 31. 

Fredonla. — Our series of meetings began Dec. 7 and closed 
Dec. 21. Bro. J. E. Crist, of Grenola. Kans.. did the preaching. 
All felt much encouraged. Five were baptized. We held our 
love feast Dec. 20. We met in council. Bro. A. Wampler was 
reelected elder in charge, and Bro. J. I". Miller was chosen 
as Sunday-school superintendent. — Addle Studebaken. Fre- 
donia, Kans., Dec. 31. 

Independence. — Dec. 23 we enjoyed a special program ren- 
dered by our Sunday-school. A good time was enjoyed by 
all. On Sunday morning, Deo. 28, we enjoyed a splendid ser- 
mon by Bro. Nlninger, of our county high school. In the 
evening a fine program was rendered at our Christian Work- 
ers' Meeting, after which the writer delivered a discourse. 
Following this service, a young sister was baptized. Our 
Bible school is doing well. — W. H. Miller, Independence, Kans., 
Dec. 30. 

Iuka We have just closed a two weeks' series of inspiring 

meetings, conducted by Eld. A. J. Smith, of Conwav Springs. 
Kans. Sister Dora Crfpe, of Enid. Okln.. ably conducted the 
song service. The community* was built up spiritually. This 
would be a good place for a Brethren congregation. We would 
be pleased if ministers, coming this way. would give us some 
meetings. We hold our meetings in the M. E. church building. 
There are only five members of the Brethren church here. — 
Susan Jarboe. Iuka, Kans., Dec. 30. 

MARYLAND. 

Baltlmoro (Wo.odberry). — At our morning service today 
one more precious soul (a husband and father! was baptized. 
Thus the good sood, sown by Brother Conner during our recent 
series of meetings, is bearing fruit. Others, we believe, will 
soon be ready to join with us. The attendance at all of the de- 
votional meetings of the church is on a steady increase, and 
the prospects for 1914 are excellent. In the annual report 
of our Sunday-school, .as given at today's session, we ob- 
serve that, from an enrollment of 190 scholars in the main 
school, the average al tendancefor the year just closed was 
122. Our school has attained the ten points of the Sunda"y- 
scliool standard for 1913, and we enter the new year as a 
front-line Sunday-school. This accomplishment has been due. 
In a large measure, to the efficiency and untiring efforts of 
our superintendent, Bro. John D. Albaugh. — F. D. Anthony, 
1020 Falls Road. Roland Park, Baltimore. Md., Dec 28. 

Denton.— Our series of meetings at this place, conducted by 
Bro. W. K. Conner, of Harrisonburg. Va.. clo-ed on Sunday 
evening, Dec. 7. Twelve were baptized. The members were 
strengthened. On Sunday evening, Dec. 22. a Christmas pro- 
gram was -rendered by the children. Last spring they were 
given five and ten cents each, which they were to invest,— 
the returns to be brought In at the end of the year for mis- 
sionary work. The children's missionary money amounted 
to $41.42. Eld. G. S. Ralrigh closed a series of meetings Dec. 
29 at Rehobotl). Md., one of our mission points. Eleven came 
out on the Lord's side. Ten have-been baptized, and. one is 
awaiting baptism. Our Thanksgiving offering amounted to 
$13.24. — Edna P. Pentz, Denton, Md.. Dec. .10. 

Oakland church met in council Dec. 20. The church having 
been without a resident elder since the death of Eld. W. T. 
Sines, our dear brother, D. B. Arnold, presided. The church 
held an election for a resident elder, the writer being chosen. 
We also called Brethren H, B. Sines and Wm. U. Cross to 
the ministry. We are very glad for this increase to our forces. 
Our Sunday-school was reorganized by electing Bro. L. O. 
Shaffer as superintendent, and Sister .Bertha Beeghly as sec- 
retary. The church selected Brethren L. G. Shaffer. A. L. 
Sines and J. W. King as a committee to select the teachers of 
our Sunday-school, who were then confirmed and Installed. 
Our school unanimously decided to be evergreen this winter, 
for the first time In the history. of this congregation. We 
have a very Interesting teacher-training class of fifteen mem- 
bers, and also have teachers' meetings. The Sunday-school 
is growing In interest and is doing a good work. The Gospel 
Messenger is a regular visitor this year to nearly every home 
among our members, and its weekly visits are very much 
appreciated. Greater activity in church work is sure to fol- 
low a careful and constant reading of the Gospel Messenger.^ 
.James W. Beeghly, Oakland, Md., Deo. 27. 

MICHIGAN. 

Fair View church closed a series of meetings Dec. 23, con- 
ducted by Bro. J. L. Guthrie. He preached twenty inspirirrg 
sermons. One soul gave her heart to Christ. — Eva McKimmy, 
R. D. 4, Box 41. Blissfleld. Mich., Dec. 2S. 

Lake View ehdrch met in council Dec. 6. with Bro. C. W. 
Keith presiding. Bro. Clifton Colclesser was chosen president 
of the Christian Workers' Meeting. Our series of meetings 
commenced on the evening of Dec. 7. with Bro. J. W. Miller 
doing the preaching. One was received into tiie church by 
baptism. The meetings closed on the evening of Dec 21. — 
Ella Keith. Brethren, Mich.. Dec. 22. 

Zion church met In council Dec. 27, with our elder, Bro. 
John P. Bowman, presiding. Sunday r school officers were 
elected for the coming six months, with Bro. Albert Martin- 
dale as superintendent, and Bro. Melvin Martindale as secre- 
tary. Sister Clara Landis was chosen president of the Chris- 
tian Workers' Meeting. The work on the new churchhouse 
is progressing slowly, because the necessary funds for its 
erection have not yet been secured. On Sunday evening, Dec. 
28, our Christmas program was given by the young people, 
instead of having the regular services. Our young people did 
their part well. We also had an address by the pastor on 
" Christ, the Prince of Peace." The schoolhouse. our only 
place of worship, was crowded to its utmost seating capacity. 
Our need of the new churchhouse is being felt more and more, 
each time we meet for worship, but we realize that these con- 
veniences come slow In a new country. Our Thanksgiving 
meeting and our services on Christmas were well attended.— 
Tennie Bowman, Prescott, Mich., Dec. 30. 

MINNESOTA. 

Minneapolis Mis b ion met In council Nov. 21, with our elder, 
Bro. D. W. Shock, in charge. Our Sunday-school officers were 
elected for the coming year, with Sister Bertha Dutcher as 
superintendent, and Sister Ruth Gransalki as secretary. We 
decided to discontinue our Christian Workers' Meetings for 
the present. Our love feast will be held Jan. 4. We also 
granted one letter. Our Sunday-school Christmas program 
was rendered Dec. 21. with a splendid attendance of parents 
and friends. — Myrtle Beach, 3120 Knox Avenue, North, Minne- 
apolis, Minn, Dec. 21. 

MISSOURI. 

Cabool church met in council Dec. 17. Our elder, Bro. C. W. 
Gitt. presided. Officers were chosen for the coming year. Bro. 



TH£ GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 10, 1914. 



29 



_ _ 



c. o. 



elected as treasurer; Sister Florence Oxley. 



reelected clerk; Sister Vlrtle Oxley, Messenger agent. The 
writer was chosen church correspondent for the Cabool house, 
and Bro. Ernest Cline. church correspondent for the Green- 
wood house. — Sylva M. Sage. Cabool. Mo.. Dec. 30. 

Kidder. — Bro. B. E. Kesler, of Plattsburg. Mo., came Dec. 
9 and preached each evening and twice each Sunday until Dec. 
■il our audiences were small but attentive. There were no 
accessions. Bro. Kesler has promised to be with us again 
Jan 25. — Margaret Henrlcks, R. D. 2. Kidder. Mo., Dec. 30. 

Pleasant Viow. — We met In council Dec. 27. with Bio. E. W. 
Mason presiding. Our church officers were elected for the 
following six months. Sister Mattie Lam was elected Sun- 
day-school superintendent, and Sister Dora Moyer. secretary- 
treasurer. Sister Lena Temple was chosen president of our 
Christian Workers' Meeting, and the writer, correspondent. — 
Kathryn Clemens, R. D. 2. Norborne, Mo., Dec. 31. 

Spring' River church met In'councll Dec. 27. In the absence 
of our eider, Bro. Slater presided. Elections were held for 
church and Sunday-school officers. Nearly all the former 
officers were reelected. — Sadie Wine You nee, Verona, Mo.. 
Dec. 29. 

Smith Pork Church met in council Dec. 27. Bro. Kesler pre- 
sided. Twenty-four were present. Sunday-school officers 
were elected for 1914, with Sister Cora Hoover as superintend- 
ent and Sister Margaret Mohler as secretary. — Erma Sell 
Winn, Plattsburg, Mo.. Dec. 28. 

NEBRASKA. 
Beatrice church met In council on Saturday afternoon, Dee. 
21. One query was sent to the District Meeting. Sunday- 
school officers were elected, with Bro. C. S. Eisenbise as su- 
perintendent; Bro. C. H. Price, superintendent of the home 
department, and Sister Lena Dohner as superintendent of the 
cradle roll. Bro. Sollenberger has been our pastor for sev- 
eral years, but at the council stated that lie could remain 
with us only a few months longer. Some one will have to 
take up the work here in the spring. Any one wishing fur- 
ther information concerning the work here, should address 
Bro. C. H. Price, 1223 Jefferson Street, Beatrice, Nebr. — Allie 
Eisenbise, Beatrice, Nebr., Dec. 3k 

Octavia church met in council Dec. 13. Our elder, M. N. 
Wine, ' presided. Two letters of membership were granted. 
We elected our church and Sunday-school officers for 19 H 
with Bro. Wine as elder, the writer, church clerk and Mes- 
senger correspondent. Our Sunday-school superintendent Is 
Bro. J. H. Ditzler. Bro. S. G. Mohler Is president of the 
Christian Workers. — A. F. Eberly, Octavia. Nebr., Jan. 1. 

South Beatrice church met In council Dec. 18. Our elder, 
Bio. J. W. Gish, opened the meeting. Three letters were re- 
ceived, and one was granted. Bro. John Relff was reelected 
writing clerk, and Bro. Pair. Sunday-school superintendent. 
Sister Fredonia Quellhorst, of McPherson, Kans., is teaching 
a singing class at our church. Sister Oma Dell will be our 
chorister for another year. — Lydia Dell, Beatrice. Nebr., Dec. 
29. 

NORTH DAKOTA. 
Brumbaugh. — On Thanksgiving Day we held services at 
the church. Each of our ministers gave a short, interesting 
talk. A collection of $12 was lifted. On Christmas Day we 
had services. Bro. M. L. Huffman, assisted by Bro. N. H. 
Calvert, did the preaching. In the evening we had a Christ- 
mas program, given by the children and young people. The 
occasion was much enjoyed by those present. Dec. 27 we held 
our council, our elder, Bro. John Deal, presiding. Our Sun- 
day-school was reorganized, with Sister Mary Deal as super- 
intendent. The church decided to take 510 from the Sunday- 
school treasury, to send the Gospel Messenger to poor mem- 
bers, and also to some who are not members. We take a spe- 
cial collection every fifth Sunday to sustain the funds for the 
same. We decided to retain Bro. Deal as our elder for an- 
other year, to be assisted by Bro. M. L. Huffman. Dec. 29 we 
expect to begin a Bible class, which will probably continue 
nearly two weeks, with two sessions each day. Bro. Deal is 
to be the instructor. — Mertie Deardorff, R. D. 2, Rock Lake, 
N. Dak., Dec. 28. 

Columbia Sunday-school. — We enjoyed a very helpful Christ- 
mas sermon on Sunday morning, Dec. 28, delivered by Bro. 
D. M. Shorb, of Surrey. N. Dak. He also addressed us on 
Sunday evening. Our services on Dec. 27 were well attended. 
Dec. 21 our Sunday-school gave a Christmas treat to young 
and old. — Mrs. Harry Row, Brantford. N. Dak- Dec. 31. 

Egelind church met in council Dec. 20. Eld. J. D. Kesler 
presided. One letter of membership was received, and two 
were granted. The following officers ■ were elected: Church 
trustee and treasurer. Bro. Henry Kahl; clerk, Bro. G. W. 
Shively; Messenger agent, Bro. P. W. Flchter; correspondent. 
Sister Alice E, Stevens. Bro. U. T. Forney was chosen Sun- 
day-school superintendent, and Sister Lena Putman, secretary- 
treasurer; Sister Gertrude Sharp, chorister. Bro. John Warn- 
pier was ehosen to superintend the Christian Workers' Meet- 
ings. Brethren G. W. Shively, U. T. Forney and H. L. Kahl 
were selected to secure ministers for our series of meetings, 
to be held sometime during the summer of 1914. — Alice E. 
Stevens, Egeland, N. Dak., Dec. 29. 

Kenmaier-Our congregation assembled In council Dec. 23. 
Our elder, Bro. D. F. Landis, presided. Three were received 
by letter. Church, Sunday-school and Christian Workers' 
officers were elected for the coming year. Bro. D. F. Landis 
was reelected elder In charge; Bro. Schwartz, clerk; Bro. Boe, 
treasurer; Sister Edith Dollahon, chorister; Bro. M. F. Harris, 
trustee; Sister Lila Dollahon, reading clerk; Bro. Lewis Hyde, 
Messenger agent; the writer, correspondent; Bro. Schwartz, 
superintendent; Bro. Dorsey Harris, secretary-treasurer. Bro. 
Lewis Hyde is president of the Christian Workers' Meeting; 
Sister Tessie Schwartz, secretary-treasurer. — Jennie Harris, 
Kenmare, N. Dak., Dec. 24. 

Bock Lake. — Dec. 27 our church met in council with Eld. J. 
C. Forney presiding. At this meeting church and Sunday- 
school officers were elected for the coming year. The writer 
was chosen church correspondent. Our Sunday-school, with 
Bro. Jos. Burkholder as leader, is determined to wage war 
against sin with the " Sword of the Spirit." Our revival serv- 
ices will be held in June. — J. C. Forney. Rock Lake, -N. Dak., 
Dec. 31. 

Surrey. — Last Sunday morning Bro. J. H. Gordon preached 
our Christmas sermon, and in the evening the Sunday-school 
gave an Interestitng program, after which we gave them their 
regular Christmas treat. Bro. D. M. Shorb has been in Mon- 
tana for the last two weeks, conducting meetings. Last Sun- 
day Bro. D. T. Dierdorff preached at Denbigh, a mission point 
twenty-five miles east of Surrey. — Manerva Lambert, Surrey, 
N. Dak., Dec. 26. 

OHIO. 
Blanchard Sunday-school rendered a Christmas program 
Dec. 28. The children gave recitations and Christmas songs, 
after which they were given a treat by our superintendent, 
Bro. Floyd Clevenger. At a recent council Bro. L. H. Prow- 
ant was chosen Messenger agent and correspondent. We are 
trying to secure a minister to hold a series of meetings the 
coming year — L H. Prowant, R. D. 7, Continental, Ohio. Dec. 
29. 

Covington-— When our pastor, Bro. G. W. Flory, is away, 
we are always anxious to welcome him back. An evidence of 
this fact was the expectant interest of the large congregation, 
which crowded the church on the occasion of his first sermon 
after his return from Hagerstown, Md. Bro. Flory preached 
on "A Wasted Life," or " Feeding on Ashes." His vivid por- 
trayal of a banquet of worldly pleasures, fame, or wealth, 
left no doubt in the mind as to the need of God for the human 
soul. We had a "giving Christmas" for the main school, but 



In the primary department we gave gifts to the children, 
The chorus class of the church gave a most Interesting pro- 
gram. "The Story of the Shepherds," as told by Sister Con- 
way. " The Walled City." recited by Sister Whitiner. and 
" Wiien the Chimes Rang." by_Slster Wine, were greatly ap- 
preciated. More tiian all. we believe the Christmas spirit of 
peace and good-will was with us as never before. Everybody 
was happy In the love of Christ, our Savior. — Elizabeth D. 
Rosenberger. Covington. Ohio, Dec. 28. 

Doiinels Creek. — Bro. R. N. Leatherman and wife, of Chi- 
cago, came to this place and began a series of meetings at 
the Springfield mission Dec. 14. Bro, Leatherman labored 
faithfully and did much visiting. As a result of his labors, 
seven were baptized. Sister Hettle Barnhart led the singing 
and assisted in the visiting. These meetings closod Dec. 28 
with a love feast. Eld. David Leatherman officiated, Sixty 
brethren and sisters surrounded the Lord's tables. We were 
made to rejoice Dec. 19. when a brother, living near the 
country house, decided to take a stand for Christ. Bro. Leath- 
erman baptized him.— Elsie Winget, R. D. 1. Box 173, Sprlng- 
lield. Ohio, Dec. 30. 

Bagle Creek.— Dec. 20 our congrcfiution met In council. Bro. 
J, J. Anglemeyer, our minister, presided. Bro. G. A. Snider, 
of Lima, Ohio, was retained as presiding elder for the coming 
year, and, Bro. J. J. Anglemyer as minister. Slstor Hattlc 
Baine was chosen clerk; Bro. N. R, Freed, treasurer; Bro. H. 
W. Freed, trustee. Sister Hattie Bame was reelected as su- 
perintendent of our Sunday-school, Bro. E. Bosserman ts our 
Messenger agent, and tho writer Is correspondent. Our series 
of meetings, which was to be conducted In December by Bro. 
G. A. Snider, Ms postponed two months, on account of con- 
tagious sickness In the neighborhood. Two members were 
received Into the church by baptism the past summer. One 
letter was granted. — Sara Freed, R. D. 16, Box 1G, Williams- 
town, Ohio, Dec 27. 

Junction Mission. — Our Sunday-school work moves along 
nicely. Dec. 14 wo took a special collection of Sf>68 for an 
aged couple, the husband being afflicted with cancer. We ex- 
pect Bro. L. H. Prowant, of Continental, Ohio, to conduct a 
series of meetings for us in the spring.— M. E. Miller, R. D. 
10, Defiance, Ohio. Dec. 30. 

Maumee. — Our church mot in council Dec. 27, with Eld. 
John Flory presiding. He was reelected as our elder In 
charge; Bro. Chas. Klntner, Messenger agent; tho writer, 
correspondent. Sunday-school officers were elected for one 
year, with Bro. Edward Klntner as superintendent. We In- 
tend to hold a love feast Oct, 3, at 10 A. M, Bro. Wm. Me- 
Klmmy is to conduct a series of meetings, commencing Sept. 
20. — John Sponseller, Sherwood, Ohio. Dec. 27. 

Owl Creek.— Bro. G. S. Strausbaugh, who has been awny In 
evangelistic work, was at home Doc. 21 and Doc. 28. He de- 
livered two very Inspiring sermons for us. Bro. P. D, Straus- 
baugh. of Wooster, 'Ohio, was with us Dec. 28, and In the even- 
ing dellvei-ed an Inspiring addross, — Zora Montgomery, Fred- 
erlcktown, Ohio, Dec. 29. 

Pleasant Valley Nov. 30 Bro. B. F. Honey man began a 

series of meetings at the Jordan house. He preached twenty- 
five inspiring sermons. He delivered several doctrinal ser- 
mons. While there were no accessions to the church, we feel 
that the work has beem strengthened at this place. Dec. 13 
we met In council. Eld. S. W. Blocher presided, Officers 
were elected for the coming year, with Brethren Walter Clark 
and Alva Minnlch as Sunday-school superintendents; Bio. 
Herbert Mlkesell. church trustee and treasurer; Bro. Wm. 
Weaver, clerk. — Ada Jones, R. D, 1, Fort Recovery, Ohio, 
Dec. 27. 

Bush Creek church met in council at the Bremen house 
Dec. 20, at 1 P. M., with Eld. E. B. Bagwell presiding. Sun- 
day-school officers were elected for the ensuing year, with 
Bro. Daniel Beery as superintendent, and SlBter Bertha Bag- 
well as secretary-treasurer. — Mrs. Levi Stoner, Bremen, Ohio; 
Dec. 28. 

Silver Creek. — Bro. John M. Lair, of Custer, Mich., came 
Nov. 26 and began meetings at the Walnut Orovo house, He 
continued until the evening of Doc. 14. The weather being 
inclement and the roads bad part of the time, hindered some 
from attending the services. The last week the weather was 
good and the interest increased. One was received by baptism. 
Bro. Lair preached the Word with power, and the meetings 
closed with good Interest. We expect Bro, J. W. Rarick, of 
North Manchester, Ind., to begin a series of meetings at the 
Hickory Grove house sometime in January. — (Mrs,) Ottlo 
Fisher, R. D. 1, Pioneer, Ohio, Dec. 27. 

Sugar HilL— Our church met in council Dec. 16, for organi- 
zation. Eld. L. A. Bookwalter presided. At a previous coun- 
cil the upper part of this congregation was given the name 
of Upper Twin, while the lower section was named Lower 
Twin. As. however, there seemed to be some dissatisfaction, 
the part formerly known as " Upper Twin " has adopted the 
name of Sugar Hill; hence we will hereafter be known by 
this name, Eld. J. F. Brubaker was chosen presiding elder 
for three years. Other church officers and also the superin- 
tendents for the Sugar Hill and Tom's Run Sunday-schools 
were elected. We are arranging for a weekly Sunday-school 
teachers' meeting, with Bro. Brubaker as leader. — Blanche E. 
Furrey, R. D. 3, West Alexandria, Ohio, Dec. 28. 

Toledo Mission. — We reorganized our Sunday-school for the 
coming year, with Bro, Eastwood as superintendent. We feel 
greatly encouraged over the work of the past year. Two are 
awaiting the rite of baptism. More are near tiie kingdom, 
We had an excellent program on Christmas evening. — Cora 
Eastwood, 1306 Camden Street. East Toledo, Ohio. Dec. 30. 
Wooster. — Bro. Jos. L. Mahon was with us four weeks, and 
closed his work here Dec. 21. He preached God's Word with 
power, made a hous^-to-house canvass, searching out the un- 
converted and encouraging the Christians to greater conse- 
cration and faithfulness in God's service. We were favored 
with fair weather and good roads most of the time. The In- 
terest was excellent. Everybody, for miles around, took part 
in the services. All available space was crowded with eager 
listeners. Sister Zuma Heestand led the song services (others 
assisting), which were good and Inspiring. Thirty-three stood 
up for Christ. Eight have already been baptized, while others 
wanted a little time to read and decide on a church home. 
May the good Lord bless Bro. Mahon In his further efforts 
for the salvation of souls! — Mary Brubaker, Wellersville, 
Ohio, Dec. 26. 

OKLAHOMA. 
Big Creek church met In'councll Dec. 20. Eld. N. S. Gripe 
presided Church officers were elected for another year, with 
Bro N. S.- Gripe as elder; Sister Belle Klnzle, clerk; Bro. 
Louis Holderread, chorister; Bro. Ralph Holslnger, corres- 
pondent; Bro. A. W. Austin, Gospel Messenger agent. Sun- 
day-school and Christian Worker officers were chosen for six 
months. Sister Abbie Pote was chosen Sunday-school super- 
intendent, and Sister Sarah Fillmore secretary. Bro. Ralph 
Holslnger is president of the Christian Workers' Meeting, 
and Sister Elsie Pote secretary. Our Sunday-school will con- 
tinue to support a native missionary In India. The Sunday- 
school scholars gave an Interesting program on Christmas 
Day.— Mollle Fillmore. Cushlr.g, Okla., Dec. 26. 

Prairie Lake. — We commenced a series of meetings at the 
Prairie Lake church Nov. 28. Bro. J. H. Morris preached splen- 
did sermons. One week during these meetings Bro. Mcrris and 
Rev W M. Barker, a minister In the Church of C'irlut, halQ 
a debate that continued six nights, and was well attended. 
One come out for the Lord. At the close of Bro. Morris' 
meetings we held our love feast. As Bro. Morris had to leave, 
Bro. Jos. Root is now continuing our series of meetings. — 
Florence Robinson, Waynoka, Okla., Dec. 31. 

Tiomii church convened in council Dec. 20. Bro. J. Apple- 



man was placed In charge for another year. Sunday-school 
officers were chosen for the ensuing six months, with Sister 
Io McAvoy as superintendent, and Sister Olive Ihrlg as sec- 
retary. Bro. B. F. Stutzman was elected president of our 
Chrlstinn Workers" Meeting, and Bro. Charles Showalter as 
secretary. Our Christian Workers supported an orphan in 
China last year. This year we expect to maintain a music 
class in the home church. Our churchhouse has recently 
been repainted. — Elsie K. Sanger. Thomas, Okla,, Dec. 23. 

OREGON. 

Portland. — At our council for the new year the, different 
officers were elected for Sunday-school and church work. 
Our Christian Workers elect their own officers. Seven letters 
wore read and two granted. Eld, H. H. Keim and family now 
have their membership In the Portland church. We had a 
nice program for our Sunday-school on Christmas Eve. Each 
one present received a treat. — Nellie Carl, 112G Alblna Avenue, 
Portland, Oregon, Dec 30. 

Weston church met In council Dec. 27. Bro. Bonewltz pre- 
sided. 1 Only a few members were present. The church offi- 
cers wore all retained for another year, except our clerk, 
who lias moved to Woshtucana. Wash. Sister Olive Nevin 
was chosen to fill the vacancy. All of the Sunday-school 
officers were also retained for 1914, Our series of meetings, 
to be conducted by Brethren A. L. Goiham and J. E. Sham- 
berger, of Payette, Idaho, will begin In a few days. — Olive 
Nevln, Weston, Oregon, Dec. 29. 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

Ephrata. — Our council was held Dec. 19. Our elder, Bro. 
David Kllhefner, presided. Bro. H. S. Glbble was elected 
Sunday-school superintendent for the coming year, and Bro. 
H. O. Mentzor secretary. — J, M. Neff, Ephrata, Pa., Dec. 27. 

liooust Orovo (Johnstown Congregation). — Eld. Abram 
Fyock, of New Enterprise, Pa., gave us a Christmas talk at 
tho close of our Christmas exercises In the Sunday-school. 
He also gave us a splendid .sermon In the evening on "Heaven 
Our Future Home." Bro. John W. Mills delivered a splendid 
sermon on "The Dying Year."— David C. Rlbblett, R. D. 2. 
Johnstown, Pa., Dec. 28. 

Midway. — Since our last report Bro. A. H. Brubachor, former 
correspondent, was ordained to the eldership. Oct. 28 Bro. 
Geo, Weaver, of Manhetm, Pa., began a series of meetings at 
the Midway house. He labored with us two weeks. He started 
with a small audience, and ended with a full house. The In- 
terest was exceptionally good. Dec. 26 our church met in 
council. One certificate was received, and two were 
granted, Bio, S. K. Wonger was appointed Sunday- 
school superintendent of our evergreen Sunday-school; Sister 
Katie Wonger, superintendent of the primary department. 
The District Meeting of Eastern Pennsylvania will be held 
next spring In the Midway house. — A. Z. Brubaker, R. D. 6. 
Lebanon, Pa., Dec. 31. 

Pittsburgh — First Church of the Brethren met In quarterly 
council Doc. 10. tho now constitution of the church was 
adopted, Tho officers of the church and Sunday-school for 
Hie new year were elected. Bro. Coffman, our pastor. Is clos- 
ing out his first year's work with us, and was reelected for 
three years more, — Mrs. T. R. Cnffmnn, Pittsburgh, Pa., Dec. 
29. 

Bouiervllle.— Our Sunday-school held Christmas services 
on Friday evening, Dec. 2li, The title of the program was 
"The Star-lit Way," which was well rendered by tho school. 
The attendance was very large. We also held an election of 
officers the following Sunday, Dec 28. Bro. J. H. Bare, of 
Waynesboro, was reelected superintendent, and Bro. C. G. 
Wchor secretary. Sister Elva Rlnehart Is superintendent of 
our primary department; Sister Nettle Bare, of Waynesboro, 
superintendent of the home department; Sister Clemmle Mc- 
Claln, superintendent of the cradle roll. — Dollle Brown, R. D. 
1, Rouzervllle. Pa„ Doc, 30. 

Shade Creek church met In council Dec 27. New officers 
were elected for 1911, Bro. S. W. Knavel was chosen treas- 
urer; Bro. H. D. Jones, secretary; Sister Clara Statler, a mem- 
ber of tho Missionary Committee; Sister Stella Penrod, cor- 
icspondlng secretary, Bro, Thompson, of West Virginia, has 
agreed to be our pastor. We have decided to remodel the 
Itummel churchhouse as soon as the weather permits. — 
Stella Penrod, R. D. 1, Wlndher, Pa., Dec 29. 

Spring Creek. — The membership of our congregation, Jan. 
I, 1913, was 269; received by letter, 37; baptized, 2; lost by 
death, 2; by letter, 23; a net gain during the year of 13. This 
leaves our membership Jan. 1, 1914, 282.— John C. Zug, Pal- 
myra, Pa., Dec* 31. 

Tulpehooken,— Our members met In council Dec. IB. Bro, 
Harry Hacker was chosen superintendent of the Richland 
Sunday-school; Bro. Harvoy Frantz for the Myerstown 
BCllOoI; Bro. Henry King for the Heidelberg school, and Bro. 
< 'has. Zlegler for the Ml II bach school. The latter part of 
November we held' a series of meetings at the Tulpebocken 
house, with Bro. Alfred Gingrich, of Annvllle, doing the 
preaching. The sermons and Interest were good. On Satur- 
day evening,, Dec. 13, we opened a scries of meetings at the 
Heidelberg house. Bro. Ralph Schlosser, of Ellzabethtown. 
Pa, did the preaching. His sermons were almost strictly 
doctrinal. Each night large crowds came out to hear him. 
Five young people came out on the Lord's side. Jan. 3 we 
expect to open a series of meetings at the Schaefferstown 
house, with Bro, John Zug, of Palmyra, as evangelist. The 
new churchhouse at Richland Is about completed, and the 
dedication will take place Feb. I. There will be forenoon, 
afternoon and evening sessions. If a worker can be secured, 
these meetings will be continued for a week or more after 
the dedication. We Invite our friends to attend these services. 
— (Mrs.) Mary Reber. Richland, Pa., Dec 31. 
(Concluded on Page 32.) 



CORRESPONDENCE 



"Write what thou seest, 



and i 



u'l it unto the churches " 



A VISIT TO THE FRATERNITY CHURCH, N. C. 
In the interests of mission work I visited the above 
church Dec. 13. There are some very interesting things 
connected with this church. Some time during the eight- 
eenth century some Brethren moved into this country by 
the name of Pfau. We are not informed as to the num- 
ber of members or the exact date, but with the death of 
these members the church was lost sight of for a number 
of years. In the early part of the nineteenth century a 
descendant by the name of Jacob Faw, or Pfau, became 
spiritually aroused, and having learned that in Virginia 
there was a people who obeyed the whole Gospel, and 
being directed by the Spirit, he saddled his horse and 
rode to Franklin County, a distance of one hundred miles, 
where he found the Brethren. After being fully instruct- 
ed he received baptism, and before leaving he was au- 
thorized to return to his native State and preach the Gos- 
pel. 



30 



tME GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 10, 1914. 



He soon built up a congregation of Brethren, and he 
Was held in very high esteem by all who knew him. 

The following incident is told of him: One night he 
awoke and heard an unusual disturbance in his meat- 
house. He donned his clothing and walked out cautious- 
ly and saw a man standing at the door, while another man 
was inside, handing out bacon. Bro. Faw approached so 
quietly that the inside man did not know that his com- 
panion had fled. Bro. Faw took the position of the out- 
side man and received the pieces of bacon, and did as 
the former man. Soon the inside man said, " Shall we 
take it all?" The newcomer said, "No, leave the old 
man one piece." His voice was recognized, and at once 
the inside man tried to escape. He was captured, how- 
ever, whereupon Bro. Faw enquired as to his needs and 
also as to those of the man who had fled. With the 
promise from this man that he would never again be 
guilty of a like crime, he was set at liberty with two 
pieces of bacon, — one for himself and one for his com- 
panion. Bro. Faw promised that he would never reveal 
their names, provided they would henceforth be honest 
men. Accordingly, their names were never revealed. 

Bro. Faw was soon ordained to the eldership by the 
Virginia Brethren. His son, Amos, grew up and became 
an elder, and by an old document, preserved in the 
church, we Jearn that in 1865 a Sunday-school was or- 
ganized, with Bro. Amos Faw as president (superintend- 
ent). 

The work moved on nicely for some time, when Amos 
Faw was called home, Then a son, C. .R. Faw, and J. F. 
Robertson, both grandsons of Eld. Jacob Faw, were 
called, to the ministry, and assisted their grandfather. 
They are at this time elders in the congregation. 

The unfortunate spirit of division was carried here and 
the aged elder was influenced to go "with the Old Order 
Mrethren. 

After preaching one sermon for them he closed his 
eyes in death, and left the young brethren to carry on 
the work so nobly begun. They have been faithful and 
loyal to the church and now have a membership of 140 
members. 

Eld. J. H. Woodie moved into this territory more than 
a year ago, and the oversight of the church was laid 
upon him. 

Their Sunday-school has an enrollment of sixty-five, 
and they are helping to support Brother and Sister 
Wampler in the China Mission. 

Winston-Salem, a city of 35,000 inhabitants, ten miles 
from the Fraternity church, seems to be a very inviting 
mission point. There is an elder and more than a score 
of members living in the city, but they are without a 
Sunday-school or religious services of any kind. Other 
members may soon be moving into the city and their 
children will be lost to the church unless some effort is 
put forth to save them. 

I call the attention of the Southern District of Virginia, 
and especially the Fraternity church, to this field, white 
unto the harvest. C. D. Hylton. 

Troutville, Va., Dec. 24, 



AS WE SEE IT. 



We left our home in Los "Angeles May 22, stopped 
three days at Bethany Bible School in Chicago, visited 
the Publishing House at Elgin, and then went on to the 
Annual Meeting at Winona. After the meeting we went 
to Fostoria, Ohio, where we expected to do some evan- 
gelistic work, but on account of ill health it became neces- 
sary to go on the operating table, instead. The operation 
was of a serious nature, and were it not for the prayers 
of God's children and the answering of the same, surely 
we would not be able to now tell of our experiences. 
And we can the more fully realize the experience of the 
Psalmist David when he said, " Though I walk through 
the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil; 
for thou art with me," 

After convalescing for ten weeks, we were able to, go 
on to our old home church at Hanoverdale, Pa., where 
we found many changes during our absence of fourteen 
years. Eld. John Whitmer is in charge of the church. 
I noted that four of my former playmates are now in the 
ministry. 

Going thence, 1 journeyed to Palmyra, where Elder J. 
H. Longenecker is in charge, thence to Elizabethtown, 
Mechanicsburg, and Harrisburg. As we see things at 
these places, some look encouraging, while others do not 
seem to be making very great progress. On our way 
westward we stopped at the Chapman Creek church, 
Kansas, for a two weeks' series of meetings. Here wife 
and 1 entered the church, but on our return we only 
found one family that was there at that time. Practically 
the entire congregation has changed. 

We returned to our home in time for District Meeting; 
then went to Santce, Cal., to look after the work there, 
— Bro. L. S. Yoder also assisting in the work. The great 
need there is for some other strong workers to move in 
and assist them. At Glendale, Arizona, we held a series 
of meetings of three weeks. The church here, under the 
eldership and pastorate of Eld. F. F. Durr, is in better 
condition than it has ever been in the history of the 
church. About two years ago the Glendale church started 
a mission at Phcenix, eleven miles from Glendale. Sis- 



ter Yordy Woodward gave some time to the work, un- 
der the direction of the Mission Board of Southern Cali- 
fornia and Arizona, then Brother and Sister Witmore 
spent three months in the work, and now Brother and 
Sister C. W. Guthrie are in charge. 

This place, like many other mission points in our 
cities, meets with many discouragements, one of which is 
a floating class of people. The work is growing slowly. 
Bro. Guthrie, with a world-wide experience, is doing all 
be possibly can to build up the work, and we hope, 
before long, to see a strong church at this place. We 
were at Pearce, Arizona, for a week, where Bro. L. S. 
Yoder has charge. Bro. Stutsman, of Elgin, was also 
present, and at the council meeting was chosen elder in 
charge. 

I have been very much impressed with the resources of 
the Salt River Valley. The natural fertility of the soil, 
the large area of land, with the splendid irrigation sys- 
tem, made possible by the famous Roosevelt dam, cost- 
in.? nearly nine million dollars, foreshadow greater pos- 
sibilities for those of ordinary means than any other ir- 
rigated district in the West, I have no personal interest 
in the valley except from a missionary standpoint, but I 
am persuaded that many of our people who are contem- 
plating a change of location, cither on account of health 
or otherwise, would be looking this way, if they knew of 
the resources and possibilities of this valley. I personally 
feel that Glendale or Phcenix, the capital of the State, 
offers as good opportunities as any other place. Glendale 
has a good, live, strong congregation. Phcenix is a mis- 
sion point with eighteen members. 

The services here at Phcenix will close Thursday night. 
On Sunday I begin a series of meetings at Holtville, Cal., 
to continue two weeks. After a visit at El Centro, I 
expect to return to my home in Los Angeles. 

Los Angeles, Cal., Dec. 23. G. H. Bashor. 



STERLING, COLORADO. 

As 'we allow our thoughts to go back nine months, to 
the time when we came to Sterling, Colo., to take up the 
work -here, as pastor of this congregation, we find that 
there have been a great many things ^to call forth thanks- 
giving and praise to our Heavenly Father for his goodness 
to us. 

Last Friday evening, however, we were reminded that 
the church here does appreciate our work, when the breth- 
ren and sisters visited our home- and brought with them 
messages of good-will and kindly cheer. They also re- 
membered that the pastor and his family have temporal 
wants, and graciously supplied them by liberal donations 
of flour, meat, potatoes, fruit, groceries, etc. A very pleas- 
ant evening was spent in song practice and social inter- 
course. 

Sometimes, when we meet with the discouragements 
that must be encountered, our courage runs low, but with 
a body of earnest coworkers to uphold us, we again 
continue the work with renewed vigor and determination. 
Especially does it seem that the membership here has done 
much to help the work during the past year. Besides tak- 
ing care of the finances of the church, which come as reg- 
ular work, they have put up a $1,500 parsonage, just near- 
ing completion. 

When we remember that the burden of the work rests on 
but a few families, much credit is due these faithful ones. 
Not only are they concerned about the present but for the 
future welfare of the church. ' May God richly bless the 
efforts that are being put forth for the advancement of 
Christ's kingdom. We hope, since being located in the 
new parsonage, and much nearer the work, to relieve, in 
part at least, the kindness and thoughtfulness of the mem- 
bers here by better and more effective work, than has been 
clone in the past. 

Thanksgiving Day with us was spent very pleasantly 
and profitably. We had a sermon and praise service in 
the morning, after which we all contributed to a basket 
dinner, which, though .simple, was much enjoyed. After the 
meeting the Sisters' Aid Society convened, and a very 
pleasant afternoon was spent in the work. 

As we look the work over, however, we see reasons 
greater than any mentioned, for much thankfulness to our 
Heavenly Father. We are glad to note that the church has 
made spiritual advancement. Since last spring six have 
put on Christ in baptism and six have , been received by 
letter, making in all twelve additions. A prayer meeting, 
with good attendance, is now in progress, and a teacher- 
training class of thirteen members has been enrolled. 

With all of these things to encourage us, we hope to ac- 
complish much more through the winter months before us. 
Dec. 26 we expect to begin a series of meetings, and pray 
that God's name may be glorified and souls saved. 

Sterling, Colo., Dec. 18. J. C. Groff. 



SISTERS 9 AID SOCIETIES 



BEATEETON, MICH. — The following Is a report of our 
Sisters - Aid Society for 1913: "We held eleven regular meet- 
ings and one special meeting. Our average attendance of 
members was ten, the average attendance of visitors sixteen, 
and the average total attendance was twenty-six. Our aver- 
age collection was 53.47; money received, $117.53; money 
spent, $103.17; money on hand. $14.26. Sixty-one articles Of 
clothing and wedding were made, and one box of twenty-two 



pieces of clothing was sent to the Grand Rapids Mission. 
Officers for 1913 were elected Dec. 6, with Sister Fanny Hoover 
as President; Sister Wealthy Long, Superintendent; Sister 
Mlna VanDylte, Secretary; Sister Anna Rupp, Treasurer. — 
Cassle Kauffman, Secretary, R. D. 2, Beaverton, Mich., Dec. 
22. 

Oveserook, kans. — The following is the report from 
our Sisters' Aid Society from Dec. 5. 1912, to Dec. 4, 1913: 
Eleven all-day meetings were held. The total number of our 
helpers was 313, with an average attendance of twenty-eight. 
We had a total collection of $23.86, and an average collection 
of $2.16. We sold two comforters and three quilts for $11.50. 
Our expenses amounted to $31.24, and we have $2.87 left In 
the treasury. We made and donated 182 garments. Five 
comforters and three quilts were made, and four sacks of 
clothing were sent to the Kansas City Mission, valued at 
$77.05. We also sent a Christmas box to the Kansas City 
Mission. We hope to do better- work the coming year than 
we have done in the past. — (Mrs.) Emma Flshburn. Secretary- 
treasurer, Overbrook, Kans.. Dec. 26. 

Sidney. OHIO. — We reorganized our Sisters' Aid Society 
Dec. 18 by reelecting Sister Ellen Albaugh as President; Sis- 
ter Bertha Reed, Secretary-treasurer; Sister Cora Smith, Buy- 
ing Committee; Sisters Sada Brenneman, Caroline Knup and 
Anna Crumrine. Sewing Committee; Sisters Dora Jenkins. 
Dora Globs and Mattie McGulre. Visiting Committee. During 
the past year we held twenty-eight meetings, with an average 
attendance of seven, plus. Our total attendance was 190. One 
and a half days we sewed for the flood sufferers. Total col- 
lections amounted to $15.93; received for comforters sold. 
$14.60; for bonnets, 51.05; for aprons, 85 cents; total amount 
received, $31.74. We paid out for material $14.79. gave $3.28 
to the flood sufferers of our town, paid $5 for putting gas into 
our sewing room at the church, and 511-37 for a sewing- 
machine for our work. We have a balance of $7-50 to begin 
work in the new year. We meet twice a month and feel that 
we have done much good. — Ellen Albaugh, President, Sidney, 
Ohio, Dec. 29. 

tcfeka, KANS. — The report of our Sisters' Aid Society 
from Jan. 9, 1913, to Dec. 18, 1913, Is as follows: We held 
forty-eight meetings and donated one and one-half days' work, 
which time was spent in making articles of clothing. Our 
average attendance is nine, We have sold sixty prayer-cov- 
erings, pieced seven quilt-tops, quilted ten quilts, tacked two 
comforters, made, thirty garments, and sewed eight pounds 
of carpet rags. We paid out $10 for mission work in Kansas 
City, and $5 to the Child Rescue Work, 51. 65 for a pair of 
shoes given to a poor family, and $8.50 for a rostrum carpet 
in our church. The collection for the year was 520.25. We 
spent $39.09, and 534.32 was taken in for work, leaving 515.62 
In the treasury.- We elected new officers for six months, 
Sister Stuart being chosen President, and the writer, Secre- 
tary-treasurer. — Minnie Mariner, Secretary, Oakland, Kans., 
Dec- 26. 



MATRIMONIAL 



' What therefore God bath joined together, let not man put asundei 



Horrlaice notices should be accompanied by 50 cents 



Ev;ui a Kin ills'. — By the undersigned, at the home of the 
bride's grandparents, Brother and Sister Jacob J. Kindig, of 
Roseland, Nebr., Dec. 25, 1913, Mr. Myron D. Evans and Miss 
Phebe D. Kindig, both of Roseland, Nebr.— J. J. Kindig, Rose- 
land, Nebr. 

Grass-Bay,— By the undersigned, at the home of the bride's 
parents, Brother and Sister Frank Ray, of Klngsley, Iowa. 
Dec. 24, 1913, Bro. Herman I. Grass and Sister Ella I. Ray, 
both of Kingsley, Iowa. — A M. Laughrun, Kingsley, Iowa. 

Iiong-Brubaker. — By the undersigned, at the home of Bro. 
Walter Swihart. Dec. 25, 1913, Mr. Otto Long, of Plymouth, 
Ind., and Sister Esta Brubaker, of Argos, Ind. — J. P. Hoffman, 
Argos, Ind. 

Myers-Breon — By the undersigned, at the home of the 
bride's parents, Dec. 25, 1913, Bro. Earl R. Myers, of Hardy, 
Nebr., and Sister Sarah C. Breon, of Portis, Kans. — I. S. Le- 
rew, Portis, Kans. 

Stoner-Bhodes. — By the undersigned, at his residence, Dec. 
21, 1913, Bro. William S. Stoner and Sister Ruth S. Rhodes, 
both of Nampa, Idaho.^David Betts, Nampa, Idaho. 

Wlae-Senseman — By the undersigned, at his residence, 
Dec. 25, 1913, Mr. Irvln B. Wine, of Saint Marys, Ohio, and 
Miss Maude Senseman, of Dayton, Ohio. — S. P. Early, 764 
West High Street, Lima, Ohio. 



FALLEN ASLEEP 



"Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord" 



Bock, Catherine, daughter of Jacob and Elizabeth Hoover. 
born May 31, 18*1, nine miles west of Dayton, Ohio, died in 
Pomona, Cal., Dec. 15, 1913, aged 72 years, 6 months and 15 
days. She was married to Samuel Bock March 10, 1864. To 
them were born two sons and three daughters. She is sur- 
vived by her husband and one son. who, after spending three 
weeks with his wife and three children in the parental home, 
returned only two weeks before to his home in Spokane, Wash. 
Sister Bock united with the Church of the Brethren at the 
age of seventeen, and lived a very active Christian life. She 
taught in the Sunday-school for many years, was an en- 
thusiastic worker in the Sisters' Aid Society, and could al- 
ways he depended upon to help every form of church activity. 
Sister Bock's husband was for years Secretary and 
Treasurer of the Book and Tract Work, and they entertained 
many brethren. She was afflicted for many years, and was 
often near death's door. She was anointed several times, and 
had implicit faith in her Savior. Services by Eld. "S. E. 
Yundt. assisted by Elders E. S. Young and J. W. Cline. Text, 
Job 38: 17. — Chas. B. Wolf. 310 Kingsley Avenue, Pomona, 
Cal. 

Brumbaugh, Sister Ann, nee Black, born In Blair County, 
Pa., Nov. 8, 1829,.-died at the home of her son in Brule Coun- 
ty. S. Dak., Dec. 3, 1913, of Bright's disease, aged 84 years and 
25 days. She was married to Moses Brumbaugh Sept. 10. 
1850. Two sons and two daughters were born to this union. 
Her husband and one son preceded her some years ago. One 
sister, one son and two daughters survive her. All of them 
were present at the funeral. The deceased came to Dakota 
In 18S9 and settled in Brule County. Sister Brumbaugh united 
with the Church of the Brethren over thirty years ago, and 
remained faithful. Services at the Methodist Episcopal 
church at Torry Lake by the pastor, Rev. T. H. Trevlthlck. 
Six of her grandsons were pall-bearers. She was buried be- 
side her husband. — G. W. Brumbaugh, R. D. 2, White Lake, S. 
Dak. 

Bneghly, Sister Sarah, nee Saddler, born Nov. 26, 1852, died 
Nov. 26, 1913, aged 61 years. She was married to Bro. David 
Bueghly in 1877, and the same year she united with the 
Church of the Brethren. She continued in Christian fellow- 
ship and strong in the faith until death. One son was born 
to this union. He and the father survive her. Sister Bueghly 
was seriously 111 since Aug. 2, 1913. Services in Minneapolis 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 10, 1914. 



31 



l,y Bro. D. W. Shock, assisted by Bro. \V. J. Barnliart. The 
final services were fn the Root River church, Preston. Minn., 
by Bro. D. W. Shock, assisted by Bro. J. H. Graybill. In- 
\erment in the cemetery near the churchhouse. — Mvrtle 
Beach. 3126 Knox Avenue. North. Minneapolis. Minn, 

Badffett, Bro. Henry Clinton, bi.rn In Union County. Ind., 
died in Mooreland. Ind,. aged 76 years. 5 montlis and 88 Buys 
Dec. ". 1S65. he was married to Elizabeth Ellen Clark Two 
sons and five daughters were born to tills union. All of them 
survive. He was a member of the Brethren church thirty- 
seven years. Services at Mooreland by Eld. L. \Y Teeter, 
assisted by Eld. Abram Bowman. Text, Rev. 22: 14. — Chas. 
\V. Miller, Hagerstown. Ind. 

Caylor, Bro. William, born near Dayton. Ohio, Jan. 18, isi; 
died Dec. 16, 1913, aged 66 years, 10 months and 28 days. In 
Ills boyhood days he moved with Ills parents to Clinton ('.uni- 
ty, Ind. In 1S69 he went to Marlon County, III., where he 
resided until death called him. Nov. IS. 1873, he was united 
In wedlock to Mary Neher, daughter of Eld. Daniel Neher tde- 
ceased). To this union two sons were born. One son pre- 
ceded the father in death. His wife, one son ami one 
brother survive him. Soon after their marriage he and his 
wife became members of the Church of the Brethren, to 
Which faith he remained loyal. He served the church a number 
of years as a deacon, and was especially known for his kind 
and gentle disposition to all with whom he came in contact. 
Services by Bro. Oscar Redenbo. — S. S. Fouts, Salem, III. 

Fields, Bro. Thomas, son of Joe and Easter Fields, born 
in Martin County, Ky., Nov. 30. 1877. died Dec. 19, 1913'. ngerl 
36 years and 19 days. He was united in marriage to Splcey 
Hal in 1896. Four sons and three daughters were born to 
tills union. His wife and children survive him. Bio. Fields 
had consumption for a number of years, but only recently 
did It begin to show its fatal hold upon him. He was not 
confined to bed until two weeks before he died. While In this 
1 ondltion, he began to consider his spiritual welfare. During 
his last hours he felt Impressed to take Christ Into his life 
and was baptized by Bro. Robert Fields. Six hours later he 
passed away. Interment in the Weston cemetery of the vi- 
cinity. Services by Eld. R. H. Reed, assisted bv Bin. Robert 
Fields. — Rufus M. Reed x Laura, Ky. 

Hilton, Lottie, daughter of A. H. and Cora L, Hilton, born 
May 20, ,1910, died at the home of her parents near New 
Plymouth, Idaho, Oct. 5, 1913. aged 3 years, 4 months and 11 
days. She came to her death by accidental burning. Her 
parents, three brothers and two sisters' survive. Services by 

the writer, assisted by Eld. Thompson, of the V. B church 

L. H. Eby, Payette. Idaho. f 

Homager, Sister Nancy, died Dec. 14, ,1913, at Bachmanvllle. 
Fa., in the bounds of the Conewago congregation, aged 79 
years and 26 days. Eld. Jacob Hollinger, of sacred memory, 
was her father. Sister Hollinger is survived by a brother, 
Eld. Daniel Hollinger. now eighty-two years old. One sister 
also survives her. She was a faithful sister for many years, 
and one of the oldest members In our congregation. Services 
at the Bachmanvllle house by Eld. Samuel Witmer and Breth- 
ren Aaron Hoffer and John S. Baker. Interment at Spring 
Creek. — Edgar M. Hoffer, Elizabeth town, Pa. 

Hurst, Sister Annie, died Dec 11, 1913, In her eighty-second 
year. She was a good Christian mother and a friend to all. 
She gave her heart to the Lord In her youth and remained a 
consistent worker unto the end. Interment by the side 01' 
her husband, who preceded her eleven years ago. Services by 
Bro. B. W. Smith. — J. L. Shanholtz, Levels, "W. Va. 

Koontz, SI sfier Susan, nee Forney, died Dec. 17, 1913, at 
Hooveisvllle, Pa., in the Quemahoning congregation, aged Si 
years,- 11 months and 17 days. Her husband preceded her to 
the spirit world just twenty-seven days. She was a faithful 
member of the church since early life. Her children are all 
members of the church. She selected 2 Tim. 4: 7, 8 for her 
funeral text. Services by the writer and Eld. S. P. Zimmer- 
man in the Maple Spring church. — P. J. Blough, Hooversville, 
Pa. 

Hlce, Bro. Chas. R.. born Nov. 11, 1849, died Dec. 1. 19Ki. 
in the bounds of the Dry Fork church. Bro. Rice was a mem- 
ber of the Church of the Brethren. Services at the Dry 
Fork church by Eld. Wm. Harvey, assisted by Eld, D. W. 
Teeter. Text, 1 John 1: 7. Interment in the cemetery ad- 
joining the church. Bro. Rice Is survived by his wife, two 
sons and four brothers. — Walter Weimer, Jasper, Mo. 

Bldenger, Marie Bell, born Aug. 11, 1905, died Dec. hi, 1913, 
of diphtheria, aged 8 years, 4 months and 5 days. She was 
buried the same day. Her parents and one half-sister sur- 
vive. She was a bright little girl, and one of our Sunday- 
school scholars. Services at the Goshen City church on Sun- 
day morning, Dec. 28. by Eld. H. Forney. — Dora Stiver, 
Goshen. Ind. 

Bcbnieb, Sister Sarah Ann, born at Flat Rock, Ohio. Sept. 
30. 1843. died at the home of her daughter. Sister Maud 
Roush, 206 School Street, Goshen, Ind., Dec. 21. 1913, aged 
70 years, 2 months and 21 days. She leaves a husband, one 
son and one daughter, two half-brothers and one half-sister. 
She was a member of the Evangelical church. Short services 
at the home of Sister Roush by Bro. H. Forney. Interim-nt 
at Royal Center. — Dora Stiver, Goshen, Ind. 

Shaeffer, Sister Rebecca, nee Wehrley, daughter of Lewis 
P. and Catharine Wehrley, born In Preble County, Ohio, March 
1. 1845, died Dec. 17, 1913, aged 68 years, 9 months and 16 
days. At the age of seven months she was left motherless, 
and was then cared for in the home of her grandfather, 
George Wehrley, until she was nineteen years of age. She 
was united in marriage to Joseph Shaeffer Dec. 9. 1864. This 
union was blessed with two sons. She united with the 
Church of the Brethren about the year 1874, and honored her 
profession. Death came unexpectedly while visiting at the 
home of a son. The church has lost a faithful sister, and the 
community a good neighbor and friend. She leaves a h 
band and two sons. Funeral text, 1 Tim. 4: 8. — Mandllla 
Petry, West Manchester, Ohio. 

Thomas, Sister Almeda, died of tuberculosis Dec. 16, 1913, 
at Empire, Cal., aged 15 years, 6 months and 27 days. Her 
father and mother died of the same disease before she was 
three years old. Her uncle and aunt, Samuel Berger and 
wife, kindly cared for her. Two brothers survive her. Sister 
Thomas united with the Church of the Brethren about five 
years ago. She lived a beautiful Christian lffe. Services by 
Bio. Gwin at the house, and by Bro. J. W. Deardorff and the 
writer at the church.— J. C. Selbert, Empire, Cal. 

Valentine, Idella, daughter of Bro. Henry Valentine, died 
In the Dunnings Creek congregation. Pa.. Dec. 10, 1913, aged 
48 years, 5 months and 6 days. She was a very consistent 
member of the Church of the Brethren for a number of years. 
She was subject to falling spasms for many years. She bore 
her affliction very patiently and always enjoyed sanctuary 
privileges when her health would permit her to be there. 
Her aged father and two sisters survive. Services by the 
writer. Interment In the Mosk cemetery. — Levi Rogers, Alum 
Bank, Pa. 

Whisler, Sister Clara, born Jan. 9, 1878. died Dec. 21, 1913. 
aged 35 years. 11 months and 12 days. Sister Whisler re- 
ceived Christian baptism Oct. 17, 1901. and lived a consistent 
Hfe. Dec. 19 she called for the anointing. She Is survived by 
a husband and two sons. Services at the Elkhart Valley 
church, conducted by Bro. Frank Krelder. Text, Rev. 14: 
12-13. — Florence Kulp. R. D. 3. Goshen, Ind. . 

WUfong, Frank W., died of valvular heart trouble at his 
home near Arbovale, W. Va,, Dec. 9, 1913, aged 39 years, 2 
months and 2 days. He united with the church only a few 
months ago. He was a much respected brother and a good 
citizen. His wife and eight children survive. Services by 
the writer. Text. Rev. 14: 13. Interment on the Rader home- 
stead near by. — John W. Hevener, Hosterman, W. Va, 



The Premium Bibles 

It is gratifying to notice that a large number of our 
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32 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 10, 1914. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 

Editorial,— 

That Which Counts 2S 

Our Florida. Editorial (J. H. M.) 26 

Dress Reform (D. L. M.) 2S 

Our Visit to tin- Korelgn Mission FIHdx.— No, (H. C. 

B.) 2G . 

Accessions for 1913 2B 

The Toll of Death During 1018 2C 

On Higher Ground In 19H 2C 

Etiays, — 

Settling Difficulties. By D. E. Cripe 18 

Some Attributes of God's Elect. — No. 2. By John R. 

Snyder 18 

Synopsis nf ;- Temperance Sermon. By .1. i> Waughte- 

iin ]* 

How Do You See? By Oran S. Yoiml 1 !> 

AlllU lions— Why? By D. J. LIchty, 19 

Thoughts on the Sneraments.— No. 2. By H. J. Harnly, 20 
The LoVflbleneBfl of (he Bible. By C. Ellen Hutchison.. 20 
Blue Ridge College. By Edward C. Blxler, 21) 

Th« Bound Table, — 

Baskets.— No. 2.— W. O. Beckner. A Lesson from the 
Typewriter.— J, I>. Haughtelln The New Year. — Ida 
M. Helm. Our Progress for 1914. — Refus M. Reed. A 
Retrospect — J. A. Murray. Sunday-school Lesson 
for Jan. 18 22 

Home and Family, — 

The New Woman. — Kathryn Lehman. Walking with 
God— Katie Flory 23 



Notes from Our Correspondents. 

(Concluded from Page 20.) 

TENNESSEE. 

Jonesboro. — The brethren had services at the Bell school- 
house today. With Bro. Robert Hllbert In the pulpit, the 
audience was very well entertained. Jan. IS the Brethren 
will begin a series of meetings there. Bio, P. D. Reed, of 
Limestone, Tenn., ts to conduct the meetings. — N. T. Lorlmer, 
Jonesboro, Tenn.. Dec. 30. 

TEXAS. 

Manvel Church and friends met on Thanksgiving Day. Bro. 
J, A. Miller addressed us. The missionary offering was J2C.27. 
After a basket dinner at noon, a Sunday-school program was 
rendered. We met in council Dec. 19. Our elder, Bro. M. H. 
Peters, presided. Sunday-school officers were chosen, and our 
' Christian Workers' Meeting was reorganized. Two delegates, 
Brethren S. Badger and W. V. Wagoner, were chosen to rep- 
resenl us at the District Meeting. Brethren J. D. Clear and 
W. V. Wagoner were advanced to the second degree of the 
ministry.— P. Jane Badger. Manvel, Texas, Dec. 26. 



VIRGINIA. 
Green Mount. — Bio. Varner, of "West Virginia, — now a 



;tU- 



water College,— preached an able sermon at 
Mount Zlon on Christmas Day. He was also with us in our 
council at Hie same place Dec. 26. Our Sunday-school com- 
mittee having met and appointed superintendents and helpers 
for the six Sunday-schools in our congregations, these ap- 
pointments were unanimously accepted. — Katie Kliiie, Broad- 
way, Va.. Dec. 29. 

Hoanoke City.— On Thursday morning, Nov. 27. Bro. C. E. 
Trout preached an Inspiring Thanksgiving sermon for us. 
An offering was taken for charity work. The following Sun- 
day our pastor preached another stirring sermon, at the close 
of which another collection was taken for charity work. The 
whole amount raised was about 523. Bro. S. M. Ikenberry 
preached for us Dec. 14. Although the weather was very in- 
clement on Christmas Day. we enjoyed a sermon by Bro. 
Miller at t lie Lord's house. In the evening of the same day, 
at 7:30, our Sunday-school rendered an Interesting program 
to a full house, At the close of the program our superin- 
tendent gave an impressive address to the school, and also 
made a strong appeal to the parents for their cooperation 
during 19H. — Lula Shleltel, 605 Third Avenue, N.'W., Roan- 
oke, Va,, Jan. 1. 

Valley Bethel. — We met In council Dec. 20. Our Sunday- 
school was reorganized, and our Christian "Workers' Meet- 
ing organized, to begin April 5. A Temperance Committee 
was also appointed. We had services on Christmas Day. con- 
ducted by Bro, C. B. Gibbs. who delivered an interesting ser- 
mon. Bro. A. H. Miller conducted services at one of our 
preaching points on Christmas Dy. Our next council will be 
Feb. 28. — Vena S. Bussard, Bolar, Va,, Dec. 29. 

White Oak Grove Schoolhouoe. — Bro. J. A. Naff, of the An- 
tloch congregation, began a series of meetings Dec. 13 at the 
above-named place. This Is a preaching point worked jointly 
by the Bethelehem and Germantown congregations. He de- 
livered eleven inspiring sermons. The meetings were well 
attended and the Interest was good. Five were baptized." — 
E. E. Bowman. Naffs. Va., Dec. 29. 

WASHINGTON. 

Eojit Wenatches. — Our church met in council Dee. 13. Bro. 
J. J. Fllbruri presided. Our church officers were elected for 
1814. Bro. A. B. Peters was chosen elder In charge; Bro. Ed. 
Geuslnger, clerk; Bro. O. V. Sellers, treasurer; the writer, 
Messenger agent and church correspondent. We also re- 
organized our Sunday-SChool, with Bro. L. J. Sellers as super- 
intendent, and Sister Cleo Hemminger as secretary. Sister 
Rosy Duvlnson was elected president of our Christian Work- 
ers' Meeting, and Sister Iva Inks secretary. Dec. 21 we closed 
a two weeks' revival, conducted by Bro. M. F. Woods, of Cen- 
tralia. He preached the Word with much earnestness and 
power. The attendance and interest were good, Our congre- 
gation met on Christmas Day. Bro. Chas. N. Stutsman gave 
us an excellent Christmas sermon. He will begin a series' of 
meetings at our Hiawatha Valley Mission point Jan. 11. — 
Mrs. L. J. Sellers, Bast Wentachee, "Wash., Dec. 27. 

Ol yu-ip la. — We are very much in need of a minister who 
tan locate among us, — for a year or two at least. Bro. Stookey, 
our present minister, lives too far away to get here to preach 
for us on Sunday evenings. His eyesight, also. Is Impaired. 
Who will come'. 1 We have a good country, and a mild cli- 
mate. We have a good churchhouse. Any one can corre- 
spond with mo, or write to Bro. Sherman Stookey, R. D. 2, 
Olympla, Wash.— M. M. Michael, R. D. 2, Box 35, Olvmpia, 
Wash., Dec. 25. 

Siivereon. — On Christmas Day a goodly number of us met 
at the little chapel, where an appropriate program was ren- 
dered. After th>> service nearly all remained to partake of a 
basket dinner. All seemed to enjoy themselves and went home 
feeling that It was good to be there. Though we are few in 
number, we feel encouraged in the Master's work, but we 
pray that more laborers may come and help to build up the 
cause at this place. We are living in a beautiful, prosperous 
valley, and shall be glad If brethren, who are making a 
change, will give us a call, — Caddie Wagner, Laurel, Wash., 
Dec. 27. 

Sunnyilde. — Dee. 13 our church met for the last council of 
the year. We were In session from 10: 30 A. M. until about 
A P. M.. but still there was business to be finished later. The 
following Sunday morning we elected Sunday-school officers. 
Bro. Milton Oswalt is our superintendent. That evening, dur- 
ing the Christian Worker hour, we reorganized our Christian 



Workers" Society. Bro. Orrln Gregory will be our president. 
A new committee for the junior Christian Workers will be 
appointed by the new elder. Bro. S. H. Miller. Another ses- 
sion of the council Was held in the Outlook ehurchhouse Dec. 
18. We decided to have a series of meetings in the Sunnyslde 
bouse this winter, and, if possible, at the two preaching 
points. Outlook and Grand View, also. The time for the meet- 
ing lias not yet been set. On Christmas Eve our Sunday- 
school gave a short program. The weather was bad and not 
a large crowd was able to be out, but the meeting was enjoyed 
by those present. The children were given a treat at the 
close of the program. — Orpha Eby, Sunnyslde, Wash., Dec. 2C. 
Tacoma. — De*c. 21, at 11 A. M., our Sunday-school rendered 
a Christmas program. Our little mission church was well 
filled, and all seemed to enjoy the exercises. At the close of 
the services the children were remembered with a Christmas 
treat from the Sunday-school. Bro. D. B. Eby, of Sunnyslde, 
and Bro. R. A. Wise, of Wenatchee. were with us. At the 
evening service Bro. Eby gave us an excellent discourse. On 
Christmas Day we had services in the churfch at 11 A. M., 
followed by a basket dinner. Our council was held In the 
afternoon, A pleasant day was enjoyed by all. Sister Maude 
Gregory is our Sunday-school superintendent for the next 
six months. — Alice O. Rothrock. C408 Pacific Avenue. Ta- 
coma, WaBh., Dec. 31. 

WEST VIRGINIA. 

Alleghany. — We met in council Dec. 27. Our elder, Bro. J. 
T. Cosner, presided. Officers were chosen for the following 
year. Sister Stella Cosner was elected agent for the Brethren 
Publishing House, and the writer was appointed correspond- 
ent. Our members met on Thanksgiving Day for worship. 
An offering of $6 was raised for missions. — Earl C. Cosner, 
Gormanla, W. Va., Dec. 29. 

Mission Chapel. — We met In council Nov. 1. Our elder, 
Bro. B. W. Smith, of Burlington, W. Va., officiated. Bro. 
Peter Arnold, of Burlington, was also with us. The visiting 
brethren reported the members as being at peace. The church 
called Bro. A. P. Bokea from the deacon's office to the minis- 
try. Brethren Benj. Bowon and Chas. Surbaugh'were elected 
to the deacon's office. All of them accepted and were duly 
installed. We had our annual love feast In the evening. 
Forty-live surrounded the Lord's tables. Bro. Peter Arnold 
officiated at the communion service. Nov. 2 Bro. B. W. Smith 
commenced a revival at Brlghts Hollow and continued until 
the 12th, Three precious souls made the good confession. 
Two received the rite of baptism. One still awaits the rite. 
Others are seriously impressed. On the evening of Dec. S 
fourteen dear brethren and sisters met in the home of Sister 
Mary Whitacre and held aspecial love feast. Advanced age 
prevents her from attending church. — J. L. Shanholtz, Levels, 
W. Va., Dec. 25. 

Mount Zlon. — Our revival services commenced on the even- 
ing of Nov 22. Bro. J. B. Shaffer preached. The meetings 
< losed Dec. 7. The attendance and attention increased from 
the beginning. Brethren S. M. Annon and J. F. Valentine, 
our home ministers, assisted him. One accepted Christ. — J. 
M. Wells, Philippi, W. Va., Dec. 31. ' 

Packs Branch. — Bro. James A. Riner, of Braggville, came 
Dec. 19, and preached two interesting sermons for us. He is 
doing a good work here. — Mrs. E. A. Bowles, Packs Branch, 
W. Va., Dec. 31. 

NOTES NOT CLASSIFIED. 

Laporte church began a successful series of meetings Dec. 
7, which continued until Dec. 28, conducted by Eld. J. H. 
Flke. Much interest was manifested. The attendance and 
attention were above the ordinary. Nine were baptized and 
two reclaimed. Sunday-school officers and teachers fqr the 
coming year were installed by Eld. Fike, at the forenoon 
service Dec. 2S. — Rachel C. Merchant, R. D. 9, Box' 126, La- 
porte, Ind., Dec. 29. 

Iiordsburg. — In the afternoon of Dec. 23 the primary de- 
partment of our Sunday-school rendered a Christmas pro- 
gram. In the evening of Dec. 28 the Loyal Workers and Ex- 
celsior classes rendered a very appropriate program. At the 
opening of this service a very interesting letter from our 
missionaries (Brother and Sister Vaniman) in China was 
read by our elder, Bro. W. F. England. Eld. Andrew Hutchi- 
son is expected to preach for us this evening and tomorrow. — 
Grace Hlleman Miller, Lordsburg, Cal., Dec. 30. 

Austin. — Bro. C. P. Rowland, of Lanark, 111., began preach- 
ing here Oct. 6, The meetings closed Oct. 20 with a love 
feast. Our aged brother labored earnestly for two weeks. 
Tliree were baptized. One sister was reclaimed. The best 
of order prevailed. Brother and Sister Price, of Wynne. Ark., 
rilled the regular appointment Dec. 20. At 2:30 P. M. the 
members assembled in council, with Bro. Price presiding. 
This was the regular time for the election of both church and 
Sunday-school officers. Bro. W. L. Woodiel was chosen Sun- 
day-school .superintendent; Bro. Junius Woodiel, secretary- 
treasurer; the writer, clerk; Sisters Nettle and Nellie Mn^s, 
solicitors; Bro. Robert Woodiel, correspondent. It was the 
purpose of Brother and Sister Price to conduct meetings for 
us during Christmas week, but on account of unfavorable 
weather only a few meetings were held. Both Brother and 
Sister Price gave us Inspiring talks. One was reclaimed. — 
(Mrs.) Josie Woodiel, Austin, Ark., Dec. 31. 

Sacramento Valley. — Our congregation met in council Dec. 
23, at 7:30 P. M. Eld. Jesse Overholtzer presided. He was 
reelected as our elder, with Bro. W. E. Whitcher. of Stony 
Fork (In this congregation), assistant; the writer, Messenger 
ugent, correspondent and also superintendent of the Sunday- 
school; Sister Celia Custer, church clerk. One trustee was 
elected. Our Christian Worker Society Committee was re- 
elected for the coming six months, with the writer as presi- 
dent. Brethren Landon Custer and J. A. Calvert are secretary 
and treasurer, respectively. Sister Ruth Overholtzer was re- 
elected Sunday-school secretary and treasurer. — Ray Shively, 
Glenn, Cal.. Dec, 31. 

Bremen — Our church met In council Dec. 27. Our elder, 
Bro. Daniel Wysong, presided. One letter of membership was 
granted, and two were received. Officers were elected for the 
coming year. Bro. Levi Bollman was chosen superintendent, 
and Sister Eva Kauffman, secretary of the Sunday-school. 
Sister Etta Hoke was elected president of our Christian Work- 
ers' Meeting. — Ella Kauffman. Bremen, Ind., Dec. 29. 

Lamed — Dec. 7 Bro. George R. Eller, of Quinter. Kans., 
began a two weeks' series of meetings. He preached the Word 
with power. The interest was good. Dec. 21 we held our 
regular council. Th'e usual business came before the meet- 
ing. Bro. D. M. Eller was elected president of our Christian 
Workers' Meeting. We solicited J16.77 for home mission work. 
Our Sunday-school will give a Christmas program on the 
tvining of Dec. 25. — .Ethel Bowser, Lamed, Kans., Dec. 24. 

Bel River.-— Our series of meetings, conducted by Bro. A. C. 
Young, of the West Manchester church, closed on the evening 
of Dec. 21. He preached twenty-three Inspiring sermons. On 
Christmas morning Bro. Young gave an interesting talk to 
the children. — Lizzie Wolfe. Claypool, Ind., Dec. 31. 

Chico church met in council Dec. 27, with Bro. J. Harman 
Stover presiding. One letter was granted. Church officers 
were elected for 1914. Bro. Thomas Kline was chosen clerk; 
Bro. Stover, president of our prayer meeting; Bro. J, C. 
Wright, church correspondent and Messenger agent. Sunday- 
school officers for the next six months were elected, with the 
writer and Bro. J. C. Wright as superintendents. Bro. Vernon 
Brown is secretary-treasurer. Sister Helen Horngren is presi- 
dent of our Christian Workers' Meeting. — Anna Kline, R. D. 
2, Box 42. Chico, Cal., Dec. 31. 

Buck Creek. — Our regular council was held Dec. 13. Eld. 
L. L. Teeter presided. Our spring love feast will be held 



May 9, at 6: 30 P. M. Our fall love feast. Oct 3. at 10: 30 A. 
M. Sunday-school officers were elected, with Bro. Sherman 
Cross as superintendent, and Sister Leta Brown as secretary. 
Sister Mary Burgess is superintendent of the home depart- 
ment. Since our last report one sister was baptized. — Nettie 
Brown, Btountsville, Ind.. Dec. 29. 

Oak Grove church met In council Dec. 27. Our elder. Bro. 
D. R. Holsinger. presided. We elected our Sunday-school 
officers for another year. Bro. Chas. Brabb was chosen again 
as our superintendent, and Sister Lyla Fike as secretary. One 
letter was granted. Our series of meetings, conducted recent- 
ly by Bro. W. F. England, of Lordsburg, Cal., was well at- 
tended, and all were strengthened by them. One young man 
has been taken Into the church by baptism, and another appli- 
cant awaits the rite. — Rilla A. Vaughn, R. D. 3. Laton, Cal., 
Dec. 30. 



NOTICE TO GENERAL COMMITTEES. 
Notice is hereby given by the undersigned " Committee 
on Program " for the Annual Meeting of 1914, to the dif- 
ferent general committees of the church, to confer with 
them relative to time or any matter that may need atten- 
tion in the arrangement of the work of this meeting. 
M. F. Woods, Chairman. 
E. S. Gregory, Vice Chairman. 
A. D. Bowman, Secretary. 



The Pilgrim's Progress 

By John Banyan. 

Have you read 'Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress? 
Every man, woman and child should read it. Next 
to the Bible it Is one of 
the books of greatest re- 
ligious value to the read- 
er. It is also the most 
widely read book extant, 
excepting the Bible. No 
home library Is complete 
without a copy of this 
book. It is one of ' the 
first books that should be 
read by boys and girls. 
The impressions it makes 
are not only lasting but 
such as will help one to 
shun the evil and press on 
toward the goal of right 
living. 

This Is the Puritan Edi- 
tion, in the preparation of 
Which special attention 
has been paid to revision 
of the text, and a restora- 
tion as nearly as possible to the text which had 
received Bunyan's latest corrections and additions. 

The edition now presented to readers of every 
class contains the text as It stood when Bunyan 
died. The proofs of this book have been very care- 
fully compared with copies of the first, second, third, 
aud eleventh editions in the library of the British 
Museum. The eleventh edition .appeared In the 
year when Bunyan died. It doubtless contains its 
latest corrections. 

One very helpful feature in this edition not found 
in others Is the running index on the page margins. 
By means of it one can readily find any particular 
subject treated In the book. 

120 pages, fully illustrated, with full page pictures. 
Bound In cloth, the title embossed in white on the 
back and front cover. Price 60 cents per copy. 

BRETHREN PUBLISHING HOUSE 
Elgin, Illinois 




Peloubet's Select Notes 

on the 

International Lessons 

for 1914 

By Rev. F. N. Peloubet, D. D. 
Prof. Amos R. Wells, Litt. D., LL. D. 

If you have used this excellent help heretofore 
you will surely want it again, for this year. If 
you have not enjoyed the benefits to be derived 
from its use in the study and teaching of the 
Sunday-school Lessons you should get a copy 
at once, and learn its superior worth to a Bible 
student or teacher. It is a basis for teaching all 
grades in the Sunday-school, with all that can 
aid the teacher in his own study and in teaching, 
such as Broad Views of the History, making 
One Consecutive Story. About eight pages are 
devoted to each lesson, giving explanations of 
the text, suggestive illustrations, and light from 
many sources; practical suggestions, methods of 
teaching, maps, pictures, C. A. Harmony of the 
Life of Christ, a Chart of the Life of Christ, 
Chronological Table, and applications to the 
needs of today. 

The Volume contains four full-page, half-tone 
pictures and over 100 illustrations in the text. 

The frontispiece is a beautiful picture of a scene 
on the Seashore at Capernaum and the Sea of 
Galilee. 

The comments, throughout, are full, and prac- 
tical, making it an exceedingl}' helpful work for 
teachers or students. Price, prepaid, $1.10. 
BRETHREN PUBLISHING HOUSE 
Elgin, 111. 



The Gospel Messenger 



"SET FOR THE DEFENSE OF THE GOSPEL."— Philpp. 1: 17. 



Vol. 63. 



Elgin, 111., January 17, 1914. 



No. 3. 



AROUND THE WORLD 



The Gifts to Charity in 1913. 
According to figures submitted by the " Chicago Trib- 
une," the donations to philanthropic, charitable and re- 
ligious purposes during 19J3 were seventy millions less 
than in 1912. The total for the latter year was $241,821,719, 
while for 1913 they were $169,841,442. It should be remem- 
bered, however, that, as suggested by the compiler, these 
figures do not show all the funds actually given, but only 
those of which public announcement was made. Of the 
amount for 1913, referred to above, $21,232,300 was given 
for distinctively religious work, affording ample reason 
for encouragement, though one might well wish that the 
sum so appropriated had been a relatively larger por- 
tion of the total amount -donated. 



not, therefore, be expected until true liberty, found only 
through Jesus Christ, has changed the hearts of tin peo- 
ple and inspired higher ideals. Where the Spirit of the 
Lord is, there is liberty/'— liberty from* Hie bondage "I 
sin and all that hinders real development. 



The Nation's Wreckage. 

A discordant note in the general prosperity and prog- 
ress of our country is struck by the startling figures re- 
luting to crime. It may be a surprise to most of our read- 
ers that the annual cost of maintaining our jails and our 
police is $1,373,000,000 or a tax of about $15 for every man, 
woman and child in the country. Nearly five times as 
many crimes are committed today, as there were twenty 
years ago. Every day, throughout our land, thirty mur- 
ders are committed, making a total of over 10.000 a year. 
What a record for this, the greatest nation upon the globe! 
Should not the forces of righteousness, "with renewed en- 
ergy, wage a warfare against sin of every form? Should 
not the Gospel, in all its power, be made so attractive, that 
men will accept it as the best protection against sin's al- 
lurements? 

A National Menace. 

Confronted by the astounding fact that 400,000 pounds 
of opium are annually imported into this country, physi- 
cians are becoming alarmed at the growing use of the. 
drug. We are now second only to China, in the quantity 
used. Less than fifteen per cent of all we import is used 
medicinally. Negroes of the South are especially ad- 
dicted to the opium habit, and in many sections the lower 
classes of both colored and white are becoming so largely 
demoralized thereby as to cause general alarm. Social 
workers in the slum districts of America's leading cities 
report that even the children of the poor and illiterate are 
given to the use of the fatal drug. Many cases of juve- 
nile delinquency are clearly traceable to opium. It would 
seem that there is great need of a more thorough war- 
fare against this drug, lest it become as firmly entrenched 
among us "as the liquor habit. 



The Nation's Child Labor Day. 

In recognition of the inalienable right of the child to 
the best possible training, — mental, moral and spiritual, — 
the National Child Labor Committee has designated Jan. 
25 as Child Labor Day. On that day ministers of the va- 
rious churches throughout the land are to speak of the 
evils attending the employment of children in industrial 
pursuits while not sufficiently developed, physically, for 
the arduous tasks demanded by their employers. Fre- 
quently the tenderest impulses of childhood, as well as 
bodily vigor, are utterly crushed for the sake of the pit- 
tance these little ones are able to earn. While country 
districts may not as urgently feel the need of such a dis- 
cussion of child labor, it might not be amiss carefully to 
consider the subject and to note in what way we may help 
to bring deliverance to the many little ones in our indus- 
trial centers, who are forced to labor beyond their strength 

and years. 

Mexico's Troubled Condition. 

Many, in reading about the turmoils that for some 
years have disturbed our neighbor to the southwest, have 
failed to grasp the underlying causes. The leading source 
of trouble is found in the fact that the common people 
have been steadily wronged for generations. The people 
of wealth and power have been given special privileges, and 
have not been slow to exploit the laboring class in every 
way possible. The common workers, known as "peons," 
have been maltreated, and maligned as being ignorant, 
lazy and seditious. Such a state was to be expected, when 
nothing was ever done to develop their efficiency and their 
real, self-governing capacity. Dictators have fleeced them 
unceremoniously, and for adequate compensation have al- 
lowed capitalists to exploit the peon as they saw fit. Rev- 
olutions have always been 'the result of not giving the 
masses a square deal and of not educating them in the 
highest ideals of self-government. Mexico's real uplift can 



" No One Liveth Unto Himself." 
While it was thought that, by a reduction of the tariff, 
much good would accrue to the individual citizen of our 
republic, in the way of a lower cost of Iwing, there lias 
not been, so far, any remarkable change, such as was 
promised or desired. On the other hand, however, there 
has been a most decided advance in the cost of food sup- 
plies in other countries, by reason of the lowered tariff 
rates of our nation. Canada prices have advanced by rea- 
son of the heavy purchases of dealers for United States 
markets. Great Britain realizes that the importation of 
meat from Argentina, Australia and New Zealand, into 
various parts of the United States, will permanently ad- 
vance prices in her home markets. Norway, Sweden, Hol- 
land and Denmark expect higher prices for dairy products 
because of their extensive sales in the United States. More 
and more we note that, as in the case of individuals, no 
nation "can live unto itself." Each affects the other for 

weal or woe. 

German Excavations at Jericho, 
In connection with our recent Sunday-school lesson, 
concerning the overthrow of Jericho's walls, the following 
may be of interest: Mr. P. S. P. Handcock, during a re- 
cent lecture in the British Museum in London, threw up- 
on the screen a considerable portion of the ancient wall of 
Jericho, — as he alleged, — but which, according to the Book 
of Joshua, "fell down fiat" at the sound of the trum- 
pet and the shouts of the people. German excavators, in 
rebuttal of the above claim, have evidence at hand that ab- 
solutely confirms the biblical story. Ancient Canaauitisli 
pottery, it seems, has been unearthed together with vessels 
of Israelitish manufacture, at the very place where the 
foundations of the walls of ancient Jericho are clearly 
traceable. The wall shown in Mr. Handcock's picture is 
evidently of a later date. — the rebuilt Jericho, — and no such 
relics of early pottery are found in its vicinity. Again the 
truth of the Bible narrative has been verified by the exca- 
vator's spade. 

Man's Degradation No Secret. 
We are assured by Mr. F, C. Bostock, the celebrated 
trainer of wild animals, that in some curious, incomprehen- 
sible way, wild animals know instinctively whether men 
are addicted to bad habits. Just how, is one nf the prob- 
lems beyond finite understanding. Mr. Bostock maintains 
that for those who arc in the least inclined to drink, to 
live a loose life, etc., the wild animal has neither fear nor 
respect. If a man has begun to take just a little, or has 
deviated from the straight and narrow road, the animals 
discover it long before his fellow-men do. Absolute per- 
sonal integrity would seem io be the first requisite for 
the man who would get the confidence and control of ani- 
mals. The quality in the trainer, which dominates the 
animal nature within himself, is precisely the quality 
which dominates the animal he trains. If he yields to the 
brute within him, — no matter how little, — his perfect poise 
and mastery are gone, and the keen instinct of the wild 
beast recognizes this instantly. 



Sharing Profits with Workers. 
Intense interest lias been aroused throughout the United 
States, and even in foreign, lands, by the decision of the 
Ford Motor Company, Detroit, Mich,, to devote a fund of 
$10,000,000 toward increasing the income of its employes, 
besides shortening p their working hours. Mr. Ford ex- 
plains his somewhat unusual procedure by acknowledging 
that there has been too great a gap between capita! and 
the earnings of labor, — that the workers who have so stren- 
uously aided in building up his huge industrial institution 
ought to share its great profits. While few business con- 
cerns may be enabled to emulate the generosity of De- 
troit's wealthy manufacturer, there is, nevertheless, a hint 
in his proposed plan that may point out the way towards 
greater industrial contentment. And as such it is already 
being regarded, judging by the echoes from the indus- 
trial world, as they are wafted to our shores from various 
points of Europe. It is well to do business on " Golden 
Rule " principles, but let us not forget to apply that ex- 
alted standard to all the relations of life, permitting love' 
to be the ruling motive in all we do. A realization of our 
partnership with God in the great work of world better- 
ment, will bring us nearer the era of applied Christianity, 
which, in the life of every Christian, constitutes the vital 
essence and fruitage of his profession. 



Holland Alarmed by Picture Show Evils. 
That many of the children take the first steps in wrong- 
doing by stealing money, to enable them to attend the film 
theaters, has been ascertained by the judge of the Juve- 
nile Court of Amsterdam, Holland. His records show that 
seventy per cent of the 500 delinquent boys in his charge 
admitted that they began to steal in order to be able to 
attend the moving picture exhibitions. Close questioning 
by the judge brought out the fact that scenes depicting 
murder, arson, theft and the like are most alluring to the 
juvenile mind. Schoolmen and religious workers have 
joined forces in a genera* protest against the deceptive 
and morally pernicious scenes that can not but debase the 
rising generation. A strict censorship of all picture films 
has been asked for, and will likely be granted. A like 
procedure, controlling moving picture exhibitions in this 
country, should be insisted upon everywhere, and en- 
forced to the very letter. 

Baneful Heredity. 
It may not be out of place, during the present agitation 
in behalf of eugenic marriages, to refer to Dr. Henry H. 
Goddard's investigations of the history of a notorious 
New York family whose real name, while known, he sup- 
presses. The first member of the family came from good 
English ancestry, but he became the father of a son who, 
like his mother, was feeble-minded. This son, though he 
married a mentally normal woman, had five children, to- 
tally irresponsible and vicious. Following the record of 
the family to the present, the tendency to imbecility and 
moral decay is clearly discernible. Practically all descend- 
ants, — 480 in all, — proved to be defective in some partic- 
ular, and became charges of various charitable or penal 
institutions at great expense to the States in question. It 
would seem that too much care can not be exercised in 
the all-important matter of fitness for marriage, — a true 
union, productive of the best results, 



A Prosperous Year. 

The year 1913 will long be remembered because nf its 
droughts and other drawbacks, and it was hardly expected 
to make as favorable a showing as, according to the Sec- 
retary of Agriculture, it has really made. It is described 
in his report as "the most successful year of husbandry in 
United States history," so far as the actual figures are 
concerned. The value of the 1913 crops,— $6,100,000,000,— 
is twice as great as the total reported for 1899, more than 
a billion dollars over 1909, and considerably greater than 
1912. Numerically, there has been a large increase of 
farms since 1910, — fully eleven per cent, — which makes the 
total number about 6,600,000. That, in spite of the favor- 
able showing, there has been no abatement in the much- 
discussed high cost of living, is ascribed to the middle- 
men who, while paying only a moderate price to the pro- 
ducer, often exact exorbitant prices from the ultimate 
consumer. While the Lord is unstinted in his blessings, — 
graciously providing an abundance for all, — man's greed 
often looks to his own advantage, rather than the good 

of others. 

The Transformation of India. 

Christianity has a vision of world-wide conquest, but 
nowhere is there a promise so gloriously radiant as among 
India's 300,000,000 people. Intensely devoted to the re- 
ligious cults to which their ancestors have so tenaciously 
clung, they are equally loyal to the teachings of Christ 
when these are accepted and made a part of their very 
lives. Mr. Harold Begbie, who has made the people of 
India a special study, and therefore talks authoritatively, 
declares that they, when brought to the truth, "have, per- 
haps, the deepest, most tender, most spiritual form of 
Christianity known among men." He tells us that the 
mind of India is moving away from the dark superstitions, 
the age-old customs, and the tyrannical traditions of the 
past, and that a new day of untold possibilities is about 
to dawn upon the people. Evidently " the leaven of Christ" 
is at work. The spirit of the world's Redeemer is moving 
upon the dark and stagnant waters of heathenism by the 
simple kindness and loving charity of consecrated Chris- 
tian people, and, as of old. God has not failed to germi- 
nate the seed thus sown. For long ages, millions of peo- 
ple in India have been content to know themselves as "un- 
touchables," — outcastes, pariahs. Patiently they have 
borne the exacting tyranny of the Brahmin, paying heavy 
tribute to the oppressor, and submitting, in various ways, 
to the galling bondage. When, however, the light of the 
Gospel suggested higher ideals, there was a ready accept- 
ance on the part of many, and today we see the transfor- 
mation, wrought by love, that is bright with the promise 
of redemption through Christ. 



34 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 17, 1914. 



ESSAYS 



When I Have Time. 

SELECTED BY MARY V. HARSHBARGER. 

[I do not know who wrote thoxe beautiful verges, Hint ^lv 
us buny women bo needful a hint, but they have brought m 
a tender warning, anil ic- I pass Uiem on to the i.-.i.i. i 
this page.— M. V. H.] 

When I have time, so many things I'll do. 
To make this world more 'happy and more fair 
For those whose lives are crowded now with care; 
I'll help to lift them from their low despair 

When I have time. 

When I have time, kind words and loving smile 
I'll give to those whose pathway runs through tears, 
Who see no joy in all the coming years; 
In many ways their weary lives I'll cheer, 
. When I have time. 

When I have time, the friend I love so well, 
Shall know no more these weary, toiling days; 
I'll lead her feet in pleasant paths always, 
And cheer her heart with words of sweetest praise, 

When I have time. 

When yuu have time, the friend you love so dear 
May be beyond the reach ol your intent — 
May never know that you so kindly meant 
To fill her dreary life with sweet content, 

When you had time. 

Now is the timel Ah friend, no longer wait. 
To scatter loving smiles and words of cheer, 
To those around, whose lives arc now so drear, 
They may not need you in the coming year, 

Now is the time. 



Faithful Sowing and Patient Waiting. 

BY P. R. KELTNER. 

There are no two characteristics more needed by 
a minister or Christian worker, and which, if pos- 
sessed, will bring to him larger results, than these two, 
prominent in my subject. Because of a lack of these 
we often fail. The Apostle James says, " Behold, the 
husbandman waiteth for the precious fruit of the 
earth, and hath long patience for it, until he receive 
the early and latter rain" (James 5: 7). We can 
not all have great eloquence and such like gifts as are 
possessed by the few, but it is possible for each ol 
us to cultivate the doing of God's will, sowing good 
seeds in our own way, and then to exercise that 
faithful and trustful patience in his promises, rever- 
ently to wait and believe that he will bring the harvest 
in his own time, for our sowing. 

God so often, in his Word, has taught us that he 
has his own time for the harvest. Often, to his peo- 
ple, it seemed long in coming, but it always came, and 
in time to accomplish the most good. It is hard to 
say by what class of workers these qualities are the 
most needed. It may be, because of the place in which 
the writer has been trying to work for years, that he 
feels that the minister and missionary worker sta- 
tioned in new fields, is especially needing these graces. 
His work is not only of an unusual kind, but his sur- 
roundings are so varied, and the conditions so dif- 
ferent from the long worked field, that he should 
both labor and pray to be able to exercise these most 
needful attainments. It seems true, that too often 
we are eager for the harvest time, even before we 
have done the sowing and waiting. We are too much 
disposed to think that the slightest sowing is sufficient, 
whereas the Lord would have us know that often it 
takes long years to get the soil mellowed, and even 
ready for the seed, aside from the patient waiting 
needed for it to grow. This is especially true in new 
fields where our doctrine is not known, and among 
people who have been slack in religious duties. 

It also seems true, that too often, in our eagerness, 
we force the harvest before its time. As evangelists 
and workers, we may urge church membership too 
strongly before proper teaching has been done and 
Bible repentance has taken place. This* is a most 
unfortunate condition. It is not God's way of work- 
ing and always brings trouble and disappointment. 
And, too, it must be displeasing to God, for it would 
change his way of making saints out of sinners. All 



efforts made to urge church membership upon peo- 
ple should be preceded with at least a corresponding 
amount of sowing. Jesus commanded his disciples 
to go into all the world and teach the nations. 

When I was a boy I was very much interested in the 
incoming seasons. When spring came, and we were 
preparing the ground for the seed sowing, I felt that 
we should get .the seed into the ground as soon as 
possible. The much pulverizing beforehand did not 
appeal to me. Then, after the sowing, I eagerly await- 
ed the growth and coming harvest. It seemed to me 
that father could have gone to work with reaping, 
many days before he did. He waited until the heads 
were golden, and the grain was thoroughly matured. 
I learned later, by experience, that this was wise. Had 
he gone to reaping, at my direction, the crop would 
have been spoiled. 

This is decidedly true of spiritual things. " Faith- 
ful sowing" includes getting things ready for the 
sowing, preparing the soil for the seed. This, of 
necessity, often takes much faithful work on the part 

of the worker, — sometimes more, sometimes less, 

but it is all to be done, whether much or little, with 
implicit faith in the final results. Mere formalities 
in spiritual things, without an abiding confidence in 
results, will be of no avail. The workman in the new 
field is like the plowman in the virgin soil. By faith 
he sees the rolling prairies or wooded forests con- 
verted into fruitful fields. This is his ideal, and to 
this end he works and waits. Many a good field has 
been harmed, if not ruined, by workers thinking their 
chief aim or purpose was to gather in the sheaves, 
forgetting that long, earnest and faithful years should 
perhaps be spent in the sowing. Our chief duty is to 
sow. The harvest will come if the sowing is properly 
done, and with it, its joys of fruiting. 

But the sowing time and the waiting time are so 
varied in their duties and responsibilities ! It deserves 
the best Christian living we may give to God,— the 
careful and prayerful study of his Word. Then this 
particular field, with its conditions and needs, should 
receive our best endeavor. We may fail in faithful 
sowing or inpatient waiting. We must do our best 
to be real Christian men and women. We must prove 
to the people, by our life and conduct, that we are 
Spirit-filled and Spirit-led. It will not be enough for 
us to be good teachers in the Sunday-school, or good 
expositors of his Word on the Lord's Day. Our lives 
are sure to be watched on Monday and Tuesday, and 
made the standard of the people's judgment, rather 
than what other qualities we may possess. The peo- 
ple's needs, both spiritual and temporal, should re- 
ceive our most earnest sympathy and tender care, for 
it is here that they are sure to look. God help us,— 
we who are in such fields,— that this may be true of 



Another quality for the worker is most needful. 
He should be ever hopeful for the harvest. As a 
father should impress his children with his hopeful- 
ness regarding their lives, so the minister must im- 
press the people, with whom he labors, that he is ex- 
pecting the most encouraging thing from them all. 
We never can make the boy a good man by making 
him believe we have doubts in him. We never will 
be able to rally the people to our cause, until we have 
made them know we are their friends, that they can 
be of great service in our work, and that we believe 
they will come to our aid. This, it seems to me, is 
James 5 : 7, applied. 

Freeport, III. 



awaits them here. Pray for them and the new mis- 
sionaries in all countries. 

We are sorry that we can not report any improve- 
ment in the condition of Bro. Heisey. He has been 
away from his station and work now for over four 
months and under the care of two different doctors, 
but instead of his condition improving he seems to 
be getting worse. 'He is weaker than he was, and 
both doctors advise his going to America, as there is 
no hope for his recovery herf. He has no strength 
to do any work. The climate, torrid heat, or some- 
thing, has so weakened him and affected his heart and 
nerves that I fear we will have to send him to America 
soon. We wish to consult with Brethren Early and 
Royer when they come. Very sorry, indeed, to have 
to write this, but we know no other way. 

This forenoon the boys killed a cobra in our front 
yard. When it was wounded it showed up its hood 
to perfection. It was about three feet long. It is a 
surprise to us to find this snake right in the midst 
of the community. In the same way sin many times 
finds its way into a community,— yes, full-grown sin, 
—before it is detected. I write from experience, and 
pray that we may be saved from the repetition of some 
experiences which occasionally we have in our church- 
work. 

The first year's work in the Bible School is finished, 
and the students are leaving to labor elsewhere for 
the next six months. They studied faithfully to the 
end. The examination was held Nov. 28 and 29, con- 
ducted by Brethren Stover and Long and Sister Alice 
Ebey. The result has not yet been made known, but 
it is to be hoped that nearly all have passed. 

The Field Committee will hold its last meeting of 
the year at Vyara Dec. 16 and 17. There is always 
much business for the last meeting, such as closing 
up accounts, transferring workers, revising their 
wages, etc. Bro. Lichty has grown so strong already 
that he is planning to be present. We rejoice in his 
recovery. 

This year two of our boys finished their work credit- 
.ably in the Male Training College. One took a prize 
of $4 in drawing. We are glad when our children do 
well and prepare for the Lord's service. 

Ours is not the only mission in which there is a 
scarcity of workers. The oldest mission in this field, 
the Irish Presbyterian, must close two stations this 
year, because a few of their 'men are going on fur- 
lough. They have had just one new man come out 
for some twelve years. The work before us is still 
great. We hope the church at home will not grow 
weary in well doing. The field is large and needy. 
Let us press forward without delay. 

Tonight a few of us go to Bombay to meet the new 
missionaries. Dr. Cottrell's are to live here, so today 
we rearranged the bungalow so as to accommodate 
them. Three families in one bungalow crowd things • 
a good deal, but we enjoy living together. Next year 
we hope to build another bungalow. We had tried to 
rent one for a while, but could not find a suitable one, 
so we decided to shift and save that money. 
Dec. 6, 1913. 



The Work at Bulsar, India. 

BY J. M. BLOUGH. 

Tomorrow evening the new missionaries are ex- 
pected to land in Bombay. They are a few days late. 
It does seem as if we needed mission doctors, for 
within the last month a half dozen of our missionaries 
have been sick. Of course, it is the fever season of 
the year. Sister Holsopple is in the Bombay Hospital 
but will be out in a few days. She had malaria. How 
eager we are to have the new workers from America! 
We only wish the number were greater. Hope these 
may be strong in every way for the new life which 



Offences. 

BY S. Z. SHARP. 
" The stone which the builders rejected, the same was 
made the head of the corner" (Matt. 21: 42), 
"a stone of stumbling and a rock of offence" (Rom. 9: 

"Give no offence, either to Jews or Greeks or to the 
church of God" (1 Cor. 10: 32). 

Offence means to vex or annoy or to put an occa- 
sion of stumbling in another's way. 

The first text states that God himself placed a rock 
of offence in Zion among the Jews ; the second com- 
mands that no offence should be given to the Tews 
This seeming contradiction easily can be reconciled 
by noticing that there are two kinds of offences, de- 
pending on the purpose for which the offence is given 
and the manner in which it is received. 

Good men may perform acts for the purpose of do- 
ing good, and evil men be offended, as were the lews 
at Christ, and evil men may do that which will offend 
the righteous, as in the case of the inhabitants of 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 17, 1914. 



35 



Sodom, who vexed the soul of righteous Lot. Christ 
offended the Jews by the doctrine he preached and 
the good deeds lie performed. Such offences are un- 
avoidable and not prohibited. Stephen greatly of- 
fended the Jews when he told them they always re- 
sisted the Holy Spirit, as did their fathers who per- 
secuted the prophets and put to death those who 
showed the coming of the righteous One. This so 
offended the Jews that they stoned Stephen to death. 
The priests and the Sadducees were sorely of- 
fended because Peter and John " taught the people 
and proclaimed in Jesus the resurrection from the 
dead," and because they had restored a man who was 
lame from his birth. In like manner were they offend- 
ed at Paul when he told them that the Lord Jesus had 
appeared unto him and said, " I will send thee forth 
far hence among the Gentiles." So it was, and shall 
ever be, that when the true followers of Christ preach 
the truth, evil men will stumble at it and be offended. 
This is one kind of offences and must not be avoided. 
If we obey God, and do what is right, and any one 
becomes offended we are not responsible. 

Now comes a different kind of offences. " Give no 
offence, either to Jews or Greeks or the church of 
God." How are we to understand this? We may 
know what the inspired writer had in his mind when 
we read the context. He was giving directions what to 
do if one who is not a believer bid us to a feast and 
we are disposed to go; we should eat what is set be- 
fore us, asking no questions, but give God thanks. 
" But if any man say unto you, This hath been of- 
fered in sacrifice, eat not, for his sake . . . and for con- 
science' sake." "Whether therefore ye eat, or drink, 
or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God." Then 
comes the text above quoted, and means, " Do not eat 
anything sacrificed to idols, for the sake of the Jews, 
and if you can not eat with the Greeks what is set 
before you, better stay away; neither should you do 
anything that would cause a weak brother to stumble 
or be offended." Hence Paul says. " I will eat no more 
meat for evermore, that I cause not my brother to stum- 
ble." This explains the principle involved. The sense 
is that we should not do things that would be offen- 
sive to a brother, when we can get along without it. 
For a brother to come to church in his bare feet, or 
a sister with bare arms, when they have the means to 
cover their naked members, is a violation of this 
Gospel. It gives offence. If a brother says, "'I can 
take a drink or a chew of tobacco, or smoke a cigar," 
or a sister says, "I can wear a bit of jewelry and it 
doesn't hurt me," it is all a great mistake. It is a 
plain violation of this Gospel. It hurts the cause of 
Christ and gives offence to his members. 

Offences may take place within one's own soul, as 
the lust of the eye. " If thine eye offend thee, pluck 
it out and cast i't from thee. It is profitable for thee 
that one of thy members perish, and not thy whole 
body be cast into hell." -This doubtless is a figurative 
expression and means the lust which is fed through 
the eye. The eye without the will behind it can not 
sin. If the lust in the heart or affections is subdued 
or plucked out, the. eye can do no harm. 

Again we have this injunction: "Now I beseech 
you, brethren, mark them that are causing the divis- 
ions and occasions of stumbling, contrary to the doc- 
trine which ye learned: and turn away from them. 
For they that are such serve not our Lord Christ." 
We can not think of any to whom this scripture ap- 
plies better than to the Russellites and the Millennial 
Dawn. Are they not teaching " contrary to the doc- 
trine which we have learned " ? And are they not 
causing divisions among all Protestant denominations? 
The New Testament plainly teaches not to be " car- 
ried about with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight 
of men, in craftiness, after the wiles of error." These 
men cause offences and give occasions of stumbling. 
" It must needs be that offences come, but woe unto 
that man by whom the offence cometh." This does 
not mean that offences are essential, but because of the 
depravity of man's heart and the depraved condition 
of human society, offences are natural results, but 
this does not excuse any one who causes offences. The 
Lord says, " My grace is sufficient for you." Man 
is a free agent. He can choose evil or let it alone. He 



is commanded to " crucify the flesh with all the lusts 
thereof." Terrible is the result if he will not. It 
were better that a millstone be tied to a man's neck 
and he be cast into the depth of the sea than that he 
should offend one of Christ's dear ones, or cause him 
to stumble. 

In this same connection Christ gives directions how 
to treat a brother or sister who has offended us (Matt. 
IS: 15-18). The design is that if any one offends us 
or does us wrong, we should go to him and try to re- 
store him in the spirit of meekness, for Christ came 
, to save that which went astray. Instead of follow Jul; 
Christ's command, we are apt to tell others how our 
brother offended us, and when we go to him privately, 
or with others, we try to make him feel how much he 
has injured us; and if we can not make him see it 
we bring him before the church and make him con- 
fess his fault, or punish him in some way. All this is 




A Brethren meetinghouse, live miles east of Bustle, Flo., 
where Bro. Moore preached the first Sunday ln_< spent In 
Florida. The shrub In front Is an oleander, and blooms 
practically all the year round. 



wrong and contrary to the Word and Spirit of Christ. 
We believe more difficulties are brought into the 
church by not following the rules given in Matt. 18 
than in any other way. We know of churches which 
have been disorganized and destroyed because they 
did not settle their difficulties according to instruc- 
tions given in Matt. 18. 
Frtiita, Colo, 



Changing Scenes at Jalalpor, India. 

BY SADIE J. MILLER. 

At this place things sometimes get confused. The 
cause is apparent. Our postoffice address is Jalalpor, 
in English territory, whereas the station, where we 
take the train, is Navsari, and in native territory. The 
difficulties usually come when parcels are sent by rail- 
way to go to Jalalpor, which should be Navsari. We 
have no better railway facilities in any of our mission 
stations than those afforded from Navsari, for we can 
get a train, north or south, most any time of the day. 
This serves as a treat to those of us who have lived in 
jungle stations, away from the railway, most of our 
career in India. 

Tuesday of this week was a big day to the mission 
family, because our five new missionaries landed at 
their several stations. Sister Quinter and myself had 
the rare privilege of going to Bulsar to witness the 
welcome given them. The Bulsar students are so clev- 
er as to have a different program arranged each time 
when a welcome is to be extended to newcomers. It 
is interesting to see how well they do it, and those who 
participate always have their part well learned, and 
act it properly. 

Ever since our Widows' Home was started here, 
l Sister Quinter has had charge of it, except the year 



when she was home on furlough. For some months 
she has been a quiet sufferer. She has arranged to go, 
in January, to the Irish Mission Hospital, in Anand, 
for an operation. It may be very critical, and we feel 
much concern for her. Some of her friends thought 
she should go to America for it, but she is perfectly 
satisfied to trust herself to the doctors here, and is con- 
fident all will be well. Her spirit of trust is beautiful, 
and the entire mission family has been in prayer for 
her that she may have strength and endurance and may 
speedily be restored to health. May the Messenger 
readers join with us in this petition! 

" Whether one member suffereth, all the members 
suffer with it," is specially true of our mission family. 
We are always greatly concerned when one of our 
number becomes ill, and this year there has been more 
sickness than usual. We are glad to state that Sister 
Emmert continues to gain strength, though slowly. 
Her suffering is not nearly as severe as it was several 
months ago, and she is able to care for her children 
which, of course, is a great joy to her. 

Last week a nice supply of scrapbooks was received 
here, coming from friends at home, to Sister Emmert. 
Wc are especially glad for them now, as Christmas is 
near at hand, for they will serve to make the children 
about us have a joyous Christmastide. The Lord bless 
the kind hearts and hands that so often bring happy 
times to those far away! 

For some weeks rats have been dying in Jalalpor. 
This always gives cause for alarm. As a result of this 
most of the people in Jalalpor have vacated their 
houses and live in grass shacks, stuck about wherever 
a place can be found. A goodly number have their 
uncomely huts set almost before our gate, and all 
along the road to the station. They are full of the 
usual life that is to be found among such a lot of In- 
dia's people. 

In the morning, at an early hour, perhaps three or 
four o'clock, a woman sits to grind. With the revolu- 
tion of the old stone-mill she keeps time by singing. 
This, with the clatter of her bangles* on the wrist, 
somehow does not act as a soother to those of us who 
wish to sleep, but she will sing and grind in spite of 
it. 

But vacating their houses has its advantage, always, 
for it usually stays the dread plague. Only four or 
five deaths have occurred from it, whereas if they had 
not left, many might have died. One family refused 
to leave and the man of the house was stricken and died 
in a few days. 

Last Sunday a very critical case of plague, just 
across the road, in one of the huts, was seen. The 
doctor was called, and he gave them no little scold- 
ing for waiting so long before summoning him. As far 
as we can learn, the case is past the danger point and 
the patient will likely recover. 

About a month ago one of our Christian women, 
from Dahanu, was in the hospital in Bombay. There 
she saw a woman, a high-caste Marathi, who was in 
great distress, physically. Having lost her husband 
four months previously she knew not where to go or 
what to do. She had no relatives and no one on whom 
to depend. The Christian woman took her home to 
Dahanu, and a week later she was brought here to the 
Widows' Home, where she has fallen in real well with 
Christian ways and ideas, especially so for a high caste. 
Her weak condition has improved decidedly since her 
arrival, and she begins to do work with the other wo- 
men who are here. They are a busy lot of women, 
having work to do throughout the day. 



My Word Like a Fire.— Jer. 23: 39. 

BY FLORENCE H. MYERS. 

It was early in the morning. Bells rang! Whistles 
blew! Children shouted! Men, women and children 
ran! A house was on fire! Men on crutches, wom- 
en carrying children and leading others, made their 
way to that burning building. Women, seldom seen 
outside their own home, hurried to the place of dis- 
aster. 

Many men and women did their utmost to check 
the fierce and awful flames, but at last all stood back, 
breathlessly watching the demon complete its work. 



36 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 17, 1914. 



The roof fell and then the walls. A mother and or- 
phan children were homeless. But kind hands and 
hearts were ready to replace house and furniture, and 
soon a new home would be established. Sympathy is 
beautifully touching at such a time. 

The hour is not so early. Bells ring! Here and 
there a lone man or woman and some children heed 
the call, "Come! Come! All may come." The great 
iron tongue seems almost .human in its pleading, 
"Come! Come! Fathers and mothers and children, 
too." But what is the matter? Where are the peo- 
ple? Where are they who, only a day ago, were will- 
ing to sacrifice time and strength to serve a neighbor? 
Mothers are tired with the care of the little ones. 
Fathers have had a hard week. Just a little more 
sleep, hoping hopelessly for the rest that is never 
found in this way (Isa. 40: 31). Men and women 
are in their own homes, unconscious of danger, stand- 
ing in the midst of tottering ruins, ignorantly willing 
to take their chance in the Great Beyond, without 
any preparation here. " How shall we escape, if we 
neglect so great salvation?" Paul has been speaking 
of our giving heed to the things we have heard, and 
of the word spoken by the angels being stead- 
fast. But what about the Word? Every home in 
Huntingdon has a Bible. Men and women in every 
home do not read their Bible. " It needs a fire on a 
Sabbath morning to get some people out," says one. 
Where shall the fire be? One sister goes to a home 
where the mother, two daughters and two sons have 
been baptized. The mother seldom comes to church. 
The pastor has visited her again and again. Many 
members call and urge her to attend. The Woman's 
Adult Bible Class tries every means to induce this wom- 
an to come where she may learn the Word. To every 



invitation and urging she says, " Not till I can pay 
into the church what I should." " Pretty good," you 
say? But this woman has her home free from debt 
and furnished; she lives and dresses as well as any 
of us. Is it lack of fire in our hearts that has caused 
our failure? 

I may have several alcohol lamps and a cup of wa- 
ter which I wish to heat. Lighting all the lamps ex- 
cept the one on which I have placed my cup will not 
heat the water. Fire in the heart ignited by the Di- 
vine Spark, is necessary. 

Another woman, a mother, — God bless the mothers, 
and fathers, loo, of our land! — excuses herself be- 
cause the baby is restless and heavy, — the very one 
whose arm held that same baby for an hour and a 
half' while she watched some wood burn and brick 
walls fall. A little fire in the heart necessary. 

God bless the dear old neighbor who hurried to that 
fire oh two crutches and a wooden leg! A better 
neighbor could not be found. I have never known 
him to be in church since his accident. He woqld be 
there if he could put out the fire, should one be 
started in our own little stone church across the way. 
Nothing could keep the old man out if he could 
help. He was a soldier and faced the fire in the 
early sixties. Dear Father, put a little fire into this 
dear old man's heart and make him willing to be 
saved, — saved. 

" Is not my word like as a fire " ( Jer. 23 : 29) ? Oh, 
to have more of the Word in our hearts ! The Word, 
as a fire; comforts, warms, strengthens, heals, purifies 
the heart, burns the dross. " Thy word have I hid 
in mine heart, that I might not sin against thee " 
(Psa. 119: 11). 

Huntingdon, Pa. 



Thoughts on the Sacraments 

A Series of Discussions 

ByH.J.Harnly 



Number Three. 

" I conceive also that no self, of which we can 
have any cognizance, is in reality more than a frag- 
ment of a larger self. For, in reality, analysis shows 
traces of faculty which this material planetary life 
could not have called into being, and whose exercise 
even here and now involves and necessitates the ex- 
istence of a spiritual world. ... I rqgard each man as 
at once profoundly unitary and almost infinitely com- 
posite, as inheriting from earthly ancestors a multi- 
plex and ' colonial ' organism . . . polyzoic, perhaps 
polypsychic in an extreme degree; but also as ruling 
and unifying that organism by a soul or spirit abso- 
lutely beyond our present analysis ... A soul which 
has originated in a spiritual or metathetical environ- 
ment, which, even while embodied, subsists therein 
after the body decays." — F. IV. H. Myers, " Human 
Personality and Its Survival of Bodily Death," Vol. i, 
P- 34- 

" We have seen how the genius draws upon a do- 
main of thought material, lying outside the realm of 
his consciousness. We have seen the ' faith curist ' 
using powers which transcend his knowledge and ex- 
planation. Even ordinary sleep seems to put us where 
powers not our own repair the waste, and perform a 
ministry of reconstruction and renewing. . . . May 
there not be in this inner portal to our personality 
some real shekinah where we may meet with that 
Divine Companion, that Mere of Life, in whom we 
live? 'Do such higher energies filter in?' 'Do any 
mortals hear tidings from across the border, which uni- 
fy their spiritual lives and construct their being and en- 
able them to speak to their age with an authority 
beyond themselves?"' — Jones, "Social Law in the 
Spiritual World." 

The human personality is most complex and diffi- 
cult. I can not hope to treat it exhaustively, within 
the bounds set for this thesis. Those interested I 
would refer to such works as " Human Personality 
and Its Survival of Bodily Death," by F. W. H. My- 



ers; "Social Law in the Spiritual World," by Jones; 
"Varieties of Religious Experiences," by James; 
" The Law of Psychic Phenomena," by Hudson ; 
"Psychotherapy," by Muensterburg ; "The Psychol- 
ogy of Suggestion," by Boris Sidis. 

The old psychology found three faculties, — the in- 
tellect, the feelings and the will. In recent years it 
has been discovered that the personality is far more 
complex than we have been accustomed to think. In 
order that we may understand the sacraments in their 
applications, we must understand several things con- 
cerning the nature of the self. 

The self seems to consist of two parts, — an objec- 
tive or self-conscious self, and a subjective or subcon- 
scious self; sometimes also called the subliminal or 
marginal self or consciousness. The sacraments, in 
their application, apply primarily to the subjective or 
subliminal self. That there is a part of the self 
which lies below the threshold of consciousness is now 
generally admitted. 

The objective mind takes cognizance of the objec- 
tive world. Its media of observation are the physical 
senses. It relates more to physical or material en- 
vironments, and enables one to adjust himself to it 
and make it serve him. Its highest function is rea- 
soning and volition. 

The subjective self perceives by intuition. It is the 
seat of emotions and character. It is the storehouse 
of memory and habit. It controls the organic func- 
tionings of the body. It is plastic and amenable to 
control through suggestions. In the hypnotic state 
it is in the ascendency. 

" Wax to receive, and marble to retain." It is a 
well-known fact that under certain conditions or state 
of soul, one impress made upon the self works a 
change through and through and for all time. How 
it does we do not know, but that such a change may 
be wrought we know to be a fact. The conditions 
under which the change may be wrought we know 
from experience, observation and experiment. 



There are many evidences which point to a perfect 
subjective memory. The evidence shows that the 
mind frequently contains whole systems of knowledge 
which, in our normal states, have fallen into oblivion, 
may under certain abnormal conditions flash into con-, 
sciousness, and may even put into abeyance the ordi- 
nary consciousness and for a time be in control. 

The most perfect exhibition of intellectual power is 
the result of the synchronous action of the objective 
and subjective minds. When this is seen in its per- 
fection the world calls it genius. There are certain 
classes of persons in whom the subjective activities 
are in the ascendency, and in some cases even dom- 
inate. Poets, artists, prophets and seers belong to 
this order. 

Most of us are so engrossed in the sensuous life: 
we are so completely satisfied by the sensual pleas- 
ures of the flesh; the din and noise of the world sat- 
isfy so completely, have such complete control of con- 
sciousness, that seldom do the uprushes from the sub- 
conscious break through into the consciousness. 

Meditations, fastings and prayer are the conditions 
under which the objective world is shut out, and under 
which the subjective may rise into consciousness. Med- 
itation, fasting and prayer, the inner chamber, into 
which the din and noise of the physical world and the 
cares of the world can not penetrate, prepare the self, 
open it to the influences of subjective inrushes, inspi- 
rations and revelations, and of suggestion and sug- 
gestive symbolism. Because of this fact Christ rec- 
ommends fasting and the closet. We must occasion- 
ally get away from the din and noise and cares of the 
world and relieve the subjective in part of its usual 
task of caring for the physical functionings, and meta- 
bolisms, if we would develop soul power, spiritual 
life. How many of us have recently got so engrossed 
in our spiritual welfare, or that of others, that for 
twelve hours we have lost consciousness of physical 
wants? Christ for forty days and forty nights was 
so engrossed, and he afterward hungered. 

The subjective self is incapable of controversial 
argument. A skeptical audience demoralizes it ; and 
so when there is contrary suggestion, little can be ac- 
complished. Subjective results come through faith. 
Even Christ could do little where there was. unbelief. 

The subjective self is the seat of character. The 
life that we live, the things we do and think, when we 
are not consciously directing our activities, are the 
index to our character. 

' The man of character does unconsciously, by habit, 
the right thing. "As a man thinketh in his heart so 
is he," i. e., as a man is active in his inner self, when 
he is off guard, so is he. The suggestions which we 
seek, or which we permit to be made upon ourselves, 
which take, — that is, which change t us through and 
through, — are the determinating factors in the devel- 
opment of character. 

It is my purpose to show that the sacraments are 
symbols of fundamental and essential principles, with- 
out which the kingdom of God is as impossible as an 
orderly universe without gravitation, cohesion, chem- 
ical affinity, electricity, etc. 

These fundamental principles must become ele- 
ments in our character, if we would become members 
of the kingdom. If we submit ourselves to the laws 
of the symbols, the principles for the creation of 
which, and the development of which, the symbols 
or sacraments were given, they will become a part of 
and will be developed in our character. 

McPherson, Kans. 



The Southern Ohio Sunday-School Institute. 

BY LEVI MINNICH. 

This year our Annual Sunday-school Teachers' In- 
stitute was held at Pittsburg, Ohio, Dec. 22 to 26, at 
the place where the Annual Meeting was held in 1S86. 

A splendid interest was manifest, and the attendance 
was good.^being more uniform throughout the ses- 
sions than at any previous Institute. Nearly all of 
our fifty-eight Sunday-schools of the District were 
represented, and many schools from other State Dis- 
tricts also. Eld. Jacob Coppock was moderator. Our 
instructors were Bro. James M. Moore, of Bethany 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 17, 1914. 



37 



Bible School, and Brethren Olho Winger and S. S. 
Blough. of North Manchester College. It was the 
second Institute they helped us to hold, each of these 
brethren having been with us at Greenville one year 

ago. 

Bro. Moore was with us for the full time and gave 
ten' addresses, including two in the evening. He gave 
two addresses on each of the following subjects: 
" New Testament Times," " The Parables of Jesus in 
the Sunday-School Lessons for 1914," and " The 
Christian Workers' Society, — Its Real Purpose, and 
How to Reach It." He also gave one address on 
each of the following topics : " The Bible," " The 
Three Great Needs in Teacher-training," "Prayer," 
and "The Sanctity of the Marriage Relation." 

The last named address was given on Christmas 
Eve to a large audience of responsive listeners, com- 
posed largely of married people. Young people, how- 
ever, were also largely represented, and it is fitting 
that they should be impressed with the importance of 
considering the subject seriously. It was a timely ad- 
dress, the benefits of which can not be measured at 
this time. 

Bro. S. S. Blough was with us for two days, and 
gave five addresses, — one each on the following sub- 
jects: "The Supreme Opportunity of the Sunday- 
School," " How May We Improve the Standard of 
Teaching? " " The Child, — Its Problems and Possibil- 
ities," " The Sunday-School a Moral and Religious 
Force in a Community," and " The Teacher." The 
latter address was given on the evening of Christmas 
Day to the largest audience of the Institute. 

Bro. Otho Winger was with us fot two days and 
gave five addresses on the following subjects : " The 
Christian Ministry," "The Rewards of Obedience," 
The Art of Sunday-School Teaching," " The Country 
Life Movement," and " The Country Church." 

The last two addresses dealt with the solving of 
some problems existing today that were unknown a 
generation or more ago. Each of the instructors had 
his subjects well at his command. 

The Musical Institute, conducted by Bro. S. L. 
Brumbaugh, of West Milton, was a new feature. One- 
half hour was given each evening mostly to the teach- 
ing of choristers and others, well advanced in vocal 
music. A few brief addresses were given on some 
phase of vocal music and its value. While the time 
thus allotted was too short, the interest thus aroused 
proved that there is a demand for this new feature in 
connection with our Sunday-school Institute. 

Appropriate Christmas Praise Services were also 
held. 

The Query Box, as usual, proved an interesting and 
instructive 'feature. All in attendance were invited to 
register their names in a large book, prepared for that 
purpose. W'£ find the names of 368 persons recorded, 
of whom 19 are superintendents, 40 advanced teachers, 
34 intermediate teachers, and 20 primary teachers. 
Many failed to register. 

There was a large attendance of ministers, includ- 
ing Eld. W. R. Deeter, of Indiana. 

The people of Pittsburg are to be, commended for 
the splendid manner in which they cared for this large 
body of Sunday-school workers. 

Invitations are in order for our next Institute, 
which will be held Dec. 28, 1914, to Jan. 1, 1915. 
Greenville, Ohio. 



" When I See the Blood." 

BY J. I. KAYLOR.' 

Throughout Scripture there is a great prominence 
given to blood as the cleansing agent of sin in the 
sight of God. In the case of Cain and Abel the bloody 
sacrifice was accepted, and the other was not. In all 
the Mosaic code everything was based upon the slain 
animal at the brazen altar. This was the first article 
of furniture inside the court door, and therefore 
the sinner must pass by this, and by the blood of his 
substitute make reconciliation before going further to 
the tabernacle where God's presence was. 

In the first institution of the passover upon the great 
deliverance of Israel from Egypt, the command was 
to slay a perfect animal of one year, and apply the 



blood to the doorposts. Why? God said, "When I 
see the blood I will pass over you." Therefore all 
in that house were safe from the destroying power of 
God. But now supposing some Israelites had said, 
" God protected Goshen from the other plagues, and 
he will now be merciful also. I don't believe that all 
this is necessary, anyhow. Why should an innocent 
lamb need to die? I'll just tie the lamb outside, and 
sit inside and meditate upon the lamb's inuocency, 
purity and perfection, as God has said that he must 
he without blemish. And just as he is pure and in- 
nocent, so I'll take him as a pattern and live the spot- 
less life. I think this is just some of Moses' useless 
thought about the matter, so following the perfect pat- 
tern with its meekness will suffice." What would 
you think of such an Israelite? You would call 
such disobedience and unbelief in so simple a thing 
very foolish, wouldn't you? What would have hap- 
pened to him that night? We all know very well. 

Now we know that the passover lamb represents 
Christ, who is our Passover, sacrificed for us (1 Cor. 
5: 7). He is our Substitute, whose nLOon was sited 
for us. "Without the shedding of blood there is no 
remission." Just as the Israelites were protected on 
the night under the blood, so all who arc under 
Christ's blood by faith have salvation. But today 
there arc many (and we are sorry to say not all out- 
side the Brethren church and literature) who say, 
" Live the holy life that Jesus did, doing good, be 
meek, take him as a pattern and example, ' follow 
the good, the true, and the beautiful,' and man can 
thus work himself up to God, in the power of the 
divinity that is in him." He who says this is just as 
foolish as the Israelite that would think of the lamb's 
innocence and not kill it. In the pulpit today very 
much is made of the life of Christ as our Pattern, and 
yery little is made of his DEATH and RESURREC- 
TION. What is the result? Many do not turn to 
God, and many of those that do are professors and 
not possessors. 

How and what did the apostles preach? Very lit- 
tle did they say of Christ's life, but very much of his 
death and resurrection. " With great power did they 
witness of Christ's resurrection." And there were 
true and whole-hearted conversions, too. Paul de- 
termined to know nothing among the Corinthians but 
Christ and HIM CRUCIFIED. It is Christ on the 
cross and his shed blood that is the necessary thing. 
" When I see the blood, I will pass over you," saith 
_the Lord. Paul further says that the Gospel was 
" that Christ DIED according to the Scriptures, . . 
. . . and that on the third day he ROSE according 
to the Scriptures." So here are the two great funda- 
mentals of the Christian faith. If either one or both 
are neglected the whole thing falls. If Christ had 
lived the pure and holy life as an example to the 
world until today, not one soul could have been saved 
by it. 

But now some one asks, " Then is the whole world 
now under the blood and saved? " No, by no means. 
Supposing the Israelite on that night had killed the 
lamb and eaten of it, but had left the blood in the 
basin or near the door, and not applied it to the door 
posts. How about his safety? He might as well not 
have killed the lamb as to have done no more than 
this. Then the vital point is application of the 
BLOOD, believing in the sure Word of God. So 
today the blood of Christ, shed once for all, must be 
applied by faith to our souls before it will insure pur 
safety. The blood of Christ is just as necessary today 
for a man's salvation as it ever was. And where these 
two fundamentals are held high and emphasized, 
there will be results for God's glory through the sav- 
ing of many souls. " Now then we are ambassadors 
for Christ, as though God did beseech you by us ; we 
pray you in Christ's stead, be ye reconciled to God. 
For he hath made him to be sin for us who knew no 
sin ; that we might be made the righteousness of God 
in him" (2 Cor. 5: 20, 21). 
Ahwa, via Bilimora, India. 



Baskets. 

BY W. O. BECKNER. 

Number Three. 

"His hands were freed from the basket" (Fsa. 81: 6). 

The people of Israel were slaves in Egypt. All 
kinds of drudgery were piled on them. The kings of 
Egypt were ambitious builders and the Israelites were 
put to making bricks for their use. The psalmist is 
singing of the goodness of God to Israel and men- 
tions that his hands were freed from the basket. 

I got a vision of what this may mean the other 
day in watching some men at work filling up a low 
place in the public park. They had to carry dirt for 
some distance to fill up with. Each of them had a 
basket, holding about a bushel, and this they used for 
their work. The load was carried up on one shoulder. 
Time and time again they went out to the bank, filled 
their baskets and carried them hack to the park. 
Hour after hour they trudged away. 

Is this something of what the Psalmist meant when 
he sang of Israel's deliverance from Egypt? One 
essential difference, of course, is in the fact that these 
Filipinos were free men and were receiving pay for 
their work. They were receiving a direct benefit from 
it. But the Israelites were in bondage. Their basket- 
carrying was slavery, That makes a big difference in 
the way the work is to be looked at, but the human 
clement remains, that the people were so accustomed 
to use baskets in their work that the basket came to 
represent the worlc itself. " Freed from the basket." 
Freed from bondage. 

Have you ever noticed, of course you have, — how 
much human experience the Psalms contain? They 
arc the great collection of hymns used by Israel. 
There is a definite historical background to almost 
every statement in them. Some actual human experi- 
ence is referred to, just as here the bondage is spoken 
of as basket-carrying. The people of Israel had had 
a great experience. All through the Psalms runs that 
consciousness of God having done things for them 
that affected their everyday lives. The psalmist had 
what we might call a national consciousness and con- 
tinually called upon the people to praise the Lord 
Jehovah, — called on them in terms of the history of 
the nation. 

It is sometimes a matter of comment that our ordi- 
nary church music does not last; that we must con- 
stantly change and get something new. I wonder wheth- 
er that may not he due to the fact that so few of us have 
experienced anything like a deliverance from the 
" basket." We have no historical experiences to in- 
corporate into song. Our lives have always been rich. 
Hunger has never been near us ; pestilence and dis- 
ease have always been strangers at our doors; we have 
had churches and Sunday-schools near us all our lives ; 
we know no hardship at all. In our personal morals 
we know no difficulties. We are continually sur- 
rounded by people who are straight, and we are there- 
fore held up. We have heard tell of the fire of trial 
and the heat of temptation, but from personal contact 
with them we know little. I wonder whether our 
songi would not last longer for us if we would in- 
corporate into them more of our praise for the deliver- 
ances the Father has wrought for us in freeing us from 
the baskets. 

Cuvo. Palawan. P. I. 



The voice of the majority may make a thing both 
legal and popular, but it can never make it right where 
justice and equity are lacking. 



THE MISSION BOARD OF NORTHEASTERN 
KANSAS. 

Wc met in session Dec. 16 and 17 in Kansas City, Kans. 
Some very important matters were presented for con- 
sideration. In considering these vital questions, it re- 
quires great discretion, and we desire the prayers and 
hearty cooperation of all the members of our State Dis- 
trict. Plans and appropriations were made for 1914. 
Appropriations were made covering the full amount, as 
recommended by District Meeting for missions during 
the ensuing year. Eld. C. W. Shoemaker and the writer 
were appointed as a committee to audit the treasurer's 
books of the Kansas City Mission church. The books 
were examined carefully, and the receipts and expendi- 
tures were found to be entirely correct. Our next meet- 
ing will be held in the city of Lawrence sometime in 
March Should any member in the District have an 
item of business for the Board's consideration, it should 
be in the hands of the Secretary by March 1. 

Ozawkie, Kans., Jan. 1. H. L. Brammel!, Secretary. 



38 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 17, 1914. 



THE ROUND TABLE 



" Does It Pay? " 

BY J. F. HOKE. 

About four years ago a little band of members, de- 
sirous of escaping- the rigors of the Kansas winters, 
went into South Texas, to find a place where they 
might establish a little colony. 

Having chosen their inheritance, they began life on 
God's plan. Like Jacob of old, they pitched their tent 
and set up an altar. With nothing but the blue canopy 
of heaven overhead, and the fertile soil beneath their 
feet, they met on a sunny slope of Bee County, Texas, 
in a little prayer meeting. There they asked God to 
bless them in their new possessions and undertaking. 

God smiled graciously upon that little planting and 
as a visible- result there is now the Bethel church, with 
a membership of twenty-seven, under the efficient eld- 
ership of Bro. G. E. Wales, with Brethren Lee Dad- 
isman, John Strohm, and T. J. Miller as assistants. 

With this church the District of Louisiana and 
Texas met in District Conference, Sunday-school Con- 
vention and Ministerial Meeting during the holiday 
week. While these meetings were small, as compared 
with the District Conferences of stronger Districts, 
few, if any, ever excel in spiritual temperature and 
beneficent results. 

It was inspiring, indeed, to listen to those isolated 
from the church, pledging themselves to further faith- 
fulness and greater sacrifice for the church. It was 
cheering to hear the report of our District missionary, 
J. A. Miller, of Manvcl, Tex., as he told about his 
work among the several churches and numerous isolat- 
ed homes in the District. 

A recent letter from a heartbroken brother told 
about the death of his wife. She blessed him in her dy- 
ing hours for having led them to their Savior and to 
the church which they came to love as their greatest 
possession. 

Does it pay? — you ask. Who can estimate the worth 
of a soul ! 

Thus impressed we left this meeting, fully persuad- 
ed of the stupendousness of the work of the church 
in this great Southland, fully conscious that God im- 
measurably rewards for all that has been invested in 
money and personal sacrifice, fully realizing that our 
prayers in behalf of our 1913 meeting had been glor- 
iously answered. 

Roanoke. La. 



Bible and Sunday-School Institute of 
Middle Pennsylvania. 

BY ELIZABETH BARNETT. 

The Bible and Sunday-school Institute of Middle 
Pennsylvania was held in the Roaring Spring church, 
beginning Dec. 26. It was the first meeting of the kind 
held in this District, and all who attended pronounced 
it a decided success. 

Eld. T. T. Myers gave us some excellent points on 
the Book of Romans. On the subjects of " Exegesis " 
and " Bible Interpretation," he is a teacher of acknowl- 
edged ability. The work of Bro. M. J. Weaver, on 
" The Exposition of Mark's Gospel " was equally 
edifying, and many were led to see new beauties in 
God's Word. Eld. A. G. Crosswhite presented the 
doctrine of the Holy Spirit in seven separate periods. 
All who were fortunate enough to be taught by him, 
acknowledge his ability on this subject. Open Bibles, 
pencils and tablets were prominent features at every 
period of study. We were exceedingly fortunate to 
have Bro. C. C. Ellis give three excellent addresses 
on the following subjects: "The Master Teacher," 
" The Teaching of the Lesson," and " The Teacher's 
Attitude." 

Free entertainment was provided for all in attend- 
ance by the members of the Roaring Spring church at 
their homes, and they would have welcomed many 
more than came to these meetings. The music was 
under the management of. Prof. J. S. Furry, our regu- 
lar church chorister, ably assisted by Eld. John B. Mil- 
ler, of Curryville, as well as the male quartette of our 
local church. If all of our churches could realize what 



one of these Institutes means to a local church, there 
would be more than one a year. 

The local Sunday-school at Roaring Spring, having 
recently reorganized its work, its officers and teachers 
were duly installed at the opening of the session on 
Sunday morning. With renewed energy and deeper 
consecration we go forward into the next year's work 
for the Lord. 

Roaring Spring, Pa., Dec. 31. 



More Workers Needed. 

BY GEO. L. McDONAUGH. 

The above statement is called forth by Bro. D. L. 
Forney's article in Messenger of Dec. 6. If you do 
not remember reading it, please look it up, and you 
will see that it is not only ministers and their families 
to whom he refers, but, as he says, "A thousand Breth- 
ren homes are needed where the Bible and the family 
altar are daily honored." 

Now, if the Brethren who are contemplating a trip 
to any point on the Pacific Coast, with a view of seek- 
ing a future home, or only to visit friends and rela- 
tives, will stop to enquire thoroughly, they will find 
that they can buy their tickets, reading over one line 
west-bound and over another east-bound, for about the 
same money they would have to pay to make the trip 
in both directions over the same line. They will also 
have the privilege of stopping off en route to investi- 
gate for themselves where, in their opinion, they can 
find the most congenial, and at the same time the best 
place to work for the Master. It is they, to whom, by 
their daily walk and talk, Bro. Forney and the writer 
refer, as well as to the official brethren in the church. 
Those of the readers of the Gospel Messenger, who 
have known the writer for years, will see that, not- 
withstanding the fact that he is out of the railroad 
business, "Missionary Work by Colonization" still is 
his cry. 

Why not include in your trip to the Pacific Coast 
(let it be tin's winter or next June to the Annual Meet- 
ing) all the Pacific States, — California, Oregon and 
Washington? Write me, with stamp, and I'll tell you. 

Alhambra, Cal: 



The Better Plan. 



BY C. D. HYLTON. 

Some of our churches are spending considerable 
energy over supposed points of disorder. In some 
cases they are meeting stubborn opposition, and the 
best way out is difficult to know. I am sometimes 
asked, "What shall we do?" 

I believe that one solution of the problem is sim- 
ply this, " Give the members plenty of work to do in 
the church." A young brother asked to be relieved 
of his membership. His father told me that his boy 
wanted to work in the church, but that he had never 
been asked to do anything, and thus lost interest. 

I know of a church of more than one hundred mem- 
bers that has placed five church offices in charge of 
one brother. He is preacher, chorister, Sunday- 
school superintendent, clerk and treasurer. This is 
an imposition on that brother, and an injustice to 
other brethren, who are equally qualified to fill some 
of the positions. Better divide up the work. 

Trontzn'Ue, Va. 



Sunday-School, Ministerial and District 
Meetings of Texas and Louisiana. 

BY LEE DADISMAN. 

Our Sunday-school, Ministerial and District Meet- 
ings were of deep interest and very spiritual. The at- 
tendance was lessened, and some who attended were 
inconvenienced, and delayed in coming by washouts 
in different parts of the State. On this account the 
Sunday-school Meeting was postponed until Saturday 
forenoon, the 27th. One paper goes to Conference. 

Bro. J. A. Miller,— the only one of the District 
Evangelists present at this meeting, — related incidents 
which prove that telling work is being done in their 
field. Prospects are promising at practically all 
points where we are represented. 

Some of the topics considered at the -Ministerial 



Meeting were : " How Can a Greater Love for the 
Truth Be Awakened in the Home? " " Kind of Preach- 
ing Most Needed," and " How Increase a Spirit of 
Reverence for Sacred Things?" More preaching on 
leading scriptural themes, and especially doctrinal 
preaching, was emphasized. 

In the Sunday-school Meeting, teachers' meetings 
were referred to as being important factors in produ- 
cing unity of teaching, to induce a more faithful study 
of the lesson, and to increase the efficiency of each 
teacher by an exchange of thoughts. Catch questions, 
the answering of which does not impart knowledge of 
importance, empty discussions, mere formality, and 
long opening exercises were mentioned among the 
things' to be avoided. Spiritual teaching that impresses 
the heart, and not merely imparts head knowledge 
only, was thought to be most essential. The best of 
spirit prevailed at all the meetings, which were certain- 
ly a means of advancement in the Divine life. 

Kenedy, Texas, Jan. 2. 



Sunday-School Lesson for Jan. 25. 

Serving Jesus.— Luke 8- 1-3; 9: 57-62; 10: 38-42. 

Golden Text. — " Inasmuch as ye did it unto one of these 
my brethren, even these least, ye did it unto me." — Matt. 
25: 40. 

Time. — No time can be given for the lesson as a whole. 

Place. — Palestine and Pcrea. 



CHRISTIAN WORKERS' TOPIC 



Life's Battles. 

Read Eph. 6: 10-17. 
For Sunday Evening, January 25, 1914. 

1. We fight against Satan and his hosts (Eph. 6: 12). 

2. Our enemy is ever alert (1 Peter 5: 8). 

3. Paul's life a great battle (2 Tim. 4: 7, 8). 

4. Stephen's battle gained glory for him (Acts 6 and 
7). 

5. Satan won in his battle with Judas (John 13: 27). 

6. Peter had a battle with Satan (Luke 22: 31-44, 54- 
62). 

7. Satan fights us in the form of fleshly lusts (Rom. 6: 
11-13). 

8. Satan fights us in the form of wicked people (2 Tim. 
3: 1-7). 

9. Satan's victory over us brings death, but victory 
over Satan brings eternal life (Rom. 6: 19-23). 

10. The power of Christ always gives victory (Philpp. 
4: 13). 

11. The Christian has an ideal armor (Eph. 6: 12-17). 



PRAYER MEETING 



The Father's Business. 

Luke 2: 49. 
For Week Beginning January 25, 191"4. 

1. Christ's Mission and Ours. — Christ had come to a 
consciousness of himself, his Divine Sonship, and of his 
place in the world. He gave expression of !iis growing 
impulse to be about the things of his Father. Hence- 
forth it was his meat and drink to do the will of him that 
sent him, and to finish his wprk. This awakening of con- 
sciousness, although at the time but partially compre- 
hended by his parents, lifted his life to a higher level. 
What a vista such a glimpse of holy power opens to our 
contracted human vision! It is a great crisis in a human 
life when the first glimpse of self and of God is obtained, 
and when THE TRUE' OBJECT OF LIFE has been 
really apprehended (Matt. 18: 11-14; 20: 25-28; John 3: 
13-17; 1 Peter 2: 21-25). 

2. Consecration to the Things of the Father. — Christ's 
memorable reply indicates that his parents should have 
known where to find him. The temple was surely a good 
place in which to find a missing boy. Should not this 
striking incident of-the early life of Christ remind us that 
we are here on our Father's business, and not on our 
own, except in so far as our business and that of our 
Father are one? ABSORPTION IN THE BUSINESS 
OF THE FATHER should characterize all who claim 
to be the sons of God (Rom. 14: 7-9; 1 Cor. 10: 31; 6: 
19, 20; 2 Cor. 5: 14, 15). 

3. Divine Sovereignty Must Be Acknowledged. — The 
Heavenly Father is above the earthly father. A true 
life begins by recognizing the Heavenly Father's claims. 
The consciousness of Divine Fatherhood brings with it 
the consciousness of human sonship, and the con- 
sciousness of human sonship brings with it the duty 
of -unquestioning obedience. We are here to DO 
THE FATHER'S WILL,— not to cavil, not to question, 
not to reject (Rom. 14: 11; Eph. 4: 6; 1 Tim. 6: 15; Rev. 
1: 6; 19:6; Isa. 44:6). 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 17, 1914. 



39 



HOME AND FAMILY 



One Bud of Hope. 

BY MARY BARNHART. 
A little darling God had given, 

To brighten our lives for just one day, 
Then sent an angel down from heaven, 

To bear our little one away. 

Leaving our home all dark with sorrow, 
As earth would be in a flowerless May. 

But we know there'll dawn a fair tomorrow. 
O'er skies which now seem so cold and gray. 

And this little flower that he had given, 
God thought for earth was far too fair; 

He wanted to beautify his heaven, 
So he took it home to blossom there. 

And oh, this thought makes heaven still dearer, 

For we know our babe's beyond all care, 
And ever our little one seems nearer, 
As we kiss a lock of raven hair. 
■ Oakley, 111. ^_ 

An Old Maid. 

BY ELIZABETH D. ROSENBERGER. 

It was two weeks after her mother's funeral when 
Lucy Ann sat down and considered. All her life she 
had been busy spinning 1 a web of love and devotion 
for her parents ; now mother, too, was gone and she 
was alone. Lucy Ann sat still and thought about her 
life. What should she do? Her brothers and sisters 
were all married and had families. They would be 
good to her; they had always been. Their solicitude 
redoubled with her need and it seemed as if they 
thought of everything, in those last days, when moth- 
er was going" away. Now they would be even more- 
solicitous. She could hear Stella, her brother Ben's 
wife, say: "After you've took such care of your fa- 
ther, in all the years that he was ailjng, and now been 
with mother, year in and year out, it's time some of 
us were looking after you." 

And they meant well. Lucy Ann loved every one- 
of them, — the nieces and nephews, with whom she 
was hardly as well acquainted as she should have 
been, because she never could leave mother long 
enough to visit any of them. Now they would want 
her. Perhaps they would want, her to come and live 
with one or the other of them. But how she shrank 
from the thought of leaving her home ! She had not 
grown here through all her youth and middle life, like 
the moss upon a rock, without fitting into the hollows 
and softening the angles of her poor habitation. She 
had looked for the sunlight and the rain, in this small 
spot and she knew where both would fall. The place, 
its trees, its garden, — the very breezes, — belonged to 
her, but she belonged to it as well. 

Now, that she sat here alone, grief glided in and 
sat down by her, to go forth no more. She rocked 
back and forth in the chair and moaned a little. 

"Oh, I never can bear it!" she said pathetically, 
under her breath. The tears came and she sobbed 
pitifully. " How in the world can I stand it? " The 
ticking of the clock emphasized the dreadful stillness. 
All the house was in order, what should she do? 

She went into mother's bedroom where everything 
was so dreary, so pitifully empty and cold. But as 
she stood by the window, overlooking the garden, 
there came to her the desire to remain here always. 
Her sister Susan wanted her, as she well knew. But 
why must she give up this home and drift among the 
others? True, there was love and warmth about their 
family hearthstone, but would she not always look 
back to this little home as her only earthly refuge? 
Was her home not a home merely because there were 
no men nor children in it? Unknown to herself, 
Lucy Ann was studying some of the problems of the 
greater world. All she wanted was peace and submis- 
sion, she told herself, that as time went on she would 
not mind it so much. 

When Susan spoke to Lifcy Ann about coming to 
live with her, Lucy Ann answered with gentle delicacy 
that she could not make up her mind to leave her 
home yet. She must have more time. No, she was 
not afraid to stay there. And so they left her. 

And so, many old maids are left all over this 



world. And they live their lives full of sunshine and 
shadow, of work and tears and laughter. The world 
is the richer for the steadfast souls who never lay 
down a burden or shirk a duty. To old maids 
there come the opportunities of rare self-sacrifice and 
devotion to duties that are often distasteful. The 
world at large, and at least women, are very likely 
to think that the old maid is unmarried because no 
man asked her to marry. If we stop to reflect a mo- 
ment, we shall see that this is not true. We are told 
that every woman in this world, who wants to, can 
marry. Of course, she may not get the man with 
whom she imagined herself to be in love. Instead 
of riches she may have poverty ; yet, that she can 
marry if she wants to, is undeniable. 

One old maid said that she was in love at nineteen. 
The man was all that her fancy painted, in appear- 
ance, but as the months went by her brothers told her 
that he was drinking. It was a heavy blow, but she 
sat down and thought of the girls who had married 
men to reform them ; she thought of the wretched 
wives and the miserable children, the hovels resulting 
from such marriages, and she determined to forget 
this man. It took her a year to do it. But she never 
regretted her decision. Her life blossomed out in 
helpfulness to all, and she has been busy. Ts she tire- 
some, arrogant or cross? No, indeed. The woman 
who is thinking of little children and their joys, of 
the well-being of others in her family, has no time 
to sulk. 

An old maid's life is just like yours, my sister. Tf, 
like Lucy Ann, the years of her youth have been de- 
voted to the ministry of honoring her parents, she will 
find a recompense in some way. Too busy to stop to 
think of herself, too interested in the highest welfare 
of those near and dear to her to murmur, the blos- 
soms of patience and peace shall spring up in her 
path. Let us weave for her a garland of praise. 

Covington, Ohio. 



A Lonely Home. 

BY KATHKYN ZIEGLER. 

Last week, on a trip out to the villages, we stopped 
at the home of one of our teachers, whose wife recently 
was called away by death. Both of these young people 
were children in the orphanage and had not been mar- 
ried quite a year at the time of the wife's death. Then 
home was one where we liked to go, because neatness 
and cleanliness were in evidence everywhere. It al- 
ways looked as if they were prepared for the coming 
of some of their friends. This time the home still had 
that appearance, but the one who always had had a 
pleasant welcome was not there. Her husband came out 
to greet us. It was hard. The thoughts were many, but 
words few. The sad husband soon showed some 
of the work of her hands and a few of her Sunday- 
school certificates on the wall. We know he is sad, 
but not like his heathen neighbors. His little wife was 
a good Christian, and the women, even in their short 
acquaintance with her, had only good to say for her. 

We were not there long till the husband began to get 
supper, and the boys that had gone with me helped 
him. They would not let me assist, and, anyway, I 
would not be a great help in preparing their food. Af- 
ter supper a dear old mother, not a Christian in word, 
but truly in deed, came and washed the dishes. How 
much this was appreciated by the young man we can 
only partly know. This same mother works hard all 
day, cutting grass, and although she is bowed with 
years of hard work, she does these deeds of love and 
sympathy for the young man. 

The women of that village were anxious to tell me 
about her sickness and what a good woman she had 
been. We had not known that she was ill until word 
came that she was dying, and half an hour after that 
a second message, that she had passed away. Thus, an- 
other one in whom we had bright hopes for our work 
is gone. It was towards evening when we received the 
word. Her home was about nine miles from here and 
the roads were in such a bad condition that we could 
not drive, so Bro. Holsopple and some of our Christian 
men went out to attend the funeral. Burial had to be 
that night. The husband wished that she might be 



buried here, but the distance was too far to carry her, 
which would have been the only way to bring her. Af- 
ter a short service, at about ten o'clock at night, they 
took her to her last resting place, on a small hill near 
a stream. It is adjacent to the village, and the hus- 
band frequently visits the lonely grave. Hard as it 
was for the young man, he stayed in the village and 
bore his grief. The few Christians there make it as 
pleasant for him as they know how. The night we 
spent there we had a nice meeting with the Christians 
in the teacher's home. 

As we sat and listened to the women telling about 
the one that had been taken from their midst, we 
prayed that the impression made upon them would not 
be forgotten ; that it may open their eyes and give them 
a desire to live better lives. Even though she is gone, 
may her beautiful life ever be before them! One of 
them said that Rachel (which was her name) did not 
look as if she were dead, but sleeping, and truly she 
is sleeping, — waiting for the call when the Lord shall 
come to gather his own unto himself. 

Ankleshwer, India, Dec. /}, T913. 



BRIDGEWATER COLLEGE, VIRGINIA. 

The present session of the college is proving to be one 
of the best in the history of the institution. Both in en- 
rollment and in the quality of work done, it has probably 
110b been surpassed, if equalled. A natural reflex of this 
is seen in the jubilant spirits of the entire school family. 

Although this is vacation time, and many of the stu- 
dents have gone to their homes for a short stay, a number 
nf our workers arc busy in other fields. Bro. McCann is 
conducting a Bible Institute at the Lebanon church, this 
State. Brethren H. L, Alley and J. W. Hess are similarly 
engaged at Sangerville. Bro. C. W.' Roller is conducting 
a singing school at the Beaver Creek church. Sister 
Kalhryn Lehman also has a singing class at Mount 
Bethel. Sister Nora Early is likewise teaching a class at 
the Branch church, and Bro. John T. Glick has one at the 
Summit church, Brethren Aubrey D. Coffman and M. 
M.i Myers have gone to Kansas City, Mo„ as delegates 
to the Students' Volunteer Convention, which meets there 
from Dec. 31 to Jan. 4. Bro. C. G. Hesse is holding a 
scries of meetings at the Greenland church. W. Va. The 
writer was in a Sunday-school Institute at Linvillc Creek 
from Dec. 19 to Dec. 21. 

Our Bible Institute at the college will begin Friday 
evening, Jan. 16, and continue for ten consecutive days. 
Bro. E. B. Hoff, of Chicago, Prof. McCann and the writer 
will have charge of the regular Institute work. Other well- 
qualified brethren will discuss special topics, which have 
been arranged for special days. Bro. B. B. Garber, pastor 
nf the Brethren church in Washington, D. C, will preach 
each evening. Wc look forward to a period of rejoicing 
and of great spiritual blessing. John S. Flory. 

Rridgewater, Va., Dec. 29. 



LOST RIVER VALLEY, IDAHO. 

We enjoyed the presence of Bro. S. S, Neher, of Twin 
Falls, who came among us on Friday, Dec. 19, in the in- 
terest of the Mission Board. In the evening wc met at 
the home of Bro. Isaac Thomas for a council meeting. 
Officers were chosen for the coming year. Bro. C. Fahr- 
ney, of Twin Falls, is to be our elder in charge for one 
year, with our home minister, Bro. Isaac Thomas, as 
foreman of the congregation; Bro. John Beeghly, clerk; 
Sister Alice Sutter, correspondent; the writer, treasurer. 
The superintendent and his assistant 6f the Sunday-school 
were also chosen at this meeting, as we were advised to 
safeguard the interests of the church by choosing said 
officers within the membership. The writer was selected 
superintendent for another year. Our Sunday-school is 
prospering nicely and increasing in numbers gradually. 
Bro. Neher remained with us until Tuesday, when he left 
for Idaho Falls, to visit the few members who reside 
there. 

On Sunday we had the pleasure of entertaining the 
Convention of the Lost River Valley Sunday-school As- 
sociation, with whom the Brethren cooperate. The meet- 
ing was one long to be remembered. Our new school 
building was crowded. Bro. Thomas opened with an 
address of welcome, and Bro. Neher followed with a very 
interesting talk, after which dinner was served in the 
building. At 2 P. M. the meeting continued with ad- 
dresses by talented speakers, representing the Baptist 
and Methodist schools throughout the valley. The vis- 
iting speakers were Rev. Birch, of Arco, Rev. Carlson, 
nf Darlington, Prof. Leggett, of the Mackay Schools, and 
Attorney Ambrose, also of Mackay. Sister Altermatt gave 
an interesting talk along Sunday-school lines. 

While here, Bro. Neher gave us several interesting ser- 
mons. We regret that his stay was shortened by the 
approach of Christmas, as he felt it his duty to be with 
his family at that time. R. I. Troup. 

Leslie, Idaho, Dec. 25. 



40 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 17, 1914. 



The Gospel Messenger 

Official Orgun of tho Church of the Brethren. 

A Religious Weekly 

PUBLISHED BY 

Brethren Publishing House 
publishing agent general mission board. 

16 to 24 South Statu Strhut, Elgin, Illinois. 
SUBSCR IPTION . $1.50 PER ANNUM, IN ADVANCE 

XTJXTOM. 

Editor, D. L. Miller. 

Office Editor. J. H- Moore. 

AulBtaot, L. A. Plate. 

Oorreepondln* Edltora. 

H. B. Brumbaugh, Huntingdon, Pa. 

H. C. Early Penn Laird, Va. 

Grant Mahan Onrnja, Cuba. 

Business Manager, R. E. Arnold. 

Advisory Committee. 

8. N. McCann, G. W. Lentz, P. R. Keltner. 

C t - — ,\ [ i business and compiunications intended for the paper should 
be addressed to Hie BRETHREN PUBLISHING HOUSE, ELGIN, ILL., 
and not to nny Individual connected with it. 

Entered at the Post Office nt Elgin. 111., ns Second-class Matter. 

Bro. S. L. Young, of North Manchester, Ind., was 
in attendance at our services last Sunday morning. 

Five applicants were baptized at the new church in 
Champaign, 111., on the day of the dedication, Jan. 4. 

After April 1 Bro. John W. Miller, of Brethren, 
Mich., will be in a position to accept calls for several 
series of meetings. 

Cedar CreeKj a newly-organized church, near Cit- 
ronclle, Ala., is the latest addition to our list of 
churches in the Southland. 

During Bro, N. F. Brubaker's recent meetings in 
the Indian Creek church, Okla., eight were induced to 
accept the Gospel plan of salvation. 

As a result of Bro. C. S. Garber's revival effort, in 
the Mt. Garfield church, Colo., six made the good con- 
fession and others are much impressed. 

A number of Aid Society reports for which, owing 
to the publication of the Financial Report, we could 
not find room this week, will appear in our next issue. 

A spiritual revival was conducted by Bro. J. J. 
Voder in the Morrill church, Kans. Nine made the 
good confession and others are under deep conviction. 

Bro. John P. Harris, the late pastor of the Mt. 
Carroll, 111., church, is located, for the present, at his 
home, R. D. 3, Staunton, Va., where he may be ad- 
dressed. 

There is rejoicing in the Spring Creek church, Ind., 
because of eleven accessions during the recent series 
of meetings in charge of Bro. Harvey Snell. Others 
are near the kingdom. 

The District Meeting of Western Pennsylvania is 
to convene at the Scalp Level house April 15, begin- 
ning at 8 A. M. Elders' meeting is announced for the 
day preceding, at 9 A. M. 

Southern Iowa sends Bro. J. H. Keller as member 
of the Standing Committee for 1914, Bro. H. C. N. 
Coffman being the alternate. The District sends no 
queries to the Conference. 

Writing from Omaja, Cuba, under date of Jan. 5, 
Bro. A. B. Barnhart says that he and his family are 
delighted with the climate and conditions of Cuba. 
They are to remain there until Feb. 1. 

On page 46 we publish the Financial Report for 
November. It will be noticed that we now have a 
variety of funds. There is no reason why every mem- 
ber should not have ample opportunity to contribute 
to a cause in which he is most interested. 

We are informed that Bro. W. Arnold, of Somerset, 
Ohio, a minister who has spent forty-seven years in 
the Lord's work, and is well known by many of our 
older members, has just recovered from a severe ill- 
ness. Though now past eighty-seven years of age, he* 
is still quite active, and greatly interested in the prog- 
ress of the church. 



We arc gratified to announce that at this writing 
(forenoon of Jan. 13) Bro. Amick is still holding his 
own, and that the slight improvement so far made 
is likely to continue^ 

Bro. I, C. Johnson, of Mechanicsburg, Pa., desires 
us to state that all who are interested will please turn 
to his name in the 1914 Almanac and there record his 
new address, — 24 West Marble Street. 



A card from Bro. J. G. Royer informs us that he 
is in the midst of a series of interesting meetings at 
Lititz, Pa., with excellent attendance and the best of 
attention. Bro. Royer enters upon his Bible work at 
Elizabethtown Jan. 14. 



We are requested to mention the serious illness of 
Eld. Jasper Barnthouse, Uniontown, Pa., who likely 
will have to undergo a critical operation ere he can 
gain expected relief. The prayers of the saints are 
solicited. 

A communication has just reached us from the 
Afton church, Nebr., without the writer's signature. 
This accounts for its non-appearance in the paper, — 
much to our regret as well as that of the congregation 
in question. 

In the list of " Elders and Pastors in Charge of 
Churches " the name of Bro. C. L. Wilkins should ap- 
pear in connection with the Lake View church, Mich. 
We were misinformed as to the name given in the 
1914 Almanac. 

Roxbury church, Johnstown, Pa., is at this writing 
in the midst of a most inspiring revival, conducted by 
Bro. Geo. W. Flory. So far one hundred have de- 
clared their allegiance to Christ. The attendance is 
said to be so large that not all can be accommodated. 



Bro. J. M. Mohler, of Mechanicsburg, Pa., assisted 
the Sidney, Ohio, church in a recent series of meet- 
ings, during which six were enrolled with the believers. 
During a continuation of the meetings by the pastor, 
three more made the good choice, and there are more 
to follow. 

News has just reached us of the death of Bro. 
Thomas G. McMasters, of Waukesha, Pa., who fell 
asleep in Jesus Dec. 31, 1913, aged a few months over 
fifty-five years. His" faithful ■ labors will be greatly 
missed in the Chest Creek church, — the field of his 
activity for many years. 



Bro. Obed Hamstead, of Oakland, Md., recently 
assisted the members of the Pleasant Valley church, 
W. Va., iri a series of meetings. So far ten have en- 
tered the baptismal waters. Two applicants are await- 
ing the administration of the sacred rite, and a num- 
ber of others are seriously impressed. 

In one of the western churches the minister hap- 
pened to be away from home for some months, while 
holding several series of meetings. During his ab- 
sence, however, the church was not left without preach- 
ing services, for the wide-awake deacons came to the 
rescue, and are said to have delivered a number of 
good sermons. Such officials certainly magnify their 
calling. 

Bro. James May, our colored minister at Circle- 
ville, Ohio, has gained possession of the house former- 
ly occupied by the Circleville mission, and proposes to 
enter upon active work among the colored people of 
that place. There seem to be excellent prospects, and 
our only regret is that Bro. May's proposed effort can 
not, for the lack of workers, be duplicated in scores of 
our cities. 

We notice that a few of our Sunday-schools still 
persist in closing for the winter. This, without ques- 
tion, is a grave mistake. There is as great a need of 
Sunday-school activity during the winter as during 
the more favorable part of the year. Then, too, the 
long winter evenings afford the best of opportunity 
for a thorough study of the Word in preparation for 
an intelligent understanding of the lessons. 

After spending several weeks in Southern Indiana, 
in behalf of Publishing House interests, Bro. John E. 
Metzger, our efficient field worker, returned to his 
home at Rossville, Ind., where he has been enjoying a 
much needed rest since Christmas. On a recent visit 
to Elgin he informed us that good success attended 
his labors last year, and that the Messenger and 
other House publications are gaining in favor with 
the people. 



Bro. A. L. B. Martin has severed his connection 
as pastor of the church at Long Beach, Cal., and, 
after attending the Conference at Seattle, Wash., will 
return to his home in the East. Those desiring to 
secure his services for a series of meetings, may ad- 
dress him at 1415 Appleton Street, Long Beach, Cal. 

Bro. Andrew Spanogle, of Lewistown, Pa., ac- 
companied by his two daughters, is spending the 
winter at Eustis, Fla., occupying a part of the same 
cottage in which Brother and Sister Moore have 
rooms. Bro. Spanogle is ninety-one years of age, and 
has spent several winters in the South. He finds 
Florida a splendid place for aged people. Every day 
he may be seen on the streets of Eustis, enjoying the 
charms so richly bestowed by nature in that genial 
clime. 

News has just reached us of the death of Bro. 
David Dilling, of Monticello, Ind., who went to his 
reward Jan. 2, aged about fifty-four years. Bro. 
Dilling represented Middle Indiana on the Standing 
Committee at the Conference of last year, and at the 
time of his death was in charge of several churches. 
We hope to have a more extended notice of his active 
life at an early date. An obituary notice, received 
just before going to press, arrived too late for inser- 
tion in the proper department. 

In an eastern congregation the children were given 
five or ten cents each, to invest for missions in what- 
ever way they deemed proper, and to report the result 
at the end of the year. When the proceeds were 
counted, on a recent Sunday evening, it was found 
that the few dimes and nickels had, by the industry 
of the children and the Lord's blessing, been increased 
"to $41.42, — surely a fine showing! As those children 
grow older, this lesson in working for the Lord will 
undoubtedly prove an incentive to still greater achieve- 
ments. 

We are requested again to announce upon what 
terms the Messenger- may be sent as a donation. As 
repeatedly stated in these columns heretofore, — any 
one wishing to donate the Messenger to poor mem- 
bers may secure the same at the rate of $1 per annum. 
Those who wish to reach nomncmbers, and think 
of using the Messenger as a missionary agency, may 
secure it at the rate of fifty cents per year. This 
affords a very convenient means of reaching a large 
number of people with the Gospel Message at but a 
small expense. 

Words well worth heeding, — words that should burn 
into the inner consciousness of all, — were recently ut- 
tered by an earnest evangelist -in the following: "I 
don't like to see a man, when his wife dies, go to the 
florist and pay $15 or $20 for a pillow with ' At Rest ' 
on it. It isn't the flowers that provoke me, but the fact 
that he couldn't buy any flowers for the poor woman 
until the weary, toilworn hands were folded at last up- 
on her breast. He never thought enough of her to buy 
her flowers before. If men would spend more money 
for flowers, the divorce courts would not be crowded 
as they are. That poor woman had earned every flow- 
er that was lavished upon her coffin." 



There is nothing like a band of wide-awake mem- 
bers to solve weighty problems as they present them- 
selves. Recently the members of the young men's 
Bible class at Sidney, Ohio, found themselves seriously 
cramped in the limited quarters at their disposal, the 
class having grown to an enrollment of about forty. 
They determined to secure better accommodations. 
On the day appointed, they secured the necessary lum- 
ber and soon provided themselves with commodious 
quarters at the other end' of the basement. Their old 
room was placed at the disposal of the primarv depart- 
ment for a much needed class room. If there is a will, 
there is generally a way, and much may often be gained 
by the application of a little energy at the proper time 
and in the right place. 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 17, 1914. 



41 



A letter from Bro. Moore informs us that on Sun- 
dav Tan- 4. he again preached in the church out in the 
woods, a picture of which appears on page 35 of this 
issue. He speaks about picking oranges and grape 
fruit right from the trees, gathering bouquets of fine, 
red roses, and describes the flourishing gardens. We 
trust that Brother and Sister Moore may gather re- 
newed strength while enjoying the balmy clime of the 
Peninsula State. 

A brother who recently sent $3 that the Messen- 
ger may be sent regularly to six of his unconverted 
neighbors, is much impressed by the fact that the paper 
will do its allotted work if there is but the right sort 
of disposition, on the part of the membership, to live 
out what the Messenger teaches. We quote a part of 
his letter, and what he says will do to think about, and 
think seriously: "Pray for us that our lives may be 
lights to them, and that we may have tact and wisdom, 
to know how to approach these people to help them 
to better lives, yea, lives in Christ Jesus! " 



Appealing to Wrong Motives. 

A correspondent wishes to know whether it is right 
to raise money, by means of oyster suppers, for re- 
ligious purposes. We are told that suppers of this 
type are given in connection with entertainments con- 
ducted under the name of religion. This comes under 
the head of the church festival business, and involves 
all classes of meals and entertainments, conducted with 
a view of raising money for church or charitable pur- 
poses. 

In our judgment, this whole business of serving 
meals for the purpose of advancing the religious in- 
terest of a community is a detriment to the cause it is 
intended to aid. It is all right to serve meals to people 
who need something to eat, and to charge them a rea- 
sonable price for the service rendered, but to offer a 
meal for the purpose of bringing them together, with 
the excuse of raising money for the cause of Christ, is 
to appeal to their appetites rather than to their higher 
motives. Methods of this kind tend to lower the Chris- 
tian religion in the estimation of many sensible and 
honest people who make no profession. 

Furthermore, there is nothing about the ice cream 
and oyster supper religion to develop the higher and 
better parts in men and women. ' There is nothing 
about it to encourage the spiritual growth of people. 
Tt may bring them together, and enable them to have 
what they call a " good time," but there is nothing in 
an entertainment of this sort to make church members 
feel that they have thereby been permitted to be in 
heavenly places in Christ Jesus. 

It is an error to suppose that these entertainments 
help to advance the religious interest of the commun- 
ity. In the long run they have just the opposite result. 
Get people in the habit of coming to the house of God 
for the purpose of feasting and having an enjoyable 
time, and .that will soon be the sum total of their re- 
ligious experience. All they can be induced to see, in 
the mission of the church, will be the loaves and fishes. 
There were people of that kind in the time of Christ, 
and there are plenty of them yet. 

The Brethren have always been opposed to church 
festivals and entertainments of like character, and if 
we would keep up our high standard for piety, we 
must see to it that our houses of worship are closed 
against all gatherings of this sort. They have proven 
the spiritual ruination of other churches, and will 
prove the ruination of ours if we once open our doors 
to them. There are not a few earnest preachers in 
other churches who would be only too glad to get rid 
of church festivals, ice cream sociables and oyster sup- 
pers, and if our preachers are wise they will not only 
oppose the introduction of such innovations, but they 
will, by their example, give no one occasion for being 
misled. 

If people are hungry, feed them, whether at church 
or any place else, but avoid the offering of loaves and 
fishes as an excuse for bringing them together. If 
money is to be raised for the cause of religion or char- 
ity, let it be given direct. Train men and women to do 
their giving in this way, and you will make of them 
conscientious and liberal givers. J. h. m. 



The Modernization of the City of Jerusalem. 

October 2, 1187, the gates of Jerusalem were open- 
ed to the victorious Moslem general Saladin, and since 
then it has been virtually u.ider Mohammedan rule. 
Under this rule, for all these centuries, the " City of 
the Great King " has been a waste place and a house 
of mourning. Its narrow streets, its indescribable 
filth, especially in the Jewish quarter, its lack of all 
sanitary improvement and its general aspect of ruin, 
have made the Holy City an eyesore to all who have 
visited the place. 

" Beautiful for situation, the joy of the whole earth, 
is mount Zion, on the sides of the north, the city of 
the great King," 1 says the sweet singer of Israel. The 
picture is not overdrawn. With its salubrious climate, 
with a plentiful supply of water within easy distance, 
and the natural facility for drainage, with a proper 
sewage system, Jerusalem might be made a delightful 
place of residence. Heretofore hut little has been 
done to improve the city. The Moslem government, 
the foe of all modern improvement, refused to have 
water brought into the city, and the people arc com- 
pelled to depend on cisterns, — these often filthy, — and 
water is the most precious commodity in Jerusalem. 

But now all this is to be changed, and Jerusalem is 
to have waterworks, an adequate system of sewers, a 
general cleaning up and everything is.to bo modernized. 
Mr. Nathan Straus, one of New York's wealthiest 
Jewish merchants, has retired from business to devote 
the rest of his time and his many millions to the better- 
ment of Palestine, and especially the City of Jerusalem, 
Mr. Straus has already given over two million dollars 
for charitable purposes in this country. His giving 
has been undenominational and for the general good. 
The Literary Digest of Jan. 3 tells of Mr. Straus' 
intentions and publishes~an interview with the philan- 
thropist: " He proposes the entire modernization of a 
city which many races and at least three religions have 
fought for, — which all Christendom and all Israel 
holds in solemn veneration, yet which has been allowed 
to fall into deplorable conditions. 

" Mr. Straus is broad, kind, able, systematic, persist- 
ent, resourceful. To the work he will devote all his 
time, and he brings to it imagination— and obviously 
a deep devotion, which dates from the sinking of the 
Titanic, when his brother Isidor went down, and Isi- 
dor's wife, arm in arm with him, refusing rescue, say- 
ing, ' We have been so long together we can not sepa- 
rate now.' 

" Nathan Straus had fust been to Palestine. He 
told press correspondents in Rome : ' You know I am 
non-denominational, although I believe that no preach- 
er of the gospel of any denomination should undertake 
to convey a great spiritual message to any sect without 
first experiencing the extraordinary religious sensibil- 
ity which a visit to Palestine will give him. It is a 
wonderful experience, a necessary part of his educa- 
tion, to immerse himself in the remarkable atmosphere 
of religious feeling which pervades the Holy Land. 
The pilgrims who go there in great numbers from all 
over the world do so to purge themselves of all mate- 
rial experiences, to justify the spiritual impulses of 
their nature. 

" ' The needs of Palestine are very great. I have 
done all that a man of my means can afford, but it is 
only a mite to what could be accomplished if sufficient 
funds were available. Whoever comes forward and 
supplies the means will he instrumental in creating a 
resurrected Holy Land, again flowing with milk and 
honey. 

" ' I went to Jerusalem last year because I was drawn 
there by associations of the Holy Land. I found con- 
ditions' that appalled me. Starvation and disease held 
the people in their grip. I did what one man could do 
to relieve the unfortunate, establishing a health depart- 
ment for Palestine, and soup-kitchens in Jerusalem at 
which 330 people are fed daily. 

" ' Jerusalem stands on a hill, and there is every rea- 
son why it should be made as healthful and delightful 
a place to live in as the most modern city in the world. 
What is chiefly needed is modern water-works. There 
is plenty of water to be had if proper pumping stations 



were erected. At the present time water is the most 
precious possession of the household. It is kept in 
cisterns under lock and key ; every drop of it is valu- 
able, because there is no water-system available. The 
defects of the sanitary arrangements of the city on this 
account are terrible. 

" * In Jerusalem there is only one good hotel, and 
what capital is invested there is mostly foreign. There 
is some rumor that a trolly-line is to be built from Je- 
rusalem to Jaffa, which is being financed, I believe, by 
Belgian capital. There is absolutely no American 
money invested anywhere in Palestine, and yet there 
should be, because the country is fruitful. I have seen 
no better orange groves anywhere than in Palestine, 
and, besides, the world owes a tribute to the historic 
features of the Holy Land.' " 

If the life of Mr. Straus is spared and other wealthy 
men join him in this most laudable enterprise, who can 
foresee what may be accomplished, in the way of im- 
provement, in Palestine in the next ten years? Does 
all this betoken the fulfillment of prophecy? Does 
this indicate the coming of the day when " the wilder- 
ness and the solitary place shall be glad for them ; and 
the desert shall rejoice, and blossom as the rose"? 2 Is 
the lime of the Gentiles nearing its fulness, 3 when a 
remnant of Israel shall be saved? At the very least 
this movement will give the followers of Christ food 
for thought. Before the close of this present year, 
under God's blessing, the Church of the Brethren will 
have taken the initiative in starting a mission in Pales- 
tine. For a time at least, Jerusalem will be the head- 
quarters of the mission. From this center the supplies 
of the missionaries will be drawn. Those who are 
permitted to take charge of the work may see wonder- 
ful changes in the Holy Land in the course of a few 
years to come. D . l. m. 



•Tsuiuii 36: i. 



'Psalm 48: 2. 



Word Symbols. 

God, after creating the various " beasts of the field " 
and " fowls of the air," entrusted the naming of them 
to Adam. This seems to have been one of his first du- 
ties. In the doing of this, he found that all living 
creatures were in pairs, — male and female. Adam 
himself, however, had no mate. In all the realm of 
nature there was no being with whom to associate. 

But in thinking of this subject,— of giving all these 
animals names, by which they were to be known and 
symbolized, — we were impressed by the fact that a 
large task had been given to Adam. Then, too, we 
were made to wonder what kind of a preparation 
Adam would need for a work of this kind,— the basis 
on which the naming was done, — and whether there 
was any relation between the name given and the na- 
ture and character of the animal, — its habits, form, or 
general disposition. 

Of course, this brings up some other thoughts and 
questions, — the origin of words, and the origin of 
things, and the question as to which antedates the oth- 
er; what kind of a vocabulary Adam had; how he got 
it, and many other like questions that force themselves 
upon us, though beyond our ken. But as it is not nec- 
essary for us to be able to see through all these things, 
in order to continue our original line of thought, we 
will stop right here and allow the readers to continue 
it at their pleasure. 

Words, as we have them in our different languages, 
are rather interesting and peculiar combinations, and 
it is very certain that, beyond the understanding we 
have of them, they are necessarily meaningless. Un- 
less, as we see them, they symbolize to our senses a 
something, a picture, or give us subjects for our 
thoughts, and give us an intelligent impression, they 
are lifeless and do not mean more to us than hearing a 
man read or speak an unknown language or tongue. 
No, not as much even, because in hearing a man read 
or speak, we have the advantage of facial and vocal 
expression, which stir up our feelings and awaken our 
sympathies, even if we fail to see the thing symbolized 
by the word used to describe it. How utterly mean- 
ingless to us are words, used in our hearing, which 
we do not understand,— even if given in our own lan- 
guage 1 And yet, do you know that we have an untold 



42 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 17, 1914. 



number of persons who pronounce words, and read 
fairly well, and yet do not understand what they read? 
This is because they do not see the thing, or things, 
symbolized or pictured. 

A little girl once said to her mama, " Mama, what 
is a tadpole? " The answer was: " Why, daughter, it's 
a frog before it drops its tail." Now, as it happened, 
the daughter had never seen either a frog or a tadpole, 
and what kind of a picture do you suppose the daugh- 
ter got from this explanation? The words were both 
meaningless to her, and therefore no impression was 
made on her mind. In our reading, every descriptive 
word used, and not understood, is impressiohless, and 
no additional knowledge results therefrom. 

The Ethiopian was found reading the Scriptures, 
and when asked, " Understandest thou what thou 
readest ? " the answer was, "How can I, except some 
man should guide me?" What was wrong with this 
man's reading? He was seeing only words, the gist of 
which he did not see or understand. The meaning 
which he had of them did not symbolize anything, — 
gave him no pictures of the things after which he was 
seeking", His mind was left void: 

The writing of books is simply a describing of 
things which the author wishes others to see as he sees 
them. He docs this by using word symbols, and the 
scct'ct of the success of the author is seen in his use 
of such words as are descriptive and readily under- 
stood by the general reader. Otherwise the reader 
fails to see and understand the things which the author 
tried to describe. 

Many authors, to help their readers to understand 
tin- things that are described, have artists to illustrate, 
by drawings and pictures, the things they wish to de- 
scribe more fully than can be done by word pictures. 
This adds greatly to the interest of the book, so far 
as the general reader is concerned. Many of our most 
acceptable dictionaries use the same method of adding 
interest and clearness to the definitions of things that 
are not so commonly known. 

We also have our illustrated Bibles, the engravings 
of which lend additional interest to the text, — for our 
children and young people, as well as the older ones. 
Who is it that has not received lasting impressions of 
Bible stories and scenes from pictures seen in our 
Bibles?. Of course, many of them are imaginary, but 
i nic enough to life to impress the mind and heart with 
the real. Here we have the old patriarchs, — Abraham 
preparing to offer his son Isaac, Jacob returning to his 
father's home with his drove of cattle, his vision of the 
ladder that reached up from earth to heaven, Lot, his 
wife and two daughters escaping from the city of 
the plains. Then we have Job, covered with boils, 
lying in ashes, and his miserable comforters sitting 
by his side. 

Tn another picture we have Christ at a wedding 
feast in Cana. We see his mother, and the water jugs 
filled with the Christ-made wine. Again, we have 
him at Jacob's well, conversing with the Samaritan 
woman, in the garden of. Gethsemane. bearing the 
cross up to Calvary's height, the rolling away of the 
stone, the resurrection scene, and many other illus- 
trations of his wonderful life, tragic death, glorious 
resurrection and triumphant ascension. These all viv- 
idly set forth his illustrious and wonderful life among 
men. 

The graphic story of the man who fell among 
thieves and was kindly befriended by the good Samar- 
itan, while the selfish, self-appointed priest passed by 
on the other side, is a sample of hundreds of others 
that might be named. The fact is, the whole Bible 
story could be aptly put in word pictures, in a way 
that would the more readily reach the minds and 
hearts of the people, because, unless the words used 
give the reader the picture of the thing to be shown, 
the description is a failure. h. b. b. 



Our Visit to the Foreign Mission Fields. 

No. 7.— Ping Ting Chou— The Work— The Workers. 

Ping Ting Chou is the northern station of the 

Brethren Chinese Mission. The other station, Liao. 

Chou, is about seventy-five miles farther south. This 

station is five miles from the railroad, "while the 



lower station is about eighty miles inland, and 
both travel and transportation of freight are by 
donkey. It is a marvel to see how freight is moved 
without wagon or cart. It is no uncommon thing 
to see the donkey waddling along, with a load of 
lumber or posts or big boxes or trunks, and such like. 
The Chinese understand thoroughly the art of roping 
a big load onto this patient beast of burden. Without 
any resentment, except a grunt now and then, the poor 
little thing moves off with it. Usually they move in 
caravans, and one caravan after another is met on 
the way. A few days ago we met forty-odd in one 
caravan, all loaded with dry hides, — hides of every 
description, it appeared to us, and further, it would 
seem that the whole country had been skinned. 

Ping Ting Chou is located in a mountainous dis- 
trict, with the mountains close around, beautifully 
terraced, giving the city a handsome setting. It has 
a population of about 3,500. It is noted especially for 
its good schools. It has a good high school, with 
seven teachers, supported by the Government, besides 
the common schools, and one of these is a girls' school. 
It is a decidedly forward step for China to provide 
education for her girls. It means much for the fu- 
ture of the country. Illiteracy in China runs very 
high, especially among the women. Probably 80 per 
cent of the men, and a much higher percentage of 
the women can not read. Taking the sexes together, 
probably 90 per cent are totally illiterate. Think of 
it! 

Its schools, with its educated people, give the city 
its importance. It is regarded as the seat of learning 
and culture in this section. This condition affords the 
mission advantage in many ways. The people are 
more accessible, and more easily prepared for mem- 
bership. Then, such people, when converted, will 
have a wide influence over others. As the city is an 
educational center, with Christianity established within 
its precincts, it will become a religious center also, 
sending out its influence and power in every direction. 
Such, is the location and opportunity of the mission at 
Ping Ting Chou. 

The work began here five years ago, or rather, 
the first workers came out then. But the first years 
had to be given to the study of the language. Breth- 
ren F. C. Crumpacker and wife, G. W. Hilton and 
wife, and Sister Emma Horning, arrived in -the fall 
of 190S, so that the work is only about three years 
old. At present the membership consists of twenty- 
five natives. . Two of them are sisters recently bap- 
tized. It marks the beginning among the women. 
And this means much. 

The Boys' School has an enrollment of forty, with 
two teachers, both members of the church. They are 
paid $S and $5.50 per month, respectively. The 
head-teacher is considered a well-educated man here.' 
The training he has had is about equal to the high 
school course at home, — probably a little more, — and 
he is a man of considerable influence in his city. 

The school has been much in need of buildings 
and general equipment. Grounds have been purchased 
and good buildings are almost finished. The school 
edifice is 104 x 28 feet, two stories. There are seven- 
teen sleeping" rooms, arranged after Chinese style, be- 
sides bathroom and another small room or two on 
the first floor; assembly room, five recitation rooms 
and office on second floor. The dining room, 100 x 14 
feet, one-story, is divided into several apartments. 
There is a large dining room, the cook room, storage 
room and servant's quarters. It stands near the main 
building. The reception room is 30 x 15 feet, one 
story- The gate, gatekeeper's room, an open shed and 
boys' toilet are combined into one structure. A good 
well, nicely walled, is in the midst of the buildings. 
The grounds cover two and one-half acres, with a new 
wall on one side. The total cost, when the place is 
finished and the grounds shaped up, will be about $5,- 
000. About eighty boys can be comfortably accom- 
modated. 

A little work is yet to be done on the buildings, and 
the grounds are to be shaped up, but matters are far 
enqugh along so that the school was moved into its 
new quarters a day or two ago, and a happy set they 
are. both teachers and boys. At the close of a prayer 



service in the new buildings for the native members, 
Bro. Yin, the head teacher, presented the need of a 
library for the school. Thirty-two dollars, Mexican 
money, was raised right there and then, $6 of the 
amount by the fourteen native brethren present, and 
some of these were boys. The brethren in the States 
can not know what this amount, small as it may seem, 
means to these poor people. It is a gift right from 
their blood, so to speak, not from their abundance, — 
very unlike conditions at home. 

To complete the story of the work and workers at 
this station will have to be left for another article. 
It seems too long for one. h. c. e. 



The Messenger as a Missionary. 

A devoted brother who, together with his wife, 
contributes $20 annually, that the Messenger may be 
sent to two needy city missions, writes the following: 
" So valuable is the Messenger proving itself to be, 
and so great is the good that has been accomplished 
through its use, that I could not, for a moment, think 
of discontinuing the small part that I may be able 
to have in placing it in the homes of those who are 
hungering for Christ's plain and simple Gospel. I am 
thankful that God has made it possible to keep my 
part of this work going for at least another year. The 
thought that I can have fellowship with those who are 
engaged in performing the greatest and most divine 
task in the world, is a most comforting one. 

'" Wife and I have a system of weekly giving, with 
which we are well satisfied. The apostle Paul recom- 
mends it, and why should we not put it in practice? 
When, a few years ago, we commenced our giving 
along that line, we decided that the Lord should have 
one-tenth of our gross earnings, and he has received 
it ever since. Now he gets one-seventh, and we are 
all the happier. His part is laid by upon the first day 
of each week, ' as he hath prospered/ 

" When I send $20 for forty copies of the Messen- 
ger, I am not giving, but simply distributing the 
Lord's money, laid by weekly ' as he hath prospered.' 
Those who thus plan, always have plenty to give, and 
are never heard to complain. It is a sad fact that 
many of God's dear children never experience the 
joy of liberal and cheerful giving, because they fail 
to give according to. the scriptural plan." 

To those of our readers who have never tried the 
plan outlined above, nor used the Messenger as a 
missionary, we say, " Go and do likewise." 



Love for the Lord's Work. 

One of the flourishing churches in the Middle West 
recently met in a business meeting. Succeeding in 
the disposal of the various items by noon, a social 
meal was enjoyed, and it was then decided to give the 
house a thorough cleaning, to put it into the best pos- 
sible condition. This, to many, might have been a 
wearisome task, but the sister, in reporting the meet- 
ing, declares that it proved a most pleasant occasion 
to all because their heart was in the work, and love 
for the Lord's house was plainly discernible. Is not 
this, after all, the secret of making every task an easy 
one? Were there a greater degree of love in the 
heart, many a task, that now appears to us as the 
meanest drudgery, would take upon itself a rare 
charm. There would be a song in the heart, all the 
day long, where once there was but murmuring and 
repining. __ — ^—_ 

Appreciation of Ministerial Efficiency. 

To provide for the wants of those who " minister 
unto us in spiritual things," is not only an equitable 
return for the efforts thus put forth, but a practice 
fully sustained by apostolic precept. A brother writes 
us of a congregation which showed her appreciation 
of ministerial efficiency in a most practical way. Some 
time ago a number of volunteers went to the pastor's 
field, and helped him with his corn. On Sunday be- 
fore Christmas a number of members and friends sur- 
prised him with a most acceptable donation of pro- 
visions. Evidences like this go far to show the real 
appreciation felt towards a minister. Both donors 
and recipients are richly blessed. 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 17, 1914. 



43 



Notes from Our Correspondents. 

The Following Notes, Crowded Out of Last Issue, Are 
Given Space on This Page. 

CALIFORNIA. 

Cbioo church met In council Doc. 27. Our older. Bro, J. 
Harman Stover, presided. One letter was granted. Bro. 
Thomas Kline was elected clerk and treasurer: the writer, 
correspondent and Messenger agent; Sister Agnes Hollengren. 
chorister; Bro. J. Harman Stover, president of the prayer 
meeting- ' Sunday-school officers were elected for six months, 
with Sister Anna Kline as superintendent, and Bro. Vern 
Brown as secretary. Sister Helen Hollengren is president of 
the Christian "Workers' Meeting, and Miss Carrie Raab Is sec- 
retary. Our services are well attended. Our Sunday-school 
i* very promising. Our series of meetings Is to be conducted 
by Bro. C. S. Garber.— J. C. Wright. Box 51S, Chlco. Cal„ Jan. 

CHendora. — Previous to Dec. 21 it was decided that the Sun- 
day-school bring gifts for the poor. On that day. therefore, 
there was a goqdly lot of articles brought in. which were 
taken into Los Angeles, to be given to the poor nt one of our 
missions. On Christmas Eve the Sunday-school rendered a 
very appropriate program, after which the members of the 
school were treated to candy. Dec. 27 the church met in 
council, with Eld. 5. W. Funk In charge. Elders G. F. Chem- 
berlen and M. M. Eshelman were in attendance. The new 
officers were chosen for the coming year. Bro. Funk was 
chosen elder, and Sister Dove L. Sauble was reelected mis- 
sionary Bro. J. C. Whitmer was chosen superintendent of 
Sunday-school. Sister Delia Starner was elected president 
cf the Christian Workers' Meeting. Sister Wilson Miller was 
elected church correspondent. The missionary report for 
the year was veiy encouraging. We raised $90 in the pri- 
mary department for missions last year, which was used in 
supporting two orphans, one each In China and India, and 
some toward the Boys' and Girls' Schools in China. We have 
about seventy on our primary roll, with an average attend- 
ance of fifty. We trust that our church may become more 
consecrated and may do better work this year than it ever 
has before. We are expecting Bro. C. S. Garber to hold a re- 
vival meeting for us in February. — Mrs. Temple Sauble 
Funk, Charteroak, Cal., Dec. 31. 

Kerman church met In council Dec. 27. Our elder, Bro. S, 
E Edgecomb, presided. One letter of membership was re- 
ceived. Our Sunday-school officers were elected for six 
months. Sister Maria Edgecomb Is superintendent, and Sis- 
ters Effie and Sara Spoerlein are secretary and treasurer, re- 
spectively. Sister Edgecomb was also elected correspondent 
for the next year. Our sisters will organize their Aid So- 
ciety on New Year's Day. — Ella Deeter, Box 19, Kerman, Cal.. 
Dec. 31. 

COLORADO. 

Colorado City. — We met In council on the evening of Dec. 
31. All church, Sunday-school and Christian Workers' offi- 
cers were elected for the ensuing year. Bro. Chas. Weaver 
is our Sunday-school superintendent, and Bro. E. F. Sherfy is 
Messenger agent. Two certificates of membership wore 
granted.— Bettle Root, 535 Enrich Street, Colorado City, Colo., 
Jan. 2. 

Tlrst Grand Valley. — Dec. 20 we held our last council for 
1913. We made choice of Bro. Salem Beery, of Debeqoc, Colo., 
as oiir elder. Bro. J. D. Coffman was chosen as Sunday-school 
superintendent for six months. Sister Delia Coffman was 
elected president of our Young People's Meetings. Sister 
Pearl Lapp is our correspondent.— D. M. Click, R. D. 2, Grand 
Junction, Colo., Jan. 2. 

Smltli Fork. — We met in council with Eld. George A. Dove, 
our assistant elder, presiding. Three letters were received, 
and one was granted. Bro. Salem Beery, of Debeque, Colo., 
was elected as elder in charge for the coming year; Sister 
Dollie Flynn, clerk; the writer, correspondent and Sunday- 
school superintendent. Our church seems to be in good .work- 
ing order. We have many natural resources here, and a fine 
climate, — no high winds, no cyclones, no blizzards. — W. B. 
Eby, Crawford, Colo., Jan. 1. 

Sterling church met in council Dec. 27. Eld. D. B. Miller 
presided. Church officers were elected for 1914. Bro. David 
G. Wine, of Enders, Nebr., was chosen as older in charge; 
Sister Ollie TJllery, clerk; Bro. R. J. Patterson, treasurer; the 
writer, corresponding secretary. Sunday-school and Christian 
Workers' officers were elected for six months. Sister Lenora 
Yates is our Sunday-school superintendent, and Sister Opal 
North is secretary. Bro. Arthur Yates is president of our 
Christian Workers' Meeting, and Sister Anna Thompson Is 
secretary-treasurer. Sister Sadie Groff was reelected super- 
intendent of the home department, and Sister Ollie Ullery, 
superintendent of the cradle roll. On the evening of Dec. 28 
we had a Bpecial missloary program. We have a birthday 
offering box, and by the aid of the Sunday-school we decided 
to support two boys In the India Boys' School. We are In the 
midst of a series of meetings, conducted by our pastor, Bro. 
J. C. Groff. We will have our love feast on the evening of 
Jan. 11. — (Mrs.) Cora E. Miller, Atwood, Colo., Dec. 31. 

IDAHO. 

Lost Biver. — Bro. S. S. Neher, of Twin Falls. Idaho, came 
Dec. 19 and held a few meetings. At our council we elected 
our church and Sunday-school officers. Bro. C. Forney, of 
Twin Falls, was chosen elder for one year: Bro. Isaac Thomas, 
foreman; Bro. John Beeghly, secretary; Bro. R. Troup, treas- 
urer, and the writer, Messenger correspondent. Bro. Rolley 
Troup was elected superintendent of our Sunday-school. We 
held a Sunday-school Convention Dec. 21, It was an all-day 
meeting, and everybody was Inspired to press forward in the 
Sunday-school work. The Sunday-school children gave a fine 
program on Christmas Eve to a crowded house.— Alice Sutter, 
Leslie, Idaho. Dec. 31. 

Nezperce church met in council, and the following officers 
were elected for 1914: Bro. B. J. Flke, reelected elder in 
charge; Bro. Iven Jorgans, reelected clerk; Bro. Frank Fike, 
treasurer; Bro. Vern Swartz, usher; the writer, correspondent. 
Sunday-school officers were elected, with Bro. A. R. Fike as 
superintendent, and Bro. George Thomas secretary. Sister 
Merle Johnson was chosen president of our Christian Work- 
ers' Meeting, and Sister Bertha Boydoyd, secretary. Sister 
Mattie Thomas was elected president of the prayer meeting. 
We secured Bro. George W. Flory, of Covington, Ohio, to 
preach for us In June, prior to the Annual Meeting. — Wm. H. 
Lichty, Nezperce, Idaho, Jan. 1. 

ILLINOIS. 

Chicago. — Bro. Cletus E. Holmes, formerly of Wenatchee, 
Wash., was taken seriously ill with chronic appendicitis, after 
being but three days In Bethany Bible School in December. He 
had long looked forward to the time when he could take work at 
Bethany, and notwithstanding the severe disappointment, he 
has by God's grace, borne all his great suffering with much 
patience. Sister Holmes wishes to say to his many friends 
that he is now recovering nicely. She is thankful for the 
prayers and expressions of love and sympathy during their 
anxious moments, when God showed himself strong in their 
behalf, in comfort and .healing when physicians had almost 
lost hope. — Mrs. David P. Schechter, 3435 Van Buren St., Chi- 
cago, III., Jan. 3. 

Oakley church met in council Dec. 20, with Eld. D. J. Blick- 
enstaff presiding. Having decided to support Sister Ida Buck- 
ingham on the mission field in Sweden, ways and means were 
considered. Eld. W. T. Heckman was chosen presiding elder 



for a term of two years, Bro. O. G. Davis was chosen super- 
intendent of the Sunday-school, and Sister Cella Hamm as 
secretary. Bro. Earl Miller was chosen president of the Chris- 
tian Workers' Meeting for a term of nine months. A number 
of other officers were also chosen to complete the organiza- 
tion of the church work for the coming vear. — J. J. Hamm, 
R. D. 2. Cerro Gordo, 111.. Jan. 1. 

Mt. FU-.is.iur. — Last Sunday. I closed an eight-day Bible In- 
tltute In the Mt. Pleasant congregation. Ipava, 111. We had 
a grand season of worship and study. Some are becoming 
aroused to the need of a yearly Bible school, — D. F. Warner, 
Chicago. 111.. Jan. 1. 

INDIANA. 

Beaver Creek, — Our church met In council Dec. 13. Our 
elder. Bro. J. G. Stinebaugh, presided. Our series of meet- 
ings closed Dec. 23. Bro. Stinebaugh ably conducted the serv- 
ices. Sister Margaret Brim had charge of the song service 
The members were much strengthened and encouraged In the 
faith. Our Bible class, conducted by Brother and Sister Bru- 
bal-sr, of North Manchester, closed Dec. 28. Our class was fed 
on dospel truth. — Sarah Hahn, R. D. 1. Pulaski, Ind., Dec. 29. 

Bethel Center church met In council Dec. 13. Our elder, 
Bro. W. L. Hatcher, presided. Our collection amounted to 
$11. Our elder having tendered his resignation. Bro. Fadely, 
of Middlotown, Ind., agreed to act as our elder. — Annie Rog- 
ers. R. D. 24, Matthews. Ind., Doc 30. ' 

Fort Wayne church convened In council Dec, '''*. with out" 
elder, Bro. David Metzler. presiding. We Organized our Sun- 
day-school, with Bro. LnngstalT as superintendent. Bro. F. 
P. Colclesser wns chosen church clerk, and the writer corre- 
spondent. — J. Ahner, 2346 Anthony 13oulevnrd, Fort Wayne. 
Ind., Jan. 1. 

Goshen City chureh met In council Dec. 18 and elected offi- 
cers for the coming year. Bro. D. R. Yoder WM chosen su- 
perintendent of thoj Sunday-school; Bro. Orle BIgler, president 
of our* Christian Workers' Meeting; Sister Laura Schrock, 
chorister for church services. On Sunday evening, Doc. 21, 
our Christmas program was rendered by tho children and 
i oung people of thjs congregation. A very large audience 
was present. — Dora Stiver, GOG South Fifth Stroet, Goshon, 
Ind., Dec. 29. 

Goshen (West Side). — We mot In council Dec. 31. Our 
older, Bro. C. A. Hubor, presided. Brethren Hiram Forney 
and W. H. Greenowalt, of the city church, were with us. 
One letter was received, Church officers wore elected for the 
coming year, with the ret'loction of Bro. C. A. Hnhor as older; 
Bro. Mllo H. Crlpe, secretary; Brn. Jacob I'lery, treasurer; 
Bro, BenJ. Ganger, trustee; Bin Elmer Kauffman. president 
of our Christian "Workers' Mooting; Sister Sarah Shldlor, 
church correspondent, and tho writer, Sunday-school superin- 
tendent. — Bertha George, 107 Beikoy Avenue, Goshen, Ind., 
Jan, 2. 

Marion. — We closed a very Interesting series of mooting" 
on Sunday night. Brethren Shultz and Sellers, of Manchester 
College, conducted the services, which proved strengthening 
to all. They delivered fifteen sermons. On Christmas morn- 
ing Bro. Schwaln* preached a splendid sermon, after which 
the things, donated and bought for the needy, were distributed 
to them. Bro. Roy or conducted tho song services at our 
meetings, which we appreciated very much. Three were bap- 
tized, and one Is awaiting baptism.— Rosa France, 1C10 West 
First Street. Marion. Ind., Dec. 31. 

Upper Foil Creek. — Last Saturday our church mot In omin- 
cll nt the Honey Crook house, with our older, Bro. D. F. 
Hoover, presiding. Church officers wore selected for the on- 
suing year, with Bro, Frank Martin an superintendent. Bro. 
Abraham Miller was reelected ns trustee of the cemetery, 
Brethren D. F. Hoover and David Miller nro our Auditing 
Committee, and the writer Is correspondent. Two letters of 
membership were handed In. Our Thanksgiving offering 
amounted to (9.81. Bro. Roof, of Anderson, preached for us 
Dec. 21 at Middlelown. A few weeks ago Bro. Brown preached 
for us. as Brethren Hoover and Fadely were away.— -Florida 
J. E. Green, Box 125, MIddletown, Ind,, Dor, 30, 

walnut. — Dec. 20 our church met In council. Bro. John 
Appleman, of Plymouth, Ind., our elder In charge, presided, 
Bro. Reuben Shroyer. of Now Berlin, Ohio, is now on- 
gaged In a series of meetings, Good interest Is being mani- 
fested, — D. R. Rohrer. Argos, Ind., Jan. 1. 

IOWA. 

English B-lver. — We have just enjoyed a week's Bible term, 
conducted by Eld. E. B. Hoff, of Bethany Bible school. Our 
Sunday-school officers and teachers are entering upon their 
work with becoming zeal and determination. Our Christian 
Workers' Meetings, as well as all other church activities, are 
prospering. One was baptized since our last report. — Peter 
Brower. South English, Iowa. Dec. 31. 

Garrison. — Our congregation met in council Dec, 20, with 
Bro. W, H. Long presiding. Wo reorganized our Sunday- 
school, with Bro. Frank Edmister as superintendent. The 
writer was chosen church correspondent. Sister Marie Jasper. 
District Sunday-school secretary, was with us Dec. 28. Her 
visit was greatly appreciated. — Minnie Gnagy, R, D. 2. Dysart. 
Iowa, Dec. 31. 

Grundy County church has Just closed an eight-day Bible 
Institute. Bro. Paul Mohler. of Chicago, taught tho losaons 
in an interesting and Instructive way. We reorganized our 
Sunday-school with the same superintendent, Bro. F, O. Shol- 
ler. Our average attendance for the year 1913 was 130, and 
our average collections nearly $0.— Hannah C. Messer, Grundy 
Center, Iowa, Dec. 30. 

Prairie City church met In council Dec. 27. Eid. J. Q. 
Goughnour and family of Ankeny, Iowa, were with us. Their 
presence added to the pleasure of the meeting. Bro. B, F. 
Buckingham was advanced to the second degree of the min- 
istry. Sunday-school officers were elected, with Bro. J. B. 
Bowie as superintendent, and Bro. Carl Milleson as secretary. 
Our Christian Worker officers are Bro. Irvln Buckingham, 
president; Sister LIda Cadwallader, secretary-treasurer. 
Sister Flossie Buckingham is chorister at all of our meet- 
ings. Bro. W. T. Buckingham was chosen as our elder for 
another year. Three church letters were granted. Bro. M. 
W. Ikonherry. of Dallas Center, Iowa, preached our annual 
Thanksgiving sermon. Our offering was divided as follows: 
$13 25 to the committee on Child Rescue Work of Middle 
Iowa, (6.25 to the Kansas City Mission, J7 to Bethany Blblo 
School, and J8 to the Chicago Sunday-school Extension Fund. 
Bro. Elkenberry favored us with several good sermons re- 
cently Bro. Goughnour preached a splendfd sermon for us 
yesterday. Bro.. Paul Mohler, of Bethany Bible School, was 
with us a few days, recently, and preached one sermon while 
here. Thus, with the help of our home ministers, we are be- 
ing richly fed from Divine truths, and the work Is moving 
along nicely. — Nellie L. Bowie, Prairie City.. Iowa. Dec, 29. 

Salem- — Our council convened Dec. 27. with our retiring 
elder, Bro. S. Bucklew, presiding. Bro. Homer Caskey was 
chosen correspondent, and the writer Messenger agent. One 
letter was granted, to Bro. Bucklew, and as he is soon to 
leave, Bro. John D. Brower was chosen as our elder for one 
year. The writer and wife were secured for the work at 
Lenox. The church at this place is in a prosperous condi- 
tion. Bro. J. C. Cover conducted the work last year. We ex- 
pe-t Bro. Homer Caskey. of Council Bluffs, to locate with us 
as our pastor. Although there were less than fifteen mem- 
bers at our council, our free-will offering amounted to J36.23. 
Even our distant members remember the Lord's work here, 
and, although they can not be present, make liberal dona- 
tions. Sister Minnie Wray was chosen Sunday-school super- 
intendent, and Sister Bessie Caskey, secretary.— O. C. Caskey, 
Prescott, Iowa, Dec. 30. 



KANSAS. 

Newton — Our church met In council Jan. 2. at the mission 
In town. Tn the absence of Bro. M. J. Mishler. Bro. Leander 
Smith presided. Wo decided to have Bro. J. Edwin Jones, of 
Lamed, Kans., to hold us a series of meetings at the mission 
in town, some time In February. We also decided to have 
Bro. J. A. Thomas hold a series of meetings at the church 
in tho country, as soon as possible. Bro. Thomas has moved 
from Walton, Kans., to the country church southwest of 
Newton. His address now is Nowton, Kans., R. D. 1. He is 
keeping up regular preaching at the church now. The chil- 
dren of our mission Sunday-school rendered a fine Christmas ' 
program on Sunday before Christmas. — Mary Smith, 216 East 
Tenth Street, Newton, Kans., Jan. 2. 

Oiawkle. — Our series of meetings, conducted by Bro. J. E. 
Smith, was interesting and Instructive. The weather was 
very Inclement a part of the time, but the attendance was 
commendable. Our love feast was very spiritual, Bro J. E. 
Smith officiating. One was received by baptism. Bro. E. H. 
Eby recently favored us with a lecture on the conditions, 
needs and work In India. — H. L, Brammell, Ozawkle, Kans., 
Dec. 31. 

Pleasant View church met In council Dec. 29. with Eld. A. 
F. Miller presiding. Officers for the church and Sunday- 
school were elected for the coming year. Bro. J. F. Show- 
alter was elected superintendent, and Bro. Glen Finfrock, 
secretary. Bro. A, G. Miller preached for us on Thanksgiv- 
ing Day, and Bro. Dave Petrle gave us our Christmas lesson. 
— Mary Finfrock. Darlow, Kans,, Jan. 2. 

Topeko, — We met in council Dec. 27. Our elder, Bro. I. H. 
Crist, presided. Officers were elected for the ensuing year as 
follows: Elder, Bro. I. L. Hoover; clerk. Bro. Geo. Mariner; 
treasurer, Bro. Hnrley Taylor; Messenger agent, Bro. Isaac 
Gardner; Messenger correspondent, Sister Minnie Mariner. 
Bro. Harley Taylor is superintendent of our Sunday-school, 
and Sister Etta Rhodes is secretary. Sister Anna Gardner 
wns chosen president of the Christian Workers' Meeting for 
six months. Bro. Ira Weldler was elected and Installed Into 
tlio ministry. Brethren Arthur Stuart and Perry Doyle were 
called to the deacon's office and, with their wives, duly In- 
stalled. One has been received by letter since our last re- 
port. Wo wore favored with the presence of Bro. E. H. Eby 
last Sunday. Ho delivered three very interesting and helpful 
lectures here about his work and experiences In India. — 
Minnie Mariner. 135 Kollam Avenue, Oakland, Kans., Dec. 30. 

MICHIGAN. 

Harlan church mot In council Dec. 27. Our older. Bro. ,T. 
W. Harshbarger, presided. One letter was granted. We re- 
organized our Sunday-school with Bro. A. W. Taylor as su-' 
porintondent and Sister Rlla Patzwall. secretary. Our Sun- 
day-school Is moving olong nicely. Bro. Wm. Patzwall is 
president of our Christian Workers' Meeting, with Sister Ella 
Patzwell as secretary. Bro, Harshbarger was with us over 
Sunday and preached two Inspiring sermons, ■ Our Aid So- 
ciety has held three meetings. Wo have a membership of 
nine at present, and others will Join at our next meeting. — 
Rosa Wellor. R. D. 2, Copoinish, Mich.. Jan. 2. 

Sugar Ridge. — -nee, 31, at 10 A. M,, we met for worship, 
also at 2 P. M-, and In the evening about eighty members sur- 
rounded tho Lord's tables, All of tho thirteen members who 
enmo out on tho Lord's side last August were present. Our 
elder i Bro, John Harsh hargor, officiated, Bro. Chumney. of 
Hart, Mich,, assisted with tho preaching. Bro. Harshbarger 
preached for us Jan. 1, at 10 A, M., and also In the evening. — 
Mary E. Teeter. Scottvillo, Mich,, Jan. 2. 

NEBRASKA. 

Alvo. — Our Christian Workers rendered a splondld Christ- 
mas program on the evening of Dec. 23. The president for 
tho next six months Is Bro. Archie Miller. The teacher-train- 
ing class, though few in number, Is gaining ground, and a 
keen Interest Is shown At a meeting on Thanksgiving Day 
Jfi.75 was collected to bo sent to the Sunday-school Extension 
Fund, in Chicago. — Alta Mnnsclman, Alvo, Nebr., Jan. 1. 

Kearney. — Our ch'urch mot In council Dec. 29, with Bro. Geo. 
Mishler In charge. Two letters were granted. Bro. Mishler 
gave us helpful sormonB both morning and evening on Sun- 
day. A program was rendered on Christmas Eve by tho Sun- 
dny-sehool. Our toacher-trnlnlng class is hold each Friday 
evening, with good Interest. The Bible Institute, with preach- 
ing each evening, In to bogln at the church about Feb. IB. 
with Bro. Paul Mohler in charge.— Mary O. Whitney, Kearney. 
Nebr., Jan, 2. 

OHIO. 

Bellofontalne.— Bro. J. L. Weaver and wife, of Wlndber, 
Pa., are here, ready to take pastoral charge of this church. 
Dec. 28 the children of our Sunday-school rendered their 
Christmas exerclHcs, after which Bro. Weaver gave a very In- 
teresting talk to tho children. Our council was held Dec. 31. 
Officers were elected, with Bro. David Byerly, of Lima, Ohio. 
as elder in charge: Bro. J. H. Swank, trustee; Bro. Mahlon 
Maugans. treasurer; the writer, clerk, church correspondent, 
Messenger agent and Sunday-school superintendent: Sister 
Weaver, superintendent of the home department and cradle 
roll. Bro. J. L. Weaver Is the leader of our prayer meet- 
ing. — Bessie M. Kaylor, Bellofontalne, Ohio, Jan. 2. 

Zast Nimlshlllen. — Our new church In Hartvllle was dedi- 
cated Doc. 21, followed by n week's series of meetings. Bro. 
V. F. Ilolsoppie, of Huntingdon, Pa., did the preaching. Two 
came out on the Lord's side and are awaiting baptism. — A. J. 
«'iiil>er. Mlddlobranch. Ohio, Jan. 2. 

Sugar Creek. — In our last report mention was made of the 
collection of (13.30, taken at the Pleasant View house on 
Christmas Day for the Messenger Poor Fund, The following 
Sunday a collection of $11.50 was taken at the Sugar Creek 
house for the same purpose. The Sunday-school was also 
reorganized, to begin with the new year. Following the usual 
custom, the school had closed at the end of the third quarter. 
Now It Is hoped that, with the assistance of the members 
lately received. It will continue through the year.— Blanche 
Lentz Byerly, Lima. Ohio, Jan. 1, 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

Cofloras, — We met In council Jan. 1. Eld. D. Y. Brillhart 
presided. One certificate of membership was received. Sun- 
day-school officers were elected, with Bro. Robert Krnut as 
superintendent. We decided to hold our love feast May 3 
and 4, at 10 A. M.— J. L. Myers, Loganvllle. Pa., Jan. 2. 

Oonestoga. — Dec. 9 we held our council meeting. Our elder, 
Bro. S. H. HertzJcr. presided. Bro. I. W. Taylor was present 
Bro. John Graybill. with his wife, was restored to the min- 
istry; Bro. D. S. Myer, reelected superintendent of the Bare- 
vllle Sunday-school: Bro. S. R. Wenger, superintendent for 
the Earlvllle Sunday-school. One was baptized since my 
last report. We are still coming a little nearer to getting a 
new ehurehhouse at* Barevllle, A committee was appointed 
to look Into the matter and buy the ground. Dec. 13 Bro. E. 
M. Wenger, of Fredericksburg. Pa., came to us. and we opened 
a series of meetings at the Barevllle house. The Interest and 
attendance were good.— (Mrs.) Sallle Pfautz, R. D. 1. Bare- 
vllle, Pa., Jan. 1. 

jnnlata Park. — This church is now free of debt. Dec. 31 
we burned not only our (2.000 mortgage, but paid up all other 
debts incurred by the building of our ehurehhouse some ten 
years ago. We are grateful to all who contributed to this 
end, and also to our faithful finance committee. — Merle Bral- 
lier. Altoona, Pa.. Jan. 3. 

Lost Creek congregation met in council Jan. 1. with our 
elder Bro. George Strawser. in charge. Two letters were 
granted J B. Frey. R- D 2. Box 80, MIfflintown. Pa.. Jan. 1. 



44 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 17, 1914. 



Notes From Our Correspondents 



Aa cold water to a thirsty soul, so is good news from a far country 



ALABAMA. 
Codar Creek. — A series of cottage meetings was held four 
miles east of Cltronelle, during Which time a new congrega- 
tion, known as Cudar Creek church, was organized. Eld. A. 
E. Ncad presided. — Marie Petcher, Vinegar Bend, Ala., Dec, 
B. 

Foley. — In reply to the many questions asked me, I would 
say. There Is plenty of room for all the missionaries the 
church can send here, to preach the Gospel to the people of 
the South, Foley, Ala., Is seventy miles from the nearest 
congregation of the Church of the Brethren, and only two 
members of the church reside here. — the writer and his wife. 
Surely, some one should break the Bread of Life to the peo- 
ple of this place. A strong man could do a good work here. 
A church may readily be secured. If not, we have quite a 
large house that could be used for a while. The writer has 
done some preaching here In the Baptist and also the Metho- 
dist church, but my age Is against me. — R. J. Shreve, Foley, 
Ala,, Dec. 29. 

CALIFORNIA. 
El Centro. — Bro. Andrew Hutchison began a series of meet- 
ings Tor us Dec. 7, which continued two weeks. His sermons 
were an Inspiration to us. We expect Bro. Bashor to be with 
us In a Sunday-school Meeting Jan. 11. — Mrs. W. M. Piatt, 
El Centro, Cal„ Jan. 9. 

Frultvalo chinch met In council Dee. 27. Our elder, Brn. 
M. E. Andrews, presided. Our Christian Worker and Sunday- 
school officers will he retained for the coming "year. Sister 
Mlle.« was elected clerk. — Bertha G. Kerr. Bangor, Cal.. Jan. 2. 
Iilndaay church met In council Doc. 20. Our elder, Bro. I. 
S. Brut) aft or, presided. Our church. Sunday-school and Chris- 
thin Worker officers were elected for another year. Bro. I. 
s. Brubaker was reelected as our elder In charge; Bro. I. D. 
Ynder, clerk; Bro. A. J. Brubaker, treasurer; Bro. H. B. Miller. 
Messenger agent; Bro. A. O. Brubaker, church correspondent; 
the wrltor, chorister. Bro. H. M. Stutzman was reelected su- 
perintendent of our Sunday-school, and Sister Pauline Miller, 
secretary. Sister Edna Mlshler was reelected president of 
our Christian Workers' Band. On Christmas Eve our Sunday- 
RcllOOl gave a very enjoyable program. Following the 'pro- 
grain, a collection for mission work was lakerr. Quite a num- 
ber of boxes, pnekagos, etc., were also received for the needy 
of our community. Our revival meetings are to begin Jan. 
4, to he conducted by Bro. A. L. B. Martin, of Long Beach. Cal. 
Wo expecl <<i organize a teacher- training class In the near 
future.- Adah A. Brubaker, LlndBuy, Cal., Pec. 31. 

X.oa Angeles,- -We met In council with our elder, Bro. D. W. 
Crist, in charge. Officers for both church and Sunday-school 
wore selected for the ensuing year, with Bro. D. W. Crist, 
olden Brn. I,, r, Hnsfeldt, clerk; Bro. IT. G. Imnn, Messenger 
agent; Sister Hhea Delrdorff, correspondent; Bro. I. G. Crlpe, 
chorister. Bro. c. R Lehmer was elected Sunday-school su- 
perlntendent, and Sister Mary Miller, secretary. Bro. O. G. 
Mil in- Is superintendent of the Santa Fe Mission. Two let- 
lors of membership were received. The Sunday-school chil- 
dren and older ones rendered a very Interesting program on 
Ihe Sunday following Christmas.— Eva M. Frantz, 3125 North 
Broadway, Los Angeles, Cal., Dec. 31, 

Patterson.— The BIhle Institute for the Northern District 
of California was held here Dec. 21 to 28. We were fortunate 
in securing the services of Bro, J. E, Souders, and Bro. G. 
W. Kleffaber. of Lordsburg College; also Bro. S. F. Sanger, of 
Empire. Brn. Souders gave us some highly Instructive les- 
sons from the Book of Matthew, while Bro. Kleffaber' s lessons 
were given from Acts. He also gave us some doctrinal les- 
sons, all of which were greatly appreciated. The talks on 
• Church Government." by Bro. Sanger, were excellent. The 
Illustrated lectures by Bro. Souders, on Palestine, China and 
Japan, each evening, were a real treat. Bro, J. B. Deardorff 
was ordained lo the eldership and, with his wife, duly in- 
stalled. Brethren S. F. Sanger and J. E. Soilders officiated.— 
Etta B. Haynes. Box 111. Patterson, Cal.. Jan. 2. 

Santa Ana church met In counoll Dec. 29. Bro. Masterson. 
our chh-r. presided, Our Sunday-school was reorganized, with 
Bro. Perry Sanger as superintendent. Bro. Clem Wolford was 
chosen president of Our Christian Workers' Meeting: Bro. 
George Bashor, of Los Angeles, as our elder for one year 
We expect Bin. C. S. Garber here Jan. 10, to begin a series of 
meetings.— Alta Colbert, Santa Ana, Cal., Jan. 9. 

CANADA. f 

Irrioann. — Our Sunday-school prepared a program for 
Christmas night. The three home ministers also gave short 
talks. The next day. Friday, our elder came to us and held 
meetings till Sunday night. On Saturday, the 27th. he .offici- 
ated at our quarterly council. Two letters were received and 
two were granted. Sunday-school officers were elected, with 
Bro. George Long as superintendent. A collection of $17.50 
was taken for World-wide Missions.— Pearl Cawley Irricana 
Alberto, Canada, Jnn. 5. 

Pleasant Valley.— Bro. S. S. Petry, of Berthold. N. Dak. 
gav us a good sermon Dec. 21. He and his wife are visiting 
their daughter at this place. Our temperance program, ap- 
pointed to be held at the home of Bro. Jonathan Frantz wa» 
a very enjoyable occasion. Over* ninety were present Our 
church had provided a treat. A donation of $9.25 was given 
for the temperance cause.— Hannah Dunning, Box 1266 Medi- 
cine Hat, Alta.. Canada, Jan. 3. 

COLORADO. 

Wiley— Since our last report three letters have been re- 
ceived, and two were granted. In October our District Meet- 
ing was held in our church for the first time. At our Chris- 
tian Workers" Band Thanksgiving program an offering of 
$11. .o was taken for the Child Rescue work of our District 
Dec. 27 we held our council. Bro. Homer Ullom was elected 
elder for the coming year; Sister Ida Hudson, Sunday-school 
superintendent; Bro. Harvey Price, president of the Christian 
Workers' Meeting. On Christmas Eve we enjoyed a program 
by the Sunday-school. Prof. Rowland, instructor of vocal 
music at McPherson College, was with us in a Music Institute 
during the holidays. Our Aid Society has been serving dinner 
at sevoral sales recently, and is thus enabled to give $10 to 
the China Mission, and help numerous other causes. The 
Sunday-school is supporting a worker in India by Its birthday 
offerings. The fund has about doubled Itself during the last 
year, but is all to be used for missions. — Laura V. Ullom 
Wiley. Colo., Jan. 5. 

IDAHO. 

Weiier church met In council Dec. 20. with our elder. Bro. 
L. E, Keltner, in charge. Three were received by letter. Sun- 
day-school officers were elected for the coming six months, 
with Bro. D. E. Johns as superintendent, and Sister Edith 
Russell as secretary-treasurer. Christian Workers' officers 
were also chosen, with Bro. Willis Peterson as president, and 
Bro. Ray Tant as secretary-treasurer. Our series of meet- 
ings Is now In progress, with Bro. Fred Flora doing the preach- 
ing. The Mist meeting was held on Sunday morning.— May 
. Holl, Welser. Idaho, Jan. 2. 

ILLINOIS. 
Cerro Gordo. — Our Christmas program was given on the 
evening of Dec. 24. and was well attended. The committee 
who bad the work in charge did the work well, and the pro- 



gram was well rendered. At the close of the exercises the 
children were given a treat. On Sunday morning, Deo. 28, 
Bro. I. D. Heckman, of Bethany Bible School, occupied the 
pulpit. At the evening service Bro. L. U. Krelder. of South 
Whitley, Ind., delivered an inspiring address. On Jan. 2 We 
met In council, with Eld. D, J. Blickenstaff presiding. Three 
letters of membership were granted. — Emma Sensenbaugh. 
Cerro Gordo, 111., Jan. 6. 

Coal Creek church met In council Jan. 3. Bro. Halin presid- 
ed. We decided to hold our love feast May 16. New officers 
were elected for the Sunday-school. Bro. Shaffer Is the su- 
perintendent, and Bro. Clarence Davis, secretary. We decided 
lo hold a series of meetings later. — Alice Rohrer, S06 North 
Main Street. Canton, III., Jan. 6. 

Hudson. — Today we met In council, and had a good meeting. 
Bro. J. H. Neher presided. The church retained Bro. Neher aw 
our elder and' pa-stor for 1911. Bro. Emory Carpenter was 
elected Sunday-school superintendent. — Rebecca L. Snavely, 
Hudson, III., Jan. 7. 

Martins Creek church met in council Jan. 6. Our elder, 
Bro. C. A. Gruber, presided. It was decided to close the 
meetings at Gilead for the winter, on account of bad roads. 
We shall have services twice a month at Deer Creek on the 
first and third Sundays In January and February. On the 
second and fourth Simdays we are to have services at Martins 
Creek. — N. Eichenberg, Jeffersonville, 111.. Jan. 4. 

Sterling. — Our church met in council Dec. 22. Bro. Stiver- 
son was chosen elder, and also presided over the meeting. 
As Bro. Shaw's time had expired, a vote of thanks was ten- 
dered him for his faithful service. One letter of membership 
was received. Sunday-school officers were elected, with Bro. 
Chas. Cosey as superintendent, and Sister Mabel Suavely as 
Sunday-school missionary. Our school sfiows a gain of twen- 
ty per cent in two years. A splendid program was given by 
the school on Sunday before Christmas* Last Sunday our 
pastor gave us a good missionary sermon. — Lillle A. Frantz, 
309 Ninth Avenue. Sterling. I!l„ Jan. 6. 

Waddams Grove, — Bro. J. E. Wagoner, who is attending 
school at Mount Morris, commenced meetings at the Louisa 
house on the evening of Dec. 24 and continued until Sunday 
evening. We also had preaching on Christinas Day. On Sun- 
day evening our young people rendered a temperance pro- 
gram to a large audience. Brethren Wagoner and Alfred 
Kreps gave short addresses. — Albert Myers, Waddams Grove, 
111., Jan. 3. 

INDIANA. 
Arcadia, — We met In council Jan. 3. Sister Zeruah Hill was 
reelected clerk; the writer, corresponding secretary; Bro. 
James Smeltzer, treasurer. We reorganized our Christian 
Workers' Meeting, with Bro. Elmer FIpps as president, ami 
Sister Abbie Hill as secretary. Eld. Chas. Smeltzer and Sis- 
ters Abbie Hill and Ethel Eller are out Missionary Commit- 
tee. Brethren James Hill and Henry Martin and the writer 
are the members of the Temperance Committee. — Sarah Kin- 
der. R. D. 15. Arcadia, Ind.. Jan. 5. 

Cedar Creek — We began a series of meetings Pec. 1. with 
Bro. J. W. Kitson doing the preaching, and Sister Nora Shlve- 
ly, of Plymouth, Ind., leading the song service. These serv- 
ices were well attended most of the time. Our brother labored 
hard. Three became willing to follow the Master. Two were 
baptized at the close of the meetings, and one a week later. 
Others seem near the kingdom. Dec. 26 we met in council, 
with Bro. D. E. Hoover presiding. Bro. Hoover, on account 
of ( HI health, asked to be relieved of the care of this, congre- 
gation for one year, which request was granted. Bro. J. H. 
TJrey. of Auburn, will take his place this year. We all hope 
that the much needed rest will improve Bro. Hoover's health.. 
— Sadie Ober. Laotto, Ind., Jan. 5. 

roar Mile. — Our Bible Institute, conducted by Bro. W. Carl 
Rarlck. assisted by our elder, Bro. J. W. Rarick, closed 'Jan. 

2, We had four periods each day. — two In the forenoon and 
two In the evening. Our study of the journeys of Jesus will 
be a great help to us in our Sunday-school lessons for this 
year. The church development phase of the Book of Acts and 
the Book of Colosslans was presented In such' a way as to 
make each member feel his responsibility in the work at 
this place. Sunday, Dec. 28, Bro. W. Car] Rarick gave us two 
splendid discourses. Sister Emma Miller, our District Sun- 
day-school Secretary, gave us a talk on Sunday-school work. 
Sister Sadie Stutsman, of North Manchester, Ind.. was with us 
a part of the time, and conducted the song service. We had a 
good attendance throughout the meetings. — Ethel Brower. 
Kltchel. Ind., Jan. 5. 

Mexico. — Bro. P. B. Fitzwater came to us Dec. 25 and re- 
mained with us until Dec. 30. He delivered two lectures 
daily on different portions of the Bible. Attendance and in- 
terest were excellent. One dear sister (a mother) was bap- 
tized Jan. 4. — Bertha I. Fisher. Mexico, Ind., Jan. 5. 

North Liberty. — We met In council Jan, 3. Our elder, Bro. 
Whitmer. presided. Three letters of membership were grant- 
ed, and one was received. One brother was reclaimed. Church 
and -Sunday-school officers were elected for both houses, Bro. 
M. t. Whitmer was chosen superintendent of the one school, 
and Bro, Jerry Peters superintendent of the other. Our presi- 
dents of the Christian Workers' Meeting are Sister Anna Peter- 
son and the writer. — Dortha D. Foote. North Liberty, Ind., 
Jan. 6. 

Plevna church met in council Dec. 27. Our elder, Bro. Peter 
Houk, presided. We are looking forward to a series of meet- 
ings, to be conducted by Bro. Elmer Phipps, of Arcadia, Ind., 
sometime in August. The writer was chosen Messenger agent. 
— Tena Smith, Greentown, Ind., Jan. 4. 

Portland. — Our quarterly council passed off pleasantly Dec. 
6, with our elder. Bro. Byerly, presiding. On the first Sunday 
in January we reorganized our Sunday-school, electing all new 
officers and teachers. Our Sunday-school Is doing nicely. 
Feb. 6 our series of meetings will begin, with Bro. Norris. of 
Marlon, to do the preaching. — Sarah M. Siders, 944 W. H. St , 
Portland. Ind., Jan. 6. 

Somerset church met in council at the Vernon bouse Jan. 

3. Brethren J. W. Norris and Peter Houk assisted In the 
work. Brethren Willie Tinkle and Rodger Winger were 
elected to the ministry, and Bro. Malilon Winger was chosen 
deacon. Brethren Elsworth Weimer and Obed Rife were or- 
dained to the eldership. All were duly Installed, except Bro. 
Rodger Winger, who was not present. Brethren J. W. Norris 
and Peter Houk had charge of the installation service. Since 
our last report, one dear sister has been added to our number 
by baptism. — Oma M. Rife. Converse, Ind., Jan. 5. 

South Bend.— The First Church of the Brethren met in reg- 
ular council Monday evening, Jan. 5. Bro. Wenger was elected 
Sunday-school superintendent. Two new members were added 
to the finance board, — Bro. Bowman and Sister Austin The 
following trustees were also elected: Bro. Wenger for three 
years; Bro. Steele, two years; Bro. Holloway. one year. Our 
pastor, Bro. Horst, presented a plan for a better organization 
of our forces, in order that our field might be effect! velv 
worked. This was accepted. One of the rnost encouraging 
reports submitted during the evening was that of the River 
Park Mission Sunday-school, which has only been in existence 
for about six months, but reported an average attendance of 
forty-eight. Our series of meetings, to be conducted by Bro. 
Isaac Frantz. will begin Jan. 25.— Cora V. Wise, South Bend 
Ind,. Jan. S. 

Spring Creek.— Dec. 7 Bro. Harvey Snetl began a series of 
meetings at our church. Our members are much strength- 
ened. There were eleven accessions and others seem to be 
near the kingdom. The meetings closed on Christmas night. 
Bro. A. W, Ross, of India, preached for us on Christmas morn- 
ing, and also the following Sunday evening. Sister Ross 
epoke to the children on Sunday morning. Following her 



talk, the Sunday-school officers were Installed. — Clara M. 
Snell, R. D. 3, North Manchester, Ind.. Jan. 3. 

Summit church met in council on Dec. 6. Our elder, Bro. 
W. L. Hatcher, presided, assisted by Bro. H. L. Fadely. One 
letter was granted. Bro. E. C. Surber was chosen clerk. The 
following Sunday-school officers were chosen: Treasurer, 
Hary Hatcher; secretary, Walter Hlatt; superintendent, E. 
C. Surber. A few committees were appointed for the local 
work. — E. C. Surber. Summltville. Ind.. Jan. 3. 

IOWA. 

Coon Blver. — Dec. 27 Bro. J. C. Snavely. of Flora, Ind.. ar- 
rived to conduct our Bible Institute at the Panora house, and 
began his work on Sunday afternoon. The work continued 
until Jan. 7. We had ten days of Bible study. He also de- 
livered three very helpful sermons on "The Second Coming 
of Christ," at the Yale house. Bro. Snavely labored earnest- 
ly In all these sessions. We have been strengthened spirit- 
ually to go forth in the Lord's work. — Zona B. Ott, R. D. 1, 
Box 10, Panora, Iowa. Jan. 7. 

Muscatine. — We met In council Jan. 3. Our elder, Bro. W. 
E. West, presided. Brethren W. G. Williams and A. M. Stuts- 
man and Sister F. E. Miller constitute our temperance com- 
mittee. Other business was transacted. On Sunday morning 
Bro. West delivered a strong sermon. At this service a letter 
of membership was read. In the evening another good ser- 
mon was preached by Bro. West, after which two. who were 
once loyal members, were restored to fellowship. Others are 
near the kingdom. — F. E. Miller, 406 Lowe Street, Muscatine, 
Iowa, Jan. 5. 

KANSAS. 
Appanoose. — Our business meeting was held Jan. 3. with a 
fair representation of members present. Eld. G. A. Fishburn. 
of Overbrook. assisted in the work. Three letters of member- 
ship were granted. Two have been received, since our last 
report. Bro. S. J. Heckman will be our elder for the coming 
two years; Bro. J. M. Ward, church clerk; Sister Anna Barn- 
hart, Messenger agent; Bro. Oscar Wiggins, reelected Sun- 
day-school superintendent, and Sister Amy Barnhart. secre- 
tary. Bro. Norman Flora was chosen president of our Chris- 
tian Workers' Meeting. On Christmas Day we enjoyed having 
Bro. E. H. Eby with us. In the morning he preached a very 
impressive sermon. His talk on India, In the evening, was 
also much appreciated. — Ada E. Beckner, Overbrook, Kans., 
Jan. fi. 

Garden City church met in council Jan. 1. Our elder, Bro. 
Michael Keller, presided. Our church and Sunday-school offi- 
cers, with our elder, were retained for another year. Our 
Sunday-school Is moving along very nicely. We had the pleas- 
ure of having Bro. Smith, of Conway Springs, with us in a 
short series of meetings. He also preached on Christmas Day. 
We all enjoyed these meetings, as we do not have this priv- 
ilege very often. — Eliza Sheaks, Garden City. Kans.. Jan. 5. 

Independence. — Our church met in council on Sunday after- 
noon, with Eld. W. H. Miller presiding. Bro. Miller was re- 
flected as elder. Brethren Roy Corn, H. Jewet and Walter 
Conant were chosen as our trustees; Sister Rebecca Miller, 
rhurch treasurer: the writer, reelected church clerk and corre- 
spondent; Bro. Albert Corn, reelected Messenger agent; Bro. 
Replogle. reelected chorister of all the services. Bro. Roy 
Nlninger Is our Sunday-school superintendent, and Sister 
Lillle Harlow is secretary-treasurer. Sister Mary Crumrine 
is superintendent of our cradle roll. Bro. Wm. Dyer Is president 
o£ the Christian Workers' Meeting, and Sister Delia Stone is 
secretary-treasurer Since our last report one has been re- 
claimed, one baptized, and one yet awaits the rite. Four mem- 
bers have moved into our midst. One is a minister. — Pella 
Carson, R. D. 2, Box 8, Independence, Kans., Jan. 6. 

Morrill — Bro. J. J. Toder. of McPherson. Kans., closed a 
two weeks' Bible Institute and evangelistic effort in our con- 
gregation. His work was highly appreciated, but closed all 
too soon. Nine made the good confession, and others are near 
the kingdom. Our meetings closed last evening-. A love feast 
was held this evening. — C. B. Smith, Morrill, Kans., Jan. 5. 

Verdigris church met in regular council Dec. 26. Bro. S. 
E. Lantz was chosen elder for another year; Awilda Buck, 
church clerk; G. E. Shirky, church treasurer; Mrs. Audrey 
Green, correspondent; G. E. Shirky, Sunday-school superin- 
tendent; Homer Green, president Christian Workers; Ellen 
Quakenbush. secretary-treasurer. One letter of membership 
was granted. — C. A. Quakenbush, R, D. 1, Olpe, Kans., Jan. 5. 

MARYLAND. 

Green Hill. — Sunday night, Dec. 28, we closed our series of 
meetings. Bro. G. S. Ralrlgh, of Denton, Md., came to us 
Dec. 13, .and preached nineteen sermons. The evening exer- 
cises were prefaced by half-hour talks on Palestine, — brim- 
ful of interest and appreciated by the hearers. Eleven applied 
for membership. On Monday evening ten were baptized. Two 
of the applicants are heads of families. Our Sunday-school 
has been reorganized with Bro. C. F. Flfer as superintendent. 
With probably one exception, all the new members are Sun- 
day-school scholars. — N. J. Miller, Rehobeth, Md., Jan. 4. 

MICHIGAN. 

Beaverton church convened In council Jan. 3, with our elder. 
Bro. William Neff, presiding. Two letters of membership 
were granted, and two received. It was decided to hold a ' 
series of meetings at the Dundas schoolhouse (three miles 
from our churchhouse) in the near future, and also to organ- 
ize a Sunday-school at that place. The church officers elected 
for one year are: Treasurer, Bro. Chas. Early; clerk, Bro. 
Andrew Long; Messenger agent. Bro. Archie Van Dyke; cor- 
respondent, the writer. Our Christian Workers' Meeting was 
reorganized, with Sister Grace Rau as president. Our Sun- 
day-school also has been reorganized, with Bro. Jacob Hoover 
as superintendent, and Sister Ollie Miller as superintendent 
of the primary department. Sister Zepha Hornlsh Is super- 
intendent of the cradle roll, and Sister Anna Rupp is super- 
intendent of the home department. — Katie Patterson, R. D. 1, 
Beaverton, Mich.. Jan. 5. 

Crystal church met In council Jan. 3. The members were 
well represented. We decided to have revival services in a 
few weeks. We elected Bro. George E. Stone as'our elder; 
Sister Olive Lechner. clerk; Bro. Jos. Lechner, treasurer; the 
writer, correspondent; Bro. A. C. Toung. superintendent; Sis- 
ter Bertha Stearns, president of the Christian Workers' Meet- 
ing. We have beautiful weather, with enough snow for sleigh- 
ing.— W. H. Roose, Vlckeryvllle, Mich., Jan. 5. 

lake View. — I have just closed an interesting revival of 
over two weeks in the Lake View church. Three accepted 
Christ. This was my second revival in this church for this 
year. I am in a position to accept calls for meetings after 
April 1. My time is engaged until then. — John W. Miller, 
Brethren, Mich., Jan. 7. 

Saginaw. — We have just closed another series of meetings, 
conducted by Eld. C. H. Deardorff, of Harlan. Mich., which 
commenced Dec. 13 and closed Dec. 31. Bro. Deardorff labored 
faithfully while among us, and preached the Word with 
power. Jan. 3 we met in council, with our elder, Bro. J. E. 
Albaugh, presiding. He is recovering from his illness, for 
which we all feel very grateful. He feels thankful for the 
many prayers that were offered in his behalf. Eld. J. E. Al- 
baugh was chosen as our elder In charge; Sister Flossie Al- 
baugh, president of the Christian Workers' Meeting; Bro. J. 
P. Neff, appointed a member on the Missionary and Temper- 
ance Committees for three years; the writer, church corre- 
spondent. Our Sunday-school Is doing nicely, and has been 
reorganized, with Bro. J. W. Buell reelected as superintendent. 
— Matie Randall. Elsie, Mich.. Jan. 6. 

Woodland Village church met in council Jan. 10 for or- 
ganization. Elders P. B. Mesener. Henry Smith and John M. 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 17, 1914. 



45 



dent. 



ircsent. Bro. Messner presided. Eld. Isaac Rairlgh 
S "V Rro G F Culler are our resident ministers. Eld. Rairlgh 
hosenas our elder in charge; Bro. Harley Townsend. clerk; 
was en Katlierman, treasurer; Brethren Lewis Christian, 

Br °' st Geiger. Harley McMlllen. trustees; Bro. Lawrence 
£"^pr Messenger agent; the writer, church correspondent. 
*\ OJ d ' ec ided to name our church the " Woodland Village 
" h " The matter of obtaining an evangelist for another 
im of meetings was looked after. We lately organized a 
S -i i-Vtian Workers' Meeting, with Sister G. F. Culler as prest- 
„: De c. 28, following the Christian Workers' Meeting. Sis- 
■' Teeter, of Mason County, gave us a splendid talk on lin- 
m-ine our opportunities, which was much enjoyed by all 
Present Last Sunday another soul,— the head of a family— 
• as buried with Christ in baptism. The attendance at all our 
RPrvtces Is encouraging. Our aim and prayer Is that by this 
organization we may do more spiritual work for the Master. — 
Anna Christian, Woodland, Mich., Jan. 10. 
MINNESOTA. 
Worthington.— The church at this place just closed a short 
Bible Institute, taught by Bro. Buntaln. of Chicago. The at- 
tendance was small, due to sickness, but the interest was good. 
Bro Buntaln labored faithfully while with us. Our Christian 
Workers will, as before, support a native worker in India 
this year. — Minnie Schechter. Worthington, Minn.. Jan. 6. 

Boot River church assembled In council Dec. 2G. Church 
and Sunday-school officers for the new year were chosen. Our 
onsregation is In good condition, and we look for a prosper- 
ous year In 1914. — Julia M. Grayblll, Preston. Minn., Jan. 4. 
MISSOURI. 
Cabool. Bro. C. P. Rowland, of Lanark. 111., began preach- 
ing at the Greenwood house Dec. 24 and closed Jan. 4. The 
interest and attendance were good, considering the inclement 
weather Our Sunday-school was reorganized, with Bro. E. 
j Cline as superintendent, and Sister Vertle Oxley, secretary. 
Bio Howard Oxley was chosen president of our Christian 
Workers' Meeting. We are beginning a Sunday-school teach- 
er-training class. — Ernest J. Cline. Mountain Grove. Mo., Jan. 

Mound church met in council Jan. 3 and reorganized for 
die following year. Bro. S. A, Garvey was chosen Sunday- 
school superintendent, and Bro. Ernest Wagner, secretary- 
treasurer. Our Christian Workers' Meeting was reorganized, 
with Sister Bessie Enos as president. These officers are elect- 
ed for three months. Brethren S. A. Garvey and I. V. Enos 
were retained as a Temperance Committee. Bro. Merle Wit- 
more was chosen church clerk; Bro. Elmer Hope, treasurer; 
Sister Bessie Enos, solicitor for District Meeting; Bro. I. V. 
Enos was appointed to secure an evangelist for our series of 
meetings. Brethren Ira Enos and Henry Landes are our 
Auditing Committee. Bro. Henry Landes was chosen on the 
Child Rescue Committee. Bro. Geo. Manon. of Kansas, came 
to us Nov. 30. He preached two weeks and gave us very 
strong sermons. One Sunday-school scholar made the good 
choice Others seem near the kingdom. Bro. Ellis Stu.de- 
baker began an instructive Bible Institute Dec. 19. which con- 
tinued until Dec. 26. He gave us two hours' work in the 
forenoon, and two hours In the evening. — Delia Enos, Adrian, 

Oak Grove church met in council Dec. 27. Eld. Abel KIU- 
Ingsworth presided. All officers were reelected for another 
year. One letter was received and two granted. — (Mrs). Guy 
Mossman, Osceola, Mo., Jan. 3. » 

peace Valley. — Our church met in council Jan. 3. Our 
tlder Bro. P. L. Fike, presided. Four were received by letter. 
Two of them are deacons. We reorganized our Sunday-school 
with Sister Zella Fike as superintendent, and Sister Tillle 
Diediker as secretary. Bro.'Omer Garst was elected delegate 
to the Sunday-school Meeting at Cabool, Mo., and Sister Zella 
Fike alternate. — Annie Diediker. Peace Valley, Mo., Jan. 4. 

MONTANA. 

Big- Timber. — Bro. D. M. Shorb, of Surrey, N. Dak., came 
Dec. 9, to assist us in a series of meetings. He preached 
fourteen sermons, and called in a number of homes. He la- 
bored faithfully. Dec. 31 we met in council. Our elder, Bro. 
M Alva Long, presided. We decided to discontinue our Chris- 
tian Workers' Meeting for the winter. — (Mrs.) Phcebe Kesler, 
Big Timber, Mont.. Jan. (i. 

Medicine lake.— We met in council Dec. 27. Our elder, Bro. 
J E. Keller, presided. We reorganized our Sunday-school, 
with Bro. Chalmer Bailey as superintendent, and Sister Iva 
Swank as secretary. Bro. J. E. Keller was chosen as our 
elder; Bro. Moothart, treasurer; Bro. Chalmer Bailey, clerk; 
Bro. Cooksen, trustee; the writer, correspondent and Mes- 
senger agent. A Christmas program was rendered by the 
•Sunday-school.— Mrs. J. E. Keller, R. D. 2, Froid, Mont., Jan.- 



NEBRASKA. 

Lincoln.— We have been without a minister for three 
months Our minister Is away holding meetings In Kansas. 
We have not seen a minister during that time, but our dea- 
cons have ably filled all the morning services. Our minister 
is to be home next Sunday. Our Sunday-school rendered a 
splendid Christmas program.— Caroline Brown. 1035 North 
Twenty-third Street, Lincoln. Nebr., Jan. 6. 
NEW MEXICO. 

Clovis. — At our last council, Nov. 27, Bro. Walter Simpson 
was elected to the deacon's office and Installed the following 
Sunday. On Christmas night the children and young people 
gave a program. The house was crowded. A vocal music class 
has been organized to meet each Sunday afternoon, and In this 
quite an interest Is being taken.— Elnora May Brown, Clovis, 
N. Mex„ Jan. 1. 

NORTH CAROLINA. 

Anna.— Bro. N. C. Reed began preaching for us Dec. 28, and 
continued until Jan. 7. There were eight services in all. 
Three young men and one young lady put on Christ In bap- 
tism. Others were almost persuaded. Brethren H. Edwards 
and E Frost, of the Coltson church. Va.. 'assisted In the song 
and prayer services. Bro. E. T. Lowe was also present for 
several meeting. — Mrs. Minnie Reed, Anna, N. C, Jan. 3. 

NORTH DAKOTA. 

Cando church met in council at the Zlon house Dec. 27, with 
our elder. Bro. J. D. Kesler, presiding. He was reelected for 
the coming year; Bro. S. U. Burkhart. clerk; Bro. J J Gen- 
singer treasurer; Bro. Samuel Cloud. Messenger agent for the 
Zion church, and Bro. Samuel King for the Cando house. The 
writer was reelected correspondent for the Zlon church, and 
Sister Marv Miller for the Cando church. Bro. S. U. Burk- 
hart was elected trustee for three years. On New Year s Day 
Bro. Samuel Cloud was elected superintendent of our Sun- 
day-school; Bro. Harvey Kensinger, president of the Christian 
Workers, and Sister Fannie Kauffman, President of the Sis- 
ters' Aid Society. A committee is to secure a pastor and wife 
for Cando— Zora Smeltzer, Cando, N. Dak.. Jan. 5. 

Flora.— Jan. 1 our church was organized. The elders from 
York were present. An election of officers was held. Eld. I. 
Miller, of York, was elected elder in charge; Brethren Glen 
and John Algea and Elmer Koons, trustees; Bro. J. S. Simon, 
clerk- Sister C. Chamberlain, treasurer; the writer, corres- 
pondent and Messenger agent. We have about forty mem- 
bers at this place. We have services every other Sundaj uy 
the brethren of York, and Sunday-school every Sunday— 
Eslle E. Simon, Oberon, N. Dak,. Jan. 5. 

Surrey.-Our council convened Dec. 27 We elected our 
officers for church and Sunday-school. Bro. L M. H'lton 
Will be superintendent of our Sunday-school, and Vestal Lam- 



bert, secretary. Bro. D. T. Dlerdor.T Is our elder In charge for 
another year; Bro. A. R. RellT. clerk; Vestal Lambert, Mes- 
senger agent, and the writer corresponding secretary. We 
reorganized our Sisters' Sewing Circle, with Sister Lizzie 
DlerdorfT as President, and Sister Susan Gorden, secretary. 
We also reorganized our Christian Workers' Meeting, with 
Bro. Geo. Hilton, Bro. D. S. Petry and Sister Ida Englar as a 
committee to form plans, etc. Our Sunday-school continues 
with Interest, Ours Is an evergreen Sunday-school, here at 
Surrey. — Manerva Lambert, Surrey, N. Dak.. Jan. 1. 

OHIO. 

Ashlaad church met in council Dec. 28. Most of the mem- 
bers were present. Sunday-school officers were reelected. 
Sister Cora Dlckls Is to be our superintendent, and Bro. 
Oliver Walruff secretary. Having decided to have Bro. Chas. 
A. Wntruu" give us a series of meetings fur a few weeks, we 
began services on Sunday evening. Much Interest Is liBlng 
manifested. Bro. Garber could not be with us In December, 
as we had planned, but we expect him to come later. Our 
Christmas services wore much enjoyed. A program was ren- 
dered by the young people and children on Christmas Eve, 
and a-sermon was delivered on Christmas morning. The chil- 
dren decided to send a treat to some one else, Instcnd of re- 
ceiving one themselves. So a box was sent to the Williams 
Creek Sunday-school and Bro. Teeter's family. — (Mrs,) Sarah 
Miller, R. D.. Ashland, Ohio. Jan. 3. 

Ashland Nov. 19 the funeral service of Ruth Elnora Kel- 
ler, Infant daughter of Brother and Sister W. D. Keller, was 
hold at the church, conducted by Bro. Win. Desonberg. Bro. 
T. S. Moherman came home to spend the holidays with his 
family, and Dec. 28 preached for us, Tho first Sunday In 
every month during 1913 was missionary Sunday, and all the 
money collected In Sunday-school was glvon to missions, We 
raised $35, which will be sent to the District Mission Board 
for home mission work at Canton, Ohio. — Ida Helm, .Ashland, 
Ohio, Jan. 6. 

Lick Creek Bro. Warren Slabaugh, of Bethany Bible 

School, came Dec. 14, to conduct our Bible Institute until the 
evening of Dec. 25. The work was certainly Inspiring and 
uplifting. Jan. 3 we met In council. Eld. J. W. Kolser pre- 
sided. He was reelected elder in charge; Bro. B. F. Klntner, 
clerk; Bro. A. J. McDonald, trustee; Bro. Emory Clapper, 
Sunday-school superintendent; the writer, Messenger corre- 
spondent. — Walter J. Kltson, R. D. 1, Bryan, Ohio, Jan. 5. 

Lower Twin church met In council Dec, 1(1 to organize, 
as there has been a line drawn between the Upper Twin and 
the Lower Twin churches. Bro. W. R. Deeter, of Indiana, 
presided. Brethren Aaron Brubaker and B. F. Petry will 
serve as our elders until next November. Our part assumed 
the name of "Upper Twin," while the former Upper Twin 
congregation will be known as " Sugar Hill." We decided 
to hold a singing school at the Wheatvllle house, and also 
one at the Gratis house, providing some one can be secured. 
At the opening of our services we had special pray. is I'm 
Bro. Robert Dillon, who, at the time, was seriously 111, hut Is 
now improving nicely.— Altha M. Lutz, R. D. 1, Camden, Ohio, 
Jan. 6. 

OKLAHOMA. 
Aylesworth. — Our church met In council Dec. 27, with Bro. 
A, M. Peterson presiding. Eld. M. M. Ennls was chosen as 
our elder In charge for the new year; Sister Nella Brlckey, 
church clerk; Bro. J. S. White, treasurer; the writer. Messen- 
ger correspondent and agent. We donated $6 to missions. 
We have preaching every Sunday. We reorganized our Sun- 
day-school, with Bro. J. S. White as superintendent, and Bro. 
J. White secretary. Oui enrollment is fifty-five, winter and 
summer. — J. D. Luettrell, Cumberland, Okln., Jan. 1. 

Indian Creek. — Through the efforts of Bro. N. F. Bru- 
baker, of Frulta, Colo., eight accepted the Gospel plan of 
salvation in the Indian Creek church. Six of them are mar- 
ried, and four of them are near the end of life's Journey— 
Wm. P. Bosserman, Tangier, Okie., Jan. .1. 

OREGON. 

Bandon. — We met In council Dec. 27. Eld. C. H. Barklow 
presided. He was reelected as our elder for one year. Bro, 
W. R. Mavlty was elected clerk; Bro. W. A. Hoover, treasurer; 
Eld. L. B. Overholser. Messenger agent; Sister Lena Allen, 
correspondent; Bro. W, R. Mavlty,. Sunday-school superintend- 
ent; Sister Ethel Bane, secretary. Eld. C. H. Barklow, assist- 
ed by Eld. L. B. Overholser. Is to begin a series of meetings 
here Jan. 3. We had Christmas exercises Dec. 21. with a treat 
for the children. — (Mrs.) Lena Allen, Bandon, Oregon, Jan. 
1. 

Mohawk Valley congregation met in council Dec. 27. Our 
elder, Bro. Rltter, presided. Sister Marie L. Workman wan 
elected clerk for one year; Bro. Adrian Piquet, treasurer; Bro. 
Henry Royer, solicitor; the writer, correspondent and agent 
for the Gospel Messenger. The Sisters' Aid Society has been 
doing some good work during the last llfteen months. The 
society helped to bear the expenses for tho addition to the 
church, and also donated some help to the pastor. The work 
was continued by electing Sister Mary E. Bitter as President, 
and Sister Marie Piquet as Secretary-treasurer. Bro. H. H. 
Rltter is our Sunday-school superintendent, and Sister Laura 
Adams is our secretary-treasurer. While the attendance at 
the Sunday-school Is not what we would desire It to be, yet 
we feel that good is being done. We hold our prayer meet- 
ings on Wednesday evening at the homes of our members. — 
Mary E. Ritter, Mabel, Oregon, Jan. 1. 

Myrtle Point church met In council Jan. 3, with Eld. John 
Root presiding. Bro. Thomas Barklow was reelected as our 
elder; Bro. E. J. Michael, church clerk; Sister Mollle Barklow, 
correspondent. Bro. Isaac Barklow was reelected Sunday- 
school superintendent. Bro. E. K. Michael and Sister Mollie 
Barklow are the officers of the Christian Workers' Meeting 
for one year. Since we have adopted the new plan of raising 
money by the envelope system, last July, we have raised 
$147.55. We decided to commence a series of meetings about 
Yeb 1 — Cora S. Barklow. Myrtle Point, Oregon. Jan. 2. 

Newberg chorch met In council Dec 27, with Eld. S. P. Van 
Dyke In charge. Officers were elected for the ensuing year. 
In balloting for elder In charge, there was a tie between Bro. 
Isaac H. Miller and Bro. S. P. Van Dyke. Both accepted thf 
office and will work together. Sister Mattle Dunlap succeeded 
herself as clerk; Bro. D. C. Gllck was reelected treasurer; the 
writer chorister, Messenger agent and correspondent; Sister 
Watle Kaufman, solicitor. Sister Eliza J. Moore was reelected 
Sunday-school superintendent, and Bro, Leslie Cullen, secre- 
tary The writer Is president of our Christian Workers' Meet- 
ing Brethren Albert Hill and F. D. Baron were elected to the 
deacon's office. We had a very satisfactory Christmas pro- 
gram.— Sarah A. Van Dyke, Newberg, Oregon, Dec. 30, 
PENNSYLVANIA. 

Bock Creek.— Our meetings at the Shank church lasted 
nearly three weeks and closed Dec. 31, with four applicants 
for baptism and two to be reclaimed. Our home brethren 
conducted the meetings. Elders Foust and Steerman did the 
Preaching. Notwithstanding the Inclement weather during 
the second week, and the holiday season, this was one of the 
best series of meetings we have ever had,— Frances M. Lelter, 
Greencastle, Pa., Jan. 5. ' - *,_ 

Carlisle— On Sunday evening. Dec. 14, a few of the mem- 
bers of the Upper Cumberland church gathered at the Old 
Folks' Home, to hold a love feast. Bro. Lemuel Fouciit of 
Gettysburg, officiated. The feast was one of the most spirit- 
ual held at the Home. The teacher-training class, organized 
recently at Huntsdale. is progressing, and at present num- 
bers tweoty-A. A. Evans, R. D. 8, Carlisle, Pa. Dec 30 

Elk Wck. — Dec. 28 our Sunday-school organized for 191*. 



Bro. J. C. Beahm was chosen superintendent, and Bro. Roy 
Vought, secretary. The former teachers were reelected. Our 
council was held Jan. 3. In the absence of our elder, Bro. 
G. E. Yoder presided. Bro. M. S. Maust was chosen clerk and 
chorister; Bro. W. J. Vought, treasurer; the writer, corre- 
sponding secretary; Sister Cornelia Baker, Messenger agent. 
On the Temperance Committee Bro. Roy Vought was elected 
for three years. Sister Estella Beahm for two years, and Sis- 
ter Florence Yoder for one year; on the Missionary Committee 
Sister Bertha Yoder for three years, the writer for two years, 
and Sister Annie Musser for one year. Our Sisters' Aid So- 
ciety gave a good report for 1913.— Ruth Beahm, Elk Lick. 
Pa., Jan. 4. 

EpUrata. — We are In the midst of a splendid revival. The 
attendance and Interest are very good. Two were reclaimed. 
Others are near the kingdom. Bro, David Holllnger, of Green- 
ville, Ohio, is holding forth the Word with power. The meet- 
ings continue. — David Kilhefner, Ephrata, Pa., Jan. 6. 

Georges Creek church met In council at the Fairvlew house, 
with Eld, J. H. Baker presiding. Eld. Baker was chosen pas- 
tor for 1914; Bro. James P. Merrlman was chosen Sunday- 
school superintendent; Bro. George Snider, clerk. Our elder. 
Brd. Jasper Barnthouse, is very sick. Bro. A. Debolt and my- 
nell were called to anoint him. We earnestly solicit the 
united prayers of tho church In his behalf, — J. H. Baiter, 
Mas on town, Pa., Jan. 6. 

Oroenniount church met In council Dec. 27. with Eld. J. A. 
Garber presiding. Three letters of membership were received, 
and live wore given. The Sunday-school Committee reported 
the following brethren as superintendents for the five schools 
in our congregation: Greenmount, Bro. W. F. Garber; Mount 
Zlon, Bro. George Vanpelt; Pine Grove. S. Roudahush: Mel- 
rose. Bro. D. R. Miller; Fair View, Bro. J. D. Miller. Breth- 
ren J. H. Ollne and I. W. Miller are our delegates to Annual 
Meeting. Bro. S. L, Garber Is president of our Christian 
Workers' Meeting at Greenmount, and Sister Annie Miller Is 
secretary. The District Meeting for the Northern District of 
Virginia will be held at Greenmount. Vn., In April. Three 
series of meetings will he hold in the congregation this year; 
viz., at Pino Grove, at Melrose and at the Baptist church. 
Brethren S. L. Garber and I. W. Miller are the committee to 
secure evangelists to conduct these meetings. Our meeting 
adjourned to meet Feb. 28. at 10 A. M— L. Katie Ritchie. R. 
D. 6, Box 25, Harlsonburg, Va,, Jan. 3. 

Mingo church mot In council Dec, 6. with our elder, Bro. 
Jesse Ziegler, presiding. We erected the officers for the Sklp- 
paOk Sunday-school for another year, with Bro. Joseph Cassel 
as superintendent. We have nlso started a teacher-training 
class. Nov. 8 Bro. Nathan Martin commenced a series of 
meetings at the Sklppack house and continued two weeks. 
Tho meetings wore well attended, and great interest was 
manifested. Four were baptized. Dec. 7 Bro. John Zug began 
a two weeks' series of meetings at the Mingo house. These 
BOrVlCGB were also well attended, and two were received by 
baptism— Elizabeth B. Hunsberger. R. D, 1. Royeraford, Pa., 
Jan. 8. 

Bod Bank. — We met In council Dec. 20. Bro. L. R. Hol- 
slnger presided. After other business was disposed of, the 
ofTlcors for the next year were elected as follows: Tho writer, 
clerk and Messenger correspondent; Bro, A. D. Hetrlch, treas- 
urer; Bro. W. D. Smith, trustee; Bro. L, R. Holsinger, elder In 
charge. Bro. A. D. Hetrlch was also chosen Sunday-school 
.superintendent. Bro. L. R. Holsinger (pastor), and Brethren 
A. D. Hetrlch and A. C. Shumaker wore appointed as a Min- 
isterial Committee. Tho following Sunday morning our Sun- 
day-school officers for next yenr were elected, with Bro. Paul 
Shumuker as secretary, tho writer as superintendent of the 
home department, and Sister Tillle Hetrlch as superintendent 
of tho cradle roll. Our exercises, hold on Christmas evening, 
were appropriate, and greatly enjoyed by the large audience 
present. Dec. 13 some of the sisters met at the parsonage 
and organized an Aid Society, with Sister Elizabeth Holsinger 
as President: Sister Bessie Anthony, Secretary; Sister Mattle 
Shumaker, Treasurer. Some of our teacher-training graduates 
are taking the seal course. At present our pastor, Bro. Hol- 
singer, Is attending the Bible Institute at Scalp Level, this 
State. — Narcissa Ferguson, R. D. G, New Bethlehem. Pa., Dec. 
30. 

Trout Run. — Wo met In council Jan. .1. with our eider, Bro. 
Silas Hoover, presiding. He gave us good admonition. We 
decided to name our new congregation "Trout Run." Bro. 
Silas Hoover was chosen to conduct a series of meetings 
sometime during May at our Trout Run church. Bro. Miles 
HamfTton resigned as trustee, and Bro. Eli Foust was chosen. 
— Richard Arno Dossdorf, Jones Mills, Pa., Jan. 3. 

Unlontown. — Wo met In council on Monday evening, Dec. , 
29. Most of tho officers for this year had been elected pre- 
viously, so they wonld have more time to prepare for their 
work. Eld. Jasper Barnthouse was unanimously chosen as 
pastor for the coming year. At this time he Is confined to his 
bed with a severe attack of gall stones. Elders Alpheus De- 
bolt and John Baker anointed him Jan. 2. At the present time 
the hospital seems to afford the only chance for relief.— Mary 
C. Fearer, 8 West Craig Street, Unlontown, Pa., Jan. I. 

VIRGINIA. 

Belmont church met In council Dec. 22. Our elder, Bro. 
S. A. Sanger, presided. Officers were elected for Sunday-school 
and Christian Workers' Meeting for the coming year. Sister 
Grace Sanger, who spent the summer In Washington, D. C, 
Is with us again. We are glad for her return, for she is much 
needed here as a Sunday-school teacher. Although Christmas 
was a very rainy day, Bro. Sanger and family came to our 
place of worship. He preached an excellent Christmas ser- 
mon. During the past year there were a number of rainy- 
Sundays, yet the average attendance at our Sunday-school was 
better than during the previous year. The amount given to 
Sunday-school, church work and benevolence last year was 
$105. We gave (54 for the purpose of getting the Gospel 
Messenger Into the homes of poor members and to nonmem- 
berB of the Church of the Brethren in Eastern Virginia, The 
Mill Creek Aid Society assisted In this work for three years. 
They furnished $1 this year. Many thus supplied with the 
Messenger have expressed their appreciation. — Florence E. 
Rodeffer. Holiaday, Va.. Jan. 6. 

Bethel. — We met In council Dec. 27. with Eld. S. C. Thomp- 
son presiding. Two letters were granted to Bro. S. C. Thomp- 
son and wife, who will soon take their departure to their new 
field of labor, Wlndber. Pa. Our series of meetings will be- 
gin Jan. 11, with Bro. W. II. Byer to do the preaching— 
J XV Sumner, R. D. 1, Eagle Rock, Va., Jan. 2. 

Lebanon— Bio. S. N. McCann. of Brldgewater College, 
preached for us on Christmas morning. Dec. 26 he began a 
Bible Normal, which continued until Jan. 3. We studied the 
Book of Romans, as outlined in his booklet. While he was 
with us, a number of our young people Joined the " Bible 
Memory and Devotional League." Jam 4 he preached 
on "The Communion." On Saturday evening, Dec. 27. we met 
In council. Our Sunday-school superintendent for 1914 Is 
Bro. S. I. Cline. Since our last report two were received into 
the church by baptism. One was an aged lady, whom the 
Lord took from us a few weeks after her baptism. The other 
was a young mother. We reorganized our Sunday-school Jan. 
4 for the year. — S. Estella Garber. Mount Sidney, Va., Jan. 5 

Llnville Creek church met in council Dec. 26, to close up 
the work for 1913. We enter the new year with 240 members. 
Bro Noah F. Kline was appointed Sunday-school superintend- 
ent for the Cedar Run house, and Bro. J. S. Wampler for Lin- 
vllle Creek. Bro. Jos. Humbert was chosen president of our 
Christian Workers' Meeting. The Thanksgiving offering. $24. 
was divided, giving $12 toi the Orphanage and $12 to World- 
(Concluded on Page 48.) 



46 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 17, 1914. 



FINANCIAL REPORT 



During the month of November the General Mission Board 
sent out 109,222 pages of tracts. 

The General Mission Board acknowledges with pleasure the 
iccelpt of the following donations for the month of November: 
WOBXD-WXDE. 
Pennsylvania — $150.49. Mrs. Fannie L. Moore, $1; H. F. 
Buikeypile $1.70; Lcwlstown. $8.47; Spring Run, $7.44; Learn- 
trsvllle Junior A. S., $10; A. Syers, $1; Mrs. Hannah Puder- 
baugh $2; Anna M. Shirk, deceased, $95; Lizzie Eshelman, 48 
cents; Coventry, $23.40. Illinois— $139.20. Elgin. $7.80; Lan- 
ark S. S., $41.56; Brethren Mission Fund, Mt, Morris, $53.84; 
Pine Creek, $7; A friend, $1; a sister, $6; L. J. Gerdes, $5; 
U Barrlck $6.50; Pleasant Grove S. S., 50 cents; Homer, $lo; 
Emma Caratensen, $1. Maryland— $95. Bequest of Mrs. Clara 
A. Mullcndore, deceased, $95. Ohio — 949.40. Sister Mary 
Klnlner, $2 50; N. I. Cool (marriage notice), 50 cents; S. P. 
Karly (marriage notice), 50 cents; Wooster, $3.64; Chippewa, 
i^8U; Clara A, Holloway, $2; Myrtle Holloway, $1; Trotwood 
Sunday-school and Congregation, $25.46; J. E. Gnagey (birth- 
day ofTerlng), $10; Katie Beath (birthday offering), $1; Cali- 
fornia— $30. Lordsburg, $30. Canada— $26.40. Fairvlew. 
$22, -10; Mrs. J. L. Weddle, $4. Indiana — 933.38. North Liber- 
ty, $3.08; W. H. Greenawalt (marriage notice), 50 cents; Lo- 
gansport, $6; D. J. Ewert, $1; a brother, Roann, $5.70; Mrs. 
Chas Lewis, 50 cents; T. D. Buttcrbaugh (marriage notice), 
50 cents; Mollle M. leflley, $1-50; Mrs. David Miller, New 
Hope, $2.60; an Individual, $1, Kansas— $17.56. G. W. 
George $1; Slate Creek, 55 cents; A. C. Keller and wife, $10; 
Mrs J. Jolltz, $5; Susan Cochran, $1. Missouri— $16.20. 
Emma Schildknecht, $2.50; D. D. Sell (marriage notice), 50 
cents- Mineral Creek, $1; First Kansas City, $7.20; Mound 
Valley, $5. Virginia— $14.02. Unity, $4.42; Jacob D. Miller, 
$9 60 Xowo— $11.60. English River, $11; S. Bucklew (mar- 
riage notice), DO cents. Oregon — $10. A Sister, $10. Texas — 
$10. An Individual, $10. Washington— $6.60. H. J. Chapman, 
$6; Dora Adams. $1; H. C. Longanecker (marriage notice), 
50 cents. North Dakota — $6.60. A brother and sister, $5; J. 
11 Gordon (marriage notice), 50 cents. Tennessee — $6.35. 
Knob Creek. $5.25. Minnesota— $6. Big Lake, $5. Wisconsin 

84. John Kaiser, $4. Colorado — $2. D. M. Mohler, $2. 

Michigan— $3. Mrs. Alex. Burrel), $1; Geo. Stivers, $1. Okla- 
homa — $1.60. G, B. Armstrong, (1; S. G, Burnett (marriage 
notice), 50 cents. New Jersey — $1. A sister, $1. West Vir- 
ginia— $1. S. M. Annon, $1. Total for the month, $626.89; 
previously received, $24,360.66; for the year so far. $24,986.55. 
INDIA MISSION. 
Ohio — $103.66. Arlington S. S-, $3.74; Eversole S. S„ $8.26; 
Ft. McKlnley S. S., $7.43; Lower Stillwater S. S. $9.91; Clrcle- 
vllle S S., $2.50; Charleston S. S„ $3.10; Straight Creek S. S., 
$10.01; Muy Hill S. S., $2,60; West Milton S. S., $36.25; Marble 
Furnace S. S„ SI. 77; Cincinnati, $3.05; Constance, Ky„ $3.14; 
Jesse Beery Co., Welfare League, $10. Illinois — $5.50. Breth- 
ren MlBslon Fund, Mt. Morris, 50 cents; Phebe B. Moore, $5. 
California — $5. Mr. and Mrs. A. O. Cropper, $5, Maryland — 
$2. Win. 11. Swam. $2. Total for the month, $115.16; pre- 
viously received, $845.71; for the year so far, $960.87. 
.INDIA ORPHANAGE. 
Kansas — $49,17. Ella E. Greenough, $5; Morrill C. W., 
$32. Slate Creek, $12.17. Pennsylvania— $25. Harrisburg A. 
S.. $20; Trestle P. Dick, $6. Ohio— §20. Canton City S. S., 
jiiO. North Dakota — $10. Williston. $10. Wisconsin — 910, 
Mrs. Mary Hlnlz, $10. Michigan — $10. Woodland A. S., $10. 
Virginia, — $4.05. O. M. Kagey, S3; Burks Fork S. S., $1.05. 
Indiana — $4. ilanus Laborum Class, Elkhart S. S., $4. Mis- 
souri — $3, Bro. and Sister John DeLaPlaln and Pleasant 
Grove S. S., Peace Valley, $2. Illinois — $1- J31d. Michael 
Claar, SI. Total for the month, $135.22; previously received, 
$1,889.92; for the year so far. $2,026.14. 

INDIA BOARDING SCHOOL. 
Ohio — 812.60. Junior C. \\\, Pleasant View House, Sugar 
Creek, $12.50. Total for the month, $12.50; previously re- 
ceived, $321.99; for the year so far, $334.49. 
INDIA NATIVE SCHOOL. 
Iowa — 94.25. Panther Creek, Old Sisters' S. S. C, $4.25. 
Total for the month, $4.25; previously received, $371.85; for 
the year so far, $376.10. 

INDIA WIDOWS' HOME. 
Illinois — $1.20. Brethren Mission Fund, ML Morris, $1.20. 
Total for the month, $1.20; previously received. $125.90; for 
the year so far, $127.10. 

china MISSION. 
Indiana — $1X10. Oak Grove S. S„ North Liberty Congrega- 
tion, $7.10; Sarah M. Zollers, $5. Minnesota — $5. Lewiston S. 
S„ $5. Illinois — $5. Mis, J. H. Moore. $6. Ohio — $3. Mrs. 
Kate Branner, $3. Maryland — $2. Cora Shatter. $2. Oklahoma 
— $0.35. Dollie F. Ennis, 36 cents. Total for the month, 
$27.45; previously received. $562.11; for the year so far, 5589.- 
56. 

CHINA ORPHANAGE. 
Missouri— $20. Spring Branch Juvenile Class, S. S., $20. 
Toxas— $11. Portland S. S., Sll. Idaho — $5. Willing Work- 
ers' Class, Twin Falls S. S., $5. Washington — 95. Sunny Slope 
C, W., S5. Kansas — $3. D. and K. Yost, $3. Total for the month, 
$43; previously received, $634.07; for the year so far, S677.07. 
CHINA BOYS' SCHOOL. 
Pennsylvania — 9140.13. Norrlstown, $4.76; Falrview. $14.- 
04; Harrisburg. $25; Chlques. $18.34; White Oak, $67.01; Nor- 
rlstown S. S„ S6.36; Myerstown S. S.. $4.62. Kansas — $75.43. 
Morrill. $21.93; Morrill S. S.. $45; Morrill C. W., $6; A. C. 
Keller and wife, $2,50. Indiana — $63.03. North Liberty, $6.50; 
English Prairie S. S. Class No. 4, $6.50; Middle District, " K. 
K„" $10; Fairvlew, $7.50; Nettle Creek, $14.22; White Branch 
A. S., $10; Anderson S. S., $7.66; Lucy Harper, $1.65. Ohio — 
$81.10. Lima S. B„ $3,40; Mary E. Ralston, S2; Owl Creek 
S. S-, $5; Lower Miami, $14; Union City (Country). $5.52; 
Pleasant Valley, $8.48; Union City (Town), $S; West Dayton. 
$19; Lower Twin, $3.37; Poplar Ridge, $9.83; Hickory Grove 
S. S.. $2.50. Washington— $45.70. North Yakima. $10.25; 
North Yakima S. S„ $15.35; Wenatchee Mission, $10.10; Esther 
A. McDonald. $10. North Dakota — $44.50. Golden Willow. 
$17.50; Zlon S. S., $20; John I. Clark, $7. Illinois — 959.70. 
Cherry Grove, $30.66; Elgin. $2; Lanark S. S.. $21.04; Shan- 
non C. W.. S5.75; Mt. Morris Brethren Mission Fund, 25 cents. 
Minnesota — -$27.28. Hancock, $7.65; Worth Ington Congrega- 
tion and S. S.. $16.53; Morrill S. S., $3.10. Idaho— $35. N«- 
perce S, S.. $25. India, — $19.72. Dahanu, SI. 39; Jalalpor, 55; 
Bulsar. $10.33; Anklesvar S. S.. $3. Texas — $16.10. Bethel, 
■ $3.40; Portland S. S., $12.70. Virginia — $12.60, Beaver Creek 
S. S., $4.65; Franklin Teacher Training Class. $1.73; O. M. 
Kagey, $6; Lower Union S. S., $1.32. Michigan — 310.51. 
Sugar Ridge S. S.. $7.13; Beaverton S. S.. $2.88; Geo. Stivers. 
50 cents. Canada — $10, Battle Creek, $10. Wisconsin — $10. 
H. E. Stryker and Emma K. Stryker. $10. California — 36. An 
Individual, $6; Mrs. Chamberlln, $1. Oklahoma — S3. An in- 
dividual, $3. Missouri — 93.57. Nevada S. S., 82 cents; Carth- 
age S. S„ $1.26; Nevada C. W„ 60 cents, Oregon — $3.50. Alice 
Lewis, $2; Pearl Lewis, 60 cents; Audrey Lewis, 50 cents; 
Mrs. Elizabeth Workman. 50 cents. West Virginia — $3. Geo. 
T. and C. E. Leatherman. $2. Iowa — 93. North English S. 
S., $2. Colorado — $1.43. Sterling S. S., $1.42. Total for the 
month, $661.28: previously received, $3,680.88; for the year 
so far, $4,342.16. 



SUNDAY-SCHOOL EKTENSION. 

Indiana — 948.31. Cedar Lake-Put S. S., $3.28; Ogans Creek, 
$4; Camden, $5; North Manchester S. S-. $4.80; Mexico S. S.. 
$6.93; Mexico A. S.. $3.07; Union City, $2.25; Rossvllle S. S„ 
$8.88; Four Mile S. S., $10. Minnesota — $30.74, Worthington. 
$23-84; Hancock S. S.. $3.50; Morrill S. S-, $3.40. Illinois — 
934.68. Cherry Grove S. S., $6.01; Lanark S. S„ $10.05; Vlrden 
S. S.. $5; Cherry Grove C. W., $2.13; Mulberry Grove S. S., 
71 cents; Mulberry Grove C. W., 75 cents. Kansas — 923.56. 
Waldo S. S., $2.70; Qulnter S. S., Adult Dept., $1.36; Qulnter 
S. S., Primary Dept., 50 cents; Qulnter C. W., $4; Sabetha S. 
S.. $12; Appanoose S. S., $3. lova — 918.58. Greene S. S., S5; 
Iowa River S. S.. $1.78; Garrison S. S.. $1.80; L. A. Walker. 
$10. Pennsylvania— $18.07. New Enterprise S. S., $5; Raven 
Run C. W., $1.22; Raven Run Organized Bible Class. 50 cents; 
Southern Dist. S. S., $10; New Freedom S. S., Codorus con- 
gregation, $1.35. Maryland— $16. Sharpsburg S. S.. $10; Pipe 
Creek, $6. Ohio — $15.45. North Poplar Ridge S. S„ $4.25 
South Poplar Ridge S. S., $1; John A. Trackler, $3; Spring- 
field S. S.. $4.20; Sterling S. S„ $3. North Dakota — 96.36. 
Zlon S. S-, $6.36. Tennessee — $6. Meadow Branch S. S., $4; 
Boones Creek S. S., $2. California, — 95.67. Inglewood S. S.. 
$1.25; Alamo S. S., Imperial Valley Congregation, $4.42. Mich- 
igan — $4.65. Saginaw S. S., $2.50; Chippewa Creek S. S.. S2.15. 
Nebraska — $3,54. Octavla S. S.. $1.75; Octavia C. W., $1.10; 
Mrs. H. E Rasp, 69 cents. Texas— 82.50. Bethel, $2.50. Wis- 
consin — $1. Chippewa Valley S. S-, 51. Total for the month, 
$225.01; previously received, $326.23; for the year so far, 
$561.24. 

DENVER COLORED. 

Washington— $33.50, A brother, $2.50; O. V. Sellers, $10; B. 
F. Lyon. $10. Indiana — 97.50. John C. ReilT, $5; Leroy Fisher, 
$2.60. Oregon — 95. Olive M. Nevln. $5. Kansas — S3. C. O. 
Bogart, $3. Illinois — 91.40. Mt. Morris Brethren Mission 
Fund, $1,40. Indiana — $3.87. J. H. Flke, $3.87. Total for the 
month, $43.27; previously received, $638.60; for the year so 
far, $581.87. 

CUBAN MISSION. 

Cuba — 81. Unknown, $1. Total for the month, $1; previous- 
ly received, $32.88; for the year so far, $33.88. 
COBBECTIONS. 

In October Visitor the total for the year so far under India 
Widows" Home, should be $125.90 instead of $6.80. 5125.40 
having been previously received Instead of $6.30. 



Yarmen-Roseborough. — By the undersigned, at the home of 
the bride's parents. Dec. 25, 1913. Wilbur Clarence Yarmen, 
of Butler. Ohio, and Junlta Viola Roseborough, of Perrysvllle. 
Ohio.— E. M. Culler, R. D. 1. Loudonvllle, Ohio. 



SISTERS' AID SOCIETIES 



KANSAS CITY, KANS. — Our report for the Aid Society at 
the Central Avenue church is as follows: Sister Mary Milter 
Is our President; Sister May Harmon, Vice-president; the 
writer, Secretary-treasurer; Sister Ella McCune, Assistant. 
During the year 1913 we held forty-six meetings, with an 
average attendance of eight, plus. We quilted thirty-four 
quilts, made several comforters, seventy-two aprons, and 
numerous other articles for charity, etc. We gave away 136 
garments to the needy. We donated to the Central Avenue 
church for tables $27.5 0. and for windows and door screens 
$16.50. The total amount of money paid out during the year 
for material, donations, charity, etc., was $61.92; money re- 
ceived for work done by the society, $89.10; donations, 
$2.20, leaving $30.10 In the treasury , for 1914. — Fannie H. 
Keim, Sec r etary- treasurer, Kansas City. Kans., Jan. 1. 

TUXFEHOCKEN, PA. — During the past year we held nine- 
teen half-day and three full-day meetings, with an average 
attendance of thirteen. Our enrollment was thirty-five. Dur- 
ing the year we made fifty aprons, fifteen clothes-pin aprons, 
seven quilts, four comforters and five bonnets. We received 
for work done and donations 579.61. Our expenses were 
533.67, leaving a balance of $46.94 for the year, which, added 
to last year's balance, amounts to $77.77. We gave a sister a 
pair of shoes, and did charity sewing two days for different 
families. The following officers were elected Dec. 11 for the 
coming year: President. Sister Mary Reber; Vice-president, 
Sister Emma Buch; Secretary, Sister Mary Brubaker; Treas- 
urer. Sister Lydia King. — (Mrs.) Mary Brubaker. Richland, 
Pa., Dec. 31. 



MATRIMONIAL 



" What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put 



stsiTisfs sotlfrM shoals be KooBtpsnled by 60 otnti 



Cunningham-Bright. — By the undersigned. Jan. 1, 1914, at 
the home of the writer, Bro. Howard Cunningham and Sister 
Mary A. Bright, both of New Lebanon, Ohio. — J. Franklin 
Brubaker, West Alexandria, Ohio. 

Flora-Flora. — By the undersigned, at the home of the bride's 
parents, Brother and Sister H. F. Flora, near Quintet-, Kans.. 
Jan. 1, 1914, Brother Joseph H. Flora and Sister Marie E. 
Flora. — J. W. Jarboe, Qulnter, Kans. 

Horton-Sheller. — By the undersigned, at the home of the 
bride's parents, Jan. 1, 1914, Bro. Chas. M. Horton, of Polo, 
111- and Sister Lilian Sheller. of Sterling. 111.— J. U. G.- Stiver- 
son. 614 Sixth Avenue, Sterling, 111. 

Moore-Masters. — By the undersigned, at the home of the 
bride's parents. Lena, III.. Dec. 25, 1913, Brother Harry Moore 
and Sister Alma Masters, both of Lena, 111. — P. R. Keltner, 
Freeport. 111. 

Neff-Olwine. — By Eld. Lawrence Kreider. at the home of 
the bride's parents. Dec. 7. 1913. Brother Herman W. Neff and 
Sister Mary Olwlne. — Levi Minnich. Greenville. Ohio. 

Fetry-Eliker.— By Eld. Lawrence Kreider, at the home of 
the bride's parents, Dec. 24. 1913. Brother Forest H. Petry 
and Sister Emma Eliker. — Levi Minnich, Greenville, Ohio. 

Flaugher-Early. — By the undersigned, Jan. 1, 1914, at the 
home of the bride's parents, Brother Weldon L. Plaugher and 
Sister Joe A. Early, both of Allen County, Ohio.— S. P. Early. 
764 West High Street, Lima, Ohio. 

Boeach-Heckman. — By the undersigned, at the home of the 
bride's parents, Mr. and Mrs. D. L. Heckman, Dec. 21, 1913, 
Bro. Roy Roesch and Sister Pearl E, Heckman, both of Girard, 
111. — J. A. Smeltzer, North Manchester, Ind. 

Shull-Belgh. — By the undersigned, at the home of the bride's 
rarents, Dec. 25, 1913, Mr. William Shull and Sister Florence 
Mabel Beigh, both of Claypool. Ind. — T. D. Butterbaugh, Silver 
Lake, Ind. 

Sloniker-Martin. — By the undersigned, at the home of the 
bride, near Mankato, Kans., Dec. 25, 1913, Mr. Frank Edward 
Sloniker, of Burr Oak, Kans.. and Miss Mary Jane Martin, of 
Mankato, Kans. — Jacob Sloniker, R. D. 3, Formosa, Kans. 

Stall-Shaffer — By the undersigned, at the home of the 
bride's parents, Dec. 28, 1913, Mr. Harry Stull and Sister Min- 
erva A. Shaffer, both of Friedens, Somerset Co., Pa. — D. H. 
Walker, Somerset, Pa. 

Templeton-Frantz. — By the undersigned, at the home of the 
bride. Dec. 28, 1913, Bro. Leland G. Templeton, of Bethany 
Bible School. Chicago, 111., and Sister Viola Frantz, of Cerro 
Gordo. 111. 

Whisler-Olays. — By the undersigned, at the home of the 
bride's parents. Dec. 24. 1913, Mr. Wilbur L. Whisler. of 
Unionville. Iowa, and Sister Nina M. Glays, of OUIe. Iowa. — 
H. N. Butler Richland, Iowa. 



FALLEN ASLEEP 



"Blessed are the dead which die Is the Lord" 



Baker, Joslah, son of Henry and Elizabeth Baker, born In 
Montgomery County, Ohio. Aug. 1, 1824, died near Arcanum. 
Ohio, Dec. 7. 1913. aged 89 years. 5 months and 6 days. He 
came to this country in his youth and labored hard in bring- 
ing about the Improvements we now enjoy. His wife and one 
son preceded him in death. Four sons survive him. Services 
by Eld. Jesse Stutsman at Abbottsvllle. Interment at the 
latter place. — Levi Minnich. Greenville, Ohio. 

Barnhort, Bro. Isaac, born in Floyd County. Va„ March 6, 
1844, died Dec. 24, 1913. in the bounds of the East Wenatchee 
congregation, Wash., aged 69 years, 9 months and 18 days. 
He united with the Church of the Brethren in 1865, and was 
married to Luclnda Ferny in 1886, in Elkhart County, Ind. To 
this union were born six sons and five daughters. His wife, 
four sons and three daughters survive. Services In the Sunny- 
slope churchhouse by the writer, assisted by Bro. Wm. Dear- 
dorft. Text. Rev. 14: 13. Interment in the Sunnyslope ceme- 
tery. — G. W. Buntain, Wenatchee, Wash. 

Blll m an, Sister Sarah Ann, born July 17, 1830, died Dec. 27, 
1913, aged 83 years, 10 months and 3 days. She was one of 
a family of four children of Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Force, all 
of whom survive her. Sister Billman was married in 1847 to 
Abraham Billman, and with him she resided for sixty years 
on their farm at Whitfield, near here. To them were born 
four daughters and three sons. Three daughters and one 
son survive her. Early In life Sister Billman joined the 
Lutheran church, but after her marriage affiliated with the 
Brethren church. Services at the Lower Miami church by 
Eld. D. M. Garver and Bro. E. Shank. Text, Psa. 92: 12-14.— 
Jesse Noffsinger. R. D. 6, Dayton, Ohio. 

Brumbaugh, John Howard, only son of Brother John and 
Myra Brumbaugh, born Aug. "25, 1911, died Dec. 25, 1913, 
aged 2 years and 4 months. Bro. Brumbaugh lives in Pitts- 
burgh, where his son died. Services at that place by Bro. 
T. R. Coffman. The body was then brought to Chambersburg, 
to the home of Bro. Brumbaugh's parents, where services 
were held by the writer. Interment In the Salem church 
cemetery.— Peter S. Lehman, Chambersburg. Pa. 

Campbell, Bro. Thomas P., died at his home in Sweetsers. 
Ind.. In the bounds of the Somerset congregation, Nov. 22, 
1913. aged 83 years, 3 months and 2 days. His early life was 
spent near Bowling Green, Ky. Early in life he came with 
his mother to Indiana and located in Grant County. Sept. 16. 
1S52, he was married to Rebecca Spears. Nine children were 
born to this union, six of whom preceded him. His wife pre- 
ceded him Feb. 4. 1909. Since then he was cared for by his 
children. About twenty-six years ago he united with the 
Church of the Brethren, and lived a devoted Christian life. 
Services in the M. E. church in Sweetsers by the writer. In- 
terment In the cemetery near by. — George L. Studebaker. 
North Manchester. Ind. 

Cassel, Bro. Simon, born May 8, 1838, died Dec. 7, 1913, at 
his home near Gettysburg. Darke Co., Ohio, aged 75 years. 
6 months and 29 days. He was united in marriage with Miss 
Elizabeth Engle Sept. 1, 1859. Four sons and two daughters 
were born to this union. Bro. Cassel was a member of the 
Church of the Brethren for many years. For seventeen years 
he was an Invalid. Six children survive him. His wife sur- 
vived him nineteen days. Services at the Oakland church by 
Bro. S. A. Blessing. Interment in the Harris Creek cemetery. 
— S. A. Overholser, Bradford. Ohio. 

Cassel, Elizabeth Layl'na, nee Engle, born April 28, 1838. 
near Covington, Ohio, died Dec. 26, 1913, aged 75 years, 7 
months and 28 days. Sept. 1. 1859, she was united In mar- 
riage to Simon Cassel. To this union were born four sons 
and two daughters. About fifty years ago she and her hus- 
band united with the Church of the Brethren, and lived ever 
faithful. Her aged husband had been an invalid for seven- 
teen years. She was a blessed mother in Israel. Six children 
survive her. Services at the Oakland church by Bro. S. A. 
Blessing. Interment in the Harris Creek cemetery. — S. A. 
Overholser, Bradford. Ohio. 

Fifer, Bro. Geo. M., died In the Sangervllle congregation, 
Augusta Co.. Va., Dec. 16, 1913, aged 73 years. 9 months and 
22 days. He was a faithful member of the Church of the 
Brethren. He was an Invalid for many years. Services by 
Bro. A. S. Thomas. Text, 2 Cor. 4: 17. — Annie V. Miller, Spring 
Creek. Va. 

Pike, Leslie Leonard, son of Isaiah Fike (lately deceased) 
and Eva Flke, born in Republic County. Kans., April 28, 1891, 
died of blood poison Dec. 22, 1913. at his home near Laton, 
Cal., aged 19 years, 7 months and 24 days. He united witli 
the Church of the Brethren In October, 1909. His moth-r f.nd 
three brothers survive him. Services by Eld. D. R. Holsinger, 
assisted by Eld. David Snyder. Text, 1 Cor. 15: 54. — Rilla A. 
Vaughn, 'R. D. 3, Laton, Cal. 

Flke, Isaiah, son of J. M. and Mary Fike (deceased), born 
near Uniantown, Pa., May 2, 1867, died of pernicious anaemia 
Nov. 25, 1913, at his home near Laton, Cal.. aged 46 years, 
6 months and 23 days. He was married to Eva L. Selfert 
Feb. 17. 1892. He united with the Church of the Brethren 
Jan. 18, 1895, and was elected to the office of deacon about 
four years later. To this union were born four sons who, 
with their mother, mourn the loss of a husband and father. 
He also leaves four brothers and three sisters. He was the 
youngest of a family of eight children. Services by Eld. D. 
R. Holsinger. Text, 2 Tim. 4: 7. — Rilla A. Vaughn, R. D. 3. 
Laton, Cal. 

Fortner, -Bro. Jacob, born Aug. 30. 1846, died Dec. 9, 19J3. 
He was united In marriage In 1870 to Mallissia McCord. To 
this union weie born ten children. Seven preceded him to the 
spirit woMd. In 1875 he united with the Church of the Breth- 
ren, and remained a devoted member; His wife, two sons and 
one daughter survive him. Services by Eld. S. E. Yundt. 
Text, Job 5: 26. — Clara B. Wolf, 310 Klngsley Avenue, Po- 
mona, Cal. 

Fourman Bro. Jacob B., sop of Henry and Susie Fourman, 

born near Arcanum, Ohio. Feb. 15, 1844, died on an adjoining 
farm Dec. 8, 1913, aged 69 years, 9 months and 23 days. Aug. 
15, 1861. he was married to Mary Besecker. Three sons and 
three daughters were born to this union. Oct. 9, 1898, he 
became a member of the Church of the Brethren, and lived 
a faithful Christian life until death. He leaves a devoted 
wife, a brother, three sons and two daughters. Services by 
Elders N. W. Binkley and Jesse Stutsman from the U. B. 
church at Abbottsvllle. Interment at the latter place. — Levi 
Minnich, Greenville, Ohio. 

Hall, Mrs. Lucy A., wife of Bro. W. L. Hall, died of pneu- 
monia at her home, near Stuarts Draft. Va., Dec. 31, 1913, 
aged 74 years, S. months and 17 days. She was buried Jan. 
1, 1914, at the White Hill house. She Is survived by her hus- 
band, three sons and five daughters. Services by Eld. S. J. 
Flory. Text, Eccles. 12: 6. 7. Interment in the cemetery ad- 
joining the church. — Ethel Flory. Stuarts Draft. Va. 

Kephart, Bro. Geo. W., born near Hollidaysburg, Pa., in 
1836, died In the Altoona congregation, Fa.. Nov. 30. 1913. 
after an Illness of three years of diseases Incident to old age. 
He has lived in the Altoona congregation since 1870. He is sur- 
vived by his wife and an only son. Bro. Kephart was one of 
the early members of the church at this place, and served as 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 17, 1914. 



47 



16, 



for thirty ye 

Torse, 

Kiepinffer, Bro. Wm. H.. born in Miami County, Ind., June 
- died near Reedley. Fresno Co., Cal.. Dec. 27. 1913, 
43 vears, 6 months and 12 days. He was married to 
Florence C. Ranck. of Miami County, Ind., March 20. 1892. 
Seven children were born to this union. Two died In Infancy. 
Bro Klepineer and his wife united with the Church of the 
Brethren In August. 1S96. After years of falling health, 
caused by tuberculosis, death relieved him. He leaves a wife, 
Ave children, and an aged mother. Services by Eld. J. J. 
Brower. Text. Num. 23: 10. Interment In the Reedley ceme- 

tery Mrs. H. Furnas, Reedley, Cal. 

ielghty, Bro. Daniel, born In Dayton, Ohio. Nov. 25, 1S30. 
died at Culver, Ind., Dec. 28, 1913. aged S3 years, 1 month and 
2 days. He was married to Elizabeth Harp July 4, 1857. To 
this union were born four sons and two daughters. One 
daughter preceded him many years ago. Bro. Lelghty united 
with the Church of the Brethren forty-seven years ago. and 
lived an exemplary life. Services at Burr Oak, conducted by 
the writer, assisted by Eld. S. F. Henrlcks. Interment in the 
Union cemetery. — J. F. Appelman. Plymouth, Ind. 

Leslie, Omer Leroy, born In Whitley County, Ind.. Aug. 31, 
1891. died at the home of his parents, Logansport, Ind., Dec. 
25. 1913. o f tuberculosis, aged 22 years, 3 months and 25 days. 
He was reared by Christian parents, both being members of 
the Church of the Brethren. Services by the writer, assisted 
by Bro. B. D. Hirt. Text, 1 Kings 2: 1-4. Deceased leaves his 
parents, one brother and two sisters; also a grandmother. — 
Chas. R. Oberlln, Logansport, Ind. 

Martin, Bro. Ellas, died after about a year's Illness, in the 
bounds of the Spring Grove congregation. Lancaster Co., Pa.. 
at the home of his daughter, near Strasburg, Dec. 24, 1913. 
aged 7Q. years, 1 month and 5 days. He Is survived by six 
children, two sisters and one brother. Services in the Woav- 
erland Mennonite church by Eld. I. W. Taylor, assisted by 
Bro. A. M. Martin. Text. Heb. 13: 14. Interment In the ad- 
joining cemetery. — Florence L. Mohler, New Holland, Pa. 

Miller, J. C, died at Hanover, Pa., Dec. 14. 1913, In his 
flfty-efghth year. Mr. Miller was a prominent minister in the 
Mennonite church for twenty-one years. His wife and seven 
children survive him. Services at the Mennonite church near 
Hanover by Elders Benjamin Weaver, Daniel Stump < Men- 
nonite) and Bro. D. H. Baker. — W. B. Harlacher, 410 Locust 
Street, Hanover, Pa, 

Myers, Bro. Samuel R., of Tide Spring, Greenmount con- 
gregation, Rockingham Co., Va., died suddenly, of anremla at 
the Rockingham Memorial Hospital, Harrisonburg, Va., Dec. 
21, 1913, aged 62 years, 6 months and 27 days. His condition 
was not known to be serious until after he had gone to the 
hospital. He was united In marriage to Virginia Sellers, who 
preceded him Dec. 30, 1912. He is survived by seven broth- 
ers and one sister, one half-brother and two half-sisters. 
Bro. Myers united with the church sixteen years ago, and 
lived a consistent Christian life. Services by Bro. G. B, 
Flory and Rev. Richardson, of the Methodist church (his 
wife's pastor). Text, Psa, 17: 15. Interment in the family 
burying ground. — Katie Kline, Broadway, Va, 

Neher, Catharine, nee Miller, born In Logan County. Ohio, 
"May 24, 1828, died Dec. 30, 1913, aged S5 years, 7 months and 6 
days. She was married to Daniel D. Neher Feb. 10. 1850. 
She was the mother of eleven children. Five of them are liv- 
ing, and all are useful members In the church. Sister Neher 
united with the church early In life.' With her companion, 
who survives her, she has been one of the faithful members 
of the Mineral Creek church from its beginning, having set- 
tled here in 1870. A few months ago she called for the anoint- 
ing. Services by Eld. John M. Mohler. Text. Rev. 14: 13. 
Interment in the Mineral Creek cemetery. — D. L. Mohler, Lee- 
ton, Mo. 

Newberry, Bro. Robert L., born in Lancaster County, Pa., 
Nov. 16, 1842, died Dec. 30, 1913, aged 71 years, 1 month and 
14 days. He was married In early manhood, and emigrated 
to Cass County, Ind., In 1869. He was bereft of his com- 
panion June 20, 1903. Feb. 19. 1906. he was united In mar- 
riage to Sister Lavlna Conn, since which time he has lived 
In Mexico, Ind. A few years ago he united with the Church 
of the Brethren, and was a loyal member until death. He 
leaves a wife, three children, one brother and two sisters. 
Services in the church at Mexico by Bro. P. B. Fitzwater. as- 
sisted by Eld. Frank Fisher. Text. Phllpp. 1: 21. Interment 
in the Mexico cemetery. — -Bertha I. Fisher, Mexico, ind. 

Parret, Bro. Henry P., son of Elias and Sarah Blocher Par- 
ret, born near Dora, Ind., died Dec. 20. 1913, at Plentywood, 
Mont., aged 62 years, 6 months and 20 days. Dec. 1, 1893. he 
was united in marriage to Hannah F. Stutsman. Six chil- 
dren were born to this union. The widow and four children 
survive. In 1875 he united with the Church of the Brethren. 
Services in the Glrard church, III., by the writer, assisted by 
Eld. J. H. Brubaker, of VIrden, 111. Text, Philpp. 1: 21. In- 
terment in the Pleasant Hill cemetery. — M. Flory, Girard, 111. 
Rose, Bro. David J., born June 10, 1853, died in the bounds 
of the Shade Creek congregation," Pa., Dec. 21, 1913. aged 60 
years, 6 months and 11 days. Bro. Rose was slclc for some 
time from a complication of diseases. He is survived by six 
sons and one daughter. Services by Bro. Mahlon J. Brougher. 
Interment in the Berkey cemetery. — Stella Pernod. Windber, 
Pa. 

Shlck, Bro. Jesse Norman, born May 18, 1846, in Jefferson 
County, Pa., died Dec. 24, 1913, at Ills home In Lordsburg, Cal., 
aged 67 years, 7 months and 6 days. At the age of twenty- 
four he moved from Pennsylvania to Nebraska, where he was 
married six years later to Catherine Forney, daughter of Eld. 
John Forney. When twenty-eight years old, he united with 
the Church of the Brethren. Several years later he was called 
to the deacon's office. He worked diligently In this office until 
he was called to the ministry, remaining active until he 
suffered a stroke of paralysis, twelve years ago. His wife, 
three sons, four daughters and two sisters survive him. Serv- 
ices by Eld. W. F. England, assisted by Eld. Andrew Hutchi- 
son. .Text, Isa, 38: 1-5. Interment in the Evergreen ceme- 
tery, Lordsburg, Cal - . — Grace Hileman Miller, Lordsburg, Cal. 
Skiffle*, Sister Sarah, nee Netzley, born near Lftitz, Lan- 
caster Co., Pa,, Jan. 31, 1838, died at her home in Los Angeles, 
Ca]., Dec. 26, 1913, aged 75 years. 10 months and 26 days. 
When twelve years old she moved with her parents to Naper- 
ville, 111., remaining there until 1859, when she was united In 
marriage to John Shiffler, and moved to Dwight, same State. 
To this union were born six daughters and four sons, two of 
whom died In Infancy. In 1875 they moved to Glrard, Kans.. 
where they lived twenty-eight years. Ten years ago they 
moved to California, and have been living In Los Angeles 
ever since. Sister Shiffler united with the Church of tns 
Brethren early in life, and remained ever loyal. Her husband. 
John Shiffler, preceded her four years ago. Services at tlid 
church by Eld. D. W. Crist, assisted by Eld. S. G. Lehmcr. 
Text, Psa. 39; also Job 14: 1-20. Interment In the Inglewood 
Park cemetery. — Eva M. Frantz, 3125 N. Broadway, Los Ange- 
les, Cal. 

Wine, Bro. Joseph B., died In the Stuart Circle Hospital, 
Richmond, Va., Dec. 16, 1913, aged 51 years and 29 days. 
His body was brought to his late home. Funeral services 
were held in the Flat Rock church Dec. 20. by Eld. J. Carson 
Miller. He was married to Sister Mary E. Holler Feb. 20. 
1896. To this union were born four children, of whom a son 
and two daughters survive. His companion was called to the 
spirit land Nov. 6, 1906. Nov. 17, 1908, he was joined In mar- 
riage to Sister Ellen C. See. To this union were born three 
children, of whom a son and a daughter survive. In addition 
to the above, h'e Is survived by his wife, two brothers and 
three slaters and numerous relatives. — J. D. Wine, Forestville, 
Va. 



THE ANNUAL MEETING 

of tha Charon of the Brethren on 
the KortL Paolflo Gout 
In 1914 
calls attention to this great pro- 
ductive Northwest, Some of you 
will want to spend the Winter on 
the coast, and then attend the 
Conference In June. Others may 
want to seek a noin^, so let me send 
you our Illustrated literature and 
information about Northern Pa- 
cific Territory, which is ao greatly 
favored with ex- 
cellent soil, cli- 
mate, water, etc. 
Two daily trains 
from Chicago, 
three from S t 
Paul and Duluth. 
oni. from St. Louis 
to the North Pa- 
cific Coast. 

wim to 
A. M. CLELAND 

General PaiMnjor Afant 
St. P»nl KlnnMoU 




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"Some Who Led" 



INDIA: a Problem 



By W. B. Stow. 



Here is a reliable record of facts concerning 
conditions in India as collected by our first mis- 
sionary in that field. Many of these facts are 
such as came from the personal experience and 
observations of the atrthor; others are such as 
were gathered from the records of various mis- 
sions in different parts of India. The last, but 
not least important, chapter is a discussion of 
the problem, "What of the Future?" This, after 
all, is the paramount question concerning foreign 
missions, and what Brother Stover says on this 
matter will be a source of inspiration to the in- 
terested reader. The book is interspersed with 
numerous illustrations, which alone speak vol- 
umes. 344 pages, substantially bound. 

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THE BEATITUDES 



By S. N. MoCann 

A study of these wonderful truths and doc- 
trines as given by the Master in this part of the 
Sermon on the Mount. Each one of the Beati- 
tudes is taken up separately and analyzed, and 
the terms and phrases discussed in a manner that 
makes them stand out in a clear light to the read- 
er. It is really refreshing to an earnest Bible 
Student to read Brother McCann's observations 
concerning the real significance of "Blessed," 
"Poor in Spirit," "Kingdom of Heaven," "They 
that Mourn," "The Meek," "Hungering and 
Thirsting after Righteousness," "The Merciful," 
"Pure in Heart," "Peacemakers," "Persecuted 
for Righteousness' Sake," "Salt of the Earth," 
"Light of the World." 

In addition to the author's comments the book 
contains a number of quotations, prose and poetry, 
on these subjects, and several helpful illustrations. 
It shows also how the life of Christ exemplifies 
these doctrines. 

160 Pages, Bound in Beautiful Cloth 
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MISSIONARIES WANTED 



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ship to be a missionary. You can do the best kind of missionary work right at home, and you 
won't need any preparation or previous training either. All you need to do is to use a little 
of your spare time and a little of your surplus cash. 

One of the best missionaries to the home that we know of is the Gospel Messenger. It 
preaches several sermons each week to each and every person that reads it, besides containing 
interesting hits of news and timely articles on up-to-date subjects. 

This paper does not have the circulation that its worth deserves ; possibly the reasonfor 
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fit they are missing. 

OUR PROPOSITION IS THIS 

We will offer the Gospel Messenger for only 50 cents a year if sent into homes where 
there are no members of the Church of the Brethren. This fact of course is to be mentioned 
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48 

■ i H i ■ ' "" ~ 

TABLE OF CONTENTS. 

Editorial,— 

Appealing to Wrong Motives (J. H. M.). •"•■■""*•:**} 
The Modernization of the City of Jerusalem (D. L. M.>. 41 

Word Symbols (H. B. B.) ;"™"« 

nur Visit to the Foreign Mission Fields.— No. 7 (H. C. 

B.) ... .42 

The Messenger as a Missionary ^ 

Love for the Lord's Work, ■>- 

Appreciation of Ministerial Efficiency *- 

EhBdyK, — 

Faithful Sowing and Patient Waiting. By P. R. Kelt- 

The Wovkat Busa'r, India. By J. M. Blough 34 

Offences. By S. Z. Sharp • ■ ■ • ■ ■ 34 

Changing Scenes at Jalalpor, India. By Sadie J. Mil- 
ler ■ - 3G 

My Word Like a Fire.— Jer. 23: 39. By Florence H. 

Myers ; ■ ■ j[jj 

Thoughts or. the Sacraments.— No. 3. By H. J. Harnly. 3b 
The Southern Ohio Sunday-school Institute. By Levi 

Minnlch • 36 

" When I See the Blood." By J. I. Kaylor 3 , 

Baskets.— No. 3. By W. O. Beckner • ■ 37 

The Bound Table, — 

"Does It Pay?" J. F. Hoke. Bible and Sunday-school 
Institute of Middle Pennsylvania.— Elizabeth Barnett. 
More Workers Needed. — Geo. L. McDonaugh. The Bel- 
ter Plan. — C. D. Hylton. Sunday-school, Ministerial and 
District Meetings of Texas and Louisiana. — Lee Dadis- 
man, Sunday-school Lesson for Jan. 25 38 

Home and Family, — 

An Old Maid. — Elizabeth D. Rosenbdrger. A Lonely 
Home.— Kathryn Zlegler 39 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 17, 1914. 



Ing a Bible Term at our country church. Jan. 4 he preached 
at Yale to a large and attentive audience. — Allle Looklngblll. 
Vale, Iowa, Jan. 8. 

Middls District church reorganized the Sunday-school for 
1U14, with Bro. Claude Coppock as Sunday-school superintend- 
ent, and Sister Ethel Coppock as secretary. — Jos. H. Stark, 
R. D. 1. Tadmor, Ohio, Jan. 9. 

Mount Pleasant. — We met In council Jan. 3. Our elder, Bro. 
S. D. Stoner, presided. One letter was granted. Officers for 
Sunday-school and the home department were reelected. Our 
Sunday-school sent a box and five dollars to the Chicago Mis- 
sion. — Lera Miller, New Ross, Ind., Jan. 9. 

B*y. — We met In council at the little church, with Eld. 
Wagoner In charge, Jan. 3. It was a very Interesting meet- 
ing. — Mrs. Miles, Ray, N. Dak., Jan. 9. 

Liberty. — Our members convened In council Jan. 3, with our 
pastor, Bro. G. O. Stutsman, presiding. Our church decided, 
by unanimous vole, to retain Bro. Stutsman *s our pastor for 
another year. The work at this place has been growing dur- 
ing the past year. Christmas Day exercises were conducted 
at the church. Bro. Stutsman delivered a good sermon, and a 
basket dinner was served in the basement. — Lillian W. Harsb- 
barger, Liberty, 111., Jan. 6. 

Patterson church met in council Jan. 4. Bro. W. F. Haynes 
was chosen elder for one year; church clerk, Bro. O. M. Welch; 
Sunday-school superintendent, Bro. W. Brooks; president of 
the Christian Workers' Meeting, Sister Etta B. Haynes. We 
decided to get Bro. C. S. Garber for a series of meetings as 
soon as possible, and appointed Bro. J. B. Deardornt to attend 
to that matter. — Etta B. Haynes, Patterson, Cal.. Jan. 7. 



Notes from Our Correspondents. 

(Concluded from Page 45.) 

wide Missions. Brethren J. S. Flory, J. W. Wampler and P. 
S, Thomas held a Sunday-school Institute at Linvllle Creek 
Dec. 19 to Dec. 21. — Catherine R. Kline, Broadway, Va., Jan. 

WASHINGTON. 

mount Hope. — Our church met in council Dec 27. Bro. J. 
O. Streetor presided. We chose the following: Elder, Bro. 
Amos B. Peters, of Wenatchee; foreman, .Bro. J. O. Streeter; 
clerk. Sister Alice Streeter; treasurer, Sister Beryl Streeter; 
correspondent. Sister Ida Metcalf; Sunday-school superintend- 
ent, Sister Nell Rlckard; secretary, Sister Hazel Streeter. 
We decided to have Bro. Wm. DeardorfC conduct our series of 
meetings. — Pearl Hlxson, Chewelah, Wash., Jan. 3, 

Seattle. — In spite of the busy time in school and in the 
Bible Institute, the Sunday-school gave a very appropriate 
program on Christmas Eve. Dec. 27 we met In council. Bro. 

A. C. Root was reelected as our elder in charge. Sunday- 
school officers were elected for six months, with Bro. H. C. 
Wenger as superintendent, and Sister Eagly, superintendent 
of the cradle roll. Bro. G. R. Montz was chosen president of 
the Christian Workers' Society. We are enjoying the presence 
and help of those from the different congregations who are 
here attending the Bible Institute. On Sunday morning, Bro. 
J. S. Zimmerman gave a greatly appreciated talk to the chil- 
dren. In the evening another good talk was given by Bro. 
sutpnln, of Contralto.— (Mrs.) Sue Montz, 108 North Eighty- 
sL'L'imJ Street, Seattle, Wash., Jan. 8. 

Tekoa church met In council Dec 27. Our elder, Bro. D- 

B. Eby, presided. Two letters were granted. We reorganized 
our Sunday-school, with Bro. A. C. Roper reelected as super- 
intendent. Bro. Eby was with us over Sunday. He gave us 
two good sermons. — (Mrs.) Sarah Roper, Tekoa, Wash., Jan. 
4. 

WEST VIRGINIA. 
pleasant Valley. — Dec. 22 Eld. Obed Hamstead, of Oakland. 
Md., and Bro. Weaver, of Shilo, W. Va,, came to our place, and 
began protracted meetings. They preached seventeen soul- 
leviving sermons; We had very bad weather during the meet- 
ings, but had- the very best of interest all through the meet- 
ings. He baptized three sisters and four brethren, — all young 
people except two. Two are to be baptized In the near future. 
Several more were left to count the cost. Bro. Hamstead's 
earnest work was appreciated by all. Jan. 4 he started for 
home. — Lizzie Czlgan, R. D. 1, Auburn, W. Va., Jan. 4. 

Pleasant View. — Jan. 3, notwithstanding the inclement 
weather, there was a good attendance at council, and also the 
following day, for Sunday-school reorganization. Three were 
' received by letter Bro. Thomas Jones was elected superin- 
tendent, and Bro Clayton Jones secretary. Bro. W. F, Rodg- 
ers Is president of the Christian Workers' Meeting, and Bro. 

C. E. Jones Is secretary. Sister Cynthia McAvoy and the 
writer are the Program Committee. — Anna F. Sanger, R. D. 
1. Box 114, Fayettevllle, W. Va., Jan. 5. 

Sandy Creek congregation met in council Jan. 3. Eld. Jere- 
miah Thomas presided. We reorganized our Sunday-school, 
wjth Bro. C. A. Thomas as superintendent. Missionary solici- 
tors were elected. Bro. Noah Thomas was reelected clerk, and 
our elder as treasurer. Because of the increase in member- 
ship, it is necessary for us to enlarge our church building. We 
shall have a special council on Saturday night, Jan. 10, and 
will report next week. — C. R. Wolfe, R. D. 1, Brandonvllle, W. 
Va, Dee. 7. 

NOTES NOT CLASSIFIED. 
Washington City. — We met In council Jan. 6, with Eld. A. 
P. Snader In charge. Bro. Clifford G. Heatwole was chosen 
president of our Christian Workers' Meeting, and the writer, 
church clerk and correspondent. Two letters of membership 
were received and two granted. We have a membership of 
176, with Eld. B. B. Garber as pastor, but as he expects to 
return to his Virginia home, our Ministerial Committee is 
looking for a man to succeed him. The officials of our con- 
gregation agreed more fully to conform to the order of the 
church, and the church gave Instructions to the deacons, rela- 
tive to the visit now to be made. Brethren P. M. Radcllffe 
and Herman R. Yates were called to the office of deacon. They 
will be installed later on. — M. C. Flohr, 33S Eighth Street. 
Washington, D. C, Jan. 7. 

Otnaja-— Bro. A. B. Barnhart, wife and daughter, of Hagers- 
lown, Md., came recently to remain with us for some weeks. 
We are glad to have them here, for we are few in number. 
We wish other Brethren would come to us when they wish to 
escape the cold of a northern winter. Cuba Is a very desir- 
able place, especially in^wlnter. We have elected Sunday- 
school and Christian Workers' officers for the coming six 
months. The attendance and Interest are good. We are still 
hoping for workers, though our hope has been so long de- 
ferred that the heart sometimes grows sick. If the facts 
were known, we do not believe there would be such indiffer- 
ence to the work In Cuba. — Grant Mahan. Omaja, Cuba, Jan. 5. 

Pioneer church met in council at Enders Jan. 3, Our pres- 
tnt pastor having resigned, it was decided to ask the State 
Mission Board to help us to secure a minister for the work 
here. % We have so few members here that we can not sup- 
port a worker without help. Our love feast will be held Feb. 
7. — Mrs. Edwin Flory, Enders, Nebr., Jan. 8. 

Yale.— Bro I. C. Snavely. of Flora. Ind., has been conduct- 



WASHINGTON CITY, D. C. 

Our series of meetings, conducted by Eld. J. Carson Mil- 
ler, closed with one accession. Bro. Miller labored ear- 
nestly, and his sermons were full of inspiration and in- 
struction. We believe that much good seed has been sown 
which, if properly cared for, will bring forth fruit in due 
time. Our love feast was held at the close of the meet- 
ings. 

Since our last report we were fortunate in having with 
us Dr. A. Raymond Cottrell and wife, who stopped off on 
their way to New York, en route to India. They spoke 
to us both morning and evening of the last Sunday they 
spent in this country. All of their talks were interesting, 
and proved a decided stimulus to our missionary activ- 
ity. Prof. Ezra Flory also paid us a visit recently, and 
delivered a splendid discourse. 

On the evening of Dec. 15 we held a special council for 
the election of officers for the ensuing year, which re- 
sulted in part as follows: Elder, Bro. A. P. Snader; Sunday- 
school superintendent, J. H. Hollinger; church clerk and 
Messenger correspondent, Levi S. Flora; president of 
Christian Workers' Meeting, Claude C. Hawbaker. 

Our Christmas program was rendered on the evening 
of Christmas Day. It consisted of recitations by the chil- 
dren, songs by the different classes, one feature of the 
evening being a number of selections bearing directly on 
the Christmas story, rendered by a chorus of twenty 
voices. While the weather was very inclement in the early 
part of the evening, the house was well filled and we 
think all had an enjoyable time. At the close of the pro- 
gram the children were treated to candy and oranges. 
The adult classes, instead of receiving their candy, decided 
to take the equivalent in money and use it in buying good 
things for the poor. This was done and resulted in making 
many homes happy, which otherwise might not have re- 
ceived anything to brighten their Christmas. The Sisters' 
Aid Society also rendered valuable assistance by giving 
out clothing, shoes, etc., to poor children. This was made 
possible, to some extent, by two "congregations who 
thoughtfully sent boxes containing clothing, and other 
needed articles. A great many calls are being received 
for help, and it is sometimes difficult to determine which 
are the worthy ones, but the greatest of care is exercised 
in distributing the various articles. The assistance ren- 
dered by other societies, in sending us boxes of clothing, 
etc., is much appreciated, and results in great good. It 
would not be possible to keep many of the children in 
Sunday-school, if suitable clothing could not be provided 
for them. Recently our District Sunday-school Secretary, 
Eld. W. P. Englar, was with us and gave an illustrated talk 
to the children. He also preached for us on Sunday morn- 
ing. (Mrs.) D. E. Miller. 
806 C Street, S. E„ Dec. 27. 



BIBLE INSTITUTE OF PALMERA COLLEGE, CAL. 

This Institute will be held Jan. 26 to 31, inclusive, at Lords- 
burg. Cal. 

The Instructors. 

Elder Edward Frantz. A. M., formerly president of McPher-, 
son College and professor of Biblical Theology in the same, 
will give an exposition of the Epistle to the phllipplans. 

Eld. E. S. Young, A. B., B. D., has been professor of Biblical 
Theology In three eastern colleges. He has had much ex- 
perience in Bible Institute teaching. 

Eld. J. P. Dickey, B. S. L., formerly professor of the Eng- 
lish Bible In Palmera College, will give two lectures each day. 

Eld. Jno. F. Souders, professor of the English Bible in Pal- 
mera College, will teach one period each day and lecture each 
evening at 7: 30 o'clock on his travels In Palestine and the 
Orient, Illustrated with stereopticon views. 

Prof. W. 1. T. Hoover, M. A., Ph. D., now dean of Palmera 
College, has had considerable experience In Bible Institute 
teaching and will teach one period each day. 



The Instruction is free, though several free-will offerings 
will be taken to defray the expenses. 

The Dally Program. 
S: 45 A. M. Devotional Services. 9: 65, Doctrine of Man. — 
Prof. J. P. Dickey. 9; 50, Life of Christ.— Prof. E. S. Young. 
10:35. Epistle to the Phllipplans. — Prof. Edward Frantz. 
1:30 P. M. The Kingdom of God. — Prof. J. F. Souders. 2:15, 
Studies in 1 John. — Prof. J. P. Dickey. 3:00. An Inductive 
Biblical Study of Several Interesting Problems. — Dr. W. I. T. 
Hoover. 7:30. Illustrated Lecture on Palestine and the 
Orient. — Prof. J. F. Souders. 



The New 
Universal Self-Pronouncing 

DICTIONARY 

This book is based up- 
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to everyday use for busi- 
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Among the noteworthy 
features are the follow- 
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It Contains All the 
Words in the English 
language in ordinary use 
including many new 
words that have recently 
come into use. 
Words Are Divided Into Syllables. 
The Proper Use of Capital and Small Letters 
is clearly indicated. 

The Pronunciation of Each Word is shown by 
a clear and properly accented system of phonetic 
spelling. 

The Synonyms and Antonyms are given with 
the words themselves following the definitions. 

Each Word and Its Derivatives are separately 
indexed instead of the suffix words and prefix 
words being crowded in with the definitions. 

The Book contains 1,000 pages in large clear 
type. 

Price, postpaid, $1.35 

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GREAT EPOCHS of 
SACRED HISTORY 

AND THE SHADOWS THEY CAST 
i By James M. Gray- ^^^^-^^^— 

Popular Bible studies on the first twelve chap- 
ters of Genesis, showing the Primeval History 
on present and coming events. The book is com- 
posed of lectures, originally spoken to large audi- 
ences in New York, Chicago and Grand Rapids 
and previously in Glasgow and Edinburgh. Fol- 
lowing are the subjects of the six lectures: 

1. When the World Was Made. 

2. When Sin Entered the World. 

3. When the First City Was Built. • 

4. When the Flood Came and Swept Them All 
Away. 

5. When the First World-Monarchy Began. 

6. When the Last World-Monarchy Shall Ap- 
pear. 

The content of the book is both historic and 
prophetic. Dr. Gray judges the future by the 
past. His conclusions are based upon a thorough 
study of the Bible History and its obvious les- 
sons for future generations. The pernicious 
teachings of the destructive critics and the fal- 
lacies of Darwinian evolution are unmercifully 
exposed. If you are a Bible reader you will ap-» 
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ed in the Book of books, this will create a desire 
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Church Manual 

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This work contains the declaration of faith, 
parliamentary rulings, burial services, and 
treats on taking the oath, temperance, non- 
conformity to the world, and other subjects; 
in fact it will be found very helpful in many 
ways to all. * 

Elders, pastors, deacons, Sunday-school 
workers and lay members should have a copy 
for handy reference. 

Bound in limp cloth. 64 pages. 
Price , 15 cents 

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The Gospel Messenger 



"SET FOR THE DEFENSE OF THE GOSPEL."— Philpp. 1: 17. 



Vol. 63. 



Elgin, HI., January 24, 1914. 



No. 4. 



c 



AROUND THE WORLD 



An Eloquent Tribute. 
Few men in public station have had so favorable an op- 
portunity to see the real working of Christian missions in 
lands of utter darkness, as has been the good fortune of 
Ex-President Wm. H. Taft. In a recent article he refers 
lo the missionaries in general, as being persons of high 
character, intelligence, and exalted standards of living, — 
persons who are willing to make every sacrifice for the 
cause they represent. He describes tliem as men who 
know the characteristics of the people with whom they 
deal. They learn their language, they study their peculiar- 
ities, and they train themselves to^conciliatory methods. 
The very history of their broad and varied activities shows 
their practical methods. 

The Burden of Strikes. 
hi a recapitulation of the direct losses by reason of 
strikes, a significant exhibit is presented by last year's 
labor troubles in England. Twelve million days' work was 
lost by the toilers, which would mean nearly sixty mi'lion 
dollars in production and wages. Then, too, the cost of 
strikes does not merely affect the immediate parties 
concerned therein, but practically every person in the 
community, — direct or indirect, — and at times even the 
people of other nations pay the penalty by increased cost 
of products. Then, too, the want arid privation that are 
a necessary result of protracted strikes, are a great cost 
to public health and industrial production, long after peace 
has been restored. From the standpoint of merely dollars 
and cents, the most successful strike is a loss to even the 

victor. 

A Most Acceptable Present 
During the recent Christmas season more than ten .thou- 
sand families of New York's poor were provided with well- 
iilled baskets in remembrance of the occasion, — nine char- 
itable organizations participating in the distribution. A 
most acceptable addition to the contents of these baskets 
was a New Testament, or portions of the Gospels, supplied 
by the generosity of the New York Bible Society. More 
than twenty languages were represented by "the books thus 
distributed, bringing to mind the important fact that New 
York's cosmopolitan population presents, to the Christian 
forces of our nation, citizens from almost every land on the 
globe. The Bible Society also made a special distribution 
of 10,000 Bibles to immigrants landing at Ellis Island dur- 
ing December. No present could have been given them, 
fraught with greater or more far-reaching importance. No 
gift could have been more precious. 



been lavishing favors most generously. Probably Mr. 
Ford realizes by this time that the pathway of him who 
would be a benefactor to his fellows is not devoid of unex- 
pected difficulties and problems. 



Practical Help for the Poor. 
One of old said, "The destruction of the poor is their 
poverty," and it would seem that present-day conditions 
amply confirm the truthfulness of the statement. In many 
of our cities, and notably the larger ones, unskilled labor 
must submit lo many disadvantages. Workers are supplied 
with positions mainly through employment agencies which 



A Description That Fits. 
That there is nothing of real value in the common run 
of theatrical performances, is a generally admitted fact by 
those who have spiritual discernment, and" sometimes even 
the secular newspapers are not slow to voice their disap- 
proval. The dramatic critic of the " Chicago Record-Her- 
ald " thus summarizes a play, recently presented by one of 
thejiigher grade theaters of the city, "A yell, a scuffle, 
a dash of profanity, a brutal dance, a torrent of slang, 
coarse songs,— -making light, usually, of some incident of 
domestic shame and misery, — these things do not make for 
agreeable entertainment. They weary and offend. One 
sickens of the forehead of brass, the cheek of leather and 
the leering eye." Why waste precious time in attending 
even the least objectionable of such performances, while 
the vital issues of civic and religious life challenge the most 
intense and strenuous endeavor of every professing Chris- 
tian? ■ — 

A Result Little Expected. 
Last week we described the endeavor of Henry Ford, 
Detroit's millionaire automobile manufacturer, hereafter 
to make his men sharers in the handsome profits of the 
concern. So widely advertised, however, was his offer 
that ten thousand men and women,, from all parts of the 
United States, at once rushed to Detroit, to secure posi- 
tions in the far-famed factory. When, upon application 
at the busy shops, they were told that the places were all 
filled, and that no more help was needed for the present, 
wild confusion seized upon the crowd. Bricks and stones 
crashed through the windows of the big factory, and not 
until the city authorities made use of streams of water, 
thrown upon the enraged throng by means of the fire 
hose, was there a dispersion of the disappointed applicants 
for a share of Ford's generosity. Man is ever the same — 
always ready to grasp life's treasures, but if foiled in his 
endeavors, equally ready to smite the very hand that has 




MARY N. QU1NTRR. 



Fell Asleep In Jesua Jan. 14, 1914. 
(Se'G Mid. D. Tj. Miller's Editorial on P&Bt G7 1 



Physical Activity Commended. 
While the benefit of physical toil has frequently been 
undervalued, it is true, nevertheless, that many of human- 
ity's ills might be eliminated by a more liberal employment 
of our God-given energies. Even Holy Writ emphasizes 
the value of manual labor as a promoter of health. Re- 
cently Germany's ruler, Emperor William, was 1 advised 
by his physicians to engage in active outdoor labor if he 
would overcome serious functional impairment. With his 
customary impetuosity the august ruler at once entered 
upon the work of sawing and splitting wood on his grounds 
near Sans Souci, and not only enjoys the unwonted task, 
but realizes the undoubted benefit thug afforded. Inci- 
dentally he teaches a useful lesson to those who disdain- 
fully regard manual labor, and consider it beneath the dig- 
nity ol those, engaged in intellectual pursuits, or occupy- 
ing a high station in life. 



exact a heavy fee from the toilers, whose wages are but 
scanty at best. Cleveland's Chamber of Commerce has 
determined to end the extortionate exploitation of the la- 
borers, and its members are now, by a concerted effort, 
providing positions free of charge to all applicants. Such 
a spirit is most commendable, as it helps the worker in 
the most practical way. It is always better to put a 
roan in the way of earning a dollar than to give him a 
dollar outright, by way of charity relief. Then, too, it is 
of greatest importance so to safeguard the worker's en- 
vironments that he may be protected in the full enjoyment 

of his earnings, without the heavy tolls levied upon him by 

oppressive employment agencies. 

Japan's Great Calamity. 
In Kagoshima Bay lies the island of Sakura, The lower 
slopes 'of its noted volcano have for long years been dense- 
ly populated, far up to the wooded heights. Though al- 
ways regarded as a place of danger, the natives, with an 
optimism that banished all thought of a possible calamity, 
persisted in remaining in places where destruction, sooner 
or later, was bound to overwhelm them. When, Jan. 12, 
the cable message of fiery Sakurajima's destructive erup- 
tions was flashed to all parts of the civilized world, the 
full extent of the disaster was hardly realized. Later re- 
ports showed that nestling villages have been overwhelmed 
with ashes and lava, and that the populous city of Kago- 
shima is ruined by showers of ashes, as is the country for 
many miles around. Even stone buildings have succumbed 
beneath the load of hot scoria;. Tidal waves and earth- 
quakes also added their portion to the general horror. 
The extensive island of Kiushiu, southernmost of the 
three principal islands of the Japanese Empire, is covered 
with ashes even to the streets of Nagasaki. As to the ac- 
tual number of those who lost their lives during the over- 
whelming calamity, exact figures can not be given at this 
writing, though it is not likely to reach, in total extent, as 
large a figure as during the earthquake of 1894, when 100,- 
000 souls were hurried to an untimely end. 



A Golden Opportunity. 
Japan's overwhelming disaster, as referred to else- ■ 

where, should excite the sympathy of the entire world 
and especially so of the people of the United States. Be- 
sides millions of the people on the verge of starvation. 
'thousands of others have doubtless been killed by the 
earthquakes and vulcanic eruptions, or drowned in. the 
angry seas. Moines, gardens and farms have been devas- 
tated. Already President Wilson has sent his personal 
message of sympathy and regret, representing therein the 
sentiment of the entire nation, ,But such a document will 
not feed the hungry or clothe the destitute. It is to be 
hoped that Congress will take immediate steps to show 
the nation's sympathy in a way altogether practical, and en- 
tirely appropriate to present needs. We have here a golden 
opportunity to evince our genuine friendship, — more ef- 
fectual than a thousand diplomatic messages of mere for- 
malities. 

Much to Be Thankful For. 
Advocates of temperance have abundant reason to feel 
encouraged, since public sentiment against this greatest of 
humanity's foes is daily becoming more pronounced. Sta- 
tistics show that the consumption of all kinds of liquor 
in European countries is decreasing, because of a recogni- 
tion of its evil effects by those most addicted to its use. 
Then, too, the attorney-general of Texas comes forward 
with his opinion that newspapers which advertise liquor 
houses, soliciting business in dry territory, are liable to 
prosecution, as aiding in the violation of liquor laws. In 
support of such an interpretation he cites the decision of 
the Supreme Court of Arkansas to the effect that a cir- 
cular or advertisement of a soliciting nature is ample evi- 
dence to convict the firm in question. More and more, as 
public sentiment is asserting itself, will there be a con- 
certed demand that the iniquitous liquor traffic be banished 
from this and other lands, together with all other practices 
that debase and defile. 



New Conceptions of Old Truths. 
Dr. Charles W. Eliot, president emeritus of Harvard 
University, recently startled the religious world by his 
extreme utterances regarding commonly-accepted Bible 
truths, and religious as well as secular papers are still dis- 
cussing the views of the noted educator. At one fell swoop 
Dr. Eliot disposes of long-cherished religious beliefs, and 
dismisses as myths certain time-honored narratives of the 
Bible. The Garden of Eden, the creation of man, the sun 
standing still at Joshua's command, the committal of the 
Ten Commandments to Moses by God,— all these are 
branded as mythical. Miracles are deemed to be impos- 
sible and irreconcilable with the ideas of present-day knowl- 
edge. Just why the Creator and Ruler of the universe 
should not have power to bring about all these disputed 
things, Dr. Eliot does not explain. Acknowledging the 
Creator's supreme control, and conceding to him the won- 
ders of "sound, light and electricity," do we not impute 
to him power equivalent to the making of man, to the per- 
formance of miracles, and to the accomplishment of the 
"apparently impossible and unscientific achievements" of 
the Old and New Testaments? The Creator alone gives 
life, and is the only Source of it. That is the supreme 
miracle. Science is staggered by it, for it can produce 
nothing equal to it, nor explain it. When we accept that 
conclusion as a fact, all other miracles become subordi- 
nate, save only the restoration, of life,— and even that is 
not difficult, if the Creator is actually alt-powerful. The 
doctor, by his disparagements, is attacking a strong for- 
tress, but as others before him, he will find its foundations 
laid deep and strong,— even upon the solid rock of Ever- 
lasting Truth. 



50 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 24, 1914. 



ESSAYS 



The Scoffer's Folly. 

BY ARTHUR V. FOX. 
They say there is no God, and grim defiance fling 
At One my Soiil adores, — my Sovereign King. 
They pile their wisdom, arts, and store, 
As though there were no evermore, 
No great beyond, — no other shore, — 

And thus insult my King. 

They deem it low to pray, to trust in Christ the Lord, 
- They sneer at praise, and at the written Word, 
Their threescore ten are spent in sin, 
They will not let my Savior in, 
But revel in the world's mad din 

Till falls (he avenging sword. 

Cease now thy boast, vain man! God's wrath is deep and 

strong, 
Time soon will pass away. Eternity is long. 
There is no hope beyond the grave. 
Reject no more the love he gave; 
It was for thee. O let him save, 

.And fill thy life with .song! 
Coeur d'Alene, Idaho. 



Evil By Association. 

BY PAUL MOHLER. 

Why are we called to account so quickly for com- 
mitting some offenses, and indulged in other tilings 
as bad or worse? This question has disturbed a good 
many of us at limes, and it is worthy of an answer. 
Il is a frequent cause for discouragement and stum- 
bling. 

Some things are unquestionably bad in themselves,— 
murder, robbery, lying and impurity. Others are bad, 
not because of their nature, but because of their as- 
sociations, tendencies, and final results. It might even 
happen that an act, innocent enough in itself, would 
be worse in its effects than a very great crime. 

I remember knowing, when a boy, a certain promi- 
nent business man of our town. He drank moderate- 
ly, yet carried himself well. In fact, no one could 
see that drinking hurt him. I remember bearing min- 
isters say that lie was doing more real harm than if 
he were lying daily in the gutter. Why? Because 
he was known to all as an exponent of moderate 
drinking and a demonstration of its possibility. Other 
men, seeing his ability to " drink soberly," undertook 
the same and were destroyed. 

There are some social customs of such general prac- 
tice and extensive support that they may well be called 
institutions. Many people support them for their 
pleasure, others for their profit. Such an institution 
is dancing. 

There are dances everywhere and of every kind, but 
they are all associated more or less. It is always 
easier to take up a bad dance, after having learned 
and enjoyed one not so bad, than before. This is due 
to the great law of association, which binds so many 
things together. 

A comparatively decent dance in a private home, 
may be enjoyed by respectable people, with no im- 
mediate evil effects; but some one of that party may 
be especially susceptible to the influences of the dance. 
Moderate indulgence does not satisfy him long. For 
his further gratification there are public places for 
dancing and partners of every character. From this 
he may easily pass to lower and still lower haunts, 
until he breathes the very atmosphere of hell, and 
revels in its wickedness. Start him at the top of that 
ladder, and who can tell where he may stop? 

That is one great reason, my pure, sweet sister, why 
it might be a very terrible thing for you to dance even 
one dance. Your own innocent indulgence, in that 
which harms you not, may start a brother on the 
course which leads to his destruction. Murder, even, 
would be more kind than that. 

It is so with other institutions. Card-playing has 
its better forms, where it seems to be but a simple 
pastime for idle hours. But it, too, has its lower 
forms and terrible fascinations. Theaters have their 
better uses, from which men are led to the worse. 
Let all decent people keep themselves clear from all 



such institutions in their better forms, and a vast num- 
ber of weaker men would never come under their evil 
influence. This principle, and the responsibility it 
throws upon the self-indulgent Christian, are fully il- 
lustrated by Paul in 1 Cot. 8: 1*13, which everyone 
ought to read. If you think this is a small matter, 
read it and revise your opinion. 

That, my sister, is one reason why the church is so 
much concerned about your wearing a simple little 
hat; it is the associated institution that we dread. 
The rattles of a rattlesnake are innocent enough, but 
we do not want our children to play with them, be- 
cause of the fang at the other end of the snake. We 
see women everywhere caught in the terrible rage 
for dress and social prominence. Even if you are 
strong enough to resist these influences, others are not, 
and your very moderate recognition of this powerful 
institution may be read by them as an endorsement. 
After you have started them on a course that will 
destroy their spirituality and Christian simplicity, you 
will find it hard to stop them short of the extreme to 
which you would not go yourself. 

And that, my brother, enters into your own dress 
question. Your bowing a little way to the goddess of 
fashion weakens your sister's defence against woman's 
greatest temptation. If you could see into the years 
to come and know the final results of your " liberty " 
(1 Cor. 10: 23 to 11: 1), you might not be so eager 
to exercise it. There is a future for all of us, and 
that of him who is careless of his weaker brother and 
who does that which causes him to stumble, is not a 
pleasant one to contemplate. Matt. 18: 6 is commen- 
tary enough on that : " Whoso shall cause one of 
these little ones that believe on me to stumble, it is 
profitable for -him that a great millstone should be 
hanged about his neck, and that he should be sunk 
in the depth of the sea" (Am. Rev.). 

It is not alone, therefore, the size or the intrinsic 
evil of an act that determines its importance; it is 
its associations as well, and often the latter is of the 
more importance. 

4341 Congress^ t. t Chicago, III. 



Arrival of the New Missionaries. 

BY KATHRYN Z1EGLER. 

As soon as we heard when our five new workers 
were leaving the homeland, we began to look forward 
to their coming. Not knowing on what line they ex- 
pected to arrive in Bombay, some of us had quite a 
correspondence with several steamship companies. 
We were informed that our party were listed among 
the passengers on an Italian boat due in Bombay Dec. 
6 or 7. Bro. Blough, Bro. Kaylor's, Sister Holsopple 
and I were there to meet them. 

Saturday, the 6th, all day we were anxious to hear 
that the boat had come. About seven o'clock in the 
evening we learned that they had received a wireless 
message, stating that the boat would be in that night, 
but they told us the passengers would not land till 
morning. The next morning, as soon as we bad our 
tea, we went to the docks and saw the boat {Firenze) 
on which they were. Even the sight- of the steamer 
gave us a happy feeling, but we realized a still happier 
feeling when we grasped the hands of our cowork- 
ers and welcomed them to India's shore. 

When arrangement was made for the baggage, we 
proceeded to the hotel, ate our breakfast, and went to 
church. After the noon meal we gathered in a room 
for a season of praise and prayer for the Father's 
protecting care. Each one expressed the joy felt in 
being where his heart longed to be/and for which he 
had frequently prayed. 

Sunday evening we again attended sendees, which 
were much enjoyed by myself, as I had not heard 
an English sermon for about a year. Monday was 
spent in looking after the baggage, exchanging the 
American money for Indian money, and doing some 
shopping. 

Tuesday morning, about eight o'clock, we left Bom- 
bay. The baggage our brethren brought from home, 
in addition to that which had accumulated in Bombay, 
was no small matter to get arranged *and weighed 
and put on the train. We had all the room we needed, 



for which we were glad. Among our parcels was a 
lunch basket, in which were different kinds of India 
fruits to introduce to our new people. Few of these 
they cared for, but others they promised to like later 
on. About 12:30 the train arrived at Bulsar. There 
were Bro. Heisey's, Sisters Blough, Shumaker, Quint- 
er, Miller, and Lloyd and Anna Emmert, orphan boys 
and girls, fathers and mothers, ready to welcome the 
new people. The children began to sing, and a num- 
ber had 'garlands andibouquets to show their- love and 
appreciation to those who have come to help to bring 
India to Christ. At Bulsar was the break in this little 
band of five. Dr. Cottrell's remained there, while 
Bro. Arnold's and Sister Royer came to Ankleshwer. 

When the train stopped at Jalalpor, the newcomers 
were, met by Bro. Emmert and some of the Chris- 
tians of that place. These also had bunches of 
flowers. 

The next stop was "Ankleshwer, where another re- 
ception was held. We met in the church. One of 
our teachers, with some of the little boys, had pre- 
pared a song of welcome. Another teacher gave a 
short address of welcome. Bro. Arnold's and Sister 
Royer spoke and Bro. Stover interpreted their words. 

May these, our coworkers, be kept well, be success- 
ful in their language study, and soon be able to take 
up the work which they long to do. The Lord be 
praised for their lives in this sinful land! 

Ankleshwer, India- Dec. 18. 



Lot and His Wife. 

BY D. C. REBER, 

Reference is made to Lot in the New Testament 
two times* and his wife is mentioned once by Jesus. 
himself. Now it may be asked, " What significance 
did this family have in God's plan of human redemp- 
tion?" Living, as they did, in an age when the human 
family had quite generally become exceedingly wicked, 
they stood out in exceptional prominence by way of 
contrast with their neighbors. 

Lot was born in Ur of Chaldees. His father was 
Haran and his uncle was Abram. When Abram -was 
called to leave Ur, to go, under God's leading, to a 
land that the Lord would show him, Lot journeyed 
with Abram.. After a journey of more than a thou- 
sand miles through an extensive and dangerous desert, 
they came into Canaan, bringing with them their pos- 
sessions. Abram's wife was Sarah. Lot, at this time, 
was not yet married, but had abundant possessions . 
consisting of flocks, herds, tents, and herdsmen. 
Doubtless Lot was also a believer in the God of 
Abram, although the Divine Record omits to say that 
he ever built an altar to God". Although Lot's father 
died when Lot was young, yet he was fortunate in 
having for many years- the counsel and holy example 
of his uncle Abram. Under worldly prosperity, it 
became necessary, for peace and friendship's sake, 
that Lot and Abram should separate. Lot, having 
been granted first choice, chose the well-watered, 
fruitful plain of the Jordan, studded with prosperous 
cities. 

When Lot had to stand alone, after this separation 
from his uncle, his character was revealed in its true 
light. No longer feeling the personal influence of 
Abram's instruction, Lot made several serious mis- 
takes. First, he lifted his eyes toward that wicked 
city Sodom (Gen. 13: 10). What drew Lot Sodom- 
ward? His motive, doubtless, was a selfish one, being 
actuated by worldly gain only. This led him to pitch 
his tent toward Sodom, the second step downward 
(Gen. 13: 12). On the other hand, Abram removed 
his tent westward, and dwelt in the plain of Mamre 
at Hebron, and there built an altar unto the Lord. 

As the magnet attracts the steel irresistibly when in 
its field of influence, next Lot was dwelling in Sodom 
(Gen. 14: 12). As subsequent events proved plainly. 
Lot had cast his lot among a bad lot. Soon Chedor- 
laomer, king of Elam, captured Sodom and its in- 
habitants, together with Lot and his goods. Abram 
hearing that Lot was taken captive, forgetting his 
nephew's ingratitude toward him, disregarding all 
difficulties and dangers, thinking only of relieving a 
brother in distress, and depending on God, boldly 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 24, 1914. 



pursued the numerous and combined forces of the ■ 
four kings. Abram was averse to war, and neither 
before nor after this did he engage in it, yet he was 
prepared for it and attacked the enemy at night by 
surprise. He not only was victorious but recovered 
Lot and all his possessions, including Lot's wife. Lot 
doubtless got his wife in Sodom, which fact shows his 
strong attachment to the place. Abram refused any 
pav whatsoever from the king of Sodom for services 
rendered, nor, so far as known, did Lot ever so much 
as thank Abram for his rescue. 

Abram, no doubt, saw that Lot and his family were 
exposed to great danger, living in the wicked city of 
Sodom, and he may have counseled him to remove 
from it. At any rate, knowing the tremendous guilt 
of Sodom in God's eyes, he prayed humbly, yet fer- 
vently, for Sodom's salvation, chiefly, perhaps, for 
Lot and his family's sake. 

In marked contrast with Abraham's prayer for sin- 
ful Sodom is Lot's prayer for himself, as he was. 
lingeringly leaving it. Here his selfish and self-willed 
nature was clearly manifested. He seemed solicitous 
about his own welfare, and astonishingly indifferent 
about his family. Lot's prayer was answered, iwhile 
Abraham's was not, teaching us that an answered 
prayer is not always a blessing but sometimes a doom. 

The social side of Lot's character seems to have 
been paralyzed. This is the weak phase of his charac- 
ter. Coldness and insensibility starved out charity and 
friendship. Lot did not even mourn his wife's fate 
after she became a pillar of salt. He ended his days 
in a cave, under the darkest moral brand. Lot and 
Tudas resemble each other in a number of points. 

Looking now on the strong and attractive side of 
Lot's character, we, have the testimony of Peter (2 
Peter 2:- 8) that Lot was just and righteous. This 
was clearly revealed by his attitude toward the angels 
that came to Sodom at even. He showed courtesy, 
hospitality and strong courage on the eve before 
Sodom's fateful destruction. Amid the atrocious 
sensuality of the Sodomites, Lot preserved his purity. 
Amid the lawless, profligate mob, guilty of sodomy, 
Lot defended his guests, and denounced the abomin- 
able wickedness of* his fellow-citizens. Lot hated the 
heinous depravity of the people of Sodom, and yet 
lie was loath to leave them. 

Lot seems to be a type of many Christians, and their 
attitude toward the world and men's sins. How far 
shall godly people mingle with those in error, in the 
hope of saving them? We have no reason to think 
that Lot cdnverted a single soul in Sodom by his life 
and conversation. His attempts to induce his own 
relatives to leave the doomed city seemed* like a 
mockery to them. His life seemed to lack sincerity 
and conscience. 

In Jonah we have an instance of a good man being 
instrumental in saving a very large and sinful city by 
his fearless preaching. But Lot entered the darkness 
without being actuated by the purpose of bringing 
light. It is questionable wisdom to associate with sin- 
ners unless we are strong and are impelled by a single 
noble motive. Christ came to save sinners, but he did 
not regularly take up his abode among them and con- 
nive at their evil deeds. 

Our cotmtry today abounds in modern Sodoms. 
Our cities possess numerous saloons, theaters and dens 
of vice. What is the Christian doing to bring the 
great search-light of the Gospel of Jesus Christ to 
expose, rebuke and eradicate these social evils? Too 
many so-called Christians hide their light under the 
bushel of indifference and when they have opportunity 
to lend their influence, for righteousness, their saintly 
salt has apparently lost its savor and the will of God 
is defeated. 

Lot's soul was saved, but his life was lost. Abram 's 
influence, exerted upon him, kept alive in him a saving 
faith, but this seemed to be hidden from his family 
and associates by his mercenary motives. Lot con- 
tinually leaned toward the world. His character was 
a mixture of strength and weakness, in which the 
weakness seemed to lead to the ruin of his own family 
and brought his own soul close to ruin's brink. 

Why did Jesus say, "Remember Lot's wife"? 
She had good impulses. She saw what she ought to 



do, but her divided mind was fixed on her household 
in Sodom, so that she failed to hear and obey the 
angels' voice. Hence she looked batk with regret and 
longing, and as a punishment for her disobedience and 
half-heartedness, and therefore false-heartedness, she 
became fixed in uselessness and death. She is typical 
of all who, having put their hand to the Gospel plow, 
look back and thus show that they are not fit "for the 
kingdom. Her husband was a " brand plucked from 
the burning" and in him God showed that man must 
be separated from the wicked, to be saved, and that he 
will not destroy the righteous with the wicked. 

Let us learn finally that man is made to look for- 
ward, not backward, and to go forward to eternal life 
by doing God's will, and not backward to endless 
death through disobedience. 

Elisabethtown, Pa, 



McPherson College, McPherson, Kans. 

BY E. L. CRAIK. 

One of the most pleasant and best attended Bible 
Institutes in the history of McPherson College closed 
last night. In the minds of many it was the very 
best we have ever had. The weather was favorable 
through the week, and more than the usual number 
of members took advantage of the week's feast of 
good tilings. The register shows that about seventy- 
five strangers were in attendance, — an encouraging 
increase over former years. The annual meeting of 
the Board of Trustees occurs tomorrow. Some of 
the Trustees came early so as to enjoy the Bible 
work. 

Bro. D. Webster Kurtz proved himself a masterful 
instructor, even though his endurance was put to the 
test by the heaviness of the work assigned him. TJie 
chapel was always crowded with eager listeners when 
Bro. Kurtz spoke. 

At 10: 30 each day he lectured on Galatians. There 
was scarcely time enough for Bro. Kurtz to complete 
this study satisfactorily to himself. At 2:30 he dis- 
cussed the Gospel in its several aspects of love, faith, 
truth, liberty, and joy. At the evening hour Bro. 
Kurtz spoke on the parables of Jesus, emphasizing the 
great principles of the Kingdom which are bound to 
be worked out to a glorious end. 

Elder J. J. Yoder occupied several hours dining 
the week, discussing church and educational problems. 
Dr. H. J. Harnly gave three, lectures on the sacra- 
ments. Thursday afternoon Miss Elizabeth Culp, of 
the Domestic Science department, invited the visitors 
over to her laboratory and gave a demonstration and 
lecture. Visitors were supplied with some sample 
products of culinary art. Prof. R. E. Moliler took an 
hour, Friday afternoon, to lecture on agriculture and 
its relation to our church and school. 

Not the least interesting of the sessions were the 
educational hour and the " testimony " service, in 
which the visitors as well as the home folks partici- 
pated. The purpose was to get the views and im- 
pressions of those who spent the week with us, and 
we were pleased to note a warmth of feeling and a 
zeal to be of mutual help in the great tasks before us. 

The student body can not be too highly commended 
for the way in which they turned out to attend the 
lectures. The policy of the faculty towards those who 
absented themselves from classes, to take advantage 
of the Bible hours, has always been very liberal and 
fair, and the students have respected the privilege. 
We feel that the experiences of 'the week have given 
both school and church a deeper spiritual impulse. 

The second semester of the academic year opens 
Jan. 19, with good prospects. 'The two winter terms 
are offering unusual inducements to those desiring 
work for a short term. 



Some Suggestions. 

BY JOHN WOODARD. 

Every year many queries are sent to the Annual 
Meeting' and, after being fully discussed, are either 
passed on or returned. Some of these queries have 
resulted in much good, — like those that led to the 
formation of the General Mission Board and the Sun- 
day-school Board,— but others should never have 



reached Annual Meeting. A great deal of time is 
spent in discussing these queries and, so far as I can 
see, most of the members think and act just as they 
did before the question came up. 

Seemingly much good time is wasted at Annual 
Meeting. Before a query is sent to Conference, we 
should be certain that it is suggested by a real problem 
affecting the Brotherhood as a whole, and that it has 
not been answered previously by Annual Meeting. 
Then the business session would be materially short- 
ened, and the rest of the time could be spent more 
advantageously in some other way. 

We already have a Sunday-school Meeting, a Mis- 
sionary Meeting, and an Educational Meeting at each 
Annual Conference. We could very profitably en- 
large all these meetings. 

But there is another line of "work we might well 
take up. Our only creed is the Bible, and we ought 
to know more about God's Word. Why not have, at 
Annual Meeting, a series of lectures on doctrine by 
our best men? In this age of doubt it would be a 
good plan to learn something about the existence of 
God, the Divinity of Christ, and the inspiration of 
the Scriptures. We need some lectures on peace, tem- 
perance, amusements, simple life, and sex education. 

All over the country are advertisements, showing 
the bright side of army life. If we are to keep our 
boys from being led astray by these tidvertisements, 
we will haye to do a great deal more teaching. 

The liquor traffic is not dead yet, and tobacco is 
Still for sale. We need to put forth greater efforts 
in fighting these evils. 

Nearly every town has its moving picture shows 
and pool rooms, and many have dance halls. If we 
expect to keep our young people away from such 
places, wc will have to provide something better. 

A short time ago I heard several lectures. by a 
certain lady. She spoke of the way some of the girls 
dress, but she said that the girls are not to blame. 
They do not know better. Their mothers are to 
blame, because they did not tcacii them. We need 
more teaching. 

Every year thousands of girls and more boys begin 
a life of immorality. If they had been properly 
taught, they could have escaped, but some one was 
too modest (?) to give them the necessary informa- 
tion. It is time to shake off this false modesty and 
attack the evil at its source. Let us have prevention, 
and then there will be no need of cure. We must 
wisely teach the laws of sex. We must destroy that 
old, false idea that one standard of morals governs a 
man's conduct and another a woman's. We must 
teach the coming generation that there can be but one 
standard of morals for both men and women, — the 
standard of a pure life. It is the duty of every Chris- 
tian to emphasize this single standard of morals. We 
have not done what we should in this line. It is time 
for more active work, and Annual Meeting would be 
a grand place to begin. 

We need to know more about the history of our 
church and the work of those who have gone to their 
reward. Why not have some lectures along this line? 
Would it not be a good thing to forget our differences 
for a while and talk about those noble men and wom- 
en, who suffered so much for the truth's sake? I be- 
lieve it would. 

And while we were learning more about the Bible, 
the problems which confront us, and the noble leader- 
ship of our predecessors, we would become better 
acquainted with each other, and all would profit by it. 
Some of the old brethren may wonder why some of 
us younger fellows are not any better than we are. 
I will tell you. It is because we have not been well 
enough acquainted with the old brethren. We, who 
are young, need the friendship of those who are older. 
Their interest in our welfare is a great help in times 
of temptation. I thank God that some of the aged 
brethren and sisters take so much interest in the 
young. It has been my privilege to know some of 
these aged ones, and I shall never regret having made 
their acquaintance. If more of our old folks would 
get into closer touch with the boys and girls, we 
would not lose so many of our young people. 

Columbia, Mo. 



52 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 24, 1914. 



Thoughts on the Sacraments 

A Series of Discussions 

By H. J. Harnly 



No. 4. — On the Nature of the Human Personality as 
Related to Conversion. 

Prof. Jamf.s, in his recent work on "The Varieties 
of Religious Experiences,", lias a chapter on " The 
Divided Self and a Process of Its Unification." It 
' follows chapters on " Healthy-inindedness " and " The 
Sick Soul." I quote: "The psychological basis of 
the twice-born character seems to be a certain dis- 
cordancy or heterogeneity in the native temperament 
of the subject, an incompletely unified moral and in- 
tellectual constitution. . . . Now, in all of us, how- 
ever constituted, but to a degree greater in proportion 
as we are intense and sensitive, the subjects to diver- 
sified temptations, and to the greatest possible degree, 
if we are decidedly psychopathic, does the normal 
evolution of character chiefly consist in the straight- 
ening out; the unifying of the inner self. The higher 
and the lower feelings, the useful and the erring im- 
pulses, begin by being a comparative chaos within us. 
They must end in forming a stable system of function 
in right subordination. Unhappiness is apt to charac- . 
terize the period' of order -making and struggle. If 
the individual be of tender conscience and religiously 
quickened, the unhappiness will lake the form of 
moral remorse and compunction, of feeling inwardly 
vile and wrong, and of standing in false relations to _ 
the Author of one's being and Appointer of one's 
spiritual fate. This is the religious melancholy and 
' conviction of sin ' that lias played so large a part in 
the history of Protestant Christianity. The man's 
interior is a battle-ground for what he feels to be 
two deadly, hostile selves, one actual, the other ideal." 

When, in the human personality, we have dis- 
covered an objective and a subjective self, we have 
not yet exhausted the possibility of analysis. Ap- 
proached from another side, it would seem to be a 
kind of double duplex, — a divided, discordant per- 
sonality, each discordant division related to a third and - 
apparently free-conscious self, vitally interested in the 
divided, discordant conflicting self. Here I touch on 
experiences that every " sick " soul, — a soul under 
" conviction," — has had. There are many conflicts and 
tragedies in this world. Individual comes into conflict 
with individual, — group of individuals with group of 
individuals; one or the other goes down. Naturalists 
call it " The survival of the fittest." It would be truer 
to say the survival of the strongest for, as a matter of 
fact, it is not always the fittest that survives. Of all 
the conflicts and tragedies, in this world of conflict . 
and tragedies, there is none which compares with the 
conflicts and tragedies of the divided self, for while, 
in the conflict between individuals, it may.be a matter 
of life and death, in the conflict within the individual 
it is a matter of eternal life or eternal death. 

Who of my readers has not experienced this con- i 
flict? Wherever there is a conflict there must be at' 
least two conflicting parties. But you ask, " How is 
that possible? Two or more parties within the same 
personality?" I shall not attempt to explain the meta- 
physical possibility of such multiplicity, but shall con- 
tent myself by calling attention to the fact that where 
there is no division there can be no conflict, and that 
both experience and Scripture bear me out. Christ 
came across an individual in which the multiplicity 
had become " legion." I am not inclined to believe 
that such possession was confined to that time. Even 
now we meet those who behave as if possessed, but 
be that as it may, about the conflict in the individual 
soul there can be no question, and the most significant 
part about this conflict is, that there seems to be an 
interested third party related to the conflicting parties 
and vitally concerned in the outcome; and what makes 
it still more interesting, he may have power to de- 
termine the outcome of the conflict. 

The interested party is the self-conscious, free self ; 
and here, in order that you may understand, I must 



ask you to use a little introspection, — turn the at- 
tention inward, become conscious of what takes place 
in your own soul. Have you ever discovered a con- 
flict within, and yourself vitally affected by the out- 
come? 

The determination of the outcome of the conflict is 
possible because of the freedom and self-consciousness 
of this third party. The law is simple. It is the law 
of life everywhere. If I wish to develop a strong 
physical body there is only one way. I must meet the 
conditions of the law of a strong physical body. What 
are these conditions, but properly to feed and to ex- 
ercise the body? Food and exercise mean life and 
vigor. The law of food and the law of activity are 
the laws of life. Lack of food and inactivity every- 
where mean deterioration, emaciation, death. 

Now, the law of spiritual life is identical with the 
law of organic life, — food and exercise. That within 
the personality which is fed and exercised grows up 
and develops. Feed the good and exercise it, and it 
grows and develops. Feed the evil and exercise it, 
and it grows and develops. Our freedom makes it 
possible for us to determine which of the conflicting 
factors shall live; We may become what we really 
want to be. It is the simple law of food and exercise. 
It is not enough to feed. Feeding without exercise 
makes dyspeptics. Dyspeptics never feel good. They 
usually become knockers. If you are not making the 
spiritual growth which it is your privilege to make, it 
is because you are feeding in the wrong pasture, or 
because you are too lazy to work. Do not go about, 
whining and knocking and lamenting. You advertise 
yourself to a disadvantage. Every intelligent person 
knows what is the matter with you. You have either 
been feeding at the wrong crib, or you are lazy. Mark 
well what I have said ; Self-consciousness and free- 
dom give us power over our own destinies, and the 
law of life and food is exercise. In the last analysis 
we are what we want to be. "Oh! but," you say, 
" I want to be' good, but — !" But what? Well, plain- 
ly, you are not willing to pay the price. You have the 
price of your freedom and intelligence and squander 
it on a " mess of pottage." 

Responsibility is individual, personal. When I use 
this rather positive, dogmatic language, I am not un- 
mindful of the fact that this rule of freedom has its 
limitations, — limitations because of heredity, environ- 
ment, habit. The very possibility of a limited, for- 
feited freedom makes it all the more imperative that 
we should exercise along right lines the freedom that 
we have. It is the almost universality of the " divided ' 
self " which makes conversion a necessity. If there 
were but one " hot center," — centeV of activity, — and 
that the good, and all activities of the self in harmony 
with this center, there could be no such experience as 
conversion. There is an almost universal conscious- 
ness of incompleteness and imperfection, brooding 
depression and introspection, consciousness of sin and 
anxiety about the future, all because the self activities 
are divided. 

The struggle, away from sin, is one of inhibition 
of sinful activities, and a more or less conscious strain 
towards the ideal, which for the Christian is the 
Christ. The success of this struggle, which means no 
more consciously-willed evil feeling and activities, 
implies conversion, and is accompanied by that sanc- 
tion of conscience which results in feelings of com- 
placency. It is at this point, in the experience of 
personality, that the first sacrament, baptism, has its 
application. But before discussing baptism it will be 
well to study the law of suggestion. 

McPherson, Kam. 



If you hit the devil hard right between the eyes it 
is surprising how many respectable and influential 
people will resent the attack- on their friend. 



The Last Hour, — A Warning. 

BY RUFUS H. REED. 

Recently the writer witnessed a very unique bap- 
tismal scene. It was that of a man who was wasted 
with consumption. His wan face and weak frame 
bespoke much suffering. All could see that he had 
not long to stay on earth. In fact, the summons of 
death was then upon him. But he refused to obey 
that solemn call ; yea, his soul clung to its frail taber- 
nacle, and dared not go to the Great Beyond without a 
change. His soul was groping for light. He would 
not go till it was satisfied. Jesus Christ is the only 
One that can give comfort to the soul of such an one 
in the last hour. 

When the sick man had fully surrendered himself 
to the will of Christ, and had let him into his life, 
there was a smile of calm satisfaction on his face. 
He whispered, " I am satisfied now." Six hours 
later he passed away. 

Such incidents as this always set one to thinking. 
Why will people put off accepting their Savior till 
such a late hour? If Christ is the only One that can 
give comfort in the dying hour, and safely escort 
the soul through the vale of death, why not accept 
him when there is ample time? " Be ye also ready " 
is an imperative command. Christ will accept us at 
the eleventh hour, but by no means does he say to 
wait until then. " Now is the accepted time " (2 Cor 
6: 2). 

Oh, the glorious " now "! We live in the present. 
We should act in the present,— the living present. 
Tomorrow may be too late to accept Christ. " To- 
day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your heart " 
(Psa. 95: 7, 8). In fact, tomorrow never comes. It 
is always one day off.. " Trust no future, howe'er 
pleasant." One today is worth two tomorrows. It 
certainly is alarming how many people neglect the 
welfare of their souls. The Bible is full of warnings 
against so doing. No doubt the Spirit of God checks 
such people at times, but, remember, he says, " My 
spirit shall not always strive with man" (Gen. 6: 3). 
•It is enough to arouse all the forces of Christendom 
to see" the many souls daily going to Christless graves. 
Think of the millions of earth's population so dying, 
daily! Oh, should we not get more enthusiastic for 
souls? Brother, sister, have you done all you coitld 
the past year to help lost ones find Christ? Have I? 
If we haven't, let's make a new resolve for 1914. 
"Am I my brother's keeper?" I must be. 

Such an one as the sick man, above referred to, 
could not render much aid to the kingdom. But 
Christ wants all. " He is not willing that any should 
perish, -but that all should come to repentance " (2 
Peter 3:9). Dear sinner friend, will you not accept 
Christ today? Let not Satan persuade you to pro-' 
crastinate any longer. Christ needs you. He wants 
you. Oh, will you not accept him? 

Laura, Ky. 

Sunday-School Normal of Northwestern 
Ohio. 

BY MARY L. COOK. 
District Sunday-school Secretary. 

On Monday morning, Dec. 29, 1913, the members 
of Northwestern Ohio met in the Fostoria church 
for a two days' Sunday-school Institute. In the or- 
ganization Bro. J. W. Barnett was chosen as Moder- 
ator, and the writer, Secretary. Brethren Otho Wing- 
er and S. S. Blough, of North Manchester, Ind., were 
the instructors. 

Bro. BlougH's topics were along the line of Sun- 
day-school work, beginning with " Methods and Prin- 
ciples of Teaching," and closing with "Teacher's 
Lesson Preparation." Bro. Winger dwelt upon 
Church History, beginning with "The Apostolic 
Church," and closing his work with the " Country 
Church of Today." 

I here note a few of the principles of teaching given 
by Bro. Blough: (1) The primary object of teaching 
is culture rather than knowledge. (2) Exercise is 
the great law of culture. (3) Teachers should give 
careful attention to perceptive powers of the mind. 
(4) The teacher's aim is to furnish facts. (5) Mem- 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 24, 1914. 



S3 



orv operates by laws of association and suggestion. 
(6) Go from the concrete to the abstract. (7) Direct 
your teaching activities .to the nutrition of powers then 
most active. (8) Subject matter must be adapted, — 
quality rather than quantity. 

In " Lessons from 'the Great Teacher," Bro. Blough 
emphasized the " aim," " equipment " and " material " 
used by the Master Teacher. The aim: (a) To fit 
men to live in harmony with the will of God. (b) To 
live in harmony with God's power, (c) To. bring his 
life into perfection after God's plan or standard. 

Nine precepts were given to aid the teachers de- 
sirous to improve, viz.: (1) Love God. (2) Love 
your class. (3) Know the Bible. (4) Devotion. 
(5) Consecration to your calling. (6) Prayer 
life. (7) Holy Spirit infilling. (8) Much prepara- 
tion. (9) Practice. Possess the first eight of these, 
and God will see to it that, you get practice. 

"Christian Education" presented the need of a 
well rounded out education, where the soul receives 
equal attention with body and mind. There should 
be training in the home, in the Sunday-school, from 
the pulpit, in the public schools and in the college. 
" The Child Problem " was briefly discussed. 
" Liyle minds like little bodies need more care than 
larger ones." A plea was made for greater care in 
selecting primary teachers. 

"Future Possibilities of the Sunday-school " pre- 
sented the idea of organizing Sunday-schools in new 
territory as missionary enterprises. Later let there be 
preaching services, and then the erection of a build- 
ing. 

" Ideal Condition " suggested that every member be 
in the Sunday-school, on time, with his Bible and 
offering. Not a single teacher should teach from his 
quarterly, and not a single pupil recite from his quar- 
terly. The Bible should be the Sunday-school Book. 
Lesson preparation was emphasized, especially the 
importance of early preparation. Five " P's " were 
given for lesson study, viz., places, persons, parallel 
passages, precepts and purpose.; also five " W's," — the 
what, when, where, who and why of the lesson. 

Bro. Winger's work on " Church History " was the 
first of the kind ever given at our Sunday-school In- 
stitute in this District, and from the first held the 
interest of all present. He told us that " Acts of the 
Apostles " is the first church history ever written, alnd 
also the most authentic. 

FaitbfuUmen and women, ever since the Book of 
Acts was written, have been adding chapter after 
chapter, which will not be read until the books are 
opened. The world has never seen such missionaries 
as the early apostles. Had their zeal been kept up, 
the Gospel would have been carried to every part of 
the globe long ago. 

The " Great Church Councils," was introduced by 
a study of some of the anti-Nicene Fathers, — Cle- 
ment, Ignatius, Polycarp, Justin Martyr, Irenseus, 
Tatian, Clement of Alexandria, Origen, Tertullian 
and Cyprian. " The Seven Great Councils," and the 
questions they settled, was a subject new to many, 
yet extremely interesting. 

It was the effort of the great reformers to purge 
sin from the established church. Failing in this, they 
started new churches. Wycliffe, John Huss, Martin 
Luther, Zwingli, Calvin, Francke, Spener, Hoffman 
and Alexander Mack, were noted for their reforms. 
" History of the Brethren " was briefly reviewed, 
both as to the work in Germany and the early work 
in America. 

The other two periods of Bro. Winger's work were 
spent in discussing "The Country Life Movement" 
and "The Country Church." These two were found 
to be closely related, the former having a strong bear- 
ing upon the latter. " History of Missions " proves 
that a large per cent of missionaries come from the 
farm. Unfortunately, man)' country churches are 
being disorganized in different State Districts. An- 
other sad thing is that so many family" altars have 
fallen down. The home altar can wield an influence 
more lasting than any minister or Sunday-school 
teacher. The church needs country preachers, our 
beloved church was built up by country preachers, and 
I wish all of our preachers today were like some 



country preachers. A home-going preacher makes a 
church-going people. A missionary church will not 
die. You can not kill it. The country workers were 
urged to magnify their position and opportunities, 
while God's blessing was asked on Northwestern Ohio. 
On Monday evening Bro. Winger delivered a 
powerful sermon on "The Christian Church." Text. 
Matt. 16: 18. "The Church" was then discussed 
from various angles, together with her characteristics. 

1. A building representing the church (F.ph. 2: 20). 
Christ's building will never be outgrown. No part of 
it is nonessential. 

2. " The church as a body " ( 1 Cor. 121. All parts 
of the body arc needed. God lias given differenl 
talents to each. How line if each could find his place 
and fill it! Church trouble is often caused because 
some one wants a position for which he is not fitted. 

3. " The church as a bride" (Eph. 5). While ,i 
building represents organization, and the body makes 
us think of work, a bride is the emblem of chastity, 
purity and loyalty to her husband. The church is nol 
to open its doors and take in sin. but to insist upon 
purity. When you get organization, work, and purity 
combined, you have a strong church. 

An offering of nineteen dollars was taken,- to be 
used toward educating some worthy minister or mis- 
sionary. 

This Sunday-school Normal proved to be one of 
the best ever held in the District, and many are made 
to feel greater responsibilities. 

Nevada, Ohio. 



ture," and Jesus prayed, " Sanctify them in thy truth ; 
thy word is truth. ^ 
Hartford, Conn. 



ELD. DAVID DILLING. 



Visiting Sunday-Schtools. 

BY EZRA l-'LORY. 

One would hardly think that in visiting one of the 
Sunday-schools of world-wide fame, young men 
would be found near the school who know nothing 
about it. But such was the case recently, when visit- 
ing the Bushwick Avenue Sunday-school of Brooklyn, 
which is superintended by Frank L. Brown. When, 
four blocks away, a young man was asked for ils 
location, he did not know about the school. Again 
and again we asked, with almost similar response, 
When but one block away, and in plain view of the 
school, a young man, when asked, said, " I think thai 
is the place," pointing it out. 

I was wondering if they would be as ignorant about 
the location of a theater and, in fact, whether this 
school would be attended by many young men. It 
was, however, an agreeable disappointment to sec the 
building almost filled with all ages of both sexes, 
from two years upwards. 

Here, a little more than a decade ago, the superin- 
tendent, with some others, began to labor patiently 
in a mission. Now there is a large, well-equipped 
Sunday-school structure and church. I wondered 
what could hold these " teen " ages so well. A num- 
ber of factors enter in, but none is more fundamental 
than the following, which was suggested : It is the 
home influence back of the " teen " and back of the 
school, together with which the school has steadily, 
patiently and persistently grown up. 

Parents and Sunday-school workers, here is a sig- 
nificant suggestion for us. Back of the successful 
Sunday-school is the proper home life and encourage- 
ment as a base. 

In three other large schools, visited recently, I was 
pained at the neglect of Bible instruction. One super- 
intendent remarked, " The only thing we really have 
to boast of is our orchestra." In another, no Bible 
was seen in most of the classes of young men. and 
topics of the day were freely discussed. In another 
school the men's class was discussing sociology. In 
still another, able lectures are being given to the men 
on Mexico and South America. I trust that these 
latter schools are not typical of the Sunday-school 
method generally. A committee, not long since, found 
a very large number of the Sunday-schools of Chi- 
cago, in class work, teaching other matter than the 
Bible. 

I plead- for more instruction in the good old Book. 
As for us, let that be our mission. Chrysostom said, 
" The cause of all our sins is not knowing the Scrip- 



Eld. David, son of George B. and Margaret Dilling, was 
born in Blair County, Pa., Nov. 29. 1859, and died at his 
home in White County. Ind., Jan. 2, 1914. aged 54 years, 
1 month and 3 days. 

His mother died when he was only sixteen days old, and 
in his early infancy lie was cared for by a faithful aunt. 
When lie reached the age of five years, his father moved 
from Pennsylvania to Carroll County, Ind. He was united 
in marriage to Emma Wilson Dec. 30. 1880. To this 
union were horn four sons and two daughters. The wife 
and mother of this happy home was removed by the death 
angel March 25. 1897. His second marriage occurred 
Dec. 25, 1898, to Rosa Dilling, who proved a mother to 
the family of motherless children, and the years that meas- 
ured the journey of life together were experiences of joy 
and happiness. 

Bro, Dilling united with the Church of the Brethren 
thirty-five years ago. at the age of nineteen years. In 
1885 he was called to the ministry, and in 1S96 he was or- 
dained to the eldership. The next year lie was called to 
take charge of the Monticello ohurch. his home congrega- 
tion, which position he held until the time of his death. 

At this time he also had charge of two other local con- 
gregations. He was much interested in the welfare of the 
church in his State District Conferences. His seat was 
seldom vacant, and at our last Annual Conference, at Wi- 
nona Lake, Ind., he served the District as a member of the 
Standing Committee. 

He leaves a devoted wife, three sons, two daughters, 
eight half-brothers and six half-sisters, who are grief- 
stricken at his unexpected departure, hut how in submission 
to the will of the Master, humbly pleading, "Not my will 
hut thine he done." Services were held at the Monticello 
church, near his family home, by Eld. John Wright, of 
North Manchester, assisted by Eld. G. B. Hecter, of Bur- 
nettsville. 

Seldom has a man died in his county whose death left 
as great a blank in the daily life of the community in which 
he lived. He was unto his neighbors almost a patriarch, 
like unto those of olden time. Men went to him in their 
limes of trouble for consolation, and were never turned 
away without comfort. Advice was sought on investments. 
He was the kind parent of a large family. His good deeds 
will live long and flourish, though he be gone. 

Monticello. Ind., Jan. 7. J- L. Hibner. 



DES MOINES, IOWA. 



At our monthly members' meeting, on a recent evening, 
our Sisters' Aid Society was reorganized with the following 
officers: President, Mrs. Cora Brubakcr, 1527 Walker 
Street; Vice-president, Mrs. Nellie Crowe, 1816 Des 
Moines Street; Secretary-treasurer, Miss Lova Brubaker. 
620 E. Sixteenth Street; all of Des Moines. Aid Societies 
throughout the District will take note of this and when 
sending supplies for distribution in the city, forward to 
the president as above. 

We have had an unusually mild winter, so far, but calls 
for help arc frequent and insistent, as the mines arc run- 
ning less than half time, and some other employers of labor 
have greatly reduced their force. Thousands are said to 
be without employment now. 

The Sunday-school at Logan League Hall was favored 
with a splendid talk on the Philippines, last Sunday after- 
noon, the speaker being Mr. Isaac Dumagat, a converted 
Filipino, who is in Des Moines to secure an education. 

.During the year just closed three of our number passed 
over the river, but we rejoice in the' fact that thirty-three 
were born again during the same period. We begin the 
new year with 105 members, a splendid corps of workers 
in each Sunday-school and the loyal support of the mem- 
bership as a whole. Virgil C. Finnell. 

1335 East Sixteenth Street, Des Moines, Iowa. 



AMONG THE CHURCHES OF TENNESSEE. 

Dec. 18 I left mv home at Custer. Mich., for Johnson 
City Teiin.. at which place I arrived on Saturday noon, 
Dec 20 I was met by Eld. D. F. Bowman and taken to 
his home. We commenced meetings the same evening in 
the Kind, I reek rhlireh. one or the oldest churches in Ten- 
nessee Which was organized about 118 years ago. Here 
my father lived and here he labored in the ministry. Here 
is where I spent some of my boyhood days. It afforded 
us great pleasure to meet with the dear brethren and wor- 
ship with them. Most of them are our relatives. Our 
stay with them for two weeks has been an uplift to us, and 
we trust to them also. The interest has been good. One 
dear soul put on Christ in baptism. From here we go to 
Pleasant Hill, in Sullivan County, and then to New Hope, 
to break the Bread of Life to the people there. We see 
the need of more earnest gospel preaching, for sin is 
abounding everywhere, but "grace doth much more 
.... I. M. Lair 

abound. 

R. D. 2. Custer. Mich.. Tan 5. 



54 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 24, 1914. 



THE ROUND TABLE 



Sunday-School Institute of the First District 
of Virginia. 

BY L. C. COFF^AN. 

The first annual District Sunday-school Institute 
of the new First District of Virginia was held in the 
Valley cluirchhousc, Daleville, Va., Dec. 29 to 31. 
Bro. II. K, Ober, of Elizabethtown, Pa., was the 
leading factor in this meeting. Ill the first session 
Bro. Ober spoke very forcefully of Jesus as the Mas- 
ter Teacher. 

The second session brought into discussion topics 
related to methods of teaching', and some most excel- 
lent thoughts were given by Brethren H. K. Ober, D. 
N. Ellcr and Levi Garst, and Sisters Sara Dove and 
Matilda Qucllhorst. 

The lesson material was discussed in the third ses- 
sion, and the need of graded lessons and their peda- 
gogy were particularly emphasized by Brethren Ober, 
L. C. Coffrnan and J. S. Crumpacker. 

In the fourth session the organization of the Sun- 
day-school was considered. The various departments 
of the Sunday-school, such as the organized class, 
teacher-training class, home department, cradle roll, 
teachers' meetings, etc., were very ably treated by 
Brethren Ober, Allen Hoover, C. D. Hylton, Mrs. G. 
B. Kinzic and Sister Elsie Shickel. 

In the last session, " The Sunday-school at Work " 
was the theme. Under this topic the opening ex- 
ercises, the work of the superintendent, the teacher, 
the absent scholar, the Sunday-school as a factor in 
the development of true manhood and womanhood, 
were considered in a practical way by Brethren H. A. 
Shaver, C. E. Ellcr, H. K. Ober, and J. M. Henry. 

Our District and the Southern District are support- 
ing Sister Rebecca Wampler in the China Mission 
field. Sister C. W. Kinzie read an excellent paper 
concerning the importance of all Sunday-schools in 
our District doing, their part in supporting Sister 
Wampler. 

A Teachers' Conference, a discussion of the stand- 
ard of excellence of the General Board and its adop- 
tion by the District, and the report of the delegates, 
brought this meeting to a close. The spirit of the 
meeting was most excellent, and many valuable 
thoughts and suggestions were given, all of which, if 
put into use, will make the future Sunday-schools of 
the District of a still higher standard. 

Daleville, Va. 



Poor in Spirit. 

BY EZRA FLORY. 

Persons of what characteristic are referred to by 
Jesus in " Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is 
the kingdom of heaven " ? Poverty, which frequently 
is a curse, is not meant, nor does the Master refer to 
that trait which we sometimes designate as low-spirit- 
ed, — having low moral impulses. 

He that is poor in spirit is one who realizes his own 
insufficiency, especially in reference to sin. This trait 
is set at the very door of entrance into the Beatitudes. 
A significant example of this trait, set in contrast, may 
be found in the parable of the two men who went up 
to pray (Luke 18: 9-14) ; and again in the two sons 
(Luke 15). 

The warning that we " strive to enter by the narrow 
gate" may well apply here. The spirit of the age 
tends to stiffen against this very principle of intrinsic 
worth. We are so apt to parade our aspirations, our 
qualities, our victories, our achievements. 

But we arc surely not swift enough to receive the 
significance of this quality of deep spiritual worth. 
Isaiah called out, in the same note, " To this man will 
I look, even to him that is poor and of a contrite spirit, 
and that trembleth at my word " (Isa. 66: 2). 

The lack of this trait is seen and severely rebuked 
in the Laodicean church. That church was blindly 
saying, by her manner of life, " I am rich, and have 
gotten riches, and have need of nothing," while, at the 
same time, she was ignoring the true riches, contenting 
herself with being " wretched, and miserable, and pvor, 



and blind, and naked," keeping the long-refused, long- 
suffering Jesus at .the door, knocking for admission. 
Hartford, Conn. 

■ • ♦ ■ 

A Voice from the Southwest, 

BY LUCINDA STUTSMAN. 

March 13 a few members came to Elgin, Ariz^, and 
located on homesteads. In a few weeks we started a 
Sunday-school in our home, beginning in a room ten 
by twelve feet, until we could finish our house. As 
this was an entirely new country, no other place was 
available. We also had preaching each second and 
fourth Sundays of the month by Eld. Wm. Stutsman. 
We continued the services in our home for five 
months, by which time a schoolhouse was built in our 
immediate neighborhood, and the trustees invited us 
to hold our services there. Since that time (Sept. 
29, 1912) we have held our services there. 

We have had our discouraging times in the work, but 
we are still trying to sow the seed of the kingdom, 
hoping that at least some may, in time, take root and 
grow. Satan's main avenue Of work here is the dance, 
and his devotees labor earnestly for him. Our num- 
ber is small, but Jan. 4 we added three new scholars 
to our school. We are sending $5 from our little 
school to our District Sunday-school Secretary, to be 
used as needed in the work of the District. We are 
located forty miles southwest of Benson, Ariz., on 
a branch of the S. P. R. R., running from Benson 
(which is on the main line of the S. P.) to Nogales, 
Ariz. We would be very glad to have any ministers, 
traveling this way, to call on us. 

Elgin, Aria. • m m 

How Does It Feel to Do Less? 

BY M. M, ESHELMAN. 

On New Year's Day we realized what it means to 
be busy. Like many fellow-mortals, the forenoon 
was given to the social side of life among children. 
It was a joyful season, though short. In the after- 
noon the first duty and privilege was to help Bro. S. 
W. Funk to pray over and anoint with oil, Sister 
Anna Spidle in Glendora. For a long time she has 
been afflicted. God help her to have full trust in the 
Lord's power to restore, because he that can create 
can also mend. This anointing was followed by a 
love feast at the home of Sister Ridgeway who, at 
that time, was eighty years of age. 

Since coming home from the Oregon field we have 
been a little lonesome. While well, we held from four- 
teen to seventeen services a week. Now we hold only 
about one a weejv. It is easier to teach and preach 
from fourteen to twenty times a week and to visit a 
dozen families, as good measure for spiritual uplifts, 
than to preach once a week and visit a dozen families. 
True, some teaching is being done in the family of 
Bro. E. G. Zug, but even this is not satisfying to an 
enlarged sense of helpfulness, seeking more joys. If 
you have any hard work to do, write your needs to 
M. M. Eshelman, Tropico, Cal. 

Tropico, Cal. 



God's Strokes. 



nY IDA M. HELM. 

In ancient times the warrior was knighted by his 
monarch striking him a blow with his sword. Little 
did the knight care how hard was the stroke. " Whom 
the Lord loveth he chasteneth, and scourgeth every 
son whom he receiveth." We may wince under the 
strokes given by God, but if we could see the expres- 
sion of tender love, as the gracious Father gently 
strikes; and if we could realize that he is striving to 
lift us to a higher plane of living, to bring us nearer 
to his side, that we may feel his loving heart-throbs, 
we would rejoice when the strokes are given. 

Jacob must wrestle through the long night; his stub- 
born self-will must be broken, ere he can be called 
" Prince with God." Today God confers spiritual 
blessings on those who wrestle and strive for the bless- 
ings with which his hands are filled. Who would not 
gladly have this stubborn self-will shrunken and 
lamed, in order to be called " Prince with God"? 

Ashland, Ohio. 



Faith. 

BY H. U. CHRISTNER. 

It is written, " Now faith is the substance of things 
hoped for, the evidence of things not seen," " For by 
grace are ye saved through faith, and that not of your- 
selves, it is the gift of God." Having faith in God, the 
soul becomes more pure, the thoughts and intents of 
the heart more noble, and we get a keener vision of 
things not seen. They become more real. It leads up. 
to where the feelings of the soul treat them as real, 
and thus brings us nearer to God. " Watch ye, stand 
fast in the faith, quit you like men, be strong." " Lay 
hold on eternal life." " Till we all come in the unity 
of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of- God. 
unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature 
of the fullness of Christ." Those of us, therefore, 
who have put on Christ, must be active in our faith. 

Greenznllc, Ohio. 



Sunday-School Lesson for Feb. 1 . 

Jesus Teaching How to Pray.— Luke 11: 1-13. 

Golden Text.—" Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, 
and ye shall find; knock, and it shall be opened unto you." 
—Luke 11: 9. 

Time.— Probably about December, A. D. 29. 

Place. — Supposed to have been somewhere in Pcrca, as 
Jesus was journeying to Jerusalem. 



CHRISTIAN WORKERS' TOPIC 



u 



India. 

Read Col. 1: 24-29. 
For Sunday Evening, February 1, 1914. 

I. Recitation.— By a Sunday-school Scholar. 

II. Talk.— By a Sunday-school Scholar. Note.— Borrow 
a large map of Asia or India of a school, if you do not 
have one. Let the one who is to talk take store paper and 
draw large map of portion of India containing our mis- 
sions, and show the location of each., Follow map on 
page 148, "Thirty-three Years of Missions," by Galen B. 
Royer. 

III. Talk.— Why Does the Church of the Brethren Have 
Missions in India? 

IV. Short Biography of Our First Missionary to India, 
Wilbur B. Stover. 

V. Essay.— Brief History of Our Mission Work in India. 

VI. Topics for General Discussion.— (1) The Church's 
Obligation to Our Missionaries. (2) The Church's Obliga- 
tion to the Natives in India. (3) What Can the Church Do 
to 'Help the Work Most in India? 

Note. — The January number of the Missionary Visitor 
is all about India. Possibly you can use some of, its ma- 
terial in this program. 



PRAYER MEETING 



The Power of Prayer. 

Matt. 7: 7-11; James 4: 2. 
For Week Beginning February 1, 1914. 

1. Its Wonderful Spiritual Results. — When we study 
about the mighty power of prayer, we come in contact with 
the world's greatest spirits,— with Jesus, with Paul, in fact, 
with every devoted soul on down the ages to the present. 
It is the one common ground, where opposing forces can 
lay aside their differences to unite in a combined effort for 
the general good of all. To reach the true sphere of 
power, we must go from the circumference to the very cen- 
ter (Heb. 10: 22, 2-3; Rom. 8: 26; Philpp. 4: 6; Col. 4: 2; 
Heb. 4: 16). 

2. The Great Comfort of Prayer. — Man, in himself, is 
the loneliest being in the world. The wall of his sepa- 
rate personality shuts him off, as to his interior self, in 
an awful isolation from all the millions that surround him. 
And yet, this solitude is no mere accident of his being. 
It is an insulation from the outward, to secure the unin- 
terrupted play of his spiritual contacts. The devout soul 
has a perpetual, invisible companionship. It has a speech 
which it can not translate to its neighbor. In the glare 
of the day, in the hum of the crowd, in the silent watches 
of the night, it talks with the Unseen; it has converse 
with the Friend that never fails (James S: 16; Matt. 18; 
19, 20; Mark 11: 24; John 14: 13). 

3. Christ's Blessed Example. — The times and seasons of 
our Lord's especial prayers are well worthy of notice. 
Christ prayed (1) before a sacred ordinance (Luke 3: 21, 
22); (2) any unusually important business (Matt. 9: 38; 
Luke 6: 12); so do all true saints (Num. 10: 35; Ezra 8: 22. 
23); (3) any peculiar honor or enjoyment (Luke 9: 28, 29); 

(4) we should pray at any time of peculiar danger, for our- 
selves or our friends (Psa'. 109: 1-4; Luke 22: 31, 32); 

(5) approaching trouble or danger (Matt. 26: 36;, Luke 
22: 39-44); (6) Christ is still pleading for us (Rom. 8: 34). 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 24, 1914. 



55 



c 



HOME AND FAMILY 



Aspiration. 

BY C. J. COFFMAN. 
Ob! Lord, receive this soul that pleads, 
Look down in pity on its needs, 

Lord, I believe; 

Will thou receive? 
Oil ! Lord, receive this soul. 

To thec, a wanderer lost from home. 
To thec for saving grace I conic; 

Lord, hear me now,— 

Humbly I bow; 

Oh! Lord, receive this soul. 

Oh! Lord, the soul that knows thee not. 

Help me to teach his woeful lot, 

That such may be 

Won unto thec; 
Oh! Lord, receive this soul! 
Edgewater, Colo. 



Homeless Ones. 

BY DR. S. B. MILLER. 

The Cripple. 
" Who is the future coming man? 
And for whom do wc dream and plan? 
Home is but a dreary spot, 
A desert on the plains of life, 
Unless there dwells a tiny tot 
To cheer us through our daily strife, — 
The Baby." 
Many and long had been the consultations of James 
Brown and his loving companion. The years of mar- 
ried life had come and gone, and still the home heard 
no childish prattle. 

At last a definite agreement was made, and a trip to 
the city and a visit to the Home of the Friendless 
agreed upon. Correspondence with the matron had 
assured them of a little girl, such as they felt sure they 
desired. The home had been properly prepared. Dolls 
and baby trinkets of their own childhood had been un- 
earthed and brought, ready for use of childish hands. 
A high chair, secured for the occasion, stood between 
the two chairs accustomed to face the table. The little 
bed and its furnishings, the tiny slippers and gown, the 
dresses needful, and accompaniments, all prepared 
with tenderest love, — the nest was ready for the coin- 
ing on the morrow of a bubbling voice and the patter 
of infant feet. 

When all was ready, dear mother heart was over- 
flowed, and in sheer gladness of expectancy Mary 
Brown knelt by the little bed and cried for joy. 

The trip to.the city was full of anticipations. The 
wife was sure she would love her on sight. But if, — 
Jim, — dear Jim, — should show displeasure, — what 
should she do? 

The matron's assistant met them at the doonand 
ushered them into the waiting room. A well-dressed 
elderly woman, with a pleasant face and quiet voice, 
was engaged in conversation with the matron. Mrs. 
Brown heard the lady say, "My heart is set on Sylvia. 
I felt she was mine the moment I saw hej\ I am so 
sorry some one else wants her, but I must have her." 
A sickening fear clutched Mary's heart and a silence 
like a sacrament filled the room. 

The matron had sent for the child, and her coming 
was awaited in suspense. But her coming was inter- 
rupted by the heavy step of a policeman, as he entered 
the room with a timid boy clutching his trousers in a 
terrified grasp, as he tried to walk, dragging a withered 
foot. 

" Excuse me," said the policeman, " but I've got an- 
other boy for you. Father died yesterday, — starvation, 
I guess, and the kid isn't very far from the same end. 
Here's the papers we found. Seems like the mother 
died a few years ago, and the father, who had been a 
preacher, just stayed at home with the baby. Guess 
he's about five. Here's a receipt where he pawned his 
books to get something to feed the kid." 

For a moment the child raised his face in apprehen- 
sion of the strangers about him. In his eyes were 
dazed mystery, yearning, and unshed tears. In a mo- 
ment more the officer led him across the hall to another 
room, with a clampety-clamp of the clatter of the brace 



on the little boy's lame leg, as he passed from their 
sight. 

Then Sylvia came into the room, skipping in all the 
joy of freedom and possibility of getting a home and 
parents. Every expectation on the part of James and 
Mary seemed to be realized in the beautiful face and 
golden curls of a healthy child, and yet,— and yet, — 
Mary said the matron, " May we wait until tomorrow 
to decide?" The request was granted, and as they 
left the Home, Mary heard a chuupelv-danip of crip- 
pled foot adown the hallway. 

Home again they went, in silence and meditation. 
The home seemed a deserted place. Oh, how empty 
every room! How silent! Why had it not been felt 
before just so? 

Into the bedroom went Mary, and bowing again by 
the little bed, she wept and prayed. Why hadn't she 
brought Sylvia? Didn't she love her and want her? 
Oh, yes, indeed! But a hungry look of a crippled boy 
haunted her memory. She had always been so sensi- 
tive about deformities of any kind. She couldn't have 
a lame child to dress and care for, and have around all 
the time, — she couldn't do it ! It wouldn't he fair to 
Jim. He had already spoken of Sylvia coming run- 
ning to meet him, — this boy could never thus run and 
play! 

Night came, and as customary they bowed at the 
family altar, — but neither could find voice to pray. In 
the quiet hours of night appeared a vision of a tousled 
head and she wondered if he was well-covered in bed. 
Had anybody kissed him good-night? Had lie cried 
himself to sleep? 

Poor baby! What a pitiful pathway those feet must 
travel! A moan broke from her lips as she agonized 
in prayer. Fler husband threw his arms around her 
as she sobbed her request: " O Jim. would you mind 
very much if we took the lame boy instead of Sylvia? " 

"You dear girl, I knew your heart of gold would 
win, but I didn't want to influence you; hut, dear, I 
want the lame boy, too." 

***** 

The years have come and gone. < Iiey hairs and 
contented lives have come to James and Mary Brown. 
The old stone church has been crowded night after 
night to hear the simple story of the cross, told with 
power and feeling. The closing service has come, 
The invitation to yield their lives of sin to a soul- 
cleansing Savior has once more been given. The Spir- 
it rests in power on the audience as, one by one, they 
come to the altar. The minister steps from the pulpit 
to receive by the right hand in fellowship those whom 
the Spirit has sealed, but the clampety-clamp of a lame 
foot is heard as he leaves the pulpit. The mantle of 
a worthy father and the training of loving hands have 
come to a worthy son, and the labor of years has 
brought a full reward. 

Cedar Raf>id.s, Iowa. 



SISTERS' AID SOCIETIES 



ADRIAN, MO.— During the quarter ending Jan. 1. 1914, wo 
held six all-day and five half-day meetings, with an average 
attendance* of nine, plus. Three comforters were made, twen- 
ty-elght new garments, and six garment* made over. Eleven 
new garments, seven secondhand garments, and one pair of 
shoes were sent to Kansas City, Mo. The rest w<ro donated 
here, Amount on hand at the beginning of the year was $3.58; 
amount received, (8-90; paid nut $6.12. leaving $6.06 In the 
treasury. — Cora Hope, Secretary, Adrian. Mo., Jan. 5. 

APPANOOSE, KANS. — During the year ending Dec. 17, 
1913, we held twelve meetings, with an average altendance 
of eleven. We received $58.80. This includes free-will and 
birthday offerings and four sale dinners. Three donations 
were made to the Kansas City Mission, consisting of cloth- 
ing, two comforters and one quilt. We also gave a box of 
provisions for a Christmas dinner for the poor. Wo paid $20 
for the support of an orphan In India, $5 to the Boys' School 
in China, and $12 to other mission work. The following offi- 
cers were elected for another year: Sister Catharine Michael, 
President; Sister Martha FIshburn, Vice-president; Sister 
Sarah Flora, Superintendent, and Sister Lizzie Flora, Secre- 
tary-treasurer. — Edna Heckman, Overbrook. Kans., Jan. 9. 

BBIDOEWATZB, VA. — During 1913 our enrollment was 
thirty-five. We held twelve meetings, with an average at- 
tendance of eighteen. We quilted one quilt, pieced six com- 
forter-tops, made four garments, nine bonnets and 133 prayer- 
coverings. About twenty-two of the prayer-coverings were 
given away. We had a balance of $2.14 from last year; re- 
ceived from sales of articles, donations, birthday and freC-wllt 
offerings, $165.29; amount paid out for a new church, $25; for 
a native worker, $50; for flood sufferers, $10.50; for the Or- 
phans' Home at Tlmberville. $15.50; to the general Aid So- 
ciety Secretary, 25 cents; to the poor at home, $10.31. and for 
goods $45.55, leaving a balance of $10.32 in the treasury. Our 
society gave ten chickens to a sister, and sent a box of cloth- 
ing to the Orphans' Home. Officers elected for 1914 are as 
follows: Sister W. S. Flory, President; Sister S. L. Bowman, 
Vice-president; Sister Ida Fry, Treasurer; Sisters O. S. Miller 
and Stella Miller, Choristers; 'the writer. Secretary.— Lizzie 
S. Thomas. Brldgewater, Va.. Jan. 12. 



CERRO GORDO, IIV&.— During 1913 we held forty-eight 
meeMngs, with an average attendance of eight. We quilted 
nine quilts and made a number of new garments. We. sent 
clothing to the Decatur Mission, valued at $27.80. Total 
amount received during the year was $85.20. donated $42 to 
Bethany Bible School. $20 for the support of an orphan, and 
$12 to the Child Rescue work in Oklahoma. The following 
officers were elected for 1914: Sister Sadie Eshelman, Presi- 
dent; Sister Cora Shlvely, Vice-president; the writer, Secre- 
tary-treasurer. — Emma Peterson, Cerro G-ordo, III., Jan. 12. 
CLOVER CREEK, PA.— Our Aid Society reorganized March 
10, 1913. with an enrollment of twenty-two members. We had 
seven whole-day meetings, and" twenty-four half-day meet- 
ings, with an average attendance of nine. General cash col- 
let -II. uis, $ir,.2fi, Cash donations, $5.50. During the year we 
received $59.46; expended $28.33. Balance in treasury $31.13. 
The following articles were made: One embroidered center- 
piece, tWenty-two bonnets, twenty-six aprons, seven dust-caps, 
iiin, prayer-coverings, live pieces of neck wear, four quilts, 
live comforters, and four clothes-pin aprons. The following 
articles were donated to the society. One apron, twenty-live 
■ liillt patches, two pairs of shears, three spools of thread, two 
papers of needles, one tape mensure, one paper of pins, one 
roll of cotton batting, one work-basket, and a sewing-table. 
The society bought window shades for the Clover Creek 
church nt a cost of $10,99. A chair and rug wore also donated 
to the church by the society. The officers were: Sister Ida 
Hilling. President; Sister Sarah Baker, Vice-president; the 
Writer, Secretary; Sister Susie B. Baker, Assistant Secretary; 
Sister Iva Brumbaugh, Treasurer. — Mary E, Burget, Clover 
Creek, Pa., Dec. 31. 

DONNELS CREEK, OHIO. — We mot at the home of Slste*- 
Mary Roof (our regular placo of meeting) Jan. 7, and reor- 
ganized. Slater Minnie Smith was elected President; Sister 
Mary Roof, Vice-president; Sister Elsie Wlnget, Treasurer, 
and tho writer, Secretary. Wo held sixteen all-day meetings, 
with an averago attendance of eight, March 31 we sent a 
box of clothing to tho flood sufferers at Dayton, Ohio. Dec. 
,3 we Bent a box to East Dayton. Ohio, containing children's 
clothing nnd two comforters, valued at $17. We also sent $12 
to buy shoes and other clothing. We helped to furnish a 
room at Bethany Bible School. Wo received $36.22; balance 
from last year, $1.92; amount spent, $33.14, and we have $5 
in th,- treasury at tho present time.— Ruth Dresher, R. D. 2, 
Springfield, Ohio, Jan. 11. 

EEL RIVER, IND.— During the past six months we held 
six meetings, with an average attendance of thirty-three, 
Liberal donations were gtven at these meetings, the follow- 
ing helng n list of them: Fifty-seven yards of calico, thirty 
spools of thread, twenty-five and throe-fourths yards of 
gingham, seventeen and three-fourths yards of outing, four- 
teen yards of comforter goods, fourteen dozen buttons, ten 
yards of shirting, eight quilt-hats, six rolls of patches, five 
yards of muslin, five papers of needles, four ready-made gar- 
ments, four comforter-tops, three papers of pins, three papers 
of darning needles, three yards of lace, muslin for ttiree 
slicilH, two men's undershirts, two spools of silk, two skeins 
of yarn, tubing for two pair of pillow-cases, two second-hand' 
garments, two quilt-tops, two baskets, one dozen crayons, 
one roady-mado sheet, some pieced quilt patches, patterns, 
quilt markers, and a secretary book. Wc finished thirty gar- 
ments, seven comforters, four pair of pillow-cases, three 
Sheets and two quilts. We refurnished our room at the Man- 
chester College, giving a rug, one comforter, two pair of pil- 
low-cases, and four sheets for this purpose. Dec. 27 wc sent 
ii box Of goods to tho Mexico Orphans' Home, which con- 
tained three comforters and thirty-four other articles, con- 
sisting of garments, pillow-cases, otc. We gave a free-will 
offering of $15 for the purpose of helping to paint the chinch 
walls. Our other free-will offerings amounted to $18.13. We 
Bold one quilt, one comforter and two garments amounting to 
$G.70, making a total of $23.83 In the treasury. We paid $1.95 
for a rug, $3.58 for outing. $3 for cotton, 96 cents for yarn, 
and 60 cents for calico, making tho total expenditures $9.99, 
and leaving a balance of $13.84 in the treasury. Jan. 7 our 
society was reorganized, with Sister Esther Freed. President; 
Sis tor Sarah Frldle, Vice-president: Sister Lizzie Ulrey, Su- 
perintendent nnd Treasurer, and the writer Secretary. — Anna 
C. Ulrey, Sidney, Ind., Jan. 10. 

elk BUN, VA. — We reorganized our society for 1914 with 
the following Officers: Sister Katie Showalter, President; Sis- 
ter Eliza Zimmerman, Vice-president; the writer, Secretary; 
Sister Gertie Zlgior, Treasurer; Sister Minnie Huffman, Chor- 
ister; Sisters Anna J. Zigler and Minnie Huffman. Lookout 
Committee. During the year we met In twelve regular meet- 
ings and three called meetings. Our enrollment was twenty- 
four, with an average attendance, of ten. Our work consists 
principally of making comforters, prayer-coverings and bon- 
nets. The total amount received was $129.82; total amount 
paid out, $107,17. leaving $22.11 on hand. — Ada Huffman. 
Churchvllle, Va.^Jan. 12. 

FAIRFAX, VA. — During 1913 we held twelve regular meet- 
ings, two all-day called meetings, one half-day called meet- 
ing, with a total attendance of 136, and an average attend- 
ance of nine. During the year there were forty visitors pres- 
ent. Our average attendance is small, owing to the fact that 
some of our members have small children, and others w.ho 
live at a distance have no way to get to the meetings. 
They pay their dues, do work at home, and come when they 
can. We have twenty-six members enrolled. Our work con- 
sists of making comforters, tablespreads, aprons, and other 
small articles. We donated one comforter to a family of 
colored people, who had a loss by Are. A box, containing 
eighteen pairs of Christmas stockings, was sent to Greene 
County. Clothing and money amounting to $9.18 were sent 
to Sister Lucy Knight fa cripple) and her aged father and 
mother In Greene County. We also donated $5 to a brother 
who lost his house, $G to the Dransvilie church, $1 to the 
Ohio sufferers, etc., making a total of $23.18 paid out for 
charity. We also paid $18.19 for material, and $1.78 for other 
expenses, such as car fare, postage, expense of washing 
church tablecloths, etc. This makes a total of $46.15 paid 
out We received $18.15 by collections, $1.85 by donations, 
$26.40 for goods sold, $7.61 on hand from last year's treasury, 
making a total of $64.57 received, with $7.91 on hand at the 
close of the year. We reorganized for the year, with Sister 
Mertle Wright as President; Sister Mamie Miller, Vice-presi- 
dent; Sister Bertha Bowman, Secretary-treasurer; Sister Sal- 
lie Brenneman, Assistant Secretary-treasurer. — Bertha Bow- 
man. Secretary-treasurer, Oakton, Va., Jan. 8. 

POST OBI A, OHIO.— During 1913 we had eighteen members 
enrolled, and held twenty-five all-day meetings, with an aver- 
age attendance of seven. The articles made and sold were. 
forty-seven aprons, eight dust-caps, twelve qdilts, and two 
comforters. We sent a box of bed clothing and other articles, 
valued at $10, to the mission in Marion. We donated $20 to 
our former pastor, and bought $6 worth of kitchen utensils 
for the church. The amount of money received for work 
done was $38.95; donations, $2; expenses, $15.95, leaving a bal- 
ance of $5.50 In the treasury. We have $12.28 birthday money, 
which we will apply on our church debt. On New Year's Day 
we met for work and to reorganize. Sister Nancy Wit more 
was chosen President; Sister Lydia Dickey, Assistant; the 
writer. Secretary-treasurer. One of our Sunday-school class- 
es of girls did some very efficient work. They made and sold 
eighty dust-caps and seventy-five aprons. Sister Fannie In- 
gle, their class teacher, organized them and helped with the 
sewing, and they made the sales. They also purchased carpet 
for the church to the amount of $28,33. and also donated flow- 
ers costing $1.25. — Ella Sellers. Fostoria, Ohio. Jan. 7. 
(Concluded on Page 62.) 



56 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 24, 1914. 



The Gospel Messenger 

Official Organ of th« Charon of the Brethren. 

A Religious Weekly 

PUBLISHED BY 

Brethren Publishing House 

publishing agent general mission board. 

16 to 2i South Statu Street, Elgin, Illinois. 
SUBSCRIPTION . $1.50 PER ANNUM, IN ADVANCE 

XDITOM. 

Editor, D. L. Miller. 

Office Editor, J. H. Moore. 

Assistant, L A Plate. 

Oorrespontlnf K41to». 

H. B. Brumbaugh Huntingdon, Pa. 

H. C. Early Perm Laird, Va. 

Grant Mahan Omaja, Cuba. 

Business Manager, R. E. Arnold. 

Advleory Committee. 
S. N. McCann, G. W. Lentz, P. R. Keltner. 

tWAH buslnew and communications Intended for the paper should 
be addressed to the BRETHREN PUBLISHING HOUSE, ELGIN, ILL., 
and not to any Individual connected with it. 

Entered at the Post Office at Elicin, 111., an Second-class Matter. 

Is yours ;i missionary Sunday-school? If not, why 
not? 

Bro. Ezra Flory, of Chicago, is spending a few 
months in the School of Religious Pedagogy 'at 
Hosmer Hall, Hartford, Conn. 

At this writing (forenoon of Jan. 20) Bro. Jos. 
Amick is in a critical condition, though a turn for 
the heller. is still anxiously hoped for. 

Bro. J. G. Royer is hooked to begin a scries of 
meetings in the Brooklyn mission church, N. Y., on 
Sunday morning, Jan. 25, to continue two weeks. 

We are requested to announce Bro. J. F. Burton's 
change of address from Ankeny, Iowa, to Greene, 
same State, at which place lie has taken pastoral 
charge. — 

Bro. William H. Miller, of Hanover, Pa., was 
with the members of the Conewago church, same 
State, in a recent series of meetings. Seven decided 
for Christ. 

During Bro. Peter Stuckman's refreshing revival, 
in the Camp Creek church, Ind., five dedicated them- 
selves to the 'Lord's service. Others are much im- 
pressed. 

Since Nov. 1, a total of seventeen members, — not 
reported heretofore, — have been added to the Ottum- 
wa, Iowa, congregatjon, in response to appeals by the 
home ministers. 

Bro. J. F. Appleman is in the midst of a most re- 
freshing series of meetings in the Pyrmont church, 
Southern Indiana. So far seven have made the good 
choice and others are very near the fold. 

A very complete write-up of the dedication of the 
new church at Champaign, HI., has been received, but, 
owing to 'a lack of space in our correspondence de- 
partment, can not appear until next issue. 

Bro. Samuel Montis, an'aged minister of Fred- 
ericktown, Ohio, passed to his reward at Mt. Vernon, 
same State, Jan. 11, aged upwards of eighty-three 
years. He was in the ministry for more than fifty- 
five years. 

We are in receipt of a biographical sketch of Bro. 
Leonard Hyer, who died Dec. 22, 1913. He was a 
faithful elder, and, until March 6, 1913, in charge of 
the Lower Miami congregation, Ohio. The sketch 
will appear in our next issue. 

Bro. B. Rhoads, Newville, X. Dak., desires m learn 
I lie -names of the live families of members from < )kla- 
homa, referred to in Messenger of Oct. 25 as having 
arrived in Lewistown, Mont., with a view of spending 
the winter at that place, and settling on their claims 
in Dawson County in the spring. 

I\' No. 3 of kro. H. J. HarnKA excellent series, 
" Thoughts on the Sacraments," as published in last 
week's issue, the subhead, " On the Nature of the 
Human Personality," was inadvertently omitted. 
Those who arc preserving their papers will pjease 
turn to the article and insert the missing suhhead. 



The final report of Bro. J. Fdwin Jarboe's meet- 
ings in the Swan Creek church, Ohio, indicates that 
fifteen have made the good choice, twelve of whom 
have so far been baptized. The others will receive 
tile initiatory rite in the near future. 



Sister W. D. Keller, General President of our 
Sisters' Aid Societies, sends us a communication of 
value to all engaged in that work. We regret that it 
reached us too late to be inserted in this issue, but we 
shall take pleasure in publishing it next week. 



Have you ever been at a prayer meeting when but 
few were there ? Yes, the weather was bad, and there 
was an excuse for those who were absent. And yet, 
somehow, you greatly enjoyed the meeting and didn't 
mind the wearisome walk through rain or snow. The 
Lord bestowed his blessing on the few who had 
gathered. They did not come in vain. 



Nine were added to the Middletown Valley church, 
Md., during Bro. Isaac FranU's recent meetings. It 
is said that the people in general were stirred up to 
reading their Bibles as never before. Such an effect 
is always indicative of earnest gospel preaching. 

Just before going to press we received a telegram 
announcing the death of Bro. T. C. Denton, of Dale- 
\ille, Ya., well known throughout the Brotherhood. 
1 Ic went to his reward Jan. IS, heart failure being the 
cause of his sudden departure. A more extended 
notice will be given of his life and labors in a future 
issue. \ 

The Blissville congregation, Ind., enjoyed a very 
successful series of meetings recently, conducted by 
Eld. George Swihart. Fifteen yielded to the gentle 
wooings of the Spirit, and entered the baptismal 
waters. Two others are still awaiting the adminis- 
tration 1 of the sacred rite. More are under deep con- 
viction. 

We are requested to call special attention to the 
annual Bible Institute of Blue Ridge College, Md., 
which will open Jan. 31, at 10 A. M., and will con- 
tinue until Feb. 8. The daily instruction will cover 
but five days, with six periods each day. Bro. Wm. 
Howe, Sister Anna Snader, and Bro. H. R. Garner 
will be in charge of the work. See program on last 
page. 

With No. 9 of Bro, H. C. Early's series* to ap- 
pear in our next issue, the articles on China will be 
finished. We are sure that we express the sentiment 
of our readers, in thanking our brother for his very 
interesting write-up of the Chinese mission field and 
things connected therewith. The next article, No. 10, 
deals with his trip from China to India, and this also 
will be read with unusual interest. t ' 



A consecrated layman in one of the eastern 
churches has given $4,000 to his home congregation, 
directing that the interest of that sum be devoted 
towards preaching the Gospel within the limits of that 
field. The wisdom of the aged brother is to be com- 
mended, and it is to be hoped that many other mem- 
bers of means will ■ see the importance of similarly 
consecrating a portion of their possessions to the 
Lord's work. 

Has your Sunday-school decided upon some form 
of missionary activity, to arouse interest in the work, 
and to cultivate the grace of cheerful giving? If not, 
it has missed one of the greatest, factors in the at- 
tainment of its real aim and purpose. A. Sunday- 
school must needs be missionary, or it will fail to reach 
the highest degree of spiritual growth, and fall short 
of its highest efficiency in the world-wide extension of 
the Kingdom. 

TftE excavation for the new church in Carlisle, 
Pa., having been completed, the erection of the struc- 
ture will now be pushed through to an early com- 
pletion. The house is to be most substantially built, 
the best of brick and other materials being employed 
in its construction. The needs of the Sundav-schnnl 
as well as of the church, are fully to he looked after,- - 
a point thai, at times, is almost lost sighlof in planning 
our church buildings. 

• 'In answer to a correspondent, seeking information 
on the subject, we state that if a church official loses 
his wife, and marries again, it is the rule that the 
second wife, if a sister, be received by, the church as 
the wife and helpmate of the official in question. She 
should receive the regular instructions for the wives 
of officials, and be required to make the usual promise, 
respecting loyalty to the church and her principles, as 
a faithful assistant to her husband in his official work. 



Much may be done by members at isolated points 
to create a salutary influence on behalf of the church 
at the very start. If they honor their profession by 
a chaste walk and conversation, and let thejr light so 
shine that all may behold its radiance, there is bound 
to be a favorable impression created throughout* the 
community. A lack of care along this line has occa- 
sionally, in times past, seriousfy militated against our 
success at new points. 

Bro. S. R. Zug, of Palmyra, Pa., writes us of one 
omission in the list of Annual Meetings, found in the 
Brethren Almanac for 1914. He refers to the Con- 
ference of 1763, which, he says, was held in Lancaster 
County, Pa., May 27 and 28, and attended by Brethren 
Jacob Mohr, Alexander Mack, Jr., Christopher Sower, 
Jr., Martin Urner, and others, from various parts of 
the Brotherhood. Those having the Almanac can turn 
to page 32, and note this addition to the list of Con- 
ferences. 

Since our reminder of some weeks ago, we note 
that several congregations have sent their discarded 
picture rolls and lesson picture cards to the various 
mission stations, — places where they are greatly ap- 
preciated. By turning to the 1914 Almanac, the cor- 
rect address of our various foreign and home work- 
ers may be ascertained. Direct your package properly, 
make sure that the full amount of postage is affixed, 
and send your donation with a prayer that God may 
bless it to the good of manv souls. 



Bro. J. E. Miller, President of Mt. Morris Col- 
lege, 111., who has been chosen to represent Northern 
Illinois and Wisconsin on the Standing Committee of 
the next Conference, is planning quite a trip for next 
summer. .Leaving Illinois about June 1, on his jour- 
ney to Seattle, accompanied by his. wife, he expects 
to visit various points of interest en route. After the 
Conference he is to spend a few weeks at Sunnyside, 
Wash., and then to proceed to California. He ex- 
pects to return to Mt. Morris about Sept. 1. 



This week we are giving considerable space, — more 
■than an entire page in all, — to the reports of Sisters' 
Aid Societies. While this is a larger allotment of 
space than ever given before in any one issue, we are 
sure that the reports will not only be read with in- 
terest, but that they will inspire our sisters to still 
greater efforts. At places where no Aid Society has 
ever been started, or where it has become inactive, the 
good results attained elsewhere should serve as an 
incentive to real efficiency in this most commendable 
work. 

Bro. J. M. Blough, under date of Dec. 26, sends 
us the following: "We had a very fine Christmas, — 
just cool enough to remind one of winter. We had 
Christmas exercises in both English and Gujerati. 
Sister Shtnhaker had over 150 in her special exercises 
for the primary department in Sunday-school. At 
noon, yesterday, Bro. Galen B. Royer came in and 
surprised us. He is well. We rejoiced to have him 
with us on Christmas. Bro. Early remained in Bom- 
bay, but we expect him here tomorrow. All are in 
fairly good health now ; no serious illness at present." 

We are in receipt of the program of the Sunday- 
school and Bible Institute of Middle Iowa, to be held 
Jan. 26, 27, 28 and 29, at the Brethren church near 
Tvobins, Iowa. Bro. James M. Moore, of Chicago, 
Mr. W. D. Stem, of Des Moines, Iowa, General 
Secretary of the Towa Sunday School Association, 
Sister Eva Lichty, of Waterloo, Iowa, and Bro. Virgil 
C. Finnell, Des Moines, Iowa, Chairman of the Dis- 
trict Sunday School Board, are in charge of the work. 
We give the program on page 61. Additional In- 
stitutes, to reach other sections of the District, are 
to be held at Brooklyn, Tan. 20 to 22." and at Beaver, 
Jnri. 23 to 25. 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 24, 1914. 



57 



Sister Mary N. Quinter. 

The wires, over the land and under the sea, brought 
from India to Elgin, on the 14th inst., the inexpress- 
ibly sad news that another of our faithful mission- 
aries had crossed the silent river. The sad message 
read as follows: 

" Sister Mary N. Quinter died today in hospital. Funer- 
al services Thursday. Convey information to all con- 
cerned. (Signed) Galen B. Royer." 

We had known that our dear sister was suffering 
and that a surgical operation was imminent, but we 
had all hoped and prayed that the operation might 
prove successful and that she be spared many years, 
to carry forward the work she loved so, well and for 
which she was ready and willing to give her life. 
But the Lord, in his wisdom, has called her home to 
the higher and belter life where she may rest in joy 
and peace. 

Sister Mary N. Quinter, daughter of Elder James 
and Sister Fannie Quinter, was born near New 
Vienna, Ohio, Jan. 21, 1863, and died at Bombay, 
India, Tan. 14, 1914, in her fifty-first year. She en- 
joyed the advantages of a good Christian home and 
at the early age of thirteen was led to accept Christ 
as her Savior and united with the Church of the 
Brethren. In 1S77 she became a student in Juniata 
College and graduated in the English Normal course 
in 1883. She also attended Swarthmore College, near 
Philadelphia, and taught school for several years in 
Pennsylvania and New Jersey. She wrote and pub- 
lished the life of Elder James Quinter, her father, 
a book that has had a large sale and is highly prized 
by all who have read it. 

In 1895 she was elected Librarian of Juniata Col- 
lege, which position she filled with marked ability 
until 1902, when she answered a call to take up mis- 
sion work in the city of Chicago. This led her into 
the work which she later did so well, for in 1903 she 
was appointed by the General Mission Board, and 
confirmed by Conference, to go to the India mission 
field. 

After reaching the field of her labors, she at once 
entered upon the study of the language, and assisted 
in caring for the orphans. She was successful in both, 
and made herself felt as a power for good in the 
field. It was the writer's privilege to spend a con- 
siderable time in India, and to know Sister Quinter 
intimately in her work. She was a woman of fine, 
Christian character, spiritually minded and honest in 
all her doings. She had high ideals and strove to live 
up to them. She was intensely interested in all that 
concerned the prosperity and success of our mission 
work. Her heart was in her work and she gave her 
best service, unselfishly, to the cause she loved so 
well. She loved the brown boys and girls and the 
men and women among whom she labored, and to 
them she gave the full strength of her service without 
stint, — possibly even beyond her strength. And over 
them she had a strong influence, for no people in the 
world are so quick to discern real love and unselfish 
service. And as these lines are written, there will 
be many weeping eyes and sad hearts among her peo- 
ple whom she loved so well and for whom she labored. 
Their tears will unite with those of her fellow-work- 
ers and with ours, on this side the broad ocean. Sick 
as she was, she had no thought of abandoning the 
field and her life-work. When she gave herself to 
the work, she enlisted for life. With, her it was not 
for a few years, to go and come, but for all the years 
the Lord had in store for her, to labor that the Gospel 
light might shine in the darkened heathen lands. Of 
her it may well be said, that she was faithful unto 
death and the Lord has given her a crown of life. 

Three years ago she spent her first, well-earned 
vacation at home. She very much enjoyed meeting 
the loved ones who so anxiously awaited her coming. 
She spent some time visiting among the churches, and 
received a glad welcome wherever she went. Her 
messages to the churches were delivered in such earn- 
est and forceful words, coming warm from her heart 
with settled convictions of right, that they touched 
the hearts of the large audiences before whom she 
spoke. While she very much enjoyed her vacation, 
she often expressed her desire to return again to 



her field of labor and said she was anxious to be with 
her people again. 

But her work is done, and to us is left the rich 
heritage of her example. In a beautiful cemetery at 
Bulsar, — a spot where wife and I had requested that 
we might be entombed, if the call should come to us in 
India, — her body will rest until the resurrection morn- 
*ing and she will come forth with the saints of God. 

" Servant of God, well done! 

Rest from thy loved employ; 
. Thy battle fought, the victory won, 

Enter thy Master's joy. 

" The pains of death arc past, 
Labor and sorrow cease; 
And life's long warfare closed at last, 
Her soul is found in peace." 

Her fellow-laborers in India will miss her kind 
ministration, her loving, helpful service, but the Lord 
will raise up others to take the places of those who 
fall on the battle-line. You sorrow not without hope, 
for you know_ that her life has been the life of the 
righteous, and she could die the death of the righteous. 
You have her example of devotion to the cause she 
espoused and while you are laboring earnestly, this 
will be helpful to you. 

And to the widowed mother and loving sisters, Mrs. 
F. F. Holsopple, of Huntingdon, and Mrs. J. T. 
Myers, of Parkerford, Pa., and friends East and West, 
our hearts will all turn in deepest sympathy in ibis 
their great sorrow. But their tears will cease to flow 
in the hope of meeting " Mamie," — as those who knew 
her best and loved her most, delighted to call Iter, — 
when the Lord shall call them hence. May the God 
of all comfort be your help and stay! D. L. M. 



Love Feast in the Sunny South. 

On Friday morning, Jan. 9, we left Eustis with a 
view of visiting the Brethren in Pasco County and 
attending their feast. On the trip we were ac- 
companied by Bro. S. B. Katherman, of Lawrence, 
Kans., who, along with his wife, is spending the win- 
ter in the vicinity of Eustis. In addition to taking an 
active part in the Sunday-school work, at the church 
in the woods, he is giving considerable attention to 
teaching vocal music. 

Our trip for the day was one full of interest. The 
route took us through a section of the State noted 
for beautiful lakes, charming orange groves, dense 
hammocks, wild swamps and regions of every indi- 
cation of desolation. We say " desolation " for the 
reason that, years ago, when the great freeze killed 
four-fifths of the orange and grape fruit trees in the 
State, thousands of people closed their houses in de- 
spair, and went to other parts of the United States. 
Some splendid dwellings, now in a dilapidated con- 
dition, remain to tell the silent but sad story v of a 
period of great prosperity, followed by ruin and des- 
olation. 

But not all the people fled the country. Those who 
remained and built up their groves are now reaping 
a rich harvest, and it is a most charming sight to 
look upon their dark-green trees, hanging full of the 
most delicious oranges and grape fruit. And, by 
the way, the man who has a good-bearing grove, in 
a favored section of the State, feels about as easy, 
financially speaking, as any man to be met in the land. 

Near the close of the day we reached Zephyrhills, 
a comparatively new place of possibly 1,200 souls. 
Here a few of our people have located, and here, in 
a large hall, Bro. J. V. Felthouse, of Seminole, had 
been conducting meetings . for a Week. We were 
pleasantly located, and in the evening had the privilege 
of addressing a very responsive audience. 

The next morning (Saturday) found about one 
dozen of us, all members, on the train, going four 
miles to the north, for the purpose of attending the 
feast near Phelps,— a turpentine camp of no special 
note. A walk of a little over a mile, along a good 
road, through an undulating section, that should have 
a more attractive appearance, in years to come, than 
it has at this time, enabled us to reach the home of 
Bro. J. H. McKillips, where the Brethren of this 
vicinity have been holding their services for a year 
or more. Each evening, for a week. Bro. B. F. Light- 



ner, of Gettysburg, Pa., had been holding meetings. 
Bro. Lightner and wife are spending the winter in 
the South. Their first stopping point was at Bartow, 
Polk County, where a few members have groves. Of 
this section of the State our brother speaks very high- 
ly. From here they go to Wabasso, a point on the 
Indian River. 

In a general way, the feast was an old-fashioned 
one. There was a preaching service at 11 A. M., din- 
ner at noon, and self-examination services at 3 P. M. 
In the evening all the members surrounded two long 
tables, arranged on a large back porch. Those nut 
members occupied seats in the yard. Here, practical- 
ly in the open air, the feast was observed in the usual 
manner. The weather was pleasant, and so far as 
we could see, everybody was comfortable and enjoyed 
the services of the hour. At the tables were mem- 
bers front more than a half dozen States, and among 
the ministers, not yet named in this article, was Bro. 
Win. Borough, formerly of South Bend, Ind., but 
now located at Arcadia, this State The members 
of this congregation were pleased to have Bro. 
Borough and wife with them. At the close of the 
feast, the visiting members were assigned lodging at 
the neighboring homes, and the night was pleasantly' 
passed without the need of any fire to keep warm. 

Sunday morning breakfast was served at the place 
of meeting, and at 9; 30 we were permitted to enjoy 
most interesting Sunday-school exercises. Following 
the Sunday-school was the preaching, and we do 
not remember to have ever addressed a more atten- 
tive audience. This closed the meetings at this point 
for the day. We were very favorably impressed with 
the class of people to be found in this community. 
They arc hungry for earnest, well-directed preaching, 
and we feel confident that the right kind of a man, liv- 
ing in their midst, and preaching the Gospel to them, 
could, in due time, reach scores of souls with the 
gospel plea. And what we say of this part of the 
South may be truthfully said of hundreds of others. 
Bro. Felthouse, who is elder in charge of this little 
congregation, can he with them once a month. This 
is good as far as it goes, but the people need more 
preaching, in order to keep them thoroughly inter- 
ested. 

We should like to have visited Brother and Sister 
Felthouse, in their home at Seminole, several miles 
west of St. Petersburg, but time would not permit. 
However, we learn that he is pleasantly located, and 
has a fine orange grove that will soon afford him a 
splendid living. And, in fact, the preacher in Florida, 
who has a good grove behind him, feels very easy, 
so far as finances are concerned. 

A walk of a mile to the depot, in the afternoon, a 
ride of sixteen miles to the south, and another walk 
of a mile and a half, along one of the best roads we 
have seen in the State, brought us to the home of 
Bro. A. S. Yoder, near Plant City. Bro. Yoder is 
one of the boys we often had in our audience in Put- 
nam County, Fla., over thirty years ago. It was 
certainly a pleasure to spend an evening in his family. 
It reminded us of former years, when we used to 
go from house to house, in this State, preaching the 
Gospel. 

Plant City, with a population of nearly 4,000, is in 
one of the best agricultural sections in the State, 
and from here are shipped nearly $1,000,000 worth of 
. strawberries and early vegetables each year. Just 
now the growers are shipping thousands ofboxes of 
large, delicious strawberries, and are realizing splen- 
did returns. Nearly everything raised in the State 
can be grown with profit in this vicinity. We close 
this communication on the train, and mail it while 
approaching Kissimmee, where we are to remain a 
few hours, and then go on to our temporary home at 
Eustis. - J- H - M - 

Many churches report notable improvement, along 
the line of giving to the Lord's work, since they have 
adopted systematic plans to that end. The envelope 
system has been rendering general satisfaction and 
enables the members to give each Lord's Day " as the 
Lord hath prospered." This or any other good plan is 
much to be preferred to the haphazard way often to 
be found, which has no definite aim or method. 



58 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 24, 1914. 



Our Visit to the Foreign Mission Fields. 

No. 8.— The Work and Workers at Ping Ting Chou. 
(Continued.) 

Besides the Boys' School, there is a school for 
girls. Jt began a year ago, with one pupil and one 
teacher. Now there are eleven pupils and two native 
teachers (one of the latter a man, who gives only an 
hour or two daily to teaching), besides Sister Minerva 
Metzger, who directs the work and teaches two hours 
daily. The outlook for the school is good. At least 
twenty pupils are expected for the next year, and this 
number is the limit that can be accommodated at 
present. And this will mean the closest packing. 
Larger quarters will have to be found, some way, for 
it seems evident that a greater number of girls will 
have to be provided for in the near future. The 
teachers are paid a nominal sum for their service, and 
the girls give seventy-five cents per month toward 
their support. This covers the larger part of the 
expense of boarding them. 

Social life in China is altogether different from that 
in America. The sexes do not mingle. There is no 
such thing as society for young people, as we know 
, it at home. Women are expected to remain in se- 
clusion. They are not at liberty to do otherwise. 
They arc of no importance. They are scarcely con- 
sidered a part and parcel of the national life. Co- 
education of the sexes, therefore, can not be practiced. 
There must be separate schools for boys and girls. 
The segregation is rigid. But when China's women 
are schooled, and- they are recognized in their rightful 
place as men's partners and equals in life, the founda- 
tion for the revolution of the social life of the Re- 
public will have been laid. It will mark an epoch in 
the history of the nation. This gives, us to. see both 
the need and the importance of girls' schools. 

Opium refuge work has been carried on to some 
extent among both men and women. At this station 
about one hundred and eighteen men and ten women 
have been treated during the last year. The course 
of treatment covers from thirty to forty days. There 
are large opportunities in this line. Many of the 
people have fallen slaves to the drug habit, anddong 
to be rescued from their hopeless state. A good many 
lapse after taking the treatment, while some are per- 
manently cured. The final outcome depends very 
much on whether or not those treated accept Jesus as 
their Savioii, On the whole, it is considered that about 
two-thirds lapse, but if one-third can be saved it justi- 
fies the effort. And it is the rule among the missions 
of this province that opium eaters must break off 
before they are received into church fellowship. So 
help is provided for this helpless and hopeless set, 
who are in the hands of a master too much for them. 
This station operates two small out-stations, where 
work of this kind is done. Soa Fung, a village five 
miles out, is cared for by a native brother, who has 
charge of those under treatment, and who conducts 
some Bible teaching and prayer service. At Le Ping, 
another village, sixteen miles out, a boys' school is 
operated, in addition to the opium work. The school 
has been running one year and the opium work two. 
It has fifteen boys and one teacher, the teacher not a 
member of the Brethren church. He is borrowed 
from 1 another mission. One native brother, located 
here, does a little teaching and preaching as an evange- 
list, but he is not able to teach the school. The work, 
of the out-stations is under the care of the Americans 
at the main station, who make frequent visits to them. 
The school work at the main stations and at the out- 
stations, for both boys and girls, is of the greatest 
value to the mission. It deals with the young and 
rising, and lays the foundation for the future. Herein 
lies the hope of the home, society, government and 
the church. 

In addition to the foregoing lines, the evangelistic 
work is pressed. The common agencies are employed. 
Public and private teaching is done. Much personal 
work and teaching is carried on, especially in the 
homes among the women. This is done by the sisters. 
And this is an important line of the work, for if the 
Chinese women are to be reached at all, it will have 
to be done in this way. A few attend the public 



service and a few can be approached in the women's 
meetings, but most of tbem must be taught in their 
homes. 

The preaching 1 service holds good interest, I am 
told. Probably there were 175 present last Sunday, 
and 'an anxious crowd they seemed to be. The little 
chapel was crowded to an overflow, for this number 
is beyond its capacity. A considerable number stood 
in the court. There were many signs of interest, all 
the more remarkable, since the preaching was done 
through an interpreter. But Bro. Crumpacker in- 
terpreted effectively. 

When Dr. Wampler and wife get the language 
sufficiently in hand, medical work will be opened. 
In fact, this is so essential to the cause here, and in 
like fields, that it is undertaken in some small degree, 
even without a physician. At this station a small 
dispensary has been maintained, and Bro. Crumpack- 
er has treated something like 3,000 natives yearly. 
Just as soon as the people of the city learned of Dr. 
Wampler's arrival (and they seemed to know it im- 
mediately),' they began coming for treatment. During 
the week he remained here, before going to Poa Ting 
Fu, where he is taking the language, he was crowded 
with patients. One day he treated twenty-five. This 
gives you something of an idea of the opportunity af- 
forded. -When once the mission is manned and 
equipped, still other lines of effort will be opened. 

The workers at this station are Brother and Sister 
Crumpacker and Sister Emma Horning-, who came 
out in 1908. But Sister Horning, on account of her 
health, returned home in the spring of 1912, and came 
back a month ago. Sister Minerva Metzger, who has 
charge of the Girls' School, arrived in 1910. Brother 
and Sister Wampler, Brother and Sister Vaniman and 
Sister Anna Blough came this fall. The first business 
of the five new missionaries is to get the language, 
and they are already at it. In three years they are 
expected to have a pretty good knowledge of it. In 
a shorter time a working knowledge is acquired. 
When the language is sufficiently mastered, Dr. Wam- 
pler and wife, who is a nurse, will supervise the medi- 
cal work. Bro. Vaniman is to have charge of the Boys' 
School. The others will look after the evangelistic, 
pastoral, house-to-house, opium work, etc. 

The missionaries, who have a knowledge of the 
field, are hopeful and happy in their work, and the 
newcomers are enthusiastic and anxious to get in 
position for active service. They are a promising set 
of workers. May the dear Father in heaven give them 
souls for their hire! h. c. e. 



Which Is the Better Way? 

All of us admit that we have departed from the 
ways of the fathers. A goodly number of us would 
like to return, or at least do not want to stray any 
farther from the old paths. But the way to do this 
is not clear: we differ as to what is the best thing to 
do under the circumstances, and the best way of do- 
ing, that thing. Some say we need more decisions and 
some say we need more teaching. And the latter is 
no doubt more needed -than the former. Yet teaching 
alone will not do, and decisions alone will not do: 
we need more than both these — we need living. 
. In recent years we have read much about the failure 
of prohibition laws in the larger cities. . They did not 
prohibit. Why not? Just because they were not en- 
forced: The law is good; but no law is self-enforcing. 
We have good decisions against evil things in the 
church. In some places the decisions are enforced 
and in some places they are not ; and sometimes they 
are not wisely enforced. But an unenforced decision 
is worse than no decision at all. If it means anything 
at all, it means that we are convinced that we should 
do a certain thing, but have not the courage of our 
convictions. It is like a new year's resolution which 
is never anything more than a resolution. 

But we must do something— stop going world- 
ward— or we shall not. long have any right to claim to 
be an apostolic church. We are already allowing too 
many things to lead us away from what we know are 
safepaths. By all means, let us have teaching and 
more teaching, and let it be the wisest and the best 



teaching to be had. Our fathers did not believe and 
practice through ignorance — they had their reasons 
for what they did, and their reasons were founded on 
the Book. They were not perfect, they made mis- 
takes, as all men do ; but they did not deliberately and 
persistently go worldward. And that is pretty nearly 
what we have been doing of late years. 

Teaching is not enough, however. Some people 
are not reached in that way. What is to be done 
when teaching has no effect, when the one who is 
supposed to be a learner turns away from the teach- 
ing and will have none of it? In olden times the Jews 
were well taught, but did not obey the teaching. God 
did not send more teachers. just to be sending them. 
He kept teaching, as the church today musl do, but 
when teaching did not do the work he resorted to 
something else ; and so must the church do now if it 
is to be kept as he would have it. For violating law 
there must be some penalty even in this world. 

We are not to be conformed to this world, but trans- 
formed in, life arid purpose. There is so much said 
about this in the New Testament; and yet in many 
things our transformation is not perceptible. We are 
in and of the world, and the world knows us because 
we do not know Christ as we should. Have we 
e'eased to believe, or have we accepted the common 
belief that all roads called religious lead to heaven? 
There are two roads before us : one we know leads 
to heaven and eternal happiness. Where does the 
other one lead ? If we could see and realize the end, 
we should not long halt between two opinions. Of 
this second road the very best we can say is that we 
have no Bible reason to think it leads to heaven. For 
us the present is a time of deciding which way we 
shall go. We seem to have lost the power to act. 
We know which way is safe, and yet we practically 
refuse to walk in it. What will the end be? 

We have in the church some things which we are 
commanded not to have. Why do we not put them 
out? Year by year more of these things come in. 
If we continue our present policy, how long will it 
be until the world and the church are the same in 
reality? There ought to be a remedy found. We 
have consecrated members; can they not find a" 
remedy? Surely it is not God's will tbat we cease to 
be a church such as he tells us to be. Where lies the 
way out? .__^_^^^^ c. M. 

Keeping Out of Debt. 

Sometimes debts may prove a blessing, but too 
often they have paved the way for hardships, dis- 
appointments and failures. By going in debt, some 
men have become wealthy and influential. Then, oh 
the other hand, thousands who might otherwise have 
secured good homes, and lived pleasantly, have met 
with financial ruin. The spiritual injunction, "Owe 
no man anything, but to love one another," should 
mean much to the masses. Taking it in the broadest 
sense, it means prosperity. While it may not be 
possible to conduct a large business without the cred-. 
it system, — at least to a limited extent, — still the ma- 
jority of men and women will .succeed better by con- 
ducting business on a cash basis. They should learn 
to pay as they go, and, when the bank account gets 
low, curtail expenses. It is a fine thing for one to 
'be able to feel, when the day's labor is ended, that 
there are no accounts against him at the store or any 
other place. But one should also learn to save. Just 
a little each week may amount to a good deal in the 
course of a year. If wisely invested, the money saved 
will come wonderfully handy during the closing dec- 
ades of life. Not only so, but the man who does 
business on the cash system neyer breaks up. He 
may have to cut his allowance short, may now and 
then have to go hungry, and get along with less cloth- 
ing than some of his neighbors, but he does not need 
to worry over debts. One would better have less, 
and have it clear of debt, than to have much and be 
constantly annoyed by unpaid obligations. Further- 
more, there is something about the simplicity of the 
New Testament religion that decidedly favors the 
policy of owing no man anything but to love him, and 
we feel confident that this must be regarded as the 
best of all policies. j. h. m. 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 24, 1914. 



S9 



MISSIONARY DEPARTMENT 



GE1TEBAL MISSION BOARD OF THIS CHURCH 
OF THE BRETHREN. 

D. 1*- MU1«. Chairman Mt. Morris. 111. 

H. C Early, Vice-Chairman Fenn Laird, Va. 

Gfllon B. Boyer, Sec. and Treas Elgin, III. 

Chas. D. Bonsack Union Bridge. Md. 

j. j. Yoder McPhcrsnn, Kansas. 

Otho Winger North Manchester, Ind. 

Address. 
General Mission Board, Elgin, 111. 



NOTICE TO THE ELDERS AND CHURCHES OF 
WESTERN PENNSYLVANIA. 

Our next District Meeting will be held at the Scalp Lev- 
el house Apr^l 15, beginning at 8 A. M.; Elders' Meeting, 
April 14, at 9 A. M. Each church is entitled to two dele- 
gates. Churches, having more than 200 members, may 
have an extra delegate for each additional 200 members or 
fraction thereof. Be sure to send your full amount. 

In order that the Writing Clerk may prepare a program 
of business, and distribute it in ample time to the several 
churches, it will be necessary that all queries from the 
churches and reports of committees reach him in ample 
time. We should have reports of (a) Old Folks' Home, 
(b) Historical, (c) Annual Meeting Locating, (d) An- 
nual Meeting Treasurer, (e) District Treasurer, (f) Mis- 
sion Treasurer, (gO Temperance, (h) Mission Board. All 
should be in the hands of the Writing Clerk, Bro. H. S. 
Replogle, Scalp Level, Pa., not later than March 10. Also 
all local clerks should advise me as to the number of cop- 
ies needed, to supply at least each minister and delegate* 
from your congregation. All dues due from your congre- 
gation must be paid before your delegate can be seated. 
Let us plan for-a better District Meeting than we have 
yet had. H. S. Replogle, Clerk. 

Scalp Level, Pa., Jan. S. * 



OUR BIBLE NORMAL. 

The District of Oklahoma, Panhandle of Texas and 
Pecos Valley, New Mexico, held its yearly Bible Normal 
in the Washita church, at Cordell, Okla., beginning Dec. 
24, .1913, and ending Jan. 2, 1914. „ 

Our District Evangelist, Bro. J. H. Morris, conducted 
the work, ably assisted by Bro. Jno. R. Pitzer. 

Forty lessons in the Acts and in the Epistles of Paul 
were studied.. These lessons were taken up in a most 
thorough manner and proved very helpful to those in 
attendance. 

Each session began at 10 A. M. and closed at 3 P. M. 
The noon hour was spent in a social way. A special period 
each day, from three to four P. M., was held for the ben- 
efit of ministers. This work consisted of Bible and hymn 
reading and outlining of sermons. 

An examination, covering the lessons studied, was given 
at the close of the Normal. A " farewell " service was also 
held, — a number giving short talks. 

During the Normal, ninety-two were enrolled, with an 
average attendance of sixty. There were sixteen present 
from adjoining churches. Many were prevented from be- 
ing present on account of the disagreeable weather. The 
visitors were cared for by the members of the Washita 
church in a most hospitable manner. 

Since our District provides for this Bible work, and it 
is free for all, and since the instructors spend much val- 
uable time preparing for the work, the members of our 
District should certainly avail themselves of these splen- 
did opportunities to become more efficient workers in the 
cause of Christ. Io McAvoy. 

Thomas, Okla. 



MARKLE, INDIANA. 

Our congregation met in council on Friday afternoon. 
Dec. 17, with Eld. D. B.' Garber presiding. The church 
trustees, in their report, showed our congregation to be in 
good financial standing. It was decided to continue the 
envelope system for our donations, in addition to a free- 
will offering by each individual annually. Church officers 
were chosen by ballot, with Sister Lina Bowman as clerk; 
Bro. Daniel Heaston, reelected treasurer; Bro. Dave 
Ewert, Gospel Messenger agent; the writer, reelected 
Messenger correspondent. Sunday-school officers were 
also chosen, with Bro. Chas. S. Paul (one of our day 
school teachers) as superintendent. Bro. Chas. Garber 
and Sister Attie Poorman were reelected secretaries. 

As our Sunday-school for Dec. 19 had the Christmas 
lesson, we decided that a special talk be given to the chil- 
dren, instead of having die regular preaching services. 
Brethren P. B. Garber and Daniel Funderburg each gave 
an interesting talk to the school about Christmas. The 
school was then treated to candy and nuts. Each. class 
also gave a contribution to their class treasurer, for the 
benefit of the needy ones. Several 'homes were made 
happy with clothing and eatables. We also sent the Gos- 
pel Messenger for a year -to a home which greatly ap- 
preciates it. 

Dec. 29 Bro. Funderburg gave a special talk to the 
school regarding the proper relations of Sunday-school 
officers and teachers towards the Sunday-school, and also 
the duty of the patrons. We were glad for his talk. Bro. 



Garber also presented a few interesting remarks. 

We have prayer meeting on Thursday evening of each 
week. Several of our sick and afflicted members, and 
others also, greatly appreciate the prayers of God's chil- 
dren. One aged brother was anointed a few weeks ago, 
:ind is now gaining in health and strength. 

Marklc, Ind., Dec. 29. (Mrs.) Lillian Earhart. 



Notes from Our Correspondents. 

The Following Notes, Crowded Out of Last Issue, Axe 
Given Space on This Page. 

CALIFORNIA. 

Covina church met tn council Jan. 2, but because of a Hie rag- 
Ins in town It was postponed until Jan. 7. when Bro. D. J. Ovor- 
holtzer presided, until Bro. G. F. Chembcrlon could be with us. 
Officers for the year were elected. Bro. P. L. Ilepnoi' was 
chosen clerk; Bro. John Zug. treasurer; Bro. D. A. Poster 
chorister; the writer, reelected correspondent The Temper- 
ance, Missionary. Flnanclnl and Sewing Society Committees 
all reported activity In their respective lines of work. Early 
In December wo elected Sunday-school officers, so that nil 
would be ready to commence at the beginning of the year. 
Bro. F. L. Hepncr was retained as superintendent; Sister Mai- 
ne Ovciho.lt7.ei-. superintendent of the homo department, and 
Sister Rose Ebersole. superintendent of tho cradle roll. We 
arc using a system of credits, by which we hope to make our 
Sunday-school attain to a higher standard. Bro. O. S. Qarher. 
of St. Joseph, Mo., will commence a series of meetings here 
on the evening of Jan. II,— Eulalia Ovorholtzer, R. D. 1, Co- 
vina, Cal., Jan. 9. 

rresno. — We met In council Jan. S. Bro. C. E. Wolf pre- 
sided. Bro. J. R. Rhoads was chosen Sunday-school super- 
intendent; Bro. P. C. Parrot, reelected church treasurer; Bro. 
Leo Brooks, chorister and church clerk; Sister Miriam Rhoads, 
correspondent; Bro. William Royor, secretary and treasurer; 
Sister Rhoads, president of tho Christian Workers" Meeting; 
Bro. Clinton Royor, secretory. Wo have a cradle roll depart- 
ment, with Sister Eva Wlllams as president. Our Sunday- 
school treasurer reported a balance of J13.97 on hand. The 
average attendanco for the year was fifty-four. Our resident 
membership is ufty-six. Several asked for their certificates, 
— a church having been organised at Trlgo last fall. Our 
Sunday-school ( rendered a splendid program, after which the 
school was given a treat of candy,. popcorn and peanuts. The 
attendance was good. Wo had services on Christmas. Bro. 
J. R. Rhoads preached in the morning. Several out-of-town 
visitors were present. Bro. Wolf delivered an interesting 
sermon In the evening. We also had services by Bro. Wolf 
on New Year's Day. Brother and Sister Wolf have done much 
good since they are hero. We are also glad to have Brotlicr 
and Sister Rhoads with us again, to assist In the work here.— 
Eva C. Williams. 3239 Fresno Street. Fresno, Cal.. Jan, 8. 

Imperial Valley church mot In council Dec. 27, Church 
officers for tho coming year were oleetod, Bro. Wnu Plait 
we reelected older in charge; Bro. W. A. Van Horn, church 
treasurer; Bro. E. S. Strlckler, church chorister and church 
clerk. Sunday-school officers were elected for the coming six 
months, with Bro. Earl Smith as superintendent, and Sister 
Ora Van Horn as secretary. Sister Rona Huffman Is super- 
intendent of the cradle roll. Officers for Christian Workers- 
Meeting were chosen, with Bro, Earl Smith as president, and 
Bro. Jim Firestone ' as secretary-treasurer. — Anna Strlckler, 
El Centre, Cal., Jan. 6. 

Roisin City church met In council Dec. 27. Eld. Hurv.y 
Elkenberry presided. Bro. E. M. Sheller was chosen church clerk; 
Bro. H. W. Flke, treasurer; Sister Zona Bashor, Messenger 
agent; Sister Nelle E. Fllcklnger. correspondent. SlNter 
Elizabeth Fllcklnger Is superintendent of the senior Sunday- 
school, and V. Hostetler, secretary-treasurer. Sister Bertha 
Savior Is superintendent of the primary department, and Sis- 
ter Nellie Adams Is secretary-treasurer. Sister Etta Bashor 
Is superintendent of the cradle roll, and Sister Etta Heefer 
is superintendent of the home department. Sister Elsie Sayer 
Is president of our Young People's Meeting, with Sister Doro- 
thea Dickey as secretary-treasurer. One letter was read and 
accepted. A vote was taken for the election of three dea- 
cons, and was carried unanimously. We are anticipating good 
results from our meetings, to commence this month, to be 
conducted by Bro. Hiram Stouffer, of Macdoel. — Nelle E. 
Fllcklnger, Raisin, Cal.. Jan. 10, 

Trigo.— Our first quarterly council was held Jan. 3, with 
every member present. At this meeting we decided to be 
known as the Trlgo congregation. Two letters of member- 
ship were granted. Our Sunday-school begins the new year 
with the writer as superintendent, and Bro, Cecil Bailey, sec- 
retary. — Mamie Sink, Trlgo, Cal.. Jan. 6. 

ILLINOIS. 

Spring- Bun. — We met In council Jan. 8, with our elder. Bro. 
M. L*Hahn, presiding. We elected our Sunday-school officers, 
with Sister Nevlnger as superintendent, and Sister Marie 
Sadler as secretary. Bro. Hahn resigned from his charge as 
elder of our congregation, and Bro. Nevlriger was chosen as 
our elder for another yea- 1 "- Steps are being taken for the 
moving of the Spring Run church to Elllsvllle. — Amanda 
Schisler, Elllsvllle. 111., Jan. 10. 

Sugar Greek. — Our congregation met In council Dec. 20. 
Bro. J. M. Miller was reelected trustee of the cemetery. Wo 
elected Sunday-school officers, with Sister Anna Shearer re- 
elected as superintendent, and Sister Francella Masteraon as 
secretary. Our elder, Bro. J.- M. Masterson, was chosen dele- 
gate to the Temperance, Sunday-school and Bible Institute 
Meetings, held at Astoria, III. The church also reelected our 
elder for another year. — Mrs. J. M. Masterson, Chatham, 111., 
Jan. 8. 

INDIANA. 

Burnettsville.— We met In council Jan. 3. Sunday-school 
officers were elected. Bro. Milton Mertz was chosen superin- 
tendent and Sister Emily Hanna, secretary. New officers were 
chosen for the Bible Society, with Bro. Arnold Hanna as presi- 
dent, and Sister Minnie Relff. secretary. Brother and Sister 
Hiram Forney, of Goshen, Ind., came Jan. 3, to conduct a 
series of meetings. Interest and attendance are good. Bro. 
Forney's talks are convicting and convincing. — Minnie Relff, 
Burnetts Creek, Ind., Jan. 9. 

Bandessville. — We met In council. Dec. 20. Bro. Noah Ends- 
ley was elected church treasurer, and Sister Julia Endsley 
secretary. Bro. E. E. Kltch was chosen superintendent of 
the Sunday-school, and Sister Dora Kltch secretary. Bro. 
Marshal Pence Is leader of the prayer meeting. Sister Dora 
Kltch Is President of our Sisters* Aid Society; Sister Kath- 
arine Kltch, Vice-president; Sister Anna Lee. Secretary.— 
Adelia Endsley, B. D. 30, Van Buren, Ind.. Jan, 11. 

portage^-Our members met in council Jan. 10. Our elder. 
Bro. Daniel Whitmer, presided, assisted by Bro. L. P. Kurtz, 
of Goshen • Bro. David Rose was reelected trustee; Sister 
Nora Whitmer. treasurer; the writer, clerk and Messenger 
correspondent. Bro. Whitmer, owing to failing health, 
offered his resignation, and Bro. L. P. Kurtz was unanimously 
elected elder in charge.— Mrs. Kate Peterson, R D. 2, South 
Bend, Ind., Jan- 12. '..■".* 

Sugar Creek 'China Mission Band" met Dec. 12 to reelect 
officers Sister Chloa Krclder was chosen president, and Bm. 
Chester Pence, vice-president; Sister Mae Emley. secretary- 
treasurer and chorister. Program and membership commlflee* 



were also appointed. The Band Is supporting an orphan boy 
in China. Reports of the year were given. After paying all 
expenses, we have $10.65 In the treasury. We meet every 
Wednesday evening for practice. We have given several pro- 
grams nnd are arranging for some to be given later. The work 
S, Sm<l " y , e *' bu T l we P rfl y that it may grow.-ChJoa Krelder, 
South Whitley, Ind., Jan. 6. 

IOWA. 

Ced»r B.iplds church met in council Jan. 6, with Eld. D. E. 
M Her presiding. The usual yearly reports of the Sunday- 
school and church treasurer were given, showing a good 
financial condition. Christmas was observed here with an in- 
terest ,,g program on Christmas evening, consisting of songs, 
recitations and readings.— Grace TIsdale. Cedar Rapids, Iowa, 

w^ nC " BlDff ( ", fa " i ^-^"- 3 a joint Christian 
Workers convention of four Nebraska churches.— Alvo Oc- 
tavla, Lincoln, and Omaha,— convened here. Many he'lnful 
thoughts were presented. The next morning the same organ- 
ization met In the Omaha church for a Sunday-school Con- 
vention. Last Wednesday evening we met In council. Our 
elder, Bro. M. R. Weaver, presided. We were also favored 
with tho presenco of Eld. Edgar Rothrock. One letter was 
granted and two were received. After our council a dear 
young sister was nnolnted.— -Homer F. Cnskey, 823 Avenue F 
Council Bluffs, Iowa, Jan. 9. 

Dallas Center — Jan. 6 Sister Zuma Heestand, of Wooster, 
Ohio, commenced a singing class at this place. The Interest 
has been good. After finishing her work here. Sister Hee- 
stand goes to the Panther Creek church.— May Runte, Dallas 
Center, Iowa, "Jan. 12. 

Waterloo.— One dear soul, In his Christmas pledge, desired 
to be baptized, and his wishes were complied with. Our 
"White Gift" Christmas program resulted in practically 
every class of the school (privately and independent of the- 
others) donating to some special and worthy cause, reaching 
out Into many homes at homo and elsewhere. One class also 
made a donation to the China Boys - School. Each member 
of another class of fifteen young men, known as "The In- 
vlnctblen." donated a sack of flour to some needy home of our 
city.— J. S, Horshberger, 1130 Hammond Avenue. Waterloo, 
Iowa, Jon, 4. 

KANSAS. 

EonioM City (Central Avenue).— Last evening we met in 
council and equipped ourselves for the work during 1914. 
Eld, I. IT. Crist was chosen elder In charge; SlHter Viola Cline. 
superintendent of the Sunday-school; Bro, E. H. Harman. 
president of the Christian Workers' Meeting: Sister Ellen 
McCuno, superintendent of the cradle roll and home depart- 
ment of tho Sunday-school; Bro. Hurui, trustee; Bro. Roy 
Crist, correspondent. Tho church appointed two committees, 
— one to ascertain the approximate cob! of a new ehurchhouse. 
and another one to ascortaln tho cost of reconstructing the 
present building. Lost Sunday morning Bro, A. W. Ross 
preached for us, and In the evening Sister GJ. H. Ebv addressed 
tho audience,— Roy E. Crist. Kansas City, Kans.. Jan. 9. 

Mont Ida.— Dec. 20, at our regular election of church offi- 
cers tho following were chosen: Bro. Lafayette Watklns, pre- 
siding elder for one year; Rrn. Earl Watklns, clerk; Sister 
Edith Hartman. treasurer, and Bro. Evan Watklns. trustee. 
Sister Mary Sherfy Is our Sundny-school superintendent, and 
Bro. Chas. Hartman Is secretary-treasurer. Our series of 
meetings closed Dec. 3, on account of Inclement weather. 
Our evangelist was with us over Thanksgiving and preached 
a fitting sermon for tho occasion, after which an offering of 
$21 wns given. A bOx of provisions had also been sent to Bro. 
Eller's family, estimated at ten or twelve dollars, which was 
received by them on Thanksgiving morning, much to their 
surprise and Joy. — John Sherfy, Mont Ida. Kans., Jan. 1. 

Bcott Valley.— Our little band of members at Ottumwa. 
Kans.,. enjoyed a very Interesting series of meetings, con- 
ducted by our District Evangelist, Bro. .1. S. Sherfy. Although 
the weather was very unfavorable and the roads bad, yet the 
attendanco and Interest were good. Some wore convinced 
that our doctrines arc right, and regular preaching appoint- 
ments have been requested. Jan. 4 we met in council. Bro. 
Chas. A. Miller presided. A committee of three was appointed 
to secure an evangelist for a series of meetings the coming 
fall. Our church officers for the year are Bro, Miller as 
elder in charge; Bro. Sol. Clark, clerk; Bro. J. O. Studebaker, 
trustee. Sister Ella Clark Is our Sunday-school superintend- 
ent for the year, and Sister Pearl Lenel Is secretary-treasurer. 
— Anna Miller, R. D. 2. Westphalia. Kans.. Jan. 9. 

Sunny lido — Our congregation Is progressing nicely. On 
Christmas Eve we had a program for our Sunday-school, and 
gave our smaller scholars a treat, consisting of candy, pea- 
nuts and popcorn. We gave out seventy-five packages, which 
the children seemed to enjoy very much. At our election of 
Sunday-school officers, Jan, 4, the writer was reelected su- 
perintendent for another yenr. and the rest of the officers 
were nearly all reelected. Since our last report three more 
members have Joined our number. — one by baptism and two 
by letter. Sunday, Jan. 11, Is our preaching day. Some of the 
Brethren from Madison will be here to preach for us. These 
are our nearest ministering hrethren. — S. S. Ropp, R, D. 1. 
Grldley, Kans., Jan. 10. 

Wichita (West Side Mission.) — On Sunday evening before 
Christmas the Sunday-school rendered a very Interesting pro- 
gram to a crowded house. Sunday morning. Dec. 28, after 
church services, we elected Sunday-school officers and teach- 
ers for the year. The following Sunday, Jan. 4, our Chris- 
tian Workers' Band was reorganized for another year. The 
work here Is progressing nicely and the attendance at all the 
services has increased considerably over what It was a year 
ago. The teachers have their meeting each Sunday an hour 
before Sunday-school. We organized a Teacher-training Class 
last fall, which meets each Tuesday evening. We have an 
enrollment of about fourteen members. Each Thursday even- 
ing we meet at the church for prayer meeting and Bible study. 
All these services are very Interesting and, we hope, will re- 
sult In much good. One dear mother has united wlth.uS since 
the first of the year, and we believe there are others who are 
thinking very seriously. We expect Bro. Isaac Frantz, of 
Pleasant Hill, Pa., to hold a scries of meetings for us In the 
near future. — Edgar R. .Harris. 504 N. Martinson Street. 
Wichita. Kans.. Jan. 12. 

MICHIGAN. 

Iiong LaHe. — Our regular council was to have been held 
Dec. 13, but as our elder was absent, the meeting was post- 
poned until his return. We then held a council Jan. 3. Offi- 
cers were chosen as follows: Bro. D. E. Sower was reelected 
as our elder In charge; Bro. Daniel Landls, trustee: Bro. John 
Land is, clerk: Bro. William Landls, treasurer: Sister Etta 
Landls. church chorister; the writer, correspondent and Mes- 
senger agent. A series of meetings committee was chosen as 
follows: Bro. D. E. Sower, Sister Etta Landls and the writer. 
We have splendid weather, and the brethren expect to resume 
the work on our house soon. Our neighbors have been very 
liberal in volunteering to work, and some have promised to 
help again when we take up the work. Our Christmas ser- 
mon was delivered by our pastor, Bro. D. E. Sower, in one of 
the homes in the vicinity of the church, It was a splendid 
lesson for us all. This same home has been tery kind and 
considerate to our people, though the occupants are not mem- 
bers of our church. After the sermon, dinner was served to 
fifty-eight persons; a few had left before dinner. In the af- 
ternoon a few favorite songs were sung, and Bro. Sower gave 
a short talk to the little folks. Then the Sunday-school dis- 
tributed a treat.— Dollle Shepherd, R- D. 2, Manistee. Mich.. 
Jan- «■ 



60 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 24, 1914. 



Notes From Our Correspondents 



As cold water to a thirsty soul, so is good news from a far country 



CALIFORNIA. 

Covina, — Bro. C. S. Barber, of St. Joseph, Mo., came to ur 
nn Sunday evening, Jan. 11, to conduct a series of meetings. 
Four of our Sunday-school children decided for Christ. Tues- 
day night he gave a lecture on the "Fruits of Sin." — Eulalla 
Ovcrholtzer. Covin a, Cal.. Jan. 14. . 

Empire — My recent report, dated Doc. 3, should have read 
(hiK about 170 surrounded the Lord's table at our communion 
services. Instead of only 70, as stated In the printed report. — 
Battle n. Deardorff. Modesto. Cal., Dec. 10. 

Pomona.— The Christian Workers of Covtna, Glendora, 
Lordsburg and Pomona rendered a much enjoyed New Year's 
program ut this place on Sunday evening. Jan. 11, The theme 
WOO, "Ye Have Not Passed This Way Heretofore." One more 
hoe been added tn our number by letter. — Clara B. Wolf, 310 
Kingsley Avenue, Pomona, Cal.. Jan. 13. 

CANADA. 

Pleasant Valley church met for services today at the home 
(if Bin. 19. Frantz. Bro. J. D. Belsh gave, us a good sermon. 
Pinter ISttn Petry Frantz was installed as a helpmate to her 
husband In the deacon's office. We decided to have meetings 
oacll ''vnlng tills week, while Bro. Petry Is with lis. Little 
Mary, the six-year-old daughter of Bro. George Duncan, who 
was soveroly burned Intely. is Improving. — Hannah Dtmnlng. 
Box 12B8, Medicine Hat, Alto., Canada, Jan. 11. 

Sharon church met In council Jan. 3. Four letters were re- 
i i 'Ivi'd nml one was granted. Bro. J. J. Shamherger was elect- 
ed Sundny-srhnol superintendent; Bro. Geo. Hollenberg. sec- 
i ■I'l.try : Bro. John Hollenberg, president of the Christian 
Workers' Meeting. A collection of $40.55 was raised for 
World-Wide Missions. On Christmas evening, after a pro- 
gram. J1l.no was raised and sent to the China Mission, We 
decided to send our lesson picture rolls, which have been ac- 
cumulating for some years, to the India Mission. Jan. 4 $6.60 
was raised by our Sunday-school for missions. The people 
tn the South are not the only ones having a pleasant winter. 
We are hnvtng delightful weather thus far. — Grace Hollen- 
bcrgi Piant, Alberto, Canada, Jan. 5. 

COLORADO. 

Mount Garfield church met In council Jan. 3. Eld- W. A. 
Rose presided, Bro. Salem Beery was chosen elder In charge; 
Bro. John Beod, assistant elder; the writer, chorister; Bro. 
Mar old W. Pnlcc superintendent of the Sunday-school, and 
Slater Hazel Johnson, secretary: Sister Lillle Handsley, presi- 
dent of our Cbrlsllnn Workers' Meeting. We recently enjoyed 
n two weeks' series of meetings, conducted by Bro. C, S. Gar- 
her. of St. Joseph, Mo., assisted by Bro. Wlllard Smeltzer. of 
North Dakota, as singer. Their efforts resulted in six con- 
versions. Three letters have been granted since our last 
council, and one has been received. Our membership is small 
and scattered, hut we have a live Sunday-school. — Alma Hertz- 
lcr Patee. Grand Junction, Colo., Jan: 6. 

si i' ri hi" — We began a series of meetings Dec. 2fi which 
Closed Jan. 10, conducted by our pastor. Bro. J. C. GroiT. There 
were no converts, but we feel sure that some were almost 
persuaded. Jan. 11 Bro. D. B. Miller preached the examina- 
tion sermon, nnd In the evening we held' our love feast. Bro. 
.1. C. Grnff officiated. Most of the members were present. We 
had a plonsnnt nnd spiritual meeting. — (Mrs.} Cora E. Miller. 
R, D. 1, Box R, Atwood, Colo., Jan. 12. 

IDAHO. 

Winchester. — Our Sunday-school rendered a Christmas pro- 
gram 1 Pec. 21. nnd nil present were given a treat. Dec. 28 we 
elected Sunday-school officers, with Sister Bertha Elsenblse as 
wuperlntcndent, and Sister Wilsey as secretary, Jan. 7 we 
met In council. Eld. B. J. Flke. of Nozperce, Idaho, presided. 
He Was chosen elder In charge for one year. As our church Is 
without a minister, we would he glad to have some one locate 
iimong us. — Amanda E. Flory, Winchester, Idaho, Jan. 7. 

ILLINOIS. 

Chicago (Hastings Street Sunday-school). — The past two 
or throe Sundays testified to the good work done In our school 
during the year just closed. Jan. 4 seventy diplomas and 
seals were awarded for one year's perfect attendance In Sun- 
day-school. One of the reclpents has a perfect record for fif- 
teen years. The forepart of last year our primary superin- 
tendent gave out fifty barrel bnnks to the pupils, and these 
were opened Jan. 4 and the contents counted, fifteen being re- 
turned. We decided to use half of the entire amount, $11.55. 
In Chicago; the other half in India. About a month before 
Christmns various classes sent Christmas greetings to the 
foreign missionaries who formerly labored among us. In re- 
turn, to date, we have received an encouraging letter from 
Bro. Wine In Denmark. We anxiously await letters from the 
others. The writer Is superintendent again for 1014. We are 
extremely loath to part with Sister Ermn Mealow, who has 
superintended our primary department for several years and 
worked as missionary, — mainly among our children. She goes 
to Flora, Ind.. not as a missionary, but as a home-maker. Her 
former position will be filled jointly by Sisters Ethel Gwln 
and Emily Dyer. We have the usual city difficulty of per- 
suading our pupils to remain for the after service, but one 
by one they are being won to the Idea of staying. Once a 
month our pastor arranges a special service for the entire 
Sunday-school. Independent of its regular work. Our average 
attendance for 1013 was 166. We open the work this year 
with wonderful possibilities nnd bright prospects. — Walter C. 
Frtck. SupL, 2751 West Sixteenth Street, Chicago, 111., Jan. 14. 

X.n Motte Prairie. — Our church met In council Jan. 10. Our 
elder, Bro. J. C. Stoner, presided. One letter was granted. 
We decided to use " Kingdom Songs." We elected Sunday- 
school officers for another year. Our church held a Bible 
Term, commencing Dec. 2S. Bro. David Beard, of Bethany 
Bible School. Chicago, was our able Instructor. — Mary E. Wel- 
ler. R. D. 2. Palestine. III.. Jan. 14. ' 

Naperville.— Our church met in council Jan. 7. with our 
elder, Bro. W. J. Homer, presiding. On the evening of Dec. 
.'1 our Sunday-school and Christian Workers' Meeting rendered 
air excellent Christmas program. The house wns filled to the 
utmost. Our Sunday-school attendance is stilt increasing. 
The average attendance for 1913 was nearly twenty per cent 
greater than a year ago. — Elizabeth Beery. 90 Benton Avenue, 
Naperville. 111., Jan. 14. 

Woodland i Mount Pleasant House). — Bro. D. F. Warner, of 
Bethany Bible School, came here Dec. 20, and on Sunday 
preached two interesting sermons. The week following he con- 
ducted a Bible School, giving us two sessions in the forenoon 
and two In the evening, to very attentive classes. All feel 
greatly benefited. We have arranged to have him return some- 
time during the summer, to conduct another term of Bible les- 
sons. — Bessie Weber. R. D. 3, Ipava, III.. Jan. 12. 

INDIANA. 
Baugo. — The Sunday-schools at both houses were reorganized 
tor the year. Bro. Theron G. Weaver is our superintendent at 
the Baugo house and Bro. David Holmes Is treasurer. Sister 
Bertha Moyer was elected superintendent at the Wakarusa 
house, and Bro. Ell Wise, treasurer. The Christ.an Workers' 
officers were elected at the Wakarusa house, with Sister Ger- 
trude fichwalm as president and Sister Berths Kushaum as 



secretary. Sister Nina Weaver was chosen Messenger agent. 
Bro. J. W, Norrls, of Marlon. Ind., began a series of meetings 
at the Wakarusa house on Sunday morning, Jan. 11. — Mabel 
Homes, Wakarusa. Ind., Jan. 12. 

Bllssville— We held a very successful series of meetings this 
winter, conducted by Eld. George Swihart, of Roann. Ind. We 
began these meetings Dec. 14 and closed Jan. 1. Bro. Swihart 
preached twenty-three practical sermons along doctrinal lines. 
Each evening before preaching thirty minutes were devoted 
to Bible reading. Many said they never heard the ordinances 
of the New Testament presented in such a plain way before. 
Strong impressions were made. Fifteen were baptized. Seven 
were heads of families, and one man was over sixty years of 
age. Two are awaiting baptism. A number of others have 
promised to come In the near future. Our members were 
greatly strengthened during these services. Less than two 
years ago this congregation was organized, with a member- 
ship of 119 members, and we now have 195 members. — J. M. 
Markley, Plymouth, Ind.. Jan. 13. 

Camp Creek church began a successful series of meetings 
Dec. 7, which continued until Dec. 27. Brt>. Peter Stuckman 
preached the Word with much earnestness and. power. Four 
made the good confession, and one was reclaimed. Our church 
met In council Jan. 7. Our elder, Bro. J. W. Shlvely, presided. 
Six letters were granted. Sunday-school officers were elected 
for 1314, with Bro. Isaiah W. Johnson as superintendent, and 
Sister Mary Flory, secretary. The writer was chosen corre- 
spondent and Messenger agent. Bro. Daniel Flory was chosen 
as class leader of our prayer meetings for 1914, — Mrs. Isaiah 
W. Johnson. Etna Green, Ind., Jan. 13. 

Harrison County. — Jan. 2 Bro, John Greenhalge came here. 
and preached eleven inspiring sermons. We feel greatly en- 
couraged to press forwnrd in the Master's cause. It has been 
eleven months since we heard a sermon from one of -like pre- 
cious faith. Our church is In the hands of the Mission Board. 
Our elder, Bro. R O. Norrls. expects to give us a series of 
meetings, We are anxiously awaiting his coming. — Mrs. Har- 
din Miller, TDogwood, Ind., Jan. 15. 

Hartford City.— Bro. H. L. Fadely, of Mlddletown. Ind.. 
came. Jan. 3, as our District elder, and gave us Spirit-filled 
sermons each evening until Jan. 11. These meetings grew in 
interest until the close. Two accepted Christ as their Savior. 
Bro. Fadely was sent here by the Mission Board of Southern 
Indiana to study our conditions as to the future work here. 
He called all the members to meet in council Jan. 12. The 
work was considered. Brethren Daniel RIslnger, Bruce Leon- 
ard and I. J. Howard were chosen trustees, and Bro. Bruce 
Leonard as" secretary-treasurer. We decided that all who 
properly belong to this church and hold their membership in 
other congregations, are to hand in their certificates here, in 
accordance with the ruling of Annual Meeting. Our Sunday- 
school is Increasing in Interest and attendance. "We now have 
an enrollment of about fifty to sixty-five. — Rebecca Fetterling. 
Hartford City. Ind., Jan. 13. 

Pleasant Dale.— Bro. Roy Dllling. of Bethany Bible School, 
Chicago, closed a very interesting singing class for us Dec. 
28. On account of the Inclement weather, the class was not 
large, but the Interest was good. Bro. Dllling could not stay 
with us the entire term, on account of his teaching at Beth- 
any. ■ Willie he was here, we organized a singing class, to 
meet once a week, thus continuing our study In music. Bro. 
Dilllng also preached four splendid sermons for us. which 
were greatly appreciated. — Blanche Yaney. Decatur. Ind., Jan. 
13. 

KANSAS. 

Abilene. — We met In council In the Navarre house Jan. 3. 
Our assistant elder, Bro. C. A. Shank, presided. Our church 
officers were elected for the year. Bro. George Mannon will 
be elder In charge, with Eld. C. A. Shank as his assistant; 
Bro. M. Ohmart. clerk: Bro. David Strole. treasurer; the writ- 
er, church correspondent. W.e also elected one trustee, and 
reorganized our Sunday-school and Christian Workers' Meet- 
ing. Sister Clara Ninlnger Is superintendent, and Sister Alice 
Oleson is secretary-treasurer. Bro. Oscar Zook was elected 
president, with Bro, William Benedict as vice-president,* and 
the writer as secretary-treasurer. Five letters were granted. 
I — Golda Zook, Navarre, Kans.. Jan. 13. 

East Maple Grove church met in council Jan. 14. Eld. E. E. 
Joyce presided. He is moving to Missouri, but we still retain 
him as our elder. Bro. R. A, Saylor, of Crawford. Colo., a 
young minister in the first degree, has located among us. but 
we need more workers. Who will help us? — John A. Myers, 
Gardner. Kans., Jan. 14. 

Maple Grove church met in council. Two letters were re- 
ceived. We elected our church and Sunday-school officers. 
Bro. A. J. Wertenberger was chosen elder; Bro. Floyd Miller, 
clerk; Bro. James Reager. treasurer; Slste Minnie Deeter. 
correspondent and agent; Bro. J. P. Aukenman. Sunday-school 
superintendent; and Sister Mina Bryant, secretary. — Paulina 
Bishop. Oronoque, Kans., Jan. 10. 

Verdigris (Madison). — Our Sunday-school was reorganized 
Dec. 2S. Bro. J. S. Leaman. now of Parsons, who Is expected 
to be with us this year, was chosen superintendent, and Bro 
James EIrod. secretary-treasurer. — Lona Harvey, B. D. 3. 
Madison, Kans.. Jan. 10. m 

MARYLAND. 

Mlddletown Valley church met in council Jan. 1. Our elder, 
Bro. George S. Harp, presided. Bro. Curtis Gouker and Bio. 
Chas. Delanter were elected superintendents of the Sunday- 
school. Bro. Isaac Frantz conducted a series of meetings for 
us in our new Myersvllle house. Nine made the wise choice. 
.One of them is a mother eighty years old. Bro. Frantz held 
forth the Word with power. People were seen to be reading 
their Bibles In stores and other places of business. — C. N. 
Frushour, Myersvllle, Md., Jan. .13. 

MICHIGAN. 

Bear Lake. — We met in council Jan. 3. Officers were chosen 
for another year, with Eld. Samuel Younce as elder in charge; 
Ihe writer, clerk. Messenger agent and correspondent; Bio. 
Steven Hufford. treasurer; Bro. Frank Cochran, trustee. We 
decided to reorganize our Sunday-school April 1. — W. E. 
Young. Clarion, Mich.. Jan. 12. 

HomeBtead congregation met in council Dec. 6 at the home 
of Sister Long. Our elder. -Bro. J. W. Harshbarger, presided. 
We decided to continue our weekly cottage prayer meetings 
all winter. Our services are strengthening. We have reor- 
ganized our Sunday-school. Bro. C. H. Kaiser was reelected 
as our superintendent.— Allura Kay. R. D. 2. Benzonln. Mich.. 
Jan. 17. 

MINNESOTA. 

Hancock. — On Monday morning we met at the riverside. 
where baptism was administered to a young man. We have 
organized a singing class, under the leadership of Bro. George 
Shade. Our Christian Workers' Meeting was reorganized. 
with Bro. R. A. Nafus as president. — Mrs. R. A. Nafus, Han- 
cock, Minn.. Jan. 10. 

MISSOURI. 

Carthag-e. — At our council held on Saturday, Jan. 3. Bro. 
Gibble was chosen secretary of the church: Sister Holmes, 
treasurer, and the writer, Messenger agent and church corre- 
spondent. Bro. Templeton, Bro. Keeling and Bro. Edwin 
Groflf are our church trustees. Our church solicitors are 
Sisters Olive Holmes and Elsie Ham. Two certificates were 
granted. Bro. Gibble is our Sunday-school superintendent, 
and Sister Elsie Ham is secretary. — J, L. Switzer, Box 22S. 
R. D. 1, Carterville, Mo., Jan. S. 

Deepwatcr. — Eld- T. J. Simmons met with us in our business 
meeting Jan. 10. He also preached for us on Saturday night. 



Sunday morning and Sunday night. Several visiting brethren 
were with us. Bro. Simmons was reelected elder In charge for 
two years. We decided to have our fall meetings the latter 
part of October, provided we can secure the services nf an 
evangelist. There is much sickness* here now. — Etta M. 
Skaggs, Montrose. Mo., Jan. 12. 

Palrview church met in council Jan. 10. Bro. Strausburg 
and wife were granted letters. Bro. J. B. Hylton was reelect- 
ed elder for the year. Bro. James Keith was chosen clerk; 
Bro. Christian Cllne;, treasurer; the writer, Messenger agent 
— Lizzie Gass, R. D. 1, Macomb, Mo- Jan. 13. 

North St. Joseph church Is progressing slowly in increasing 
her membership. Our Sunday-school has heen keeping up 
quite well all'wlnter. On Christmas Eve the Sunday-school 
pupils rendered a good program. We convened in council Dec. 
20 and elected new Sunday-school officers for another year, 
with Bro. Chas. Deal as superintendent, and Bro. Willie Denl 
as secretary-treasurer. Bro. . M. R. Murray was retained as 
church treasurer. Sister Eberts Is church solicitor; the writ- 
er, correspondent; Bro. Elmer Deal, church clerk. We also 
organized a teacher-training class, which meets each Sunday 
evening. We are greatly In need of a consecrated sister, who 

would be willing to devote her whole time to rue work here. 

Mrs. M. R. Murray, 1103 Roosevelt Avenue. St. Joseph, Mo., 
Jan. 12. 

NEW YORK. 

L.-ilic Bldge Mission. — Dec. 28. 1913, marks the close of the 
first three quarters of our Sunday-school work. The .average 
attendance was thirty-five. Dec. 21 the school rendered a 
Christmas program, with appropriate songs, recitations and 
an address by Bro. E. F. Nedrow. At the close of the service 
a liberal donation was presented to Brethren R. A. nnd R F. 
Nedrow by the Sunday-school workers and friends. Jan. 4 
we reorganized our Sunday-school, retaining the old officers, — 
Bro. R. A. Nedrow as superintendent, and Sister Veda Bush 
as secretary. We had arranged to begin a series of meetings 
Jan. 11. to be conducted by the ministers in charge of the 
work here, but owing to the serious illness of Sister B. A. 
Nedrow, who Is now In the hospital, we thought it best to de- 
fer theBe services until a later date. — Mrs. E. F. Nedrow Lud- 
lowville, N. Y.. Jan. 14. 

NORTH DAKOTA. 

Cando, — Tan. 1 we met in a members' meeting for the pur- 
, pose of electing Sunday-school officers for the present year. 
Eld. J. D. Kesler presided. The writer and Bro. John Clark 
were chosen superintendents. Bro. J. W. Fitz was elected 
corresponding secretary-treasurer. We have; preaching each 
Lord's Day, with a fair attendance, and the Interest is good. 
We expect Bro. D. M. Shorb, of Surrey. N. Dak., to conduct 
a series of meetings for us, beginning about Feb. 1 — Mary 
L. Miller, Cando. N. Dak., Jan. 12. 

Bay. — Bro. Chas. Myers was with us last Sunday. Owing 
to sickness in his family, he had not been with us for some 
time. Our elder, Bro. J. G. Wagenman, was also with us — 
Mrs. I. B. Miles, Ray, N. Dak. Jan. 14. 

OHIO. 

Baker church met in council, with our elder, Bro. G. A. 
Snider, presiding. The following officers were elected for the 
present year: Bro. W. L. Jacobs, treasurer; Sister Ida Lout- 
zenhlser. secretary: Bro. J. P. Baker, church correspondent; 
Sister Kate L. Baker. Gospel Messenger agent. Bro G. A 
Snider and wife and Bro. Geo. Wllkins were appointed as a 
committee to make arrangements for District Meeting, which 
will be held at this place in April. Two letters were received 
and two granted. — J. P. Baker, Box 166. Hai;rod. Ohio, Jan. 

Blanohard church had a short series of meetings, beginning 
Jan. 6 and closing Jan. 11. The home ministers did the 
preaching. On account of bad roads and cold weather, the ■ 
services were not well attended. Our churchhouse is so lo- 
cated that we can reach it only by traveling over some ex- 
tremely muddy or rough, frozen roads, which places us at a 
great disadvantage with the other churches of our community, 
that are better located and have a larger attendance. — L. H. 
Prowant, Continental. Ohio, Jan. 12. 

Maple Grove church met in council Jan. 16 In an all-day 
meeting. Two letters were granted. Bro. W. H. Gerber was 
elected Sunday-school superintendent. Sisters Esther Fisher 
and Flora Umbaugh were chosen teachers of the primary de- 
partment. Bro. Henry Martin was elected trustee. We de- 
cided to hold our series of meetings In October, to be con- 
ducted by Bro. G. S. Strausbaugh. Bro. W. L. Desenberg was 
chosen elder of our congregation for another year. — Mrs. E. E 
Desenberg. R. D. 7, Box 23. Ashland, Ohio, Jan. 17. 

Beading. — Bro. G. S. Strausbaugh held a two weeks* re- 
vival for us, beginning Nov. 30, and preaching seventeen ser- 
mons to good-sized audiences each evening. With the ex- 
ception of a few, the best of interest and attendance were 
shown, and our brother gave us many good lessons. One was 
baptized at the midnight hour, at the close of our meetings. 
Dec. 14 we elected officers for the year, with Bro. W. G. 
Stoffer as superintendent of our Sunday-school, and Sister 
Nettie Stroup as secretary. Sister Delilah Kelley is our Mes- 
enger agent. — Rena Heestand, R. D. 2, Moultrie. Ohio, Jan. 
10. 

Bobs church met in council Jan. 3. Bio. James A. Guthrie 
presided. We have a teacher-training class each week, — Mrs. 
. r ames A. Guthrie, Spencerville. Ohio, Jan. 12. 

Sidney. — At our recent council Bro. Joseph Kaylor was ap- 
pointed church clerk, and the writer was chosen church cor- 
respondent. One letter was granted. Our pastor, Bro. S. Z. 
Smith, is to conduct our series of meetings. Our elder, with 
others, made a strong appeal that the Gospel Messenger be 
established In every home. — Bessie P. Schmidt, Sidney, Ohio. 
Jan. 8. 

Swan Creek church has been enjoying wonderful showers of 
blessings from a loving Father. Bro. J. Edwin Jarboe and 
wife, of Red Cloud. Nebr., now of Bethany Bible School, came " 
here Dec. 20 for a two weeks' series of meetings. Sister Jar- 
boe conducted the song service, which was a great help in the 
meetings. Bro. Jarboe consented to remain one week longer. 
Fifteen accepted Christ. Twelve have been baptized, and three 
await the rite. The members have been much strengthened. — 
Nancy Smith, Wauseon, Ohio. Jan. 14. 

Troy Mission. — Our pastor, Eld. Jno. Calvin Bright. left Dec. 
27, 1913, for Harrisburg-, Pa., to conduct a series of evangel- 
istic services. From there he went to Elizabethtown College, 
to conduct a ten days' series of lectures on doctrinal sub- 
lets. He will then be joined by Prof. Otho Winger. President 
of North Manchester College, and by authority of the General 
Conference will visit the different schools of the East. He ex- 
pects to return home about Feb. 7. In the meantime we are 
being favored with sermons by some of our neighboring min- 
isters. On Sunday morning, Jan. 4, Bro. O. S. Yount preached 
for us, and in the afternoon three young ladies were baptized 
by Bro. Yount, two in the baptistry and one at the river. 
Others are very near the kingdom. Our series of meetings 
will begin Feb. 8. with Bro. J. O. Garst, of near Dayton. Ohio, 
in charge. The outlook for our church during the new year 
is very encouraging. — Daisy A. Yount. Troy, Ohio, Jan. 12. 

West Milton church met in council Jan. 1, with Eld. S. A. 
Blessing presiding. Brethren Samuel Snell and Lester Heisey 
were with us. Two letters of membership were received. 
Bro. Enos Wenger and Sister Edna Wheelock were chosen 
Sunday-school superintendents for the year. We decided to 
have Bro. Blessing conduct a series of meetings for us in 
March. Dec. 28 Bro. S. S. Blough, of North Manchester. Ind., 
gave us a very helpful discourse. Jan. 4 Bro. Lester Heisey, 
of Chlllicothc, Ohio, preached for us both morning and even- • 
lng. — Effle F. Gnagey. West MUt«n. Ohio. Jan. 8. 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 24, 1914. 



61 



OKLAHOMA. 
Bear era** church met in council Jan. 3. Eld. W 



He 



choi 



Cook 
as our elder in charge; Bro. Paul 



Khnaithniann. church treasurer; Sister Ella Pfrimmer. clerk. 
^J" ter Grace Underwood church correspondent and Messenger 
enf Sister Buth Schnaithmann, chorister; Bro. Paul 
"^hna'lthmann, Sunday-school superintendent, and Sister Grace 
i- C iprwood secretary- treasurer. Bro. Otto Enfield was chosen 
Resident of our Christian Workers' Society, and Sister Etta 
p .' ij secretary-treasurer. We decided to change the name of 
Ll \- Church from Bear Creek to Antelope Valley. — Grace Un- 
derwood, B. D. 4, Billings. Okla.. Jan. 8. 
OREGON. 
Williams Creek church met In council Jan. 10. We elected 
•hurch and Sunday-school officers. Bro. John L. Teeter was 
rhosen as our elder for another year, and Bro. G. W. Hoxle 
Ms assistant. Bro. Elmer Bacon was elected Sunday-school 
a uDerintendent. We deckled to raise our churchhouse, and 
make other improvements. Our recent converts seem to be 
enjoying the new life. — Jacob P. Moomaw, .Wfllfams, Oregon, 

PENNSYLVANIA; 

Annvllle- — Our series of. meetings, held at the Annvllle 
church, conducted by Bro. Rufus Bucher. of Quarryvllle. Pa.. 
closed Jan. 1. Four expressed a desire to follow Christ. 
Others seemed to be almost persuaded. Bro. H. E. Holllnger 
delivered an excellent temperance sermon at the South Annvllle 
house on Sunday night. Jan. 4. Owing to the Inclement 
weather, not many were present. — Simon G. Bucher, R. D. 1, 
Lebanon. Pa., Jan. 13. 

Carlisle. — We are much pleased to Inform all who are in- 
terested In the building of our church In Carlisle, Pa., and its 
urgent needs, that the excavation for the new home Is about 
completed, and that the contractor Is ready to put up the 
foundation walls. The house will be built of brick, and of 
very good material throughout. It is to be of fair size, and 
so built as to accommodate the needs of the Sunday-school. 
It is also to be arranged for the holding of love feasts. This 
is now an organized church, with Eld. Jos. Long, of York, Pa., 
as elder. — A. S. Hershey, Carlisle, Pa_r Jan. 12. 

Conewago. — Eld. Win. H. Miller, of Hanover, Pa., opened a 
series of meetings at the Conewago house Dec. 20, and closed 
Jan. 11. The meetings were In progress three weeks. Eld. 
Miller gave us twenty-seven sermons. He preached the JVord 
ot God with power. Our churchhouse was filled nearly every 
night. Seven decided for Christ. The following brethren were 
with us at part of the meetings: Eld. D. M. Eshelman, Eld. S. 
H rlertzler, Bro. Hiram E. Kay lor, Bro. Amos M, Kuhns, and 
Bro. Ralph W. Schlosser. Eld. Win. H. Miller is the District 
Evangelist of Southern Pennsylvania, and during 1913 traveled 
ever 9.000 miles In his Master's service. — Edgar M. Hoffer, 
Elizabethtown, Pa., Jan. 12. 

Greenville. — Our church met in council Dec. 9. Bro. A. 
Fyoek, of New Paris, Pa., presided. He remained with us 
through the week and preached five Inspiring sermons. Three 
united with the church, and one was reclaimed. The meeting 
closed with a love feast Dec. 14. A goodly number surrounded 
the Lord's table. We recently organized a Christian Workers' 
Meeting. We are now organizing an adult Bible class. — Susie 
Thomas, Grampian, Pa., Jan. 12. 

Hanover church met In council Jan. 13. Eld. Wm. H. Miller 
presided. Bro. B. C. Whltm'ore was elected superintendent 
for our Sunday-school. Three trustees were also elected, — 
one for one year, one for two years, and one for three years, — 
Brethren H, T. Baker, Paul Wortz and the writer. The church 
decided to hold our love feast on May 10, and we also decided 
to hold a series of meetings between July and the latter part 
of September, if an evangelist can be secured in this time. 
The lot fell on Bro. G. Shively, of Miffllnburg, Pa. — W. B. 
Harlacher, Hanover, Pa., Jan. 14. 

Lititz — We met Jan. 10 in the Lititz house, to effect an or- 
ganization. Our congregation Is named the Lititz Chjwch of 
the Brethren. Bro. I, W. Taylor was chosen as our elder. Six 
elders were present. Eld. J. G. Royer, of Mount Morris. III., 
was moderator, and Eld. I. W, Taylor was clerk. We closed 
a series of meetings at this house Jan. 10, conducted by Bro. 
J. G. Royer. He preached twenty-two sermons for us. He 
also had Bible readings one-half hour before preaching serv- 
ices, and Bible study in the afternoon for one week. We were 
well pleased with his labors, as well as the labors of those who 
came and assisted In the services. Bro. Royer's sermons were 
brimful of Instruction, One applied for membership, and one 
was reclaimed. — Henry E. NIes, Lititz, Pa., Jan. 12. 

Maiden Creek congregation began a series of meetings in 
the Mohrsvllle house, conducted by Eld. David Kllhefner, of 
Ephrata, Pa, The meetings continued two weeks. He preached 
strong spiritual sermons, and many lasting Impressions were 
made. The members were much revived and rejoiced to see 
three young souls turn to the Lord. Others are near the king- 
dom. On Christmas forenoon we held a service in Bro. J. G. 
Rebel's home In Centerport, when two of the applicants were 
baptized. The third one was hindered by the parents. Dur- 
ing Bro. Kllhefner's stay with us, we also held a short coun- 
cil; with Eld. William Oberholtzer, of Myerstown, Pa,, presid- 
ing. At this meeting our Sunday-school officers were reelected 
for 1914. — Mrs. S. S. Beaver, Shoemakersville, Pa.. Jan. 5. 

Meyeriidale. — Bro. P. S. Miller, of Roanoke, "Va., came here 
Jan. 1 and preached for us each evening until Jan. 4. He also 
preached on Sunday morning, making five sermons in all. Jan. 
3 we met in council. Bro. P. S. Miller presided. One letter of 
membership was granted. Our Sunday-school superintendent 
for this year is Bro. B. B. Dickey. Our Christian Workers' 
Meeting has been reorganized with a good corps of officers. 
Bro. J. M. Gnagey was appointed clerk of our councils, and 
the writer was chosen correspondent. — Ella Mae Flke, Meyers- 
dale, Pa., Jan. 11. 

Bldge. — We met In council Jan. 10. Bro. Peter Lehman 
presided. Bro. W. K. Conner Is to begin a series of meetings 
in Shippensburg early in February, and Bro. C. H. Steerman 
is to hold a series of meetings at the Ridge church sometime 
later. — Joseph Burkhart, Shippensburg, Pa., Jan. 12. 

Waynesboro. — On the evening of Nov. 30 we began a series 
of ten sermons, treating on the fundamental doctrines of the 
Gospels. The subjects were handled well by our home min- 
isters, alternately. The attendance was good. On the evening 
of Dec. 12 our Sunday-school officers were elected, with Bro, 
G. P. Cashman as superintendent, and Bro. Warren Snader as 
secretary. Jan. 4 the officers and teachers were duly installed 
by Eld. Oelllg. Our school numbers 577. Sunday evening. 
Dec. 21, the Berean teacher-training class held Its fourth an- 
nual graduating exercises, with an address by Eld. Chas. Bon- 
sack on the subject, "Not the Book, but Him." Bro. Joseph 
Gilbert was elected president of the Christian Workers' Meet- 
ing. — Jessie Demuth, Waynesboro, Pa., Jan. 12. 

SOUTH DAKOTA. 

Willow Creek church met in council Jan. 3, with Bro. Grant 
Tooker presiding. Church and Sunday-school officers for an- 
other year were elected. Many of the officers were reelected. 
Sister Fern Heagley was elected superintendent of the Sun- 
day-school. We decided to hold a series of meetings in June. 
Plans for systematic giving were discussed, but nothing defi- 
nite was decided. A committee was appointed to investigate 
and report at our next council. Our Sunday-school at this 
place seems to be prospering. — Ellen Harldson, Frederick, S. 
Dak., Jan. 10. 

TENNESSEE. 

Cedar Grove church met In council Jan. 10. Eld. J. I. Size- 
more presided. New officers were elected for another year. 



Bro. James Q. Davis was chosen clerk and treasurer; Bro. J. 
S. Klopper, Messenger agent, the writer, correspondent. Three 
letters of membership were received. One was from a minister 
and his wife. Bro. James S. Barrette, of Balleyton, Tenn.. 
was here on Saturday and Sunday. Ho gave us two Inspiring 
sermons. Our series of meetings closed Dec. 16, conducted by 
our home ministers. The attendance was good, and much in- 
terest was manifested. Four united with the church, Bro. 
Barrette administering the rito af baptism. — Bertha A. Klep- 
per, Rogersvllle, Tenn.. Jan. 12. 

Xnob Creek— Bro. J. M. Lair, of Xuster, Mich., began a 
series of meetings here Dec. 20. nnd continued till Jan. 4. He 
preached twenty-one Splrlt-filled sermons. The Interest was 
very good, considering the Inclement weather part of the time. 
One was baptized. — Angle Clark, R. D. 5, Johnson City, Tenn., 
Jan. 7. 

Pleasant View church mot In business session Jan. 10. Bro, 
J. D. Clark presided. Brethren Roy Clark nnd Foster Vines 
were chosen to the ministry. — N. T. Lorlmer, Jonesboro, Tenn., 
Jan. 11. 

VIRGINIA. 

Brick church met In council Jan. 10. Bro. G. B. Flora de- 
livered the opening address. Bro. R, L. Peters presided. Two 
certificates were received and two granted. Brethren W. A. 
Barnhart and J. B. Naff were appointed as a committee to 
look after the repairs of our churchhouse. Bro. T. W. Fisher's 
report of soliciting for home, foreign and World-wide Mis- 
sions amounted to (60. He was reappointed for this work. 
Bro. J. B. Naff was elected superintendent of the Sunday- 
school. Bro. Wilford Peters was given the scholarship from 
our church to the Bible School at Dalcvlllo. Va, The writer 
was reappointed correspondent. — (Mrs.) OUIe Ikenberry, R. D,. 
Wlrtz. Va., Jan. 13. 

Plat Bock (Cedar Grove). — Our Christian Workers met 
thirty-four times during 1914, with an avernge attendan-.s of 
. eighteen. The outline- books of the Publishing House Were 
used. The average collection wns (1.02. The society paid 
from Its contributions $32 for the support of a native worker 
in India, $0.02 for expenses, and 16 to the Orphans' Home In 
Tlmbervllle, Va. We reorganized at the beginning of the year, 
with Bro. D. W. Beaver as president, and Bro. C. E, Lltten as 
secretary-treasurer. — Leila S. Neff, New Market, Va., Jan. 9. 

Pleasant H1U. — We met In council Jan. 10. Church omcers 
were elected for the .year. Bro, A. N. Hylton was reelected 
as our elder; Bio. Ell Marshall, treasurer; Bro. S3, E. Hylton, 
clerk; the writer, correspondent. Bro. G. W. Woddlo, of Bloom, 
Kans., was with us In our council, and also preached two en- 
couraging sermons for us on Sunday. — Ruth A. Hylton, R. D. 
4. Willis, Va,, Jan. 17. 

Troutvllle congregation met In council Jan. 10, Willi Eld, 
Jonas Grnyblll presiding.' Eld. C. D. Hylton gave an Interest- 
ing talk on family altars, Insisting that altars be erected In 
every home. Arrangements were made to handle a J4.000 en- 
dowment, to be used In preaching the Gospel In Isolated points 
within our congregation. This handsome gift was made by 
a dear aged brother who could not preach, but who desires that 
the blessings which God has given him be used to do his 
preaching for him. Preliminary arrangements were made for 
Bro. 'A. W. Ross and wife to spend a week or more In our 
congregation. The general treasurer's report was mode and 
accepted. The Christian Workers have been reorganized by 
selecting Sister Jessie O. Hylton as president, and Sister 
Pearle Shaver as secretary. — Frnnkle E. Showalter, Troutvllle, 
Va.. Jan, 14. 

WASHINGTON. 

Majestic Valley. — Jan. 4 the members of this place met to 
reorganize the Sunday-school. Bro. E, S. Kale was chosen 
superintendent, and Bro. Paul Miller, secretary. Wo have 
Sunday-school and preaching every Sunday, and Christian 
Workers' Meeting every two weeks. We also reorganized our 
Christian Workers' Meeting the same evening, with Bro. E. S. 
Kale, president, and Sister Reba Grayblll as secretary. Breth- 
ren J. E. Miller and C. N. Stutsman are the Program Commit- 
tee. The writer Is chorister. — Addle Buntaln, Wenatcheo, 
Wash., Jan. 12. 

North Yakima church met in council Jan. 7. Our elder, Bro, 
Enoch Faw. presided. One letter was granted. We now have 
a missionary at work, as well as a home department organized. 
We hope to do more efficient work for the Master this year. — 
Mary Dedrlck, North Yakima, Wash,, Jan. 10. 

WISCONSIN. 

Barron. — Our little flock rejoiced when Bro. H. B. Baker 
gave us a thgee weeks' series of Inspiring meetings. One was 
baptized. Others are near the kingdom. — Mollle Barton, Rice 
Lake, Wis., Jan. 12. 

Worden church met In council Dec. 30, with Bro. G. L. Fruit, 
of Viola, Wis., presiding. Two were received by letter. 
Church, Sunday-school and Christian Worker officers were 
elected for another year. Bro. Fruit remained with us one 
week and preached six Impressive sermons. On account of 
the illness of Bro. John Patton, our only resident minister, 
we have no regular preaching services at present. We have 
Sunday-school every Sunday at 10 A. M., In which the Inter- 
est and attendance are Increasing. — Maggie Gill, R. D. 2, 
Stanley, Wis,, Jan. 10. 



CORRESPONDENCE 



"Write what thou seest, and send it unto the churchet 



AN APPEAL TO AID SOCIETIES AND CHURCHES 
FOR CHICAGO MISSION WORK. 

As the winter advances, we have more and more calls 
for clothing. In some cases the husband has been sick, 
disabled, or out of work. In some, the children are sick, 
aqd in others. the father or mother has died. 

A few weeks ago a request came to our missionary, Sis- 
ter Hinz, for clothing for a babe. We had none on hand, 
so Sister Hinz is securing some in the neighborhood from 
homes in which it has been laid aside. 

We know of a home in which the father is crippled for 
life, and the support of the family falls upon the mother 
and a boy fifteen years of age. 

Another little girl spoke to the secretary of our Sun- 
day-school, excusing the absence of her brother, saying 
that he had no shoes to wear. She gave his Sunday-school 
offering, however. 

We can use clothing of all kinds for children, up to 
the age of fourteen years. We name several needed lines: 
Trousers for boys of three to fourteen years, especially 
for boys from nine to fourteen years. Blouses for boys 
from six to fourteen years. Babies' wardrobes complete, 
and dresses for babies from six months to two years of 
age. Dresses for girls from three years to fourteen years. 
Shoes for girls and boys of all ages. 

We can use these as long as the cold weather continues. 



/ 



We have learned that children in Chicago are like 
children everywhere else,— they like clothing of lighter 
colors rather than dark ones. Then, too, they do not 
cost any more. We have found it a good rule for members 
of Aid Societies to select such clothes as they would wish 
their own children to wear. 

We here wish to express our appreciation and thanks 
to all who have already sent us clothing and bedding. 

I am writing this in behalf of the Douglas Park Church 
of the Brethren (Sunday-school Extension). 

E. E. Eshelman. 

1605 S. California Avenue, Chicago, 111., Jan. 12. 



CIRCLEVILLE, OHIO. 

The Circleville church and Sunday-school had the pleas- 
ure of having with them, over Lord's Day, Dec. 28, Bro. 
John Kikenberry, of Bradford, the State Distrfct Sunday- 
school Secretary of Southern Ohio. 

We arc greatly in need of more workers at this place. 
However, with the faithful and earnest help of a few of 
our members and friends, we are succeeding fairly well 
with our Sunday-school work. Our enrollment for the 
quarter, ending with the close of 1913, was 120 in the 
main school, and twenty-six in the cradle roll depart- 
ment. The average attendance for December was eighty- 
five; for the quarter it was seventy, while for the cor- 
responding quarter of 1912 it was sixty-three. Notwith- 
standing the fact that we have needs here which should 
be supplied, yet we see no reason for becoming discour- 
aged. 

hi tile evening of the date already referred to, the Sun- 
day-school department of our church rendered -a greatly 
appreciated Christmas program. Every available seat was 
occupied. Our program consisted of songs, recitations 
and dialogues. Bro. Eikenberry directed the song service 
most acceptably. He also gave a very appropriate ad- 
dress on " The New-born King." At the close cf the 
service a nice Christmas treat was given to the Sunday- 
school children. The occasion, seemingly, was enjoyed 
by all. 

We shall arrange for a number of services, preparatory 
to our protracted effort, to begin Feb. 1. The preaching 
will be in charge of Bro, Harvey Snell, of Union, Ohio. 
The singing will be led by Sister Viola Furry, of West 
Alexandria, Ohio. 

The "Little White Chapel" on Clinton Street, in the 
extreme southeastern section of our city, in which Bro. 
Karl Neff and wife, of Dayton, Ohio, labored under the 
supervision of the Mission Board of Southern Ohio, for 
over three years, prior to the erection of the new church- 
house, is now owned by Bro. James May, our colored 
minister at this place. He has recently fitted it up for 
worship, and is now conducting revival work there. Bro. 
May is the only colored member here at present. In con- 
versation with Bro. May today, he informed me that a 
number of his people have a desire to hear our doctrine, 
and some expect to unite with the church. Bro. May asks 
to be remembered by the churches of Southern Ohio at 
the Throne of Grace. D, S. Filbrun. 

Circleville, Ohio, Jan. 1. 



SUNDAY-SCHOOL AND BIBLE INSTITUTE 
OF MIDDLE IOWA. 

Our Sunday-school and Bible Institute will be held from 
Jan, 26 to Jan. 29 In the Brethren church near Robins, Iowa, 
under the direction of the Sunday-school Board oC this Dis- 
trict. 

Monday. 7 P. M., Organized for Service. — W. D. Stem. 8 P. 
M., The Prayer Veil. — J. M. Moore. 

Tuesday, 9: 30 A. M., Parables In Sunday-school Lessons of 
1914. — J, M. Moore. 10:30 A. M., Teen Age Problems. — W. D. 
Stem. 11:16 A. M.. Training Class— the Beginner Child.— 
Virgil C. Flnnell. 1:00 P. M.. Organized for Efficiency. — W. 
D. Stem. 1:45 P. M., New Testament Times. — J. M. Moore. 
2: 30 P. M., Standardizing the Sunday-school. — W. D. Stem. 
7:00 P. M., Prayer In Christ's Life. — J. M, Moore, 8:00 P. M., 
Training for Service,— Virgil C. Flnnell. 

Wednesday, 9: 30 A, M„ Parables In Sunday-school Lessons 
, } £ Jan. — J. M. Moore. 10:30 A. M., Training Class — the Pri- 
mary Child. — Virgil C. Flnnell. 11:16 A. M., Holy Spirit in 
Christ's Life. — J. M. Moore. 1:00 P. M., New Testament 
Times. — J. M. Moore. 1:45 P. M., Sunday-school Equipment. 
— Virgil C. Flnnell. 2:30 P. M., Christian Adornment. — J. M. 
Moore. 7:00 P. M., The Home, the Church, the School.— Vir- 
gil C. Flnnell, 8; 00 P. M., Prayer In the Christian's Life.— 
J. M. Moore. 

Thursday, 9:30 A. M., The Life of Christ. — J. M. Moore. 
10:30 A. M., Training Class— the Junior Pupil.— Virgil C. Fln- 
nell. 11:15 A. M.. Holy Spirit in the Christian's Life.— J. M. 
Moore. 1: 00 P. M„ New Testament Times. — J. M. Moore. 1: 45 
P. M„ The Cradle Roll. — Virgil C. Flnnell. 2:30 P. M„ The 
Love Feast. — J. M. Moore. 

Come early and stay late. Be ready for the first class each 
day, and do not leave until the session Is dismissed. 

The success of the Institute will be measured not by the 
numbers In attendance, but by the number of workers who 
come to learn and then return to the home school and put the 
teaching Into practice. 

Please remember that we have not planned these Institutes 
ns a means of entertainment Each Institute presents a twenty- 
four class period, where actual class work will be expected. 
Bring note books and pencils. Use them. Keep them for 
reference during the next year's work. 

Much expense has been Incurred In providing three separate 
Institutes for our District, and we trust that you will show 
due appreciation of the same. Urge the attendance of each 
officer and teacher In your school at every session of at least 
one Institute. 

Invite the Sunday-school workers of your community to the 
Institute, they will enjoy the work. The Instructors will do 
better work If the seats are well filled, too. 

Last but not least, do not forget to pray for those who 
teach and those who come as students. Unless God's blessing 
attend our efforts all will come to naught. 



62 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 24, 1914. 



Sisters' Aid Societies. 

(Concluded from Page 56.) 
FH.EDEE.ICK. MS. — The following is the report of our Sis- 
ter's' Aid Society of the Frederick City church: We organized 
Dec. 5. 1912. with Sister Susan Harrison aa President; Sister 
M. J. Strawsberger, Vice-president; Sister Bertie Harrison. 
Treasurer; the writer Secretary. During the year we held ten 
business meetings, and also meetings for our work whenever 
necessity demanded it. We decided to try, during the coming 
year, to work one-half day of each week, ao as to have 
articles on hand when called for. Our average attendance 
Is Jive. Articles made and sold during the year are as fol- 
lows; Fifteen dust-bonnets, forty-three sun-bonnets, seven- 
teen quilts, forty-four prayer-coverings, fifteen darning-bags, 
thirty-two bottles of fragrant cream, twelve clothes-pin 
aprons, thirty-two princess aprons, fifty-three straight aprons, 
fifty round dress-aprons, six child's eating aprons, and nine 
broom mops. Membership fees collected amounted to $7.10, 
Donations to the circle, — four quilt-tops, and $4.85 In money. 
Donations made by the circle, — subscriptions to the Gospel 
Messenger to an aged brother and sister for one year and 
three months, $1.10: Aid Socrety fees, $25; cleaning of the 
audience room, $1.60; total, $2.86. Other donations made by 
the circle, — three aprons and four prayer-coverings. We have 
$88. 65 cash on hand. — A. M. Bopst, Secretary, Frederick, Md., 
Jan. 2, 

fbuita, COLO. — From December, 1912, to November, 1913, 
we held Sixteen meetings, with an average attendance of nine. 
We did all-day sewing for three families, and one half-day's 
sewing for another family. We pieced two comforter-tops 
and tacked them, besides tacking five others, and quilted three 
quiits, We also tacked carpet rags, and made and sold thlrty- 
lour prayer-coverings. Money received, $36.26; paid out, 
$24,40; donated $8 to our elder, $10 to the Grand Junction 
Mission, the Messenger to a brother, and paid out $6.40 for 
, merchandise, leaving a balance of $10.86 on hand. We re- 
' organized and selected officers as follows: Sister Annie Reedy, 
President; Sister E. Rutt, Vice-president; Sister Edna Brum- 
baugh, Secretary-treasurer. — Helena A. Waltz, Box 203, 
Fruita, Colo., Jan. 12. 

cjOSHEN, IND,- From Jan. 2, 1913, to Jan. 8, 1914, the 
West End Society hold eighteen meetings, with an average 
attendance of eleven. The money received for articles made 
u nd sold amounted to, $18.06; collections received, $11.69, 
money on hand at the first of the year, $3.37; total In the 
treasury, $63.01; expenses for material and donations, $43.06; 
uonatlons out of the treasury, $9.66; donations by labor and 
money collected, $168.48; total donations, $168.13. We have 
$21.27 in the treasury. The goods left over at the close of the 
year are valued at $14.65. We reorganized Jan. 8, with Sister 
Sarah Cripe, President; Sister Nannie Priser, Vice-president; 
' the writer, Secretary, and Sister Fannie Brumbaugh, Treos- 
urer.— (Mrs.) Emma McManus, Treasurer, 319 Dewey Avenue, 
Goshen, Ind., Jan. 9. 

hagerstown, MD.— We meet at the church every Thurs- 
day, and have a business meeting on the first Thursday of 
each month. We had been meeting in the Infant class room, 
but since our rebuilding we now have two connecting rooms. 
During the time of rebuilding, we met in a large room on the 
second floor, In the homo of our pastor and wife, Brother and 
Sister A. B. Miller. We held our first meeting in the new 
rooms Dec. 11, 1913, at which time we elected our officers for 
1914. Ton meetings were held, with an average attendance 
of ten. Jan. 1, 1913, we hod a balance of $71.67 on hand; col- 
lections amounted to $8.92; donations to the society, $31.75; 
amount received for quilting, (26.36; amount received for com- 
forters, $13.10. We made twenty-one quilts and twenty-four 
comforters. We gave away twenty-five second-hand garments. 
Two quilt tops and linings were donated to the society. We 
donated $55 to the church building, $10 to the West End Mis- 
sion, $5 to the World-wide Mission Fund, $8 to a nurse for a 
sick child, and " specials " amounting to $6,08. The total 
amount donated was $84. OS. We bought sundries costing $8.13. 
Our officers are as follows: President, Sister Lutie Relchard; 
Vice-president, Sister Annie House; Treasurer, Sister Julia 
Shaffer; Secretary, the writer. A society was organized in the 
West End Mission May 14> 1913. During the seven months 
they held six business meetings, with an average attendance 
of eight. During that time they quilted twelve quilts and 
knotted three comforters. The collections during tills time, 
for dues and free-will offerings, amounted to $32.07; expenses, 
$6.40; amount in bank, $25; leaving $1.67 in the treasury. They 
reorganized Dec. 17, 1913, with Sister Fianna Ruth as President, 
Sister Amanda Reed, Vice-president; Sister Mabel Sollenberg- 
tr, Secretary, Sister Caroline Bowman, Treasurer. — Nora V. 
Saum, Secretary, Hagerstown, Md., Jan. 1. 

INGLEWOOD. CAli.— Our Aid Society held eleven all-day, 
two halt-day and two business meetings during the year. The 
largest attendance was eleven, and the smallest three, with 
an average attendance of eight. Our average collection was 
seventy-two cents. Our work consisted of making comforters, 
prayer-coverings, clothing for children, mending for busy 
mothers, and cleaning the churchhouse. In some cases cloth 
was furnished, while In other cases both goods and work were 
donated. Part of the sewing was done at home, outside of the 
Aid Society meetings. Fifty-five garments were made, and 
twenty-seven pieces of secondhand clothing were donated. 
Pulpit chairs and other articles were furnished by the society. 
The writer is Secretary for this year. — Mrs. Jas. Talmage 
Thomas, Inglewood, Co)., Jail. 2. 

LINTILLE cheek, VA. — During 1913 we had an enroll- 
ment of twenty-nine. We held twenty-four regular meet- 
ings, with an average attendance of eleven. We also met 
with other societies in joint meetings twice. — once at the Old 
Folks' Home, and once at the Orphanage, — at which time we 
sewed for the inmates of these Homes. Our cash receipts 
were $92.73; paid $36.69 to the Rockingham Memorial Hos- 
pital, |8 to District Mission work, $8 to Bro. I, S. Long for 
Miriam Umtha's schooling, $7.50 to the flood sufferers at Peru, 
Ind., $1 for frosting two windows in our churchhouse. and 
SI. 10 to a poor brother at this place. In addition to this we 
gave material to the value of $7 to two needy families near 
us. and did two days' sewing for them. We remembered 
some afflicted ones with weekly gifts and letters, and gave a 
Christmas donation to the Orphanage. We have a balance 
of $18.11 In the treasury. The following officers were elected 
for 1914; President, Sister Etta Kline; Vice-president, Sister 
Annie Wine; Secretary, Sister Anna C. Ztgler; Treasurer, Sis- 
ter Mamie K. Myers. — Ottie F. Myers, Broadway, Va., Jan. 7. 
MECHAN1CSBUEG, pa. w. met at Sister Hettie Glbble's 
home Jan. 7, lo reorganize. Bro. I. C. Johnson was Chairman. 
The officers elected for the new year are Sister Hettie Gibble. 
President; Sister Lizzie Derrick, Vice-president; Sister Es- 
tella Lininger, Secretary. We held forty-nine meetings dur- 
ing the year. .We meet every Wednesday afternoon, and close 
our sessions with Scripture reading and prayer. An offering 
is lifted at each meeting. Our largest attendance was four- 
teen; the smallest attendance nine, and we had fourteen vis- 
itors. We made fifty-seven bonnets, quilted seven quilts, made 
nine aprons, two wall-dusters, and one comforter. At the 
beginning of the year we had $69.40 on hand, received $17.56 
by collections, $1.50 by donations, and $35.36 for work done. 
We paid $100 for carpet, $3 to the China Boys' School, $2 for 
the Old Folks' Home, and $1 each for Thanksgiving and Har- 
vest Meetings. We paid out $139.15, and have $41.73 on hand 
at the present time. — Estella Lininger. Secretary-treasurer, 
Mechanlcsburg, Pa., Jan. 10. 

medicine lake, mont. — We have a membership of 
twenty-two, though we are much scattered. During the past 



year we held twenty-two meetings, with an average attend- 
ance of eleven. We made and sold sixteen prayer-coverings, 
for which we collected $3.65. We collected, from sales of 
comforters and quilts, $22.30; free-will offerings, $17.89; total 
for the year, $53.84; carried over from last year, $52.36, mak- 
ing a total of $106.20 to our credit. We gave $11 to the Chi- 
nese Orphanage; $50 to the Building Committee for the new 
churchhouse of the first Brethren church erected in Montana, 
to the MInot Mission $5, and "also $3 to send the Messenger to 
families outside of the church. We paid $15.87 for material, 
for Incidentals 60 cents, making a total of $96.67, which leaves 
$9.53 on hand. We made and worked three worsted patch- 
work comforters, and one sllkalene comforter. For this the 
worsted and sllkalene materials were donated. We pieced and 
quilted four cotton quilts, had donated to us two pieced quilt- 
lops, besides pieced blocks for four quilts, and patches for a 
number more. The making of prayer-coverings and much of 
the work on quilts was done outside of the regular meetings. 
During the year we also made and sold one pin-cushion, one 
apron, one dust-cap, one sun-bonnet, and one clothes-pin apron. 
We did four days' outside work, and donated one day's work 
lo a busy mother. We also sent to the Mlnot Mission a box 
of ready-made new and secondhand clothing, and one quilt, as 
t» Christmas gift. We have on hand a quantity of material 
for next year's work. We reorganized Dec. 11, by electing 
Sister J. E. Keller as President; Sister Mary Stutzman, Vice- 
president; the writer, Secretary; Sister Ella Williams, Treas- 
urer; Sisters Mary Kno and Mary Stutzman as Inspectors. — 
Mrs. W. E. Swank. R. D. 2, Froid, Mont., Dec. 30, 

meyeesdale, PA.— During 1913 we held seven meetings, 
with eighteen active members, and an average attendance of 
eight. We quilted forty days, with an average attendance of 
ten, and made twenty-nine quilts. The average amount of 
monthly receipts was $9.70; total received from cash sales and 
donations. $116.40. We gave $2 towards helping to defray 
Bro. R. D. Murphy's expense to the International Sunday- 
school Convention, $25 for home missions, $59.80 for furnish- 
ing a room at Bethany Bible School, $5 to o; worthy brother 
and sister, $20 for our India orphan, $25 for the District Sec- 
letary, $1.24 for material; balance on hand, $3.13. Sister Ida 
Fike is Secretary-treasurer. — Ellen Barndt. President, Meyers- 
dale. Pa., Jan. 7. 

OAKLEY, ill We met In one half-day and six all-day 

meetings. During the winter months we did some of the 
sewing in the different homes. We had an average attend- 
ance of seven. Our work consisted of making garments, 
prayer-coverings, comforters and quilting. We made thirty- 
one girls' dresses, twenty-one girls' skirts, ten under gar- 
ments,, thirty-four boys' waists and four comforters. We 
quilted one quilt, for which we received $1.75. We also made 
and sold a few prayer-coverings. We purchased twenty-six 
pairs of hose, three boys' suits, eight pairs of boys' pants, and 
twelve union suits for children. We also made four comfort- 
ers. We sent all the above articles to the Kansas City Mis- 
sion. During the nine months we received $33.61, and paid 
out $33.61. We elected the following officers for the year: 
Sister Etta Stutsman, President; Sister Lizzie BUckenstaff, 
Vice-president; Sister Clara De Vault, Secretary-treasurer. — 
Clara De Vault, Oakley, 111., Jan. 1. 

OTTAWA, KAKB During 1913 our average attendance, 

right. Balance of $20.85 on hand from our former treasurer, 
and collected $20.30. We quilted and sold three quilts, do- 
nated several sacks of clothing, gave $15 ,tc our church ad- 
dition, $5 to associated charities, and $15.12 for other char- 
itable purposes. The following officers were elected for this 
year: Sister Mary Shomber, President and Secretary; Sister 
Lucy Beeghly, Superintendent and Treasurer. — Emma Devil- 
blss, 742 South Main Street, Ottawa, Kans., Jan. 11. 

UNION. IND.— During 1913 we held nineteen meetings, with 
an average attendance of nine, and an average attendance of 
ihree visitors. We made eighty-five garments, quilted four 
quilts, made two comforters, two pads, and sewed forty 
pounds of carpet rags. The society also did sewing at five 
different homes, at one dollar per day. We cleaned house for 
an aged sister, bought a sewing-machine for the society, cost- 
ing $9, and sent a Christmas box to the Chicago Mission, con- 
taining seventy-eight garments, of which forty-three were 
new and thirty-five donated. We also painted the primary 
class room at the church. We received $40.34, and have $38.65 
on hand. At our meeting, Jan. 1, we elected officers as fol- 
lows: Sister A. Laura Appleman, President; Sister Dora Hend- 
ricks, Assistant President; Sister Susie Moore, Treasurer; the 
writer, Secretary; Sister Edith Troyer, Assistant. — Lillian 
Soromen, Secretary, R. D. 6, Plymouth. Ind., Jant 7. 

WIST EEL RIVER, IND. — We herewith give our report 
f6r the year ending Dec. 31: We opened our meetings at 9 A. 
M. and closed at 3 P. M. Fourteen meetings were held, with 
an average attendance of seventeen. We close each meeting 
by reading a chapter In the Bible and by prayer. We made 
nine comforters, six quilts, and seventy-eight new garments. 
We hemmed thirteen tablecloths and fifty-six towels. We 
donated seventy-four second-hand garments, forty new gar- 
ments and two comforters to the Peru sufferers. We gave 
thirteen new garments and two comforters to the Orphans' 
Home at Mexico, Ind., and gave twenty-eight new garments, 
three comforters, and two quilts to other needy ones. We 
donated nine yards of calico, nine spools of thread, three 
quilt-tops, two comforter-tops, outing for one comforter lin- 
ing, two skeins of yarn, and two and one-half yards of ging- 
ham. We sold two comforters, four quilts and nine aprons, 
for which we received $17.90. The free-will offering was 
$21.20, and the expenses were $41.83. The amount in the 
treasury is $19.58. We reorganized Dec. 17, with Sister Re- 
becca Montel as President, and Sister Ruby Butterbaugh as 
Secretary-treasurer. — Emma Montel, Secretary, Claypool, Ind., 
Dec. 30. 



parents, Jan. S, 1914. Mr. Sidney Vann and Sister Rova Flors 
both of Overbrook. Kans. — S. J. Heckman. Overbrook, Kans. 



MA TRIMONIAL 



" What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder " . 



Marriage notices should bo accompanied by 50 cents 



Bo neon haver-Settle a. — .By the undersigned, at his residence. 
Jan. 10. 1914, Mr. Wayne Bensonhaver and Sister Marie Set- 
tles, both of Clrcleville, Ohio.— D. S. Filbrun, 954 South Pick- 
away Street Clrcleville, Ohio. 

Brubaker-Heijiy. — By the undersigned, at the home of H. 
E. Heiny. near Carleton, Nebr.. Nov. 27, 1913. Eld. Henry Bru- 
baker, of Ridgefleld, Wash., and Sister Lana Heiny, of Carle- 
ton, Nebr. — E. S. Rothrock, Carlisle, Nebr. 

Ferverda- Driver. — By the undersigned, at the home of the 
bride's parents, Jan. 1, 1914, Bro. Ray Ferverda, of Leesburg, 
Ind., and Sister Grace Driver, of Milford, Ind.-— D. M. Byerly. 
Magley, Ind. 

Fisher- Johnson. — By the undersigned, at his residence, Dec. 
31, 1913, Bro. Walter G. Fisher and Sister Laura S. Johnson, 
both of Minor, N. Dak. — D. F. Landis, 12S Walders Street, 
Minot, N. Dak. 

Irwin-Hlddleton. — By the undersigned, at his residence In 
Argos, Ind., Jan. 6. 1914, Elmer O. Irwin and Iva F. Middleton, 
both of Argos, Ind. — J. P. Hoffman, Argos, Ind. 

Bdckrode-Henault. — By the undersigned, Jan. 1, 1914, in 
Hanover, Pa., Mr. Clarence F. Rickrode and Miss Alice Hen- 
ault, both of Actonvale, Canada. — D. H. Baker, Hanover, Pa. 

Vnnn-Flora. — By the undersigned, at the home of the bride's 



FALLEN ASLEEP 



"Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord" 



Borland, Mrs. Hannah Nettle, died Nov. 26. 1913, In Wash- 
ington, D. C„ aged 36 years, 7 months and 30 days. The body 
was removed to the Mortuary Chapel, where services were 
held. Interment In the Washington cemetery. She was the 
daughter of Mr. Thomas and Mary M. Miller, of Amity, Pa. 
Her parents, one daughter, three sisters and one brother sur- 
vive. — May M. Miller, R. D. 1. Amity, Pa. 

Brower, Infant son of Brother and Sister Brower, born Dec. 
31. 1913, died Jan. 6, 1914, aged 6 days. Short services were 
held at the grave by Bro. W. D. Grove. — Peter Brower, South 
English, Iowa. 

Bryan, Bro. Oliver, born In Shelby County, Ohio, Oct. SI, 
1838, died at his home near Harlan, Mich., Dec. 31, 1913, aged 
75 years and 2 months. He was united in marriage to Lydia 
C. Copner, of Fulton County, Ind., Sept. 1. 1864. To this union 
twelve children were born. His wife, seven children and one 
brother survive. He was a kind and affectionate husband 
and father, and very patient during his sickness. He accepted 
Christ early In life, and died in the hope of a home beyond. 
Services at the Harlan church by Bro. H. A. Weller. Inter- 
ment in the cemetery near by. — Rosa E. Weller, Copemish, 
Mich. 

Cottrell, George Frank, born Sept. 10, 1855, in Darke Coun- 
ty, Ohio, died at his home, two miles southwest of Rossville. 
Ind., Jan. 6, 1914, of apoplexy, aged 58 years, 3 months and 16 
days. He had gone to his barn at about five o'clock in the 
evening, to do the chores. Sometime later his daughter found 
him lying dead just Inside the cow barn door. Nov. 26, 1876, 
he was married to Elizabeth Cripe, who died In 1883. Three 
children were born to them. Two of them survive. Feb. 20, 
1886, he was married td* Mary Ellen Reavis. Seven children 
were born to them. Three of them died In Infancy. He is 
survived by his widow, six children, three brothers and one 
sister. Services by Aaron Metzger, of Peru, Ind., and John 
Flora, of Flora, Ind., at the Old Order Brethren church, of 
which the deceased was a member. Interment in the ceme- 
tery near the church. — J. W. Vetter, Rossville, Ind. 

Crist, Bro. Jacob, died of the infirmities of old age In the 
Timberville congregation, Rockingham Co., Va„ Oct. 26, 1913, 
aged 76 years, 9 months and 22 days. Bro. Crist had been a 
resident member of the Church of the Brethren since his 
youth. He leaves four sons and three daughters. Services 
by Bro. D. H. Zlgler, assisted by J, Carson Miller. — A. C. Gar- 
ber, Timberville, Va. 

De Mercado, Mr. George, died Dec, 28, 1913, In the Saint 
Peter's Hospital, Brooklyn, N. Y., aged 48 years. For the past 
six years he and ills family attended the Brethren Mission 
church. He was a member of the Episcopalian church, but 
preferred the simple manner of our worship. He leaves a 
wife and a promising son. — J. Kurtz Miller, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Eshelman, Sister Catherine K., born in Bedford County, Pa., 
in 1837, died at her home near Altoona, Iowa, Dec. 31, 1913, 
aged 76 years, 3 months and 7 days. She was united in mar- 
riage to Jacob D. Eshelman in 1858, who died seventeen years 
ago. They moved to Iowa in 186S. Sister Eshelman united 
with the Church of the Brethren in 1S59. Of eleven children, 
seven survive. Services by the writer. — S. M. Goughnour. 
Ankeny, Iowa. 

Esther, Sister Wilhelmina, born May 4, 1824, died Dec. 7, 
1913, In Brooklyn, N. Y., aged almost 90 years. She was bap- 
tized into the Church of the Brethren April 11, 1906, by the 
writer. She seldom missed Sunday-school or any of the regu- 
lar church services. She was one of the best Bible students 
in ourtrhurch. — J. Kurtz Miller, 358 Sixtieth Street, Brooklyn, 
N. Y. 

Pager, Sister Mary, nee Gripe, bmn Oct. 26, 1836, in Ohio, 
died at the home of her son in Mlddleburg, Fla„ Dec. 27, 1913, 
aged 77 years, 2 months and 1 day. She was the second wife of 
Samuel Fager, Who preceded her twelve years ago. One daugh- 
ter also preceded her in death twenty years ago. One son and 
one brother survive her. Sister Fager was a consistent mem- 
ber of the Church of the Brethren for over fifty years. She 
was stricken with paralysis, and died five days later without 
ever regaining consciousness. Services at the residence by 
Bro. A. D. Crist, assisted by Bro. Albert Eastwood. Text, Job 
14; 14. Interment In the Mlddleburg cemetery. — C. D. Fager, 
Mlddleburg/ Fla. 

Fausnaclit, Bro. J. , J., born Feb. 24, 1S38, in Stark County, 
Ohio, died Dec. 31, 1913, near Olney, 111., aged 75 years, 10 
months, and 7 days. He was married to Mary T. Cordier, of 
Stark County, Ohio, March 25, 1858. To this union were born 
nine children. Four preceded tbelr father in death. He united 
with the Church of the Brethren about the year 1859. Serv- 
ices at the home by Bro. Dow A. RIdgley. Interment In the 
cemetery near their home.— Bertha E. Ridgely, Parkersburg, 
111. 

Flemming, Sister Lizzie, nee Fyock, widow of the late 
Robert Flemming, born Nov. 15, 1844, died Jan. 1, 1914, in the 
bounds of the Manor congregation, Pa., aged 69 "years, 1 month 
and 16 days. Sister Flemming was married to Robert Flem- 
ming Jan. 3, 1861. Her husband died Nov. 29, 1867. She Is 
survived by one daughter. Three sons preceded her. Sister 
Flemming was a member of the Brethren church for about 
forty years. Services in the Brethren church at Penn Run. 
Interment In the Brethren cemetery, two miles distant. — Nora 
M. Myers, R. D. 3, Clymer, Pa, 

Grlbbens, Paul Eldin, second child of Brother and Sister 
Melvin Grlbbens. born Feb. 15, 1913, died Dec. 30, 1913, at the 
home of his parents in Eagle Township, Hancock Co., Ohio, 
aged 10 months and 14 days. Services in the Eagle Creek 
church (where the bereft parents are faithful attendants and 
devoted worshipers) by Eld. J. R. Spacht and the pastor of 
tills congregation. Text, 2 Cor. 4; 8. Interment near the 
church. — Jesse J. Anglemyer, Wllliamstown, Ohio. 

Kitchel, Jeanette Lucile, daughter of Edgar and Sister Mary 
Kitchel, born Sept. 22, 1906, died Dec. 22, 1913, aged 7 years 
and 3 months. Although she was only a child (her first year 
in school), her njlnd was developed beyond her age. Services 
in the M. E. church by the undersigned, assisted by the M. 
E. Pastor. — Jacob Cripe, R. D. 13, Galveston, Ind. 

McMasters, Bro. Thomas G-, born Aug. 14, 1858, died Dec. 
31, 1913, aged 65 years, 4 months and 17 days. He had a 
stroke, from the effects of which he passed away five days 
later. Bro. McMasters united with the Church of the Breth- 
re in his younger days, and lived ever loyal. He served in 
tjie deacon's office for some years, but was later called to the 
ministry, and finally advanced td the second degree. We have 
lost a faithful brother. Interment in the Chest Creek ceme- 
tery near the church. — A. R. Kitchen, Westover, Pa. 

Metzger, Bro. Jacob B., born May 7, 1842, died of Bright's 
disease at his home in New Enterprise, Bedford County, Pa., 
Jan. 5, 1914, aged 71 years, 7 months and 28 days. He was a 
life-long resident of Morrison's Cove, and a member of the 
Church of the Brethren since early manhood, serving faith- 
fully as a deacon for about thirty years. He was married to 
Catherine Dllling who, with four sons and three daughters, 
survives" him. Services at the New Enterprise church by 
Brethren D. T. Detweiler and L. F. Holsinger. Text, Heb. 13: 
14. Interment in the cemetery near by. — Victoria Replogle, 
New Enterprise, Pa. 

Morris, Sister Mary, died at her home near the Mill Creek 
church, Va., Dec. 19, 1913, aged about 53 years. She was a 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 24, 1914. 



63 



faithful member of the Church of the Brethren for a number 



f years. 



Her husband and five children survive. Sei 



kid. Joseph Pence. Interment in the Mill Creek cemetery. 
!!ipeari M. Showalter. North River, Va. 

KTicbter, Bro. Philip, born in Kur Hessen, Germany. May l. 
1S34. d' ed Dec - "• 1913 - aned 79 years, 7 months and 2-1 days. 
July H- I 852 - he - With nls parents, his brother and sister, 
embarked at Bremerhaven. Germany, and seven weeks later 
landed In Baltimore. They worked their way to the Shenan- 
doah Valley. Va., and in a few years became acquainted with 
Eld John Harshbarger In this congregation. Bro. Nlchter 
and his parents were baptized by Bro. Harshbnrger in 1S57. 
and he remained a valiant soldier of the cross for fifty-six 
vears. His wife preceded him several years ago. Interment 
in the Mill Creek cemetery. Services by Elders Joseph Pence 
and C. E. Long. — Pearl Showalter, North River, Va. 

Banc*, Sister Mary, died Dec. 31, 1913, in the bounds of the 
Lower Cumberland congregation. Pa., aged 64 years, 9 months 
and 19 days. She was united in marriage to Isaac Ranck, who 
preceded her to the spirit world some years ago. Sister Ranck 
was a member of the Church of the Brethren over forty 
^ears, and continued faithful unto the end. Services at her 
home'at Boiling Springs by Bro. J. A. Miller. Text, Rev. 14: 
13. Interment at the church in town, In the Mouitf Zion ceme- 



tery.- 



. W. Galley, 420 West Main Street, Mechanlcsburg, Pa. 



Burt, Mr. Christian, died at Hanover, Pa,, Jan. 1, 1914, in 
his seventy-third year. He is survived by his widow and one 
son. Services by Mr. A. M. Hlleman (Lutheran) and Bro. D. 
H. Baker. — W. B. Harlacher, Hanover, Pa. 

Satterfield, Albert Leroy, Infant son of Brother and Sister 
Theodore Satterfield. died Dec, 31, 1913, aged 3 months and 
15 days. Services by the writer at the house on New Tear's 
Day. Text, Zech. 8: 5. — B. F. Hochstetler, Glenford, Ohio. 

Sawyer, Sister Elizabeth, nee Hoover, born in Stark County, 
Ohio. Jan. 3, 1827, died near Lake City, Mich., Jan. 1, 1914, 
aged 87 years, 11 months and 28 days. She was married to 
John Sawyer in 1851. To their union were born seven chil- 
dren, four of whom have preceded her. Sister Sawyer, with 
her husband, united with the Church of the Brethren many 
years ago, and lived faithfully. Bro. Sawyer died nine years 
ago, since which time our sister has lived among her chil- 
dren. Services at the Blue River Church, Whitley County, 
Ind., by the writer. Text, John 11: 28. Interment in the 
Salem cemetery, near Wllmot, Ind. — Walter Swfhart, Churu- 
b'usco, Ind. 

Shade, Sister ^lary, nee Wolf, born In Darke County, Ohio. 
Nov. 24, 1826, died Dec. 31, 1913. aged 87 years, 1 month and 
27 days. In 1844 she was united In marriage to John Shade, 
who preceded her to the spirit world In 1858. She united with 
the Church of the Brethren about thirty-seven years ago, and 
lived f-iithful. She leaves one son and one daughter. Serv- 
ices at the Oakland church by. Eld. J. H. Christian. — S. A. 
Overholser, Bradford, Ohio. 

Shaffer, Sister Clara Grace, wife of Eld, J. J. Shaffer, Ber- 
lin, Pa., born in Somerset County, Pa., April 27. 1875. died 
near the place of her birth Dec. 7, 1913, aged 38 years, 7 
months and 10 days. Two days later interment was made in 
the Brotherton cemetery near the meetinghouse, in which the 
services were conducted by the writer. Text, Psa. 16: 11. 
She was the daughter of Eld. Samuel F. Relman, who was 
called to his reward seventeen years ago. She united with 
the Church of the Brethren early in life, and was always a 
consistent member of the church. On Christmas Eve, 1899, 
she was united in marriage to Bro. Shaffer, and was a faith- 
ful wife and true helpmate in the ministry. With her force 
of character and consecration to the Lord, she wielded an In- 
fluence for good in church work. She managed the household 
affairs with such ease and success that her husband never de- 
clined any Macedonian call. Besides her husband, she is 
survived by her aged mother, Sister Rebecca Relman, two 
brothers, one sister (all of whom live near and are members 
of the church), and her three sons and three daughters. One 
son also gave his heart early, to the Lord. Sister Shaffer was 
held in high esteem by those who knew her. She will be much 
missed. — w. M. Howe, 1012 Bedford Street. Johnstown, Pa. 

Smith, Harry, a son of Brack and Susanna (Four man) 
Smith, died at the Miami Valley Hospital, Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 
30, 1913. aged 18 years, 5 months and 23 days. He had a 
severe attack of appendicitis Dec. 20. Dec. 24 the doctors 
deemed it advisable to have a surgical operation. After five 
more days of suffering the spirit took Its flight. Services 
in the home near Union, Ohio, and at Abbottsville, by Eld. J. 
W. Fldler, assisted by the writer. Text, John 11: 35. His 
loving parents, two brothers and five sisters survive. — Wm. 
Minnich, Greenville, Ohio. 

Spacht, Florence Catharine, second daughter of Brother and 
Sister Mark Spacht, born in Wayne County, Ohio, July 2, 1913, 
died in the same county Dec. 28, 1913, aged 5 months and 26 
days. This babe never enjoyed good health. Interment at 
WllUamstown, Ohio. Services by their former pastor. Text, 
"Jesus wept" (John 11: 35). — Jesse J. Anglemyer, Williams- 
town, Ohio. 

Strayer, Sister Ida, wife of Mr. Chas. Strayer, died at her 
home near Bermudlan, Pa.. Aug. 11, 1913. aged 40 years, 6 
months and 18 days. She was buried at the Latimore church, 
near York Springs. Services by Eld. C. L. Baker, assisted by 
Bro. W. G. Group. — Nellie I. Baker, East Berlin, Pa. 

Thomas, Sister Almeda, born in Iowa May 19, 1898. died of 
consumption at the home of her uncle and aunt, Mr, and Mrs. 
S. L. Burger, Empire, Cal., Dec. 16, 1913. She was the daugh- 
ter of W. H. and Jennie Thomas, but was bereft of her par- 
ents when she was three years old. Since that time she made 
her home with her uncle, She united with the Church of the 
Brethren at the age of ten years. She was a noble Christian 
woman. Two brothers, her uncle and aunt survive her. A 
few weeks before her death, she asked to be anointed. Serv- 
ices at the Empire church by Bro. J. C. Seibert. Text, John 
11: 28. Interment in the Modesto cemetery.— Hattie B. Dear- 
dorff, R. D. 3, Modesto, Cal. 

Trostle, Bro. John A., died at his home near Bermudlan, 
Pa.. Dec. 16, 1913, of paralysis, aged 68 years, 7 months and 
27 days. He was a deacon in the church and also a trustee, 
as well as a Sunday-school superintendent. He was active 
in church work. His wife and twelve children survive. In- 
terment and services at the Latimore meetinghouse by Eld- 
ers C. L. Baker and W. G. Group. — Nellie I. Baker, East Ber- 
lin, Pa. 

Weaver, Bro. David, died Nov. 26, 1913, at the home of his 
son-ln-Iaw, Mr. Miller, near Heldlersburg, Adams Co, Pa,, 
aged 81 years, 11 months and 27 days. He was a consistent 
member of the Church of the Brethren for many years. He 
is survived by his wife and two daughters and one son. In- 
terment at the Hampton meetinghouse. Services by Elders 
C. L. Baker and W. G. Group. — Nellie I. Baker, East Berlin, 
Pa. 

Wright, Bro. Wilford. son of Isaac and Clara Wright, born 
in Cambria County, Pa., June 10, 1894,' was killed Jan. 5, 1914. 
He made his home with his grandparents, Brother Jacob and 
Susan Fyock. He was employed by the railroad company. 
While crossing a track to inspect a train, he was hit by the 
Mercantile Express. Elders David Hildebrand and J. H. Cas- 
sady conducted the funeral services. Bro. Cassady preached 
from Matt. 11: 28-30. — David C. Ribblett, R. D. 2, Johnstown, 
Pa. * • 

Zelgler, Sister Mary, died at the home of her son-in-law, 
Eld. W. G. Group, near York Springs, Pa.. Dec. 1, 1913, aged 
66 years. 7 months and 24 days. She passed away suddenly, 
of heart failure. She lived a beautiful Christian life, and al- 
ways seemed to enjoy the church services. One daughter sur- 
vives. Her husband died ten years ago. She was buried at 
the Latimore meetinghouse. Services by Elders C. C. Brown 
and S. S. Miller. — Nellie I. Baker, East Berlin, Pa. 



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The Annual Meeting 

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Christ*8 sermon on the mount. ■ 



16 * The land of Zab'u-lon, and the 
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16 'The people which eat in dark- 
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3 6 Blessed are the poor in spirit: 
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5 d Blessed are the meek : for * they 
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64 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 24, 1914. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. Dec. 1 Bro. J. M. Mohler, of Mechanicsburg, Pa., came 

Editorial, nere to begin a revival, which continued two _ weeks. 

Sister Mary N. Qulnter (D. L. M.) 57 There were six accessions to the church. Bro. Mohler 

l.ov.- (••(•asl in theSunnySouth (J. rL M.), ............57 M s { doctrinal lines. His 

Our Visit to tin- Foreign Mission b lelUB. — No. H (H. U. & J . » 

E _) 58 work was much appreciated by all. The meetings closed 

Which i« the Better Way «3. M.)7 58 with a Iove feast on Lord's Day evening. About 100 com- 

K«eplnK Out of Dent tJ. H. M.) 58 . 

muned. The house was well filled, and a large number 

^'^'■'iTby Association. By Paul Mohler 50 of people were turned away because of a lack of room. 

Arrival of the New Missionaries. By Kathryn Ziegler, 50 Bro. Mohler officiated, assisted by Brethren I. J. Rosen- 

b 0t t£" d H V^! fe - M y ^"3^ e K* n :' "bO'b "i "rr«ik'Bl berger, Jacob Coppock and U. R. McCorkle. On account 
McPni'i'sfni College, HcPhereon, Kans. By 1<j. ]-. urniK, hi ... t, „ , , „ ,. , 

Some Suggestions. By JobD Woodard , 51 of sickness, Bro. Mohler was called home immediately 

Thoughts on the Sacraments.— No 4 By H J. Harnly, 52 after the CO mmunion service. By the unanimous vote of 

The bast Hour: A Warning. By Rufus M. Reed 62 , ,, „- . . , ,, .. 

Sunday-school Normal of Northwestern Ohio. By Mary the congregation (as taken by the official board), the 

L. Cook 52 writer was requested to continue the meetings one week 

Vl.lt ing Sunday-sehools. By Ezra Flory 68 , ongfir Hfi did ^ and the interest cont j nue <] to grow. 

Th ° Srv-^hoo'rinstltute of the First District of Vlr- The house was wel1 filled - Eluding the gallery. As a 

glula. L. C. Coffman. Poor In Spirit. — Ezra Flory. A result three more united with the church. Had it not 

Voice from the Southwest.— Lucinda Stutsman. How b for th a p proaching holidays, we would have con- 

l>»en It Feel to Do Less?— M. M. Eshelman. God « ^f b / ' 

Strokes.— Ida M. Helm. Faith.— H. U. Chrlntner. Sun- tinued longer. The good work at Sidney is prospering not 

day-school Lesson for Feb. l 5-1 on |y j n numbers, but a higher spiritual living, generally, 

Hom« and Family,— is realized. S. Z. Smith. 

Homeless Ones.-Dr. S. B: Miller. .. ...66 g.^^ q^ ^ ^ 



NOTES NOT CLASSIFIED 



Tairfax church met In council Jan. 10. Eld. I. M. Nen* pre- 
sided. The solieltorH made a report of alt the collections, and 
the Aid Society gave a report of their work. Our KunHuy- 
achool reported an enrollment of 150, with an average attend- 
ance of ninety-seven. Our chureh is anticipating the building 
of u new house of worship at Bull Run, a mission point In 
this, congregation. The place Is not far from the famous Bull 
Kun battle- Held. Eld. I. M. NelT's time, as our elder in charge, 
having expired, he was unanimously reelected for a term of 
two years. The writer was reelected church correspondent. 
Un Sunday morning Installation services were conducted by 
BrO, W. li. Sanger. The superintendents, teachers, and their 
assistants, with all other officers of the Sunday-school were 
Installed Into office. The Sunday-school, desiring to start a 
home department, placed the matter Into the hands of the Aid 
Society, which elected the writer as superintendent, and Sls- 
torfl Stella Bowman. Mlrtie Wright, Sallie Biennamen and Lula 
Kune us helpers, — Kate S. MUer, Oakton, Va., Jan. li. 

Book Crook church met In council Dec. 20. Bro. J. \V. Mil- 
ler presided. Two were received by letter and two leltera 
have been granted since our last council. Officers elected lor 
one year are as follows: Bro. J. W. Miller, foreman; Bro. 
Ephraim Gvrdes, clerk; Sister Rebecca Gerdes, missionary 
solicitor and Messenger correspondent. — Rebecca H, Gerdes, 
R. D. 5, Morrison, 111., Jan. 1(5. 

Stanley. — Bio. G. L. Fruit, of Viola. Wis., presided at our 
last quarterly council, Jan. 3, as Bro. J. G. Royer's substitute. 
Bro. Royer had been previously selected as our elder for 1914. 
The ground here Is barely covered with snow. We have had 
no rnin since last October, no storms. Coldest weather up to 
Jan. 10 was one below. Last night the temperature went 
down to thirteen below. Sunshine today. — A. Mock, Stanley. 
Wis., Jan. 12. 

Upper Coiloruu — Our congregation reelected Bro. J. I. 
Uaugher ils superintendent of the Sunday-school for the en- 
suing year, with Bro. George Wernen reelected as secretary. 
A singing class, numbering about seventy members, was or- 
ganized at tills place. The class Is making fine progress, un- 
der the able instruction of Bro. Witmer, of Hanovpr, Pa. We 
decided to hold our love feast May 9, beginning at 10 A. M. — 
N, S. Sellers, Brodbecks, Pa., Jan. 14. 

Botliol.— Our church met In council Jan. 10. Brethren L. T. 
Holslnger, D. E. Bowman, C. C. Retry and our elder, Bro. J. 
W. Rarlck, were with us. New officers for this year were 
elected. Bro. J. W. Rarlck was chosen elder in charge; Bro. 
,i. E. Fhvnt, secretary -treasurer; the writer, Messenger corre- 
spondent. We will have our love feast May 1G, at 7 P. M., 
and also one in the fall, Oct. 3, at 6: 30 P. M. Bro. Rarlck re- 
mained with us over Sunday, and preached morning and even- 
ing. Our Sunday-school still continues with growing Interest. 
— Anna Neptune, Connersvllle, Ind., Jan. 17. 



SIDNEY, OHIO. 

New Year's Day was one of special note at our place. 
Our people are largely factory people, and New Year 
was a holiday for them. By reason of continued growth, 
our quarters are getting too small for Sunday-school 
and church services. A few years ago the same need was 
felt. At that time the brethren banded together and 
built two rooms in the basement for Sunday-school pur- 
poses. Now even those are filled to overflowing. 

I have a class of young men, with nearly forty en- 
rolled, and our room is too small to accommodate them 
comfortably. Then, too, we realize the need of giving 
our room to the primary classes, which also have made a 
large increase. Our class then proposed to build a larger 
room at the other end of the basement, to accommodate 
moVe than fifty. 3o, on New Year's Day, early in the 
morning, quite a number of young men gathered with 
the necessary tools. A few teams from the country were 
brought to do the hauling. In the evening all felt that 
1914 was well begun. 

A number of these young men have purchased homes 
•in our city on the installment plan, and are struggling 
to make their living as best they can. For this reason 
we should recognize the value of their self-sacrificing ef- 
forts. If you could be here and see the problem as it 
really is. I know you would greatly admire their readi- 
ness to help. 

Now, these young men have obligated themselves for 
the cost of this improvement, which will amount to con- 
siderable. I should like to appeal to the good brethren 
and sisters within our State District, who have been 
favored so abundantly with the temporal blessings of life, 
to furnish the necessary means for the seating of this 
room, after the young men get it completed. We should 
like to secure plain folding seats, such as are used at 
auditoriums and at the late Conference. 

1 notice that there has been no report made of our 
series of meetings and love feast. On the evening of 



FRUITA, COLORADO. 

Our church met in council Jan. 2, with Eld. S. Z. Sharp 
presiding. Bro. A. L. Gnagey was reelected church clerk; 
Bro. Seth Keller, chosen treasurer; Bro. F. L. Baker, chor- 
ister; Sister Nora Burkett, Messenger agent; the writer, 
correspondent. Missionary and Temperance Committees 
were also elected. Sister Effie Gnagey was chosen Sunday- 
school superintendent, and Sister Clara Gnagey, secretary. 
Our Christian Workers' Society was organized, with Bro. 
David Brubaker as president. We also have a real wide- 
awake Sisters' Aid Society, which is doing much good in 
a quiet way. Sister J. H. Rutt is President, and Sister 
Helena Waltz is Secretary-treasurer. 

Bro. N. F. Brubaker returned to his home at Fruita, 
after an absence of several months on a preaching tout 
through points in Kansas, Missouri and Oklahoma. Broth- 
er Henry Brubaker and wife stopped with us over two 
Sundays on their way to Oregon. He preached three good 
sermons for us. We welcome any members, passing this 
way, to stop with us. Our churchhouse is located in town, 
with a goodly number of members surrounding it. Our 
committee on securing a minister, to conduct a revival 
for us, would like to correspond with any minister who 
contemplates making a trip tins way. Address O. J. 
Bolinger, Fruita, Colo. J. A. Austin. 

Fruita, Colo., Jan. 5. 



LORAMIE, OHIO. 

Dec. 13 we met in members" meeting, Bro. Jacob Cop- 
•pock presiding. He has been with his sick daughter in 
the South, the greater part of the summer and fall, and his 
homecoming was an inspiration to the workers here. 
Brethren U. R. and L. C. McCorkle were appointed to se- 
cure a minister to conduct revival meetings for us next 
winter. Brethren Frank Ward, Nathan Cromas and 1.. 
C. McCorkle were appointed as a Temperance Committee; 
the writer, correspondent; Sister Mae Carpenter, reelected 
clerk and Messenger agent; Sister Clara Souders, reelected 
treasurer. 

On Christmas Day our primary scholars, with a few of 
the young men and ladies, rendered a good program, after 
which the school was given a Christmas treat. Dec. 28 
we reorganized our Sunday-school. Bro. Is C. McCorkle 
was reelected superintendent, and Bro. Clarence Helman 
secretary. The outlook for our school is very good. We 
are maintaining a Bible class, with Bro. Earl Helman as 
president. He is a successful leader. We are very fortunate 
in having as our resident pastor, Bro. U. R. McCorkle,. who 
is giving his time free of all charges. He Is a man who 
seeks first the kingdom of heaven. 

Jan. 4 a Tri-township Sunday-school Convention was 
held at the Oran Christian church. Bro. U. R. McCorkle 
has been President of this movement for two years. After 
the evening program, Brother and Sister McCorkle sang 
a line temperance song. (Mrs.) Minnie McCorkle. 

R. D. 1, Dawson, Ohio. Jan. 7. 



BLUE RIDGE COLLEGE BIBLE INSTITUTE. 

The Annual Bible Institute of Blue Ridge College will open 
Saturday, Jan. 31, at 10 A. M„ and will continue until Feb. 8. 
The daily instruction will cover but five days. There will be 
six periods each day. — three in Ihe morning and three in the 
afternoon. Each Saturday will be devoted to special pro- 
grams, during which vital problems will be discussed. 

Eld. Wm. Howe, pastor of the church at Johnstown, Pa., will 
give instruction each day, one period on the Book of Ephe- 
sians. and one period on the Book of Job. Bro. Howe will 
:.tso have charge of the evening services. 

The writer will give one period each day to the subjects of 
"Prayer" and "The Holy Spirit," and one period to the Sun- 
day-school Lessons for 1914. 

Sister Anna Snader will devote one period each day to the 
subject of "Bible and Hymn Reading." Perhaps no one thing 
needs greater cultivation in ministerial and Sunday-school 
workers than the ability to select appropriate scriptures and 
hymns, and read them in an impressive manner. 

One period each day will be given to Inspirational talks. 

A time has been selected when ministers, Sunday-school 
workers, and others, interested in Bible study, can best arrange 
their work at home, so as to spend a short season with us in 
the study of the Bible. 

We are sure you will want to be with us and enjoy these 
" seasons of refreshing from the presence of the Lord." 

New Windsor, Md., Jan. 17. H. R. Garner. 



Church Manual 

By H. B. Brumbaugh. 

This work contains the declaration of faith, 
parliamentary rulings, burial services, and 
treats on taking the oath, temperance, non- 
conformity to the world, and other subjects; 
in fact it will be found very helpful in many 
ways to all. 

Elders, pastors, deacons, Sunday-school 
workers and lay members should have a copy 
for handy reference. 

Bound in limp cloth. 64 pages. 
Price, 15 cents 

BRETHREN PUBLISHING HOUSE 
» Elgin, Illinois 



The New 
Universal Self-Pronouncing 

DICTIONARY 

This book is based up- 
on the solid foundation 
laid by Noah Webster 
and other lexicographers, 
thoroughly modernized by 
Charles Morris. In con- 
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of contents, logical ar- 
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Among the noteworthy 
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It Contains All the 

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including many new 
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Words Are Divided Into Syllables. 

The Proper Use of Capital and Small Letters 
is clearly indicated. 

The Pronunciation of Each Word is shown by 
a clear and properly accented system of phonetic 
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The Synonyms and Antonyms are given with 
the words themselves following the definitions. 

Each Word and Its Derivatives are separately 
indexed instead 01 the suffix words and prefix 
words being crowded in with the definitions. 

The Book contains 1,000 pages in large clear 
type. 

Price, postpaid, $1.35 

BRETHREN PDBUSHI5G HOUI1 
Elgin, Illinois 




Finger Posts •■ Life's Highway 

Showing How to Succeed in Life 

By JOHH T. DALB 

A new book full of pointers which point in the 
right direction. A book for the young, the middle 
aged and the old. 



The purpose of the author, in gathering the 
material, during many years, was to assist those 
who are striving to gain character, intellectual 
power, business success, and merited esteem of 
their fellowmen. Out of a long and varied ex- 
perience he has been able to collect into this vol- 
ume more than one hundred articles on that 
many different subjects, touching human life from 
almost every possible angle. It is not a novel 
nor a story, nor yet a long and dry treatise upon 
some abstract subject, but a collection of articles 
on everyday topics, written in language and style 
easy to be understood, making the points so clear 
that the way of a truly successful and happy life 
is more easily found. The book abounds in words 
of wisdom, caution and warning. 



We have great hopes for the sale of this book, 
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ers be interested in taking an agency for it, write 
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book contains 620 pages, bound in cloth. Illus- 
trated. Will be sent to any address, postpaid, for 
$1.50. 



BRETHREN PUBLISHING HOUSE, 
Elgin. Illinois. 



The Gospel Messenger 



"SET FOR THE DEFENSE OF THE GOSPEL."— Philpp. 1: 17. 



Vol. 63. 



Elgin, 111., January 31, 1914. 



No. 5. 



AROUND THE WORLD 



Saloons and Industrial Efficiency. 
With logical reasoning, as to the inevitable evil results 
of the saloon, when in close contact with a factory district, 
the American Foundrymen's Association has started what 
it calls a " Back with the Saloon" movement. It demands 
the same consideration for the best interests of factories 
that in most cities is already accorded to schools and 
churches, — absolute prohibition of the saloon adjacent to 
these centers of activity. The foundrymen say that church 
and school attendants are really not as much endangered 
by the saloon as the industrial establishments are, and in 
the interest of increased efficiency and greater immunity 
from accidents they request that saloons be kept as far 
away from factories as possible. Their request is a rea- 
sonable one, and should be honored. 



Remembering the Departed Ones. 
An eastern church has a special service, annually, in 
memory of those who, during the preceding twelve 
months, have crossed the silent river. The pastor reads 
the names of the departed ones, — the audience standing 
meanwhile, — and then gives a brief sketch of each. The 
simple service is closed by singing, "There Is a Land of 
Pure Delight." While thinking about this very appropri- 
ate commemoration of those who have " gone before," 
we were impressed with the entire fitness of such a serv- 
ice. Love and interest in those who have left the shores 
of time surely should amply justify a few words of tender 
remembrance. Then, too, such a service of hallowed 
reminiscences might well awaken, within the living, a 
greater desire for "consecration and a more devoted life, 



Intemperance and Divorce. 
Never before has the direct bearing of intemperance 
upon divorce been as graphically demonstrated as in the 
report of the Chicago Court of Domestic Relations for the 
past year. This tribunal deals with divorces alone, and 
the judges study each case before them in the light of 
t borough knowledge and understanding. The result of 
their investigations seems to indicate that at least forty- 
six out of every hundred applications are due to drink. 
While love and tender affection may characterize most 
marital unions at the start, the demon of drink will soon 
produce such a degree of domestic infelicity, and even 
want and suffering, as to militate against a further contin- 
uance of the marriage relation. Liquor is the foe of all 
that is best in life, and the sacredness of the. home is no 
barrier to its encroachments. 



War's Destruction. 
A striking illustration of the "terrible human waste in 
War is furnished by the census just taken of the new Bul- 
garian territories, acquired by conquest. The rriale por- 
tion of that section of Macedonia, allotted to Bulgaria, was 
reduced, during the progress of hostilities, from 175,000 to 
42,500. In Bulgarian Thrace-only 225,000 males, out of a 
total of 494,000, living there before the war, survive. Most 
fatal, however, appears the destructive power of war, as 
wrought in the district of Mustapha Pasha, where fighting 
waged long and fierce and where .only 4,000 males are 
left out of 33,000. When we remember that most of 'those 
slain were the very flower of manhood in its strength and 
vigor, the loss to the countries in question is beyond all 
computation. And all this to satisfy man's ambition for 
the empty honors of the gory battle-field. 



A Plea for Peace. 
Amid the unceasing clamor for additional battleships 
and enlarged armies, it is really refreshing to note the 
increasing number of those who behold visions of better 
days, and who would fain direct alhmankind into the path- 
way of peace. The British poet. Albert Noyes, speaking 
of last year's progress, pertinently says: "To my mind 
the most significant event of 1913 was only threatened, and 
has not really happened at all, — the armed intervention 
of the United States in Mexican affairs. It is a great 
example to the rest of the world, and a distinct rebuff 
to the sinister forces that have s.p often plunged an un- 
suspecting nation into war for their own profit. Already, 
— as always happens on the appearance of a moral leader, 
— Europe is beginning to follow the United States on this 
question. It would be a disaster to humanity if the 
United States should falter on her steady progress toward 
the sublime leadership of the world." There is much to 
think about in the words of Mr. Noyes. If our nation is 
to be "a great example to the rest of the world," there is 



a solemn responsibility entrusted to her that she can not 
shirk. Nay, each citizen of our land owes it to his country 
and to his God to be a promoter of peace in every pos- 
sible way. Were the Christian forces of our land to be 
wholly on the side of peace,— in thought, word and action, 
— the next decade might witness a new era of national 
and' even international amity, the like of which humanity 
has never as yet realized. Let there be peace! 



China's Awakening. 

Recent reports from the great republic of the Orient 
indicate that the intellectual awakening surpasses, in its 
magnitude, anything that has ever occurred in so short a 
time during any period of the world's history. Buddhist 
and Confucian temples arc being deserted, and schools are 
being founded on a scale ten times larger than accredited 
to those founded at the time of the awakening in Europe. 
Then, too, Christianity is securing many of China's best 
sons and daughters. One of the Christian converts is vice- 
president of the republic, and sixty of the senators and 
representatives are faithful Christians. Under the tree 
where forty-six missionaries were beheaded during the 
Boxer rebellion, Mr. G. S. Eddy, a devoted missionary, 
recently addressed a most enthusiastic evangelistic meet- 
ing, at which a wonderful outpouring of the Spirit was 

plainly manifest. 

A Good Movement. 

Kansas is noted for so many good things -that one is 
not greatly surprised to see a new claimant for our sin- 
cere admiration. Recently many of the young women of 
the "Sunflower State" organized themselves into what 
they call a " Good Habits Club," the members nf which 
positively decline the attention of any young men who 
drink, smoke, gamble, or use profane language. This con- 
spicuous display of good sense on the part of the young 
ladies of Kansas, has already resulted in the adoption of 
a like program by communities in other Stales, and the 
commendable effect is seen in cleaner lives, and a more 
exalted manhood. If the young women of our laud would 
realize that it is within their power to exert a mighty in- 
fluence for good among the young men of their imme- 
diate neighborhood, there would be less indulgence in 
habits that enslave and degrade. By all means, let good 
habits be fostered! 



How Bible Knowledge Helped. 
Truth is ever stranger than fiction, and this is verified 
in a recent occurrence. It appears that one of Mr. John 
D. Rockefeller's trusted employes is not only a Bible stu- 
dent, but one who reasons as to the whys and wherefores 
of things. One day, in thinking about the Bible account 
of the infant Moses, he was struck by the careful prepara- 
tion of the ark by the child's mother. The water-tight 
covering of the little craft, by its coating of pitch, ar-' 
rested his special attention, and he exclaimed, " Where 
there is pitch there must be oil somewhere close by. Why 
not investigate? " An expert was sent to that part of 
Egypt, and ere long returned with a favorable report. At 
once steps were taken for the drilling of oil wells, and 
now three of Rockefeller's oil producers are furnishing 
the Land of the Pharaohs with the valuable product. 
Strange it is, however, that a random thought of the 
little ark's pitch covering should have paved the way for 
the establishment of a great American industry in the 
Land of the Nile. 

China Threatened by a Secret Order. 
That the hidden machinations of secret orders are, at 
times, conducive to very grave complications, may not be 
as evident in the United States as in the far eastern coun- 
tries, though even here the sinister influence of these 
orders is seen in various ways. The Chinese Government 
has just unearthed information of a powerful secret order 
of distinctly revolutionary tendencies, known as the 
"New Tung Men Hui " (New Alliance Party), and 
pledged by solemn oaths to overthrow President Yuan 
Shih Kai's administration. The order has already gained 
a membership of more than 100,000, and with its head- 
quarters at Tokyo, Japan, and Tsingtao, China, bids fair 
to be a serious menace to the stability of the present ad- 
ministration. Then, too, the organization is affiliated with 
the Manchu malcontents and the robber chief " White 
Wolf," who is terrorizing southern Hunan. The society's 
regulations decree death for any member who reveals its 
secrets, and also demand the same retribution for his en- 
tire family. It is charged that this severe penalty renders 
the apprehension of these plotters against established law 
and order extremely difficult, and so far but little has been 
accomplished to bring about their effective suppression. 



Health and Efficiency. 
While it is a generally-accepted fact that good health of 
the body is an important factor in real efficiency, it 
should not be forgotten that spiritual health is even more 
essential. This thought was forcibly impressed upon us 
while reading an account of a recent address by Dr. John 
Timothy Stone to a gathering of Chicago's leading busi- 
ness men. The speaker, in urging spiritual health as an 
essential factor of business efficiency, maintained that the 
devitalization and mental breakdown of business men are 
generally due to the incessant strain upon their energies. 
This, he claims, might be greatly mitigated, and often 
entirely avoided, were there a disposition to give free 
course to the gentle ministrations of the Spirit. Dr. 
Stone argues,— and rightly too,— that highest physical 
health can not be attained without the vital power of 
religion as a soothing and revivifying influence, and that 
both physical and spiritual health are, therefore, pre- 
requisites to husinesss success. 



Mohammedans Study the Bible. 
Nothing is more remarkable than the recent manifesta- 
tions of awakening interest Tor the Bible in Mohammedan 
lands. Dr. W. E, Geil, an American explorer and writer, 
has just concluded a tour of Asia Minor and Egypt, where 
he went to study educational and religious conditions. 
He visited the American colleges at Assiout, the American 
Robert College in Constantinople, and the Syrian-Amer- 
ican College at Beyrout, and found that the Mohammedan 
students arc so anxious to obtain the benefits of a Chris- 
tian education, that only a small portion of the many 
applicants can be accommodated. In one college Dr. Geil 
found Bulgarians, Servians, Montenegrins, Greeks and 
Turks, — all pervaded by the one common desire of ac- 
quiring a knowledge nf English, and, still more so, to 
gain a knowledge of the Bible. The remarkable eager- 
ness of Moslem parents to educate their daughters, also 
shows a breaking away from old traditions, and the 
dawn of a new era for Mohammedan womanhood. Truly, 
the "Sun of Righteousness" is illuminating the East. 



Religion That Can Be Grasped. 

Just now, when thousands of unemployed men are 
crowding Chicago's streets, — hungry, homeless and hope- 
less, — great suffering is only mitigated by the large hearts 
and open hands of willing helpers. With the hope of 
assisting at least some of the many unfortunate ones, 
Pastor Daniel Johnston Myers, of Immanuel Baptist 
Church, is giving a very literal rendering of Matt, 25: 35, 
in the roomy basement of his church each morning. An ' 
ample supply of coffee and buttered bread constitutes the 
breakfast, and then Pastor Myers gets close to his au- 
dience—often numbering 1,000, — in a heart-to-heart talk. 
A number of assistants at once follow with a close in- 
vestigation of each man's capabilities and needs, and a 
strong effort is made to help each man in some way. 
These men could not, perhaps, readily grasp a deep then- 
logical truth, were it, in the usual way, presented to them. 
They do recognize, however, the sincere spirit of help- 
fulness, which, inspired by Christ's blessed teachings, is 
so very concretely demonstrated to them as to be readily 

grasped. 

Life-Giving Waters, 

While Great Britain's resourceful engineers have done 
much for the land of Egypt, by the irrigation systems re- 
cently completed, work has just been commenced on an- 
other great scheme to reclaim, by irrigation, vast tracts of 
the desert in the Soudan. Such an enlargement of the 
agricultural area will doubtless add enormously to the 
cotton output for the British Empire. The tract to be 
watered is known as the Gizra territory, lying between 
the White and Blue Niles, below Khartoum, and consists 
uf 1,500,000 acres. The force and flow of the two rivers 
are sufficient to water the entire district, when properly 
harnessed. Two dams are to be built south of Khartoum, 
one over each of the rivers. Thus the tract between the 
streams will be irrigated, while, at the same time, the force 
of the water flowing into Egypt will be controlled. By 
adequate regulation of the ample water supply of the 
Nile, still other adjacent districts are to be brought under 
cultivation, adding large tracts of the most fertile land. 
Since the marvelous possibilities of the Nile are being fully 
realized, a wonderful transformation is likely to be 
wrought in all the country touched by its life-giving 
waters. What a striking picture of the still more won- 
derful waters of salvation, which, as foretold by 'the proph- 
et, shall eventually spring forth from beneath Jerusalem's 
altar, and become a mighty and universal means for the 
healing of the nations! 



(V, 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 31, 1914. 



ESSAYS 


Study t 


o shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth 
to be ashamed, rightly dividing the Word of Truth 



The Tree of Life. 

11Y JAS. A. SELL, 

"And he shewed mo a pure rlvor >■( water "J life, cleai fls 
. rystal, proceeding oul of the throne of <:"ii and of the Lamb. 
in tin; midst of the street of It, and on either side of the 
river, was there the tree of 1 1 f l-. which bare twelve manner 

of fruits, and yielded her iron every nth: and the leaves of 

ihe tree were ror the healing of t > « ■ - nations" (Rev. 22: l, 2). 

8s and 7s 

On the hanks of life's lair river, 

Stands the teeming tree of life; 
li is clad with leaves eternal, 

And with healing they are rife. 
When our pilgrimage is ended, 

And we cross the turbid flood, 
Clothed in robes of spotless whiteness, 

Through the Savior's precious blood, 
Mere we'll rest our weary footsteps, 

In its sweet, refreshing shade; 
All the burdens of our journey, 

In its shadow shall be laid. 
Merc we'll meet with Christ our Savior. 

In his bright, celestial home, 
He will smile a happy welcome, 

Lead us to his Father's throne. 
We can pluck the luscious fruitage 

That to Adam was denied, 
For the angel set to guard it, 

Laid his flaming sword aside. 
Here the saints of all the ages, 

Clothed in linen clean and white. 
Sing the song of their redemption, 

In a dime of pure delight. 
And there flows the crystal river, 

From the very throne of God; 
( )n its banks so fair and vernal, 

Radiant angel feet have trod. 
We shall share their blessed glory, 

In that land of light and song, 
Lave our soul in heavenly pleasure, 

While the ages roll along. 
[•Jollidaysburg, Pa. 



The Extent of Our Appreciation. 

BY H. M. FOGELSONGER. 

We are all familiar with the word "appreciation," 
but when we use it in everyday conversation we usual- 
ly have in mind a kind of thankfulness. It has a 
wider meaning. In this brief article the word will 
be used almost synonymously with " estimation " and 
" perception." 

What is the extent of our appreciation of the world 
about us, outdoors, indoors, physically, spiritually, or 
by any classification that we may have? How much 
of the world do we know? How much of ourselves 
do we know? How much of our community do we 
know? These are legitimate questions. It is some- 
times said that man "is placed on the earth for a pur- 
pose. That may be true, but if it is, the purpose varies 
wonderfully, or some men and women fall far below 
what is expected of them. We do know that, if we 
come into this world normal human beings, we have 
the power within us to learn and to become acquainted 
with the world about us. 

On looking out of the window, I see a cornfield 
from which the crop has been harvested. Nothing 
remains except jagged rows of stubble. The grain 
of corn, placed in the ground last spring, developed 
into a fullgrown stalk, bearing a ripened ear. But 
there is another story to tell. It required exertion 
and energy to produce such a harvest. Rootlets had 
to be sent into the earth far enough to find water, 
when the surface was dry and parched. Green leaves 
had to be grown, because the plant takes food from 
the air as well as from the earth. All these things 
were necessary before a harvest. Last spring you 
could hold the grain of corn on the tip of your little 
finger, but the world with which it became acquainted, 
during the summer, the earth from which its rootlets 
drank, the fresh air and sunshine that it knew, you 
could not begin to carry on your shoulder. 

You will pardon the digression into philosophy, but 
I like to think of the world,— of the universe, for that 
matter, — as made up of centers of activity, capable of 
appreciating a certain portion or an indefinite portion 



of the world. You are one of those centers, and so 
am I. Now you understand why those questions were 
asked at the beginning. 

There are grown people who have had the op- 
portunities of our free public schools, and yet they 
cannot read ordinary English intelligently. They 
know very little of the Bible and less of history. They 
read nothing in the newspapers, except a few items of 
gossip. They do not understand a sermon which de- 
mands concentration of the mind. (Some of you are- 
becoming excited, and saying that Fogelsonger thinks 
you are not worth anything unless you have gone to 
college; but listen.) These people comprehend but 
very little about themselves, physically, and are easily 
exploited by fake doctors. They have never trained 
themselves to appreciate beauty. " They understand 
nothing of colors and color combinations, not even 
enough to dress themselves in harmonious colors. 
They are ignorant of birds and their habits ; they know 
but little of the wild animal life of the neighborhood. 
They are not acquainted with the first principles of 
plant growth. They usually do knozv something about 
sexual relations and generally about the physical well- 
being, experienced after a large meal, and sometimes 
a little about rudimentary and superficial religion. 
Between that extreme and the opposite, the man or 
woman who has enjoyed the highest type of culture. 
are the majority of people. 

The parable of the talent hid away in a napkin 
should be ringing in our ears constantly. The Master 
meant more than we may think he did. Were you 
ever very tired and thirsty and, when you were almost 
to the limit of your energy did you suddenly chance 
upon a spring and cool shade? Do you remember 
how you enjoyed that refreshing draught, as it gently 
cooled your burning throat? Unless you have ex- 
perienced the same longing and pleasure in drinking 
in the beauties and knowledge of the things about 
you, you have never had the experience of a fully- 
awakened soul. You have never expanded to the ex- 
tent to which God has given you the power. 

One of the large universities of this country pur- 
chased a great telescope. A building was constructed 
in which to house it, the instrument was set up, and 
an astronomer was placed in charge, but the instru- 
ment failed to work properly, There were imper- 
fections in the lens. It happened that some one knew 
of an old German-Polish mechanic living in the city, 
who had been of assistance at other times. He was 
called and soon remedied the trouble by rubbing off 
the uneven places of the lens until it focused perfect- 
ly. I knew the old man, for I worked in the shop 
with him. He was a contented, good-natured fellow, 
always trying to do the right thing and do it well. He 
enjoyed life and was anxious to learn, even when old 
and gray-haired. He never enjoyed many years in 
school, but was well versed in physics, history, poli- 
tics and religion, and could speak two or three 
languages well. He knew something of higher mathe- 
matics, and was able better to solve a problem mentally 
than the average high school graduate. And, what 
is most surprising, he was willing to work in a ma- 
chine shop for mechanics' wages and wear greasy 
overalls. 

One day I asked him for an explanation of his 
life, and his answer put me to thinking. He said that 
lie enjoyed his shop work, and besides that, enjoyed 
everything else that he could learn. He said he want- 
ed to get everything possible that God had in store 
for him, and thereby do the world more good. Every- 
body liked " Old Barclay." He was doing the world 
good. There were, scores of other mechanics in the 
same city who did their shop work just as well as 
" Barclay," but no one thought of calling on them to 
repair the telescope. Why? They were not in the 
habit of doing anything except their daily tasks. 
Their evenings were not spent reading and studying. 
They were not familiar with very^much of the world. 
They were content to leave the storehouses of culture 
untouched. 

It is- true that we are never too old to gain knowl- 
edge, unless our mind is defective. We can begin im- 
mediately, without further delay, to learn more of the 
good things about us, more of noble men and women, 



more of the birds, more of the flowers, more of every 
growing plant, and more of ourselves. It is only by 
making the most of ourselves that we can give up 
life without remorse. 
New Paris, Ind. 



Old People's Home for Northern California. 

BY D. L, FORNEY. 

Five years ago, while yet the District of Northern 
California was in its infancy, the project of an Old 
People's Home was quietly undertaken. The work 
has moved slowly, yet cautiously, forward, gathering 
strength as well as funds by the way. 

It was, however, on Thanksgiving Day of 1913, that 
Bro. John R. Neff, a deacon of the Empire congrega- 
tion, called some of the elders together to counsel with 
them in regard to the establishing of a Home at 
Empire. As a result of the encouragement given, 
Brother and Sister Neff have set apart for this work 
the sum of twelve thousand dollars in property and 
money, for the establishing and maintaining of a 
Home for aged brethren and sisters. 

The property consists of more than an acre of land 
in the town of Empire, on which is built a large, two- 
story brick house of eight rooms, equipped with 
electric lights, and wafer supply. A tank-house, wind- 
mill and barn, together with a cow, poultry, and other 
personal effects, are all included in this munificent 
gift. Sufficient fruit and berries, vegetables, etc., are 
grown to furnish a good supply for table use. 

An adjoining acre, or more, of ground has also 
been purchased by the Board of Trustees, to furnish 
ample room for all needful buildings in years to come. 
In this latter investment is also included a liberal 
donation by Sister J. C. Seibert, from whom the pur- 
chase was originally made. 

The. " Home " is only a short distance from the 
Empire churchhouse, not far from* the station, and 
withal is closely surrounded by a host of large-hearted 
brethren and sisters, whose interest and concern in 
aged brethren and sisters, who may occupy the 
" Home," will add much to their enjoyment. 

For the present Brother and Sister Neff will oc- 
cupy the Home, and arrangements will be made for 
others as the needs demand. A canvass of the Dis- 
trict will be made for donations and endowment for 
the support of the Home. * Any members within the 
District, not called upon personally, may be in reach 
of one of the Board of Trustees, consisting of Elders 
J. W. Deardorff, D. R. Holsinger, Jesse Overholtzer, 
H. F. Maust and D. L. Forney. Eld. D. R. Holsinger, 
of Laton, Cal., is Secretary-Treasurer of the Board. 
This is, at present, the only Home for aged brethren 
and sisters on the Pacific Coast. Our prayer is that 
it may prove a blessing to the church, — a benediction 
to many in the decline of life. 

Reedley, Cal. 



A Remarkable Change. 

BY W. H. DEETER. 

Just before his ascension Jesus told his disciples 
that they should tarry at Jerusalem until they were 
endued with power from on high, and then they were 
to witness for him (Luke 24: 48-49). Prior to this 
endowment, they manifested a spirit of great worldly 
ambition, aspiring to be greatest in his kingdom. 

Perhaps at no time were the disciples taken back 
more completely than when, after a discussion, as to 
who of them should be greatest in his kingdom, he 
set a little child in their midst and said, " Verily, I 
say unto you, Except ye be converted and become as 
little children, ye shall not enter into the kingdom of 
heaven." 

Peter was very sanguine of his own loyalty", even 
when Jesus quoted Zech. 13: 7, "I will smite the 
shepherd, and the sheep of the flock shall be scattered 
abroad." Peter, in reply, said, "Though all men shall 
be offended because of thee, yet will I never be offend- 
ed." Jesus told him, " This night before the cock 
crow, thou shalt deny me thrice." To make his af- 
firmation still stronger, if possible, Peter - said, 
" Though I should die with thee, yet will I not deny 
thee. Likewise also said all the disciples." 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 31, 1914. 



67 



These were strong assertions, but, alas, for the 
weakness of poor Peter! When danger came he 
signally failed. He followed Jesus, when in danger, 
" afar off," and actually denied that he knew him, 
qualifying his denial with a defiant oath. The other 
disciples were also scattered. 

In all the above cases much weakness was mani- 
fested- While in this condition, they would have 
been cowardly witnesses, had they been brought to 
the test. Confronted, as they afterward were, they 
would have utterly failed. They needed to be en- 
dued with " power from on high." 

This special power was received on the Day of 
Pentecost. " And when the day of Pentecost was 
fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. 
And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of 
a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house 
where they were sitting. And there appeared unto 
them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon 
each of them. And they were all filled with the Holy- 
Ghost and began to speak with other tongues, as the 
Spirit gave them utterance." 

This first manifestation of extraordinary power 
was in the gift of tongues. ;The Spirit gave them ut- 
terance, so that every man heard them speak in his 
own tongue, although there were there men out of 
every nation, — some sixteen different tongues. This 
was all. the more remarkable because they were un- 
learned. Peter was not afraid, now, to tell the Jews 
of their great sin in crucifying the Lord of glory, and 
he boldly laid the same at their door in the words, 
" Ye' have taken and by wicked hands have crucified 
and slam Jesus Christ." 

This allegation must have been a stinging reproof 
to them, and it caused many of them to enquire, 
" What must we do?" 

There was another manifestation of power when 
Peter and John were entering the temple, and healed 
the lame man, who begged alms of the people entering. 
Peter took him by the hand and said, " In the name of 
Jesus of Nazareth, rise up and walk." He arose and, 
in the enjoyment of full bodily strength, praised God. 
This caused a great stir among the people. 

Peter was not slow to tell them, " Ye killed the 
Prince of life, whom God hath raised from the dead, 
whereof we are witnesses. And his name through 
faith in his name hath made this man strong." This 
caused a council to be called of some of the officials, 
who opposed the work and preaching of the apostles. 
They arrested and imprisoned these men, because they 
preached the resurrection of the dead through the 
name of Jesus. 

Next day these officials again called the apostles 
before their tribunal. Peter gave them a most cutting 
reply, " Be it known to you all and to all the people 
of Israel, that by the name of Jesus Christ of Naza- 
reth, whom ye crucified, whom God raised from the 
dead, even by him doth this man stand before you 
whole." 

The officials were greatly puzzled to know what to 
do next. They called the apostles again, threatened 
them and commanded them not to speak any more in 
the name of Jesus. Peter and John said, " Whether 
it be right in the sight of God to hearken unto you 
more than unto God, judge ye." 

After this, by the hands of the apostles many 
wonders and signs were wrought. This so enraged 
their enemies that they laid hands on them and im- 
prisoned them. But the angel of God by night opened 
the door of the prison and delivered them. 

Next morning when the officers proposed to bring 
them before the council, they were dumbfounded to 
find that the prisoners had disappeared though the 
prison doors were securely fastened. ' They so re- 
ported to the council, and while they were still dis- 
cussing the situation, some one announced that these 
men were again in the temple, preaching Christ and 
the resurrection. 

The apostles had gained so much influence with 
the people that the officers knew it would not do to 
take them by violence. They, therefore, took them 
quietly, and brought them before the council. Again 
the Sanhedrin was confronted by the bold reply: " We 
ought to obey God rather than men." At this 



opportune time the wise counsel of Gamaliel was 
given, and to this they agreed in part. Having beaten 
the disciples they let them go. Then the apostles de- 
parted, rejoicing that they were worthy to suffer 
shame for the name of Jesus. 

The above is but a meager showing of the great 
change that came to the disciples when, losing sight 
of ambition and also their earth-born cowardice, they 
became possessed of fearless but humble courage. 
With the endowment received from above, in vindi- 
cation of Jesus and the resurrection, the apostles were 
able to meet all opposition, even facing scourging, 
prison and death itself. 

Milford, Ind. 



Christmas in Denmark. 

BY A. F. WINE. 

These are short days. The sun rises at 9:15 
and sets at 3: 15. Christmas Eve has come. At 4: 30 
P. M. the church bells are ringing, calling the people 
to prepare for sendees at 5 o'clock in all of the 
churches in the city and throughout the country. The 
weather is quite damp but warm, green grass covers 
the lawns and parks. The ground is not even frozen. 
The streets of Aalborg, a city of over 35,000 inhabi- 
tants, which, for the past week or more, have been 
crowded with people, are now almost entirely de- 
serted 1 at 5 P. M., except for a few belated opes go- 
ing to church. 

We attend services at one of the State churches, 
called the " Budolfi Kirke," — more commonly known 
as the " White Church," it being painted pure while, 
It is the largest and oldest one in the city, seating 
about seven hundred people. It was built in the early 
part of the sixteenth century and has much history 
in connection with it. 

When we arrive, at 5 P. M., the church is crowded 
to its fullest capacity. Even all standing room is 
taken, and were it not for the fact that some an- 
already tired of standing and therefore leaving, we 
would not have been able to get in at all. For three- 
quarters of an hour the time is occupied with the 
singing of psalms and Christmas hymns, interspersed 
with many different " form prayers," read from the 
church book by the officiating minister before the 
altar, above which is the image of our dear Savior. 

At 5 : 45 the minister ascends the steps to the pul- 
pit, which is almost in the center of the church, and 
about nine feet high. He first offers a short prayer, 
then reads his text, and then prays again at some 
length before beginning to preach. His subject, as 
would be expected, is "The Coming of the Messiah," 
or, as we would say, " The Birth of Jesus." He 
speaks not quite half an hour, and closes with two 
more prayers before leaving the stand. Then he of- 
fers three more prayers before the altar, at the rear 
end of the church. A psalm is then sung, the bene- 
diction pronounced, and the congregation quickly 
leaves the building for their homes, to celebrate the 
evening in feasting. 

Promptly at six o'clock all stores, shops and places 
of business of every description, arc closed, and re- 
main so for two days, and, thank God, this includes 
all saloons. The quietness of the evening is especially 
noticeable to one who has spent his Christmas in 
Chicago for the past ten years. Business is practically 
at a standstill for two weeks, as that is the time given 
for the Christmas holidays. 

After the church services are over, the streets are 
almost entirely deserted by the people, for all are in 
their homes to enjoy the celebration of the evening. 
This consists of a well-decorated Christmas-tree, ac- 
companied by the usual giving of gifts. Sometime 
between seven o'clock and midnight, the Christmas 
feast, or dinner, is partaken of in a joyful manner by 
the entire family surrounding the table. This is a 
rare opportunity for the children of Denmark, as they 
are usually fed in the kitchen, or, at least, at a separate 
table. The popular Christmas meat for Denmark is 
goose, instead of turkey, as in America. Those that 
can not possibly afford goose, have duck. 

Almost every home, regardless of poverty, position 
or wealth, has a Christmas-tree. Of course, these 



trees are not nearly so expensive as in America. A 
fairly good-sized tree can be bought and trimmed for 
from one to two dollars. Christmas day is called 
" First Yulcdag," the day after Christmas is called 
" Second Yuledag." Services are held both morning 
and evening on both days. 

There are only three State churches in the city. 
Besides these there are one Methodist, one Baptist, 
one Mormon, one Free Mission, one Salvation Army, 
one small Catholic and several other small churches, 
the names of which I did not learn. The State 
churches arc large, having, perhaps, a total attendance 
of three thousand people at each service. The others 
are small, holding only from one to three hundred. 

As to the church attendants, I presume they are 
only nominal church-members, for practically all be- 
long to the State church, unless they have come out 
from it and joined some one of the others mentioned. 
There is no Christmas exercise in the State church 
for the children. In fact, no attention -is given to 
them after their confirmation, which takes place at 
the age of fourteen. This has been the condition. 
I shall speak of an awakening in another article. 

/lalborg, Denmark. 



The Girl Who Wanted to Be a Christian. 

BY EZRA FLORY. 

She was thirteen, — the most characteristic age of 
natural religious awakening among girls. What heart 
could not have been touched as she stood sobbing, 
"Oh, I want to be a Christian so bad!" Without 
persuasion, and doubtless with too much tardiness on 
the part of her Christian associates, she decided to 
make this choice. 

It was parental opposition that caused the child of 
these lofty aspirations to turn her face to a quiet hall- 
way to tell in tears what was too deep to speak in 
words. 

A visit was soon made to the home where, in frank- 
ly talking the matter over, we were treated with due 
respect. We could not refuse the child, and were 
eager to receive her. The mother did not want to 
assume the responsibility of saying " No." After a 
season of prayer we left, believing the Lord would 
open the way. 

The next morning a happy heart came to tell us 
she would be permitted to come. But Satan loses no 
time in his tactics, and before the day closed the sky 
was again black with discouragement for the girl. 
New factors of opposition were in the field. Again 
we visited the home, only to meet an array of apparent 
impossibilities to her coming. That old objection 
which I have heard even in some of the homes of our 
own people, came first: "Why, she is too young; she 
doesn't understand what she is doing." I wish that, 
somehow, I might be able to send every adult back to 
those times of religious longings awakened in their 
souls, when they were beginning to look out upon a 
new life, — those birth cries of a new being. But 
alas! they have been seared with passion for lower 
levels. Then I wish I might picture the findings of 
students as to the wonderful advantages of this very 
period of life, holding out its fragrance of opportuni- 
ties for a brief time. Or, we might go to the Word 
itself for the same truth. 

Another objection was this: "Well, I became a 
Christian when twelve, and have so regretted it since 
that I feel it my duty to warn young people. I was 
frightened into it at a revival meeting." (There was 
no revival meeting in this girl's case.) Such methods 
are unfortunate enough and we frankly admitted it, 
but that did not reach this case, nor did it justify the 
objector. 

The next objection: "Now, we attend theaters 
sometimes. Husband is a man of intense life; a good 
man, who does not drink, and he needs a little pleasure 
and relaxation. Going to the theater can not be de- 
nied him. And I go with him. We could not think 
of leaving daughter home when we go. But you peo- 
ple do not allow your members to attend theaters, 
I understand. You certainly do a lot of Bible teach- 
ing, as others should do. Now it would make trouble 
in our home from that standpoint." 

Finally we were asked, " And now, would you pre- 



68 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 31, 1914. 



sunie to take a parent's child and baptize her against 
the authority and permission of the parent?" We 
replied that out of diie respect and consideration at 
this very point, we were in the home. " But," we 
continued, " as touching our duty as the Father's mes- 
sengers, have you not read the Master's words, ' Think 
not that I am come to send peace on the earth: I came 
not to send peace, but a sword. For I came to set a 
man at variance against his father, and the daughter 
against her mother, . . . and a man's foes shall 
be they of his own household. He that loveth father 
or mother more than me is not worthy of me ; . . . 
And he that doth not take his cross and follow after 
me, is not worthy of me' (Matt. 10: 34-39)? What 
should be thought of Christ's minister who would 



obey man rather than God?" There was a halt in 
the argument. But it was as " convincing a man 
against his will." 

A pious grandmother, who had seen this world 
sapping the life of her daughter's consecration, un- 
folded the hidden background of the whole course of 
objections. With trembling emotion she deplored the 
society life, the theaters, the lodges, which were at- 
tracting her children, — her daughters, — to the neg- 
lect and death of their spiritual life. The child was 
not infrequently left at home without the parents. 
The excuses were like excuses, — insincere. 

Shall we not pray for this girl, who still wants to be 
a Christian? 

Hartford, Conn. 



Thoughts on the Sacraments 

A Series of Discussions 

- ' ByH.J.Harnly 



No. 5. — On Suggestion as Related to the Sacraments. 

" A suggestion is, we might say at first, an idea 
which has power in our mind to suppress the opposite 
idea. A suggestion is an idea which, in itself, is not 
different from other ideas, but the way it takes pos- 
session of the mind reduces the chances of any op- 
posite idea, ft inhibits them. Every suggestion is 
thus, ultimately, a suggestion of activity. ... By 
small steps suggestion shades over into ordinary ex- 
change of ideas, propositions and impressions, just 
as attention shades over into a neutral perception." — 
Miinsterburg, in " Psychotherapy." 

" Suggestion is only another name for the power of 
ideas, so far as they are efficacious over belief and 
conduct." — Wm. James, in " Varieties of Religious 
Experience.'' 

" Jn every case we have to acknowledge that he 
who believes may be cruel." — Miinsterburg, in 
" Psychotherapy." 

That man is highly susceptible to suggestion, is 
admitted by all. That suggestion may occasion change 
in health, mind or morals, is conceded. As to the 
causality of suggestion, there is much controversy. 
"The attitude. of the one who gives the suggestion 
has gone in the history of mankind through all pos- 
sible variations." For practical purposes it is not 
essential that we should solve the mystery of sugges- 
tion, nor even decide whether the so-called subcon- 
scious subjective, subliminal' or marginal, is a fringe 
of consciousness with a dark background of uncon- 
scious cerebration, or a form of conscious activity 
not rising into self-consciousness. Prof. Miinster- 
burg says positively there is no subconscious self. It 
is all unconscious physical cerebration. I am inclined 
to believe that Prof. Miinsterburg is a victim of the 
. paradoxy of truth. His theory is impossible, because 
of the premises assumed. The attempt to state the 
truth in the form of a judgment necessarily becomes 
paradoxical, and so many things become logically im- 
possible which, nevertheless, have reality. 

The experiments of Sides, Binnet, Gourney, M. 
Liebault and Prof. Jouet suggest a conscious sub- 
liminal self. Says Boris Sides, " I made three thou- 
sand experiments, — eight hundred upon myself, and 
twenty-two hundred upon fifty subjects, — and the re- 
sults give direct and conclusive evidence of the 
presence of the subwaking, subpersonal hyperasthetic 
self in our normal states." The same author says, 
" By suggestion is meant the introduction into the 
mind of an idea ; met with more or less opposition ; 
accepted uncritically at last, and realized unreflective- 
ly, almost automatically." 

The purpose of the sacraments is to put into the 
mind, by means of symbolisms, ideals of the most 
fundamental principles of the kingdom of God, in 
such a way that the ideals may be realized in the life 
of the individual. 

Ethics and religion leach us the aim and end ; the 
psychology of suggestion, how to reach the end. 



Miinsterburg' s " Pyschotherapy " and " The Psychol- 
ogy of Suggestion," by Boris Sides, make valuable 
studies for the understanding of the suggestive value 
of the sacraments, and their successful administra- 
tion. 

In order that suggestion may be successful, the 
mind must attend, but in an irrelevant sort of way, 
so as to leave the mind open ; nonrelevant impressions 
must be shut out. There must be a quiet place with 
nothing to detract. The subject himself must be as 
quiet as possible. The field of consciousness must be 
limited as much as possible. Other motor tendencies 
must be inhibited, and finally there must be immediate 
action. " Every man is highly suggestible in the di- 
rection of his main interests or his habitual activities." 

The sacraments are a means to an end already 
agreed upon. By exercising the moral judgment we 
accept certain principles and ideals of character as 
desirable. This produces an emotional desire for the 
attainment of the end. The principle or ideal having 
become autho'ritative for us, we surrender ourselves 
to the sacrament suggesting this ideal. Without re- 
serve we yield our will, as it were, to the will of God, 
represented in the ideal which the sacrament sym- 
bolizes and suggests. The suggestion " takes " and 
conforms our will and activities to the principle sug- 
gested, and so we realize, in ourselves, the ideal. 

The most essential factor is the will and expecta- 
tion of the subject. Means must be used to create the 
will and expectation. This makes the examination 
and preparatory service of tremendous importance. 
The officiating elder must know how, or there will be 
only partial success. 

Another all-essential factor is the activation into 
practical life. Emotions created by the sacraments 
for their own sake, without passing into action, have 
no higher value than emotions created by stimulants. 
The subjective pleasure, making it the end instead of 
the changed life and character, secured through the 
activation of the emotion, is one of the greatest 
dangers. We must not only pray, but answer our 
prayers. We must not only feel, but act in accordance 
with our feelings. As we submit to the sacrament, 
our emotions are aroused. We like the feeling for its 
own sake. We seek a repetition for the sake of the 
feeling. Such procedure, instead of building up char- 
acter, weakens it. The suggestion must be given free 
course without hindrance, ■ 

It has been suggested that the line of study we are 
following is dangerous; that it is not safe to seek a 
reason for our faith ; that it tends to remove the super- 
natural, the spiritual. We are told that it eliminates 
Christ and God. My answer is that the danger is 
more fancied than real. The study does not deny the 
mystical, the spiritual in religion, but assumes it. It, 
furthermore, assumes that the spiritual world is a 
world of law and not of chance and caprice, and 
that in the vineyard of the Lord there are tender vines 
which must be cultivated and nurtured, if they are to 
develop and produce perfect fruit, and that the hus- 
bandman must know the nature and needs of the 



vine in order to be successful in producing a perfect 
vine and fruit. Ignorance and indifference mean 
failure. 

The purpose of the discussion is to point out the 
law of suggestion involved in the sacraments and to 
show that, in administering the sacraments, the con- 
ditions of the law of suggestion must be met, and 
that mistakes, because of ignorance or indifference, 
may. mean tremendous spiritual loss. This does not 
mean that we must fathom every mystery before we 
act, but it does mean that we must act upon the 
knowledge we have, and use every opportunity to en- 
large our knowledge, so that we may grow in wisdom 
and in power and in favor with God and man. 

McPherson, Kans. 



Decrease in the Size of Families. 

BY EDGAR ROTHROCK. 

" There is no doubt whatever that the French peo- 
ple are rushing to suicide. If they continue on this 
course, the French nation, — those of French stock, — 
will have lost a fifth of their number before the expira- 
tion of the present century and will absolutely have 
vanished from Europe by the end of the twenty-second 
century; that is, in two hundred years." Thus writes 
an editor of an important Paris paper in commenting 
on the returns of the recent census of France. 

Not only has France suffered a decline in her birth 
rate, but also the United States. The census of 1850 
shows an average of 5.6 persons to a family, and suc- 
ceeding census enumerations run as follows : 1860, 5.3 ; 
1870, 5.1; 1880, 5.0; 1890, 4.9; 1900, 4.7; and 191o| 
4.5. The decrease is most marked among the wealthy 
and highly educated. It is quite noticeable among the 
middle classes and intelligent poor, while apparently, 
to make the situation more serious, only the most 
ignorant and irresponsible make no effort to limit the 
number of children. The small family is not peculiar 
to the city, as some think, but is increasingly common 
in the rural community. Warren H. Wilson in his 
book, " The Evolution of the Country Community," in 
commenting on the shrinkage in the size of older fami- 
lies, says : " In Chester County, Pennsylvania, and in 
Washington County, where the most substantial farm- 
ers in, the country are found, the families of the pres- 
ent generation are small. Many of the older stock 
have no children. Families which have retained the 
title of their land for eight generations are losing their 
hold upon the soil, by reason of the fact that they have 
none to inherit after them." . 

In view of these facts, is it not well to consider 
whether we, like the French, are committing race sui- 
cide? 

The causes of the decrease in the size of families are 
many and varied, and their roots permeate to the very 
foundation of our pr